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Phenomena of Optical Metamaterials

Phenomena of Optical Metamaterials
A Book

by Ortwin Hess,Tatjana Gric

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-10-12
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 0128138971
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Phenomena of Optical Metamaterials provides an overview of phenomena enabled by artificial and designed metamaterials and their application for photonic devices. The book explores the study of active metamaterials with tunable and switchable properties and novel functionalities, such as the control of spontaneous emission and enhancement. Topics addressed cover theory, modelling and design, applications in practical devices, fabrication, characterization, and measurement, thus helping readers understand and develop new artificial, functional materials. Addresses disorder in metamaterials from the perspective of different viewpoints Introduces basic metamaterial modelling approaches and phenomena enabled by metamaterials Discusses the latest advances in metamaterials, including hyperbolic metamaterials, disorder in metamaterials, active metamaterials, quantum and atomic metamaterials

Theory and Phenomena of Metamaterials

Theory and Phenomena of Metamaterials
A Book

by Filippo Capolino

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-12-19
  • Pages : 974
  • ISBN : 1420054260
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Theory and Phenomena of Metamaterials offers an in-depth look at the theoretical background and basic properties of electromagnetic artificial materials, often called metamaterials. A volume in the Metamaterials Handbook, this book provides a comprehensive guide to working with metamaterials using topics presented in a concise review format along with numerous references. With contributions from leading researchers, this text covers all areas where artificial materials have been developed. Each chapter in the text features a concluding summary as well as various cross references to address a wide range of disciplines in a single volume.

Optical Metamaterials: Qualitative Models

Optical Metamaterials: Qualitative Models
Introduction to Nano-Optics and Optical Metamaterials

by Arkadi Chipouline,Franko Küppers

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-12-28
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 3319775200
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook bridges the gap between university courses on electrodynamics and the knowledge needed to successfully address the problem of electrodynamics of metamaterials. It appeals to both experimentalists and theoreticians who are interested in the physical basics of metamaterials and plasmonics. Focusing on qualitative fundamental treatment as opposed to quantitative numerical treatment, it covers the phenomena of artificial magnetization at high frequencies, and discusses homogenization procedures and the basics of quantum dynamics in detail. By considering different phenomena it creates a self-consistent qualitative picture to explain most observable phenomena. This allows readers to develop a better understanding of the concepts, and helps to create a conceptual approach, which is especially important in educational contexts. This clearly written book includes problems and solutions for each chapter, which can be used for seminars and homework, as well as qualitative models that are helpful to students.

Optical Metamaterials and Novel Optical Phenomena Based on Nanofabricated Structures

Optical Metamaterials and Novel Optical Phenomena Based on Nanofabricated Structures
A Book

by Y. Liu

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 56
  • ISBN : 9781510806108
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Zero Index Metamaterials

Zero Index Metamaterials
Trends and Applications

by Nishant Shankhwar,Ravindra Kumar Sinha

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-03-19
  • Pages : 141
  • ISBN : 9811601895
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the emerging regime of zero refractive index photonics, involving metamaterials that exhibit effectively zero refractive index. Metamaterials are artificial structures whose optical properties can be tailored at will. With metamaterials, intriguing and spellbinding phenomena like negative refraction and electromagnetic cloaking could be realized, which otherwise seem unnatural or straight out of science fiction. Zero index metamaterials are also seen as a means of boosting nonlinear properties and are believed to have strong prospects for being useful in nonlinear optical applications. In summary, this book highlights almost everything currently available on zero index metamaterials and is useful for professionally interested and motivated readers.

Optical Properties of Nanostructured Metallic Systems

Optical Properties of Nanostructured Metallic Systems
Studied with the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method

by Sergio G. Rodrigo

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-10-08
  • Pages : 163
  • ISBN : 9783642230851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The common belief is that light is completely reflected by metals. In reality they also exhibit an amazing property that is not so widely known: under some conditions light flows along a metallic surface as if it were glued to it. Physical phenomena related to these light waves, which are called Surface Plasmon Polaritons (SPP), have given rise to the research field of plasmonics. This thesis explores four interesting topics within plasmonics: extraordinary optical transmission, negative refractive index metamaterials, plasmonic devices for controlling SPPs, and field enhancement phenomena near metal nanoparticles.

