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Osmosis Engineering

Osmosis Engineering
A Book

by Nidal Hilal,Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Mohamed Khayet Souhaimi,Daniel Johnson

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-04-01
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN : 0128231882
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Osmosis Engineering provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art surrounding osmosis based research and industrial applications. The book covers the underpinning theories, technology developments and commercial applications. Sections discuss innovative and advanced membranes and modules for osmosis separation processes (e.g., reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, pressure retarded osmosis, osmotic membrane distillation), different application of these osmosis separation processes for energy and water separation, such as the treatment of radioactive waste, oily wastewater and heavy metal removal, draw solutions, pretreatment technologies, fouling effects, the use of renewable energy driven osmotic processes, computational, environmental and economic studies, and more. Covers state-of-the-art osmotic engineering technologies and applications Presents multidisciplinary topics in engineered osmosis, including both fundamental and applied EO concepts Includes major challenges such as fouling mitigation, membrane development, pre-treatment and energy usage

Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis
Design, Processes, and Applications for Engineers

by Jane Kucera

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-09-20
  • Pages : 393
  • ISBN : 1118211448
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of reverse osmosis in industrial applications. Reverse osmosis is rapidly growing as a water treatment technology used for many applications, such as boiler feed water and recovering wastwater for reuse. This "green" technology is becoming more and more widely used in many settings, especially in industry. Even as the technology becomes more widespread, the understanding of the technology is lagging behind. Reverse Osmosis provides an essential reference for any process or chemical engineer working with this emergent technology. This outstanding reference: Provides a comprehensive and thorough coverage of reverse osmosis technology Discusses fundamental processes and equipment for operating and troubleshooting a reverse osmosis system, such as reverse osmosis principles, membrane technology, and flow patterns Covers more advanced engieering topics for specific industrial applications, such as system design Features clear, consise language written in easy-to-understand language, providing engineers immediate ability to implement a reverse osmosis program

Constructive Engineering of Large Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants

Constructive Engineering of Large Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants

by Author: Pedro Maria Gonzalez Olabarria

  • Publisher : Chemical Publishing Company
  • Release : 2015-11-02
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 0820602086
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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1. REVERSE OSMOSIS BASIC CONCEPTS - 2. FEED WATER TYPE AND ANALYSIS - 3. RAW WATER REQUIREMENTS - 4. SEA WATER INTAKE - 5. SEA WATER DOSING SYSTEMS - 6. REVERSE OSMOSIS PRETREATMENT CONVENTIONAL PRETREATMENT - 7. REVERSE OSMOSIS PRETREATMENT MICROFILTRATION and ULTRAFILTRATION - 8. MATERIALS - 9. REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANES - 10. PRESSURE VESSELS AND RACKS - 11. REVERSE OSMOSIS PUMPS - 12. RECOVERY SYSTEMS - 13. REVERSE OSMOSIS RACKS CONTROL - 14. REVERSE OSMOSIS RACKS EQUIPMENT - 15. RACKS CLEANING SYSTEM and FLUSHING - 16. TREATED WATER CONDITIONING - 17. TREATED WATER DEPOSIT AND PUMPING - 18. NEUTRALIZATION, EFFLUENTS TREATMENT AND BRINE DISCHARGE - 19. ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT - 20. CONTROL SYSTEMS - 21. VARIOUS EQUIPMENT - 22. COST EVALUATION OF DESALINATION PLANTS - BISAC: 1: TEC005050 Technology & Engineering : Construction - HVAC 2: TEC009070 Technology & Engineering : Mechanical 3: TEC010030 Technology & Engineering : Environmental - Water Supply

Engineering and Economic Evaluation Study of Reverse Osmosis

Engineering and Economic Evaluation Study of Reverse Osmosis
A Book

by United States. Office of Saline Water

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1969
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis
Industrial Processes and Applications

by Jane Kucera

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-05-22
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1119145783
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new edition of the bestselling Reverse Osmosis isthe most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the process ofreverse osmosis in industrial applications, a technology that isbecoming increasingly more important as more and more companieschoose to “go green.” This book covers all of theprocesses and equipment necessary to design, operate, andtroubleshoot reverse osmosis systems, from the fundamentalprinciples of reverse osmosis technology and membranes to the muchmore advanced engineering principles necessary for designing areverse osmosis system. The second edition is an enhanced version of the original bestseller. Each chapter has been reviewed and updated. Revised features include more detail on various pretreatmenttechniques such as greensand and pyrolusite pretreatmentmedia. The design projection chapter has been edited toinclude up-to-date information on current projectionprograms. A new section on microbial fouling controlfeaturing chlorine and alternative techniques is included toaddress the needs of most RO systems. Also, a discussion onforward osmosis is added as an alternative and/or companiontechnology to reverse osmosis for water treatment. The secondedition includes all updated, basic, in-depth information fordesign, operation, and optimization of reverse osmosissystems. Earlier chapters cover the basic principles, the history ofreverse osmosis, basic terms and definitions, and essentialequipment. The book then goes into pretreatment processes andsystem design, then, finally, operations and troubleshooting. The author includes a section on the impact of other membranetechnologies and even includes a “Frequently AskedQuestions” chapter.

