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Plasticizers Derived from Post-consumer PET

Plasticizers Derived from Post-consumer PET
Research Trends and Potential Applications

by Ewa Langer,Krzysztof Bortel,Marta Lenartowicz-Klik,Sylwia Waskiewicz

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2019-11-03
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN : 0323461999
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plasticizers Derived from Postconsumer PET: Research Trends and Potential Applications presents a roadmap to the successful use of postconsumer PET to obtain plasticizers for later use, a proposal which presents both economic and sustainability advantages. Based on the results of the latest research into the development of chemical recycling techniques of PET waste, this book describes techniques where the plasticizer obtained can be utilized for value addition in PVC and other polymers. In addition, the book provides basic introductory information on the role of plasticizers in the modification of polymers, basic quality requirements, and the latest trends in the synthesis and use of plasticizers in industry, also presenting the available methods of PET recycling, with particular emphasis on chemical recycling, analysis of the PET market, the availability of postconsumer PET, and its value as a raw material for other products. Based on the authors’ research, the book discusses the use of postconsumer PET in the synthesis of monomeric and oligomeric plasticizers. Synthesis conditions are shown in detail, and the influence of the structure of synthesized softeners on their basic quality parameters are assessed and compared with selected commercially available products. In the final sections, the book covers the economic challenges and benefits of this process and its application to newly developed products. Presents a step-by-step introduction to the methods of recycling PET into usable plasticizers Provides a viable, actionable alternative to landfills for postconsumer PET, enabling the recycling of more waste polymer and reducing the carbon footprint of PET Analyzes the economic benefits and challenges of this process Compares the quality of the output to commercially available products

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2020-08-20
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128225998
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers examines the effects of radiation on plastics and elastomers. Polymers are required in products or parts for a range of cutting-edge applications that are exposed to radiation, in areas such as space, medicine, and radiation processing. This book focuses on the effects of radiation exposure within that environment, providing in-depth data coverage organized by category of polymer. Aspects such as radiation impact on mechanical and thermal properties, including glass transition and heat deflection temperatures, are described, demonstrating how changes in these properties affect the performance of plastic or elastomer parts. The effect of radiation on electrical properties is also included. Supporting introductory chapters explain the key concepts of radiation, including the physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of plastics and elastomers. This is a vital resource for plastics engineers, product designers, and R&D professionals, working on products or parts for radioactive environments, as well as engineers and scientists in the medical, nuclear, and radiation processing industries. The book also supports researchers and scientists in plastics engineering, polymer processing and properties, polymer and coatings chemistry, materials science, and radiation. Brings together highly valuable data on the effect of radiation on the properties of polymers and elastomers Enables the reader to compare properties and to select the best possible materials for specific applications Supported by detailed explanations and analysis, ensuring that the reader understands how to interpret and utilize the data

Introduction to Fluoropolymers

Introduction to Fluoropolymers
Materials, Technology, and Applications

by Sina Ebnesajjad

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2020-12-08
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 0128192992
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introduction to Fluoropolymers, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of the history, principles, properties, processing and applications of fluoropolymers, supporting their development and utilization in high-performance applications, components, and products. This second edition has been updated and expanded to include new in-depth chapters on manufacturing and applications of PTFE and melt processible fluoropolymers. The book begins by demonstrating the role of fluoropolymers in everyday life, before introducing the history and basic principles of fluoropolymers. This is followed by detailed coverage of the main fluoropolymer types. Properties and applications are illustrated by real-world examples as diverse as waterproof clothing, vascular grafts and coatings for aircraft interiors. The different applications of fluoropolymers show the benefits of a group of materials that are highly water-repellant and flame-retardant, with unrivalled lubrication properties and a high level of biocompatibility. Health and safety and environmental aspects are also covered throughout the book, with a final chapter examining safety, disposal, and recycling in detail. This book is an essential resource for anyone looking to understand or use fluoropolymer materials in their products. This includes engineers, product designers, manufacturers, scientists, researchers, and other professionals, across industries such as automotive, aerospace, medical devices, food and beverages, high performance apparel, oil and gas, renewable energy, solar photovoltaics, electronics and semiconductors, pharmaceuticals, and chemical processing. This is also a valuable introductory guide for academic researchers and advanced students in plastics engineering, polymer science, and materials science. Introduces and demystifies fluoropolymers for a wide audience of engineers, designers, professionals, and researchers, across industries and disciplines Covers a broad range of materials, including polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), polyvinyl fluoride (PVF), vinylidene fluoride polymers, fluoroelastomers, and more Focuses on properties, processing methods and advanced industrial applications of fluoropolymers

