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Pan-genomics: Applications, Challenges, and Future Prospects

Pan-genomics: Applications, Challenges, and Future Prospects
A Book

by Debmalya Barh,Siomar C. Soares,Sandeep Tiwari,Vasco Azevedo

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03-06
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 0128170778
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pan-genomics: Applications, Challenges, and Future Prospects covers current approaches, challenges and future prospects of pan-genomics. The book discusses bioinformatics tools and their applications and focuses on bacterial comparative genomics in order to leverage the development of precise drugs and treatments for specific organisms. The book is divided into three sections: the first, an "overview of pan-genomics and common approaches, brings the main concepts and current approaches on pan-genomics research; the second, “case studies in pan-genomics, thoroughly discusses twelve case, and the last, “current approaches and future prospects in pan-multiomics , encompasses the developments on omics studies to be applied on bacteria related studies. This book is a valuable source for bioinformaticians, genomics researchers and several members of biomedical field interested in understanding further bacterial organisms and their relationship to human health. Covers the entire spectrum of pangenomics, highlighting the use of specific approaches, case studies and future perspectives Discusses current bioinformatics tools and strategies for exploiting pangenomics data Presents twelve case studies with different organisms in order to provide the audience with real examples of pangenomics applicability

Recent Advancement in Microbial Biotechnology

Recent Advancement in Microbial Biotechnology
Agricultural and Industrial Approach

by Surajit De Mandal,Ajit Kumar Passari

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-27
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN : 0128232617
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The rapid increase in microbial resources along with the development of biotechnological methods has revolutionized the field of microbial biotechnology. Genome characterization methods and metagenomic approaches further illustrate the role of microorganisms in various fields of research. Recent Advancement in Microbial Biotechnology: Agricultural and Industrial Approach provides an overview on the recent application of the microorganisms in agricultural and industrial improvements. The purpose of this book is to integrate all these diverse areas of research in a common platform. Recent advancement in Microbial Biotechnology targets researchers from both academia and industry, professors and graduate students working in molecular biology, microbiology and biotechnology. Gives insight in the exploration of microbial functional diversity in different systems Highlights important microbes and their role in enhancing agricultural productivity Provides understanding to the basics with advance information of microbial biotechnology Explores the importance of microbial genomes studies in agricultural and industrial applications

Nanobiotechnology

Nanobiotechnology
Microbes and Plant Assisted Synthesis of Nanoparticles, Mechanisms and Applications

by Sougata Ghosh,Thomas J. Webster

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-05-20
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0128231157
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanobiotechnology: Microbes and Plant Assisted Synthesis of Nanoparticles, Mechanisms and Applications covers in detail the green synthesis of nanostructures of tailor-made size, shape and physico-chemical and opto-electronic properties. The rationale behind the selection of bacteria, cyanobacteria, algae, fungi, virus and medicinal plants for the synthesis of biologically active exotic nanoparticles for biomedical applications is also part of this book. It also explores metal recovery, bioconversion, detoxification and removal of heavy metals using nanobiotechnology and discusses the potential of nanobiotechnology to address environmental pollution and toxicity. The book further covers the economic and commercial aspects of such green nanobiotechnology initiatives, its current status in intellectual property rights like patents filed so far globally, technology transfers, and market potential. This information enables one to decipher the scope of biogenic nanoparticles and its prospects. Provides an overview on the general and applied aspects on nanotechnology. Gives the scope of exploring bacteria, fungi, algae, virus and medicinal plants for the synthesis of exotic nanoparticles. Furnishes a comprehensive report on the underlying molecular mechanisms behind the biosynthesis of nanoparticles. Outlines sustainable alternative strategies of bioremediation of heavy metals, metal recovery, detoxification and bioconversion using nanobiotechnology. Explores the promises of patenting, technology transfer and commercialization potential of biogenic nanoparticles.

