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Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments
A Book

by Vivien Gornitz

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-10-31
  • Pages : 1049
  • ISBN : 1402045514
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of Springer’s Major Reference Works, this book gives the reader a truly global perspective. It is the first major reference work in its field. Paleoclimate topics covered in the encyclopedia give the reader the capability to place the observations of recent global warming in the context of longer-term natural climate fluctuations. Significant elements of the encyclopedia include recent developments in paleoclimate modeling, paleo-ocean circulation, as well as the influence of geological processes and biological feedbacks on global climate change. The encyclopedia gives the reader an entry point into the literature on these and many other groundbreaking topics.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings
A Book

by Library of Congress

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary

by Raymond S. Bradley

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-12-28
  • Pages : 696
  • ISBN : 0123869951
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary, Third Edition—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—provides a thorough overview of the methods of paleoclimatic reconstruction and of the historical changes in climate during the past three million years. This thoroughly updated and revised edition systematically examines each type of proxy and elucidates the major attributes and the limitations of each. Paleoclimatology, Third Edition provides necessary context for those interested in understanding climate changes at present and how current trends in climate compare with changes that have occurred in the past. The text is richly illustrated and includes an extensive bibliography for further research. Winner of a 2015 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association A comprehensive overview of the methods of paleoclimate reconstruction, and the record of past changes in climate during the last ~3 million years Addresses all the techniques used in paleoclimatic reconstruction from climate proxies With full-color throughout, and thoroughly revised chapters on dating methods, climate forcing, ice cores, marine sediments, pollen analysis, dendroclimatology, and historical records Includes new chapters on speleothems, loess, and lake sediments More than 1,000 new references and 190 new figures Essential reading for those interested in how present trends in climate compare with changes that have occurred in the past

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
From Snowball Earth to the Anthropocene

by Colin P. Summerhayes

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-08-03
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1119591384
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Life on our planet depends upon having a climate that changes within narrow limits – not too hot for the oceans to boil away nor too cold for the planet to freeze over. Over the past billion years Earth’s average temperature has stayed close to 14-15°C, oscillating between warm greenhouse states and cold icehouse states. We live with variation, but a variation with limits. Paleoclimatology is the science of understanding and explaining those variations, those limits, and the forces that control them. Without that understanding we will not be able to foresee future change accurately as our population grows. Our impact on the planet is now equal to a geological force, such that many geologists now see us as living in a new geological era – the Anthropocene. Paleoclimatology describes Earth’s passage through the greenhouse and icehouse worlds of the past 800 million years, including the glaciations of Snowball Earth in a world that was then free of land plants. It describes the operation of the Earth’s thermostat, which keeps the planet fit for life, and its control by interactions between greenhouse gases, land plants, chemical weathering, continental motions, volcanic activity, orbital change and solar variability. It explains how we arrived at our current understanding of the climate system, by reviewing the contributions of scientists since the mid-1700s, showing how their ideas were modified as science progressed. And it includes reflections based on the author’s involvement in palaeoclimatic research. The book will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about future climate change. It will be an invaluable course reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students in geology, climatology, oceanography and the history of science.

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1970
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dynamical Paleoclimatology

Dynamical Paleoclimatology
Generalized Theory of Global Climate Change

by Barry Saltzman

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 9780126173314
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book discusses the ideas and creates a framework for building toward a theory of paleoclimate. Using the rich and mounting array of observational evidence of climatic changes from geology, geochemistry, and paleontology, Saltzman offers a dynamical approach to the theory of paleoclimate evolution and an expanded theory of climate. Saltzman was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology. This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution which is intended for graduate students and research workers in paleoclimatology, earth system studies, and global change research. The book includes an extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references. Written by the late Barry Saltzman who was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution The book includes extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
A Book

by Gilles Ramstein,Amaëlle Landais,Nathaelle Bouttes,Pierre Sepulchre,Aline Govin

