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Palaeobiology of Giant Flightless Birds

Palaeobiology of Giant Flightless Birds
A Book

by Delphine Angst,Eric Buffetaut

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-11-16
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 0081011431
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The fossil record of giant flightless birds extends back to the Late Cretaceous, more than 70 million years ago, but our understanding of these extinct birds is still incomplete. This is partly because the number of specimens available is sometimes limited, but also because widely different approaches have been used to study them, with sometimes contradictory results. This book summarizes the current knowledge of the paleobiology of seven groups of giant flightless birds: Dinornithiformes, Aepyornithiformes, Dromornithidae, Phorusrhacidae, Brontornithidae, Gastornithidae and Gargantuavis. The first chapter presents the global diversity of these birds and reviews the tools and methods used to study their paleobiology. Chapters 2 to 8 are each dedicated to one of the seven groups of extinct birds. Finally, a conclusion offers a global synthesis of the information presented in the book in an attempt to define a common evolutionary model. Focuses on the giant flightless birds that evolved independently in different parts of the world since the Cretaceous period Covers a number of different families with different evolutionary histories, providing a source of interesting comparisons Provides emphasis on the palaeobiology of these birds, including their evolution, adaptations, mode of life, ecology and extinction

Life through the Ages II

Life through the Ages II
Twenty-First Century Visions of Prehistory

by Mark P. Witton

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 2020-04-07
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN : 0253048141
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What was life like on our planet long before the early humans emerged? Paleontologist Dr. Mark P. Witton draws on the latest twenty-first century discoveries to re-create the appearances and lifestyles of extinct, fascinating species, the environments they inhabited, and the challenges they faced living on an ever-changing planet. A worthy successor to Charles Knight's beloved 1946 classic, Life through the Ages II takes us on an unforgettable journey through the evolution of life on Earth. Dozens of gorgeous color illustrations and meticulously researched, accompanying commentary showcase the succession of lost worlds, defining events, and ancient creatures that have appeared since the earth was formed, creating an indispensable guide to explore what came before us.

Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology

Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1969
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Magnificent Mihirungs

Magnificent Mihirungs
The Colossal Flightless Birds of the Australian Dreamtime

by Peter F. Murray,Patricia Vickers-Rich

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 410
  • ISBN : 9780253342829
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first major study of the Dromornithids, the extinct gigantic "geese" of Australia

Dragons in the Dust

Dragons in the Dust
The Paleobiology of the Giant Monitor Lizard Megalania

by Ralph E. Molnar

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 9780253343741
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What caused their extinction remains a mystery, and one that makes an intriguing conclusion to this look at a true dragon of the past."--Jacket.

