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Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Power Systems

Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Power Systems
Technologies and Applications

by Ennio Macchi,Marco Astolfi

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-08-24
  • Pages : 698
  • ISBN : 0081005113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Power Systems: Technologies and Applications provides a systematic and detailed description of organic Rankine cycle technologies and the way they are increasingly of interest for cost-effective sustainable energy generation. Popular applications include cogeneration from biomass and electricity generation from geothermal reservoirs and concentrating solar power installations, as well as waste heat recovery from gas turbines, internal combustion engines and medium- and low-temperature industrial processes. With hundreds of ORC power systems already in operation and the market growing at a fast pace, this is an active and engaging area of scientific research and technical development. The book is structured in three main parts: (i) Introduction to ORC Power Systems, Design and Optimization, (ii) ORC Plant Components, and (iii) Fields of Application. Provides a thorough introduction to ORC power systems Contains detailed chapters on ORC plant components Includes a section focusing on ORC design and optimization Reviews key applications of ORC technologies, including cogeneration from biomass, electricity generation from geothermal reservoirs and concentrating solar power installations, waste heat recovery from gas turbines, internal combustion engines and medium- and low-temperature industrial processes Various chapters are authored by well-known specialists from Academia and ORC manufacturers

Organic Rankine Cycle Power Systems

Organic Rankine Cycle Power Systems
Technical Aspects, Design and Modeling

by Sylvain Quoilin,Matthew Orosz,Vincent Lemort

  • Publisher : VCH
  • Release : 2018-02-14
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN : 9783527338627
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Authored by authoritative experts in the field, this long–awaited book provides multidisciplinary insights into the technological, economic, design, and optimization aspects of organic Rankine cycle (ORC) systems. Following an introduction presenting the fundamentals of Rankine cycles and thermodynamics, subsequent chapters discuss ORC technology, including the selection of working fluid, the expansion machines and pumps, and the applications of ORC. A chapter on modeling, optimizing and controlling ORC systems is also included. The book concludes with a look at future technological advances. For newcomers to this hot topic as well as experts in industry already working with the technology, from organic chemistry via simulation and modeling to power plant engineers.

Modelling and Control of Organic Rankine Cycle Based Waste Heat Recovery Systems

Modelling and Control of Organic Rankine Cycle Based Waste Heat Recovery Systems
A Book

by Jianhua Zhang,Jinliang Xu

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2017-11-01
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 9780128131046
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modelling and Control of Organic Rankine Cycle Based Waste Heat Recovery Systems is a systematic study of modeling and control of ORC-based systems for waste heat recovery, bringing together rapidly developing research in this area. The organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is now commonly accepted as a viable technology to convert low grade heat in the thermal power plant, the diesel engine and the fuel cell. In response to limited reserves, increases in cost and the environmental impact of fossil fuels, the cumulative global capacity of ORC power systems for the conversion of renewable and waste thermal energy is undergoing rapid growth. Recovery utilization for low-grade heat energy has become one of the important energy-saving methods. In addition, technological advancements and cost reduction allow for competitive organic Rankine cycle machines on the market. Chapter 1 introduces the current status of organic Rankine cycle systems and reviews advances and challenges in organic Rankine cycle (ORC) systems modeling and control strategies. Chapter 2 presents the configuration of ORC power systems, analyzes the performance of ORC systems and summarizes their features, including both the operating modes and control objectives of ORC systems. Chapter 3 establishes the physical model for ORC power systems after building basic component models (evaporator, condenser, expander, receiver and pump). The model of an ORC power system is identified using input/output data. Chapter 4 designs controllers for ORC power systems operating on both, following electric power mode and waste heat mode respectively, using optimized set-points of controlled ORC power systems. Chapter 5 focuses on using simulation tools for building development systems that experimentally validate the physical model and control strategies of ORC power systems. Engineers and professionals, as well as recent graduates in the power generation industry will find this a valuable reference. Covers all of the topics related to both modeling and controller design for organic Rankine cycle systems Focuses on the approaches for creating mathematical models and controlling for the ORC systems Illustrates clearly the multi-disciplinary nature of the subject Includes an appendix of MATLAB/Simulink code for modeling and controlling ORC

