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Origins of Human Innovation and Creativity

Origins of Human Innovation and Creativity
A Book

by Scott Elias

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN : 0444538216
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Innovation and creativity are two of the key characteristics that distinguish cultural transmission from biological transmission. This book explores a number of questions concerning the nature and timing of the origins of human creativity. What were the driving factors in the development of new technologies? What caused the stasis in stone tool technological innovation in the Early Pleistocene? Were there specific regions and episodes of enhanced technological development, or did it occur at a steady pace where ancestral humans lived? The authors are archaeologists who address these questions, armed with data from ancient artefacts such as shell beads used as jewelry, primitive musical instruments, and sophisticated techniques required to fashion certain kinds of stone into tools. Providing 'state of art' discussions that step back from the usual archaeological publications that focus mainly on individual site discoveries, this book presents the full picture on how and why creativity in Middle to Late Pleistocene archeology/anthropology evolved. Gives a full, original and multidisciplinary perspective on how and why creativity evolved in the Middle to Late Pleistocene Enhances our understanding of the big leaps forward in creativity at certain times Assesses the intellectual creativity of Homo erectus, H. neanderthalensis, and H. sapiens via their artefacts

The Origins of Creativity

The Origins of Creativity
A Book

by Edward O. Wilson

  • Publisher : Liveright Publishing
  • Release : 2017-10-03
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1631493191
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Brimming with ideas. . . . The Origins of Creativity approach[es] creativity scientifically but sensitively, feeling its roots without pulling them out.”—Economist In a stirring exploration of human nature recalling his foundational work Consilience, Edward O. Wilson offers a “luminous” (Kirkus Reviews) reflection on the humanities and their integral relationship to science. Both endeavors, Wilson argues, have their roots in human creativity—the defining trait of our species. By studying fields as diverse as paleontology, evolution, and neurobiology, Wilson demonstrates that creative expression began not 10,000 years ago, as we have long assumed, but more than 100,000 years ago in the Paleolithic Age. A provocative investigation into what it means to be human, The Origins of Creativity reveals how the humanities have played an unexamined role in defining our species. With the eloquence, optimism, and pioneering inquiry we have come to expect from our leading biologist, Wilson proposes a transformational “Third Enlightenment” in which the blending of science and humanities will enable a deeper understanding of our human condition, and how it ultimately originated.

The Origin of Ideas

The Origin of Ideas
Blending, Creativity, and the Human Spark

by Mark Turner

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2014-03
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 019998882X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Humans are unique among all other species in having one cognitive attribute-the ability, almost without conscious effort, to engage in blending. This is the first book that brings the theory of blending to a wide audience and shows how blending is at the heart of the origin of ideas.

Creativity

Creativity
The Human Brain in the Age of Innovation

by Elkhonon Goldberg

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 0190466499
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Creativity: The Human Brain in the Age of Innovation is about creativity, one of the most cherished and mysterious manifestations of the human mind, and what it is in the human brain and its interaction with culture, that allows us to expand how we think about things, generate new knowledge,and to explore unchartered territories. Based on a growing body of scientific literature, Elkhonon Goldberg points to several brain structures and processes that are involved in the creative process: the frontal lobes, the right and left hemispheres and their respective contributions, subcorticalstructures, various biochemical systems, and intricate neural network processes that work in concert for the creative act to happen. To that end, he discusses the brain mechanisms of deciding what is important and what is not; of confronting cognitive novelty; and the marshalling of previouslyacquired knowledge to generate new insights culminating in a creative product.An active researcher neuroscientist and clinician neuropsychologist, who also has a keen interest in history, Elkhonon Goldberg offers an original, and arguably the first coherent account of how multiple brain mechanisms come together in order to culminate in the creative act. While a large body ofscientific material is discussed, the book offers much more than a mere review. It presents a novel understanding of how the creative process takes place, and is full of original insights challenging current assumptions and theories.

