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Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency

Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency
Molecular and Genomic Perspectives in Crop Plants

by Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Takehiro Kamiya,David Burritt,Lam-Son Phan Tran,Toru Fujiwara

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-07-27
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 0128112948
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency presents an up-to-date overview of the latest research on the molecular and genetic basis of macro-nutrient use efficiency (NUE) in plants, and strategies that can be used to improve NUE and nutrient-associated stress tolerance in crop plants. Plant NUE is a measure of how efficiently plants use available nutrients and an understanding of plant NUE has the potential to help improve the use of limited natural resources and to help achieve global food security. This book presents information important for the development of crop plants with improved macro-NUE, a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop production into noncompetitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and for helping to prevent environmental contamination. Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency provides a comprehensive overview of the complex mechanisms regulating macro-NUE in crop plants, which is required if plant breeders are to develop modern crop varieties that are more resilient to nutrient-associated stress. Identification of genes responsible for macro-NUE and nutrient-related stress tolerance in crop plants will help us to understand the molecular mechanisms associated with the responses of crop plants to nutrient stress. This volume contains both fundamental and advanced information, and critical commentaries useful for those in all fields of plant science research. Provides details of molecular and genetic aspects of NUE in crop plants and model plant systems Presents information on major macronutrients, nutrient sensing and signaling, and the molecular and genomic issues associated with primary and secondary macronutrients Delivers information on how molecular genetic information associated with NUE can be used to develop plant breeding programs Includes contributions from world-leading plant nutrition research groups

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants
Concepts and Approaches

by Malcolm J. Hawkesford,Stanislav Kopriva,Luit J. De Kok

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-11-14
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN : 331910635X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants: Concepts and Approaches is the ninth volume in the Plant Ecophysiology series. It presents a broad overview of topics related to improvement of nutrient use efficiency of crops. Nutrient use efficiency (NUE) is a measure of how well plants use the available mineral nutrients. It can be defined as yield (biomass) per unit input (fertilizer, nutrient content). NUE is a complex trait: it depends on the ability to take up the nutrients from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant, and even on the environment. NUE is of particular interest as a major target for crop improvement. Improvement of NUE is an essential pre-requisite for expansion of crop production into marginal lands with low nutrient availability but also a way to reduce use of inorganic fertilizer.

Essential Plant Nutrients

Essential Plant Nutrients
Uptake, Use Efficiency, and Management

by M. Naeem,Abid A. Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-08-31
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN : 3319588419
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the agricultural, commercial, and ecological future of plants in relation to mineral nutrition. It covers various topics regarding the role and importance of mineral nutrition in plants including essentiality, availability, applications, as well as their management and control strategies. Plants and plant products are increasingly important sources for the production of energy, biofuels, and biopolymers in order to replace the use of fossil fuels. The maximum genetic potential of plants can be realized successfully with a balanced mineral nutrients supply. This book explores efficient nutrient management strategies that tackle the over and under use of nutrients, check different kinds of losses from the system, and improve use efficiency of the plants. Applied and basic aspects of ecophysiology, biochemistry, and biotechnology have been adequately incorporated including pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, agronomical, breeding and plant protection parameters, propagation and nutrients managements. This book will serve not only as an excellent reference material but also as a practical guide for readers, cultivators, students, botanists, entrepreneurs, and farmers.

The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops

The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops
A Book

by Malcolm J. Hawkesford,Peter Barraclough

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2011-09-21
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 081381992X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Efforts to increase efficient nutrient use by crops are of growing importance as the global demand for food, fibre and fuel increases and competition for resources intensifies. The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops provides both a timely summary of the latest advances in the field as well as anticipating directions for future research. The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops bridges the gap between agronomic practice and molecular biology by linking underpinning molecular mechanisms to the physiological and agronomic aspects of crop yield. These chapters provide an understanding of molecular and physiological mechanisms that will allow researchers to continue to target and improve complex traits for crop improvement. Written by leading international researchers, The Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nutrient Use Efficiency in Crops will be an essential resource for the crop science community for years to come. Special Features: coalesces current knowledge in the areas of efficient acquisition and utilization of nutrients by crop plants with emphasis on modern developments addresses future directions in crop nutrition in the light of changing climate patterns including temperature and water availability bridges the gap between traditional agronomy and molecular biology with focus on underpinning molecular mechanisms and their effects on crop yield includes contributions from a leading team of global experts in both research and practical settings

