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Practical Design and Application of Model Predictive Control

Practical Design and Application of Model Predictive Control
MPC for MATLAB® and Simulink® Users

by Nassim Khaled,Bibin Pattel

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2018-05-04
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 0128139196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Practical Design and Application of Model Predictive Control is a self-learning resource on how to design, tune and deploy an MPC using MATLAB® and Simulink®. This reference is one of the most detailed publications on how to design and tune MPC controllers. Examples presented range from double-Mass spring system, ship heading and speed control, robustness analysis through Monte-Carlo simulations, photovoltaic optimal control, and energy management of power-split and air-handling control. Readers will also learn how to embed the designed MPC controller in a real-time platform such as Arduino®. The selected problems are nonlinear and challenging, and thus serve as an excellent experimental, dynamic system to show the reader the capability of MPC. The step-by-step solutions of the problems are thoroughly documented to allow the reader to easily replicate the results. Furthermore, the MATLAB® and Simulink® codes for the solutions are available for free download. Readers can connect with the authors through the dedicated website which includes additional free resources at www.practicalmpc.com. Illustrates how to design, tune and deploy MPC for projects in a quick manner Demonstrates a variety of applications that are solved using MATLAB® and Simulink® Bridges the gap in providing a number of realistic problems with very hands-on training Provides MATLAB® and Simulink® code solutions. This includes nonlinear plant models that the reader can use for other projects and research work Presents application problems with solutions to help reinforce the information learned

Predictive Control

Predictive Control
Fundamentals and Developments

by Yugeng Xi,Dewei Li

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-09-16
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 1119119545
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a comprehensive introduction to model predictive control (MPC), including its basic principles and algorithms, system analysis and design methods, strategy developments and practical applications. The main contents of the book include an overview of the development trajectory and basic principles of MPC, typical MPC algorithms, quantitative analysis of classical MPC systems, design and tuning methods for MPC parameters, constrained multivariable MPC algorithms and online optimization decomposition methods. Readers will then progress to more advanced topics such as nonlinear MPC and its related algorithms, the diversification development of MPC with respect to control structures and optimization strategies, and robust MPC. Finally, applications of MPC and its generalization to optimization-based dynamic problems other than control will be discussed. Systematically introduces fundamental concepts, basic algorithms, and applications of MPC Includes a comprehensive overview of MPC development, emphasizing recent advances and modern approaches Features numerous MPC models and structures, based on rigorous research Based on the best-selling Chinese edition, which is a key text in China Predictive Control: Fundamentals and Developments is written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers specializing in control technologies. It is also a useful reference for industry professionals, engineers, and technicians specializing in advanced optimization control technology.

Model-Based Predictive Control

Model-Based Predictive Control
A Practical Approach

by J.A. Rossiter

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-07-12
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 135198859X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Model Predictive Control (MPC) has become a widely used methodology across all engineering disciplines, yet there are few books which study this approach. Until now, no book has addressed in detail all key issues in the field including apriori stability and robust stability results. Engineers and MPC researchers now have a volume that provides a complete overview of the theory and practice of MPC as it relates to process and control engineering. Model-Based Predictive Control, A Practical Approach, analyzes predictive control from its base mathematical foundation, but delivers the subject matter in a readable, intuitive style. The author writes in layman's terms, avoiding jargon and using a style that relies upon personal insight into practical applications. This detailed introduction to predictive control introduces basic MPC concepts and demonstrates how they are applied in the design and control of systems, experiments, and industrial processes. The text outlines how to model, provide robustness, handle constraints, ensure feasibility, and guarantee stability. It also details options in regard to algorithms, models, and complexity vs. performance issues.