Plant Virus-Host Interaction

Plant Virus-Host Interaction
Molecular Approaches and Viral Evolution

by R.K. Gaur,S.M. Paul Khurana,Pradeep Sharma,Thomas Hohn

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-01-18
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 0128244836
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant Virus-Host Interaction: Molecular Approaches and Viral Evolution, Second Edition, provides comprehensive coverage of molecular approaches for virus-host interaction. The book contains cutting-edge research in plant molecular virology, including pathogenic viroids and transport by insect vectors, interference with transmission to control viruses, synergism with pivotal coverage of RNA silencing, and the counter-defensive strategies used by viruses to overcome the silencing response in plants. This new edition introduces new, emerging proteins involved in host-virus interactions and provides in-depth coverage of plant virus genes’ interactions with host, localization and expression. With contributions from leading experts, this is a comprehensive reference for plant virologists, molecular biologists and others interested in characterization of plant viruses and disease management. Introduces new, emerging proteins involved during the host-virus interaction and new virus strains that invade new crops through recombination, resorting and mutation Provides molecular approaches for virus-host interaction Highlights RNA silencing and counter-defensive strategies for disease management Discusses the socioeconomic implications of viral spread and mitigation techniques

Microbial Biotechnology

Microbial Biotechnology
Principles and Applications Third

by Yuan Kun Lee

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release : 2013-01-30
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN : 9814513091
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The rapidly expanding molecular biological techniques and approaches have significant impact on microbial biotechnology, hence the need for the addition of four new chapters in the third edition of this textbook — “Chapter 3: Application of ‘Omics’ Technologies in Microbial Fermentation”, “Chapter 5: Microbial Genome Mining for Identifying Antimicrobial Targets”, “Chapter 21: Bacterial Biofilm: Molecular Characterization and Impacts on Water Management” and “Chapter 23: Microbial Biomining”. “Chapter 15: Transgenic Plants” has been completely revised while most of the other chapters have been thoroughly updated in this new edition. There already exist a number of excellent general textbooks on microbiology and biotechnology that deal with the basic principles of microbial biotechnology. To complement them, this book focuses on the various applications of microbial-biotechnological principles. A teaching-based format is adopted, whereby working problems, as well as answers to frequently asked questions, supplement the main text. The book also includes real life examples of how the application of microbial-biotechnological principles has achieved breakthroughs in both research and industrial production. Although written for polytechnic students and undergraduates, the book contains sufficient information to be used as a reference for postgraduate students and lecturers. It may also serve as a resource book for corporate planners, managers and applied research personnel.

Microbes in Land Use Change Management

Microbes in Land Use Change Management
A Book

by Jay Shankar Singh,Shashank Tiwari,Chhatarpal Singh,Anil Kumar Singh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-20
  • Pages : 598
  • ISBN : 0323858945
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbes in Land Use Change Management details the various roles of microbial resources in management of land uses and how the microbes can be used for the source of income due to their cultivation for the purpose of biomass and bioenergy production. Using various techniques, the disturbed and marginal lands may also be restored eco-friendly in present era to fulfil the feeding needs of mankind around the globe. Microbes in Land Use Change Management provides standard and up to date information towards the land use change management using various microbial technologies to enhance the productivity of agriculture. Needless to say that Microbes in Land Use Change Management also considers the areas including generation of alternative energy sources, restoration of degraded and marginal lands, mitigation of global warming gases and next generation -omics technique etc. Land use change affects environment conditions and soil microbial community. Microbial population and its species diversity have influence in maintaining ecosystem balance. The study of changes of microbial population provides an idea about the variation occurring in a specific area and possibilities of restoration. Meant for a multidisciplinary audience Microbes in Land Use Change Management shows the need of next-generation omics technologies to explore microbial diversity. Describes the role of microbes in generation of alternative source of energy Gives recent information related to various microbial technology and their diversified applications Provides thorough insight in the problems related to landscape dynamics, restoration of soil, reclamation of lands mitigation of global warming gases etc. eco-friendly way using versatility of microbes Includes microbial tools and technology in reclamation of degraded, disturbed and marginal lands, mitigation of global warming gases

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-22
  • Pages : 2194
  • ISBN : 0128140453
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry is the ideal primer for food scientists, researchers, students and young professionals who want to acquaint themselves with food chemistry. Well-organized, clearly written, and abundantly referenced, the book provides a foundation for readers to understand the principles, concepts, and techniques used in food chemistry applications. Articles are written by international experts and cover a wide range of topics, including food chemistry, food components and their interactions, properties (flavor, aroma, texture) the structure of food, functional foods, processing, storage, nanoparticles for food use, antioxidants, the Maillard and Strecker reactions, process derived contaminants, and the detection of economically-motivated food adulteration. The encyclopedia will provide readers with an introduction to specific topics within the wider context of food chemistry, as well as helping them identify the links between the various sub-topics. Offers readers a comprehensive understanding of food chemistry and the various connections between the sub-topics Provides an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate levels and upwards Meticulously organized, with articles structured logically based on the various elements of food chemistry

