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Post-combustion CO2 Capture Technology

Post-combustion CO2 Capture Technology
By Using the Amine Based Solvents

by Helei Liu,Raphael Idem,Paitoon Tontiwachwuthikul

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-09-25
  • Pages : 51
  • ISBN : 303000922X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a comprehensive review of the latest information on all aspects of the post-combustion carbon capture process. It provides designers and operators of amine solvent-based CO2 capture plants with an in-depth understanding of the most up-to-date fundamental chemistry and physics of the CO2 absorption technologies using amine-based reactive solvents. Topics covered include the physical properties, chemical analysis, reaction kinetics, CO2 solubility, and innovative configurations of absorption and stripping columns as well as information on technology applications. This book also examines the post-build operational issues of corrosion prevention and control, solvent management, solvent stability, solvent recycling and reclaiming, intelligent monitoring and plant control including process automation. In addition, the authors discuss the recent insights into the theoretical basis of plant operation in terms of thermodynamics, transport phenomena, chemical reaction kinetics/engineering, interfacial phenomena, and materials. The insights provided help engineers, scientists, and decision makers working in academia, industry and government gain a better understanding of post-combustion carbon capture technologies.

A Review of Post-combustion CO2 Capture Technologies from Coal-fired Power Plants

A Review of Post-combustion CO2 Capture Technologies from Coal-fired Power Plants
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: Reducing CO2 emissions has become a worldwide research topic. Of all the sources of CO2 emissions, power plants burning fossil fuels, especially coals, account for a very large portion. For CO2 capture from existing coal-fired power plants, post-combustion technology is thus far considered the most viable method due to its "end-of-pipe" characteristic. Chemical absorption or scrubbing process is currently the technology most likely to be implemented in the near future but rather energy-intensive. Membrane-based CO2 separation process in recent years appears to be a competitive substitution for conventional chemical absorption technology. This paper reviews the basic process designs of chemical absorption and membrane-based separation processes for CO2 capture, as well as corresponding optimization methods including optimizing operational parameters, process modifications, membrane module types and so forth. In addition, some energetic and economic estimates from other researchers for these two CO2 capture technologies are summarized. It is found that membrane-based separation process does not possess obvious advantage over MEA-based chemical absorption process at the typical 90% CO2 capture degree in terms of both energy consumption and cost. Therefore, various optimization methods have not changed the fact that CCS technology will lay more burdens on power plants unless they can get enough allowances from government. In recent years, hybrid system with the target of utilizing more than one single capture technology seems to be new direction from the perspective of capture process design. However, it still needs to be further investigated.

CO2 Capture

CO2 Capture
Technologies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

by Fabrice Lecomte,Paul Broutin,Etienne Lebas

  • Publisher : Editions TECHNIP
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9782710809487
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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CO2 capture and geological storage (CCS) is now recognised as being one of the pathways that can be implemented to reduce CO2 emissions and fight against global warming. But where, how and at what price can CO2 be captured? This book attempts to provide the answers to these questions, reviewing the state of the art of the technologies required. It presents the three main pathways considered in which the CO2 capture technologies are expected to be implemented, respectively: the post-combustion pathway, in which the CO2 contained in industrial flue gases is extracted; the oxy-combustion pathway, in which combustion is performed in oxygen to obtain flue gases with high CO2 concentration; and lastly the pre-combustion pathway, in which carbon is extracted from the initial fuel to generate hydrogen, whose combustion will produce only water vapour. The book introduces, for each pathway, the technologies currently available and those under development. It is intended for everyone wanting to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms implemented in CO2 capture operations, as well as the technological and economic challenges to be met to ensure that the costs generated by these operations are no longer an obstacle to their worldwide generalisation.Contents: 1. Why capture and store CO2? Global warming. How to reduce CO2 emissions. Main links of the CCS chain. 2. Where capture CO2? CO2 fixed emission sources worldwide. Fixed sources in France. CO2 capture potential in France. 3. Post-Combustion CO2 capture. Principles and stakes. Characteristics of post-combustion flue gases. Separation techniques potentially suitable for post-combustion CO2 capture. Technologies under development for post-combustion CO2 Capture. CO2 conditioning. Conclusion. 4. Oxy-combustion CO2 capture. Principles and stakes. Oxy-combustion. Chemical looping combustion. CO2 conditioning. Demonstrations. 5. Pre-combustion CO2 capture. Principles and stakes. Syngas production. Water-gas shift reaction. CO2 extraction. CO2 conditioning. Hydrogen combustion. Integrated power production processes with pre-combustion CO2 capture. 6. Capture and store CO2: at what cost? Calculation bases. CO2 capture costs. CO2 transport costs. CO2 storage costs. Trend in the cost of the CCS chain - Power production. Variability of CCS chain costs. Application to existing installations. Conclusion. Appendix.

