Download Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena Ebook PDF

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena
A Book

by Shuichi Kinoshita

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-05-09
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 012397299X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Patterns and their formations appear throughout nature, and are studied to analyze different problems in science and make predictions across a wide range of disciplines including biology, physics, mathematics, chemistry, material science, and nanoscience. With the emergence of nanoscience and the ability for researchers and scientists to study living systems at the biological level, pattern formation research has become even more essential. This book is an accessible first of its kind guide for scientists, researchers, engineers, and students who require a general introduction to this research area, in order to gain a deeper analytical understanding of the most recent observations and experiments by top researchers in physics. Pattern Formations describes the most up-to-date status of this developing field and analyzes the physical phenomena behind a wide range of interesting topics commonly known in the scientific community. The study of pattern formations as a research field will continue to grow as scientists expand their understanding of naturally occurring patterns and mimic nature to help solve complex problems. This research area is becoming more highly recognized due to its contributions to signal processing, computer analysis, image processing, complex networks development, advancements in optics and photonics, crystallography, metallurgy, drug delivery (chemotherapy) and the further understanding of gene regulation. The only introductory reference book which places special emphasis on the theoretical analyses of experiments in this rapidly growing field of pattern formation A wide range of physical applications make this book highly interdisciplinary Explanations of observations and experiments deepen the readers understanding of this developing research field

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena
2. Belousov–Zhabotinsky Reaction

by Jun Miyazaki

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-09
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 012806157X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

In this chapter, temporal and spatial patterns observed in the Belousov–Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction are described, which is a typical nonlinear chemical reaction system that exhibits oscillation and wave propagation. Some related phenomena in biological systems are presented. The underlying mechanism and modeling of oscillation based on chemical equations are then introduced. Reaction diffusion equations are derived and numerical simulations are performed based on the model to explain how the dynamical pattern appears. Finally, synchronous phenomena observed in the BZ reaction are described with an analytical method based on the phase model.

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena
4. Density Oscillators

by Takeshi Kano

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-09
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 0128061596
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Systems exhibiting spontaneous regular rhythms abound in nature, and several that are characterized by more than two different time scales are known as relaxation oscillators. The density oscillator is an excellent model system for investigating the fundamental mechanisms of relaxation oscillators. It is a system consisting of an inner container, with a thin pipe in its bottom and filled with heavy fluid, inside an outer container filled with light fluid; the fluids alternately exhibit upflow and downflow through the pipe between the two containers. Although the density oscillator is a simple system, its oscillation mechanism is nontrivial and clarifying it is a challenging task. We have recently clarified the mechanism by constructing a simple model on the basis of detailed experiments. In this chapter, we review studies of this topic and introduce relevant work.

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena
6. Structural Color in Nature: Basic Observations and Analysis

by Shinya Yoshioka

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-09
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 0128061618
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Some bird and insect species exhibit iridescent colors that originate from submicron microstructures. One example is a periodic stack of thin layers that selectively reflects light wavelengths with high efficiency through multilayer optical interference. However, the periodicity of the microstructure is not a unique factor in the coloration mechanism; other physical factors such as structural irregularities, large-scale structures, and pigmentation also contribute greatly to the coloration in natural examples. This chapter describes basic experimental and theoretical methods of studying structural color, mainly for those who are unfamiliar with this subject. The chapter discusses two insect species, the jewel beetle and Morpho butterfly, repeatedly rather than introducing many examples. It is emphasized in discussing these examples that additional factors are as important for the coloration as the periodicity in the microstructures.

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena
5. Colloidal Crystals

by Junpei Yamanaka,Tohru Okuzono,Akiko Toyotama

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-09
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 012806160X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Submicron-sized colloidal particles dispersed in a liquid medium self-assemble to form ordered “crystal” structures in which the particles are regularly arranged in body-centered or face-centered cubic lattice structures. Colloidal crystals have been useful models for studying crystallization in general. They have also attracted considerable attention as novel materials. In this chapter, we describe the physical basis and experimental studies of colloidal crystallization, in particular those of charged colloids. We first present a general introduction to the physical background on the stability and interaction of colloids. Then we report our studies on the crystallization of charged colloids, including charge-induced crystallization, unidirectional crystallization, gel immobilization, and exclusion of impurities. Finally, we review recent research topics in this field, including those on opal crystals and complex structures.