Structured Surfaces as Optical Metamaterials

Structured Surfaces as Optical Metamaterials
A Book

by Alexei A. Maradudin

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2011-04-21
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1139497871
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optical metamaterials are an exciting new field in optical science. A rapidly developing class of these metamaterials are those that allow the manipulation of volume and surface electromagnetic waves in desirable ways by suitably structuring the surfaces they interact with. They have applications in a variety of fields, such as materials science, photovoltaic technology, imaging and lensing, beam shaping and lasing. Describing techniques and applications, this book is ideal for researchers and professionals working in metamaterials and plasmonics, as well as those just entering this exciting new field. It surveys different types of structured surfaces, their design and fabrication, their unusual optical properties, recent experimental observations and their applications. Each chapter is written by an expert in that area, giving the reader an up-to-date overview of the subject. Both the experimental and theoretical aspects of each topic are presented.

Nonlinearities in Periodic Structures and Metamaterials

Nonlinearities in Periodic Structures and Metamaterials
A Book

by Cornelia Denz,Sergej Flach,Yuri S. Kivshar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2010-03-11
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 3642020666
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optical information processing of the future is associated with a new generation of compact nanoscale optical devices operating entirely with light. Moreover, adaptive features such as self-guiding, reconfiguration and switching become more and more important. Nonlinear devices offer an enormous potential for these applications. Consequently, innovative concepts for all-optical communication and information technologies based on nonlinear effects in photonic-crystal physics and nanoscale devices as metamaterials are of high interest. This book focuses on nonlinear optical phenomena in periodic media, such as photonic crystals, optically-induced, adaptive lattices, atomic lattices or metamaterials. The main purpose is to describe and overview new physical phenomena that result from the interplay between nonlinearities and structural periodicities and is a guide to actual and future developments for the expert reader in optical information processing, as well as in the physics of cold atoms in optical lattices.

Negative-Refraction Metamaterials

Negative-Refraction Metamaterials
Fundamental Principles and Applications

by G. V. Eleftheriades,K. G. Balmain

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2005-08-08
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 0471744743
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Learn about the revolutionary new technology of negative-refractionmetamaterials Negative-Refraction Metamaterials: Fundamental Principles andApplications introduces artificial materials that support theunusual electromagnetic property of negative refraction. Readerswill discover several classes of negative-refraction materialsalong with their exciting, groundbreaking applications, such aslenses and antennas, imaging with super-resolution, microwavedevices, dispersion-compensating interconnects, radar, anddefense. The book begins with a chapter describing the fundamentals ofisotropic metamaterials in which a negative index of refraction isdefined. In the following chapters, the text builds on thefundamentals by describing a range of useful microwave devices andantennas. Next, a broad spectrum of exciting new research andemerging applications is examined, including: * Theory and experiments behind a super-resolving,negative-refractive-index transmission-line lens * 3-D transmission-line metamaterials with a negative refractiveindex * Numerical simulation studies of negative refraction of Gaussianbeams and associated focusing phenomena * Unique advantages and theory of shaped lenses made ofnegative-refractive-index metamaterials * A new type of transmission-line metamaterial that is anisotropicand supports the formation of sharp steerable beams (resonancecones) * Implementations of negative-refraction metamaterials at opticalfrequencies * Unusual propagation phenomena in metallic waveguides partiallyfilled with negative-refractive-index metamaterials * Metamaterials in which the refractive index and the underlyinggroup velocity are both negative This work brings together the best minds in this cutting-edgefield. It is fascinating reading for scientists, engineers, andgraduate-level students in physics, chemistry, materials science,photonics, and electrical engineering.

