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Plastics to Energy

Plastics to Energy
Fuel, Chemicals, and Sustainability Implications

by Sultan Al-Salem

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2018-11-05
  • Pages : 562
  • ISBN : 0128131411
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plastics to Energy: Fuel, Chemicals, and Sustainability Implications covers important trends in the science and technology of polymer recovery, such as the thermo-chemical treatment of plastics, the impact of environmental degradation on mechanical recycling, incineration and thermal unit design, and new options in biodegradable plastics. The book also introduces product development opportunities from waste materials and discusses the main processes and pathways of the conversion of polymeric materials to energy, fuel and chemicals. A particular focus is placed on industrial case studies and academic reviews, providing a practical emphasis that enables plastics practitioners involved in end-of-life aspects to employ these processes. Final sections examine lifecycle and cost analysis of different plastic waste management processes, exploring the potential of various techniques in modelling, optimization and simulation of waste management options. Introduces new pathways for the end-of-life treatment of plastics and polymers, including conversion to energy, fuel and other chemicals Compares different options to assist materials scientists, engineers and waste management practitioners to choose the most effective and sustainable option Covers the latest trends in the science and technology of polymer energy recovery

Plastics Waste

Plastics Waste
Feedstock Recycling, Chemical Recycling and Incineration

by A. Tukker

  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 122
  • ISBN : 9781859573310
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report examines the issue of converting plastics waste into energy and/or useful chemicals. Much plastic material is discarded as waste, such as packaging and end-of-life vehicle components. This report introduces the different waste management options. It discusses the methods available for treating mixed plastics waste and PVC-rich plastics waste. The emphasis in this report is on technologies which are already being used or assessed for use on a commercial scale. Comparisons are made between the different types of recycling currently available in terms of life cycle assessment and environmental impact. Feedstock recycling is discussed extensively in this review. This report is accompanied by around 400 abstracts from papers in the Rapra Polymer Library database.

Handbook of Plastics Recycling

Handbook of Plastics Recycling
A Book

by Francesco La Mantia

  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release : 2002-01-01
  • Pages : 442
  • ISBN : 1859573258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses some of the state-of-the-art techniques of recycling post-consumer plastic materials and focuses on mechanical recycling, chemical recycling and energy recovery. The book is intended for all those who are interested in recycling of post consumer plastic waste. Although, this book discusses technical aspects of recycling, the authors have endeavoured to make this book easily understandable to anyone interested in the subject enabling the reader to gain a thorough grounding in all the subjects discussed.

Oil, Plastics and Power

Oil, Plastics and Power
A Book

by Alison Rae

  • Publisher : Evans Brothers
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 45
  • ISBN : 0237536463
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'Development Without Damage' explores the environmental and human impact of resource-based industries around the world, and looks at the ways in which their damaging effects can be reversed, limited or prevented altogether.

A Comparative Study on Waste Plastics Pyrolysis Liquid Products Quantity and Energy Recovery Potential

A Comparative Study on Waste Plastics Pyrolysis Liquid Products Quantity and Energy Recovery Potential
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: Plastics thermal processing is an important application for both energy recovery and feedstock recycling. In this study effects of type of plastic (HDPE, LDPE, PET, PP, PS), pyrolysis process temperature and plastic waste prewashing on pyrolysis liquid product (oil) fraction, its hydrocarbon (HC) contents and heat values were investigated. Caustic washing and batch-pyrolysis were applied by keeping pyrolysis heating rate and other conditions constant. Oil yields, C10-C40 HCs, heat values were measured and compared. HDPE type plastic wastes produced the highest oil yield while PET and PP produced the lowest yields. C10-C40 HC contents of pyrolysis oils were strongly affected from the pyrolysis temperatures and pre-washing process under identical pyrolysis conditions. The highest C10-C40 HCs were produced by HDPE pyrolysis. Statistical analysis indicated that the effect of pre-washing process on the pyrolysis oil heat value is significant for HDPE and PP type plastics. Pyrolysis temperature had almost no effects on oil heat values for washed PET and unwashed PS wastes, whereas for other plastic samples, as pyrolysis temperature increased oil heat values increased. HDPE, LDPE, PP and PS pyrolysis oils have higher calorific values than wood and some coal types. These refer to energy recovery from those types of plastics.