Organic Rankine Cycle for Energy Recovery System

Organic Rankine Cycle for Energy Recovery System
A Book

by Andrea De Pascale

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-06-18
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 3039363948
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The rising trend in the global energy demand poses new challenges to humankind. The energy and mechanical engineering sectors are called to develop new and more environmentally friendly solutions to harvest residual energy from primary production processes. The Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) is an emerging energy system for power production and waste heat recovery. In the near future, this technology can play an increasing role within the energy generation sectors and can help achieve the carbon footprint reduction targets of many industrial processes and human activities. This Special Issue focuses on selected research and application cases of ORC-based waste heat recovery solutions. Topics included in this publication cover the following aspects: performance modeling and optimization of ORC systems based on pure and zeotropic mixture working fluids; applications of waste heat recovery via ORC to gas turbines and reciprocating engines; optimal sizing and operation of ORC under combined heat and power and district heating application; the potential of ORC on board ships and related issues; life cycle analysis for biomass application; ORC integration with supercritical CO2 cycle; and the proper design of the main ORC components, including fluid dynamics issues. The current state of the art is considered and some cutting-edge ORC technology research activities are examined in this book.

23 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

23 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
Optimization of binary geothermal power systems

by Hadi Ghasemi,Alessio Tizzanini,Marco Paci,Alexander Mitsos

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-06-10
  • Pages : 1088
  • ISBN : 0128085649
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this article, modeling and optimization of two different organic Rankine cycles (ORC) (Power Plant (a) with a recuperator and Power Plant (b) without a recuperator) utilizing geothermal brine (GB) are studied. The developed models for these ORCs include performance characteristics of different components obtained from two existing power plants. The power plants rely on dry cooling (air cooled condenser) and as such exhibit performance degradation for high ambient temperatures. The models are validated with measured data for one-year operation of each power plant. The optimal operations of these power plants are obtained maximizing the net power output. The optimization is performed in Aspen Plus®. Although in the literature it is suggested that for an ORC, the optimal performance is achieved with no superheat at the inlet of turbine, this statement only holds for low ambient temperatures. Our findings suggest that the optimal value of superheat is a monotonic increasing function of the ambient temperature; in hot days, high values of superheat provide the maximum power output. The new optimal operation boosts the annual power output of the cycles up to 9% in ORC (a) and up to 7% in ORC (b). Furthermore, the findings reveal that for a fixed total flow rate of GB in a year, an optimized operation of power plant increases the revenue by an additional 3.7 % compared to fixed flowrate of brine; this is achieved by a slightly higher flow rate of GB in the low and moderate ambient temperatures and no operation of the plant in the hot hours of the year. This can be economical if the shutdown is combined with plant maintenance.

Effects of the Working Fluid Charge in Organic Rankine Cycle Power Systems: Numerical and Experimental Analyses

Effects of the Working Fluid Charge in Organic Rankine Cycle Power Systems: Numerical and Experimental Analyses
A Book

by Davide Ziviani

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It is well known that organic Rankine cycle (ORC) power systems often operate in conditions differing from the nominal design point due to variations of the heat source and heat sink conditions. Similar to a vapor compression cycle, the system operation (e.g., subcooling level, pump cavitation) and performance (e.g., heat exchanger effectiveness) of an ORC are affected by the working fluid charge. This chapter presents a discussion of the effects of the charge inventory in ORC systems. In particular, both numerical and experimental aspects are presented. The importance of properly predicting the total amount of working fluid charge for optimizing design and off-design conditions is highlighted. Furthermore, an overview on state-of-the-art modeling approaches is also presented.

Organic Rankine Cycle Technology for Heat Recovery

Organic Rankine Cycle Technology for Heat Recovery
A Book

by Enhua Wang

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-11-07
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1789843472
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book on organic Rankine cycle technology presents nine chapters on research activities covering the wide range of current issues on the organic Rankine cycle. The first section deals with working fluid selection and component design. The second section is related to dynamic modeling, starting from internal combustion engines to industrial power plants. The third section discusses industrial applications of waste heat recovery, including internal combustion engines, LNG, and waste water. A comprehensive analysis of the technology and application of organic Rankine cycle systems is beyond the aim of the book. However, the content of this volume can be useful for scientists and students to broaden their knowledge of technologies and applications of organic Rankine cycle systems.