Functional Metamaterials and Metadevices

Functional Metamaterials and Metadevices
A Book

by Xingcun Colin Tong

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-09-14
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 3319660446
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To meet the demands of students, scientists and engineers for a systematic reference source, this book introduces, comprehensively and in a single voice, research and development progress in emerging metamaterials and derived functional metadevices. Coverage includes electromagnetic, optical, acoustic, thermal, and mechanical metamaterials and related metadevices. Metamaterials are artificially engineered composites with designed properties beyond those attainable in nature and with applications in all aspects of materials science. From spatially tailored dielectrics to tunable, dynamic materials properties and unique nonlinear behavior, metamaterial systems have demonstrated tremendous flexibility and functionality in electromagnetic, optical, acoustic, thermal, and mechanical engineering. Furthermore, the field of metamaterials has been extended from the mere pursuit of various exotic properties towards the realization of practical devices, leading to the concepts of dynamically-reconfigurable metadevices and functional metasurfaces. The book explores the fundamental physics, design, and engineering aspects, as well as the full array of state-of-the-art applications to electronics, telecommunications, antennas, and energy harvesting. Future challenges and potential in regard to design, modeling and fabrication are also addressed.

Luminescence in Electrochemistry

Luminescence in Electrochemistry
Applications in Analytical Chemistry, Physics and Biology

by Fabien Miomandre,Pierre Audebert

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-12-31
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN : 3319491377
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights the various topics in which luminescence and electrochemistry are intimately coupled. The topic of this book is clearly at the frontier between several scientific domains involving physics, chemistry and biology. Applications in these various fields naturally also need to be mentioned, especially concerning displays and advanced investigation techniques in analytical chemistry or for biomedical issues.

Hyperbolic Metamaterials

Hyperbolic Metamaterials
A Book

by Igor I Smolyaninov

  • Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • Release : 2018-03-23
  • Pages : 81
  • ISBN : 1681745666
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hyperbolic metamaterials were originally introduced to overcome the diffraction limit of optical imaging. Soon thereafter it was realized that hyperbolic metamaterials demonstrate a number of novel phenomena resulting from the broadband singular behavior of their density of photonic states. These novel phenomena and applications include super resolution imaging, new stealth technologies, enhanced quantum-electrodynamic effects, thermal hyperconductivity, superconductivity, and interesting gravitation theory analogs. Here I review typical material systems, which exhibit hyperbolic behavior and outline important new applications of hyperbolic metamaterials, such as imaging experiments with plasmonic hyperbolic metamaterials and novel VCSEL geometries, in which the Bragg mirrors may be engineered in such a way that they exhibit hyperbolic properties in the long wavelength infrared range, so that they may be used to efficiently remove excess heat from the laser cavity. I will also discuss potential applications of self-assembled photonic hypercrystals. This system bypasses 3D nanofabrication issues, which typically limit hyperbolic metamaterial applications. Photonic hypercrystals combine the most interesting features of hyperbolic metamaterials and photonic crystals.

Chirality, Magnetism and Magnetoelectricity

Chirality, Magnetism and Magnetoelectricity
Separate Phenomena and Joint Effects in Metamaterial Structures

by Eugene Kamenetskii

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 575
  • ISBN : 3030628442
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses theoretical and experimental advances in metamaterial structures, which are of fundamental importance to many applications in microwave and optical-wave physics and materials science. Metamaterial structures exhibit time-reversal and space-inversion symmetry breaking due to the effects of magnetism and chirality. The book addresses the characteristic properties of various symmetry breaking processes by studying field-matter interaction with use of conventional electromagnetic waves and novel types of engineered fields: twisted-photon fields, toroidal fields, and magnetoelectric fields. In a system with a combined effect of simultaneous breaking of space and time inversion symmetries, one observes the magnetochiral effect. Another similar phenomenon featuring space-time inversion symmetries is related to use of magnetoelectric materials. Cross-coupling of the electric and magnetic components in these material structures, leading to the appearance of new magnetic modes with an electric excitation channel -- electromagnons and skyrmions -- has resulted in a wealth of strong optical effects such as directional dichroism, magnetochiral dichroism, and rotatory power of the fields. This book contains multifaceted contributions from international leading experts and covers the essential aspects of symmetry-breaking effects, including theory, modeling and design, proven and potential applications in practical devices, fabrication, characterization and measurement. It is ideally suited as an introduction and basic reference work for researchers and graduate students entering this field.