A Study of Electro-osmosis as Applied to Drilling Engineering

A Study of Electro-osmosis as Applied to Drilling Engineering
A Book

by Peringandoor Raman Hariharan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Navy Civil Engineer

Navy Civil Engineer
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1969
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis
A Guide for the Nonengineering Professional

by Frank R. Spellman

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2015-08-05
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 1498727530
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For the Nonengineering Professional Perfect for anyone without a background in science or engineering who wants to take a closer look at how water is processed and treated, Reverse Osmosis: A Guide for the Nonengineering Professional relates reverse osmosis in its most basic form and addresses growing concerns about the quality of tap water. What is reverse osmosis? Not to be confused with filtration—which involves straining or size exclusion—reverse osmosis involves a diffusive mechanism and separation process that is dependent on solute concentration, pressure, and the water flux rate. This book describes all of the basic processes involved in reverse osmosis operations. Presented in a conversational style—using jargon-free language—it discusses in detail the drinking water purification, wastewater reuse, desalination processes, and other freshwater applications used to ensure the safe consumption of water. The book also places special emphasis on pharmaceuticals and personal care product (PPCP) contaminants, which are not typically removed from wastewater by conventional treatment processes, however, they can be removed by processes using sophisticated membrane filtration. The author provides a basic understanding of membrane technology, and explains the membrane treatment process. He details how the processes fit together within a drinking water or wastewater treatment system and presents concepts that make up water and wastewater treatment processes as a whole. He also highlights advances in reverse osmosis technology and discusses relevant applications. Presents a comprehensive coverage of reverse osmosis Discusses fundamental processes and equipment used in reverse osmosis Provides technical terminology in simplified form Reverse Osmosis: A Guide for the Nonengineering Professional explains how reverse osmosis is used in drinking water purification and provides readers with step-by-step instruction on the pretreatment, treatment, and post-treatment technology used in the purification of drinking water.

Forward Osmosis

Forward Osmosis
Fundamentals and Applications

by Ho Kyong Shon,Sherub Phuntsho,Tian C. Zhang,Rao Y. Surampalli

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015-08
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780784414071
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Engineering and Design

Engineering and Design
Design of Small Water Systems

by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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U.S. Government Research & Development Reports

U.S. Government Research & Development Reports
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1970
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Accession Bulletin

Accession Bulletin
Solid Waste Information Retrieval System

by United States. Solid Waste Management Office

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1971
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Accession Bulletin

Accession Bulletin
Solid Waste Information Retrieval System

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1971
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wastewater Treatment by Reverse Osmosis Process

Wastewater Treatment by Reverse Osmosis Process
State of the Art & Process Modelling

by Mudhar Al-Obaidi,Chakib Kara-Zaitri,I. M. Mujtaba

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-02-25
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 100003075X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wastewater Treatment by Reverse Osmosis Process provides a one-stop-shop for reverse osmosis (RO), outlining its scope and limitations for the removal of organic compounds from wastewater. This book covers the state-of-the-art on RO processes and describes ten RO process models of different features and complexities. It also covers the advanced model-based techniques for RO process operations, including various rigorous methods for process modelling, simulation, and optimization at the lowest energy cost, as well as advanced tools such as genetic algorithms for achieving the same. • Highlights different types of physico–chemical and biological wastewater treatment methods including hybrid systems • Provides an overview of membrane processes, focuses on different types of membrane processes for water treatment and explains characteristics of membrane modules • Introduces the importance and challenges of process modelling for simulation, design, and optimization and offers examples across various industries •Describes the concept of different types of genetic algorithms for process optimisation and provides the state-of-the art of the GA method in terms of its application in water desalination and wastewater treatment •Emphasizes economic aspects of RO processes for wastewater treatment With its focus on the challenges posed by an increasing demand for fresh water and the urgent need to recycle wastewater at minimum cost, this work is an invaluable resource for engineers and scientists working within the field of wastewater treatment.

Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis
A Book

by S. Sourirajan

  • Publisher : New York : Academic Press
  • Release : 1970
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The reverse osmosis process is discussed with particular reference to systems involving aqueous solutions and Loeb-Sourirajan-type porous cellulose acetate membranes. Mechanisms of the process and porous cellulose acetate membrane technology are briefly reviewed. Based on a general capillary diffusion model for the transport of solvent and solute through the membrane, transport equations applicable for the entire range of solute separation are presented. The results of the analysis and correlations of experimental reverse osmosis data are illustrated. On the basis of the above equations and correlations, methods of membrane specification, expressing membrane selectivity, and predicting membrane performance are outlined. Reverse osmosis is then treated as a unit operation in chemical engineering. A set of general equations for reverse osmosis process design is then derived for reverse osmosis systems specified in terms of membrane specifications and operating conditions. (Author).