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2021-02-24
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN : 9783030249816
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This two-volume book provides a comprehensive, detailed understanding of paleoclimatology beginning by describing the “proxy data” from which quantitative climate parameters are reconstructed and finally by developing a comprehensive Earth system model able to simulate past climates of the Earth. It compiles contributions from specialists in each field who each have an in-depth knowledge of their particular area of expertise. The first volume is devoted to “Finding, dating and interpreting the evidence”. It describes the different geo-chronological technical methods used in paleoclimatology. Different fields of geosciences such as: stratigraphy, magnetism, dendrochronology, sedimentology, are drawn from and proxy reconstructions from ice sheets, terrestrial (speleothems, lakes, and vegetation) and oceanic data, are used to reconstruct the ancient climates of the Earth. The second volume, entitled “Investigation into ancient climates,” focuses on building comprehensive models of past climate evolution. The chapters are based on understanding the processes driving the evolution of each component of the Earth system (atmosphere, ocean, ice). This volume provides both an analytical understanding of each component using a hierarchy of models (from conceptual to very sophisticated 3D general circulation models) and a synthetic approach incorporating all of these components to explore the evolution of the Earth as a global system. As a whole this book provides the reader with a complete view of data reconstruction and modeling of the climate of the Earth from deep time to present day with even an excursion to include impacts on future climate.

Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology of the Southern Ocean

Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology of the Southern Ocean
A Synthesis of Three Decades of Scientific Ocean Drilling

by Detlef A. Warnke,Gabriel M. Filippelli,José-Abel Flores

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 3
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sedimentology, Paleoclimatology, and Diagenesis of Post-Hercynian Continental Deposits in the South-central Pyrenees, Spain

Sedimentology, Paleoclimatology, and Diagenesis of Post-Hercynian Continental Deposits in the South-central Pyrenees, Spain
A Book

by Peter Johan Cornelis Nagtegaal

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1969
  • Pages : 95
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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High Resolution Paleoclimatology from the Varved Sediments of the Gulf of California

High Resolution Paleoclimatology from the Varved Sediments of the Gulf of California
A Book

by Timothy Robert Baumgartner

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 287
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seismic Analysis, Paleoclimatology and Fluvial Architecture of the Bermejo Basin, Central Andes, Western Argentina

Seismic Analysis, Paleoclimatology and Fluvial Architecture of the Bermejo Basin, Central Andes, Western Argentina
A Book

by Anibal Esteban Fernández

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 558
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Oligocene Sedimentation, Stratigraphy, Paleoecology and Paleoclimatology

Oligocene Sedimentation, Stratigraphy, Paleoecology and Paleoclimatology
In the Big Badlands of South Dakota

by John Clark,James R. Beerbower,Kenneth K. Kietzke

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1967
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
A Book

by Thomas J. Crowley,Gerald R. North

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 349
  • ISBN : 9780195105339
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Paleoclimatology is a review of the history of the Earth's climate from the time of its formation four-and-a-half billion years ago to the present. The field, according to John Imbrie, a leading paleontologist at Brown University, is "ripe for synthesis," with broad implications in geology, geophysics, geochemistry, oceanography, and the atmospheric sciences. This book addresses several topics rarely discussed in paleoclimate summaries, including the modeling of Paleozoic climates and the environmental consequences of asteroid impacts. In addition, the book identifies areas for future research and offers a frame of reference for interpreting the likely consequences of greenhouse warming. A new chapter has been added updating the information since 1991.

Late Pleistocene Paleoclimatology and Paleoceanography of the Northern Greenland Sea

Late Pleistocene Paleoclimatology and Paleoceanography of the Northern Greenland Sea
A Book

by Randall Steven Marquard

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Holocene Paleolimnology and Paleoclimatology of Lake Edward, Uganda-Congo

The Holocene Paleolimnology and Paleoclimatology of Lake Edward, Uganda-Congo
A Book

by James Michael Russell

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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NOAA Paleoclimatology Program Home Page

NOAA Paleoclimatology Program Home Page
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents the NOAA Paleoclimatology Program at the National Geophysical Data Center, a central location for paleoclimate data, research, and education. NOAA Paleoclimatology helps the World share scientific data and information related to climate system variability and predictability. Its mission is to ensure the international paleoclimate research community meets the scientific goals of programs including IPCC, IGBP PAGES, WCRP CLIVAR, and NOAA's Climate and Global Change Program.

