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Predicting Future Oceans

Predicting Future Oceans
Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change

by William Cheung,Yoshitaka Ota,Andres Cisneros-Montemayor

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-08-17
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 0128179465
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change provides a synthesis of our knowledge of the future state of the oceans. The editors undertake the challenge of integrating diverse perspectives—from oceanography to anthropology—to exhibit the changes in ecological conditions and their socioeconomic implications. Each contributing author provides a novel perspective, with the book as a whole collating scholarly understandings of future oceans and coastal communities across the world. The diverse perspectives, syntheses and state-of-the-art natural and social sciences contributions are led by past and current research fellows and principal investigators of the Nereus Program network. This includes members at 17 leading research institutes, addressing themes such as oceanography, biodiversity, fisheries, mariculture production, economics, pollution, public health and marine policy. This book is a comprehensive resource for senior undergraduate and postgraduate readers studying social and natural science, as well as practitioners working in the field of natural resources management and marine conservation. Provides a synthesis of our knowledge on the future state of the oceans Includes recommendations on how to move forwards Highlights key social aspects linked to ocean ecosystems, including health, equity and sovereignty

Predicting Future Oceans

Predicting Future Oceans
Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change

by William W. L. Cheung,Yoshitaka Ota,Andres Cisneros-Montemayor

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-08-20
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 9780128179451
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change provides a synthesis of our knowledge of the future state of the oceans. The editors undertake the challenge of integrating diverse perspectives--from oceanography to anthropology--to exhibit the changes in ecological conditions and their socioeconomic implications. Each contributing author provides a novel perspective, with the book as a whole collating scholarly understandings of future oceans and coastal communities across the world. The diverse perspectives, syntheses and state-of-the-art natural and social sciences contributions are led by past and current research fellows and principal investigators of the Nereus Program network. This includes members at 17 leading research institutes, addressing themes such as oceanography, biodiversity, fisheries, mariculture production, economics, pollution, public health and marine policy. This book is a comprehensive resource for senior undergraduate and postgraduate readers studying social and natural science, as well as practitioners working in the field of natural resources management and marine conservation. Provides a synthesis of our knowledge on the future state of the oceans Includes recommendations on how to move forwards Highlights key social aspects linked to ocean ecosystems, including health, equity and sovereignty

Seasonal to Decadal Prediction of Marine Ecosystems: Opportunities, Approaches, and Applications

Seasonal to Decadal Prediction of Marine Ecosystems: Opportunities, Approaches, and Applications
A Book

by Mark R. Payne,Alistair J. Hobday,Brian R. MacKenzie,Desiree Tommasi

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-06-28
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889458814
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tremendous advances in oceanographic observing and modeling systems over the last decade have led to unprecedented developments in the nature of information available to marine science. While improvements in observational technologies and networks have garnered much attention, remarkable developments in forecasting the ocean have received much less focus. Exploiting this new predictive skill to improve scientific understanding, generate advice and aid in the management of marine resources, is emerging as one of the new challenges of marine science. Translating predictions of the physical environment into biological outcomes, however, is not straightforward. Fisheries scientists, for example, have been trying to understand the links between physics and biology, and generate predictions of variables such as recruitment, for close to a century, with limited success. Nevertheless, spatial distributions and the timing of key events, which have received less focus, are often tightly linked to the physical environment and may have management-relevant applications. The first-such forecasts based on this skill are now starting to emerge. This Frontiers in Marine Science Research Topic provides a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in Marine Ecological Prediction. It covers the opportunities for developing such forecasts, technical approaches that could be employed, and examples where the technology is already being applied. This body of work therefore marks an important milestone on the route to developing this new and exciting field of marine science.

Future Oceans Under Multiple Stressors: From Global Change to Anthropogenic Impact

Future Oceans Under Multiple Stressors: From Global Change to Anthropogenic Impact
A Book

by Erik Olsen,Isaac C. Kaplan,Cecilie Hansen Eide,Elizabeth A. Fulton,Michael J. Fogarty,Jamie C. Tam,Saskia Anna Otto

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-12-30
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889663086
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Ocean Economy in 2030

The Ocean Economy in 2030
A Book

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2016-04-27
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 9264251723
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report explores the growth prospects for the ocean economy, its capacity for future employment creation and innovation, and its role in addressing global challenges. Special attention is devoted to the emerging ocean-based industries.