Encyclopedia of Environmental Science and Engineering

Encyclopedia of Environmental Science and Engineering
A Book

by James R. Pfafflin,Edward N. Ziegler

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 1254
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis
A Book

by Fauzi Ismail,Kailash Chandra Khulbe,Takeshi Matsuura

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-10-22
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 0128115394
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reverse Osmosis starts with an overview of the historic development of the RO membrane, the RO process, and its effect on other membrane separation processes. Other chapters cover the development of nanocomposites of TFC membranes and modern membrane characterization techniques, such as TEM, AFM and PALS, the RO membrane transport model, and RO membrane fouling. The book also describes, in detail, experimental methods for setting up RO experiments, RO membrane modules, RO membrane systems, and desalination and water treatment by RO. Applications in food, pharmaceutical, chemical, biochemical, petroleum and petrochemical industries are also summarized. Other sections cover the development of RO membranes with high thermal and chemical stability, attempts to develop polymeric or inorganic membranes, and hybrid processes where RO is combined with forward osmosis (FO) or membrane distillation (MD). Written by renowned experts in the field who have complementary expertise Provides an in-depth discussion of reverse osmosis transport based on nano-level membrane structure Comprehensively reviews recent progresses in novel reverse osmosis membrane development

Environmental Engineering

Environmental Engineering
A Chemical Engineering Discipline

by G. Lindner,K. Nyberg

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 449
  • ISBN : 9401026084
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chemistry and its products today play an important role in almost all industrial ac tivities. Chemistry has captured our homes. We are supplied with new articles in an ever-increasing stream. New uses are being discovered. Old products disappear. Continuing and fast expansion is expected for the chemical industry in its proper sense. The reason for this is, of course, that chemistry has created products which meet requirements that we consider urgent or which in different ways make work easier, and make us more efficient, thereby increasing our standard of living in a wide sense: in terms of money, more spare time, social security, better education and better public health services. But a high standard of living also implies a good living environment. A lot of what has been done in praiseworthy aspiration of a better means of support and an im proved standard of living has involved a wasting of non-renewable natural resources. The products themselves or their waste products may pose a threat to the objectives we are trying to attain.

Chemical Economy & Engineering Review

Chemical Economy & Engineering Review
CEER.

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Controlling Biofouling in Seawater Reverse Osmosis Membrane Systems

Controlling Biofouling in Seawater Reverse Osmosis Membrane Systems
A Book

by Nirajan Dhakal

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-12-01
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1351056093
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seawater desalination is a rapidly growing coastal industry that is increasingly threatened by algal blooms. Depending on the severity of algal blooms, desalination systems may be forced to shut down because of clogging and/or poor feed water quality. To maintain stable operation and provide good feed water quality to seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) systems, ultrafiltration (UF) pre-treatment is proposed. This research focused on assessing the ability of UF and other pre-treatment technologies to reduce biofouling in SWRO systems. An improved method to measure bacterial regrowth potential (BRP) was developed and applied at laboratory, pilot and full scale to assess the ability of conventional UF (150 kDa) and tight UF (10 kDa) alone and in combination with a phosphate adsorbent to reduce regrowth potential and delay the onset of biofouling in SWRO. The improved bacterial regrowth potential method employs a natural consortium of marine bacteria as inoculum and flow cytometry. The limit of detection of the BRP method was lowered to 43,000 ± 12,000 cells/mL, which is equivalent to 9.3 ± 2.6 μg-Cglucose/L. The reduction in bacterial regrowth potential after tight UF (10 kDa) was 3 to 4 times higher than with conventional UF (150 kDa). It was further reduced after the application of a phosphate adsorbent, independent of pore size of the UF membrane. Pilot studies demonstrated that the application of tight UF (10 kDa) coupled with a phosphate adsorbent consistently lowered the bacterial regrowth potential and no feed channel pressure drop increase was observed in membrane fouling simulators (MFS) over a period of 21 days. The study also showed that non-backwashable fouling of UF membranes varied strongly with the type of algal species and the algal organic matter (AOM) they release. The presence of polysaccharide (stretching -OH) and sugar ester groups (stretching S=O) was the main cause of non-backwashable fouling. In conclusion, this study showed that an improved BRP method is suitable for the assessment of SWRO pre-treatment systems and it can be a useful tool to develop potential strategies to mitigate biofouling and improve the sustainability of SWRO systems.