Structural Optimization and Experimental Investigation of the Organic Rankine Cycle for Solar Thermal Power Generation

Structural Optimization and Experimental Investigation of the Organic Rankine Cycle for Solar Thermal Power Generation
A Book

by Jing Li

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-12-09
  • Pages : 133
  • ISBN : 3662456230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Compared to the conventional Rankine cycle using water, the ORC can create efficient expansion at low power, avoid superheater and offer higher thermal efficiency in low temperature application. Small-scale ORCs from several kWe to a few hundred kWe offer great potential for meeting the residential demand on heat and power, and are of growing interest in scientific and technical fields. However, one critical problem is the decreased device efficiency and cost-effectiveness that arises when the ORC is scaled down. In this thesis, the ORC is combined with low concentration-ratio solar collectors. The background, research trend, merits and importance of the solar ORC are described. To reduce the thermodynamic irreversibility and the cost of the system, three innovative solutions are proposed: solar ORC without heat transfer fluid (HTF), which employs two-stage collectors and heat storage units; hybrid solar power generation based on ORC and amorphous silicon cells; osmosis-driven solar ORC. Heat collection, storage and power conversion are optimized. The design, construction and test of a prototype are conducted, demonstrating the feasibility of the ORC for small-scale cogeneration. Special attention is paid to the variable operation and parameter design with respect to the condensation temperature.

Organic Rankine Cycles for Waste Heat Recovery

Organic Rankine Cycles for Waste Heat Recovery
Analysis and Applications

by Silvia Lasala

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2020-05-13
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 1789854733
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book comprises five chapters on developed research activities on organic Rankine cycles. The first section aims to provide researchers with proper modelling (Chapter 1) and experimental (Chapter 2) tools to calculate and empirically validate thermophysical properties of ORC working fluids. The second section introduces some theoretical and experimental studies of organic Rankine cycles for waste heat recovery applications: a review of different supercritical ORC (Chapter 3), ORC for waste heat recovery from fossil-fired power plants (Chapter 4), the experimental detailed characterization of a small-scale ORC of 3 kW operating with either pure fluids or mixtures (Chapter 5).

Comprehensive Energy Systems

Comprehensive Energy Systems
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-02-07
  • Pages : 5540
  • ISBN : 0128149256
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive Energy Systems provides a unified source of information covering the entire spectrum of energy, one of the most significant issues humanity has to face. This comprehensive book describes traditional and novel energy systems, from single generation to multi-generation, also covering theory and applications. In addition, it also presents high-level coverage on energy policies, strategies, environmental impacts and sustainable development. No other published work covers such breadth of topics in similar depth. High-level sections include Energy Fundamentals, Energy Materials, Energy Production, Energy Conversion, and Energy Management. Offers the most comprehensive resource available on the topic of energy systems Presents an authoritative resource authored and edited by leading experts in the field Consolidates information currently scattered in publications from different research fields (engineering as well as physics, chemistry, environmental sciences and economics), thus ensuring a common standard and language

Working Fluid Selection for Organic Rankine Cycle and Other Related Cycles

Working Fluid Selection for Organic Rankine Cycle and Other Related Cycles
A Book

by Attila R. Imre

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-06-16
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN : 3039360744
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The world’s energy demand is still growing, partly due to the rising population, partly to increasing personal needs. This growing demand has to be met without increasing (or preferably, by decreasing) the environmental impact. One of the ways to do so is the use of existing low-temperature heat sources for producing electricity, such as using power plants based on the organic Rankine cycle (ORC) . In ORC power plants, instead of the traditional steam, the vapor of organic materials (with low boiling points) is used to turn heat to work and subsequently to electricity. These units are usually less efficient than steam-based plants; therefore, they should be optimized to be technically and economically feasible. The selection of working fluid for a given heat source is crucial; a particular working fluid might be suitable to harvest energy from a 90 ℃ geothermal well but would show disappointing performance for well with a 80 ℃ head temperature. The ORC working fluid for a given heat source is usually selected from a handful of existing fluids by trial-and-error methods; in this collection, we demonstrate a more systematic method based on physical and chemical criteria.

