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Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease
A Book

by Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-10-26
  • Pages : 1488
  • ISBN : 012398467X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease documents antioxidant actions of polyphenols in protection of cells and cell organelles, critical for understanding their health-promoting actions to help the dietary supplement industry. The book begins by describing the fundamentals of absorption, metabolism and bioavailability of polyphenols, as well as the effect of microbes on polyphenol structure and function and toxicity. It then examines the role of polyphenols in the treatment of chronic disease, including vascular and cardiac health, obesity and diabetes therapy, cancer treatment and prevention, and more. Explores neuronal protection by polyphenol metabolites and their application to medical care Defines modulation of enzyme actions to help researchers see and study polyphenols’ mechanisms of action, leading to clinical applications Includes insights on polyphenols in brain and neurological functions to apply them to the wide range of aging diseases

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease
A Book

by Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-08-06
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 0128130075
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyphenols: Mechanisms of Action in Human Health and Disease, Second Edition describes the mechanisms of polyphenol antioxidant activities and their use in disease prevention. Chapters highlight the anti-inflammatory activity of polyphenols on key dendritic cells, how they modulate and suppress inflammation, and how they are inactivated or activated by metabolism in the gut and circulating blood. Polyphenols have proven effective for key health benefits, including bone health, organ health, cardiac and vascular conditions, absorption and metabolism, and cancer and diseases of the immune system. They are a unique group of phytochemicals that are present in all fruits, vegetables and other plant products. This very diverse and multi-functional group of active plant compounds contain powerful antioxidant properties and exhibit remarkable chemical, biological and physiological properties, including cancer prevention and cardio-protective activities. Expands coverage on green tea, cocoa, wine, cumin and herbs Outlines their chemical properties, bioavailability and metabolomics Provides a self-teaching guide to learn the mechanisms of action and health benefits of polyphenols

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease
A Book

by Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-08-06
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 0128130091
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polyphenols in Prevention and Treatment of Human Disease, Second Edition authoritatively covers evidence of the powerful health benefits of polyphenols, touching on cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, diabetes and osteoporosis. This collection represents the contributions of an international group of experts in polyphenol research who share their expertise in endocrinology, public health, cardiology, pharmacology, agriculture and veterinary science. Researchers from diverse backgrounds will gain insight into how clinical observations and practices can feed back into the research cycle, thus allowing them to develop more targeted insights into the mechanisms of disease. This reference fills a void in research where nutritionists and alternative therapies may be applicable. Describes polyphenol modulation of blood flow and oxygenation as a potential mechanism of protection against vascular atherosclerosis Describes how polyphenols and antioxidants frequently change immune defenses and actions Focuses on the most important areas of research and provides insights into their relationships and translational opportunities

Tannins in Livestock and Human Nutrition

Tannins in Livestock and Human Nutrition
Proceedings of an International Workshop, Adelaide, Australia, May 31-June 2, 1999

by John D. Brooker

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 171
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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These proceedings report on an international workshop held in Adelaide, Australia from May 31-June 2, 1999. Papers were presented on aspects of tannin chemistry, animal nutrition and microbiology.

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996-10
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book of Abstracts

Book of Abstracts
2000 International Chemical Congress of Pacific Basin Societies, Pacifichem 2000 : Honolulu, Hawaii, December 14-19, 2000

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Phytochemicals in Health and Disease

Phytochemicals in Health and Disease
A Book

by Yongping Bao,Roger Fenwick

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2004-05-24
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 9780203021408
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"... well-written and the content is clearly presented. ... There are plentiful figures and tables, which are effectively labeled and adequately support the content. ...highly recommended for academic and special libraries. ...effectively presents current research on phytochemicals in a readable manner." - E-Streams "This landmark volume shows how far the field has advanced ... . This important volume is filled with reports on what the editors term as the 'new era' in the study of phytochemicals, in which we move from the 'eat more vegetable and fruit' admonition to more detailed information on the biology, molecular biology, regulatory function, and role in human health of phytochemicals. ... All workers in phytochemicals should get themselves a copy of this valuable book."

