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Polyesters and Polyamides

Polyesters and Polyamides
A Book

by B L Deopura,R Alagirusamy,M Joshi,B Gupta

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-06-17
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 1845694600
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyesters and polyamides remain the most used group of synthetic fibres. This authoritative book reviews methods of their production, ways of improving their functionality and their wide range of applications. The first part of the book describes raw materials and manufacturing processes, including environmental issues. Part two considers ways of improving the functionality of polyester and polyamide fibres, including blending, weaving, coloration and other finishing techniques as well as new techniques such as nanotechnology. The final part of the book reviews the range of uses of these important fibres, from apparel and sportswear to automotive, medical and civil engineering applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Polyesters and polyamides is a standard reference for all those using this important group of fibres. Reviews the chemical and physical properties of each fibre and their manufacture Analyses how the functionality of polyester and polyamides can be improved Provides examples of how the fibres are used in applications

Solid State Behavior of Linear Polyesters and Polyamides

Solid State Behavior of Linear Polyesters and Polyamides
A Book

by Jerold M. Schultz,Stoyko Fakirov

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Complete Technology Book on Expanded Plastics, Polyurethane, Polyamide and Polyester Fibres

The Complete Technology Book on Expanded Plastics, Polyurethane, Polyamide and Polyester Fibres
A Book

by NIIR Board of Consultants and Engineers

  • Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
  • Release : 2006-10-01
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 8178330016
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Expanded plastics are also known as foamed plastics or cellular plastics. Expanded plastics can be flexible, semi flexible, semi rigid or rigid. They can also be thermoplastic or thermosetting and can exist as open celled or closed celled materials. Expanded plastics may be prepared from most synthetic and many natural polymers. Most of the industrially important ones are made from polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride, polyurethanes and polyethylene, as well as from resins that derive from phenol, epoxy, etc. Polyurethane (PUR and PU) is polymer composed of a chain of organic units joined by carbamate (urethane) links. Polyurethane polymers are formed by combining two bi or higher functional monomers. One contains two or more isocyanate functional groups and the other contains two or more hydroxyl groups. More complicated monomers are also used.The Polyurethanes are among the most recent additions to the many commercially important classes of polymers. Urethanes can be considered esters of the unstable carbamics acid or amide esters of carbonic acid. A polyamide is a polymer containing monomers of amides joined by peptide bonds. They can occur both naturally and artificially, examples being proteins, such as wool and silk, and can be made artificially through step growth polymerization or solid phase synthesis. Polyamides are commonly used in textiles, automotives, carpet and sportswear due to their extreme durability and strength. Polyester is a category of polymers which contain the ester functional group in their main chain. Natural polyesters and a few synthetic ones are biodegradable, but most synthetic polyesters are not. Polyester fibres are produced by the melt spinning process. Raw materials are heated to a spinning mass, which is then pressed through spinnerets. Manufacturing techniques are now developed to the point where they can produce fibres adapted to suit the widest possible applications: they can have round, oval or angular profiles, making them firm to the touch. Applications of these polymers are in various fields like rubber industry, textile industry, chemical industries etc. Some of the fundamentals of the book are epoxy curing system, background, process conditions, polyether polyols with epoxy resins, highlights of the technological achievement, laminates comprising a hard foam layer and a fiber reinforced synthetic resin layer, highlights of the technological achievement, process conditions, plastic deformation, modification of amino polyols with epoxy resins, producing expanded and cured polyester resin, foamed unsaturated polyester resins with gel coat, cross linked polyester, unsaturated polyester compositions with high impact strength, foam crystallization of condensation polymers, acrylate rubber modification of aromatic polyesters etc. The present book covers processes of expanded plastics, polyurethane, polyamides with other related information required by an entrepreneur. This book is very useful for technocrats, researchers, entrepreneurs and professionals.