Achieving Sustainable Crop Nutrition

Achieving Sustainable Crop Nutrition
A Book

by Zed Rengel

  • Publisher : Burleigh Dodds Series in Agric
  • Release : 2019-11-22
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 9781786763129
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This collection reviews current research on understanding nutrient cycles, the ways crops process nutrients, the environmental effects of fertilizer use and how this understanding can be used to improve nutrient use efficiency for a more resource-efficient and climate-smart agriculture. Parts 1-3 summarise research on the primary macronutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Chapter review what we know about nutrient cycles, crop nutrient processing, potential environmental effects and ways of optimising nutrient use efficiency (NUE). The fourth section of the book discusses secondary macronutrients and micronutrients including: calcium, magnesium, sulphur, zinc, boron, manganese and molybdenum. The final two parts of the book review research on optimising fertiliser use. Chapters cover topics such as assessing nutrient availability, decision support systems for optimising crop nutrition, advances in site-specific nutrient management and advances in integrated plant nutrient management. Other chapters discuss enhanced efficiency fertilisers, the use of bio-effectors/bio-stimulants, fertigation techniques and the use of organic amendments. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert authors, this will be a standard reference on optimising crop nutrition for the crop science and farming community.

Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants

Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants
A Book

by Horst Marschner,Petra Marschner

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 889
  • ISBN : 9780124735439
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text presents the principles of mineral nutrition in the light of current advances. For this second edition more emphasis has been placed on root water relations and functions of micronutrients as well as external and internal factors on root growth and the root-soil interface.

Managing Salt Tolerance in Plants

Managing Salt Tolerance in Plants
Molecular and Genomic Perspectives

by Shabir Hussain Wani,Mohammad Anwar Hossain

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2015-10-05
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1482245140
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Salinity stress currently impacts more than 80 million hectares of land worldwide and more arable land is likely to be impacted in the future due to global climate changes. Managing Salt Tolerance in Plants: Molecular and Genomic Perspectives presents detailed molecular and genomic approaches for the development of crop plants tolerant to salinity

Handbook of Plant Nutrition

Handbook of Plant Nutrition
A Book

by Allen V. Barker,David J. Pilbeam

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 1420014870
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The burgeoning demand on the world food supply, coupled with concern over the use of chemical fertilizers, has led to an accelerated interest in the practice of precision agriculture. This practice involves the careful control and monitoring of plant nutrition to maximize the rate of growth and yield of crops, as well as their nutritional value.

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants
Recent Advances and Future Perspectives

by Arun Shanker,Chitra Shanker

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-02-17
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 9535122509
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The impact of global climate change on crop production has emerged as a major research priority during the past decade. Understanding abiotic stress factors such as temperature and drought tolerance and biotic stress tolerance traits such as insect pest and pathogen resistance in combination with high yield in plants is of paramount importance to counter climate change related adverse effects on the productivity of crops. In this multi-authored book, we present synthesis of information for developing strategies to combat plant stress. Our effort here is to present a judicious mixture of basic as well as applied research outlooks so as to interest workers in all areas of plant science. We trust that the information covered in this book would bridge the much-researched area of stress in plants with the much-needed information for evolving climate-ready crop cultivars to ensure food security in the future.

The Use of Nutrients in Crop Plants

The Use of Nutrients in Crop Plants
A Book

by Nand Kumar Fageria

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 142007511X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Put Theory into Practice Scarcity of natural resources, higher costs, higher demand, and concerns about environmental pollution- under these circumstances, improving food supply worldwide with adequate quantity and quality is fundamental. Based on the author's more than forty years of experience, The Use of Nutrients in Crop Plants

