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Precambrian Evolution of the North China Craton

Precambrian Evolution of the North China Craton
A Book

by Guochun Zhao

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-11-16
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 0124076521
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The North China Craton is one of the oldest cratonic blocks in the world, containing rocks as old as 3.85 billion years. Focusing on Neoarchean mantle plumes and Paleoproterozoic plate tectonics, this book combines the results from modern geological research to provide you with a detailed synthesis of the geology, structure, and evolution of the North China Craton. It will be of value to anyone interested in the evolution of cratonic blocks and Precambrian geology as well as geoscientists interested in applying tectonic models to other cratonic blocks globally. This work will also be of interest to geologists concerned with the problems of structure and evolution of the Precambrian continents and supercontinents. The first book to apply mantle plume and plate tectonics models to understanding the Neoarchean accretion and Paleoproterozoic amalgamation of a craton Features more than 75 geologic maps, illustrations, diagrams, and microphotographs depicting the progressive stages of the North China Craton’s Precambrian evolution Authored by one of the world’s foremost experts in cratonic evolution and mantle plume and plate tectonic modeling

Precambrian Geology of China

Precambrian Geology of China
A Book

by Mingguo Zhai

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-08-11
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 3662478854
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the first contribution to the overview of Precambrian geology of China. It covers Precambrian geology of the North China Craton, the South China Craton and the Tarim Craton, as well as other smaller blocks in the Chinese orogenic belts. It provides systematic concepts of the Chinese paleo-continents and incorporates the most up-to-date achievements. Edited by many of the active researchers working at the forefront of the related fields, it contributes greatly to the international Precambrian geology community and would be of interest to geoscientists working in the research field of geology of China and Precambrian geodynamics.

Main Tectonic Events and Metallogeny of the North China Craton

Main Tectonic Events and Metallogeny of the North China Craton
A Book

by Mingguo Zhai,Yue Zhao,Taiping Zhao

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-07-25
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 9811010641
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the metallogeny and main tectonic events of the North China Craton from early Precambrian to Phanerozoic. It covers the Archean crustal growth, Paleoproterozoic rifting-subduction-collision processes, Great Oxidation Event, Meso-Neoproterozoic multiple rifting, Phanerozoic reworking of the North China Craton, as well as metallogeny related to above different processes. The North China Craton is one of the oldest cratons in the world. It has experienced a complex geological evolution since the early Precambrian, and carries important records of secular changes in tectonics and metallogeny. It provides a systematic review and new results on the growth and evolution of the North China Craton and metallogeny. It will be of broad interest to the earth scientists working in the fields of economic geology, geochemistry, and tectonics of the North China Craton and eastern Asian.

Linkages and Feedbacks in Orogenic Systems

Linkages and Feedbacks in Orogenic Systems
A Book

by Richard D. Law,J. Ryan Thigpen,Arthur J. Merschat,Harold Stowell

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 2017-09-11
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 0813712130
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dedicated to Bob Hatcher, this Memoir explores linkages between tectonic processes through a series of field-, numerical- and laboratory-based studies, concentrating on feedback mechanisms within ancient and evolving orogens by which individual or linked tectonic processes may influence or predetermine the operation of other processes in space and time. Case studies cover a wide range of ancient to modern orogens: the Svecofennian of southern Finland, the Gyeonggi Massif of Korea, the Caledonides of northern Scotland, the Variscan of the East European craton, the Appalachians of the eastern United States, the European Alps and Dinarides, north Cascades of the northwestern United States, and the Himalaya. Emphasis is placed on integration between data sets developed from a wide range of analytical approaches, including: field mapping, seismic reflection profiling, strain analyses, petrology, isotopic dating, and numerical modeling-based studies of thermal evolution associated with tectonic processes such as thrust-related burial and exhumation.

Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life

Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life
A Book

by Yildirim Dilek,Harald Furnes

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2013-11-26
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 9400776152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents an integrated approach to the study of the evolution of the Archean lithosphere, biosphere and atmosphere, and as such it is a unique contribution to our understanding of the early Earth and life. The structural and geochemical make-up of both the oceanic and continental crust of the Archean Earth is documented in some case studies of various cratons, and the implications of the Phanerozoic plate and plume tectonic processes for the Archean geology are discussed in several chapters in the book. All chapters are process-oriented and data-rich, and reflect the most recent knowledge and information on the Archean Earth. The interdisciplinary approach of examining the evolution of the Archean crust, oceans, and life that we adopt in this book sets it apart from previous publications on Precambrian geology. The book will be attractive to researchers in academia and in industry, and to senior undergraduate students, graduate students and faculty in earth and natural sciences.