Ocean Biogeochemistry

Ocean Biogeochemistry
The Role of the Ocean Carbon Cycle in Global Change

by Michael J.R. Fasham

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 301
  • ISBN : 3642558445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Oceans account for 50% of the anthropogenic CO2 released into the atmosphere. During the past 15 years an international programme, the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), has been studying the ocean carbon cycle to quantify and model the biological and physical processes whereby CO2 is pumped from the ocean's surface to the depths of the ocean, where it can remain for hundreds of years. This project is one of the largest multi-disciplinary studies of the oceans ever carried out and this book synthesises the results. It covers all aspects of the topic ranging from air-sea exchange with CO2, the role of physical mixing, the uptake of CO2 by marine algae, the fluxes of carbon and nitrogen through the marine food chain to the subsequent export of carbon to the depths of the ocean. Special emphasis is laid on predicting future climatic change.

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change
Expanding the Concept and Addressing Uncertainties

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Climate Research Committee,Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects on Climate

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2005-03-25
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 9780309133500
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Changes in climate are driven by natural and human-induced perturbations of the Earth’s energy balance. These climate drivers or "forcings" include variations in greenhouse gases, aerosols, land use, and the amount of energy Earth receives from the Sun. Although climate throughout Earth’s history has varied from "snowball" conditions with global ice cover to "hothouse" conditions when glaciers all but disappeared, the climate over the past 10,000 years has been remarkably stable and favorable to human civilization. Increasing evidence points to a large human impact on global climate over the past century. The report reviews current knowledge of climate forcings and recommends critical research needed to improve understanding. Whereas emphasis to date has been on how these climate forcings affect global mean temperature, the report finds that regional variation and climate impacts other than temperature deserve increased attention.

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate

Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate
Sustainability and Economic Perspectives

by Kevin J. Noone,Ussif Rashid Sumaila,Robert J. Diaz

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 0124076610
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Managing Ocean Environments in a Changing Climate summarizes the current state of several threats to the global oceans. What distinguishes this book most from previous works is that this book begins with a holistic, global-scale focus for the first several chapters and then provides an example of how this approach can be applied on a regional scale, for the Pacific region. Previous works usually have compiled local studies, which are essentially impossible to properly integrate to the global scale. The editors have engaged leading scientists in a number of areas, such as fisheries and marine ecosystems, ocean chemistry, marine biogeochemical cycling, oceans and climate change, and economics, to examine the threats to the oceans both individually and collectively, provide gross estimates of the economic and societal impacts of these threats, and deliver high-level recommendations. Nominated for a Katerva Award in 2012 in the Economy category State of the science reviews by known marine experts provide a concise, readable presentation written at a level for managers and students Links environmental and economic aspects of ocean threats and provides an economic analysis of action versus inaction Provides recommendations for stakeholders to help stimulate the development of policies that would help move toward sustainable use of marine resources and services

Oceans and Health:

Oceans and Health:
Pathogens in the Marine Environment

by Shimshon Belkin,Rita R. Colwell

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-10-12
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 9780387237091
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It is surprising how little is actually known about the fate of wastewater bacteria once they enter the sea. This wide-ranging work is one of the first to unravel the mechanisms determining bacterial sensitivity or survival under these conditions.

Ocean Acidification

Ocean Acidification
A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Development of an Integrated Science Strategy for Ocean Acidification Monitoring

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2010-10-14
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 030915359X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The ocean has absorbed a significant portion of all human-made carbon dioxide emissions. This benefits human society by moderating the rate of climate change, but also causes unprecedented changes to ocean chemistry. Carbon dioxide taken up by the ocean decreases the pH of the water and leads to a suite of chemical changes collectively known as ocean acidification. The long term consequences of ocean acidification are not known, but are expected to result in changes to many ecosystems and the services they provide to society. Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean reviews the current state of knowledge, explores gaps in understanding, and identifies several key findings. Like climate change, ocean acidification is a growing global problem that will intensify with continued CO2 emissions and has the potential to change marine ecosystems and affect benefits to society. The federal government has taken positive initial steps by developing a national ocean acidification program, but more information is needed to fully understand and address the threat that ocean acidification may pose to marine ecosystems and the services they provide. In addition, a global observation network of chemical and biological sensors is needed to monitor changes in ocean conditions attributable to acidification.