Mineral Nutrition of Rice

Mineral Nutrition of Rice
A Book

by N.K. Fageria

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-08-22
  • Pages : 586
  • ISBN : 1466558067
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The third most important cereal crop after wheat and corn, rice is a staple food for more than half of the world’s population. This includes regions of high population density and rapid growth, indicating that rice will continue to be a major food crop in the next century. Mineral Nutrition of Rice brings together a wealth of information on the ecophysiology and nutrient requirements of rice. Compiling the latest scientific research, the book explains how to manage essential nutrients to maximize rice yield. The book examines 15 essential or beneficial nutrients used in irrigated, upland, and floating rice across a range of geographic regions. For each mineral, the text details the cycle in the soil–plant system as well as the mineral’s functions, deficiency symptoms, uptake in plants, harvest index, and use efficiency. It then outlines management practices, covering application methods and timing, adequate rates, the use of efficient genotypes, and more. The author, an internationally recognized expert in mineral nutrition for crop plants, also proposes recommendations for the judicious use of fertilizers to reduce the cost of crop production and the risk of environmental pollution. Color photographs help readers identify nutrient deficiency symptoms and take the necessary corrective measures. Packed with useful tables and illustrations, this comprehensive reference guides readers who want to know how to increase rice yield, reduce production costs, and avoid environmental pollution from fertilizers. It offers practical information for those working in agricultural research fields, in laboratories, and in classrooms around the world.

New Visions in Plant Science

New Visions in Plant Science
A Book

by Özge Çelik

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-09-19
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 1789237025
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past decade, progress in plant science and molecular technologies has grown considerably. This book focuses on plant biotechnology applications specializing in certain aspects of breeding and molecular marker-assisted selection processes, omic strategies, usage of bioinformatic tools, and nanotechnological improvements in agricultural sciences. Most farmers and breeders can no longer simply turn to the older strategies, and new instructions are needed to adapt their systems to achieve their production goals. The book covers new information on using metabolomics and nanotechnology in agriculture. In these circumstances, all new data and technology are very important in plant science. The topics in this book are practical and user-friendly. They allow practitioners, students, and academicians with specific background knowledge to feel confident about the principles presented on a new generation of molecular plant biotechnology applications.

Micronutrient Deficiencies in Global Crop Production

Micronutrient Deficiencies in Global Crop Production
A Book

by Brian J. Alloway

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-02-01
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 9781402068607
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A deficiency of one or more of the eight plant micronutrients (boron, chlorine, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel and zinc) will adversely affect both the yield and quality of crops. Micronutrient deficiencies in crops occur in many parts of the world, at various scales (from one to millions of hectares), but differences in soil conditions, climate, crop genotypes and management, result in marked variations in their occurrence. The causes, effects and alleviation of micronutrient deficiencies in crops in: Australia, India, China, Turkey, the Near East, Africa, Europe, South America and the United States of America, are covered, and these are representative of most of the different conditions under which crops are grown anywhere in the world. Links between low contents of iodine, iron and zinc (human micronutrients) in staple grains and the incidence of human health problems are discussed, together with the ways in which the micronutrient content of food crops can be increased and their bioavailability to humans improved. Detailed treatment of topics, such as: soil types associated with deficiencies, soil testing and plant analysis, field experiments, innovative treatments, micronutrients in the subsoil, nutrient interactions, effects of changing cropping systems, micronutrient budgets and hidden deficiencies in various chapters provides depth to the broad coverage of the book. This book provides a valuable guide to the requirements of crops for plant micronutrients and the causes, occurrence and treatment of deficiencies. It is essential reading for many agronomy, plant nutrition and agricultural extension professionals.

Micronutrients and the Nutrient Status of Soils

Micronutrients and the Nutrient Status of Soils
A Global Study

by Mikko Sillanpää

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN : 9789251011935
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Agronomy

Advances in Agronomy
A Book

by Donald L. Sparks

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-05
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0128207655
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Agronomy, Volume 161, continues to be recognized as a leading reference and first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. Each volume contains an eclectic group of reviews by leading scientists throughout the world. As always, the subjects covered are rich, varied and exemplary of the abundant subject matter addressed by this long-running serial.

