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Pesticide Risk Assessment in Rice Paddies: Theory and Practice

Pesticide Risk Assessment in Rice Paddies: Theory and Practice
A Book

by Ettore Capri,Dimitrios Karpouzas

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-08-11
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 9780080551142
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rice is cultivated throughout the world under submerged conditions. The high water requirements and the heavy pesticide load used in rice paddies worldwide have resulted in contamination of associated surface water, such as streams, ditches, rivers and lakes. The uniform risk assessment approach which has been developed for other crops is not applicable to rice paddies, because of the specific conditions applied to rice cultivation. Pesticide Risk Assessment in Rice Paddies: Theory and Practice fills the gap in information on this subject. Written by experts, this book summarizes the methods used for pesticide risk assessment in rice paddies, the limitations and problems encountered and future developments. It also examines the various agronomic, pesticide application and risk assessment approaches used in different rice cultivated zones in Asia, America and Europe and is an essential reference for those working in this area. * The only up-to-date book dealing with pesticide risk assessment in the flooded conditions of rice paddies * Offers guidelines on the use and application of existing modeling tools, specific for rice cultivation * Presents the differences and similarities in rice cropping systems and how these relate to pesticide risk assessment

Advances in Cyanobacterial Biology

Advances in Cyanobacterial Biology
A Book

by Prashant Kumar Singh,Ajay Kumar,Vipin Kumar Singh,Alok Kumar Shrivistava

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-02-15
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0128193123
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Cyanobacterial Biology presents the novel, practical, and theoretical aspects of cyanobacteria, providing a better understanding of basic and advanced biotechnological application in the field of sustainable agriculture. Chapters have been designed to deal with the different aspects of cyanobacteria including their role in the evolution of life, cyanobacterial diversity and classification, isolation, and characterization of cyanobacteria through biochemical and molecular approaches, phylogeny and biogeography of cyanobacteria, symbiosis, Cyanobacterial photosynthesis, morphological and physiological adaptation to abiotic stresses, stress-tolerant cyanobacterium, biological nitrogen fixation. Other topics include circadian rhythms, genetics and molecular biology of abiotic stress responses, application of cyanobacteria and cyanobacterial mats in wastewater treatments, use as a source of novel stress-responsive genes for development of stress tolerance and as a source of biofuels, industrial application, as biofertilizer, cyanobacterial blooms, use in Nano-technology and nanomedicines as well as potential applications. This book will be important for academics and researchers working in cyanobacteria, cyanobacterial environmental biology, cyanobacterial agriculture and cyanobacterial molecular biologists. Summarizes the various aspects of cyanobacterial research, from primary nitrogen fixation, to advanced nano-technology applications Addresses both practical and theoretical aspects of the cyanobacterial application Includes coverage of biochemical and molecular approaches for the identification, use and management of cyanobacteria

Applied Soil Chemistry

Applied Soil Chemistry
A Book

by Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula,Tariq A. Altalhi

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-04-13
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1119710189
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the state-of-the-art information regarding applied soil sciences. It covers the fundamentals, model concepts, principles, chemical reactions, functions, chemical recycling, chemical weathering, acid-base chemistry, carbon sequestration, and nutrient availability of soils. Also, it includes soil chemistry of heavy-metals, environment, clay, ion-exchange processes, analytical tools and applications. This book helps to understand the about soil characteristics targeting soil chemical reactions and interactions and its applications.

Herbicides and Environment

Herbicides and Environment
A Book

by Andreas Kortekamp

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-01-08
  • Pages : 762
  • ISBN : 9533074760
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Herbicides are much more than just weed killers. They may exhibit beneficial or adverse effects on other organisms. Given their toxicological, environmental but also agricultural relevance, herbicides are an interesting field of activity not only for scientists working in the field of agriculture. It seems that the investigation of herbicide-induced effects on weeds, crop plants, ecosystems, microorganisms, and higher organism requires a multidisciplinary approach. Some important aspects regarding the multisided impacts of herbicides on the living world are highlighted in this book. I am sure that the readers will find a lot of helpful information, even if they are only slightly interested in the topic.

Advances in Rice Research for Abiotic Stress Tolerance

Advances in Rice Research for Abiotic Stress Tolerance
A Book

by Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Masayuki Fujita,Kamrun Nahar,Jiban Krishna Biswas

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-12
  • Pages : 986
  • ISBN : 0128143339
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Rice Research for Abiotic Stress Tolerance provides an important guide to recognizing, assessing and addressing the broad range of environmental factors that can inhibit rice yield. As a staple food for nearly half of the world’s population, and in light of projected population growth, improving and increasing rice yield is imperative. This book presents current research on abiotic stresses including extreme temperature variance, drought, hypoxia, salinity, heavy metal, nutrient deficiency and toxicity stresses. Going further, it identifies a variety of approaches to alleviate the damaging effects and improving the stress tolerance of rice. Advances in Rice Research for Abiotic Stress Tolerance provides an important reference for those ensuring optimal yields from this globally important food crop. Covers aspects of abiotic stress, from research, history, practical field problems faced by rice, and the possible remedies to the adverse effects of abiotic stresses Provides practical insights into a wide range of management and crop improvement practices Presents a valuable, single-volume sourcebook for rice scientists dealing with agronomy, physiology, molecular biology and biotechnology

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Agrochemistry

Sustainable Agrochemistry
A Compendium of Technologies

by Sílvio Vaz Jr.