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena

Pattern Formations and Oscillatory Phenomena
3. Dynamics of Droplets

by Hiroyuki Kitahata,Natsuhiko Yoshinaga,Ken H. Nagai,Yutaka Sumino

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-09
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 0128061588
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

In this chapter, we consider the motion of a droplet and the surrounding flow accompanied by the motion. Our specific attention is on the spontaneous and autonomous motion of a droplet. Such a system has no applied external force and no asymmetry imposed a priori. Nevertheless, the droplet moves by consuming energy and by breaking the symmetry of the system. The phenomenon reminds us of biological systems that can also move spontaneously. These systems, which are called self-propulsive systems, have recently been extensively studied after several model experiments were proposed using chemical reactions. The mechanism of such motion is less clear, though theoretical and computational studies have revealed several novel aspects of the motion in contrast with the motion under a given asymmetry. We discuss recently developed experimental systems. Then, we focus on a suspended droplet that swims, and explain how the result can be analyzed in terms of hydrodynamics by using the concept of surface tension. Finally, we apply the method to the analysis of a swimming suspended droplet induced propelled by a chemical pattern generated inside the droplet.

From Pattern Formation to Material Computation

From Pattern Formation to Material Computation
Multi-agent Modelling of Physarum Polycephalum

by Jeff Jones

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-05-15
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 3319168231
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book addresses topics of mobile multi-agent systems, pattern formation, biological modelling, artificial life, unconventional computation, and robotics. The behaviour of a simple organism which is capable of remarkable biological and computational feats that seem to transcend its simple component parts is examined and modelled. In this book the following question is asked: How can something as simple as Physarum polycephalum - a giant amoeboid single-celled organism which does not possess any neural tissue, fixed skeleton or organised musculature - can approximate complex computational behaviour during its foraging, growth and adaptation of its amorphous body plan, and with such limited resources? To answer this question the same apparent limitations as faced by the organism are applied: using only simple components with local interactions. A synthesis approach is adopted and a mobile multi-agent system with very simple individual behaviours is employed. It is shown their interactions yield emergent behaviour showing complex self-organised pattern formation with material-like evolution. The presented model reproduces the biological behaviour of Physarum; the formation, growth and minimisation of transport networks. In its conclusion the book moves beyond Physarum and provides results of scoping experiments approximating other complex systems using the multi-agent approach. The results of this book demonstrate the power and range of harnessing emergent phenomena arising in simple multi-agent systems for biological modelling, computation and soft-robotics applications. It methodically describes the necessary components and their interactions, showing how deceptively simple components can create powerful mechanisms, aided by abundant illustrations, supplementary recordings and interactive models. It will be of interest to those in biological sciences, physics, computer science and robotics who wish to understand how simple components can result in complex and useful behaviours and who wish explore the potential of guided pattern formation themselves.

Oscillations and Pattern Formation in Electrochemistry

Oscillations and Pattern Formation in Electrochemistry
A Book

by I. Z. Kiss

  • Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
  • Release : 2011-03
  • Pages : 29
  • ISBN : 156677876X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Oscillations and Pattern Formation in Electrochemistry¿, held during the 218th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Las Vegas, Nevada from October 10 to 15, 2010.

Introduction to Oscillatory Motion With Mathematica

Introduction to Oscillatory Motion With Mathematica
A Book

by Steven Tan

  • Publisher : Steven Tan
  • Release : 2018-05-10
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book is a survey of basic oscillatory concepts with the aid of Mathematica® computer algebra system to represent them and to calculate with them. It is written for students, teachers, and researchers needing to understand the basic of oscillatory motion or intending to use Mathematica® to extend their knowledge. All illustrations in the book can be replicated and used to learn and discover oscillatory motion in a new and exciting way. It is meant to complement the analytical skills and to use the computer to visualize the results and to develop a deeper intuitive understanding of oscillatory motion by observing the effects of varying the parameters of the problem.

Nonlinear Wave Methods for Charge Transport

Nonlinear Wave Methods for Charge Transport
A Book

by Luis L. Bonilla,Stephen W. Teitsworth

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-12-09
  • Pages : 287
  • ISBN : 9783527628681
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The present book introduces and develops mathematical techniques for the treatment of nonlinear waves and singular perturbation methods at a level that is suitable for graduate students, researchers and faculty throughout the natural sciences and engineering. The practice of implementing these techniques and their value are largely realized by showing their application to problems of nonlinear wave phenomena in electronic transport in solid state materials, especially bulk semiconductors and semiconductor superlattices. The authors are recognized leaders in this field, with more than 30 combined years of contributions.

