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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology
A Book

by Daniel Weiskopf,Fred Adams

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2015-01-15
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 9780521740203
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychology aims to give us a scientific account of how the mind works. But what does it mean to have a science of the mental, and what sort of picture of the mind emerges from our best psychological theories? This book addresses these philosophical puzzles in a way that is accessible to readers with little or no background in psychology or neuroscience. Using clear and detailed case studies and drawing on up-to-date empirical research, it examines perception and action, the link between attention and consciousness, the modularity of mind, how we understand other minds, and the influence of language on thought, as well as the relationship between mind, brain, body, and world. The result is an integrated and comprehensive overview of much of the architecture of the mind, which will be valuable for both students and specialists in philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science.

Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Readings in Philosophy and Cognitive Science
A Book

by Alvin I. Goldman

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 860
  • ISBN : 9780262571005
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This collection of readings shows how cognitive science can influence most of the primary branches of philosophy, as well as how philosophy critically examines the foundations of cognitive science. Its broad coverage extends beyond current texts that focus mainly on the impact of cognitive science on philosophy of mind and philosophy of psychology, to include materials that are relevant to five other branches of philosophy: epistemology, philosophy of science (and mathematics), metaphysics, language, and ethics. The readings are organized by philosophical fields, with selections evenly divided between philosophers and cognitive scientists. They draw on research in numerous areas of cognitive science, including cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, social psychology, psychology of reasoning and judgment, artificial intelligence, linguistics, and neuropsychology. There are timely treatments of current topics and debates such as the innate understanding of number, children's theory of mind, self-knowledge, consciousness, connectionism, and ethics and cognitive science.

Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science

Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2006-10-23
  • Pages : 522
  • ISBN : 9780080466620
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychology is the study of thinking, and cognitive science is the interdisciplinary investigation of mind and intelligence that also includes philosophy, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. In these investigations, many philosophical issues arise concerning methods and central concepts. The Handbook of Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science contains 16 essays by leading philosophers of science that illuminate the nature of the theories and explanations used in the investigation of minds. Topics discussed include representation, mechanisms, reduction, perception, consciousness, language, emotions, neuroscience, and evolutionary psychology. Comprehensive coverage of philosophy of psychology and cognitive science Distinguished contributors: leading philosophers in this area Contributions closely tied to relevant scientific research

Cartographies of the Mind

Cartographies of the Mind
Philosophy and Psychology in Intersection

by Massimo Marraffa,Mario De Caro,Francesco Ferretti

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-06-04
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 1402054440
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a collection of essays exploring some classical dimensions of mind both from the perspective of an empirically-informed philosophy and from the point of view of a philosophically-informed psychology. The chapters reflect the different forms of interaction in an effort to clarify issues and debates concerning some traditional cognitive capacities. The result is a philosophically and scientifically up-to-date collection of "cartographies of the mind".

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology

The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology
A Book

by John Symons,Sarah Robins,Paco Calvo

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2009-09-11
  • Pages : 700
  • ISBN : 1134155794
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology is an invaluable guide and major reference source to the major topics, problems, concepts and debates in philosophy of psychology and is the first companion of its kind. A team of renowned international contributors provide forty-two chapters organised into six clear parts: I. Historical background to the philosophy of psychology II. Psychological explanation III. Cognition and representation IV. The biological basis of psychology V. Perceptual experience VI. Personhood The Companion covers key topics such as the origins of experimental psychology; folk psychology; behaviorism and functionalism; philosophy, psychology and neuroscience; the language of thought, modularity, nativism and representational theories of mind; consciousness and the senses; personal identity; the philosophy of psychopathology and dreams, emotion and temporality. Essential reading for all students of philosophy of mind, science and psychology, The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology will also be of interest to anyone studying psychology and its related disciplines.

The Human Person

The Human Person
What Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas Offer Modern Psychology

by Thomas L. Spalding,James M. Stedman,Christina L. Gagné,Matthew Kostelecky

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-12-13
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 3030339122
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces the Aristotelian-Thomistic view of the human person to a contemporary audience, and reviews the ways in which this view could provide a philosophically sound foundation for modern psychology. The book presents the current state of psychology and offers critiques of the current philosophical foundations. In its presentation of the fundamental metaphysical commitments of the Aristotelian-Thomistic view, it places the human being within the broader understanding of the world. Chapters discuss the Aristotelian-Thomistic view of human and non-human cognition as well as the relationship between cognition and emotion. In addition, the book discusses the Aristotelian-Thomistic conception of human growth and development, including how the virtue theory relates to current psychological approaches to normal human development, the development of character problems that lead to psychopathology, current conceptions of positive psychology, and the place of the individual in the social world. The book ends with a summary of how Aristotelian-Thomistic theory relates to science in general and psychology in particular. The Human Person will be of interest to psychologists and cognitive scientists working within a number of subfields, including developmental psychology, social psychology, cognitive psychology, and clinical psychology, and to philosophers working on the philosophy of psychology, philosophy of mind, and the interaction between historical philosophy and contemporary science, as well as linguists and computer scientists interested in psychology of language and artificial intelligence.

