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Precambrian Evolution of the North China Craton

Precambrian Evolution of the North China Craton
A Book

by Guochun Zhao

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-11-16
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 0124076521
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The North China Craton is one of the oldest cratonic blocks in the world, containing rocks as old as 3.85 billion years. Focusing on Neoarchean mantle plumes and Paleoproterozoic plate tectonics, this book combines the results from modern geological research to provide you with a detailed synthesis of the geology, structure, and evolution of the North China Craton. It will be of value to anyone interested in the evolution of cratonic blocks and Precambrian geology as well as geoscientists interested in applying tectonic models to other cratonic blocks globally. This work will also be of interest to geologists concerned with the problems of structure and evolution of the Precambrian continents and supercontinents. The first book to apply mantle plume and plate tectonics models to understanding the Neoarchean accretion and Paleoproterozoic amalgamation of a craton Features more than 75 geologic maps, illustrations, diagrams, and microphotographs depicting the progressive stages of the North China Craton’s Precambrian evolution Authored by one of the world’s foremost experts in cratonic evolution and mantle plume and plate tectonic modeling

Main Tectonic Events and Metallogeny of the North China Craton

Main Tectonic Events and Metallogeny of the North China Craton
A Book

by Mingguo Zhai,Yue Zhao,Taiping Zhao

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-07-25
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 9811010641
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the metallogeny and main tectonic events of the North China Craton from early Precambrian to Phanerozoic. It covers the Archean crustal growth, Paleoproterozoic rifting-subduction-collision processes, Great Oxidation Event, Meso-Neoproterozoic multiple rifting, Phanerozoic reworking of the North China Craton, as well as metallogeny related to above different processes. The North China Craton is one of the oldest cratons in the world. It has experienced a complex geological evolution since the early Precambrian, and carries important records of secular changes in tectonics and metallogeny. It provides a systematic review and new results on the growth and evolution of the North China Craton and metallogeny. It will be of broad interest to the earth scientists working in the fields of economic geology, geochemistry, and tectonics of the North China Craton and eastern Asian.

Precambrian Geology of China

Precambrian Geology of China
A Book

by Mingguo Zhai

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-08-11
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 3662478854
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the first contribution to the overview of Precambrian geology of China. It covers Precambrian geology of the North China Craton, the South China Craton and the Tarim Craton, as well as other smaller blocks in the Chinese orogenic belts. It provides systematic concepts of the Chinese paleo-continents and incorporates the most up-to-date achievements. Edited by many of the active researchers working at the forefront of the related fields, it contributes greatly to the international Precambrian geology community and would be of interest to geoscientists working in the research field of geology of China and Precambrian geodynamics.

Precambrian Geology and Metamorphic Petrology

Precambrian Geology and Metamorphic Petrology
Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress, Beijing, China, 4-14 August 1996

by Qian Xianglin,Zhengdong You,Henry Campbell Halls

  • Publisher : VSP
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 9789067642750
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Earth System Evolution and Early Life

Earth System Evolution and Early Life
A Celebration of the Work of Martin Brasier

by A.T. Brasier,D. McIlroy,N. McLoughlin

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2017-06-09
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 1786202794
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume in memory of Professor Martin Brasier, which has many of his unfinished works, summarizes recent progress in some of the hottest topics in palaeobiology including cellular preservation of early microbial life and early evolution of macroscopic animal life, encompassing the Ediacara biota. The papers focus on how to decipher evidence for early life, which requires exceptional preservation, employment of state-of-the-art techniques and also an understanding gleaned from Phanerozoic lagerstätte and modern analogues. The papers also apply Martin’s MOFAOTYOF principle (my oldest fossils are older than your oldest fossils), requiring an integrated approach to understanding fossils. The adoption of the null-hypothesis that all putative traces of life are abiotic until proven otherwise, and the consideration of putative fossils within their spatial context, characterized the work of Martin Brasier, as is well demonstrated by the papers in this volume.

Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life

Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life
A Book

by Yildirim Dilek,Harald Furnes

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2013-11-26
  • Pages : 418
  • ISBN : 9400776152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents an integrated approach to the study of the evolution of the Archean lithosphere, biosphere and atmosphere, and as such it is a unique contribution to our understanding of the early Earth and life. The structural and geochemical make-up of both the oceanic and continental crust of the Archean Earth is documented in some case studies of various cratons, and the implications of the Phanerozoic plate and plume tectonic processes for the Archean geology are discussed in several chapters in the book. All chapters are process-oriented and data-rich, and reflect the most recent knowledge and information on the Archean Earth. The interdisciplinary approach of examining the evolution of the Archean crust, oceans, and life that we adopt in this book sets it apart from previous publications on Precambrian geology. The book will be attractive to researchers in academia and in industry, and to senior undergraduate students, graduate students and faculty in earth and natural sciences.