Diet-Microbe Interactions in the Gut

Diet-Microbe Interactions in the Gut
Effects on Human Health and Disease

by Kieran Tuohy,Daniele Del Rio

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-30
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 9780128101148
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drawing on expert opinions from the fields of nutrition, gut microbiology, mammalian physiology, and immunology, Diet-Microbe Interactions for Human Health investigates the evidence for a unified disease mechanism working through the gut and its resident microbiota, and linking many inflammation-related chronic diet associated diseases. State of the art post-genomic studies can highlight the important role played by our resident intestinal microbiota in determining human health and disease. Many chronic human diseases associated with modern lifestyles and diets -- including those localized to the intestinal tract like inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease, and more pervasive systemic conditions such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease -- are characterized by aberrant profiles of gut bacteria or their metabolites. Many of these diseases have an inflammatory basis, often presenting with a chronic low-grade systemic inflammation, hinting at persistent and inappropriate activation of inflammatory pathways. Through the presentation and analysis of recent nutrition studies, this book discusses the possible mechanisms underpinning the disease processes associated with these pathologies, with high fat diets appearing to predispose to disease, and biologically active plant components, mainly fiber and polyphenols, appearing to reduce the risk of chronic disease development. One comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of nutrition and diet's effect on gastrointestinal health and disease Experts in nutrition, diet, microbiology and immunology take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Clear presentations by leading researchers of the cellular mechanisms underlying diet, immune response, and gastrointestinal disease help practicing nutritionists and clinicians (gastroenterologists, endocrinologists) map out new areas for clinical research and structuring clinical recommendations

Phytochemicals

Phytochemicals
Isolation, Characterisation and Role in Human Health

by Venketeshwer Rao,Leticia Rao

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2015-09-30
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 9535121707
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Global dietary recommendations emphasize the consumption of plant-based foods for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Plants contain many biologically active compounds referred to as phytochemicals or functional ingredients. These compounds play an important role in human health. Prior to establishing the safety and health benefits of these compounds, they must first be isolated, purified, and their physico-chemical properties established. Once identified, their mechanisms of actions are studied. The chapters are arranged in the order from isolation, purification and identification to in vivo and clinical studies, there by covering not only the analytical procedures used but also their nutraceutical and therapeutic properties.

Natural Antioxidants and Anticarcinogens in Nutrition, Health and Disease

Natural Antioxidants and Anticarcinogens in Nutrition, Health and Disease
A Book

by J T Kumpulainen,J T Salonen

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1999-01-01
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 1845698401
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural antioxidants and anticarcinogens in nutrition, health and disease represents the most recent information and state-of-the-art knowledge on the role of antioxidative vitamins, carotenoids and flavonoids in ageing, atherosclerosis, and diabetes, as well as the role of natural anticarcinogenic compounds, particularly lignans and isoflavonoids, and cancer prevention. It is highly interdisciplinary, and will be of importance to all scientists working in the medical, biomedical, nutritional and food sciences as well as the academics.

Handbook of Antioxidants

Handbook of Antioxidants
A Book

by Lester Packer

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2001-10-26
  • Pages : 732
  • ISBN : 0824745108
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contains new and expanded material on antioxidants in beverages and herbal products, nitric oxide and selenium, and the effect of vitamin C on cardiovascular disease and of lipoic acid on aging, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance! Offering over 4200 contemporary references-2000 more than the previous edition-the Second Edition of the Handbook of Antioxidants is an up-to-the-minute source for nutritionists and dietitians, cell biologists and biochemists, cardiologists, oncologists, dermatologists, and medical students in these disciplines.

Flavonoids in Health and Disease, Second Edition

Flavonoids in Health and Disease, Second Edition
A Book

by Catherine A. Rice-Evans,Lester Packer

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 541
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presenting advances in the area of research into flavonoids, this work discusses the molecular, biochemical and physiological effects of flavonoids in vivo. It highlights the anticancer properties of flavonoids and investigates flavonoid influence on coronary heart disease. It also furnished evidence for the protective effects of dietary phytochemicals against chronic diseases.

Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Human Health Effects of Fruits and Vegetables

Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Human Health Effects of Fruits and Vegetables
A Book

by Yves Desjardins,B. Patil

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nutritional Antioxidant Therapies: Treatments and Perspectives

Nutritional Antioxidant Therapies: Treatments and Perspectives
A Book

by Kaïs Hussain Al-Gubory,Ismail Laher

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-03-10
  • Pages : 553
  • ISBN : 3319676253
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers a collection of expert reviews on the use of plant-based antioxidant therapies in disease prevention and treatment. Topics discussed include the uses of plant and nutritional antioxidants in the contexts of reproductive health and prenatal development, healthcare and aging, noncommunicable chronic diseases, and environmental pollution. The text is complemented by a wealth of color figures and summary tables.

Tea in Health and Disease Prevention

Tea in Health and Disease Prevention
A Book

by Victor R. Preedy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 1573
  • ISBN : 0123849373
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examines the benefits of tea and its components, ranging from the anti-microbial to the anti-oxidant. Components such as catechins, theaflavins, polysaccharides, and others have been isolated and may have putative protective effects and modulate the biochemistry of a variety of cell types. 128 chapters explore improvements in the cardiovascular system, the brain, and other organs, and looks at possible applications in other disease areas --

Food Factors in Health Promotion and Disease Prevention

Food Factors in Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
A Book

by Fereidoon Shahidi,American Chemical Society. Division of Agricultural and Food Chemistry,American Chemical Society. Meeting

  • Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This symposium brought together scientists from academia and industry studying food factors as they relate to human health. In the first of 37 original research and review papers, Shahidi (Memorial U. of Newfoundland) overviews bioactive compounds in food that research indicates play a role in disease prevention, including antioxidants and essential fatty acids. Other contributors discuss chemicals in tea, fruits, and vegetables; their bioavailability; mechanisms of action; biomarkers, and animal models. However, there is no mention of the promising research on probiotics ("good bacteria") in yoghurt and acidophilus milk. Distributed by Oxford U. Press. Annotation (c)2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

Dietary Polyphenols

Dietary Polyphenols
Metabolism and Health Effects

by Francisco A . Tomás-Barberán,Antonio González-Sarrías,Rocío García-Villalba

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-12-15
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 1119563720
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents recent research on metabolism and the health effects of polyphenols Consumer interest in the health benefits of many phenolic compounds found in plant foods and derivatives has grown considerably in recent years, giving rise to an increased demand for functional foods. Although preclinical and observational studies have promoted the protective properties of polyphenols for a range of chronic diseases, evidence has shown that most dietary polyphenols have little bioavailability. Once ingested, most of them are metabolized by either the intestinal enzymes or by the gut microbiota and then undergo extensive phase-II metabolism reaching significant concentrations of conjugated metabolites. They remain in the systemic circulation and target systemic tissues where trigger biological effects. The polyphenol-derived metabolites produced in humans are dependent upon the composition of the gut microbiota and the subject genetics. Thus all the metabolites do not show the same biological activity in different individuals. To fully understand the health effects of polyphenols, further clinical investigations are required. Dietary Polyphenols describes the latest findings on the polyphenol metabolism and reviews the current evidence on their health effects and that of their bioavailable metabolites. Emphasizing the importance of interindividual variability and the critical role of gut microbiota, this authoritative volume features contributions from recognized experts in the field, exploring specific families of extractable and non-extractable phenolic compounds that exhibit potential health effects. Topics include structural diversity of polyphenols and distribution in foods, bioavailability and bioaccessibility of phenolics, metabolism, and gastrointestinal absorption of various metabolites and their health effects. This comprehensive volume: Discusses the bioavailability, bioaccessibility, pharmacokinetics studies, and microbial metabolism of different groups of phenolic compounds Examines the interaction between polyphenols and gut microbiota Describes analytical methods for identifying and quantifying polyphenols in foods and biological samples Reviews recent epidemiological and clinical intervention studies showing protective effects of polyphenols Dietary Polyphenols: Metabolism and Health Effects is an important resource for scientists working in the area of dietary polyphenols and health effects, microbiota, and their interaction with other nutritional compounds, and for health professionals, nutritionists, dieticians, and clinical researchers with interest in the role of polyphenols in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases.