Principles of Paleoclimatology

Principles of Paleoclimatology
A Book

by Thomas M. Cronin

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 1999-07-27
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 9780231503044
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Greenhouse gases, global warming, thinning ozone layers—understanding the Earth's climatic changes is one of today's most pressing international concerns. How fast has the climate changed? Where and why is it changing? What is the impact of climate change on our ecosystems, coastal regions, glaciers, forests, and lakes, and even on the evolution of our own species? This introduction to the rapidly emerging field of paleoclimatology explains the patterns and processes in the history of the Earth's climate to answer such essential questions. Using the geologic records of ocean and lake sediment, ice cores, corals, and other natural archives, Principles of Paleoclimatology describes the history of the Earth's climate—the ice age cycles, sea level changes, volcanic activity, changes in atmosphere and solar radiation—and the resulting, sometimes catastrophic, biotic responses. These paleoclimate records provide a baseline against which we can compare modern climate trends. Designed to give a fundamental background—including both history and methodology—to the discipline of paleoclimatology, this book is the first to advance our understanding of how climate change develops, how those changes are detected, and how the climate of the past can shape the climate of the future.

Past Antarctica

Past Antarctica
Paleoclimatology and Climate Change

by Marc Oliva,Jesus Ruiz Fernandez

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-06-04
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 0128179260
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Past Antarctica: Paleoclimatology and Climate Change presents research on the past and present of Antarctica in reference to its current condition, including considerations for effects due to climate change. Experts in the field explore key topics, including environmental changes, human colonization and present environmental trends. Addressing a wide range of fields, including the biosphere, geology and biochemistry, the book offers geographers, climatologists and other Earth scientists a vital resource that is beneficial to an understanding of Antarctica, its history and conservation efforts. Synthesizes research on the past and present of Antarctica, bringing together top Earth scientists who work in this discipline Presents the most complete reconstruction of the paleoclimate and environment of Antarctica, tying in long-term climatic changes to the current environment Offers perspectives from different branches of the Earth Sciences using a spatial-temporal lens

Laminated Lake Sediments and their Impact on Paleoclimatology

Laminated Lake Sediments and their Impact on Paleoclimatology
A Book

by Eric Petermann

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2010-01-18
  • Pages : 16
  • ISBN : 3640513959
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Geology, Mineralogy, Soil Science, grade: 1,0, University of Canterbury (Department of Geology), course: Paleoecology and Paleolimnology, language: English, abstract: Zolitschka (1998) defined varves as laminated sediments occurring in stationary water bodies. Their striking feature is a seasonal, rhythmical build-up of thin, horizontal layers with a changing composition. Since the early 20th century, this type of sediment has been used for establishing exact geochronologies. In the course of the climate change debate, and the subsequent demand for high-resolution paleoclimatic data, they have come back into the focus of earth scientists. A crucial advantage of varved sediments is that they provide two different kinds of information on a sediment profile: an absolute chronology and high-resolution paleoclimatic information. Combining these two attributes offers an absolute dated time series of paleoclimatic proxy-data. Furthermore, additional analyses of the same profile can be dated. Varved sediments can be found in recent lakes as well as in paleolakes. However, their occurrence is limited to only a few sites as a consequence of the special circumstances necessary for their generation. Varved sediments in recent lakes are especially found in lakes, which are small and deep. These preconditions are often met by maars, where a lot of investigations are done (Brauer et al. 1999a, 1999b; Litt et al. 2001). Additionally, varved sediments are even found in ancient proglacial lakes (Moscariello et al. 2000) to give an example.

Bibliography and Index of Geology

Bibliography and Index of Geology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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