Cognitive Science

Cognitive Science
An Introduction to the Science of the Mind

by José Luis Bermúdez

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2014-03-27
  • Pages : 553
  • ISBN : 1107051622
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cognitive Science combines the interdisciplinary streams of cognitive science into a unified narrative in an all-encompassing introduction to the field. This text presents cognitive science as a discipline in its own right, and teaches students to apply the techniques and theories of the cognitive scientist's 'toolkit' - the vast range of methods and tools that cognitive scientists use to study the mind. Thematically organized, rather than by separate disciplines, Cognitive Science underscores the problems and solutions of cognitive science, rather than those of the subjects that contribute to it - psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, etc. The generous use of examples, illustrations, and applications demonstrates how theory is applied to unlock the mysteries of the human mind. Drawing upon cutting-edge research, the text has been updated and enhanced to incorporate new studies and key experiments since the first edition. A new chapter on consciousness has also been added.

The Cognitive Basis of Science

The Cognitive Basis of Science
A Book

by Peter Carruthers,Stephen Stich,Michael Siegal

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2002-05-02
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 9780521812290
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What makes science possible? Specifically, what features of the human mind, of human cognitive development, and of human social arrangements permit and facilitate the conduct of science? The essays in this volume address these questions, which are inherently interdisciplinary, requiring co-operation between philosophers, psychologists, and others in the social and cognitive sciences. They concern the cognitive, social, and motivational underpinnings of scientific reasoning in children and lay persons as well as in professional scientists.

Cognitive Science

Cognitive Science
A Philosophical Introduction

by Rom Harre

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2002-02-18
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1446241793
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first major textbook to offer a truly comprehensive review of cognitive science in its fullest sense. Ranging from artificial intelligence models of neural processes and cognitive psychology to recent discursive and cultural theories, Rom Harré offers an original yet accessible integration of the field. At its core, this textbook addresses the question 'How can psychology become a science?'. The answer is based on a clear account of method and explanation in the natural sciences and how they can be adapted to psychological research. Rom Harré has used his experience of both the natural and the human sciences to create a text on which exciting and insightful courses can be built in many ways. The text is based on the idea that underlying the long history of attempts to create a scientific psychology there are many unexamined presuppositions that must be brought to light. Whether describing language, categorization, memory, the brain or connectionism the book always links our intuitions about how we think, feel and act in the contexts of everyday life to the latest accounts of the neural tools with which we accomplish the cognitive tasks demanded of us. Computational and biological models are used to link the discursive analysis of everyday cognition to the necessary activities of the brain and nervous system. Fluently written and well structured, this is an ideal text for students who want to gain a comprehensive view of the current state of the art with its seeming divergence into studies of meanings and studies of neurology. The book is divided into four basic modules, with suggestions for three lectures in each. The plan is related to the overall pattern of the semester programme. The reader is guided with helpful learning points, sections of study questions for review, and key readings for each chapter. Cognitive Science: A Philosophical Introduction, with its remarkable sweep of themes, past and present, truly introduces 'the science of the mind' for a new generation of psychology students. Cognitive Science should be indispensable reading for students at all levels taking courses in cognitive science and cognitive psychology, and useful additional course reading in other areas such as social psychology, artificial intelligence, philosophy of the mind and linguistics. Key Points · First major textbook to provide a link between computational, philosophical and biological models in an accessible format for students. Presents a new vision of psychology as a scientific discipline. · Breadth of coverage - ranging from artificial intelligence, to key themes & theories in cognitive science (past and present) - language, memory, the brain and behaviour - to recent discursive and cultural theories. · Plenty of student features to help the student and tutor including helpful learning points, study and essay questions and key readings at the end of every chapter.