The Future of Coral Reefs Subject to Rapid Climate Change: Lessons from Natural Extreme Environments

The Future of Coral Reefs Subject to Rapid Climate Change: Lessons from Natural Extreme Environments
A Book

by Emma F. Camp,Verena Schoepf,Peter J. Mumby,David J. Suggett

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2019-01-22
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889457176
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examination of corals and reef-associated organisms which endure in extreme coral reef environments is challenging our understanding of the conditions that organisms can survive under. By studying individuals naturally adapted to unfavorable conditions, we begin to better understand the important traits required to survive rapid environmental and climate change. This Research Topic, comprising reviews, and original research articles, demonstrates the current state of knowledge regarding the diversity of extreme coral habitats, the species that have been studied, and the knowledge to-date on the mechanisms, traits and trade-offs that have facilitated survival.

The Uninhabitable Earth

The Uninhabitable Earth
Life After Warming

by David Wallace-Wells

  • Publisher : Tim Duggan Books
  • Release : 2020-03-17
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0525576711
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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#1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER * "The Uninhabitable Earth hits you like a comet, with an overflow of insanely lyrical prose about our pending Armageddon."--Andrew Solomon, author of The Noonday Demon With a new afterword It is worse, much worse, than you think. If your anxiety about global warming is dominated by fears of sea-level rise, you are barely scratching the surface of what terrors are possible--food shortages, refugee emergencies, climate wars and economic devastation. An "epoch-defining book" (The Guardian) and "this generation's Silent Spring" (The Washington Post), The Uninhabitable Earth is both a travelogue of the near future and a meditation on how that future will look to those living through it--the ways that warming promises to transform global politics, the meaning of technology and nature in the modern world, the sustainability of capitalism and the trajectory of human progress. The Uninhabitable Earth is also an impassioned call to action. For just as the world was brought to the brink of catastrophe within the span of a lifetime, the responsibility to avoid it now belongs to a single generation--today's. Praise for The Uninhabitable Earth "The Uninhabitable Earth is the most terrifying book I have ever read. Its subject is climate change, and its method is scientific, but its mode is Old Testament. The book is a meticulously documented, white-knuckled tour through the cascading catastrophes that will soon engulf our warming planet."--Farhad Manjoo, The New York Times "Riveting. . . . Some readers will find Mr. Wallace-Wells's outline of possible futures alarmist. He is indeed alarmed. You should be, too."--The Economist "Potent and evocative. . . . Wallace-Wells has resolved to offer something other than the standard narrative of climate change. . . . He avoids the 'eerily banal language of climatology' in favor of lush, rolling prose."--Jennifer Szalai, The New York Times "The book has potential to be this generation's Silent Spring."--The Washington Post "The Uninhabitable Earth, which has become a best seller, taps into the underlying emotion of the day: fear. . . . I encourage people to read this book."--Alan Weisman, The New York Review of Books

Unknown Ocean: The Baseline Report of the Census of Marine Life Research Program, 2003

Unknown Ocean: The Baseline Report of the Census of Marine Life Research Program, 2003
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : DIANE Publishing
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1437907172
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate Change Science

Climate Change Science
An Analysis of Some Key Questions

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Committee on the Science of Climate Change

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2001-07-28
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN : 0309075742
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The warming of the Earth has been the subject of intense debate and concern for many scientists, policy-makers, and citizens for at least the past decade. Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions, a new report by a committee of the National Research Council, characterizes the global warming trend over the last 100 years, and examines what may be in store for the 21st century and the extent to which warming may be attributable to human activity.

YOUMARES 9 - the Oceans: Our Research, Our Future

YOUMARES 9 - the Oceans: Our Research, Our Future
Proceedings of the 2018 Conference for YOUng MArine RESearcher in Oldenburg, Germany

by Simon Jungblut,Viola Liebich,Maya Bode-Dalby

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-01-01
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 3030203891
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Strengthening International Fisheries Law in an Era of Changing Oceans

Strengthening International Fisheries Law in an Era of Changing Oceans
A Book

by Richard Caddell,Erik J Molenaar

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2019-04-04
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1509923365
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This collection addresses the central question of how the current international framework for the regulation of fisheries may be strengthened in order to meet the challenges posed by changing fisheries and ocean conditions, in particular climate change. International fisheries law has developed significantly since the 1990s, through the adoption and establishment of international instruments and bodies at the global and regional levels. Global fish stocks nevertheless remain in a troubling state, and fisheries management authorities face a wide array of internal and external challenges, including operational constraints, providing effective management advice in the face of scientific uncertainty and non-compliance by States with their international obligations. This book examines these challenges and identifies options and pathways to strengthen international fisheries law. While it has a primarily legal focus, it also features significant contributions from specialists drawn from other disciplines, notably fisheries science, economics, policy and international relations, in order to provide a fuller context to the legal, policy and management issues raised. Rigorous and comprehensive in scope, this will be essential reading for lawyers and non-lawyers interested in international fisheries regulation in the context of profoundly changing ocean conditions.