Phosphorus Management in Crop Production

Phosphorus Management in Crop Production
A Book

by Nand Kumar Fageria,Zhenli He,Virupax C. Baligar

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-02-17
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 1351667173
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The world population is projected to reach nine billion by 2050, and in the coming years, global food demand is expected to increase by 50% or more. Higher crop productivity gains in the future will have to be achieved in developing countries through better natural resources management and crop improvement. After nitrogen, phosphorus (P) has more widespread influence on both natural and agricultural ecosystems than any other essential plant element. It has been estimated that 5.7 billion hectares of land worldwide contain insufficient amounts of available P for sustainable crop production, and P deficiency in crop plants is a widespread problem in various parts of the world. However, it has been estimated that worldwide minable P could last less than 40 years. For sustaining future food supplies, it is vital to enhance plant P use efficiency. To bring the latest knowledge and research advances in efficient management of P for economically viable and environmentally beneficial crop production in sustainable agriculture, Phosphorus Management in Crop Production contains chapters covering functions and diagnostic techniques for P requirements in crop plants, P use efficiency and interactions with other nutrients in crop plants, management of P for optimal crop production and environmental quality, and basic principles and methodology regarding P nutrition in crop plants. The majority of research data included are derived from many years of field, greenhouse, and lab work, hence the information is practical in nature and will have a significant impact on efficient management of P-fertilizers to enhance P use efficiency, improve crop production, promote sustainable agriculture, and reduce P losses through eluviations, leaching, and erosion to minimize environmental degradation. A comprehensive book that combines practical and applied information, Phosphorus Management in Crop Production is an excellent reference for students, professors, agricultural research scientists, food scientists, agricultural extension specialists, private consultants, fertilizer companies, and government agencies that deal with agricultural and environmental issues.

Plant Nutrient Dynamics in Stressful Environments

Plant Nutrient Dynamics in Stressful Environments
A Book

by Urs Feller,Stanislav Kopriva,Valya Vassileva

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-09-20
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 3038970638
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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(This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Plant Nutrient Dynamics in Stressful Environments" that was published in Agriculture

Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Guide

Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition Guide
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handboek samengesteld door "the Fertilizer Association of India (FAI)"

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes

Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes
Volume 1

by Parvaiz Ahmad,Mohd Rafiq Wani,Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz,Lam-Son Phan Tran

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-12
  • Pages : 397
  • ISBN : 1461488303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Current trends in population growth hint that global food production is unlikely to gratify future demands under predicted climate change scenarios unless the rates of crop improvement are accelerated. Crop production faces numerous challenges, due to changing environmental conditions and evolving needs for new plant-derived materials. These challenges come at a time when the plant sciences are witnessing remarkable progress in understanding fundamental processes of plant growth and development. Drought, heat, cold and salinity are among the major abiotic stresses that often cause a series of morphological, physiological, biochemical and molecular alterations which adversely affect plant growth, development and productivity, consequently posing a serious challenge for sustainable food production in large parts of the world, particularly in emerging countries. This emphasizes the urgency of finding better ways to translate new advances in plant science into concrete successes in agricultural production. To overcome the pessimistic influence of abiotic stresses and to maintain the food security in the face of these challenges, new, improved and tolerant crop varieties, contemporary breeding techniques, and cavernous understanding of the mechanisms that counteract detrimental climate changes are indubitably needed to sustain the requisite food supply. In this context, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 provides a state-of-the-art guide to recent developments that aid in the understanding of plant responses to abiotic stresses and lead to new horizons vis-à-vis prime strategies for translating current research into applied solutions to create strong yields and overall crop improvement under such unfavourable environments. Written by a diverse group of internationally famed scholars, Improvement of Crops in the Era of Climatic Changes, Volume 1 is a brief yet all-inclusive resource that is immensely advantageous for researchers, students, environmentalists, soil scientists, professionals, and many others in the quest of advancement in this flourishing field of research.

Biomass Now

Biomass Now
Cultivation and Utilization

by Miodrag Darko Matovic

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2013-04-30
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 953511106X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This two-volume book on biomass is a reflection of the increase in biomass related research and applications, driven by overall higher interest in sustainable energy and food sources, by increased awareness of potentials and pitfalls of using biomass for energy, by the concerns for food supply and by multitude of potential biomass uses as a source material in organic chemistry, bringing in the concept of bio-refinery. It reflects the trend in broadening of biomass related research and an increased focus on second-generation bio-fuels. Its total of 40 chapters spans over diverse areas of biomass research, grouped into 9 themes.