Evaluation and Parametric Modeling of 50 KW Organic Rankine Cycle for Waste Heat Recovery from Rural Alaska Diesel Generator Power Plants

Evaluation and Parametric Modeling of 50 KW Organic Rankine Cycle for Waste Heat Recovery from Rural Alaska Diesel Generator Power Plants
A Book

by Vamshi Krishna Avadhanula

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In rural Alaska, there are about 180 villages that run independent electrical power systems using diesel generator sets. A diesel engine generator loses fuel energy in the form of waste heat through the charge air cooler (after cooler), the jacket water cooler, friction, and exhaust. Diesel engine jacket water and exhaust account for about 20% and 30% of the total fuel energy, respectively. In previous studies it has been demonstrated that about 80% of the heat present in jacket water and 50% of the heat from exhaust gases can be recovered for useful purposes such as heating, power generation, refrigeration, and desalination. In this study, the diesel engine waste heat application selected was power generation using an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) heat engine. The basic principle of an ORC system is similar to that of the traditional steam Rankine cycle; the only difference is the working fluid. The working fluids generally used in an ORC are refrigerants, such as R11, R113, R123, R134a, R245fa, and HFE-7000. The working fluid in the ORC system under study is R245fa. A typical ORC consists of a pump, preheater, evaporator, expansion machine (expander), and condenser. The working fluid is pressurized through the pump and supplied to the preheater and evaporator, where it is heated by the heat source. The working fluid exits the evaporator as vapor or liquid/vapor. It expands in the expander, generating power. The low-pressure working fluid exiting the expansion machine is liquefied in the condenser by a cooling source, returned to the pump, and the cycle repeats. At the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) power plant, a lab experimental setup was designed: a hot water loop (heat source) and cold water loop (heat sink) for testing the 50 kW ORC power unit. Different diesel engine waste heat recovery conditions were simulated to study the unit's reliability and performance. After lab testing, the ORC system was installed permanently on a 2 MW Caterpillar diesel engine for jacket water heat recovery in Tok, Alaska, and tested further. These two tests provide for the goals of the present dissertation which are: (i) testing of a 50 kW ORC system for different heat source and heat sink supply conditions, (ii) develop guidelines on applying the present 50 kW ORC system for individual rural Alaska diesel gen-sets, (iii) develop empirical models for the screw expander, (iv) develop heat transfer correlations for single-phase and two-phase evaporation, and two-phase condensation for refrigerant R245fa in the preheater, evaporator and condenser, respectively, and (v) parametric modeling and validation of the present ORC system using the empirical correlations developed for a screw expander and R245fa in heat exchangers to predict the performance of the ORC system for individual diesel generator sets. The lab experimental data were used to plot performance maps for the power unit. These maps were plotted with respect to hot water supply temperature for different ORC parameters, such as heat input to power unit in evaporator and preheater, heat rejection by power unit in condenser, operating power output, payback period, and emissions. An example of how performance maps can be used is included in this dissertation. As detailed in this dissertation, the resulting lab experimental data were used to develop guidelines for independent diesel power plant personnel installing this ORC power unit. The factors influencing selection of a waste heat recovery application (heating or power) are also discussed. A procedure to find a match between the ORC system and any rural diesel generator set is presented. Based on annual electrical load information published in Power Cost Equalization data for individual villages, a list of villages where this ORC system could potentially be beneficial is included. During lab work at the UAF power plant, experimental data were also collected on the refrigerant side (R245fa) of the ORC system. Inlet and outlet pressures and temperatures of each component (evaporator, pump, and expander) of the ORC were measured. Two empirical models to predict screw expander power output were developed. The first model was based on polytropic work output, and the second was based on isentropic work output. Both models predicted screw expander power output within ±10% error limits. Experimental data pertaining to the preheater, evaporator, and condenser were used to develop R245fa heat transfer correlations for single-phase and two-phase evaporation and two-phase condensation in respective heat exchangers. For this study the preheater, evaporator, and condenser were brazed plate heat exchangers (BPHEs). For single-phase heat transfer in the preheater, a Dittus-Boelter type of correlation was developed for R245fa and hot water. For R245fa evaporation in the evaporator, two heat transfer correlations were proposed based on two-phase equation formats given in the literature. For condensation of R245fa in the condenser, one heat transfer correlation was proposed based on a format given in the literature. All the proposed heat transfer correlations were observed to have good agreement with experimental data. Finally, an ORC parametric model for predicting power unit performance (such as power output, heat input, and heat rejection) was developed using the screw expander model and proposed heat transfer correlations for R245fa in heat exchangers. The inputs for the parametric model are heating fluid supply conditions (flow rate and temperature) and cooling fluid supply conditions, generally the only information available in rural Alaska power plant locations. The developed ORC parametric model was validated using both lab experimental data and field installation data. Validation has shown that the ORC computation model is acceptable for predicting ORC performance for different individual diesel gen-sets.