Multivariable Predictive Control

Multivariable Predictive Control
Applications in Industry

by Sandip K. Lahiri

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-10-23
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1119243602
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to all practical aspects of building, implementing, managing, and maintaining MPC applications in industrial plants Multivariable Predictive Control: Applications in Industry provides engineers with a thorough understanding of all practical aspects of multivariate predictive control (MPC) applications, as well as expert guidance on how to derive maximum benefit from those systems. Short on theory and long on step-by-step information, it covers everything plant process engineers and control engineers need to know about building, deploying, and managing MPC applications in their companies. MPC has more than proven itself to be one the most important tools for optimising plant operations on an ongoing basis. Companies, worldwide, across a range of industries are successfully using MPC systems to optimise materials and utility consumption, reduce waste, minimise pollution, and maximise production. Unfortunately, due in part to the lack of practical references, plant engineers are often at a loss as to how to manage and maintain MPC systems once the applications have been installed and the consultants and vendors’ reps have left the plant. Written by a chemical engineer with two decades of experience in operations and technical services at petrochemical companies, this book fills that regrettable gap in the professional literature. Provides a cost-benefit analysis of typical MPC projects and reviews commercially available MPC software packages Details software implementation steps, as well as techniques for successfully evaluating and monitoring software performance once it has been installed Features case studies and real-world examples from industries, worldwide, illustrating the advantages and common pitfalls of MPC systems Describes MPC application failures in an array of companies, exposes the root causes of those failures, and offers proven safeguards and corrective measures for avoiding similar failures Multivariable Predictive Control: Applications in Industry is an indispensable resource for plant process engineers and control engineers working in chemical plants, petrochemical companies, and oil refineries in which MPC systems already are operational, or where MPC implementations are being considering.

Model Predictive Control mit MATLAB und Simulink

Model Predictive Control mit MATLAB und Simulink
Model Predictive Control with MATLAB and Simulink

by Rainer Dittmar

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-12-04
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 1838800956
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modellbasierte prädiktive Regelungen dienen der Lösung anspruchsvoller Aufgaben der Mehrgrößenregelung mit Beschränkungen der Stell- und Regelgrößen. Sie werden in der Industrie in vielen Bereichen erfolgreich eingesetzt. Mit der MPC ToolboxTM des Programmsystems MATLAB®/Simulink® steht ein Werkzeug zur Verfügung, das sowohl in der industriellen Praxis als auch an Universitäten und Hochschulen verwendet wird. Das vorliegende Buch gibt eine Übersicht über die Grundideen und Anwendungsvorteile des MPC-Konzepts. Es zeigt, wie mit Hilfe der Toolbox MPC-Regelungen entworfen, eingestellt und simuliert werden können. Ausgewählte Beispiele aus dem Bereich der Verfahrenstechnik demonstrieren mögliche Vorgehensweisen und vertiefen das Verständnis. Das Buch richtet sich an in der Industrie tätige Ingenieure, die MPC-Regelungen planen, entwickeln und betreiben, aber auch an Studierende technischer Fachdisziplinen, die in das Arbeitsgebiet MPC einsteigen wollen. Model Predictive Control (MPC) is used to solve challenging multivariable-constrained control problems. MPC systems are successfully applied in many different branches of industry. The MPC ToolboxTM of MATLAB®/Simulink® provides powerful tools for industrial MPC application, but also for education and research at technical universities. This book gives an overview of the basic ideas and advantages of the MPC concept. It shows how MPC systems can be designed, tuned, and simulated using the MPC Toolbox. Selected process engineering benchmark examples are used to demonstrate typical design approaches and help deepen the understanding of MPC technologies. The book is aimed at engineers in industry interested in the development and application of MPC systems, as well as students of different technical disciplines seeking an introduction into this field.This book gives an overview of the basic ideas and advantages of the MPC concept. It shows how MPC systems can be designed, tuned, and simulated using the MPC Toolbox. Selected process engineering benchmark examples are used to demonstrate typical design approaches and help deepen the understanding of MPC technologies. The book is aimed at engineers in industry interested in the development and application of MPC systems, as well as students of different technical disciplines seeking an introduction into this field.

Model Predictive Control System Design and Implementation Using MATLAB®

Model Predictive Control System Design and Implementation Using MATLAB®
A Book

by Liuping Wang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2010-10-21
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 9781849968362
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Model Predictive Control System Design and Implementation Using MATLAB® proposes methods for design and implementation of MPC systems using basis functions that confer the following advantages: - continuous- and discrete-time MPC problems solved in similar design frameworks; - a parsimonious parametric representation of the control trajectory gives rise to computationally efficient algorithms and better on-line performance; and - a more general discrete-time representation of MPC design that becomes identical to the traditional approach for an appropriate choice of parameters. After the theoretical presentation, coverage is given to three industrial applications. The subject of quadratic programming, often associated with the core optimization algorithms of MPC is also introduced and explained. The technical contents of this book is mainly based on advances in MPC using state-space models and basis functions. This volume includes numerous analytical examples and problems and MATLAB® programs and exercises.