Mobilities and Human Possibility

Mobilities and Human Possibility
A Book

by Vlad Petre Glăveanu

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 303052082X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explaining Creativity

Explaining Creativity
The Science of Human Innovation

by R. Keith Sawyer

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2006-01-19
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 0199882967
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explaining Creativity is an accessible introduction to the latest scientific research on creativity. In the last 50 yearss, psychologists, anthropologists, and sociologists have increasingly studied creativity, and we now know more about creativity that at any point in history. Explaining Creativity considers not only arts like painting and writing, but also science, stage performance, and business innovation. Until about a decade ago, creativity researchers tended to focus on highly valued activities like fine art painting and Nobel prize winning science. Sawyer brings this research up to date by including movies, music videos, cartoons, videogames, hypertext fiction, and computer technology. For example, this is the first book on creativity to include studies of performance and improvisation. Sawyer draws on the latest research findings to show the importance of collaboration and context in all of these creative activities. Today's science of creativity is interdisciplinary; in addition to psychological studies of creativity, Explaining Creativity includes research by anthropologists on creativity in non-Western cultures, and research by sociologists about the situations, contexts, and networks of creative activity. Explaining Creativity brings these approaches together within the sociocultural approach to creativity pioneered by Howard Becker, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi and Howard Gardner. The sociocultural approach moves beyond the individual to consider the social and cultural contexts of creativity, emphasizing the role of collaboration and context in the creative process.

Where Good Ideas Come From

Where Good Ideas Come From
A Book

by Steven Johnson

  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release : 2010-10-05
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1101444207
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Look out for Johnson’s new book, Wonderland, now on sale. The printing press, the pencil, the flush toilet, the battery--these are all great ideas. But where do they come from? What kind of environment breeds them? What sparks the flash of brilliance? How do we generate the breakthrough technologies that push forward our lives, our society, our culture? Steven Johnson's answers are revelatory as he identifies the seven key patterns behind genuine innovation, and traces them across time and disciplines. From Darwin and Freud to the halls of Google and Apple, Johnson investigates the innovation hubs throughout modern time and pulls out the approaches and commonalities that seem to appear at moments of originality.

The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity

The Cambridge Handbook of Creativity
A Book

by James C. Kaufman,Robert J. Sternberg

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-03-31
  • Pages : 754
  • ISBN : 1107188482
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The largest and broadest-ranging Handbook of creativity yet, presenting comprehensive, rigorous, and up-to-date scientific scholarship on creativity.

The Innovator's DNA

The Innovator's DNA
Mastering the Five Skills of Disruptive Innovators

by Jeff Dyer,Hal Gregersen,Clayton M. Christensen

  • Publisher : Harvard Business Press
  • Release : 2011-07-12
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 142214271X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A new classic, cited by leaders and media around the globe as a highly recommended read for anyone interested in innovation. In The Innovator’s DNA, authors Jeffrey Dyer, Hal Gregersen, and bestselling author Clayton Christensen (The Innovator’s Dilemma, The Innovator’s Solution, How Will You Measure Your Life?) build on what we know about disruptive innovation to show how individuals can develop the skills necessary to move progressively from idea to impact. By identifying behaviors of the world’s best innovators—from leaders at Amazon and Apple to those at Google, Skype, and Virgin Group—the authors outline five discovery skills that distinguish innovative entrepreneurs and executives from ordinary managers: Associating, Questioning, Observing, Networking, and Experimenting. Once you master these competencies (the authors provide a self-assessment for rating your own innovator’s DNA), the authors explain how to generate ideas, collaborate to implement them, and build innovation skills throughout the organization to result in a competitive edge. This innovation advantage will translate into a premium in your company’s stock price—an innovation premium—which is possible only by building the code for innovation right into your organization’s people, processes, and guiding philosophies. Practical and provocative, The Innovator’s DNA is an essential resource for individuals and teams who want to strengthen their innovative prowess.

Human Accomplishment

Human Accomplishment
The Pursuit of Excellence in the Arts and Sciences, 800 B.C. to 1950