Organic Rankine-cycle Power Systems Working Fluids Study

Organic Rankine-cycle Power Systems Working Fluids Study
Topical Report

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An investigation to experimentally determine the thermal stability limits and degradation rates of Fluorinol 85 as a function of maximum cycle temperatures was initiated in 1982. Following the design and construction of a dynamic test loop capable of simulating the thermodynamic conditions of possible prototypical organic Rankine-cycle (ORC) power systems, several test runs were completed. The Fluorinol 85 test loop was operated for about 3800 h, covering a temperature range of 525-600°F. Both liquid and noncondensable vapor (gas) samples were drawn periodically and analyzed using capillary column gas chromatography, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and mass spectrometry. Results indicate that Fluorinol 85 would not decompose significantly over an extended period of time, up to a maximum cycle temperature of 550°F. However, 506-h data at 575°F show initiation of significant degradation. The 770-h data at 600°F, using a fresh charge of Fluorinol 85, indicate an annual degradation rate of more than 17.2%. The most significant degradation product observed is hydrofluoric acid, which could cause severe corrosion in an ORC system. Devices to remove the hydrofluoric acid and prevent extreme temperature excursions are necessary for any ORC system using Fluorinol 85 as a working fluid.

Solar Energy Update

Solar Energy Update
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems

Power Electronics in Renewable Energy Systems
A Book

by Teuvo Suntio,Tuomas Messo

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-06-24
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 3039210440
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers a collection of 30 scientific papers which address the problems associated with the use of power electronic converters in renewable energy source-based systems. Relevant problems associated with the use of power electronic converters to integrate renewable energy systems to the power grid are presented. Some of the covered topics relate to the integration of photovoltaic and wind energy generators into the rest of the system, and to the use of energy storage to mitigate power fluctuations, which are a characteristic of renewable energy systems. The book provides a good overview of the abovementioned topics.

Organic Rankine-cycle Power Systems Working Fluids Study

Organic Rankine-cycle Power Systems Working Fluids Study
Topical Report No. 2, Toluene

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The US Department of Energy initiated an investigation at Argonne National Laboratory in 1982 to experimentally determine the thermal stability limits and degradation rates of toluene as a function of maximum cycle temperature. Following the design and construction of a dynamic test loop capable of closely simulating the thermodynamic conditions of typical organic Rankine-cycle (ORC) power systems, four test runs, totaling about 3900 h of test time and covering a temperature range of 600-677°F, were completed. Both liquid and noncondensable-vapor (gaseous) samples were drawn periodically and analyzed using capillary-column gas chromatography, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, and mass spectrometry. A computer program that can predict degradation in an ORC engine was developed. Experimental results indicate that, if oxygen can be excluded from the system, toluene is a stable fluid up to the maximum test temperature; the charge of toluene could be used for several years before replacement became necessary. (Additional data provided by Sundstrand Corp. from tests sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration indicate that toluene may be used at temperatures up to 750(degree)F.) Degradation products are benign; the main liquid degradation products are bibenzyls, and the main gaseous degradation products are hydrogen and methane. A cold trap to remove gaseous degradation products from the condenser is necessary for extended operation. 21 figs., 22 tabs.

Reciprocating Expanders for Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Applications

Reciprocating Expanders for Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Applications
A Book

by Ilaria Guarracino

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The current trend for ever increasing energy prices acts as an important driver for improved efficiency via novel heat integration and energy generation schemes. This project is concerned with small-scale Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) engines for power generation, primarily for use in the domestic sector and in small industrial plants, in conjunction with solar collection and/or waste heat recovery. The reciprocating expander is a low-cost, low-maintenance, and readily available prime mover option for these engines, with promising performance characteristics (e.g. efficiency). An experimental test-bed is devised to study the efficiency and performance of a reciprocating piston-expander, operating with working fluids such as R245fa. This test-bed has a thermal power output of up to 20kWth giving a maximum mechanical output of 3kWe, with the inlet pressure of the working fluid limited to 10 bar. The tested expander is based on a commercially available unit intended for air compression applications, and is reconditioned for the purposes of the present test. Special consideration was given to the development of the expander valves. In addition basic cycle analysis and optimization is conducted.

