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Organic Radical Polymers

Organic Radical Polymers
New Avenues in Organic Electronics

by Sanjoy Mukherjee,Bryan W. Boudouris

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-22
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN : 3319585746
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a detailed introduction to organic radical polymers and open-shell macromolecules. Functional macromolecules have led to marked increases in a wide range of technologies, and one of the fastest growing of these fields is that of organic electronic materials and devices. To date, synthetic and organic electronic device efforts have focused almost exclusively on closed-shell polymers despite the promise of open-shell macromolecules in myriad applications. This text represents the first comprehensive review of the design, synthesis, characterization, and device applications of open-shell polymers. In particular, it will summarize the impressive synthetic and device performance efforts that have been achieved with respect to energy storage, energy conversion, magnetic, and spintronic applications. By combining comprehensive reviews with a wealth of informative figures, the text provides the reader with a complete “molecules-to-modules” understanding of the state of the art in open-shell macromolecules. Moreover, the monograph highlights future directions for open-shell polymers in order to allow the reader to be part of the community that continues to build the field. In this way, the reader will gain a rapid understanding of the field and will have a clear pathway to utilize these materials in next-generation applications.

Polymers in Organic Electronics

Polymers in Organic Electronics
Polymer Selection for Electronic, Mechatronic, and Optoelectronic Systems

by Sulaiman Khalifeh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-01
  • Pages : 616
  • ISBN : 192788568X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymers in Organic Electronics: Polymer Selection for Electronic, Mechatronic, and Optoelectronic Systems provides readers with vital data, guidelines, and techniques for optimally designing organic electronic systems using novel polymers. The book classifies polymer families, types, complexes, composites, nanocomposites, compounds, and small molecules while also providing an introduction to the fundamental principles of polymers and electronics. Features information on concepts and optimized types of electronics and a classification system of electronic polymers, including piezoelectric and pyroelectric, optoelectronic, mechatronic, organic electronic complexes, and more. The book is designed to help readers select the optimized material for structuring their organic electronic system. Chapters discuss the most common properties of electronic polymers, methods of optimization, and polymeric-structured printed circuit boards. The polymeric structures of optoelectronics and photonics are covered and the book concludes with a chapter emphasizing the importance of polymeric structures for packaging of electronic devices. Provides key identifying details on a range of polymers, micro-polymers, nano-polymers, resins, hydrocarbons, and oligomers Covers the most common electrical, electronic, and optical properties of electronic polymers Describes the underlying theories on the mechanics of polymer conductivity Discusses polymeric structured printed circuit boards, including their rapid prototyping and optimizing their polymeric structures Shows optimization methods for both polymeric structures of organic active electronic components and organic passive electronic components

Triphenylene-based Polymers for Organic Electronics

Triphenylene-based Polymers for Organic Electronics
A Book

by Moussa Saleh

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 225
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Organic Electronics Materials and Devices

Organic Electronics Materials and Devices
A Book

by Shuichiro Ogawa

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-09-18
  • Pages : 245
  • ISBN : 4431556540
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an introductory text for graduate students, researchers in industries, and those who are just beginning to work on organic electronics materials, devices and their applications. The book includes mainly fundamental principles and theories for understanding organic electronics materials and devices, but also provides information about state-of-the-art technologies, applications and future prospects. These topics encompass physics for organic transistors, structure control technologies of polymer semiconductors, nanomaterials electronics, organic solar cells, organic electroluminescence, liquid semiconductors and dynamics for excitation, among others. This book will help researchers to be able to contribute to society with the technologies and science of organic electronics materials in the future.

New Conjugated Polymers for Organic Electronics

New Conjugated Polymers for Organic Electronics
Synthesis, Properties, and Applications

by Yan Zhu

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wspc Reference On Organic Electronics, The: Organic Semiconductors (In 2 Volumes)

Wspc Reference On Organic Electronics, The: Organic Semiconductors (In 2 Volumes)
A Book

by Marder Seth R,Bredas Jean-luc

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2016-06-24
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN : 9814699241
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This 2-volume set provides the reader with a basic understanding of the foundational concepts pertaining to the design, synthesis, and applications of conjugated organic materials used as organic semiconductors, in areas including organic photovoltaic devices, light-emitting diodes, field-effect transistors, spintronics, actuation, bioelectronics, thermoelectrics, and nonlinear optics.While there are many monographs in these various areas, the emphasis here is both on the fundamental chemistry and physics concepts underlying the field of organic semiconductors and on how these concepts drive a broad range of applications. This makes the volumes ideal introductory textbooks in the subject. They will thus offer great value to both junior and senior scientists working in areas ranging from organic chemistry to condensed matter physics and materials science and engineering.Number of Illustrations and Tables: 168 b/w illus., 242 colour illus., 13 tables.