Ages, Geochemistry and Metamorphism of Neoarchean Basement in Shandong Province

Ages, Geochemistry and Metamorphism of Neoarchean Basement in Shandong Province
Implications for the Evolution of the North China Craton

by Meiling Wu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-11-21
  • Pages : 221
  • ISBN : 3662453436
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Focusing on issues of when and how Archean crust in the craton was formed, this PhD thesis book presents major research outcomes of field based metamorphic, geochemical and geochronological investigations on Meso-Neoarchean basement rocks from Shandong Province in the Eastern Block of the North China Craton. Based on major findings and new data, the author proposes that the formation and evolution of Archean crust was governed by mantle plumes, not by plate tectonics. As one of the oldest cratonic blocks in the world containing rocks as old as 3.85 billion years, the formation and evolution of North China Craton is still controversial. Therefore this book will be of value to anyone interested in the evolution of cratonic blocks and Precambrian geology.

Earth's Oldest Rocks

Earth's Oldest Rocks
A Book

by Martin J. Van Kranendonk,Vickie Bennett,Elis Hoffmann

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-09-26
  • Pages : 1112
  • ISBN : 0444639020
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Earth’s Oldest Rocks, Second Edition, is the only single reference source for geological research of early Earth. This new edition is an up-to-date collection of scientific articles on all aspects of the early history of the Earth, from planetary accretion at 4.567 billion years ago (Ga), to the onset of modern-style plate tectonics at 3.2 Ga. Since the first edition was published, significant new advances have been made in our understanding of events and processes on early Earth that correspond with new advances in technology. The book includes contributions from over 100 authors, all of whom are experts in their respective fields. The research in this reference concentrates on what is directly gleaned from the existing rock record to understand how our planet formed and evolved during the planetary accretion phase, formation of the first crust, the changing dynamics of the mantle and style of tectonics, life’s foothold and early development, and mineral deposits. It is an ideal resource for academics, students and the general public alike. Advances in early Earth research since 2007 based primarily on evidence gleaned directly from the rock record More than 50% of the chapters in this edition are new and the rest of the chapters are revised from the first edition, with more than 700 pages of new material Comprehensive reviews of areas of ancient lithosphere from all over the world, and of crust-forming processes New chapters on early solar system materials, composition of the ancient atmosphere-hydrosphere, and overviews of the oldest evidence of life on Earth, and modeling of early Earth tectonics

The Geology and Tectonic Settings of China's Mineral Deposits

The Geology and Tectonic Settings of China's Mineral Deposits
A Book

by Franco Pirajno

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-08-13
  • Pages : 682
  • ISBN : 9400744447
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extensive descriptions of a wide range of key or world-class mineral deposits of China are presented in the context of the country’s general geology, tectonic units and mineral systems and their geodynamic evolution within the tectonic framework of the Asian continent. This comprehensive overview, incorporating the latest geological concepts, is the first such coverage written in English by a western expert, and will be of benefit to mineral explorers and miners, as well as to research scientists and students in institutions of higher education. In his compilation of this compendium of Chinese geology and mineral systems, Franco Pirajno draws on first-hand knowledge of China’s geology and mineral deposits gained in numerous field visits and research projects with Chinese colleagues from various academic institutions over the past 18 years. First time that a western-based book on China’s geology and mineral deposits is published Appropriate for use by the mineral exploration industry Modern English-language geological and mineral deposits information on China Most useful to Western (and Chinese) geoscientists

Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China

Aspects of the Tectonic Evolution of China
A Book

by Geo. Society Publishing

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 9781862391567
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution

Palaeoproterozoic Supercontinents and Global Evolution
A Book

by Steven Michael Reddy

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 9781862392830
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Palaeoproterozoic era (2500-1600 Ma) is a critical period of Earth history, with dynamic evolution from the deep planetary interior to its surface environment. Several lines of geological evidence suggest the existence of at least one pre-Rodinia supercontinent, named Nuna or Columbia, which formed near the end of Palaeoproterozoic time. Prior to this assembly, there may have been an older supercontinent (Kenorland) or perhaps only independently drifting supercratons. The tectonic records of amalgamation and dispersal of these ancient landmasses provide a framework that links processes of the deep Earth with those of its fluid envelope. The sixteen papers in this volume present reviews and new analytical data that span the geological record of Palaeoproterozoic Earth. The volume is useful as a reference book for students and professional geoscientists interested in this important period of global evolution.

