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Phenotyping Crop Plants for Physiological and Biochemical Traits

Phenotyping Crop Plants for Physiological and Biochemical Traits
A Book

by P. Sudhakar,P. Latha,PV Reddy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-04-05
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 0128041102
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Phenotyping Crop Plants for Physiological and Biochemical Traits presents a proven range of methodologies and practices for effective, efficient, and appropriate typing of crop plants. By addressing the basic principles and precautions needed when conducting crop-based experiments, this book guides the reader in selecting the appropriate method based on the growing environment, whether greenhouse, pot, field, or liquid (hydroponic). By addressing the quantification of seed traits related to growth experiments, including their viability and vigor, this book presents methodology options for optimum yield based on potential abiotic stresses. Discusses various methods that can contribute to phenotyping of crop plants for various physiological and biochemical traits Presents reliable techniques for phenotyping or quantifying plant characters during varied climatic conditions Provides insights for selecting appropriate methodologies for specific crop growing situations Identifies the most appropriate protocols and methods for analyzing crop traits

Phenomics in Crop Plants: Trends, Options and Limitations

Phenomics in Crop Plants: Trends, Options and Limitations
A Book

by Jitendra Kumar,Aditya Pratap,Shiv Kumar

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-03-05
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 8132222261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Identification of desirable genotypes with traits of interest is discernible for making genetic improvement of crop plants. In this direction, screening of a large number of germplasm for desirable traits and transfer of identified traits into agronomic backgrounds through recombination breeding is the common breeding approach. Although visual screening is easier for qualitative traits, its use is not much effective for quantitative traits and also for those, which are difficult to score visually. Therefore, it is imperative to phenotype the germplasm accessions and breeding materials precisely using high throughput phenomics tools for challenging and complex traits under natural, controlled and harsh environmental conditions. Realizing the importance of phenotyping data towards identification and utilization of a germplasm as donors, global scientific community has exerted increased focus on advancing phenomics in crop plants leading to development of a number of techniques and methodologies for screening of agronomic, physiological, and biochemical traits. These technologies have now become much advanced and entered the era of digital science. This book provides exhaustive information on various aspects related to phenotyping of crop plants and offers a most comprehensive reference on the developments made in traditional and high throughput phenotyping of agricultural crops.

Biochemical Models of Leaf Photosynthesis

Biochemical Models of Leaf Photosynthesis
A Book

by Susanna Von Caemmerer

  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 165
  • ISBN : 9780643063792
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Increasing concerns of global climatic change have stimulated research in all aspects of carbon exchange. This has restored interest in leaf-photosynthetic models to predict and assess changes in photosynthetic CO2 assimilation in different environments. This is a comprehensive presentation of the most widely used models of steady-state photosynthesis by an author who is a world authority. Treatments of C3, C4 and intermediate pathways of photosynthesis in relation to environment have been updated to include work on antisense transgenic plants. It will be a standard reference for the formal analysis of photosynthetic metabolism in vivo by advanced students and researchers.

Intelligent Image Analysis for Plant Phenotyping

Intelligent Image Analysis for Plant Phenotyping
A Book

by Ashok Samal,Sruti Das Choudhury

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-21
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 1351709992
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Domesticated crops are the result of artificial selection for particular phenotypes or, in some cases, natural selection for an adaptive trait. Plant traits can be identified through image-based plant phenotyping, a process that was, until recently, strenous and time-consuming. Intelligent Image Analysis for Plant Phenotyping reviews information on time-saving techniques, using computer vision and imaging technologies. These methodologies provide an automated, non-invasive, and scalable mechanism by which to define and collect plant phenotypes. Beautifully illustrated, with numerous color images, the book focuses on phenotypes measured from individual plants under controlled experimental conditions, which are widely available in high-throughput systems. Features: Presents methodologies for image processing, including data-driven and machine learning techniques for plant phenotyping. Features information on advanced techniques for extracting phenotypes through images and image sequences captured in a variety of modalities. Includes real-world scientific problems, including predicting yield by modeling interactions between plant data and environmental information. Discusses the challenge of translating images into biologically informative quantitative phenotypes. A practical resource for students, researchers, and practitioners, this book is invaluable for those working in the emerging fields at the intersection of computer vision and plant sciences.