Genomic Approaches in Earth and Environmental Sciences

Genomic Approaches in Earth and Environmental Sciences
A Book

by Gregory Dick

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-03-15
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 1118708202
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first comprehensive synthesis of genomic techniques in earth sciences The past 15 years have witnessed an explosion of DNA sequencing technologies that provide unprecedented insights into biology. Although this technological revolution has been driven by the biomedical sciences, it also offers extraordinary opportunities in the earth and environmental sciences. In particular, the application of "omics" methods (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics) directly to environmental samples offers exciting new vistas of complex microbial communities and their roles in environmental and geochemical processes. This unique book fills the gap where there exists a lack of resources and infrastructure to educate and train geoscientists about the opportunities, approaches, and analytical methods available in the application of omic technologies to problems in the geosciences. Genomic Approaches in Earth and Environmental Sciences begins by covering the role of microorganisms in earth and environmental processes. It then goes on to discuss how omics approaches provide new windows into geobiological processes. It delves into the DNA sequencing revolution and the impact that genomics has made on the geosciences. The book then discusses the methods used in the field, beginning with an overview of current technologies. After that it offers in-depth coverage of single cell genomics, metagenomics, metatranscriptomics, metaproteomics, and functional approaches, before finishing up with an outlook on the future of the field. The very first synthesis of an important new family of techniques Shows strengths and limitations (both practical and theoretical) of the techniques Deals with both theoretical and laboratory basics Shows use of techniques in a variety of applications, including various aspects of environmental science, geobiology, and evolution Genomic Approaches in Earth and Environmental Sciences is a welcome addition to the library of all earth and environmental scientists and students working within a wide range of subdisciplines.

Smart Agricultural Services Using Deep Learning, Big Data, and IoT

Smart Agricultural Services Using Deep Learning, Big Data, and IoT
A Book

by Amit Kumar Gupta,Dinesh Goyal,Vijander Singh,Harish Sharma

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2020-08
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 1799850048
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The agricultural sector can benefit immensely from developments in the field of smart farming. However, this research area focuses on providing specific fixes to particular situations and falls short on implementing data-driven frameworks that provide large-scale benefits to the industry as a whole. Using deep learning can bring immense data and improve our understanding of various earth sciences and improve farm services to yield better crop production and profit.

Smart Agricultural Services Using Deep Learning, Big Data, and IoT is an essential publication that focuses on the application of deep learning to agriculture. While highlighting a broad range of topics including crop models, cybersecurity, and sustainable agriculture, this book is ideally designed for engineers, programmers, software developers, agriculturalists, farmers, policymakers, researchers, academicians, and students.

Omics Technologies and Bio-engineering

Omics Technologies and Bio-engineering
Volume 2: Towards Improving Quality of Life

by Debmalya Barh,Vasco Azevedo

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-02-28
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0128158719
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Omics Technologies and Bio-Engineering: Towards Improving Quality of Life, Volume 2 is a unique reference that brings together multiple perspectives on omics research, providing in-depth analysis and insights from an international team of authors. The book delivers pivotal information that will inform and improve medical and biological research by helping readers gain more direct access to analytic data, an increased understanding on data evaluation, and a comprehensive picture on how to use omics data in molecular biology, biotechnology and human health care. Covers various aspects of biotechnology and bio-engineering using omics technologies Focuses on the latest developments in the field, including biofuel technologies Provides key insights into omics approaches in personalized and precision medicine Provides a complete picture on how one can utilize omics data in molecular biology, biotechnology and human health care

Advances in Applied Bioinformatics in Crops

Advances in Applied Bioinformatics in Crops
A Book

by Mary-Ann Blätke,Sebastian Beier,Uwe Scholz,Evgeny Gladilin,Jedrzej Jakub Szymanski

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889666204
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Genetics, Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding

Molecular Genetics, Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding
A Book

by Søren K. Rasmussen

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-05-27
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 3039288776
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Special Issue on molecular genetics, genomics, and biotechnology in crop plant breeding seeks to encourage the use of the tools currently available. It features nine research papers that address quality traits, grain yield, and mutations by exploring cytoplasmic male sterility, the delicate control of flowering in rice, the removal of anti-nutritional factors, the use and development of new technologies for non-model species marker technology, site-directed mutagenesis and GMO regulation, genomics selection and genome-wide association studies, how to cope with abiotic stress, and an exploration of fruit trees adapted to harsh environments for breeding purposes. A further four papers review the genetics of pre-harvest spouting, readiness for climate-smart crop development, genomic selection in the breeding of cereal crops, and the large numbers of mutants in straw lignin biosynthesis and deposition.