Absorption-Based Post-Combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide

Absorption-Based Post-Combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide
A Book

by Paul Feron

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-05-27
  • Pages : 814
  • ISBN : 0081005156
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Absorption-Based Post-Combustion Capture of Carbon Dioxide provides a comprehensive and authoritative review of the use of absorbents for post-combustion capture of carbon dioxide. As fossil fuel-based power generation technologies are likely to remain key in the future, at least in the short- and medium-term, carbon capture and storage will be a critical greenhouse gas reduction technique. Post-combustion capture involves the removal of carbon dioxide from flue gases after fuel combustion, meaning that carbon dioxide can then be compressed and cooled to form a safely transportable liquid that can be stored underground. Provides researchers in academia and industry with an authoritative overview of the amine-based methods for carbon dioxide capture from flue gases and related processes Editors and contributors are well known experts in the field Presents the first book on this specific topic

Recent Advances in Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Chemistry

Recent Advances in Post-Combustion CO2 Capture Chemistry
A Book

by Moetaz Attalla

  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • Release : 2013-03-14
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 9780841226210
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Captures snapshots of the most recent advances in carbon dioxide capture using solvent-based post combustion carbon dioxide capture technology.

Carbon Sequestration Technologies

Carbon Sequestration Technologies
Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Innovation of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, One Hundred Tenth Congress, First Session, November 7, 2007

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Innovation

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 91
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2014: Department of Energy fiscal year 2014 justifications

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2014: Department of Energy fiscal year 2014 justifications
A Book

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2012: Dept. of Energy FY 2012 justifications

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2012: Dept. of Energy FY 2012 justifications
A Book

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Future of Coal Under Carbon Cap and Trade

The Future of Coal Under Carbon Cap and Trade
Hearing Before the Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, First Session, September 6, 2007

by United States. Congress. House. Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2016

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 2016
Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, First Session

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Materials and Processes for CO2 Capture, Conversion, and Sequestration

Materials and Processes for CO2 Capture, Conversion, and Sequestration
A Book

by Lan Li,Winnie Wong-Ng,Kevin Huang,Lawrence P. Cook

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-08-14
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1119231035
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Addresses materials, technology, and products that could help solve the global environmental crisis once commercialized This multidisciplinary book encompasses state-of-the-art research on the topics of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS), and complements existing CCS technique publications with the newest research and reviews. It discusses key challenges involved in the CCS materials design, processing, and modeling and provides in-depth coverage of solvent-based carbon capture, sorbent-based carbon capture, membrane-based carbon capture, novel carbon capture methods, computational modeling, carbon capture materials including metal organic frameworks (MOF), electrochemical capture and conversion, membranes and solvents, and geological sequestration. Materials and Processes for CO2 Capture, Conversion and Sequestration offers chapters on: Carbon Capture in Metal-Organic Frameworks; Metal Organic Frameworks Materials for Post-Combustion CO2 Capture; New Progress of Microporous Metal-Organic Frameworks in CO2 Capture and Separation; In Situ Diffraction Studies of Selected Metal-Organic Framework (MOF) Materials for Guest Capture Applications; Electrochemical CO2 Capture and Conversion; Electrochemical Valorization of Carbon Dioxide in Molten Salts; Microstructural and Structural Characterization of Materials for CO2 Storage using Multi-Scale X-Ray Scattering Methods; Contribution of Density Functional Theory to Microporous Materials for Carbon Capture; and Computational Modeling Study of MnO2 Octahedral Molecular Sieves for Carbon Dioxide Capture Applications. Addresses one of the most pressing concerns of society—that of environmental damage caused by the greenhouse gases emitted as we use fossil fuels Covers cutting-edge capture technology with a focus on materials and technology rather than regulation and cost Highlights the common and novel CCS materials that are of greatest interest to industrial researchers Provides insight into CCS materials design, processing characterization, and computer modeling Materials and Processes for CO2 Capture, Conversion and Sequestration is ideal for materials scientists and engineers, energy scientists and engineers, inorganic chemists, environmental scientists, pollution control scientists, and carbon chemists.