Ancient Supercontinents and the Paleogeography of Earth

Ancient Supercontinents and the Paleogeography of Earth
A Book

by Lauri J Pesonen,Johanna Salminen,Sten-Ake Elming,David A.D. Evans,Toni Veikkolainen

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-10-06
  • Pages : 662
  • ISBN : 0128185341
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ancient Supercontinents and the Paleogeography of Earth offers a systematic examination of Precambrian cratons and supercontinents. Through detailed maps of drift histories and paleogeography of each continent, this book examines topics related to Earth’s tectonic evolution prior to Pangea, including plate kinematics, orogenic development, and paleoenvironments. Additionally, this book discusses the methodologies used, principally paleomagnetism and tectonostratigraphy, and addresses geophysical topics of mantle dynamics and geodynamo evolution over billions of years. Structured clearly with consistent coverage for Precambrian cratons, this book combines state-of-the-art paleomagnetic and geochronologic data to reconstruct the paleogeography of the Earth in the context of major climatic events such as global glaciations. It is an ideal, up-to>date reference for geoscientists and geographers looking for answers to questions surrounding the tectonic evolution of Earth. Provides robust paleogeographies of Precambrian cratons based on high-quality paleomagnetic and geochronologic data and critically tested by global geological datasets Includes links to updated databases for the Precambrian such as PALEOMAGIA and the Global Paleomagnetic Database (GPMDB) Presents full-color maps of the drift histories of each continent as well as their paleogeographies Discusses key questions regarding continental drift, the supercontinent cycle, and the geomagnetic dipole hypothesis and analyzes palaeography in the context of Earth’s holistic evolution

Dyke Swarms - Time Markers of Crustal Evolution

Dyke Swarms - Time Markers of Crustal Evolution
Selected Papers of the Fifth International Dyke Conference in Finland, Rovaniemi, Finland, 31 July- 3 Aug 2005 & Fourth International Dyke Conference, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa 26-29 June 2001

by E. Hanski,S. Mertanen,T. Rämö,Jouni Vuollo

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2006-09-28
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 0415889383
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dyke swarms are remnants of large igneous provinces, and are pointers of continental break-up events, as well as indicators for ancient continental reconstructions. These global geodynamic aspects are of crucial significance in tectonics, and with recent developments in high-precision age, dating it has become possible to enter these short-lived magmatic events into a global data base. Every five years, scientists have met to consider new results and potential directions relating to the study of igneous dykes. At the Fifth International Dyke Conference, held in Rovaniemi, Finland in August 2005, igneous dykes, with particular attention to mafic dykes and dyke swarms, came under scrutiny. The properties of dykes, from Archean to Miocene, were explored in terms of mineralogy, geochemistry, isotopes, geochronology and paleomagnetics. This is a selection of twelve papers presented in Rovaniemi, together with updates of six papers from the South African meeting in 2001. For those who wish to have a summary of the current international status of igneous dykes, and their significance in interpreting geological and tectonic processes, this book is invaluable.

The Tectonics and Metallogenesis of Asia

The Tectonics and Metallogenesis of Asia
A Book

by Tianfeng Wan

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-04-13
  • Pages : 319
  • ISBN : 9811530327
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The purpose of this book is to provide a review of tectonic outlines of the Asian continent, metallogenesis rules of 242 large deposits or fields in 67 tectonic units of 6 tectonic domains in the Asia, and guidelines for the mining companies to effectively prospect the large deposits in the Asia in future. The main contents include the tectonic evolution of every tectonic unit in Asia at different geological periods, the mechanism of growth and intraplate deformation of the Asian continental lithosphere, the lithospheric types of the Asian continent, and relationship between tectonic evolution and mineralization process in the Asian continent.

Metamorphic Geology

Metamorphic Geology
Microscale to Mountain Belts

by S. Ferrero,P. Lanari,P. Goncalves,E. G. Grosch

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2019-04-17
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 1786204002
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Earth evolution, mountain belts are the loci of crustal growth, reworking and recycling. These crustal-scale processes are unravelled through microscale investigations of textures and mineral assemblages of metamorphic rocks. Multiple episodes of metamorphism, re-equilibration and deformation, however, generally produce a complex and tightly interwoven pattern of microstructures and assemblages. Over the last two decades, the combination of advanced computing and technological capabilities with new concepts has provided a vast array of novel petrological tools and high-resolution/high-sensitivity techniques for microanalysis and imaging. Such novel approaches are proving fundamental to untangling the enigma represented by metamorphism with an unprecedented level of detail and confidence. As a result, the first decade and a half of this century has already seen the tumultuous development of new research avenues in metamorphic petrology. This book aims to provide a timely overview of the state of the art of this field, of newly developed petrological techniques, future advancements and significant new case studies.