Romancing the Birds and Dinosaurs

Romancing the Birds and Dinosaurs
Forays in Postmodern Paleontology

by Alan Feduccia

  • Publisher : BrownWalker Press
  • Release : 2020-10-15
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1599426064
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Birds and dinosaurs have dominated human interest for decades. In this well-supported revolutionary view of the field, critical questions are explored with credible evidence and biological thought. Are birds derived directly from advanced dinosaurs, or are they closely related dinosaur cousins? Did flight originate via the natural "gravity-assisted" trees-down model, or from the improbable “gravity-resisted” ground-up model? Were the earliest birds ground-predators or trunk-climbing gliders? Were dinosaurs hot-blooded with insulating protofeathers, or highly active, cold-blooded reptiles? These are among the questions addressed in this path-breaking book. Current consensus suggests that early birds were earth-bound and flight began on the ground. Reversing that logic, since birds are hot-blooded, by inference so too were dinosaurs, and extraordinarily complex feathers, flight brain and inner ear, evolved before flight in dinosaurs. The iconic early bird Archaeopteryx, despite innumerable flight and arboreal features, is now displayed as an earth-bound predator that could not fly. In reality, we have yet to provide satisfactory explanations for much of the biological origin and early evolution of birds. Among the questions addressed is whether truly feathered dinosaurs are in reality lost or "hidden birds?" The architectural complexity of feathers leads the author to the conclusion that if an animal has evolved extraordinarily complex, aerodynamically-designed feathers, an avian flight hand, flight membranes, and a flight brain, it's a bird. Birds and dinosaurs captivate and enchant the human imagination. These intriguing animals have dominated the field of paleontology and evolution for the past half century, engendering heated debate on avian ancestry, the origin of flight and feathers, and the biology of their fossils. Are birds living dinosaurs? In this series of entertainingly contentious and captivating essays evolutionary biologist Alan Feduccia writes with verve and humor to expose major problems in the field and advocate liberation from the shackles of consensus thinking about birds and dinosaurs. He maintains that the euphoria of paleontologists claiming to have solved the major problems of bird evolution is premature, largely generated by the adoption of a rigid, cult-like methodology, heavily blended with ideology, and excluding many biological and geological principles. He adroitly exposes and elucidates major mistakes in the field and their aftermath. Romancing the Birds and Dinosaurs is a lucid revelation of clarity and synthesis, a fascinating unveiling of the underlying science that has produced the good, but also often appalling fossil research and wild speculation in bird and dinosaur evolution. A must read for anyone interested in this rapidly evolving field, the short, concise and incisive essays provide the reader with access to this complex topic. REVIEWS and WORDS OF PRAISE In this strikingly unconventional and brilliant book, Professor Alan Feduccia presents the current status of the recent controversy about the origin of birds with clarity and vigor. A thought-provoking personal exploration of what the bird fossils represent. ---Sankar Chatterjee, Paul Whitfield Horn Distinguished Professor of Geosciences and Curator of Paleontology, Texas Tech University. Feduccia's book eloquently reminds us that consensus science is to be shied away from especially when it is used to plead special cases against basic scientific principles. The concept of “lost birds” is particularly intriguing as it defines what birds are and how special science obfuscates the simplicity of evolution. ---David A. Burnham, Associate Researcher, University of Kansas Biodiversity Institute and Natural History Museum. Based on a thorough understanding of the empirical evidence, Feduccia presents a convincing account of avian origins from their putative ancestors. ---Walter J. Bock, Professor of Evolutionary Biology, Columbia University and Research Associate, American Museum of Natural History. With candor, clear thinking, humor, and abundant evidence, Alan Feduccia’s Romancing the Birds and Dinosaurs should be mandatory reading for the countless millions who are intrigued by dinosaurs and their relatives, the birds. Feduccia points out the many empirical and logical shortcomings in the stubborn majority view that birds evolved from dinosaurs, an idea now solidly entrenched as dogma in education and popular culture. This new book will be as interesting to those who study human behavior and scientific methods as it will to students of vertebrate evolution. ---David W. Steadman, Curator of Ornithology, Professor of Biology, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida.

Avian Evolution

Avian Evolution
The Fossil Record of Birds and its Paleobiological Significance

by Gerald Mayr

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-09-08
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 1119020735
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Knowledge of the evolutionary history of birds has much improved in recent decades. Fossils from critical time periods are being described at unprecedented rates and modern phylogenetic analyses have provided a framework for the interrelationships of the extant groups. This book gives an overview of the avian fossil record and its paleobiological significance, and it is the only up-to-date textbook that covers both Mesozoic and more modern-type Cenozoic birds in some detail. The reader is introduced to key features of basal avians and the morphological transformations that have occurred in the evolution towards modern birds. An account of the Cenozoic fossil record sheds light on the biogeographic history of the extant avian groups and discusses fossils in the context of current phylogenetic hypotheses. This review of the evolutionary history of birds not only addresses students and established researchers, but it may also be a useful source of information for anyone else with an interest in the evolution of birds and a moderate background in biology and geology.

Paleobiology

Paleobiology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Noah's Ravens

Noah's Ravens
Interpreting the Makers of Tridactyl Dinosaur Footprints

by James O Farlow

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 2018-10-08
  • Pages : 750
  • ISBN : 0253037166
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How can the tracks of dinosaurs best be interpreted and used to reconstruct them? In many Mesozoic sedimentary rock formations, fossilized footprints of bipedal, three-toed (tridactyl) dinosaurs are preserved in huge numbers, often with few or no skeletons. Such tracks sometimes provide the only clues to the former presence of dinosaurs, but their interpretation can be challenging: How different in size and shape can footprints be and yet have been made by the same kind of dinosaur? How similar can they be and yet have been made by different kinds of dinosaurs? To what extent can tridactyl dinosaur footprints serve as proxies for the biodiversity of their makers? Profusely illustrated and meticulously researched, Noah’s Ravens quantitatively explores a variety of approaches to interpreting the tracks, carefully examining within-species and across-species variability in foot and footprint shape in nonavian dinosaurs and their close living relatives. The results help decipher one of the world’s most important assemblages of fossil dinosaur tracks, found in sedimentary rocks deposited in ancient rift valleys of eastern North America. Those often beautifully preserved tracks were among the first studied by paleontologists, and they were initially interpreted as having been made by big birds—one of which was jokingly identified as Noah’s legendary raven.