Service Life Prediction of Polymers and Coatings

Service Life Prediction of Polymers and Coatings
Enhanced Methods

by Christopher White,Mark Nichols,James Pickett

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2020-04-28
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128183683
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Service Life Prediction of Polymers and Coatings: Enhanced Methods focuses on the cutting-edge science behind how plastic and polymer materials are modified by the effects of weathering, offering the latest advances in service life prediction methods. The chapters have been developed by experts based on their contributions as part of the 7th Service Life Prediction Meeting. The volume begins with the premise that it is possible to produce and design life predictions, also looking at how these predictions can be used. Subsequent chapters present new developments in service life prediction, examining the most important considerations in SLP design, timescales, and other major issues. The book also considers the current state of the field in terms of both accomplishments and areas that require significant research going forward. This is a highly valuable reference for engineers, designers, technicians, scientists and R&D professionals who are looking to develop materials, components or products for outdoor applications across a range of industries. The book also supports academic researchers, scientists and advanced students with an interest in service life, the effects of weathering, material degradation, failure analysis, or sustainability across the fields of plastics engineering, polymer science and materials science. Presents novel prediction techniques for plastics and polymers exposed to outdoor weathering Provides a consensus roadmap on the scientific barriers related to a validated, predictive model for the response of polymer and plastics to outdoor exposure Enables the reader to assess and compare different methods and approaches to service life prediction

Technologies for Recycling Post-consumer Mixed Plastics

Technologies for Recycling Post-consumer Mixed Plastics
Plastic Lumber Production, Emerging Separation Technologies, Waste Plastic Handlers and Equipment Manufacturers

by Bruce A. Hegberg,Gary R. Brenniman,William H. Hallenbeck

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 115
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Energy Technology and the Environment

Encyclopedia of Energy Technology and the Environment
A Book

by Attilio Bisio,Sharon Boots

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 2964
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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V.1. A-C -- v.2. C-F -- v.3. G-P -- v.4. R-Z Index

Handbook of Thermoplastic Polyesters

Handbook of Thermoplastic Polyesters
A Book

by Stoyko Fakirov

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 1377
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Paper Or Plastic

Paper Or Plastic
Searching for Solutions to an Overpackaged World

by Dan Imhoff,Roberto Carra

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The supermarket conundrum "Paper or plastic?” sums up a Western consumer society that is on a collision course with the planet’s life-support systems. Do we clearcut forests, process pulp, and bleach it with chlorine to make paper bags? Or do we make a pact with demon hydrocarbon, refining ancient sunlight into handy plastics? About half of America’s municipal solid waste is packaging--at least 300 pounds per person each year--and its "upstream” costs in energy and resources are even more alarming. In this fascinating look at the world of packaging, author Daniel Imhoff delves into the life cycles of packaging materials, from wood products to glass, metals, and plastics, and looks at the countless ways that packaged goods shape our culture. Using case studies, the book explores positive trends such as producer responsibility and "take back” laws, the eco-design movement, plant-based plastic, labeling to disclose the ecological and social impacts of products, and integrated regional economies--that is, producing and consuming locally and in bulk. As consumers, there’s much we can do to address the still-growing problem of packaging. Paper or Plastic offers a checklist for action, along with resources for detailed information.

Floor Covering Weekly

Floor Covering Weekly
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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SPE/ANTEC 2000 Proceedings

SPE/ANTEC 2000 Proceedings
A Book

by Spe

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2000-05-05
  • Pages : 3857
  • ISBN : 9781566768559
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics

Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mixed Plastics Recycling Technology

Mixed Plastics Recycling Technology
A Book

by Bruce Hegberg

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 1992-12-31
  • Pages : 217
  • ISBN : 0815518382
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents an overview of mixed plastics recycling technology. In addition, it characterizes mixed plastics wastes and describes collection methods, costs, and markets for reprocessed plastics products.

Recycling of Polymers

Recycling of Polymers
Methods, Characterization and Applications

by Raju Francis

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-12-19
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 3527338489
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This timely reference on the topic is the only book you need for a complete overview of recyclable polymers. Following an introduction to various polymer structures and their resulting properties, the main part of the book deals with different methods of recycling. It discusses in detail the recycling of such common polymers as polyethylene, polypropylene and PET, as well as rubbers, fibers, engineering polymers, polymer blends and composites. The whole is rounded off with a look at future technologies and the toxicological impact of recycled polymers. An indispensable reference source for those working in the field, whether in academia or industry, and whether newcomers or advanced readers.