Recent Progress and New Developments in Post-combustion Carbon-capture Technology with Reactive Solvents

Recent Progress and New Developments in Post-combustion Carbon-capture Technology with Reactive Solvents
A Book

by Future Science Ltd

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN : 9781909453333
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chemical Looping for Pre-combustion and Post-combustion CO2 Capture

Chemical Looping for Pre-combustion and Post-combustion CO2 Capture
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: In the paper, performance models are developed for two CO2 capture technologies – (a) a chemical looping combustion (CLC) process for pre-combustion CO2 capture from the syngas of a coal-based integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant; and (b) a CaL cycle for post-combustion CO2 capture from a pulverized coal (PC) power plant –and used to conduct detailed thermodynamic analyses of IGCC and PC power plants with the respective chemical looping-based CO2 capture processes. Results from the performance models are used to estimate the capital cost ($/kW) and operating cost ($/MWh) of each capture process as well as the complete power plant. Results of the case studies using the techno-economic model indicate that, in terms of performance, both of the chemical looping technologies modelled here are thermodynamically much better than conventional CO2 capture technologies, resulting in lower overall plant energy penalties. However, both the technologies are found to be more capital-intensive. As a result, the overall cost (capital and LCOE) of plants with chemical looping CO2 capture technologies is greater than or similar to the conventional technologies.

Advanced CO2 Capture Technologies

Advanced CO2 Capture Technologies
Absorption, Adsorption, and Membrane Separation Methods

by Shin-ichi Nakao,Katsunori Yogo,Kazuya Goto,Teruhiko Kai,Hidetaka Yamada

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-07
  • Pages : 83
  • ISBN : 3030188582
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book summarises the advanced CO2 capture technologies that can be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, especially those from large-scale sources, such as power-generation and steel-making plants. Focusing on the fundamental chemistry and chemical processes, as well as advanced technologies, including absorption and adsorption, it also discusses other aspects of the major CO2 capture methods: membrane separation; the basic chemistry and process for CO2 capture; the development of materials and processes; and practical applications, based on the authors’ R&D experience. This book serves as a valuable reference resource for researchers, teachers and students interested in CO2 problems, providing essential information on how to capture CO2 from various types of gases efficiently. It is also of interest to practitioners and academics, as it discusses the performance of the latest technologies applied in large-scale emission sources.

Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies: Peer reviewed papers and overviews

Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies: Peer reviewed papers and overviews
A Book

by E. S. Rubin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 2591
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carbon Dioxide Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic Formations - Results from the CO2 Capture Project