Annals of Theoretical Psychology

Annals of Theoretical Psychology
A Book

by Leendert P. Mos

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 1461564530
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This discipline has become more reflective in recent years. It has also become blatantly philosophical, which is itself cause for reflection. The philosophy of psychology has not been exactly a burgeoning field, and yet psychologists and philosophers of all persuasions are writing philosophical psychology. Perhaps all this activity merely reflects the uneasy bifurcation of psychology into biological and cognitive domains. After all, there were similar flurries in the 1920s and 1950s when the discipline assumed new directions. But, before, there were too many things to do; scientific knowing seemed so compelling and so singular in methodology. Today, the entire enterprise is much more uncertain, and not just psychology, but all human scientific inquiry. The fun damental questions remain much the same, of course; what has changed is that philosophers are explicitly addressing questions of psy chology and psychologists are at least implicitly engaged in philosophy. The bounderies are no longer clear cut! Theoretical psychology is as much the doing of philosophy as it is of experimental research. Volume 4 of these Annals attests to this state of affairs. The psychologists' style reflects their philosophical understanding; the philosophers differ according to what they take to be psychological knowledge.

Philosophical Applications Of Cognitive Science

Philosophical Applications Of Cognitive Science
A Book

by Alvin I. Goldman,Board of Governors Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science Alvin I Goldman

  • Publisher : Westview Press
  • Release : 1993-04-19
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this short, accessible, and entertaining book, Alvin Goldman presents a masterly survey of recent work in cognitive science that has particular relevance to philosophy. Besides reviewing the most suggestive work in cognitive and social psychology, Goldman demonstrates conclusively that the best work in philosophy in a surprising number of different fields—including not just philosophy of mind but also philosophy of science, epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics—must take into account empirical breakthroughs in psychology.

The Intellectual Powers

The Intellectual Powers
A Study of Human Nature

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2013-09-10
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN : 1444332473
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Intellectual Powers is a philosophical investigationinto the cognitive and cogitative powers of mankind. It develops aconnective analysis of our powers of consciousness, intentionality,mastery of language, knowledge, belief, certainty, sensation,perception, memory, thought, and imagination, by one ofBritain’s leading philosophers. It is an essential guide andhandbook for philosophers, psychologists, and cognitiveneuroscientists. The culmination of 45 years of reflection on the philosophy ofmind, epistemology, and the nature of the human person No other book in epistemology or philosophy of psychologyprovides such extensive overviews of consciousness,self-consciousness, intentionality, mastery of a language,knowledge, belief, memory, sensation and perception, thought andimagination Illustrated with tables, tree-diagrams, and charts to provideoverviews of the conceptual relationships disclosed byanalysis Written by one of Britain’s best philosophical minds A sequel to Hacker’s Human Nature: The CategorialFramework An essential guide and handbook for all who are working inphilosophy of mind, epistemology, psychology, cognitive science,and cognitive neuroscience

Philosophy of Mind

Philosophy of Mind
An Overview for Cognitive Science

by William Bechtel

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN : 9780805802184
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Specifically designed to make the philosophy of mind intelligible to those not trained in philosophy, this book provides a concise overview for students and researchers in the cognitive sciences. Emphasizing the relevance of philosophical work to investigations in other cognitive sciences, this unique text examines such issues as the meaning of language, the mind-body problem, the functionalist theories of cognition, and intentionality. As he explores the philosophical issues, Bechtel draws connections between philosophical views and theoretical and experimental work in such disciplines as cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence, linguistics, neuroscience, and anthropology.

The Logical Foundations of Cognition

The Logical Foundations of Cognition
A Book

by John Macnamara,Gonzalo E. Reyes

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 0195092163
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Authored by an outstanding collection of leading theorists and researchers from a range of disciplines, this book details the inadequacies of classical logic in its handling of ordinary language and reveals the prospects for applying a synthesis of logic and psychology to cognitive psychology, linguistics, and the philosophy of language.

Philosophy, Psychology, and Psychologism

Philosophy, Psychology, and Psychologism
Critical and Historical Readings on the Psychological Turn in Philosophy

by Dale Jacquette

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003-05-31
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 140201337X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a remarkable diversity of contemporary opinions on the prospects of addressing philosophical topics from a psychological perspective. It considers the history and philosophical merits of psychologism, and looks systematically at psychologism in phenomenology, cognitive science, epistemology, logic, philosophy of language, philosophical semantics, and artificial intelligence.

