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Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure

Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure
A Book

by Wolfram Saenger

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-12-01
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 1461251907
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New textbooks at all levels of chemistry appear with great regularity. Some fields like basic biochemistry, organic reaction mechanisms, and chemical ther modynamics are well represented by many excellent texts, and new or revised editions are published sufficiently often to keep up with progress in research. However, some areas of chemistry, especially many of those taught at the grad uate level, suffer from a real lack of up-to-date textbooks. The most serious needs occur in fields that are rapidly changing. Textbooks in these subjects usually have to be written by scientists actually involved in the research which is advancing the field. It is not often easy to persuade such individuals to set time aside to help spread the knowledge they have accumulated. Our goal, in this series, is to pinpoint areas of chemistry where recent progress has outpaced what is covered in any available textbooks, and then seek out and persuade experts in these fields to produce relatively concise but instructive introductions to their fields. These should serve the needs of one semester or one quarter graduate courses in chemistry and biochemistry. In some cases the availability of texts in active research areas should help stimulate the creation of new courses. CHARLES R. CANTOR New York Preface This monograph is based on a review on polynucleotide structures written for a book series in 1976.

Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure

Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure
A Book

by Stephen Neidle

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-07-26
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 9780080553528
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This unique and practical resource provides the most complete and concise summary of underlying principles and approaches to studying nucleic acid structure, including discussion of x-ray crystallography, NMR, molecular modelling, and databases. Its focus is on a survey of structures especially important for biomedical research and pharmacological applications. To aid novices, Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure includes an introduction to technical lingo used to describe nucleic acid structure and conformations (roll, slide, twist, buckle, etc.). This completely updated edition features expanded coverage of the latest advances relevant to recognition of DNA and RNA by small molecules and proteins. In particular, the reader will find extensive new discussions on: RNA folding, ribosome structure and antibiotic interactions, DNA quadruplexes, DNA and RNA protein complexes, and short interfering RNA (siRNA). This handy guide ends with a complete list of resources, including relevant online databases and software. Completely updated with expanded discussion of topics such as RNA folding, ribosome structure and antibiotic interactions, DNA quadruplexes, DNA and RNA protein complexes, and short interfering RNA (siRNA) Includes a complete list of resources, including relevant online databases and software Defines technical lingo for novices

Physical Principles in Nucleic Acid Chemistry

Physical Principles in Nucleic Acid Chemistry
A Book

by David E. Draper

  • Publisher : CRC PressI Llc
  • Release : 2014-12-15
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 9781466571280
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure

Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure
A Book

by Martin Egli,Wolfram Saenger

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-10-14
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 9781461251910
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New textbooks at all levels of chemistry appear with great regularity. Some fields like basic biochemistry, organic reaction mechanisms, and chemical ther modynamics are well represented by many excellent texts, and new or revised editions are published sufficiently often to keep up with progress in research. However, some areas of chemistry, especially many of those taught at the grad uate level, suffer from a real lack of up-to-date textbooks. The most serious needs occur in fields that are rapidly changing. Textbooks in these subjects usually have to be written by scientists actually involved in the research which is advancing the field. It is not often easy to persuade such individuals to set time aside to help spread the knowledge they have accumulated. Our goal, in this series, is to pinpoint areas of chemistry where recent progress has outpaced what is covered in any available textbooks, and then seek out and persuade experts in these fields to produce relatively concise but instructive introductions to their fields. These should serve the needs of one semester or one quarter graduate courses in chemistry and biochemistry. In some cases the availability of texts in active research areas should help stimulate the creation of new courses. CHARLES R. CANTOR New York Preface This monograph is based on a review on polynucleotide structures written for a book series in 1976.

Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure

Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure
A Book

by Stephen Neidle,Mark Sanderson

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-10-01
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128196785
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Nucleic Acid Structure, Second Edition provides the most complete and concise summary of underlying principles and approaches to studying nucleic acid structure, including discussions of X-ray crystallography, NMR, molecular modeling, and databases. The book's focus is on a survey of structures that are especially important for biomedical research and pharmacological applications. This updated edition includes the latest advances relevant to recognition of DNA and RNA by small molecules and proteins, including sections on RNA folding, ribosome structure and antibiotic interactions, DNA quadruplexes, DNA and RNA protein complexes, and short interfering RNA (siRNA). This reference is a must-have for those seeking an authoritative, comprehensive and up-to-date source on all aspects of nucleic acid structure, from basic first principles to details of recent research results. Completely updated, with an expanded section on protein-nucleic acid interactions that reflects major increases in our knowledge Defines technical terms for novices Includes a complete list of resources, including relevant online databases and software, as well as useful websites

Basic Principles in Nucleic Acid Chemistry

Basic Principles in Nucleic Acid Chemistry
A Book

by Paul On Pong Ts'o

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1974
  • Pages : 519
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Basic Principles in Nucleic Acid Chemistry V2 ...