Model Predictive Control

Model Predictive Control
Approaches Based on the Extended State Space Model and Extended Non-minimal State Space Model

by Ridong Zhang,Anke Xue,Furong Gao

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-14
  • Pages : 137
  • ISBN : 9811300836
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This monograph introduces the authors’ work on model predictive control system design using extended state space and extended non-minimal state space approaches. It systematically describes model predictive control design for chemical processes, including the basic control algorithms, the extension to predictive functional control, constrained control, closed-loop system analysis, model predictive control optimization-based PID control, genetic algorithm optimization-based model predictive control, and industrial applications. Providing important insights, useful methods and practical algorithms that can be used in chemical process control and optimization, it offers a valuable resource for researchers, scientists and engineers in the field of process system engineering and control engineering.

Model Predictive Control

Model Predictive Control
Approaches Based on the Extended State Space Model and Extended Non-Minimal State Space Model

by Ridong Zhang,Anke Xue,Furong Gao

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-09-06
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 9789811343261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Approaches Based on The Extended State Space Model and Extended Non-minimal State Space Model

Predictive Control for Linear and Hybrid Systems

Predictive Control for Linear and Hybrid Systems
A Book

by Francesco Borrelli,Alberto Bemporad,Manfred Morari

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-06-22
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108158293
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Model Predictive Control (MPC), the dominant advanced control approach in industry over the past twenty-five years, is presented comprehensively in this unique book. With a simple, unified approach, and with attention to real-time implementation, it covers predictive control theory including the stability, feasibility, and robustness of MPC controllers. The theory of explicit MPC, where the nonlinear optimal feedback controller can be calculated efficiently, is presented in the context of linear systems with linear constraints, switched linear systems, and, more generally, linear hybrid systems. Drawing upon years of practical experience and using numerous examples and illustrative applications, the authors discuss the techniques required to design predictive control laws, including algorithms for polyhedral manipulations, mathematical and multiparametric programming and how to validate the theoretical properties and to implement predictive control policies. The most important algorithms feature in an accompanying free online MATLAB toolbox, which allows easy access to sample solutions. Predictive Control for Linear and Hybrid Systems is an ideal reference for graduate, postgraduate and advanced control practitioners interested in theory and/or implementation aspects of predictive control.

Intelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability

Intelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability
Proceedings of ICIMES 2020

by A. N. R. Reddy

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9813344431
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Economic Model Predictive Control

Economic Model Predictive Control
Theory, Formulations and Chemical Process Applications

by Matthew Ellis,Jinfeng Liu,Panagiotis D. Christofides

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-07-27
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 331941108X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents general methods for the design of economic model predictive control (EMPC) systems for broad classes of nonlinear systems that address key theoretical and practical considerations including recursive feasibility, closed-loop stability, closed-loop performance, and computational efficiency. Specifically, the book proposes: Lyapunov-based EMPC methods for nonlinear systems; two-tier EMPC architectures that are highly computationally efficient; and EMPC schemes handling explicitly uncertainty, time-varying cost functions, time-delays and multiple-time-scale dynamics. The proposed methods employ a variety of tools ranging from nonlinear systems analysis, through Lyapunov-based control techniques to nonlinear dynamic optimization. The applicability and performance of the proposed methods are demonstrated through a number of chemical process examples. The book presents state-of-the-art methods for the design of economic model predictive control systems for chemical processes.In addition to being mathematically rigorous, these methods accommodate key practical issues, for example, direct optimization of process economics, time-varying economic cost functions and computational efficiency. Numerous comments and remarks providing fundamental understanding of the merging of process economics and feedback control into a single framework are included. A control engineer can easily tailor the many detailed examples of industrial relevance given within the text to a specific application. The authors present a rich collection of new research topics and references to significant recent work making Economic Model Predictive Control an important source of information and inspiration for academics and graduate students researching the area and for process engineers interested in applying its ideas.