Solid State Polymerization

Solid State Polymerization
A Book

by Constantine D. Papaspyrides,Stamatina N. Vouyiouka

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-04-27
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0470451823
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The most current guide to solid state polymerization Solid State Polymerization (SSP)is an indispensable tool in the design, manufacture, and study of polymers, plastics, and fibers. SSP presents significant advantages over other polymerization techniques due to low operating temperatures, inexpensive equipment, and simple and environmentally sound procedures. Combining fundamentals of polymer science, chemistry, physical chemistry, and engineering, SSP also offers many research applications for a wide range of students and investigators. Gathering and filtering the latest literature on SSP, Solid Solid State Polymerization offers a unique, one-stop resource on this important process. With chapters contributed by leaders in the field, this text summarizes SSP, and provides essential coverage that includes: An introduction to SSP, with chemical and physical steps, apparatus, advantages, and parameters SSP physical chemistry and mechanisms Kinetic aspects of polyesters and polyamides SSP Catalysis in SSP processes Application of SSP under high pressure conditions in the laboratory Engineering aspects regarding process modeling and industrial application Recent developments and future possibilities Solid State Polymerization provides the most up-to-date coverage of this constantly developing field to academic and industry professionals, as well as graduate and postgraduate-level students in chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, polymer chemistry, polymer processing and polymer engineering.

Enzymatic Polymerization of Biobased Polyesters and Polyamides

Enzymatic Polymerization of Biobased Polyesters and Polyamides
A Book

by Yi Jiang

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9789036786041
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyesters and polyamides

Polyesters and polyamides
A Book

by BL Deopura,R. Alagirusamy,M. Joshi,B. Gupta

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-07-11
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 9781420079722
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyester and polyamides remain the most used group of synthetic fibres. This authoritative book reviews their methods of production, ways of improving their functionality and their wide range of applications. The first part of the book describes raw materials and manufacturing processes, including environmental issues. Part two considers ways of improving the functionality of polyester and polyamide fibres, including blending, weaving, coloration and other finishing techniques as well as new techniques such as nanotechnology. The final part of the book reviews the range of uses of these important fibres, from apparel and sportswear to automotive, medical and civil engineering applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Polyester and polyamides will be a standard reference for all those using this important group of fibres.

Modern Technology Of Waste Management: Pollution Control, Recycling, Treatment & Utilization

Modern Technology Of Waste Management: Pollution Control, Recycling, Treatment & Utilization
A Book

by NIIR Board

  • Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
  • Release : 2003-02-14
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 8178330849
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Waste management is the collection, transport, processing or disposal, managing and monitoring of waste materials. The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics. Waste management is a distinct practice from resource recovery which focuses on delaying the rate of consumption of natural resources. The management of wastes treats all materials as a single class, whether solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive substances, and tried to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of each through different methods. Rapid industrialization last few decades have led to the depletion of pollution of precious natural resources in India depletes and pollutes resources continuously. Further the rapid industrial developments have, led to the generation of huge quantities of hazardous wastes, which have further aggravated the environmental problems in the country by depleting and polluting natural resources. In fact, man today is caught in the vicious circle of increasing wants, declining resources and increasing waste being generated by the industries and municipalities is posing a problem of enormous dimensions. The domestic and industrial effluents are contributing in enhancing this problem. It might become the biggest problem if it is not dealt with immediately. Therefore, rational and sustainable utilization of natural resources and its protection from toxic releases is vital for sustainable socioeconomic development. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The utilization of resources and generation of waste is for beyond the limit that the biosphere was made to carry. This book majorly deals with industrial waste, industrial waste water technology, modern technologies for water pollution control, water recycle & product recovery air pollution control, environmental management system (EMS), surface active agents and contamination of water, physical methods for the treatment of organic acid bearing wastes, realities of waste cyanide treatment in India, biological treatment of aqueous wastes, plastics and generated wastes, alginate industry waste a source of biogas, acid charred waste as a resource material for highly active adsorbent. We have made a sincere effort to bring out this book which helps in minimizing the problem. For the conservation of our environment and sustainable development, we have tried to bring about the solution. This book is a careful attempt in bringing together some selected articles from both entrepreneurs and specialist on all that is possible in the field of waste management.