Solar Hydrogen Production

Solar Hydrogen Production
Processes, Systems and Technologies

by Francesco Calise,Massimo Dentice D’Accadia,Massimo Santarelli,Andrea Lanzini,Domenico Ferrero

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-08-15
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 0128148543
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solar Hydrogen Production: Processes, Systems and Technologies presents the most recent developments in solar-driven hydrogen generation methods. The book covers different hydrogen production routes, from renewable sources, to solar harvesting technologies. Sections focus on solar energy, presenting the main thermal and electrical technologies suitable for possible integration into solar-based hydrogen production systems and present a thorough examination of solar hydrogen technologies, ranging from solar-driven water electrolysis and solar thermal methods, to photo-catalytic and biological processes. All hydrogen-based technologies are covered, including data regarding the state-of-the art of each process in terms of costs, efficiency, measured parameters, experimental analyses, and demonstration projects. In the last part of the book, the role of hydrogen in the integration of renewable sources in electric grids, transportation sector, and end-user applications is assessed, considering their current status and future perspectives. The book includes performance data, tables, models and references to available standards. It is thus a key-resource for engineering researchers and scientists, in both academic and industrial contexts, involved in designing, planning and developing solar hydrogen systems. Offers a comprehensive overview of conventional and advanced solar hydrogen technologies, including simulation models, cost figures, R&D projects, demonstration projects, test standards, and safety and handling issues Encompasses, in a single volume, information on solar energy and hydrogen systems Includes detailed economic data on each technology for feasibility assessment of different systems

Modeling and Simulation of Energy Systems

Modeling and Simulation of Energy Systems
A Book

by Thomas A. Adams II

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-11-06
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN : 3039215183
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy Systems Engineering is one of the most exciting and fastest growing fields in engineering. Modeling and simulation plays a key role in Energy Systems Engineering because it is the primary basis on which energy system design, control, optimization, and analysis are based. This book contains a specially curated collection of recent research articles on the modeling and simulation of energy systems written by top experts around the world from universities and research labs, such as Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale University, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, National Energy Technology Laboratory of the US Department of Energy, University of Technology Sydney, McMaster University, Queens University, Purdue University, the University of Connecticut, Technical University of Denmark, the University of Toronto, Technische Universität Berlin, Texas A&M, the University of Pennsylvania, and many more. The key research themes covered include energy systems design, control systems, flexible operations, operational strategies, and systems analysis. The addressed areas of application include electric power generation, refrigeration cycles, natural gas liquefaction, shale gas treatment, concentrated solar power, waste-to-energy systems, micro-gas turbines, carbon dioxide capture systems, energy storage, petroleum refinery unit operations, Brayton cycles, to name but a few.

Exergetic, Energetic and Environmental Dimensions

Exergetic, Energetic and Environmental Dimensions
A Book

by Ibrahim Dincer,Can Ozgur Colpan,Onder Kizilkan

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-06
  • Pages : 1116
  • ISBN : 0128137355
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited book looks at recent studies on interdisciplinary research related to exergy, energy, and the environment. This topic is of prime significance – there is a strong need for practical solutions through better design, analysis and assessment in order to achieve better efficiency, environment and sustainability. Exergetic, Energetic and Environmental Dimensions covers a number of topics ranging from thermodynamic optimization of energy systems, to the environmental impact assessment and clean energy, offering readers a comprehensive reference on analysis, modeling, development, experimental investigation, and improvement of many micro to macro systems and applications, ranging from basic to advanced categories. Its comprehensive content includes: Comprehensive coverage of development of systems considering exergy, energy, and environmental issues, along with the most up-to-date information in the area, plus recent developments New developments in the area of exergy, including recent debate involving the shaping of future directions and priorities for better environment, sustainable development and energy security Provides a number of illustrative examples, practical applications, and case studies Introduces recently developed technological and strategic solutions and engineering applications for professionals in the area Provides numerous engineering examples and applications on exergy Offers a variety of problems that foster critical thinking and skill development