Biotic and Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants

Biotic and Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants
A Book

by Sharad Vats

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-06-11
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 9811090297
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights some of the most important biochemical, physiological and molecular aspects of plant stress, together with the latest updates. It is divided into 14 chapters, written by eminent experts from around the globe and highlighting the effects of plant stress (biotic and abiotic) on the photosynthetic apparatus, metabolites, programmed cell death, germination etc. In turn, the role of beneficial elements, glutathione-S-transferase, phosphite and nitric oxide in the adaptive response of plants under stress and as a stimulator of better plant performance is also discussed. A dedicated chapter addresses research advances in connection with Capsicum, a commercially important plant, and stress tolerance, from classical breeding to the recent use of large-scale transcriptome and genome sequencing technologies. The book also explores the significance of the liliputians of the plant kingdom (Bryophytes) as biomonitors/bioindicators, and general and specialized bioinformatics resources that can benefit anyone working in the field of plant stress biology. Given the information compiled here, the book will offer a valuable guide for students and researchers of plant molecular biology and stress physiology alike.

Biochemical, Physiological and Molecular Avenues for Combating Abiotic Stress in Plants

Biochemical, Physiological and Molecular Avenues for Combating Abiotic Stress in Plants
A Book

by Shabir Hussain Wani

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-06-12
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 0128130679
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biochemical, Physiological and Molecular Avenues for Combating Abiotic Stress in Plants is a must-have reference for researchers and professionals in agronomy, plant science and horticulture. As abiotic stress tolerance is a constant challenge for researchers and professionals working on improving crop production, this book combines recent advances with foundational content, thus offering in-depth coverage on a variety of abiotic stress tolerance mechanisms that help us better understand and improve plant response and growth under stress conditions. The mechanisms explored in this book include stress perception, signal transduction and synthesis of stress-related proteins and other molecules. In addition, the book provides a critical understanding of the networks of genes responsible for abiotic stress tolerance and their utilization in the development of stress tolerance in plants. Practical breeding techniques and modern genetic analyses are also discussed. Unlocks the physiological, biochemical and molecular basis of abiotic stress response and tolerance in crop plants Presents comprehensive information on abiotic stress tolerance, from gene to whole plant level Includes content on antioxidant metabolism, marker-assisted selection, microarrays, next-generation sequencing and genome editing techniques

Drought phenotyping in crops: From theory to practice

Drought phenotyping in crops: From theory to practice

by Philippe Monneveux,Jean-Marcel Ribaut,Antonia Okono

  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release : 2014-02-12
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889191818
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This topic is a unique attempt to simultaneously tackle theoretical and practical aspects in drought phenotyping, through both crop-specific and cross-cutting approaches. It is designed for – and will be of use to – practitioners and postgraduate students in plant science, who are grappling with the challenging task of evaluating germplasm performance under different water regimes. In Part I, different methodologies are presented for accurately characterising environmental conditions, implementing trials, and capturing and analysing the information this generates, regardless of the crop. Part II presents the state-of-art in research on adaptation to drought, and recommends specific protocols to measure different traits in major food crops (focusing on particular cereals, legumes and clonal crops). The topic is part of the CGIAR Generation Challenge Programme’s efforts to disseminate crop research information, tools and protocols, for improving characterisation of environments and phenotyping conditions. The goal is to enhance expertise in testing locations, and to stimulate the development and use of traits related to drought tolerance, as well as innovative protocols for crop characterisation and breeding.