The Precambrian Earth

The Precambrian Earth
Tempos and Events

by P.G. Eriksson,Wladyslaw Altermann,D.R. Nelson,W.U. Mueller,O. Catuneanu,Octavian Catuneanu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2004-03-04
  • Pages : 966
  • ISBN : 008054259X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book the editors strive to cover all primary (i.e. non-applied) topics in Precambrian geology in a non-partisan way, by using a large team of international authors to present their datasets and highly divergent viewpoints. The chapters address: celestial origins of Earth and succeeding extraterrestrial impact events; generation of continental crust and the greenstone-granite debate; the interaction of mantle plumes and plate tectonics over Precambrian time; Precambrian volcanism, emphasising komatiite research; evolution and models for Earth's hydrosphere and atmosphere; evolution of life and its influence on Precambrian ocean chemistry and chemical sedimentation; sedimentation through Precambrian time; the application of sequence stratigraphy to the Precambrian rock record. Each topic is introduced and a non-partisan closing commentary provided at the end of each chapter. The final chapter blends the major geological events and rates at which important processes occurred into a synthesis, which postulates a number of "event clusters" in the Precambrian when significant changes occurred in many natural systems and geological environments. Also available in paperback, ISBN: 0-444-51509-7

Ophiolites in Earth History

Ophiolites in Earth History
A Book

by Yıldırım Dilek,Yildirim Dilek,Paul T. Robinson

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 717
  • ISBN : 9781862391451
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Earth History and Palaeogeography

Earth History and Palaeogeography
A Book

by Trond H. Torsvik,L. Robin M. Cocks

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 317
  • ISBN : 1107105323
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a complete Phanerozoic story of palaeogeography, using new and detailed full-colour maps, to link surface and deep-Earth processes.

Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution

Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution
A Book

by Steven Michael Reddy

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 9781862392830
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Palaeoproterozoic era (2500-1600 Ma) is a critical period of Earth history, with dynamic evolution from the deep planetary interior to its surface environment. Several lines of geological evidence suggest the existence of at least one pre-Rodinia supercontinent, named Nuna or Columbia, which formed near the end of Palaeoproterozoic time. Prior to this assembly, there may have been an older supercontinent (Kenorland) or perhaps only independently drifting supercratons. The tectonic records of amalgamation and dispersal of these ancient landmasses provide a framework that links processes of the deep Earth with those of its fluid envelope. The sixteen papers in this volume present reviews and new analytical data that span the geological record of Palaeoproterozoic Earth. The volume is useful as a reference book for students and professional geoscientists interested in this important period of global evolution.

Precambrian Continental Crust and its Economic Resources

Precambrian Continental Crust and its Economic Resources
A Book

by S.M. Naqvi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1990-09-06
  • Pages : 668
  • ISBN : 9780080869070
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Since 1964, the time when the Upper Mantle Project was started, the Precambrian continental crust has been studied in considerable detail in many areas. Multidisciplinary studies, using modern tools and techniques have resulted in increasing levels of accuracy. The Precambrian continental crust has been subjected to several thermal events and multiple episodes of deformation. These events have obliterated the scenario produced by early events and present-day efforts are directed towards evaluating the cause-effect processes of each event. How far back the known geological processes of the Phanerozoic can be extended into the Precambrian is one of the main questions. The present volume provides data and interpretations which will help in formulating the answer to some of these questions. The book contains 30 contributions resulting from researches on almost all the important Precambrian terranes.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Precambrian Geology