Ocean Forecasting

Ocean Forecasting
Conceptual Basis and Applications

by Nadia Pinardi,John Woods

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 3662226480
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Advanced Study Courses in the field of Marine Science and Technology were part of the training programme developed from 1989 until 1999 within MAST, the Marine Science and Technology Programme of the European Union. They were related to the core topics of MAST Programme, marine systems research, extreme marine environments, regional Sea research, coastal systems research and engineering, and marine technology. The main objectives of these study courses were to further advance education in topics at the forefront of scien tific and technological development in Europe, and to improve the communication between students and experienced scientists on a European and international level. Over the years the Programme sponsored around 30 Advanced Study Courses. They took place in ten different member states of the European Union and their contribution in the formation of a European scientific community was significant. They also encouraged exchanges and contacts with several countries around the world such as United States, the third Mediterranean countries and others. The Course on Ocean Forecasting was one ofthe most successful with regard to its con tent, number of applications for participation and students satisfaction. When considering the need for the Advanced Study Course on Ocean Forecast ing, it is important to remember that the Oceans and Seas have always played a central role throughout the history of mankind. This is seen from the times of the ancient civilizations ofEgypt and Greece with the Phoenician traders, to the Viking voyages of exploration and discovery in medieval times.

Climate Change

Climate Change
Observed impacts on Planet Earth

by Trevor M. Letcher

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2009-05-08
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 9780080933030
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The climate of the Earth is always changing. As the debate over the implications of changes in the Earth's climate has grown, the term climate change has come to refer primarily to changes we've seen over recent years and those which are predicted to be coming, mainly as a result of human behavior. This book serves as a broad, accessible guide to the science behind this often political and heated debate by providing scientific detail and evidence in language that is clear to both the non-specialist and the serious student. * provides all the scientific evidence for and possible causes of climate change in one book * written by expert scientists working in the field * logical, non-emotional conclusions * a source book for the latest findings on climate change

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Ocean Circulation and Climate
A 21st Century Perspective

by Gerold Siedler,Stephen M. Griffies,John Gould,William John Gould,John A. Church

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 868
  • ISBN : 9780123918512
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of world ocean circulation experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation. Presents in situ and remote observations with worldwide coverage; Provides theoretical understanding of processes within the ocean and at its boundaries to other Earth System components; and Allows for simulating ocean and climate processes in the past, present and future using a hierarchy of physical-biogeochemical models

Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030

Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on an Ocean Infrastructure Strategy for U.S. Ocean Research in 2030

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2011-06-24
  • Pages : 98
  • ISBN : 0309217083
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The United States has jurisdiction over 3.4 million square miles of ocean in its exclusive economic zone, a size exceeding the combined land area of the 50 states. This expansive marine area represents a prime national domain for activities such as maritime transportation, national security, energy and mineral extraction, fisheries and aquaculture, and tourism and recreation. However, it also carries with it the threat of damaging and outbreaks of waterborne pathogens. The 2010 Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Horizon oil spill and the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami are vivid reminders that ocean activities and processes have direct human implications both nationally and worldwide, understanding of the ocean system is still incomplete, and ocean research infrastructure is needed to support both fundamental research and societal priorities. Given current struggles to maintain, operate, and upgrade major infrastructure elements while maintaining a robust research portfolio, a strategic plan is needed for future investments to ensure that new facilities provide the greatest value, least redundancy, and highest efficiency in terms of operation and flexibility to incorporate new technological advances. Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030 identifies major research questions anticipated to be at the forefront of ocean science in 2030 based on national and international assessments, input from the worldwide scientific community, and ongoing research planning activities. This report defines categories of infrastructure that should be included in planning for the nation's ocean research infrastructure of 2030 and that will be required to answer the major research questions of the future. Critical Infrastructure for Ocean Research and Societal Needs in 2030 provides advice on the criteria and processes that could be used to set priorities for the development of new ocean infrastructure or replacement of existing facilities. In addition, this report recommends ways in which the federal agencies can maximize the value of investments in ocean infrastructure.