Crop Breeding for Drought Resistance

Crop Breeding for Drought Resistance
A Book

by Lijun Luo,Hanwei Mei,Hui Xi,Roberto Tuberosa,Henry T. Nguyen,Baorong Lu

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-07-12
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 288945861X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Maize: Its Biology

Handbook of Maize: Its Biology
A Book

by Jeff L. Bennetzen,Sarah C. Hake

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-12-25
  • Pages : 587
  • ISBN : 9780387794181
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Maize: Its Biology centers on the past, present and future of maize as a model for plant science research and crop improvement. The book includes brief, focused chapters from the foremost maize experts and features a succinct collection of informative images representing the maize germplasm collection.

Intelligent Image Analysis for Plant Phenotyping

Intelligent Image Analysis for Plant Phenotyping
A Book

by Ashok Samal,Sruti Das Choudhury

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-21
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 1351709992
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Domesticated crops are the result of artificial selection for particular phenotypes or, in some cases, natural selection for an adaptive trait. Plant traits can be identified through image-based plant phenotyping, a process that was, until recently, strenous and time-consuming. Intelligent Image Analysis for Plant Phenotyping reviews information on time-saving techniques, using computer vision and imaging technologies. These methodologies provide an automated, non-invasive, and scalable mechanism by which to define and collect plant phenotypes. Beautifully illustrated, with numerous color images, the book focuses on phenotypes measured from individual plants under controlled experimental conditions, which are widely available in high-throughput systems. Features: Presents methodologies for image processing, including data-driven and machine learning techniques for plant phenotyping. Features information on advanced techniques for extracting phenotypes through images and image sequences captured in a variety of modalities. Includes real-world scientific problems, including predicting yield by modeling interactions between plant data and environmental information. Discusses the challenge of translating images into biologically informative quantitative phenotypes. A practical resource for students, researchers, and practitioners, this book is invaluable for those working in the emerging fields at the intersection of computer vision and plant sciences.

Phenomics

Phenomics
A Book

by John Doonan,Marcos Egea-Cortines

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2018-11-08
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889456072
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Phenomics" is an emerging area of research whose aspiration is the systematic measurement of the physical, physiological and biochemical traits (the phenome) belonging to a given individual or collection of individuals. Non-destructive or minimally invasive techniques allow repeated measurements across time to follow phenotypes as a function of developmental time. These longitudinal traits promise new insights into the ways in which crops respond to their environment including how they are managed. To maximize the benefit, these approaches should ideally be scalable so that large populations in multiple environments can be sampled repeatedly at reasonable cost. Thus, the development and validation of non-contact sensing technologies remains an area of intensive activity that ranges from Remote Sensing of crops within the landscape to high resolution at the subcellular level. Integration of this potentially highly dimensional data and linking it with variation at the genetic level is an ongoing challenge that promises to release the potential of both established and under-exploited crops.

Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants, Vol 1

Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants, Vol 1
Physiology and Biochemistry

by Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Shabir Hussain Wani,Soumen Bhattacharjee,David J Burritt,Lam-Son Phan Tran

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-05-25
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 3319288997
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abiotic stress adversely affects crop production worldwide, decreasing average yields for most of the crops to 50%. Among various abiotic stresses affecting agricultural production, drought stress is considered to be the main source of yield reduction around the globe. Due to an increasing world population, drought stress will lead to a serious food shortage by 2050. The situation may become worse due to predicated global climate change that may multiply the frequency and duration and severity of such abiotic stresses. Hence, there is an urgent need to improve our understanding on complex mechanisms of drought stress tolerance and to develop modern varieties that are more resilient to drought stress. Identification of the potential novel genes responsible for drought tolerance in crop plants will contribute to understanding the molecular mechanism of crop responses to drought stress. The discovery of novel genes, the analysis of their expression patterns in response to drought stress, and the determination of their potential functions in drought stress adaptation will provide the basis of effective engineering strategies to enhance crop drought stress tolerance. Although the in-depth water stress tolerance mechanisms is still unclear, it can be to some extent explained on the basis of ion homeostasis mediated by stress adaptation effectors, toxic radical scavenging, osmolyte biosynthesis, water transport, and long distance signaling response coordination. Importantly, complete elucidation of the physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms for drought stress, perception, transduction, and tolerance is still a challenge to the plant biologists. The findings presented in volume 1 call attention to the physiological and biochemical modalities of drought stress that influence crop productivity, whereas volume 2 summarizes our current understanding on the molecular and genetic mechanisms of drought stress resistance in plants.