Synthesis of Pendant Polymers for Organic Electronics

Synthesis of Pendant Polymers for Organic Electronics
A Book

by Craig Combe

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The field of organic electronics is dominated by two different strategies; small molecules and conjugated back-bone polymers each with their own strengths and weaknesses. Small molecules tend to have better electronic properties due to the ease with which they form crystals but are difficult to process on an industrial scale. Conjugated back-bone polymers' physical properties are ideal for mass production via methods such as inkjet printing but their electronic properties are highly dependent on the polymer morphology which is difficult to reproduce effectively on an industrial scale. This project will attempt to combine both strategies by making pendant polymers using new and known, high performance small molecules attached to a flexible polymer backbone. It is theorised that the small molecule pendants will interact to give the desired electronic properties, while the backbone will provide the physical properties required for simpler industrial manufacture.

Organic Electronics

Organic Electronics
A Book

by Gregor Meller,Tibor Grasser

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-11-18
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 3642045375
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dear Readers, Since the ground-breaking, Nobel-prize crowned work of Heeger, MacDiarmid, and Shirakawa on molecularly doped polymers and polymers with an alternating bonding structure at the end of the 1970s, the academic and industrial research on hydrocarbon-based semiconducting materials and devices has made encouraging progress. The strengths of semiconducting polymers are currently mainly unfolding in cheap and easily assembled thin ?lm transistors, light emitting diodes, and organic solar cells. The use of so-called “plastic chips” ranges from lightweight, portable devices over large-area applications to gadgets demanding a degree of mechanical ?exibility, which would overstress conventionaldevices based on inorganic,perfect crystals. The ?eld of organic electronics has evolved quite dynamically during the last few years; thus consumer electronics based on molecular semiconductors has gained suf?cient market attractiveness to be launched by the major manufacturers in the recent past. Nonetheless, the numerous challenges related to organic device physics and the physics of ordered and disordered molecular solids are still the subjects of a cont- uing lively debate. The future of organic microelectronics will unavoidably lead to new devi- physical insights and hence to novel compounds and device architectures of - hanced complexity. Thus, the early evolution of predictive models and precise, computationally effective simulation tools for computer-aided analysis and design of promising device prototypes will be of crucial importance.

Handbook of Thiophene-Based Materials

Handbook of Thiophene-Based Materials
Applications in Organic Electronics and Photonics, 2 Volume Set

by Igor F. Perepichka,Dmitrii F. Perepichka

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-07-17
  • Pages : 910
  • ISBN : 9780470745540
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This essential resource consists of a series of critical reviews written by leading scientists, summarising the progress in the field of conjugated thiophene materials. It is an application-oriented book, giving a chemists’ point of view on the state-of-art and perspectives of the field. While presenting a comprehensive coverage of thiophene-based materials and related applications, the aim is to show how the rational molecular design of materials can bring a new breadth to known device applications or even aid the development of novel application concepts. The main topics covered include synthetic methodologies to thiophene-based materials (including the chemistry of thiophene, preparation of oligomers and polymerisation approaches) and the structure and physical properties of oligo- and polythiophenes (discussion of structural effects on electronic and optical properties). Part of the book is devoted to the optical and semiconducting properties of conjugated thiophene materials for electronics and photonics, and the role of thiophene-based materials in nanotechnology.

Benzodithiophene Containing Semiconducting Polymers for Organic Electronics

Benzodithiophene Containing Semiconducting Polymers for Organic Electronics
A Book

by Prakash Sista,University of Texas at Dallas. Graduate Program in Chemistry

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chapter 1 describes the evolution of the field of semiconducting polymers leading to the development of the benzodithiophene core. Synthetic methodologies adopted for the synthesis of benzodithiophene monomers, polymers and their electronic properties are described in this chapter.