Cognition, Agency and Rationality

Cognition, Agency and Rationality
Proceedings of the Fifth International Colloquium on Cognitive Science

by K. Korta,E. Sosa,X. Arrazola

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-09
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 9401710708
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As usual, the Proceedings of the International Colloquium on Cognitive Science include leading-edge work by outstanding researchers in the field. This volume contains three kinds of papers corresponding to three of the main disciplines in cognitive science: philosophy, psychology, and artificial intelligence. The title - Cognition, Agency and Rationality - captures the main issues addressed by the papers. Of course, all are concerned with cognition, but some are especially centred on the very concept of rationality, while others focus on (multiple) agency. The diversity of their disciplinary origins and standpoints not only reflects the main topics and the range of different positions presented at ICCS-97, as well as demonstrating the richness, fruitfulness and diversity of research in cognitive science today.

Perception, Realism, and the Problem of Reference

Perception, Realism, and the Problem of Reference
A Book

by Athanassios Raftopoulos,Peter Machamer

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2012-04-12
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1107375932
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the perennial themes in philosophy is the problem of our access to the world around us; do our perceptual systems bring us into contact with the world as it is or does perception depend upon our individual conceptual frameworks? This volume of new essays examines reference as it relates to perception, action and realism, and the questions which arise if there is no neutral perspective or independent way to know the world. The essays discuss the nature of referring, concentrating on the way perceptual reference links us with the observable world, and go on to examine the implications of theories of perceptual reference for realism and the way in which scientific theories refer and thus connect us with the world. They will be of interest to a wide range of readers in philosophy of science, epistemology, philosophy of psychology, cognitive science and action theory.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Psychology
A Book

by Daniel Weiskopf,Fred Adams

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2015-01-15
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1316239535
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychology aims to give us a scientific account of how the mind works. But what does it mean to have a science of the mental, and what sort of picture of the mind emerges from our best psychological theories? This book addresses these philosophical puzzles in a way that is accessible to readers with little or no background in psychology or neuroscience. Using clear and detailed case studies and drawing on up-to-date empirical research, it examines perception and action, the link between attention and consciousness, the modularity of mind, how we understand other minds, and the influence of language on thought, as well as the relationship between mind, brain, body, and world. The result is an integrated and comprehensive overview of much of the architecture of the mind, which will be valuable for both students and specialists in philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science.

The Future of the Cognitive Revolution

The Future of the Cognitive Revolution
A Book

by David Johnson,Christina Erneling

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 1997-04-24
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0195356047
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The basic idea of the particular way of understanding mental phenomena that has inspired the "cognitive revolution" is that, as a result of certain relatively recent intellectual and technological innovations, informed theorists now possess a more powerfully insightful comparison or model for mind than was available to any thinkers in the past. The model in question is that of software, or the list of rules for input, output, and internal transformations by which we determine and control the workings of a computing machine's hardware. Although this comparison and its many implications have dominated work in the philosophy, psychology, and neurobiology of mind since the end of the Second World War, it now shows increasing signs of losing its once virtually unquestioned preeminence. Thus we now face the question of whether it is possible to repair and save this model by means of relatively inessential "tinkering", or whether we must reconceive it fundamentally and replace it with something different. In this book, twenty-eight leading scholars from diverse fields of "cognitive science"-linguistics, psychology, neurophysiology, and philosophy- present their latest, carefully considered judgements about what they think will be the future course of this intellectual movement, that in many respects has been a watershed in our contemporary struggles to comprehend that which is crucially significant about human beings. Jerome Bruner, Noam Chomsky, Margaret Boden, Ulric Neisser, Rom Harre, Merlin Donald, among others, have all written chapters in a non-technical style that can be enjoyed and understood by an inter-disciplinary audience of psychologists, philosophers, anthropologists, linguists, and cognitive scientists alike.

Science as Psychology

Science as Psychology
Sense-Making and Identity in Science Practice

by Lisa M. Osbeck,Nancy J. Nersessian,Kareen R. Malone,Wendy C. Newstetter

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2010-11-22
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1139495135
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Science as Psychology reveals the complexity and richness of rationality by demonstrating how social relationships, emotion, culture, and identity are implicated in the problem-solving practices of laboratory scientists. In this study, the authors gather and analyze interview and observational data from innovation-focused laboratories in the engineering sciences to show how the complex practices of laboratory research scientists provide rich psychological insights, and how a better understanding of science practice facilitates understanding of human beings more generally. The study focuses not on dismantling the rational core of scientific practice, but on illustrating how social, personal, and cognitive processes are intricately woven together in scientific thinking. The book is thus a contribution to science studies, the psychology of science, and general psychology.