Waste Materials and By-Products in Concrete

Waste Materials and By-Products in Concrete
A Book

by Rafat Siddique

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-11-13
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 3540742948
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The amount and variety of waste that humanity dumps in landfill sites is nothing short of a scandal, believes Rafat Siddique, of Deemed University in Patiala, India. Instead, we ought to be building new homes out of it! Siddique shows in this important book that many non-hazardous waste materials and by-products which are landfilled, can in fact be used in making concrete and similar construction materials.

Chlorine and the Environment

Chlorine and the Environment
An Overview of the Chlorine Industry

by Ruth Stringer,Paul Johnston

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2001-02-28
  • Pages : 429
  • ISBN : 9780792367970
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first book to examine comprehensively the chlorine industry and its effects on the environment. It covers not only the history of chlorine production, but also looks at its products, their effects on the global environment, and the international legislation which controls their use, release, and disposal. Individual chapters are dedicated to subjects such as releases of organochlorines into the environment, and the environmental impact of ozone depletion, providing simple explanations of these complex issues. These are backed up with case studies of landmark events in the history of the chlorine industry - for example the Seveso explosion or the Yusho and Yu-Cheng mass poisonings. With a clear, concise text and numerous compilations of critical data, this book will prove an invaluable source reference for environmental scientists, students, and policy makers with an interest in this subject.

Accumulation

Accumulation
The Material Politics of Plastic

by Jennifer Gabrys,Gay Hawkins,Mike Michael

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-07-24
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 1135090467
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From food punnets to credit cards, plastic facilitates every part of our daily lives. It has become central to processes of contemporary socio-material living. Universalised and abstracted, it is often treated as the passive object of political deliberations, or a problematic material demanding human management. But in what ways might a 'politics of plastics' deal with both its specific manifestation in particular artefacts and events, and its complex dispersed heterogeneity? Accumulation explores the vitality and complexity of plastic. This interdisciplinary collection focuses on how the presence and recalcitrance of plastic reveals the relational exchanges across human and synthetic materialities. It captures multiplicity by engaging with the processual materialities or plasticity of plastic. Through a series of themed essays on plastic materialities, plastic economies, plastic bodies and new articulations of plastic, the editors and chapter authors examine specific aspects of plastic in action. How are multiple plastic realities enacted? What are their effects? This book will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, human and cultural geography, environmental studies, consumption studies, science and technology studies, design, and political theory.

Hazardous substances in plastics

Hazardous substances in plastics
– ways to increase recycling

by Stenmarck, Åsa ,Belleza, Elin L. ,Fråne, Anna ,Busch, Niels

  • Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Release : 2017-02-08
  • Pages : 119
  • ISBN : 9289348496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of the project is to create knowledge on how plastics recycling can increase without increasing the risk of emitting hazardous substances to the environment.The first general conclusion is that to be able to increase recycling there are measures needed at different levels. The following areas are of interest: • Legislation: new legislation is not necessary, but harmonisation and clear guidance to the existing one is. • Market: to create a market safety on content is needed. • If substances added are less hazardous the recycled raw material would be “more safe” to use. • There should be higher attention put on the knowledge of the recyclers. • Traceability and content: Further work on labelling reaching the recycle part of the value chain needs to be developed. It is also needed to develop a systematic approach towards risk assessments linked to recycling.

Plastics World

Plastics World
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Frontiers in the Science and Technology of Polymer Recycling

Frontiers in the Science and Technology of Polymer Recycling
A Book

by Güneri Akovali,Carlos A. Bernardo,Jacob Leidner,L.A. Utracki,Marino Xanthos

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-09
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 9401716269
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymers, main components of plastics and rubbers, are being discarded in increasing quantities. But this waste can also be considered as `plastic gold'. Public concern, coupled with the inherent value of the material, means that recycling is imperative. The present book presents a survey of current knowledge in the form of case studies, including current legal and educational issues. Topics covered also include regulation and practice in NATO countries, the economics of recycling, the reprocessing of single polymers and mixtures, and future prospects and strategies. Audience: Vital reading for all polymer scientists, technicians and engineers.

Textile Technology Digest

Textile Technology Digest
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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