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Practical Chemical Thermodynamics for Geoscientists

Practical Chemical Thermodynamics for Geoscientists
A Book

by Bruce Fegley,Rose Osborne

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 674
  • ISBN : 012251100X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Practical Chemical Thermodynamics for Geoscientists covers classical chemical thermodynamics and focuses on applications to practical problems in the geosciences, environmental sciences, and planetary sciences. This book will provide a strong theoretical foundation for students, while also proving beneficial for earth and planetary scientists seeking a review of thermodynamic principles and their application to a specific problem. Strong theoretical foundation and emphasis on applications Numerous worked examples in each chapter Brief historical summaries and biographies of key thermodynamicists-including their fundamental research and discoveries Extensive references to relevant literature

Practical Chemical Thermodynamics for Geoscientists

Practical Chemical Thermodynamics for Geoscientists
A Book

by Bruce Fegley

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Atmospheric Evolution on Inhabited and Lifeless Worlds

Atmospheric Evolution on Inhabited and Lifeless Worlds
A Book

by David C. Catling,James F. Kasting

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-03-31
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 0521844126
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive and authoritative text on the formation and evolution of planetary atmospheres, for graduate-level students and researchers.

Periodico di Mineralogia Vol. 86, 2 settembre 2017

Periodico di Mineralogia Vol. 86, 2 settembre 2017

by Paolo Ballirano

  • Publisher : Edizioni Nuova Cultura
  • Release : 2017-09-30
  • Pages : 116
  • ISBN : 8868128985
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Contents Simone Pollastri, Lara Gigli, Paolo Ferretti, Giovanni B. Andreozzi, Nicola Bursi Gandolfi, Kilian Pollok , Alessandro F. Gualtieri -The crystal structure of mineral fibes. 3. Actinolite asbestos Dmitry A. Chebotarev, Anna G. Doroshkevich, Reiner Klemd, Nikolay S. Karmanov - Evolution of Nb-mineralization in the Chuktukon carbonatite massif, Chadobets upland (Krasnoyarsk Territory, Russia) Nicola Mondillo, Giuseppina Balassone, Maria Boni, Antonio Marino, Giuseppe Arfè - Evaluation of the amount of rare earth elements -REE in the Silius fluorie vein system (SE Sardinia, Italy). Fuat Yavuz and Zeynep Döner - WinAmptb: A Windows program for calcic amphibole thermobarometry Marcella Di Bella, Francesco Italiano, Davide Romano, Alessandro Tripodo, Giuseppe Sabatino - Geochemistry and tectonic setting of triassic magmatism from the Lercara Basin (Sicily, Italy) Silvio Mollo, Francesco Vetere, Harald Beherens, Vanni Tecchiato, Antonio Langone, Piergiorgio Scarlato, Diego Perugini - The effect of degassing and volatile exsolution on the composition of a trachybasaltic melt decompressed at slow and fast rates

Measurements, Mechanisms, and Models of Heat Transport

Measurements, Mechanisms, and Models of Heat Transport
A Book

by Anne M. Hofmeister

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-16
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 0128099828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Measurements, Mechanisms, and Models of Heat Transport offers an interdisciplinary approach to the dynamic response of matter to energy input. Using a combination of fundamental principles of physics, recent developments in measuring time-dependent heat conduction, and analytical mathematics, this timely reference summarizes the relative advantages of currently used methods, and remediates flaws in modern models and their historical precursors. Geophysicists, physical chemists, and engineers will find the book to be a valuable resource for its discussions of radiative transfer models and the kinetic theory of gas, amended to account for atomic collisions being inelastic. This book is a prelude to a companion volume on the thermal state, formation, and evolution of planets. Covering both microscopic and mesoscopic phenomena of heat transport, Measurements, Mechanisms, and Models of Heat Transport offers both the fundamental knowledge and up-to-date measurements and models to encourage further improvem Combines state-of-the-art measurements with core principles to lead to a better understanding of heat conduction and of radiative diffusion, and how these processes are linked Focuses on macroscopic models of heat transport and the underlying physical principles, providing the tools needed to solve many different problems in heat transport Connects thermodynamics with behavior of light in revising the kinetic theory of gas, which underlies all models of heat transport, and uses such links to re-derive formulae for blackbody emissions Explores all states of matter, with an emphasis on crystalline and amorphous solids