Polymers for Light-emitting Devices and Displays

Polymers for Light-emitting Devices and Displays
A Book

by Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-05-01
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1119654661
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymers for Light-Emitting Devices and Displays provides an in-depth overview of fabrication methods and unique properties of polymeric semiconductors, and their potential applications for LEDs including organic electronics, displays, and optoelectronics. Some of the chapter subjects include: • The newest polymeric materials and processes beyond the classical structure of PLED • Conjugated polymers and their application in the light-emitting diodes (OLEDs & PLEDs) as optoelectronic devices. • The novel work carried out on electrospun nanofibers used for LEDs. • The roles of diversified architectures, layers, components, and their structural modifications in determining efficiencies and parameters of PLEDs as high-performance devices. • Polymer liquid crystal devices (PLCs), their synthesis, and applications in various liquid crystal devices (LCs) and displays. • Reviews the state-of-art of materials and technologies to manufacture hybrid white light-emitting diodes based on inorganic light sources and organic wavelength converters.

Organic Electronics for Electrochromic Materials and Devices

Organic Electronics for Electrochromic Materials and Devices
A Book

by Hong Meng

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-03-30
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 3527830618
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explore this comprehensive overview of organic electrochromic materials and devices from a leading voice in the industry Organic Electronics for Electrochromic Materials and Devices delivers a complete discussion of the major and key topics related to the phenomenon of electrochromism. The text covers the history of organic electrochromism, its fundamental principles, different types of electrochromic materials, the development of device structures and multi-function devices, characterizations of device performance, modern applications of electrochromic devices, and prospects for future electrochromic devices. The distinguished author places a strong focus on recent research results from universities and private firms from around the world and addresses the issues and challenges faced by those who apply organic electrochromic technology in the real world. With these devices quickly becoming the go-to display technology in the field of electronic information, this resource will quickly become indispensable to all who work or study in the field of optics. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to organic electrochromism, including its history and the mechanisms of electrochromic devices An exploration of polymer electrolytes for electrochromic applications, including their requirements and types A discussion of electrochromic small molecules, including the development of technology in conjugated polymer and violene-cyanine hybrids A treatment of Prussian blue and metallohexacyanates, including their backgrounds, technology development, crystal structures, synthesis, nanocomposites, and assembled electrochromic devices Perfect for materials scientists, polymer chemists, organic chemists, physical chemists, and inorganic chemists, Organic Electronics for Electrochromic Materials and Devices will also earn a place in the libraries of physicists and those who work in the optical industry who seek a one-stop reference that covers all aspects of organic electrochromic materials.

Solution-Processable Components for Organic Electronic Devices

Solution-Processable Components for Organic Electronic Devices
A Book

by Beata Luszczynska,Krzysztof Matyjaszewski,Jacek Ulanski

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-09-16
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN : 352734442X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides first-hand insights into advanced fabrication techniques for solution processable organic electronics materials and devices The field of printable organic electronics has emerged as a technology which plays a major role in materials science research and development. Printable organic electronics soon compete with, and for specific applications can even outpace, conventional semiconductor devices in terms of performance, cost, and versatility. Printing techniques allow for large-scale fabrication of organic electronic components and functional devices for use as wearable electronics, health-care sensors, Internet of Things, monitoring of environment pollution and many others, yet-to-be-conceived applications. The first part of Solution-Processable Components for Organic Electronic Devices covers the synthesis of: soluble conjugated polymers; solution-processable nanoparticles of inorganic semiconductors; high-k nanoparticles by means of controlled radical polymerization; advanced blending techniques yielding novel materials with extraordinary properties. The book also discusses photogeneration of charge carriers in nanostructured bulk heterojunctions and charge carrier transport in multicomponent materials such as composites and nanocomposites as well as photovoltaic devices modelling. The second part of the book is devoted to organic electronic devices, such as field effect transistors, light emitting diodes, photovoltaics, photodiodes and electronic memory devices which can be produced by solution-based methods, including printing and roll-to-roll manufacturing. The book provides in-depth knowledge for experienced researchers and for those entering the field. It comprises 12 chapters focused on: ? novel organic electronics components synthesis and solution-based processing techniques ? advanced analysis of mechanisms governing charge carrier generation and transport in organic semiconductors and devices ? fabrication techniques and characterization methods of organic electronic devices Providing coverage of the state of the art of organic electronics, Solution-Processable Components for Organic Electronic Devices is an excellent book for materials scientists, applied physicists, engineering scientists, and those working in the electronics industry.