Archean-Mesoproterozoic Crustal Evolution and Crust-Mantle Geodynamics of Western Liaoning-Northeastern Hebei Provinces, North China Craton

Archean-Mesoproterozoic Crustal Evolution and Crust-Mantle Geodynamics of Western Liaoning-Northeastern Hebei Provinces, North China Craton
A Book

by Wei Wang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-01-06
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN : 9811079226
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis presents geological, petrological, geochemical, and zircon U–Pb–Lu–Hf isotopic field data for representative Precambrian lithologies in the Western Liaoning-Northeastern Hebei Provinces along the northern margin of the North China Craton (NCC). It describes late Neoarchean (2.64–2.48 Ga) supracrustal metavolcanic rocks and granitoid gneisses; late Paleoproterozoic (1.72–1.68 Ga) Jianping alkaline plutons and Pinggu alkaline volcanic rocks; and newly discovered ~1.23 Ga mafic dykes. The nature of magma sources and genesis of each magmatic episode are investigated, and the Precambrian (~2.6–1.2 Ga) lithospheric mantle evolution and crust-mantle interaction processes are established for the first time –aspects that provide important constraints in our understanding of the Precambrian crustal evolution and geodynamic processes in the region studied.

Precambrian Crustal Evolution of China

Precambrian Crustal Evolution of China
A Book

by Xingyuan Ma,Hsing-yüan Ma,Jin Bai

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1998-08-20
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Precambrian Crustal Evolution of China integrates the theory of plate tectonics, structural geology and petrology to identify the tectonic and metamorphic environment in different stages of development of the Archaean and Proterozoic crust. Further, the evolution of the Precambrian atmosphere and hydrosphere is approached by using geochemical data and traces of life. For the first time, the results of the study of the Precambrian geology of China are made available in English to scientists and students not having access to the huge amount of Chinese literature.

Precambrian Basins of India

Precambrian Basins of India
Stratigraphic and Tectonic Context

by R. Mazumder,P.G. Eriksson

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2015-04-02
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1862397236
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Memoir provides a comprehensive review of the Precambrian basins of the four Archaean nuclei of India (Dharwar, Bastar, Singhbhum and Aravalli-Bundelkhand), encompassing descriptions of the time-space distribution of sedimentary-volcanic successions, the interrelationship between tectonics and sedimentation, and basin histories. Studies of 22 basins within the framework of an international basin classification scheme deepen an understanding of the basin architecture especially for cratonic basins. Most Indian sedimentary successions formed as cratonic to extensional-margin rift and thermal-sag basins, some reflecting mantle plume movement, subcrustal heating or far-field stress. This Memoir shows that Phanerozoic plate-tectonic and sequence stratigraphic principles can be applied to the Precambrian basins of large Archaean provinces. The differences between the stratigraphic architecture of the Indian Precambrian and examples of Phanerozoic basin-fill successions elsewhere are ascribed to variable rates and intensities of the controls on accommodation and sediment supply, and changes inherent in the evolution of the hydrosphere-atmosphere and biosphere systems.

Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries

Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries
A Book

by Alcides N. Sial,Claudio Gaucher,Muthuvairavasamy Ramkumar,Valderez Pinto Ferreira

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-11-13
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1119382556
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Exploring environmental changes through Earth’s geological history using chemostratigraphy Chemostratigraphy is the study of the chemical characteristics of different rock layers. Decoding this geochemical record across chronostratigraphic boundaries can provide insights into geological history, past climates, and sedimentary processes. Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries presents state-of-the-art applications of chemostratigraphic methods and demonstrates how chemical signatures can decipher past environmental conditions. Volume highlights include: Presents a global perspective on chronostratigraphic boundaries Describes how different proxies can reveal distinct elemental and isotopic events in the geologic past Examines the Archaean-Paleoproterozoic, Proterozoic-Paleozoic, Paleozoic-Mesozoic, and Mesozoic-Paleogene boundaries Explores cause-and-effect through major, trace, PGE, and REE elemental, stable, and radiogenic isotopes Offers solutions to persistent chemostratigraphic problems on a micro-global scale Geared toward academic and researchgeoscientists, particularly in the fields of sedimentary petrology, stratigraphy, isotope geology, geochemistry, petroleum geology, atmospheric science, oceanography, climate change and environmental science, Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries offers invaluable insights into environmental evolution and climatic change.

Mesozoic Sub-continental Lithospheric Thinning Under Eastern Asia

Mesozoic Sub-continental Lithospheric Thinning Under Eastern Asia
A Book

by Mingguo Zhai,B. F. Windley,T. M. Kusky,Q. R. Meng

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9781862392250
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Most papers result from a meeting in Beijing in June 2005"--Preface.