by Charles Murray

  • Publisher : Harper Collins
  • Release : 2009-10-13
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN : 0061745677
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A sweeping cultural survey reminiscent of Barzun's From Dawn to Decadence. "At irregular times and in scattered settings, human beings have achieved great things. Human Accomplishment is about those great things, falling in the domains known as the arts and sciences, and the people who did them.' So begins Charles Murray's unique account of human excellence, from the age of Homer to our own time. Employing techniques that historians have developed over the last century but that have rarely been applied to books written for the general public, Murray compiles inventories of the people who have been essential to the stories of literature, music, art, philosophy, and the sciences—a total of 4,002 men and women from around the world, ranked according to their eminence. The heart of Human Accomplishment is a series of enthralling descriptive chapters: on the giants in the arts and what sets them apart from the merely great; on the differences between great achievement in the arts and in the sciences; on the meta-inventions, 14 crucial leaps in human capacity to create great art and science; and on the patterns and trajectories of accomplishment across time and geography. Straightforwardly and undogmatically, Charles Murray takes on some controversial questions. Why has accomplishment been so concentrated in Europe? Among men? Since 1400? He presents evidence that the rate of great accomplishment has been declining in the last century, asks what it means, and offers a rich framework for thinking about the conditions under which the human spirit has expressed itself most gloriously. Eye-opening and humbling, Human Accomplishment is a fascinating work that describes what humans at their best can achieve, provides tools for exploring its wellsprings, and celebrates the continuing common quest of humans everywhere to discover truths, create beauty, and apprehend the good.

Numbers and the Making of Us

Numbers and the Making of Us
Counting and the Course of Human Cultures

by Caleb Everett

  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 2017-03-13
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0674979141
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Number concepts are a human invention developed and refined over millennia. They allow us to grasp quantities precisely: recent research shows that most specific quantities are not perceived in the absence of a number system. Numbers are not innate or universal; yet without them, the world as we know it would not exist.

The Psychology of Human Possibility and Constraint

The Psychology of Human Possibility and Constraint
A Book

by Jack Martin,Jeff Sugarman

  • Publisher : SUNY Press
  • Release : 1999-04-01
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9780791441244
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Resolves the fundamental debate between cognitivists and social constructionists concerning the metaphysics of human psychology, and offers new insights into therapy, education, and creativity.

Creativity and Innovation in Business and Beyond

Creativity and Innovation in Business and Beyond
Social Science Perspectives and Policy Implications

by Leon Mann,Janet Chan

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2011-05-04
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1136840648
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Creativity and Innovation in Business and Beyond illustrates the ways in which creativity spurs innovation – not only in the realms of business and management, where the innovation is regularly acknowledged and discussed, but throughout the social sciences. With contributions from experts in fields as far-flung as policy, history, economics, law, psychology, and education, in addition to business and management, this volume explores the manifold avenues for creativity and innovation within and across a multitude of disciplines.

Life Finds a Way

Life Finds a Way
Mapping the Origins of Creativity

by Andreas Wagner

  • Publisher : Oneworld Publications
  • Release : 2019-07-04
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1786076160
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Darwin’s theory of evolution was a monumental achievement, but there was much he did not know. In his ‘survival of the fittest’ model each step must go forward, life always progressing up the slope towards an evolutionary peak. There is no turning back. So what happens when there is more than one slope, and life finds itself on the wrong one? World-leading biologist Andreas Wagner reveals that life does not, as Darwin believed, only walk – it also leaps. Drawing on pioneering research, Wagner explores life’s creative process and how, with all the stops and starts, and knowing that sometimes things have to get worse before they get better, it bears a striking resemblance to how we humans work. A beguiling symmetry links Picasso struggling through forty versions of Guernica and the way evolution transformed a dinosaur’s claw into a condor’s wing. This new understanding is already revolutionising our approach to problem-solving across the sciences. In the near future, applied in spheres as diverse as the economy and education, it will enable us to do so much more. Thought-provoking and deeply hopeful, Life Finds a Way reminds us that no matter how many times we have to turn back, we can still reach the highest peaks.

Smart Clothing

Smart Clothing
Technology and Applications

by Gilsoo Cho

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2009-12-23
  • Pages : 287
  • ISBN : 9781420088533
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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GPS-embedded clothing for finding children or skiers when they are lost, bio-monitoring smart shirts, and vests that monitor a patient’s vital signs are no longer science fiction but science fact. It is quite likely that within 20 or 30 years, computers, telephones, and televisions will be a part of our intimate clothing. Covering the whole design cycle of smart clothes, Smart Clothing: Technology and Applications examines applications for the general public and highlights the important human factors aspects that make products not only usable but marketable. The book discusses the state of the art in smart clothing technology and applications. The chapters address usability and human aspects relevant to the manufacture and sale of such products and detail the evolving and increasingly wide-ranging applications in fields such as information technology, healthcare, and entertainment. They also cover technology topics including interface, communication, energy supply, data management, processors, and actuators. Discussions of packaging and interconnection, shape memory alloy, and design and modeling of electronic textile applications round out the coverage. With technology news blaring headlines such as Smart Clothing Coming Soon to Your Galaxy and Futuristic Fashions Will Fight Our Health Scares, can clothing that communicates with your washer and dryer be far behind? It is not enough to understand the technology, you must also grasp the human factor aspects. Identifying the challenges and potential benefits of smart clothing from both perspectives, this book provides integrated coverage that establishes the need for methods significantly different from traditional ones. Its up-to-date coverage allows you to visualize trends and provides a glimpse into the future.