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-28
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 3030178919
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a broad range of technologies for sustainable agrochemistry, e.g. semiochemicals for pest management, nanotechnology for release of eco-friendly agrochemicals, and green chemistry principles for agriculture. It provides a concise introduction to sustainable agrochemistry for a professional audience, and highlights the main scientific and technological approaches that can be applied to modern agrochemistry. It also discusses various available technologies for reducing the negative impacts of agrochemicals on the environment and human health.

Environmental Protection and Risk Assessment of Organic Contaminants

Environmental Protection and Risk Assessment of Organic Contaminants
A Book

by Rai S. Kookana

  • Publisher : Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 12
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume addresses the issue of environmental protection and risk assessment of organic contaminants in the soil environment. It is based on selected papers presented during the second International Conference on Contaminants in Soil Environment, held in December 1999 in Delhi, India.

Pesticide Risk Assessment

Pesticide Risk Assessment
A Book

by Sumitra Arora

  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release : 2019-04-08
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 178064633X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Rice-based Production Systems

Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Rice-based Production Systems
Torino, Italy, 13-15 September 2004 : Proceedings of the Conference

by Aldo Ferrero,Francesco Vidotto

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 590
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators

Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators
A Book

by David Fischer,Tom Moriarty

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-04-29
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 1118852699
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pollinators play a vital role in ecosystem health and are essential to ensuring food security. With declines in both managed and wild pollinator populations in recent years, scientists and regulators have sought answers to this problem and have explored implementing steps to protect pollinator populations now and for the future. Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators focuses on the role pesticides play in impacting bee populations and looks to develop a risk assessment process, along with the data to inform that process, to better assess the potential risks that can accompany the use of pesticide products. Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators opens with two chapters that provide a biological background of both Apis and non-Apis species of pollinators. Chapters then present an overview of the general regulatory risk assessment process and decision-making processes. The book then discusses the core elements of a risk assessment, including exposure estimation, laboratory testing, and field testing. The book concludes with chapters on statistical and modeling tools, and proposed additional research that may be useful in developing the ability to assess the impacts of pesticide use on pollinator populations. Summarizing the current state of the science surrounding risk assessment for Apis and non-Apis species, Pesticide Risk Assessment for Pollinators is a timely work that will be of great use to the environmental science and agricultural research communities. Assesses pesticide risk to native and managed pollinators Summarizes the state of the science in toxicity testing and risk assessment Provides valuable biological overviews of both Apis and non-Apis pollinators Develops a plausible overall risk assessment framework for regulatory decision making Looks towards a globally harmonized approach for pollinator toxicity and risk assessment

The Use of Remote Sensing in Hydrology

The Use of Remote Sensing in Hydrology
A Book

by Frédéric Frappart,Luc Bourrel

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-06-01
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 3038429090
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "The Use of Remote Sensing in Hydrology" that was published in Water

Comparative Assessment of the Environmental Costs of Aquaculture and Other Food Production Sectors

Comparative Assessment of the Environmental Costs of Aquaculture and Other Food Production Sectors
Methods for Meaningful Comparisons : FAO

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 241
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The global food production sector is growing. In many areas farming systems are intensifying. This rapid growth has in some cases caused environmental damage. This document include an introduction and 12 review papers describing methods for such comparisons as well as the deliberations of their authors, a group of nineteen international experts on environmental economics, energy accounting, material and environmental flows analysis, aquaculture, agriculture and international development. Experts concluded that comparisons can be useful for addressing local development and zoning concerns, global issues of sustainability and trade and consumer preferences for inexpensive food produced in an environmentally sustainable manner. In order to be useful, however, methods to assess environmental costs should be scientifically based, comparable across different sectors, expandable to different scales, inclusive of externalities, practical to implement and easily understood by managers and policy-makers. Aquaculture in many locations and conditions is or could be much more environment friendly than other food sectors.--Publisher's description.

Active Media Technology

Active Media Technology
8th International Conference, AMT 2012, Macau, China, December 4-7, 2012, Proceedings

by Runhe Huang,Ali A. Ghorbani,Takahira Yamaguchi,Gabriella Pasi,Neil Yen,Beihong Jin

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-11-28
  • Pages : 671
  • ISBN : 3642352367
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Active Media Technology, AMT 2012, held in Macau, China, in December 2012. The 65 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from a numerous submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on awareness multi-agent systems, data mining, ontology mining, web reasoning, social applications of active media, human-centered computing, personalization and adaptation, smart digital art and e-learning.