The Future of Rice Demand: Quality Beyond Productivity

The Future of Rice Demand: Quality Beyond Productivity
A Book

by Antonio Costa de Oliveira,Camila Pegoraro,Vívian Ebeling Viana

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-27
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 3030375102
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book aims to provide an overview of the challenges and available technologies to improve rice and provide a response to the challenge posed by increasing world population and the resultant food shortages. Nutritional aspects of rice products and omics and the molecular technologies currently being used are covered in depth. As a staple food for over 50% of the world ́s population, an estimated 9 billion people will need to be fed by 2050, and healthy and uncontaminated foods need to reach consumers in developed and developing countries.This makes quality beyond productivity incredibly important and is one of the overriding themes of this work. The Future of Rice Demand: Quality Beyond Productivity offers researchers a better understanding of the nutritional aspects of rice. Omics technologies applied to cereal grain quality have been scarce in the literature published to date, making this text an excellent single source for researchers in regions where rice is a major crop. The first section of the book focuses on the major aspects of the industrial processing of all rice types. Further sections look at contamination prevention and biofortification, special rice types, and omics and other molecular tools used in the mass production and processing of healthy rice products.

Plant Growth-Promoting Microbes for Sustainable Biotic and Abiotic Stress Management

Plant Growth-Promoting Microbes for Sustainable Biotic and Abiotic Stress Management
A Book

by Heba I. Mohamed,Hossam El-Din Saad El-Beltagi,Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-05-02
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 3030665879
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abiotic and biotic stress factors, including drought, salinity, waterlog, temperature extremes, mineral nutrients, heavy metals, plant diseases, nematodes, viruses, and diseases, adversely affect growth as well as yield of crop plants worldwide. Plant growth-promoting microorganisms (PGPM) are receiving increasing attention from agronomists and environmentalists as candidates to develop an effective, eco-friendly, and sustainable alternative to conventional agricultural (e.g., chemical fertilizers and pesticide) and remediation (e.g., chelators-enhanced phytoremediation) methods employed to deal with climate change-induced stresses. Recent studies have shown that plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB), rhizobia, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), cyanobacteria have great potentials in the management of various agricultural and environmental problems. This book provides current research of biofertilizers and the role of microorganisms in plant health, with specific emphasis on the mitigating strategies to combat plant stresses.

Essentials of Single-Cell Analysis

Essentials of Single-Cell Analysis
Concepts, Applications and Future Prospects

by Fan-Gang Tseng,Tuhin Subhra Santra

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-01-21
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 3662491184
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an overview of single-cell isolation, separation, injection, lysis and dynamics analysis as well as a study of their heterogeneity using different miniaturized devices. As an important part of single-cell analysis, different techniques including electroporation, microinjection, optical trapping, optoporation, rapid electrokinetic patterning and optoelectronic tweezers are described in detail. It presents different fluidic systems (e.g. continuous micro/nano-fluidic devices, microfluidic cytometry) and their integration with sensor technology, optical and hydrodynamic stretchers etc., and demonstrates the applications of single-cell analysis in systems biology, proteomics, genomics, epigenomics, cancer transcriptomics, metabolomics, biomedicine and drug delivery systems. It also discusses the future challenges for single-cell analysis, including the advantages and limitations. This book is enjoyable reading material while at the same time providing essential information to scientists in academia and professionals in industry working on different aspects of single-cell analysis. Dr. Fan-Gang Tseng is a Distinguished Professor of Engineering and System Science at the National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan. Dr. Tuhin Subhra Santra is a Research Associate at the California Nano Systems Institute, University of California at Los Angeles, USA.

The Eggplant Genome

The Eggplant Genome
A Book

by Mark A. Chapman

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-30
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 3319992082
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book discusses the importance of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) as a crop, highlighting the potential for eggplant to serve as a model for understanding several evolutionary and taxonomic questions. It also explores the genomic make-up, in particular in comparison to other Solanaceous crops, and examines the parallels between eggplant and tomato domestication as well as between the most common eggplant species and two related eggplants native to Africa (Ethiopian eggplant [Solanum aethiopicum L.] and African eggplant [Solanum macrocarpon L.]). The eggplant genome was first sequenced in 2014, and an improved version was due to be released in 2017. Further investigations have revealed the relationships between wild species, domesticated eggplant, and feral weedy eggplant (derived from the domesticate), as well as targets of selection during domestication. Parallels between eggplant and tomato domestication loci are well known and the molecular basis is currently being investigated. Eggplant is a source of nutrition for millions of people worldwide, especially in Southeast Asia where it is a staple food source. Domesticated in the old world, in contrast to its congeners tomato and potato, the eggplant is morphologically and nutritionally diverse. The spread of wild eggplants from Africa is particularly interesting from a cultural point of view. This book brings together diverse fields of research, from bioinformatics to taxonomy to nutrition to allow readers to fully understand eggplant’s importance and potential.