AQA Chemistry: A Level Year 2

AQA Chemistry: A Level Year 2
A Book

by Ted Lister,Janet Renshaw

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press - Children
  • Release : 2016-05-05
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 0198378475
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Please note this title is suitable for any student studying: Exam Board: AQA Level: A Level Year 2 Subject: Chemistry First teaching: September 2015 First exams: June 2017 Fully revised and updated for the new 2015 specification, written and checked by curriculum and specification experts, this Student Book supports and extends students through the new course while delivering the breadth, depth, and skills needed to succeed in the new A Levels and beyond. Covers all the content required for the second year of AQA A Level Chemistry studies.

European Plastics & Rubber Directory.

European Plastics & Rubber Directory.
A Book

by Rien Van den Hondel,Julie Robinson

  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 469
  • ISBN : 9781847350800
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymer Blends and Alloys

Polymer Blends and Alloys
A Book

by Gabriel O. Shonaike,George P. Simon

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1999-05-19
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 9780824719807
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Distinguishing among blends, alloys and other types of combinations, clarifying terminology and presenting data on new processes and materials, this work present up-to-date and effective compounding techniques for polymers. It offers extensive analyses on the challenging questions that surround miscibility, compatibility, dynamic processing, interaction/phase behaviour, and computer simulations for predicting behaviours of polymer mixture and interaction.

Fibre Structure

Fibre Structure
A Book

by Siba Prasad Mishra

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-07-06
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 135198313X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fibre Structure states that each and every fibre from their manufacturing (man-made fibres) or during development (natural fibres) creates and develops its own and specialized structure. It might be the chemical structure, crystalline structure, amorphous structure and/or morphology. This structure can be modified during processing. The structure equally influences the processing conditions as well as the properties of the fibre. With this background, the present book deals with different fibres and their structures. Different aspects of structure are dealt separately in a concise and compact manner. This will serve as a reference for researchers, technologists as well as professionals as a reference book to know about the structure of different fibres and their measurement.

Flame Retardants for Textile Materials

Flame Retardants for Textile Materials
A Book

by Asim Kumar Roy Choudhury

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-08-04
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 0429629672
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on flame retardants (FR) for textile materials. It discusses basics of flame retardancy and flammability and covers various types of flame retardants and materials, including natural FRs, halogen, phosphorous, and nanomaterial-based FRs. This book also discusses methods of applications of FRs and discusses FRs and the environment. Covers a variety of interdisciplinary applications in the textile industry Emphasizes environmental aspects Reports on a large number of FR compounds studied globally Discusses in detail recent developments in halogen-free eco-friendly flame retardants Extensively describes basic aspects of flame retardancy and their measurements Aimed at the practitioner and textile engineering professional this work aims to ensure development of safe textile materials for various uses, including apparel, protective wear, floor coverings, upholstery, drapery, and others.

Heavy Metals—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Heavy Metals—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 529
  • ISBN : 1481688553
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heavy Metals—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Antimony. The editors have built Heavy Metals—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Antimony in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Heavy Metals—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Index of Patents Issued from the United States Patent Office

Index of Patents Issued from the United States Patent Office
A Book

by United States. Patent Office

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1950
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles

Advances in the Dyeing and Finishing of Technical Textiles
A Book

by M. L. Gulrajani

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-02-08
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 085709761X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of distinctive colourants and finishes has a significant impact on the aesthetic appeal and functionality of technical textiles. Advances in the textile chemical industry facilitate production of diverse desirable properties, and are therefore of great interest in the production of textile products with enhanced performance characteristics. Drawing on key research, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles details important advances in this field and outlines their development for a range of applications. Part one reviews advances in dyes and colourants, including chromic materials, optical effect pigments and microencapsulated colourants for technical textile applications. Other types of functional dyes considered include UV- absorbent, anti-microbial and water-repellent dyes. Regulations relating to the use of textile dyes are discussed before part two goes on to investigate such advances in finishing techniques as mechanical finishing, softening treatments and the use of enzymes. Surfactants, Inkjet printing of technical textiles and functional finishes to improve the comfort and protection of apparel are also explored. The use of nanotechnology in producing hydrophobic, super-hydrophobic and antimicrobial finishes is dealt with alongside coating and lamination techniques, before the book concludes with a discussion of speciality polymers for the finishing of technical textiles. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in the dyeing and finishing of technical textiles is a comprehensive guide for all those involved in the development, production and application of technical textiles, including textile chemists, colour technologists, colour quality inspectors, product developers and textile finishers. Discusses important advances in the textile chemical industry Considers developments in various dyes and colourants used in the industry, including water repellent, functional and anti-microbial dyes Chapters also examine advances in finishing techniques, the use of nanotechnology and speciality polymers in technical textiles