Ordinary Differential Equations for Engineers

Ordinary Differential Equations for Engineers
Problems with MATLAB Solutions

by Ali Ümit Keskin

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-09-01
  • Pages : 786
  • ISBN : 3319952439
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This monograph presents teaching material in the field of differential equations while addressing applications and topics in electrical and biomedical engineering primarily. The book contains problems with varying levels of difficulty, including Matlab simulations. The target audience comprises advanced undergraduate and graduate students as well as lecturers, but the book may also be beneficial for practicing engineers alike.

Pattern Formation In The Physical And Biological Sciences

Pattern Formation In The Physical And Biological Sciences
A Book

by H. Frederick Nijhout

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-02-19
  • Pages : 460
  • ISBN : 042996191X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This Lecture Notes Volume represents the first time any of the summer school lectures have been collected and published on a discrete subject rather than grouping all of a season's lectures together. This volume provides a broad survey of current thought on the problem of pattern formation. Spanning six years of summer school lectures, it includes articles which examine the origin and evolution of spatial patterns in physio-chemical and biological systems from a great diversity of theoretical and mechanistic perspectives. In addition, most of these pieces have been updated by their authors and three articles never previously published have been added.

General System Theory: Perspectives in Philosophy and Approaches in Complex Systems

General System Theory: Perspectives in Philosophy and Approaches in Complex Systems
A Book

by Gianfranco Minati,Eliano Pessa,Ignazio Licata

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-07-09
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 3038424404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Second Generation General System Theory: Perspectives in Philosophy and Approaches in Complex Systems" that was published in Systems

Artificial Life VII

Artificial Life VII
Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Artificial Life

by Mark A. Bedau,John S. McCaskill,Norman H. Packard,Steen Rasmussen

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2000-08-01
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 9780262522908
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The term "artificial life" describes research into synthetic systems that possess some of the essential properties of life. This interdisciplinary field includes biologists, computer scientists, physicists, chemists, geneticists, and others. Artificial life may be viewed as an attempt to understand high-level behavior from low-level rules—for example, how the simple interactions between ants and their environment lead to complex trail-following behavior. An understanding of such relationships in particular systems can suggest novel solutions to complex real-world problems such as disease prevention, stock-market prediction, and data mining on the Internet. Since their inception in 1987, the Artificial Life meetings have grown from small workshops to truly international conferences, reflecting the field's increasing appeal to researchers in all areas of science.

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 6

Intelligent Autonomous Systems 6
A Book

by Enrico Pagello,T. Arai

  • Publisher : IOS Press
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 1101
  • ISBN : 9781586030780
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

After a long period, in which the research focused mainly on industrial robotics, nowadays scientists aim to build machines able to act autonomously in unstructured domains, and to interface friendly with humans, while performing intelligently their assigned tasks. Such intelligent autonomous systems are now being intensively developed, and are ready to be applied to every field, from social life to modern enterprises. We believe the following years will be increasingly characterised by their extensive use. This is dramatically changing the whole scenario of human society.

Student Poster Session (General) - 226th ECS Meeting

Student Poster Session (General) - 226th ECS Meeting
A Book

by V. Subramanian,C. Johnson,R. Lara-Castro,K. Sundaram,V. Chaitanya,P. Pharkya

  • Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
  • Release : 2015-04-30
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 1607686252
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Growth and Form of Self-organized Branched Crystal Pattern in Nonlinear Chemical System

Growth and Form of Self-organized Branched Crystal Pattern in Nonlinear Chemical System
A Book

by Rohit Srivastava,Narendra Yadav,Jayeeta Chattopadhyay

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-04-12
  • Pages : 65
  • ISBN : 9811008647
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The book introduces the oscillatory reaction and pattern formation in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction that became model for investigating a wide range of intriguing pattern formations in chemical systems. So many modifications in classic version of BZ reaction have been carried out in various experimental conditions that demonstrate rich varieties of temporal oscillations and spatio-temporal patterns in non- equilibrium conditions. Mixed-mode versions of BZ reactions, which comprise a pair of organic substrates or dual metal catalysts, have displayed very complex oscillating behaviours and novel space-time patterns during reaction processes. These characteristic spatio-temporal properties of BZ reactions have attracted increasing attention of the scientific community in recent years because of its comparable periodic structures in electrochemical systems, polymerization processes, and non-equilibrium crystallization phenomena. Instead, non-equilibrium crystallization phenomena which lead to development of novel crystal morphologies in constraint of thermodynamic equilibrium conditions have been investigated and are said to be stationary periodic structures. Efforts have continued to analyze insight mechanisms and roles of reaction-diffusion mechanism and self-organization in the growth of such periodic crystal patterns. In this book, non-equilibrium crystallization phenomena, leading to growth of some novel crystal patterns in dual organic substrate modes of oscillatory BZ reactions have been discussed. Efforts have been made to find out experimental parameters where transitions of the spherulitic crystal patterns take place. The book provides the scientific community and entrepreneurs with a thorough understanding and knowledge of the growth and form of branched crystal pattern in reaction-diffusion system and their morphological transition.