Principles of Precambrian Geology
A Book

by Alan M. Goodwin

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1996-06-18
  • Pages : 327
  • ISBN : 0080539696
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Precambrian Geologyis an update to the 1991 book, Precambrian Geology: The Dynamic Evolution of the Continental Crust, by the same author. The new edition covers the same topics in a more concise and accessible format and is replete with explanatory figures, tables, and illustrations. The book serves as a modern comprehensive statement on the Earth's Precambrian crust, covering the main aspects of distribution, lithiostratigraphy, age, and petrogenesis of Precambrian rocks by continent within the context of the Earth's evolving continental crust. Principles of Precambrian Geology provides a suitable framework for assessing various Earth dynamic and biospheric hypotheses, including the modern plate tectonic paradigm and the Gaian hypothesis. Despite the concise format, the new edition provides extensive updated references to support the information presented. It is designed to serve the needs of student, teacher, explorationist and general student of the continental crust. Updated to provide more concise accessible information Extensive illustrations, tabulations, and maps Provides a framework for assessing recent hypothesis on Earth dynamics Covers main aspects of distribution, lithostratigraphy, age, and protogenesis of Precambrian rocks

Archean Crustal Evolution

Archean Crustal Evolution
A Book

by K.C. Condie

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1994-11-11
  • Pages : 527
  • ISBN : 9780080869100
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The integration of Tectonics/Geochemistry, up-to-date reviews by leading scientists as well as a broad topical coverage of the Archean, are some of the features of this particular volume. As geochronology has progressed in the last 20 years, the Archean has continued to attract interest. Advancements in the understanding of Archean crustal and mantle evolution have progressed rapidly since the first International Archean Symposium in Western Australia (1970). The landmark for the Archean was the NATO Advanced Study Institute at Leicester (1975). At this meeting the Archean truly "came of age". Investigators from many different disciplines focused their expertise on the early history of the earth. For the first time, the nature of the atmosphere, oceans, and life during the Archean was an important part of an Archean symposium. During the most recent Archean Symposium in Perth in 1990, there was a shift in interest from field and trace element data to the new rapidly evolving high-precision U/Pb geochronology of Archean rocks and to detailed structural studies of both low and high grade Archean terrains. The terrane concept so widely applied to the Phanerozoic was proposed for the Archean Yilgarn Province in Western Australia and is now widely accepted for the Archean (as evident by the articles in this book). Plate tectonics is now widely accepted as the principal process that controls the history of continents and oceans. There are, though, well substantiated differences between Archean and post-Archean rocks that indicate that Archean tectonic regimes must have differed in some respects from modern ones. The question of how and to what degree did Archean plate tectonics differ from modern plate tectonics is treated in many of the chapters of this book. Altogether, the editor has presented a selection of articles that provide a fascinating insight into the latest observations in this field.

Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress

Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress
Beijing, China, 4-14 August 1996

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Origin and Early Evolution of the Metazoa

Origin and Early Evolution of the Metazoa
A Book

by Jere H. Lipps,Philip W. Signor

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1992-08-31
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN : 9780306440670
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text for the graduate or advanced undergraduate student assembles the latest information summarizing regional, systematic, and theoretical aspects of the early metazoa. The work consists of articles written by experts from around the world and includes literature from Russia and China translated for the first time into English.

Neoproterozoic-Cambrian Tectonics, Global Change and Evolution

Neoproterozoic-Cambrian Tectonics, Global Change and Evolution
A Focus on South Western Gondwana

by Claudio Gaucher,Alcides N. Sial,Galen P. Halverson,Hartwig E. Frimmel

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2009-10-20
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN : 9780080932774
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book deals with the record of important Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic events in southwestern Gondwana, that heralded the Cambrian explosion and the dawn of modern ecosystems. It contains a detailed account of the Neoproterozoic to Cambrian geological record in a poorly-known part of the world, which is at the same time key to understand fundamental processes at the Proterozoic-Cambrian transition. The emphasis is placed on litho-, bio-, chemostratigraphy and magmatism. The palaeoclimatic, tectonic, evolutionary radiation and extinction events and associated mineralizations will be identified and discussed. A synthesis of all data is provided at the end of the book, integrating the data from all cratons and fold belts in southwestern Gondwana. The events will be individualized, their impact discussed and correlations between different successions both within and outside Gondwana proposed. The book is organized in three sections. Section one is an introduction to the neoproterozoic and Cambrian seen as a time of upheavals, extremes and innovations. Section two comprises nineteen chapters dealing with the neoproterozoic-Cambrian events in southwestern Gondwana. Section three will provide a synthesis on every major topic, and a critical assessment of the global implications of the presented data. * The book deals with the record of important Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic events in southwestern Gondwana, that heralded the Cambrian explosion and the dawn of modern ecosystems. It contains a detailed account of the Neoproterozoic to Cambrian geological record in a poorly-known part of the world, which is at the same time key to understand fundamental processes at the Proterozoic-Cambrian transition. The emphasis is placed on litho-, bio-, chemostratigraphy and magmatism.