Fate of Pesticides in the Atmosphere: Implications for Environmental Risk Assessment

Fate of Pesticides in the Atmosphere: Implications for Environmental Risk Assessment
Proceedings of a workshop organised by The Health Council of the Netherlands, held in Driebergen, The Netherlands, April 22–24, 1998

by Harrie F.G. van Dijk,W. Addo J. van Pul,Pim de Voogt

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-04-17
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 940171536X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global pesticide use is currently estimated at approximately 2. 5 billion kg per year (Pimentel eta/. , 1998). To be effective, pesticides need to persist for a certain period of time. However, the longer their persistence, the greater the potential for transport of a fraction of the amount applied away from the target area. Pesticides are dispersed in the environment by water currents, wind, or biota. Pesticides can directly contaminate ground and surface waters by leaching, surface run-off and drift. Pesticides can also enter the atmosphere during application by evaporation and drift of small spray droplets, that remain airborne. Following application, pesticides may volatilise from the crop or the soil. Finally, wind erosion can cause soil particles and dust loaded with pesticides to enter the atmosphere. The extent to which pesticides enter the air compartment is dependent upon many factors: the properties of the substance in question (e. g. vapour pressure), the amount used, the method of application, the formulation, the weather conditions (such as wind speed, temperature, humidity), the nature of the crop and soil characteristics. Measurements at application sites reveal that sometimes more than half of the amount applied is lost into the atmosphere within a few days (Spencer and Cliath, 1990; Taylor and Spencer; 1990; Van den Berg et a/. , this issue).

Rice Production Worldwide

Rice Production Worldwide
A Book

by Bhagirath S. Chauhan,Khawar Jabran,Gulshan Mahajan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-02-16
  • Pages : 563
  • ISBN : 3319475169
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses aspects of rice production in rice-growing areas of the world including origin, history, role in global food security, cropping systems, management practices, production systems, cultivars, as well as fertilizer and pest management. As one of the three most important grain crops that helps to fulfill food needs all across the globe, rice plays a key role in the current and future food security of the world. Currently, no book covers all aspects of rice production in the rice-growing areas of world. This book fills that gap by highlighting the diverse production and management practices as well as the various rice genotypes in the salient, rice-producing areas in Asia, Europe, Africa, the Americas, and Australia. Further, this text highlights harvesting, threshing, processing, yields and rice products and future research needs. Supplemented with illustrations and tables, this text is essential for students taking courses in agronomy and production systems as well as for agricultural advisers, county agents, extension specialists, and professionals throughout the industry.

Progress in pesticide risk assessment and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides in Asia

Progress in pesticide risk assessment and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides in Asia
A Book

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 2015-01-01
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 9251087091
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past 30 years, the FAO regional office in Bangkok has assisted countries in Asia and the Pacific region to establish pesticide legislation and regulations, and to manage these products in accordance with the Code of Conduct and other international conventions and treaties. Many workshops aimed at enhancing harmonization among countries’ regulatory frameworks for the control of pesticides have been conducted in the region. The most recent workshop on practical aspects of pesticide risk a ssessment and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides was conducted in Nanjing, China from 19 to 22 May 2014. This publication provides an updated status of pesticide risk reduction in Asian countries. It also contains databases of registered and banned pesticides, and important documents from the Nanjing workshop that serve to enhance closer cooperation among countries in phasing-out hazardous pesticides.

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture
Approaches, Tools and Advances

by Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-12-10
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 0128124660
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as well as occupational health and industrial hygiene practitioners, regulatory experts of corporate and public bodies, and advanced students. Covers pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from fundamentals to advanced theory Explains methods that are useful for both experts and non-experts Details the use of each method for exposure and risk assessment, also including links to additional resources and further reading

Applied Wetlands Science and Technology, Second Edition

Applied Wetlands Science and Technology, Second Edition
A Book

by Donald M. Kent

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2000-08-30
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 142003295X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Continuing the tradition of excellence established by the first edition, the Second Edition of Applied Wetlands Science and Technology provides the fundamentals for delineating, identifying, and regulating wetlands. It covers functions and values, ecological assessments, and how to minimize negative impacts on wetlands. The book also presents essential information on wetland creation, enhancement, restoration, and monitoring. Selected management topics include designing and managing wetlands for wildlife, managing coastal marshes, and wetlands education. Three new chapters in the Second Edition: Wetlands Mitigation Banking-discusses the purpose, policy, and technology of mitigation banking Watershed Management-covers the most current remediation technology as it pertains to wetlands Managing Global Wetlands-describes the classification and management of wetlands throughout the world Written by wetland professionals, this indispensable guide furnishes extensive information on how wetlands function, how they can be protected, and how they can be managed. Recognizing that each and every situation is unique and requires specific solutions, Applied Wetlands Science and Technology, Second Edition focuses on providing guidelines for effective decision making.

International Agricultural Law and Policy

International Agricultural Law and Policy
A Rights-Based Approach to Food Security

by Hope Johnson

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2018-10-26
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 178643945X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Globalised agriculture and food systems are at the crux of significant issues facing humanity from the rise in diet-related diseases to water pollution and biodiversity loss. Yet, legal scholarship on the regulation of agriculture and food is only now emerging. This timely book provides the first systematic analysis of the public international rules influencing agriculture. Each chapter considers the regulatory instruments that intersect with different components of agricultural systems from land tenure and soils through to agricultural in-puts and trade.