Molecular Astrophysics

Molecular Astrophysics
A Book

by A. G. G. M. Tielens

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2021-01-31
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1316761770
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Focusing on the organic inventory of regions of star and planet formation in the interstellar medium of galaxies, this comprehensive overview of the molecular universe is an invaluable reference source for advanced undergraduates through to entry-level researchers. It includes an extensive discussion of microscopic physical and chemical processes in the universe; these play a role in the excitation, spectral characteristics, formation, and evolution of molecules in the gas phase and on grain surfaces. In addition, the latest developments in this area of molecular astrophysics provide a firm foundation for an in-depth understanding of the molecular phases of the interstellar medium. The physical and chemical properties of gaseous molecules, mixed molecular ices, and large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon molecules and fullerenes and their role in the interstellar medium are highlighted. For those with an interest in the molecular universe, this advanced textbook bridges the gap between molecular physics, astronomy, and physical chemistry.

Nano and Bio-Based Technologies for Wastewater Treatment

Nano and Bio-Based Technologies for Wastewater Treatment
Prediction and Control Tools for the Dispersion of Pollutants in the Environment

by Elvis Fosso-Kankeu

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-05-16
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 1119576946
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past few decades the boom in the industrial sector has contributed to the release in the environment of pollutants that have no regulatory status and which may have significant impact on the health of animals and humans. These pollutants also refer as “emerging pollutants” are mostly aromatic compounds which derive from excretion of pharmaceutical, industrial effluents and municipal discharge. Some form of pollutions have also evolved, including the proliferation of acid mine drainage from oxidation or weathering of obsolete and unmanaged excavations around the world; this results mostly in the dispersion of inorganic pollutants in the environment at level surpassing the treatment capacity of conventional techniques. It is recurrent these days to find water treatment plants which no longer produce water that fits the purpose of domestic consumption based on newly established guidelines. This situation has prompted water authorities and researchers to develop tools for proper prediction and control of the dispersion of pollutants in the environment to ensure that appropriate measures are taken to prevent the occurrence of outbreaks due to sudden load of these pollutants in the water system. The chapters in this book cover a wide range of nano and bio-based techniques that have been designed for the real time detection of emerging contaminants in environmental water sources, geochemical models that are continuously improved for the prediction of inorganic contaminants migration from the mine solid wastes into ground and surface waters. Remediation strategies are also discussed and include effective techniques based on nanotechnology, advanced membrane filtration, oxidative and bio- degradation processes using various types of nanocatalysts, biocatalysts or supporting polymer matrices which are under advanced investigations for their implementation at large scale for the removal of recalcitrant pollutants from polluted water. This book is divided is two sections, the first section covers the occurrence of emerging pollutants in environmental water while the second section covers state of the art research on the removal of emerging pollutants from water using sustainable technologies. A total of 13 chapters addressing various topics related to the two sections are essentially based on recent development in the respective field which could have a significant impact on the enhancement of the performance of wastewater treatment plants around the world and especially in developing countries where access to clean and safe water remains a daily challenge

High Temperature Gas-Solid Reactions in Earth and Planetary Processes

High Temperature Gas-Solid Reactions in Earth and Planetary Processes
A Book

by Penelope King,Bruce Fegley,Terry Seward

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2018-12-03
  • Pages : 534
  • ISBN : 1501511793
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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High temperature gas-solid reactions are ubiquitous on planetary bodies, distributing chemical elements over a range of geologic settings and temperatures. This volume reviews the critical role gas-solid reactions play in early solar system formation, volcanism, metamorphism and industrial processes. The field evidence, experimental and theoretical approaches for examining gas-solid reaction are presented, building on advances in fields outside of Earth Sciences. Computational chemistry techniques are used to probe the nature of molecular clusters and solvation in volcanic vapors and mineral-gas reaction mechanisms. Specialised analytical methods for characterising solid reaction products are included since these reactions commonly form thin or dispersed films and metastable minerals. Finally, the volume contains rich field examples, laboratory experiments and thermodynamic modelling and kinetics of gas-solid reactions on Earth, Venus and beyond.

Astrobiology At The Interface: Interactions Between Biospheres, Geospheres, Hydrospheres And Atmospheres Under Planetary Conditions

Astrobiology At The Interface: Interactions Between Biospheres, Geospheres, Hydrospheres And Atmospheres Under Planetary Conditions
A Book

by Tetyana Milojevic,Adrienne Kish,Akihiko Yamagishi

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-03-23
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889666182
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Topic Editors would like to acknowledge Dr. Yuko Kawaguchi for her contribution in designing and organizing this editorial project.