Herbs

Herbs
Challenges in Chemistry and Biology

by Mingfu Wang,American Chemical Society. Meeting

  • Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 369
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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1. Botanical quality initiatives at the office of dietary supplements, National institutes of health -- 2. Current trends and future prospects of traditional Chinese medicines in the 21st century -- 3. Bioactive polyphenols from foods and dietary supplements : challenges and opportunities -- 4. Instrumental analysis of popular botanical products in the U.S. market -- 5. Challenges in assessing bioactive botanical ingredients in functional beverages -- 6. Bioactive natural products from Chinese tropical marine plants and invertebrates -- 7. Curcumin : potential health benefits, molecular mechanism of action, and its anticancer properties in vitro and in vivo -- 8. Need for analytical methods and fingerprinting : total quality control of phytomedicine Echinacea -- 9. Bioassay-guided isolation, identification, and quantification of the estrogen-like constituent from PC SPES -- 10. Intraspecific variation in quality control parameters, polyphenol profile, and antioxidant activity in wild populations of Lippia multiflora from Ghana -- 11. Protein tyrosine phosphatases 1B inhibitors from traditional Chinese medicine -- 12. Thioglucosidase-catalyzed hydrolysis of the major glucosinolate of Maca (Lepidium meyenii) to benzyl isothiocyanate : mini-review and simple quantitativeHPLC method -- 13. Studies on chemical constituents of jiaogulan (gynostemma pentaphyllum) -- 14. Chemical components of noni (morinda citrifolia L.) root -- 15. Characterization of chemical components of Ixeris denticulata -- 16. Bioavailability, metabolism, and pharmacokinetics of glycosides in Chinese herbs -- 17. Moringa, a novel plant rich in antioxidants, bioavailable iron, and nutrients -- 18. Stability and transformation of bioactive polyphenolic components of herbs in physiological pH -- 19. Bioavailability and synergistic effects of tea catechins as antioxidants in the human diet -- 20. Targeting inflammation using Asian herbs -- 21. Induction of apoptosis by Ligusticum chuanxiong in HSC-T6 stellate cells -- 22. Effect of combined use of isothiocyanate and black tea extract on dental caries -- 23. Cytotoxic properties of leaf essential oil and components from indigenous cinnamon (cinnamomum osmophloeum Kaneh) -- 24. Effect of black tea theaflavins on 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced inflammation : expression of proinflammatory cytokines and arachidonic acid metabolism in mouse ear and colon carcinogenesis in min (apc+/-) mice -- 25. Shea butter : chemistry, quality, and new market potentials.

Proteases in Human Diseases

Proteases in Human Diseases
A Book

by Sajal Chakraborti,Tapati Chakraborti,Naranjan S. Dhalla

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-07-13
  • Pages : 513
  • ISBN : 9811031622
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book bridges the gap between fundamental research and biomedical and pharmacological applications on proteases. It represents a comprehensive overview of the multifaceted field of proteases in cellular environment and highlights the recently elucidated functions of complex proteolytic systems in different diseases. Several established investigators have elucidated the crucial role of proteases in biological processes, including how proteolytic function and regulation can be combined to develop new strategies of therapeutic interventions. Proteases form one of the largest and most diverse families of enzymes known. It is now clear that proteases are involved in every aspect of life functions of an organism. Under physiological conditions, proteases are regulated by their endogenous inhibitors; however, when the activity of proteases is not regulated appropriately, disease processes can result in. So, there is absolute need for a stringent control of proteolytic activities in cells and tissues. Dysregulation of proteases may cause derangement of cellular signalling network resulting in different pathophysiological conditions such as vascular remodelling, atherosclerotic plaque progression, ulcer and rheumatoid arthritis, Alzheimer disease, cancer metastasis, tumor progression and inflammation. Additionally, many infective microorganisms require proteases for replication or use proteases as virulence factors, which have facilitated the development of protease-targeted therapies for a variety of parasitic diseases.

Resveratrol in Health and Disease

Resveratrol in Health and Disease
A Book

by Bharat B. Aggarwal,Shishir Shishodia

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2005-11-01
  • Pages : 712
  • ISBN : 142002647X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Practicing evidenced-based medicine some 25 centuries ago, Hippocrates proclaimed "Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food." This advice parallels the common American saying, "You are what you eat," and is supported by a National Institute of Health recommendation to consume as many as eight servings of fruits and vegetables daily to prev