The Systemic Turn in Human and Natural Sciences

The Systemic Turn in Human and Natural Sciences
A Rock in The Pond

by Lucia Urbani Ulivi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-12-14
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN : 3030007251
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book is dedicated to the consolidation and to the expansion of theoretic systems thinking as a necessary integration of the general reductionist and analytical attitude dominant in our culture. Reductionism and analytical approaches have produced significant results in many fields of contemporary knowledge giving a great contribution to relevant scientific discoveries and to their technological application, but their validity has been improperly universalized as the only and best methods of knowledge in every domain. It is nowadays clear that analytical or mereological approaches are inadequate to solve many problems and that we should introduce – or support the diffusion of - new concepts and different research attitudes. A good candidate to support such a shift is the well known theoretical approach based on the concept of “system” that no more considers the elementary constituents of an object, but the entity emerging from the relations and interactions among its elementary parts. It becomes possible to reconstruct several domains, both philosophical and scientific, from the systemic point of view, introducing fresh ideas in the research in view of a general rational vision of the world on more comprehensive basis. This book contributes to the diffusion and evolution of systemic thinking by focusing on two main objectives: developing and updating the systemic approach in disciplines currently using it and introducing the systemic perspective in humanistic disciplines, where the approach is not widely used. The Systemic Turn in Human and Natural Sciences: A Rock in the Pond is comprised of ten chapters. The chapter authors adopt a trans-disciplinary perspective, consisting in the recognition and harmonization of the special outlooks that together, within the general systemic paradigm, gives an ideal unity to the book.

Self-organized Motion

Self-organized Motion
Physicochemical Design based on Nonlinear Dynamics

by Satoshi Nakata,Véronique Pimienta,István Lagzi,Hiroyuki Kitahata,Nobuhiko J Suematsu

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2018-11-01
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 178801166X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Self-propelled objects (particles, droplets) are autonomous agents that can convert energy from the environment into motion. These motions include nonlinear behaviour such as oscillations, synchronization, bifurcation, and pattern formation. In recent years, there has been much interest in self-propelled objects for their potential role in mass transport or their use as carriers in confined spaces. An improved understanding of self-organized motion has even allowed researchers to design objects for specific motion. This book gives an overview of the principles of self-propelled motion in chemical objects (particles, droplets) far from their thermodynamic equilibrium, at various spatial scales. Theoretical aspects, the characteristics of the motion and the design procedures of such systems are discussed from the viewpoint of nonlinear dynamics and examples of applications for these nonlinear systems are provided. This book is suitable for researchers and graduate students interested in physical and theoretical chemistry as well as soft matter.

Chemical Oscillations, Waves, and Turbulence

Chemical Oscillations, Waves, and Turbulence
A Book

by Y. Kuramoto

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 3642696899
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Tbis book is intended to provide a few asymptotic methods which can be applied to the dynamics of self-oscillating fields of the reaction-diffusion type and of some related systems. Such systems, forming cooperative fields of a large num of interacting similar subunits, are considered as typical synergetic systems. ber Because each local subunit itself represents an active dynamical system function ing only in far-from-equilibrium situations, the entire system is capable of showing a variety of curious pattern formations and turbulencelike behaviors quite unfamiliar in thermodynamic cooperative fields. I personally believe that the nonlinear dynamics, deterministic or statistical, of fields composed of similar active (Le., non-equilibrium) elements will form an extremely attractive branch of physics in the near future. For the study of non-equilibrium cooperative systems, some theoretical guid ing principle would be highly desirable. In this connection, this book pushes for ward a particular physical viewpoint based on the slaving principle. The dis covery of tbis principle in non-equilibrium phase transitions, especially in lasers, was due to Hermann Haken. The great utility of this concept will again be dem onstrated in tbis book for the fields of coupled nonlinear oscillators.