Model Predictive Control of Wind Energy Conversion Systems

Model Predictive Control of Wind Energy Conversion Systems
A Book

by Venkata Yaramasu,Bin Wu

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-11-23
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1119082994
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Model Predictive Control of Wind Energy Conversion Systems addresses the predicative control strategy that has emerged as a promising digital control tool within the field of power electronics, variable-speed motor drives, and energy conversion systems. The authors provide a comprehensive analysis on the model predictive control of power converters employed in a wide variety of variable-speed wind energy conversion systems (WECS). The contents of this book includes an overview of wind energy system configurations, power converters for variable-speed WECS, digital control techniques, MPC, modeling of power converters and wind generators for MPC design. Other topics include the mapping of continuous-time models to discrete-time models by various exact, approximate, and quasi-exact discretization methods, modeling and control of wind turbine grid-side two-level and multilevel voltage source converters. The authors also focus on the MPC of several power converter configurations for full variable-speed permanent magnet synchronous generator based WECS, squirrel-cage induction generator based WECS, and semi-variable-speed doubly fed induction generator based WECS. Furthermore, this book: Analyzes a wide variety of practical WECS, illustrating important concepts with case studies, simulations, and experimental results Provides a step-by-step design procedure for the development of predictive control schemes for various WECS configurations Describes continuous- and discrete-time modeling of wind generators and power converters, weighting factor selection, discretization methods, and extrapolation techniques Presents useful material for other power electronic applications such as variable-speed motor drives, power quality conditioners, electric vehicles, photovoltaic energy systems, distributed generation, and high-voltage direct current transmission. Explores S-Function Builder programming in MATLAB environment to implement various MPC strategies through the companion website Reflecting the latest technologies in the field, Model Predictive Control of Wind Energy Conversion Systems is a valuable reference for academic researchers, practicing engineers, and other professionals. It can also be used as a textbook for graduate-level and advanced undergraduate courses.

Fighter Aircraft Maneuver Limiting Using MPC: Theory and Application

Fighter Aircraft Maneuver Limiting Using MPC: Theory and Application
A Book

by Daniel Simon

  • Publisher : Linköping University Electronic Press
  • Release : 2017-09-12
  • Pages : 179
  • ISBN : 9176854507
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Flight control design for modern fighter aircraft is a challenging task. Aircraft are dynamical systems, which naturally contain a variety of constraints and nonlinearities such as, e.g., maximum permissible load factor, angle of attack and control surface deflections. Taking these limitations into account in the design of control systems is becoming increasingly important as the performance and complexity of the aircraft is constantly increasing. The aeronautical industry has traditionally applied feedforward, anti-windup or similar techniques and different ad hoc engineering solutions to handle constraints on the aircraft. However these approaches often rely on engineering experience and insight rather than a theoretical foundation, and can often require a tremendous amount of time to tune. In this thesis we investigate model predictive control as an alternative design tool to handle the constraints that arises in the flight control design. We derive a simple reference tracking MPC algorithm for linear systems that build on the dual mode formulation with guaranteed stability and low complexity suitable for implementation in real time safety critical systems. To reduce the computational burden of nonlinear model predictive control we propose a method to handle the nonlinear constraints, using a set of dynamically generated local inner polytopic approximations. The main benefit of the proposed method is that while computationally cheap it still can guarantee recursive feasibility and convergence. An alternative to deriving MPC algorithms with guaranteed stability properties is to analyze the closed loop stability, post design. Here we focus on deriving a tool based on Mixed Integer Linear Programming for analysis of the closed loop stability and robust stability of linear systems controlled with MPC controllers. To test the performance of model predictive control for a real world example we design and implement a standard MPC controller in the development simulator for the JAS 39 Gripen aircraft at Saab Aeronautics. This part of the thesis focuses on practical and tuning aspects of designing MPC controllers for fighter aircraft. Finally we have compared the MPC design with an alternative approach to maneuver limiting using a command governor.

Economic Model Predictive Control

Economic Model Predictive Control
Theory, Formulations and Chemical Process Applications

by Matthew Ellis,Jinfeng Liu,Panagiotis D. Christofides

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-08-09
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 9783319411071
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents general methods for the design of economic model predictive control (EMPC) systems for broad classes of nonlinear systems that address key theoretical and practical considerations including recursive feasibility, closed-loop stability, closed-loop performance, and computational efficiency. Specifically, the book proposes: Lyapunov-based EMPC methods for nonlinear systems; two-tier EMPC architectures that are highly computationally efficient; and EMPC schemes handling explicitly uncertainty, time-varying cost functions, time-delays and multiple-time-scale dynamics. The proposed methods employ a variety of tools ranging from nonlinear systems analysis, through Lyapunov-based control techniques to nonlinear dynamic optimization. The applicability and performance of the proposed methods are demonstrated through a number of chemical process examples. The book presents state-of-the-art methods for the design of economic model predictive control systems for chemical processes.In addition to being mathematically rigorous, these methods accommodate key practical issues, for example, direct optimization of process economics, time-varying economic cost functions and computational efficiency. Numerous comments and remarks providing fundamental understanding of the merging of process economics and feedback control into a single framework are included. A control engineer can easily tailor the many detailed examples of industrial relevance given within the text to a specific application. The authors present a rich collection of new research topics and references to significant recent work making Economic Model Predictive Control an important source of information and inspiration for academics and graduate students researching the area and for process engineers interested in applying its ideas.