Heat Transport and Energetics of the Earth and Rocky Planets

Heat Transport and Energetics of the Earth and Rocky Planets
A Book

by Anne Hofmeister

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11-22
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 0128189444
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heat Transport and Energetics of the Earth and Rocky Planets provides a better understanding of the interior of the Earth by addressing the processes related to the motion of heat in large bodies. By addressing issues such as the effect of self-gravitation on the thermal state of the Earth, the effect of length-scales on heat transport, important observations of Earth, and a comparison to the behavior of other rocky bodies, readers will find clearly delineated discussions on the thermal state and evolution of the Earth. Using a combination of fundamentals, new developments and scientific and mathematical principles, the book summarizes the state-of-the-art. This timely reference is an important resource for geophysicists, planetary scientists, geologists, geochemists, and seismologists to gain a better understanding of the interior, formation and evolution of planetary bodies. Provides an interdisciplinary approach to the understanding of the thermal evolution of large planetary bodies, including contributed chapters from leading experts Includes relevant observations of Earth and large-scale heat transfer, a critical review of existing paradigms of the current thermal state of the Earth, and a discussion of heat flow on the other rocky planets Covers macroscopic phenomena as they pertain to deciphering the thermal structure of planetary bodies

Chemical Thermodynamics, Companion

Chemical Thermodynamics, Companion
Basic Theory and Methods

by Irwing M. Klotz,Robert M. Rosenberg

  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release : 2000-04-12
  • Pages : 764
  • ISBN : 9780471394631
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A new, millennium edition of the classic treatment of chemical thermodynamics Widely recognized for half a century for its first-rate, logical introduction to phenomenological thermodynamics, this classic work is now thoroughly revised for the new millennium. The Sixth Edition continues to cover the fundamentals and methods of thermodynamics with exceptional vigor and clarity, while incorporating many new developments. Up-to-date examples are carefully gleaned from the literature for their practical interest to chemists, biochemists, geologists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists. Chemical Thermodynamics: Basic Theory and Methods, Sixth Edition provides readers with clear explanations of essential chemistry, mathematics, and the latest computational tools. Additional new features include: * Liberal reference to Web-based resources and databases * Extensive tables of thermodynamic data organized by source * High-quality exercises with a separate student manual available for solutions to alternate problems * Simple methods for the calculation of partial molar functions from experimental data * Expanded and revised chapters containing discussion of excess thermodynamic functions, a treatment of the Second Law and Equilibrium on the basis of the Planck function as well as the Gibbs function, and treatment of real gases in terms of the Redlich-Kwong equation

Chemical Thermodynamics

Chemical Thermodynamics
Basic Theory and Methods

by Irwing M. Klotz,Robert M. Rosenberg

  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release : 2000-03-20
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A new, millennium edition of the classic treatment of chemical thermodynamics Widely recognized for half a century for its first-rate, logical introduction to phenomenological thermodynamics, this classic work is now thoroughly revised for the new millennium. The Sixth Edition continues to cover the fundamentals and methods of thermodynamics with exceptional vigor and clarity, while incorporating many new developments. Up-to-date examples are carefully gleaned from the literature for their practical interest to chemists, biochemists, geologists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists. Chemical Thermodynamics: Basic Theory and Methods, Sixth Edition provides readers with clear explanations of essential chemistry, mathematics, and the latest computational tools. Additional new features include: * Liberal reference to Web-based resources and databases * Extensive tables of thermodynamic data organized by source * High-quality exercises with a separate student manual available for solutions to alternate problems * Simple methods for the calculation of partial molar functions from experimental data * Expanded and revised chapters containing discussion of excess thermodynamic functions, a treatment of the Second Law and Equilibrium on the basis of the Planck function as well as the Gibbs function, and treatment of real gases in terms of the Redlich-Kwong equation

High-Temperature Aqueous Solutions

High-Temperature Aqueous Solutions
Thermodynamic Properties

by Roberto Fernandez-Prini

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1991-12-19
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9780849357602
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a thorough discussion of the thermodynamics of aqueous solutions and presents tools for analyzing and solving scientific and practical problems arising in this area. It also presents methods that can be used to deal with ionic and nonionic aqueous solutions under sub- or supercritical conditions. Illustrations and tables give examples of procedures employed to predict thermodynamic quantities of the solutions, and an appendix summarizing statistical mechanical equations used to describe the systems is also provided. High-Temperature Aqueous Solutions: Thermodynamic Properties contains essential information for physical chemists, geochemists, geophysicists, chemical technicians, and scientists involved in electric power generation.

Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience

Chemical Fundamentals of Geology and Environmental Geoscience
A Book

by Robin Gill

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-12-01
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1118957946
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chemical principles are fundamental to the Earth sciences, andgeoscience students increasingly require a firm grasp of basicchemistry to succeed in their studies. The enlarged third editionof this highly regarded textbook introduces the student to such‘geo-relevant’ chemistry, presented in the same lucidand accessible style as earlier editions, but the new edition hasbeen strengthened in its coverage of environmental geoscience andincorporates a new chapter introducing isotope geochemistry. The book comprises three broad sections. The first (Chapters1–4) deals with the basic physical chemistry of geologicalprocesses. The second (Chapters 5–8) introduces thewave-mechanical view of the atom and explains the various types ofchemical bonding that give Earth materials their diverse anddistinctive properties. The final chapters (9–11) survey thegeologically relevant elements and isotopes, and explain theirformation and their abundances in the cosmos and the Earth. Thebook concludes with an extensive glossary of terms; appendicescover basic maths, explain basic solution chemistry, and list thechemical elements and the symbols, units and constants used in thebook.

Thermodynamics for Geologists

Thermodynamics for Geologists
A Book

by Raymond Kern, Alain Weisbrod

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1967
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Technical Book Review

Technical Book Review
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1963
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ion Partitioning in Ambient-Temperature Aqueous Systems

Ion Partitioning in Ambient-Temperature Aqueous Systems
A Book

by H. Stoll

  • Publisher : The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland
  • Release : 2010-11-15
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0903056267
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding in detail the ion partitioning in mineralwater interactions is of fundamental importance to geochemical studies and ultimately to society. The solid-solution properties of minerals are a significant part of the complexity, and also the importance, of these ion-partitioning reactions.

Petroleum Geoscience

Petroleum Geoscience
From Sedimentary Environments to Rock Physics

by Knut Bjorlykke

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-09-16
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 3642023320
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Petroleum geoscience comprises those geoscientific disciplines which are of greatest significance for the exploration and recovery of oil and gas. These include petroleum geology, of which sedimentary geology is the main foundation along with the contextual and modifying principles of regional, tectonic and structural geology. Additionally, biostratigraphy and micropalaeontology, organic geochemistry, and geophysical exploration and production techniques are all important tools for petroleum geoscientists in the 21st century. This comprehensive textbook present an overview of petroleum geoscience for geologists destined for the petroleum industry. It should also be useful for students interested in environmental geology, engineering geology and other aspects of sedimentary geology

A Conceptual Guide to Thermodynamics

A Conceptual Guide to Thermodynamics
A Book

by Bill Poirier

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-09-22
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 1118840534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermodynamics is the science that describes the behavior of matter at the macroscopic scale, and how this arises from individual molecules. As such, it is a subject of profound practical and fundamental importance to many science and engineering fields. Despite extremely varied applications ranging from nanomotors to cosmology, the core concepts of thermodynamics such as equilibrium and entropy are the same across all disciplines. A Conceptual Guide to Thermodynamics serves as a concise, conceptual and practical supplement to the major thermodynamics textbooks used in various fields. Presenting clear explanations of the core concepts, the book aims to improve fundamental understanding of the material, as well as homework and exam performance. Distinctive features include: Terminology and Notation Key: A universal translator that addresses the myriad of conventions, terminologies, and notations found across the major thermodynamics texts. Content Maps: Specific references to each major thermodynamic text by section and page number for each new concept that is introduced. Helpful Hints and Don’t Try Its: Numerous useful tips for solving problems, as well as warnings of common student pitfalls. Unique Explanations: Conceptually clear, mathematically fairly simple, yet also sufficiently precise and rigorous. A more extensive set of reference materials, including older and newer editions of the major textbooks, as well as a number of less commonly used titles, is available online at http://www.conceptualthermo.com. Undergraduate and graduate students of chemistry, physics, engineering, geosciences and biological sciences will benefit from this book, as will students preparing for graduate school entrance exams and MCATs.

Forthcoming Books

Forthcoming Books
A Book

by Rose Arny

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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