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends

Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Mishra,Nandakumar Kalarikkal

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-06-19
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 0081019920
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Micro and Nano Fibrillar Composites (MFCs and NFCs) from Polymer Blends is a comprehensive reference for researchers, students and scientists working in the field of plastics recycling and composites. The book aims to determine the influence of micro and nanofibrillar morphology on the properties of immiscible blend systems. Chapters cover micro and nanofibrillar composites based on polyolefin, liquid crystal polymer, biodegradable polymers, polyester and polyamide blends in various industrial application fields. The book brings together panels of highly-accomplished experts in the field of plastics recycling, blends and composites systems. For several decades, plastic technology has played an important role in many industrial applications, such as packaging, automobiles, aerospace and construction. However the increasing use of plastics creates a lot of waste. This has led to restrictions on the use of some plastics for certain applications and a drive towards recycling of plastics. More recently, microfibrillar in-situ composites have been prepared from waste plastics such as PET/PP, PET/PE and Nylon/PP as a way of formulating new high performance polymer systems. This book tackles these issues and more, and is an ideal resource for anyone interested in polymer blends. Provides information on MFC and NFC based polymer blends that have been accumulated over the last 25 years, providing a useful reference Adopts a novel approach in terms of understanding the relationship between processing, morphology, structure, properties and applications in micro and nanofibrillar composites Contains contributions from leading experts in the field from both industrial and academic research

OCR A Level Chemistry A

OCR A Level Chemistry A
A Book

by Rob Ritchie,Emma Poole

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press - Children
  • Release : 2016-05-05
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 0198378580
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Please note this title is suitable for any student studying: Exam Board: OCR Level: A Level Subject: Chemistry A First teaching: September 2015 First exams: June 2017 Written by curriculum and specification experts, this Student Book supports and extends students through the new linear course while delivering the breadth, depth, and skills needed to succed in the new A Level and beyond.

Principles of Polymer Chemistry

Principles of Polymer Chemistry
A Book

by A. Ravve

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 626
  • ISBN : 1461542278
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition was written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in polymer chemistry, along with practicing chemists who need a reference guide. Many important events have taken place since the First Edition was published in 1995, and they are updated here. For example, sections have been included on controlled/living free radical polymerization, and sections on metathesis type polymerization and metallocene catalysts were expanded. The book was also expanded to include discussions of thermodynamics of elasticity, thermodynamics of polymeric solutions, and rheology and viscoelasticity. A chapter on degradation of polymers was also added.

Electrochemical Synthesis of Polyesters and Polyamides

Electrochemical Synthesis of Polyesters and Polyamides
A Study of the Polymerisation of Lactams, Lactones and the Anhydride/propylene Oxide System by Direct Electrolysis of Their Conducting Solutions

by G. Ghous

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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ELECTROLYSIS, POLYMERISATION, POLYESTER, POLYAMIDES, LACTAMS, LACTONES, ANHYDRIDES, PROPYLENE OXIDES, MOLECULAR WEIGHT DISTRIBUTIONS, ELECTROLYTES.

Modern Polyesters

Modern Polyesters
Chemistry and Technology of Polyesters and Copolyesters

by John Scheirs,Timothy E. Long

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2005-09-01
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 0470090677
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides an overview of the family of polyester polymers which comprise an important group of plastics that span the range of commodity polymers to engineering resins. It describes the preparation, properties and applications of polyesters. Readers will also find details on polyester-based elastomers, biodegradable aliphatic polyester, liquid crystal polyesters and unsaturated polyesters for glass-reinforced composites. Presents an overview of the most recent developments. Explores synthesis, catalysts, processes, properties and applications. Looks at emerging polyester materials as well as existing ones. Written by foremost experts from both academia and industry, ensuring that both fundamentals and practical applications are covered.