Advanced Model Predictive Control

Advanced Model Predictive Control
A Book

by Tao Zheng

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-07-05
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9533072989
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Model Predictive Control (MPC) refers to a class of control algorithms in which a dynamic process model is used to predict and optimize process performance. From lower request of modeling accuracy and robustness to complicated process plants, MPC has been widely accepted in many practical fields. As the guide for researchers and engineers all over the world concerned with the latest developments of MPC, the purpose of "Advanced Model Predictive Control" is to show the readers the recent achievements in this area. The first part of this exciting book will help you comprehend the frontiers in theoretical research of MPC, such as Fast MPC, Nonlinear MPC, Distributed MPC, Multi-Dimensional MPC and Fuzzy-Neural MPC. In the second part, several excellent applications of MPC in modern industry are proposed and efficient commercial software for MPC is introduced. Because of its special industrial origin, we believe that MPC will remain energetic in the future.

Model Predictive Control System Design and Implementation Using MATLAB®

Model Predictive Control System Design and Implementation Using MATLAB®
A Book

by Liuping Wang

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-02-14
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 1848823312
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Model Predictive Control System Design and Implementation Using MATLAB® proposes methods for design and implementation of MPC systems using basis functions that confer the following advantages: - continuous- and discrete-time MPC problems solved in similar design frameworks; - a parsimonious parametric representation of the control trajectory gives rise to computationally efficient algorithms and better on-line performance; and - a more general discrete-time representation of MPC design that becomes identical to the traditional approach for an appropriate choice of parameters. After the theoretical presentation, coverage is given to three industrial applications. The subject of quadratic programming, often associated with the core optimization algorithms of MPC is also introduced and explained. The technical contents of this book is mainly based on advances in MPC using state-space models and basis functions. This volume includes numerous analytical examples and problems and MATLAB® programs and exercises.

Nonlinear Model Predictive Control of Combustion Engines

Nonlinear Model Predictive Control of Combustion Engines
From Fundamentals to Applications

by Thivaharan Albin Rajasingham

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 303068010X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an overview of the nonlinear model predictive control (NMPC) concept for application to innovative combustion engines. Readers can use this book to become more expert in advanced combustion engine control and to develop and implement their own NMPC algorithms to solve challenging control tasks in the field. The significance of the advantages and relevancy for practice is demonstrated by real-world engine and vehicle application examples. The author provides an overview of fundamental engine control systems, and addresses emerging control problems, showing how they can be solved with NMPC. The implementation of NMPC involves various development steps, including: reduced-order modeling of the process; analysis of system dynamics; formulation of the optimization problem; and real-time feasible numerical solution of the optimization problem. Readers will see the entire process of these steps, from the fundamentals to several innovative applications. The application examples highlight the actual difficulties and advantages when implementing NMPC for engine control applications. Nonlinear Model Predictive Control of Combustion Engines targets engineers and researchers in academia and industry working in the field of engine control. The book is laid out in a structured and easy-to-read manner, supported by code examples in MATLAB®/Simulink®, thus expanding its readership to students and academics who would like to understand the fundamental concepts of NMPC. Advances in Industrial Control reports and encourages the transfer of technology in control engineering. The rapid development of control technology has an impact on all areas of the control discipline. The series offers an opportunity for researchers to present an extended exposition of new work in all aspects of industrial control.