American Paleontologist

American Paleontologist
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia

Early Miocene Paleobiology in Patagonia
High-Latitude Paleocommunities of the Santa Cruz Formation

by Richard F. Kay,M. Susana Bargo

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-10-11
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 052119461X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive compilation of important mammalian groups of the Santa Cruz Formation fossils, for academic researchers and graduate students.

Evolutionary Paleobiology of Behavior and Coevolution

Evolutionary Paleobiology of Behavior and Coevolution
A Book

by A.J. Boucot

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 750
  • ISBN : 1483290816
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the culmination of many years of research by a scientist renowned for his work in this field. It contains a compilation of the data dealing with the known stratigraphic ranges of varied behaviors, chiefly animal with a few plant and fungal, and coevolved relations. A significant part of the data consists of ``frozen behavior'', i.e. those in which an organism has been preserved while actually ``doing'' something, as contrasted with the interpretations of behavior of an organism deduced from functional morphology, important as the latter may be. The conclusions drawn from this compilation suggest that both behaviors and coevolved relations appear infrequently, following which there is relative fixity of the relation, i.e., two rates of evolution, very rapid and essentially zero. This conclusion complies well with the author's prior conclusion that community evolution followed the same rate pattern. In fact, communities are regarded here, as in large part, expressions of both behavior and coevolved relations, rather than as random aggregates controlled almost wholly by varied, unrelated physical parameters tracked by organisms, i.e., the concept that communities have no biologic reality, being merely statistical abstractions. The book is illustrated throughout with more than 400 photographs and drawings. It will be of interest to ethologists, evolutionists, parasitologists, paleontologists, and palaeobiologists at research and post-graduate levels.

Paleognathous Birds from the Early Tertiary of the Northern Hemisphere

Paleognathous Birds from the Early Tertiary of the Northern Hemisphere
A Book

by Peter W. Houde

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Paleogene Fossil Birds

Paleogene Fossil Birds
A Book

by Gerald Mayr

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-04-21
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 9783540896289
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the present book the Paleogene fossil record of birds is detailed for the first time on a worldwide scale. I have developed the idea for such a project for several years, and think that it is an appropriate moment to present a summary of our c- rent knowledge of the early evolution of modern birds. Meanwhile not only is there a confusing diversity of fossil taxa, but also significant progress has been made concerning an understanding of the higher-level phylogeny of extant birds. Hypotheses which were not considered even a decade ago are now well supported by independent analyses of different data. In several cases these group together morphologically very different avian groups and allow a better understanding of the mosaic character distribution found in Paleogene fossil birds. The book aims at bringing some of this information together, and many of the following data are based on first-hand examination of fossil specimens.

Extinctions in Near Time

Extinctions in Near Time
Causes, Contexts, and Consequences

by Ross D.E. MacPhee,Hans-Dieter Sues

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-09
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 1475752024
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Near time" -an interval that spans the last 100,000 years or so of earth history-qualifies as a remarkable period for many reasons. From an anthropocentric point of view, the out standing feature of near time is the fact that the evolution, cultural diversification, and glob al spread of Homo sapiens have all occurred within it. From a wider biological perspective, however, the hallmark of near time is better conceived of as being one of enduring, repeat ed loss. The point is important. Despite the sense of uniqueness implicit in phrases like "the biodiversity crisis," meant to convey the notion that the present bout of extinctions is by far the worst endured in recent times, substantial losses have occurred throughout near time. In the majority of cases, these losses occurred when, and only when, people began to ex pand across areas that had never before experienced their presence. Although the explana tion for these correlations in time and space may seem obvious, it is one thing to rhetori cally observe that there is a connection between humans and recent extinctions, and quite another to demonstrate it scientifically. How should this be done? Traditionally, the study of past extinctions has fallen largely to researchers steeped in such disciplines as paleontology, systematics, and paleoecology. The evaluation of future losses, by contrast, has lain almost exclusively within the domain of conservation biolo gists. Now, more than ever, there is opportunity for overlap and sharing of information.

Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History

Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology

Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Age of Birds

The Age of Birds
A Book

by Alan Feduccia,Professor Alan Feduccia

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An authoritative examination of the evolution of birds analyzes avian anatomy from an aerodynamic perspective, recounts successful and unsuccessful evolutionary adaptations, and discusses the background and meaning of many fossil discoveries

Introduction to Palaeobiology

Introduction to Palaeobiology
General Palaeontology

by Bernhard Ziegler

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 225
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cenozoic Mammals of Land and Sea

Cenozoic Mammals of Land and Sea
Tributes to the Career of Clayton E. Ray

by Smithsonian Institution

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a volume of collected papers published to honor the career of Clayton E. Ray, now Curator Emeritus in the Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, and Curator of Late Cenozoic Mammals and of Fossil Marine Mammals in the same department for more than 30 years before his retirement in 1994. The volume includes a preface, a biography and bibliography of Clayton E. Ray, and 19 papers devoted principally to Pleistocene mammals and to fossil marine mammals. Gary Morgan describes late Pleistocene mammalian faunas from several sites in southernmost Florida and discusses the Neotropical influence in Florida's Pleistocene faunas. Richard H. Tedford describes the basicranium of the Pleistocene giant wombat Phascolonus gigas Owen and discusses its significance in marsupial phylogenetic reconstruction. Gerardo De Iuliis and A. Gordon Edmund describe Vassallia maxima Castellanos, the only pre-Pleistocene pampathere known in which a skull and mandible are associated with osteoderms; the range of osteoderm variation in one associated individual allows them to synonymize other taxa that had been based on osteoderm differences. Paul W. Parmalee and Russell Wm. Graham report additional records of the giant beaver, Castoroides, from the mid-South. Frederick Grady, Joaquin Arroyo-Cabrales, and E. Ray Garton report the northernmost known occurrence of vampire bats in the Pleistocene of eastern North America. H. Gregory McDonald reports the second known occurrence of the badger Taxidea taxus in the Pleistocene of Kentucky and discusses the paleoecological implications of the occurrence. Jerry N. McDonald and George E. Lammers describe Bison antiquus from Ontario and discuss the evolution of bison in the Holocene of North America. Daryl P. Domning presents a new analysis and interpretation of the terrestrial posture in desmostylians. Thomas A. Demere and Annalisa Berta describe new material and present a phylogenetic analysis of the Miocene pinniped Desmatophoca oregonensis from Oregon. Irina A. Koretsky and Dan Grigorescu describe and evaluate the systematic position of the fossil monk seal Pontophoca sarmatica from the Miocene of eastern Europe. Irina A. Koretsky and Peter Holec describe a new, primitive, phocid pinniped from the early middle Miocene of Slovakia and discuss its bearing on the phylogeny and classification of pinnipeds. Irina A. Koretsky and Albert E. Sanders report remains of the oldest known phocid pinniped from the late Oligocene of South Carolina. R. Ewan Fordyce describes and discusses a bizarre archaic Oligocene dolphin from the eastern North Pacific, on which he bases a new species, genus, and subfamily. Christian de Muizon, Daryl P. Domning, and Darlene R. Ketten describe and discuss the paleobiology and behavior of an unusual walrus-convergent delphinoid cetacean from the early Pliocene of Peru. Susan D. Dawson and Michael D. Gottfried report paleopathologic conditions in a Miocene odontocete cetacean. Albert E. Sanders and Lawrence G. Barnes contribute two papers, both describing and analyzing new, primitive, cetotheriid mysticete cetaceans from the late Oligocene of South Carolina. James W. Westgate and Frank C. Whitmore, Jr., describe a new species of bowhead whale from the Pliocene Yorktown Formation in Virginia. James G. Mead and Rosemary G. Dagit present an account of the search for the 1880s manuscript of J.A. Allen's unpublished monograph on the mammalian orders Cete and Sirenia; the manuscript was not found but the 12 plates that were prepared for it are published herein