Genetic Engineering of Crop Plants for Abiotic Stress

Genetic Engineering of Crop Plants for Abiotic Stress
Proceedings of APEC/JIRCAS Joint Symposium and Workshop on Agricultural Biotechnology, 3-7 September, 2001, Bangkok, Thailand

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 98
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant Phenotyping and Phenomics for Plant Breeding

Plant Phenotyping and Phenomics for Plant Breeding
A Book

by Gustavo A. Lobos,Anyela V. Camargo,Alejandro del Pozo,Jose L. Araus,Rodomiro Ortiz,John H. Doonan

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2018-08-16
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889455327
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As a consequence of the global climate change, both the reduction on yield potential and the available surface area of cultivated species will compromise the production of food needed for a constant growing population. There is consensus about the significant gap between world food consumption projected for the coming decades and the expected crop yield-improvements, which are estimated to be insufficient to meet the demand. The complexity of this scenario will challenge breeders to develop cultivars that are better adapted to adverse environmental conditions, therefore incorporating a new set of morpho-physiological and physico-chemical traits; a large number of these traits have been found to be linked to heat and drought tolerance. Currently, the only reasonable way to satisfy all these demands is through acquisition of high-dimensional phenotypic data (high-throughput phenotyping), allowing researchers with a holistic comprehension of plant responses, or ‘Phenomics’. Phenomics is still under development. This Research Topic aims to be a contribution to the progress of methodologies and analysis to help understand the performance of a genotype in a given environment.

Water Stress and Crop Plants

Water Stress and Crop Plants
A Sustainable Approach

by Parvaiz Ahmad

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-06-08
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 111905446X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plants are subjected to a variety of abiotic stresses such as drought, temperature, salinity, air pollution, heavy metals, UV radiations, etc. To survive under these harsh conditions plants are equipped with different resistance mechanisms which vary from species to species. Due to the environmental fluctuations agricultural and horticultural crops are often exposed to different environmental stresses leading to decreased yield and problems in the growth and development of the crops. Drought stress has been found to decrease the yield to an alarming rate of some important crops throughout the globe. During last few decades, lots of physiological and molecular works have been conducted under water stress in crop plants. Water Stress and Crop Plants: A Sustainable Approach presents an up-to-date in-depth coverage of drought and flooding stress in plants, including the types, causes and consequences on plant growth and development. It discusses the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches, and responses of crop plants towards water stress. Topics include nutritional stress, oxidative stress, hormonal regulation, transgenic approaches, mitigation of water stress, approaches to sustainability, and modern tools and techniques to alleviate the water stress on crop yields. This practical book offers pragmatic guidance for scientists and researchers in plant biology, and agribusinesses and biotechnology companies dealing with agronomy and environment, to mitigate the negative effects of stress and improve yield under stress. The broad coverage also makes this a valuable guide enabling students to understand the physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms of environmental stress in plants.

Actinobacteria

Actinobacteria
Basics and Biotechnological Applications

by Dharumadurai Dhanasekaran,Yi Jiang

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-02-11
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9535122487
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents an introductory overview of Actinobacteria with three main divisions: taxonomic principles, bioprospecting, and agriculture and industrial utility, which covers isolation, cultivation methods, and identification of Actinobacteria and production and biotechnological potential of antibacterial compounds and enzymes from Actinobacteria. Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on plant growth-promoting (PGP) and pollutant degrading ability of Actinobacteria and the exploitation of Actinobacteria as ecofriendly nanofactories for biosynthesis of nanoparticles, such as gold and silver. This book will be beneficial for the graduate students, teachers, researchers, biotechnologists, and other professionals, who are interested to fortify and expand their knowledge about Actinobacteria in the field of Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biomedical Science, Plant Science, Agriculture, Plant pathology, Environmental Science, etc.