Materials Aspects of World Energy Needs

Materials Aspects of World Energy Needs
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : National Academies
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 559
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy Management in Plastics Processing

Energy Management in Plastics Processing
Strategies, Targets, Techniques, and Tools

by Robin Kent

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-07-03
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0081025084
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy Management in Plastics Processing: Strategies, Targets, Techniques, and Tools, Third Edition, addresses energy benchmarking and site surveys, how to understand energy supplies and bills, and how to measure and manage energy usage and carbon footprinting. The book's approach highlights the need to reduce the kWh/kg of materials processed and the resulting permanent reductions in consumption and costs. Every topic is covered in a 2-page spread, providing the reader with clear actions and key tips for success. This revised third edition covers new developments in energy management, power supply considerations, automation, assembly operations, water footprinting, and transport considerations, and more. Users will find a practical workbook that not only shows how to reduce energy consumption in all the major plastics shaping processes (moulding, extrusion, forming), but also provides tactics that will benefit other locations in plants (e.g. in factory services and nonmanufacturing areas). Enables plastics processors in their desire to institute an effective energy management system, both in processing and elsewhere in the plant Provides a holistic perspective, shining a light on areas where energy management methods may have not been previously considered Acts as a roadmap to help companies move towards improved sustainability and cost savings

Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste by Thermal Conversion Technologies

Energy Recovery from Municipal Solid Waste by Thermal Conversion Technologies
A Book

by P. Jayarama Reddy

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-03-30
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 149877704X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents an overview of the technology that allows millions and millions of tons of municipal solid waste generated globally to be perceived as an asset which, after materials recovery for recycling, can be used to generate clean power, transport fuels that can substitute fossil fuels, and value-based chemicals with minimal environmental impact. It also explains how hazardous wastes and sewage sludge can be treated and disposed of without affecting human and environmental health. It does so by providing a full discussion of established thermal conversion technologies generating heat, electricity, liquid fuels and useful chemicals from solid waste. Featuring case studies describing worldwide waste-to-energy plants in successful operation, it offers highly suited supporting material for an introductory course on waste thermal conversion processes.

Energy Conservation, the Data Base: Selected plastics

Energy Conservation, the Data Base: Selected plastics
A Book

by Gordian Associates

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1975
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Council on Energy Policy

Council on Energy Policy
Hearings, Ninety-third Congress, First Session, on S. 70 ...

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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U.S. Government Research Reports

U.S. Government Research Reports
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research and Highlights

Research and Highlights
A Book

by Argonne National Laboratory

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plastics Engineering Handbook of the Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc

Plastics Engineering Handbook of the Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc
A Book

by Society of the Plastics Industry

  • Publisher : Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 909
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extrusion of Plastics

Extrusion of Plastics
A Book

by Edwin George Fisher

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comparative Energy Evaluation of Plastic Products and Their Alternatives for the Building and Construction and Transportation Industries

Comparative Energy Evaluation of Plastic Products and Their Alternatives for the Building and Construction and Transportation Industries
(final Report)

by Franklin Associates

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrogen Energy and Power Generation

Hydrogen Energy and Power Generation
A Book

by T. Nejat Veziroğlu

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 599
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plastics World

Plastics World
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Source Directory of Predicasts, Inc

The Source Directory of Predicasts, Inc
A Book

by Predicasts, inc

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reviews of Renewable Energy Resources

Reviews of Renewable Energy Resources
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plastics and Sustainability

Plastics and Sustainability
Towards a Peaceful Coexistence between Bio-based and Fossil Fuel-based Plastics

by Michael Tolinski

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-11-16
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1118217837
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Clearly lays out the issues related to plastics' effects on theenvironment, while also serving as a practical, non-academic guidefor making sustainability decisions about plastics recyclingand the newest bio-based plastics Company managers, product developers, policy makers,environmental researchers, and plastics industry engineers areunder increasing pressure to find ways of minimizing theenvironmental footprint of plastic products. This accessible bookis designed to help readers understand the life-cycle impacts ofvarious plastics, clarifying the technical research and practicalarguments to show when bio-based and recycled plastics might beuseful options for reducing the overall energy consumption,greenhouse gas emissions, and waste associated with traditionalplastics. Plastics and Sustainability compares traditional fossilfuel-based plastics with bio-based plastics in terms of properties,environmental impacts, and costs -- indicating what the mosteffective approaches could be for using recycled, biodegradable, orvarious bio-based materials. The book makes objective comparisonsbetween bioplastics and all commonly used plastics, focusing on howthey affect production economics, product requirements, andretailer and consumer needs. It incorporates research concerninglife-cycle assessment, production techniques, and commercialapplications, and presents "green" guidelines about product design,recycling, processing efficiency, and material selection. The bookalso reports on recent industry developments and commercial trendsin an effort to synthesize conclusions that are necessary forfinding the right balance between bio-based and fossil-fuel basedplastic products. Check out the author's blog at spanstyle="line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Calibri','sans-serif'; color: black; font-size: 11pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Cordia New'; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-CN; mso-bidi-language: TH;"spanstyle="font-family: 'Times New Roman','serif';"http://www.plastech.biz/blog/span./span