Development of Novel Conjugated Polymer Materials and Structures for Organic Electronics and Energy Applications

Development of Novel Conjugated Polymer Materials and Structures for Organic Electronics and Energy Applications
A Book

by Bartlomiej Piotr Kolodziejczyk

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While much research in the field of conducting polymers and organic electronics focuses on development of novel polymers and other related materials, or enhancing the properties of existing materials and understanding the mechanisms behind them, in many cases, clear and reliable future directions or applications of the research are unclear. Developing an understanding of the roles of different physical and chemical mechanisms and establishing simple, cheap and reliable manufacturing and processing technologies for conducting polymers will be crucial to guide future research to uncover modern materials for advanced practical applications. In the present work, several novel manufacturing and processing routes have been established to firstly create organic materials with desired properties and, later, to apply them in functional devices. Several adjustments have been made to the synthesis of conducting polymers, and novel ways for patterning of thin organic films developed, so that high-quality materials can be made cheaply and relatively quickly and then used to create functional devices with improved properties. Conducting polymers such as polyacetylene, polythiophene, polyaniline or poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) have been studied for several decades now; however, their properties have not been sufficient for widespread commercial application. Only recently have developments in the field and improvements in the properties of these materials, as well as better understanding of mechanisms underlying their functionality, allowed their use in prototype devices. The conductivity of organic materials is still relatively low compared to that of their inorganic counterparts, although some applications do not require such high electrical properties. A critical step was to better understand conductivity mechanisms and improve them using several different methods. Examples of methods to improve properties include blending two or more conducting or non-conducting polymers, co-polymerizing different monomers together or designing polymers and their surfaces on the nano-level. This work presents a study of two conducting polymers: poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) and poly(thiophene) and some attempts to increase their current properties or develop new properties to meet requirements for specific applications. Most of the effort focuses on the development of properties that are important for application in fields like energy production and storage, photonics and electronics. These critical properties include high electrical performance and high conductivity, good electrochemical properties, high surface area, broad light absorption spectra, biocompatibility, good mechanical properties and long lifetime. Chapter 3 discusses vapor phase co-polymerization of bithiophene and terthiophene as a route to widen absorption spectra of polythiophene materials. Chapter 4 describes processes responsible for formation of polythiophene nano-structures during vapor phase polymerization. It also explains conditions and polymerization parameters responsible for formation of different nano-structures so that those materials can be tuned for desired applications. Chapter 5 shows development of a laser ablation technique as a way to pattern conducting polymers to get the shape and architecture required for a specific device or application. The laser ablation technique is applied to manufacture organic electrochemical transistors and gas sensors. Lastly, Chapter 6 builds on knowledge from previous chapters to develop organic light sensors and opto-logic gates that can be used in an optical-to-electronic interface. This work significantly advances the state of knowledge of conducting polymers within the organic electronics field, and gives insights into how those materials interact with each other and how to tailor their properties. The findings here can serve as a basis for developing new conducting polymers, as well as direct investigations for new applications using the materials presented here.

Triphenylene-based Polymers for Organic Electronics

Triphenylene-based Polymers for Organic Electronics
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An efficient synthesis has been developed toward a novel series of conjugated blue emitting polymers containing triphenylene as repeating unit for polymer light emitting diodes (PLEDs). Soluble triphenylene-based co- and homo-polymers have been synthesized by the palladium-catalyzed Suzuki-Miyaura and the nickel-catalysed Yamamoto polycondensation reactions, respectively. The photophysical properties as well as the application of the polymers in PLED devices are presented here.rnIn addition a simple GNR fabrication method that allows for the production of atomically precise GNRs of different topologies and widths is introduced. This bottom-up approach consists in the surface-assisted coupling of suitably designed molecular triphenylene precursors into linear polyphenylenes and their subsequent cyclodehydrogenation and results in GNRs whose topology, width and edge periphery are defined by the precursor monomers. Various types of atomically precise GNRs thus eventually become available for experimental investigation and exploitation of their many predicted and technologically highly interesting properties. Furthermore, it is anticipated that this bottom-up approach of GNR fabrication will allow the engineering of chemical and electronic properties and the yet elusive realization of theoretically predicted structures such as intraribbon quantum dots, superlattice structures, or magnetic devices based on specific GNR edge states.rn.