Metafluids and Parity-time Symmetric Metamaterials

Metafluids and Parity-time Symmetric Metamaterials
New Optical Material Phases and Phenomena

by Hadiseh Alaeian

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Textbook conceptions of light-matter interactions have been challenged by two recent material ad- vances - the development of metamaterials and the introduction of parity-time (PT)-symmetric media. Metamaterials allow considerable control over the electric and magnetic elds of light, so that the permittivity, permeability, and refractive index can be tuned throughout positive, negative, and near-zero values. They have enabled negative refraction, optical lensing below the di raction limit of light, and invisibility cloaking. Complementarily, PT-symmetric media allow control over electromagnetic eld distributions in systems with balanced amounts of gain and loss, so that light propagation can be asymmetric and directional. They have enabled lossless Talbot revivals, unidi- rectional invisibility, and, combined with non-linear media, optical isolators. In this thesis, I will elaborate on our e orts to make new types of optical and asymmetric metamaterials, including metamaterials with negative optical permeability, metamaterials in liquid phase, and parity-time symmetric metamaterials. In the rst part, I will describe our theoretical and experimental works on plasmonic metamaterials both in the solid state and liquid phase. Here we have designed and demonstrated the rst uidic metamaterial, utilizing protein directed assembly to synthesize the constituent metamolecules. Both individual metamolecules and the bulk metamaterial solution show a strong isotropic magnetic polarizability at optical frequencies. Our calculations also indicate that these meta-molecules could enable negative refractive index liquids. In the second part, I will introduce the concept of PT-symmetric nanophotonic materials. We show how planar metallo-dielectric structures with balanced inclusion of gain and loss can be used for a variety of applications, including i) directional nanophotonic waveguides and modulators; ii) directional metamaterials that have di erent refractive indices when viewed from di erent sides; and iii) at Veselago lenses which can overcome the Rayleigh di raction limit of conventional optical microscopy. Further, I will show how these metamaterials can be used to control the emission of the electric, magnetic, and chiral emitters and suggest a non-chiral platform for enantio-speci c identi cation and selection.

Discrete and Continuum Models for Complex Metamaterials

Discrete and Continuum Models for Complex Metamaterials
A Book

by Francesco dell'Isola,David J. Steigmann

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2020-02-29
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 1107087732
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explores the relationship between discrete and continuum mechanics as a tool to model new and complex metamaterials. Including a comprehensive bibliography and historical review of the field, and a pedagogical mathematical treatment, it is ideal for graduate students and researchers in mechanical and civil engineering, and materials science.

Optical Metamaterials

Optical Metamaterials
Fundamentals and Applications

by Wenshan Cai,Vladimir Shalaev

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-12-01
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1441911510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metamaterials—artificially structured materials with engineered electromagnetic properties—have enabled unprecedented flexibility in manipulating electromagnetic waves and producing new functionalities. This book details recent advances in the study of optical metamaterials, ranging from fundamental aspects to up-to-date implementations, in one unified treatment. Important recent developments and applications such as superlens and cloaking devices are also treated in detail and made understandable. The planned monograph can serve as a very timely book for both newcomers and advanced researchers in this extremely rapid evolving field.

Gyroid Optical Metamaterials

Gyroid Optical Metamaterials
Solvent Vapour Annealing, Confined Crystallisation, and Optical Anisotropy

by James A. Dolan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-11-04
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN : 3030030113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis explores the fabrication of gyroid-forming block copolymer templates and the optical properties of the resulting gyroid optical metamaterials, significantly contributing to our understanding of both. It demonstrates solvent vapour annealing to improve the long-range order of the templates, and investigates the unique crystallisation behaviour of their semicrystalline block. Furthermore, it shows that gyroid optical metamaterials that exhibit only short-range order are optically equivalent to nanoporous gold, and that the anomalous linear dichroism of gyroid optical metamaterials with long-range order is the result of the surface termination of the bulk gyroid morphology. Optical metamaterials are artificially engineered materials that, by virtue of their structure rather than their chemistry, may exhibit various optical properties not otherwise encountered in nature (e.g. a negative refractive index). However, these structures must be significantly smaller than the wavelength of visible light and are therefore challenging to fabricate using traditional “top down” techniques. Instead, a “bottom up” approach can be used, whereby optical metamaterials are fabricated via templates created by the self-assembly of block-copolymers. One such morphology is the gyroid, a chiral, continuous and triply periodic cubic network found in a range of natural and synthetic self-assembled systems.