Yield Formation in the Main Field Crops

Yield Formation in the Main Field Crops
A Book

by Jiří Petr,V. Černý,L. Hruška

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book gives a detailed overview of production processes and yield formation in field crops and permanent grasslands. Yield formation is discussed by the authors as a dynamic process, involving many factors at each stage. Knowledge of the optimum levels of individual yield components makes it possible to control this dynamic process. It is intended that this approach will help to point out gaps in the understanding of the production processes and indicate the direction for further research on this subject. The authors report on various aspects which are involved in yield formation, such as uptake of nutrients, root growth, water use, photosynthesis, transport, distribution and accumulation of photosynthates, etc. A separate chapter discusses the production process as seen from a genetic standpoint. It includes an analysis of phenotype and genotype with respect to production potential, also the heredity, variability of yield potential and new cultivation methods are mentioned. The main part of the book deals with the theory and practice of yield formation in cereals, maize, legumes, sugarbeet, potatoes, clovers and perennial grass stands.

Climate Change and Crop Production

Climate Change and Crop Production
Foundations for Agroecosystem Resilience

by Noureddine Benkeblia

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-12-07
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 1315391848
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Key features: Describes the effects and responses of the macro and micro levels of crops under the different components of climate change Reports on the adaptation and resilience of food production systems within the changing climate Covers how plants cope with the changing climate including physiological, biochemical, phenotype, and ecosystem responses Provides an in-depth discussion on the importance of agricultural education connected to climate change Presenting an overview of agroecology within the framework of climate change, this book looks at the impact of our changing climate on crop production and agroecosystems, reporting on how plants will cope with these changes, and how we can mitigate these negative impacts to ensure food production for the growing population. It explores the ways that farmers can confront the challenges of climate change, with contributed chapters from around the world demonstrating the different challenges associated with differing climates. Examples are provided of the approaches being taken right now to expand the ecological, physiological, morphological, and productive potential of a range of crop types. Giving readers a greater understanding of the mechanisms of plant resilience to climate change, this book provides new insights into improving the productivity of an individual crop species as well as bringing resistance and resiliency to the entire agroecosystem. It offers a strong foundation for changing research and education programs so that they build the resistance and resilience that will be needed for the uncertain climate future ahead.

Environmental Stress in Crop Plants

Environmental Stress in Crop Plants
A Book

by G. S. Dhaliwal,Ramesh Arora

  • Publisher : Commonwealth Publishers (India)
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 315
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency

Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency
Molecular and Genomic Perspectives in Crop Plants

by Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Takehiro Kamiya,David Burritt,Lam-Son Phan Tran,Toru Fujiwara

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-07-27
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 0128112948
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency presents an up-to-date overview of the latest research on the molecular and genetic basis of macro-nutrient use efficiency (NUE) in plants, and strategies that can be used to improve NUE and nutrient-associated stress tolerance in crop plants. Plant NUE is a measure of how efficiently plants use available nutrients and an understanding of plant NUE has the potential to help improve the use of limited natural resources and to help achieve global food security. This book presents information important for the development of crop plants with improved macro-NUE, a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop production into noncompetitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and for helping to prevent environmental contamination. Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency provides a comprehensive overview of the complex mechanisms regulating macro-NUE in crop plants, which is required if plant breeders are to develop modern crop varieties that are more resilient to nutrient-associated stress. Identification of genes responsible for macro-NUE and nutrient-related stress tolerance in crop plants will help us to understand the molecular mechanisms associated with the responses of crop plants to nutrient stress. This volume contains both fundamental and advanced information, and critical commentaries useful for those in all fields of plant science research. Provides details of molecular and genetic aspects of NUE in crop plants and model plant systems Presents information on major macronutrients, nutrient sensing and signaling, and the molecular and genomic issues associated with primary and secondary macronutrients Delivers information on how molecular genetic information associated with NUE can be used to develop plant breeding programs Includes contributions from world-leading plant nutrition research groups