Hydrogen-Bonded Small Molecules and Polymers in Organic Electronics

Hydrogen-Bonded Small Molecules and Polymers in Organic Electronics
A Book

by Bilal Özen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 221
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mots-clés de l'auteur: Semiaromatic polyamide ; hydrogen bonding ; organic semiconductors ; organic field-effect transistors ; oligothiophene ; perylene bisimide ; structure-property relationships.

Supramolecular Soft Matter

Supramolecular Soft Matter
Applications in Materials and Organic Electronics

by Takashi Nakanishi

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-10-11
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 1118095324
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The pivotal text that bridges the gap between fundamentals andapplications of soft matter in organic electronics Covering an expanding and highly coveted subject area,Supramolecular Soft Matter enlists the services of leadingresearchers to help readers understand and manipulate theelectronic properties of supramolecular soft materials for use inorganic opto-electronic devices, such as photovoltaics and fieldeffect transistors, some of the most desired materials for energyconservation. Rather than offering a compilation of current trendsin supramolecular soft matter, this book bridges the gap betweenfundamentals and applications of soft matter in organic electronicsin an effort to open new directions in research for applyingsupramolecular assembly into organic materials while also focusingon the morphological functions originating from the materials'self-assembled architectures. This unique approach distinguishesSupramolecular Soft Matter as a valuable resource for learning toidentify concepts that hold promise for the successful developmentof organic/polymeric electronics for use in real-worldapplications. Supramolecular Soft Matter: Combines important topics to help supramolecular chemists andorganic electronics researchers work together Covers an interdisciplinary field of prime importance togovernment-supported R&D research Discusses the concepts and perspectives in a dynamic field toaid in the successful development of organic electronics Includes applications for energy conservation like photovoltaicsand field effect transistors Teeming with applicable information on both molecular design andsynthesis, as well as the development of smart molecular assembliesfor organic electronic systems, Supramolecular Soft Matter providesmore practical in-depth coverage of this rapidly evolvingtechnology than any other book in its field.

Polymers in Organic Electronics

Polymers in Organic Electronics
Polymer Selection for Electronic, Mechatronic, and Optoelectronic Systems

by Sulaiman Khalifeh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-03-30
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 0128233842
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymers in Organic Electronics: Polymer Selection for Electronic, Mechatronic, and Optoelectronic Systems provides readers with vital data, guidelines, and techniques for optimally designing organic electronic systems built out of novel polymers. It starts by classifying polymer families, types, complexes, composites, nanocomposites, compounds, and small molecules while also providing an introduction to the fundamental principles of each polymers and electronics. Information on concepts and optimized types of electronics as well as a classification system of electronic polymers such as piezoelectric and pyroelectric, optoelectronic, mechatronic, organic electronic complexes, and more help readers select the optimized material for structuring their organic electronic system. Following chapters discuss the most common properties of electronic polymers, methods of optimization, as well as polymeric-structured printed circuit boards. The polymeric structures of optoelectronics and photonics are covered and the book concludes with a chapter emphasizing the importance of polymeric structures for packaging of electronic devices. Provides key identifying details on a range of polymers, micro-polymers, nano-polymers, resins, hydrocarbons, and oligomers Covers the most common electrical, electronic, and optical properties of electronic polymers Describes the underlying theories on the mechanics of polymer conductivity Discusses polymeric structured printed circuit boards, including their rapid prototyping and optimizing their polymeric structures Shows optimization methods for both polymeric structures of organic active electronic components and organic passive electronic components

Azobenzene-based Polymers for Organic Electronics and Photo-thermal Batteries

Azobenzene-based Polymers for Organic Electronics and Photo-thermal Batteries
A Book

by Seung Pyo Jeong

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Organic Electronic Materials

Organic Electronic Materials
Conjugated Polymers and Low Molecular Weight Organic Solids

by R. Farchioni,G. Grosso

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-21
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 3642564259
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book brings together selected contributions both on the fundamental information on the physics and chemistry of these materials, new physical ideas and decisive experiments. It constitutes both an insightful treatise and a handy reference for specialists and graduate students working in solid state physics and chemistry, material science and related fields.