Carbon Dioxide Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic Formations - Results from the CO2 Capture Project
Vol 1 - Capture and Separation of Carbon Dioxide from Combustion, Vol 2 - Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide with Monitoring and Verification

by David C Thomas,Sally M Benson

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2005-01-06
  • Pages : 1360
  • ISBN : 9780080457482
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past decade, the prospect of climate change resulting from anthropogenic CO2 has become a matter of growing public concern. Not only is the reduction of CO2 emissions extremely important, but keeping the cost at a manageable level is a prime priority for companies and the public, alike. The CO2 capture project (CCP) came together with a common goal in mind: find a technological process to capture CO2 emissions that is relatively low-cost and able be to be expanded to industrial applications. The Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project outlines the research and findings of all the participating companies and associations involved in the CCP. The final results of thousands of hours of research are outlined in the book, showing a successful achievement of the CCP’s goals for lower cost CO2 capture technology and furthering the safe, reliable option of geological storage. The Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project is a valuable reference for any scientists, industrialists, government agencies, and companies interested in a safer, more cost-efficient response to the CO2 crisis. *Succeeds in tackling the most important issues at the heart of the CO2 crisis: lower-cost and safer solutions, and making the technology available at an industrial level. *Contains technical papers and findings of all researchers involved in the CO2 capture and storage project (CCP) *Consolidates thousands of hours of research into a concise and valuable reference work, providing up-to-the minute information on CO2 capture and underground storage alternatives.

Post-combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials

Post-combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials
A Book

by Qiang Wang

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2018-10-22
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 1788015452
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Inorganic solid adsorbents/sorbents are attractive materials for capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from flue gases after fossil fuel combustion. Post-combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials introduces the key inorganic materials used as adsorbents/sorbents with specific emphasis on their design, synthesis, characterization, performance, and mechanism. Dedicated chapters cover carbon-based adsorbents, zeolite- and silica-based adsorbents, metal–organic framework (MOF)-based adsorbents, and alkali-metal-carbonate-based adsorbents. The final chapter discusses the practical application aspects of these adsorbents used in carbon dioxide capture from flue gases. Edited and written by world-renowned scientists in each class of the specific material, this book will provide a comprehensive introduction for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers from both academic and industrial fields wishing to learn about the topic.

Assessment of Chemical Absorption/adsorption for Post-combustion CO2 Capture from Natural Gas Combined Cycle (NGCC) Power Plants

Assessment of Chemical Absorption/adsorption for Post-combustion CO2 Capture from Natural Gas Combined Cycle (NGCC) Power Plants
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Abstract: The fossil fuel power generation sector is facing critical decisions to significantly reduce CO2 emissions by implementing carbon capture technologies at industrial scale for transition to low carbon economy. This paper assesses the usage of reactive absorption/adsorption systems for post-combustion CO2 capture from Natural Gas Combined Cycle (NGCC) power plants. As reactive gas–liquid absorption system assessed for post-combustion CO2 capture, the alkanolamine-based gas–liquid absorption was evaluated (MDEA was considered as illustrative example). As reactive gas–solid adsorption system, the innovative Calcium Looping (CaL) method was considered. The work evaluates how chemical absorption/adsorption influence the techno-economic performances of NGCC power plants. As benchmark option used to quantify the carbon capture energy and cost penalties, NGCC plant without CO2 capture was considered. The post-combustion carbon capture options have at least 90% carbon capture rate. As the results show, CaL concept exhibits improved environmental performances (e.g. >98 vs. 90% carbon capture rate) and economic indicators (e.g. 969 vs. 1238€/kW net power as specific capital investment, 42.82 vs. 46.24€/MWh as O&M costs, 56.91 vs. 66.12€/MWh as electricity cost etc.) compared to MDEA case. Highlights: Techno-economic assessments of NGCC power generation with carbon capture. Chemical absorption and adsorption systems used for post-combustion CO2 capture. Calcium looping delivers higher carbon capture rate and reduced costs penalties. In-depth economic assessment methodology for NGCC power plants with CCS.

Carbon Capture and Storage Including Coal-fired Power Plants

Carbon Capture and Storage Including Coal-fired Power Plants
A Book

by Todd P. Carington

  • Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Carbon Capture and Storage including Coal-Fired Power Plants

Clean coal, oil and gas development

Clean coal, oil and gas development
new energy opportunities through carbon capture and storage : hearing before a subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Tenth Congress, first session, special hearing, August 13, 2007, Bismarck, ND.

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development

  • Publisher : Government Printing Office
  • Release : 2008-01-01
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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