Vassouras, a Brazilian Coffee County, 1850-1900

Vassouras, a Brazilian Coffee County, 1850-1900
The Roles of Planter and Slave in a Plantation Society

by Stanley J. Stein

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 9780691022369
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Originally published: Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1957.

Political Elites in a Democracy

Political Elites in a Democracy
A Book

by Peter Bachrach

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-07-05
  • Pages : 175
  • ISBN : 1351498932
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the potentially explosive issues of the modern era is a vast and growing disparity between the overwhelming predominance of elites in the decision-making process and the democratic ideal that people should participate in making decisions that vitally affect them. In this book an impressive array of political theorists offer conflicting views on the form of democratic elitism practiced in the United States.Defining the political elite as "the power holders of the body politic," Harold Lasswell explains that the division into elite and mass is universal, while Robert Dahl confirms that key political, economic, and social decisions are indeed made by these tiny minorities. Paul Good man argues that we are now in a period of excessive centralization that he regards as "economically inefficient, technologically unnecessary, and humanly damaging." From another standpoint, Herbert Marcuse calls for a struggle against the ideology of tolerance husbanded by the political elites in this country and Jack L. Walker contends that elitist theory has provided an unconvincing explanation of the widespread political apathy in American society.As the events of recent decades vividly demonstrate, a growing number of people refuse to recognize elite rule. This many-sided work puts before the student a variety of strongly held opinions regarding the place and function of the political elite and its power. The wide range of authoritative articles makes Political Elites in a Democracy a most useful addition to every course in political science that touches on the subject of elites and political power.

Shaping Humanity

Shaping Humanity
How Science, Art, and Imagination Help Us Understand Our Origins

by John Gurche

  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release : 2013-11-26
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN : 0300182023
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Describes the process by which the author uses knowledge of fossil discoveries and comparative ape and human anatomy to create forensically accurate representations of human beings' ancient ancestors.

Dangerous Enthusiasms

Dangerous Enthusiasms
E-government, Computer Failure and Information System Development

by Robin Gauld,Shaun Goldfinch,Tony Dale

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9781877372346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Information and technology that supports its collection, communication and analysis is a core concern of modern government, making 'e-government' (electronically enabled government) fundamental to the ongoing 'reinvention' of public administration. The spending of public money is always intriguing and perhaps money spent on ICT has been the most intriguing of all, with some spectacular failures costing millions. This book is written for a general audience and takes a critical look at policies, problems and prospects for e-government in a series of case studies. Why have ICT failures in the public sector occurred and what lessons do they provide for the future?

The Dawn of Human Culture

The Dawn of Human Culture
A Book

by Richard G. Klein

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2002-11-06
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0471449318
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A bold new theory on what sparked the "big bang" of human culture The abrupt emergence of human culture over a stunningly short period continues to be one of the great enigmas of human evolution. This compelling book introduces a bold new theory on this unsolved mystery. Author Richard Klein reexamines the archaeological evidence and brings in new discoveries in the study of the human brain. These studies detail the changes that enabled humans to think and behave in far more sophisticated ways than before, resulting in the incredibly rapid evolution of new skills. Richard Klein has been described as "the premier anthropologist in the country today" by Evolutionary Anthropology. Here, he and coauthor Blake Edgar shed new light on the full story of a truly fascinating period of evolution. Richard G. Klein, PhD (Palo Alto, CA), is a Professor of Anthropology at Stanford University. He is the author of the definitive academic book on the subject of the origins of human culture, The Human Career. Blake Edgar (San Francisco, CA) is the coauthor of the very successful From Lucy to Language, with Dr. Donald Johanson. He has written extensively for Discover, GEO, and numerous other magazines.