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Trends of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture and Biomedicine Systems: Diversity and Functional Perspectives

by Ali Asghar Rastegari,Ajar Nath Yadav,Neelam Yadav

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-16
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 012820527X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Trends of Microbial Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture and Biomedicine Systems: Diversity and Functional Perspectives describes how specific techniques can be used to generalize the metabolism of bacteria that optimize biologic improvement strategies and bio-transport processes. Microbial biotechnology focuses on microbes of agricultural, environmental, industrial, and clinical significance. This volume discusses several methods based on molecular genetics, systems, and biology of synthetic, genomic, proteomic, and metagenomics. Recent developments in our understanding of the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and biotechnology have created a highly potential research area. The soil and plant microbiomes have a significant role in plant growth promotion, crop yield, soil health and fertility for sustainable developments. The microbes provide nutrients and stimulate plant growth through different mechanisms, including solubilization of phosphorus, potassium, and zinc; biological nitrogen fixation; production of siderophore, ammonia, HCN and other secondary metabolites which are antagonistic against pathogenic microbes. This new book provides an indispensable reference source for engineers/bioengineers, biochemists, biotechnologists, microbiologists, agrochemists, and researchers who want to know about the unique properties of this microbe and explore its sustainable agriculture future applications. Introduces the principles of microbial biotechnology and its application in plant growth and soil health for sustainable agriculture Explores various plant microbiomes and their beneficial impact on plant growth for crop improvement Explains the mechanisms of plant-microbe interaction and plant growth promotion Includes current applications of microbial consortium for enhance production of crop in eco-friendly manners

Sustainable Production of Bioactive Pigments

Sustainable Production of Bioactive Pigments
A Book

by Wee Sim Choo,Laurent Dufossé,Lourdes Morales-Oyervides

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-05-24
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889668002
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Meeting the challenges of global climate change and food security through innovative maize research. Proceedings of the National Maize Workshop of Ethiopia, 3; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 18-20 April, 2011

Meeting the challenges of global climate change and food security through innovative maize research. Proceedings of the National Maize Workshop of Ethiopia, 3; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 18-20 April, 2011
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : CIMMYT
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9706481842
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant-Microbes-Engineered Nano-particles (PM-ENPs) Nexus in Agro-Ecosystems

Plant-Microbes-Engineered Nano-particles (PM-ENPs) Nexus in Agro-Ecosystems
Understanding the Interaction of Plant, Microbes and Engineered Nano-particles (ENPS)

by Pardeep Singh,Rishikesh Singh,Pramit Verma,Rahul Bhadouria,Ajay Kumar,Mahima Kaushik

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-03-22
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN : 3030669564
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a collection of cross-disciplinary research, with contributions addressing all key features of the plant/microbe/ENP nexus in agro-ecosystems. The uptake, transport and transformation of nanoparticles in plants have attracted more and more attention in the past several years. Especially, the impact of Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) on bioprocesses; low-, medium- and high-level dose responses in the microbial community of soil; and long-, medium- and short-term exposure responses, particularly microbial nitrogen transformations, are just a few of the aspects involved. Since ENPs are used in many industries, including cosmetics, agriculture, medicine, food technology and waste management, their transport through biogeochemical cycles is an important focus of many studies today. Specifically, ENP–microbe interaction has been analysed with regard to disease treatment for plants; it plays a vital role in disease inhibition by releasing metal ions that act through many pathways – e.g. reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, DNA transformation and disruption of the cell cycle – to stop cell growth in the pathogen. Due to these properties, ENPs are also used as slow release or delayed release pesticides and fungicides, and as carrier systems for growth-promoting hormones. Despite their multiple uses in various industries, the negative effects of ENPs are still a major concern for the scientific community and consumers alike. For example, their transport to various food chains has been reported to have adverse effects. This raises a degree of doubt concerning a rapidly growing scientific field with major applications in many industries. From a sustainable development perspective and particularly to ensure food security in light of the uncertainty accompanying climate change, it is imperative to address this divergence by focusing on the plant/microbe/ENP nexus.