Tutorials in Metamaterials

Tutorials in Metamaterials
A Book

by Mikhail A. Noginov,Viktor A. Podolskiy

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-10-25
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 1420092189
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From science fiction to science laboratories Discover the State of the Art in Photonic Metamaterials Metamaterials—composite media with unusual optical properties—have revolutionized the landscape of optical science and engineering over the past decades. Metamaterials have transformed science-fiction-like concepts of superresolution imaging and optical cloaking to the realm of science laboratories, and further promise to transform these into the realm of our everyday life. This new era of optical metamaterials calls for the development of experimental and theoretical methods capable of analyzing optical behavior on the multitude of scales—from the nanometer scale of individual inhomogeneity, to the micrometer level and the larger scale of metamaterials-based devices. Tutorials in Metamaterials offers a collection of chapters that were designed as self-contained tutorials describing photonic metamaterials and the state of the art in metamaterials research. Chapters cover: Linear and nonlinear properties of photonic metamaterials and their potential applications Fabrication techniques for optical metamaterials, ranging from electron-beam lithography, focused ion beam milling, and nanoimprint lithography to direct laser writing Recent achievements in metatamerial research at visible, IR, and microwave frequencies Novel applications of metamaterials for light guiding, steering, and refraction Efforts to compensate and eliminate optical loss by introducing optical gain into the metamaterial matrix A comprehensive overview of metamaterial photonics, this reference is suitable for graduate students as well as physicists and engineers interested in entering this dynamic new field.

Nonlinear, Tunable and Active Metamaterials

Nonlinear, Tunable and Active Metamaterials
A Book

by Ilya V. Shadrivov,Mikhail Lapine,Yuri S. Kivshar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-11-01
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 3319083864
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metamaterials, artificial electromagnetic media achieved by structuring on the subwave-length-scale were initially suggested for the negative index and superlensing. They became a paradigm for engineering electromagnetic space and controlling propagation of waves. The research agenda is now shifting on achieving tuneable, switchable, nonlinear and sensing functionalities. The time has come to talk about the emerging research field of metadevices employing active and tunable metamaterials with unique functionalities achieved by structuring of functional matter on the subwave-length scale. This book presents the first systematic and comprehensive summary of the reviews written by the pioneers and top-class experts in the field of metamaterials. It addresses many grand challenges of the cutting edge research for creating smaller and more efficient photonic structures and devices.

From Optical Magnetism to Super-Resolution

From Optical Magnetism to Super-Resolution
A Book

by Yaroslav Urzhumov

  • Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
  • Release : 2010-06
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 9783838303901
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Effective medium theory of sub-wavelength metallic, polaritonic and dielectric nanostructures that encompasses their electric, magnetic and magneto-electric response at optical frequencies is introduced.Theory development is motivated by the recent surge of interest in electromagnetic metamaterials: nanostructured composites that may exhibit unusual or naturally unavailable electromagnetic properties. This work focuses on deeply sub-wavelength structures (with unit cell much smaller than wavelength), for which an electromagnetic homogenization theory is developed.The theory starts from purely electrostatic description of non-magnetic (metal-dielectric) composites and uses plasmon eigenfunctions as the basis.Magnetism and other retardation phenomena are taken into account as perturbations of electrostatic equations.Theoretic description is validated by experimental data on extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays in crystalline silicon carbide films.It is shown that one of the most amazing applications of optical metamaterials, known as the superlens, enables deeply sub-wavelength spatial resolution not limited by Abbe's resolution of a microscope.