Real-time Monitoring and Operational Control of Drinking-Water Systems

Real-time Monitoring and Operational Control of Drinking-Water Systems
A Book

by Vicenç Puig,Carlos Ocampo-Martínez,Ramon Pérez,Gabriela Cembrano,Joseba Quevedo,Teresa Escobet

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-05-18
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 3319507516
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a set of approaches for the real-time monitoring and control of drinking-water networks based on advanced information and communication technologies. It shows the reader how to achieve significant improvements in efficiency in terms of water use, energy consumption, water loss minimization, and water quality guarantees. The methods and approaches presented are illustrated and have been applied using real-life pilot demonstrations based on the drinking-water network in Barcelona, Spain. The proposed approaches and tools cover: • decision-making support for real-time optimal control of water transport networks, explaining how stochastic model predictive control algorithms that take explicit account of uncertainties associated with energy prices and real demand allow the main flow and pressure actuators—pumping stations and pressure regulation valves— and intermediate storage tanks to be operated to meet demand using the most sustainable types of source and with minimum electricity costs;• decision-making support for monitoring water balance and distribution network quality in real time, implementing fault detection and diagnosis techniques and using information from hundreds of flow, pressure, and water-quality sensors together with hydraulic and quality-parameter-evolution models to detect and locate leaks in the network, possible breaches in water quality, and failures in sensors and/or actuators;• consumer-demand prediction, based on smart metering techniques, producing detailed analyses and forecasts of consumption patterns, providing a customer communications service, and suggesting economic measures intended to promote more efficient use of water at the household level. Researchers and engineers working with drinking-water networks will find this a vital support in overcoming the problems associated with increased population, environmental sensitivities and regulation, aging infrastructures, energy requirements, and limited water sources.

Networked and Distributed Predictive Control

Networked and Distributed Predictive Control
Methods and Nonlinear Process Network Applications

by Panagiotis D. Christofides,Jinfeng Liu,David Muñoz de la Peña

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-04-07
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9780857295828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Networked and Distributed Predictive Control presents rigorous, yet practical, methods for the design of networked and distributed predictive control systems – the first book to do so. The design of model predictive control systems using Lyapunov-based techniques accounting for the influence of asynchronous and delayed measurements is followed by a treatment of networked control architecture development. This shows how networked control can augment dedicated control systems in a natural way and takes advantage of additional, potentially asynchronous and delayed measurements to maintain closed loop stability and significantly to improve closed-loop performance. The text then shifts focus to the design of distributed predictive control systems that cooperate efficiently in computing optimal manipulated input trajectories that achieve desired stability, performance and robustness specifications but spend a fraction of the time required by centralized control systems. Key features of this book include: • new techniques for networked and distributed control system design; • insight into issues associated with networked and distributed predictive control and their solution; • detailed appraisal of industrial relevance using computer simulation of nonlinear chemical process networks and wind- and solar-energy-generation systems; and • integrated exposition of novel research topics and rich resource of references to significant recent work. A full understanding of Networked and Distributed Predictive Control requires a basic knowledge of differential equations, linear and nonlinear control theory and optimization methods and the book is intended for academic researchers and graduate students studying control and for process control engineers. The constant attention to practical matters associated with implementation of the theory discussed will help each of these groups understand the application of the book’s methods in greater depth.

MPC-Based Reference Governors

MPC-Based Reference Governors
Theory and Case Studies

by Martin Klaučo,Michal Kvasnica

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-21
  • Pages : 137
  • ISBN : 3030174050
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This monograph focuses on the design of optimal reference governors using model predictive control (MPC) strategies. These MPC-based governors serve as a supervisory control layer that generates optimal trajectories for lower-level controllers such that the safety of the system is enforced while optimizing the overall performance of the closed-loop system. The first part of the monograph introduces the concept of optimization-based reference governors, provides an overview of the fundamentals of convex optimization and MPC, and discusses a rigorous design procedure for MPC-based reference governors. The design procedure depends on the type of lower-level controller involved and four practical cases are covered: PID lower-level controllers; linear quadratic regulators; relay-based controllers; and cases where the lower-level controllers are themselves model predictive controllers. For each case the authors provide a thorough theoretical derivation of the corresponding reference governor, followed by illustrative examples. The second part of the book is devoted to practical aspects of MPC-based reference governor schemes. Experimental and simulation case studies from four applications are discussed in depth: control of a power generation unit; temperature control in buildings; stabilization of objects in a magnetic field; and vehicle convoy control. Each chapter includes precise mathematical formulations of the corresponding MPC-based governor, reformulation of the control problem into an optimization problem, and a detailed presentation and comparison of results. The case studies and practical considerations of constraints will help control engineers working in various industries in the use of MPC at the supervisory level. The detailed mathematical treatments will attract the attention of academic researchers interested in the applications of MPC.