Main Tectonic Events and Metallogeny of the North China Craton

Main Tectonic Events and Metallogeny of the North China Craton
A Book

by Mingguo Zhai,Yue Zhao,Taiping Zhao

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-07-25
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 9811010641
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the metallogeny and main tectonic events of the North China Craton from early Precambrian to Phanerozoic. It covers the Archean crustal growth, Paleoproterozoic rifting-subduction-collision processes, Great Oxidation Event, Meso-Neoproterozoic multiple rifting, Phanerozoic reworking of the North China Craton, as well as metallogeny related to above different processes. The North China Craton is one of the oldest cratons in the world. It has experienced a complex geological evolution since the early Precambrian, and carries important records of secular changes in tectonics and metallogeny. It provides a systematic review and new results on the growth and evolution of the North China Craton and metallogeny. It will be of broad interest to the earth scientists working in the fields of economic geology, geochemistry, and tectonics of the North China Craton and eastern Asian.

Earth's Oldest Rocks

Earth's Oldest Rocks
A Book

by Martin J. van Kranendonk,Vickie Bennett,Hugh R.H. Smithies

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2007-10-26
  • Pages : 1330
  • ISBN : 9780080552477
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Earth’s Oldest Rocks provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of early Earth, from planetary accretion through to development of protocratons with depleted lithospheric keels by c. 3.2 Ga, in a series of papers written by over 50 of the world's leading experts. The book is divided into two chapters on early Earth history, ten chapters on the geology of specific cratons, and two chapters on early Earth analogues and the tectonic framework of early Earth. Individual contributions address topics that range from planetary accretion, a review of Earth meteorites, significance and composition of Hadean protocrust, composition of Archaean mantle and deep crust, all aspects of the geology of Paleoarchean cratons, composition of Archean oceans and hydrothermal environments, evidence and geological settings of early life, early Earth analogues from Venus and New Zealand, and a tectonic framework for early Earth. * Contains comprehensive reviews of areas of ancient lithosphere on Earth, of planetary accretion processes, and of meteorites * Focuses on specific aspects of early Earth, including oldest putative life forms, evidence of the composition of the ancient atmosphere-hydrosphere, and the oldest evidence for subduction-accretion * Presents an overview of geological processes and model of the tectonic framework on early Earth

São Francisco Craton, Eastern Brazil

São Francisco Craton, Eastern Brazil
Tectonic Genealogy of a Miniature Continent

by Monica Heilbron,Umberto G. Cordani,Fernando F. Alkmim

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-12-05
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN : 3319017152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The region of the São Francisco river valley in eastern Brazil encompasses two main components of the geologic framework of the South American continent: the São Francisco craton and its marginal orogenic belts. Cratons, as the oldest, differentiated and relatively stable pieces of the continental lithosphere, preserve a substantial part of the Earth's memory. Orogenic belts, on the other hand, record collisional processes that occurred during a limited time span. Because of their topographic relief, mountain belts developed along craton margins provide however access to rock successions not exposed in the low lands of the adjacent cratons. The combination of geologic information obtained in cratonic domains and their marginal orogenic belts thus form the basis for deciphering substantial periods of Earth’s history. Corresponding to the most intensively studied portion of the Precambrian nucleus of the South American plate, the São Francisco craton and its margins host a rock record that spans from the Paleoarchean to the Cenozoic. Precambrian sedimentary successions that witness ancient Earth processes - many of them of global significance - are especially well preserved and exposed in this region. With all these attributes the São Francisco craton together with its fringing orogenic belts can be viewed as a ‘continent within a continent’ or a ‘continent in miniature’.

Gondwana Research

Gondwana Research
International Geoscience Journal

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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