Basic Principles in Nucleic Acid Chemistry

Basic Principles in Nucleic Acid Chemistry
A Book

by Paul O.P. Ts'o

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN : 0323146899
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Basic Principles in Nuclear Acid Chemistry, Volume II presents the significant progress in nucleic acid research and its contribution and influence on various aspects of human life. This book contains five chapters and begins with the susceptibility of nucleic acids towards attack by chemical reagents whose reactions with polynucleotides have been studied. This topic is followed by a presentation of experimental techniques used to study the properties of nucleic acids. The following chapter discusses some basic features embodied in the polyribo- and poly-deoxyribonucleotide backbone chains; the possibility of rotation around backbone bonds in the ""random"" single-stranded form; and the short- and long-range interactions in idealized and real chains. This chapter also looks into the thermodynamic and polyelectrolyte aspects of nucleic acid behavior. A chapter describes the special features of the third class of DNA, namely, closed duplex DNA, in which covalent chain scissions are absent. The last chapter examines the intrinsic properties and the interaction of the dimers and oligomers, with special emphasis on the influence of the phosphodiester linkages on the conformation and interaction of these short segments of nucleic acids. This book is of great value to workers in biomedical research and to higher level biochemistry instructors.

Topics in Nucleic Acid Structure

Topics in Nucleic Acid Structure
A Book

by Stephen Neidle

  • Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
  • Release : 2014-01-14
  • Pages : 221
  • ISBN : 9781349046935
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ribozymes, 2 Volume Set

Ribozymes, 2 Volume Set
Principles, Methods, Applications

by Sabine Müller,Benoît Masquida,Wade Winkler

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-08-23
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN : 3527344543
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides comprehensive coverage of a core field in the molecular biosciences, bringing together decades of knowledge from the world’s top professionals in the field Timely and unique in its breadth of content, this all-encompassing and authoritative reference on ribozymes documents the great diversity of nucleic acid base catalysis. It integrates the knowledge gained over the past 35 years in the field and features contributions from virtually every leading expert on the subject. Ribozymes is organized into six major parts. It starts by describing general principles and strategies of nucleic acid catalysis. It then introduces naturally occurring ribozymes and includes the search for new catalytic motifs or novel genomic locations of known motifs. Next, it covers the development and design of engineered ribozymes, before moving on to DNAzymes as a close relative of ribozymes. The next part examines the use of ribozymes for medicinal and environmental diagnostics, as well as for therapeutic tools. It finishes with a look at the tools and methods in ribozyme research, including the techniques and assays for structural and functional characterization of nucleic acid catalysts. The first reference to tie together all aspects of the multi-faceted field of ribozymes Features more than 30 comprehensive chapters in two volumes Covers the chemical principles of RNA catalysis; naturally occurring ribozymes, engineered ribozymes; DNAzymes; ribozymes as tools in diagnostics and therapy, and tools and methods to study ribozymes Includes first-hand accounts of concepts, techniques, and applications by a team of top international experts from leading academic institutions Dedicates half of its content to methods and practical applications, ranging from bioanalytical tools to medical diagnostics to therapeutics Ribozymes is an unmatched resource for all biochemists, biotechnologists, molecular biologists, and bioengineers interested in the topic.

RNA Purification and Analysis

RNA Purification and Analysis
Sample Preparation, Extraction, Chromatography

by Douglas T. Gjerde,Lee Hoang,David Hornby

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-07-10
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 3527627200
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This first book on the market covers the many new and important RNA species discovered over the past five years, explaining current methods for the enrichment, separation and purification of these novel RNAs. Building up from general principles of RNA biochemistry and biophysics, this book addresses the practical aspects relevant to the laboratory researcher throughout, while discussing the performance and potential problems of the methods discussed. An appendix contains a glossary with the important terms and techniques used in RNA analysis. By explaining the basic and working principles of the methods, the book allows biochemists and molecular biologists to gain much more expertise than by simply repeating a pre-formulated protocol, enabling them to select the procedure and materials best suited to the RNA analysis task at hand. As a result, they will be able to develop new protocols where needed and optimize and fine-tune the general purpose standard protocols that come with the purification equipment and instrumentation.

Protein-Nucleic Acid Interactions

Protein-Nucleic Acid Interactions
Structural Biology

by Phoebe A. Rice,Carl C. Correll

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2008-05-22
  • Pages : 397
  • ISBN : 0854042725
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The structural biology of protein-nucleic acid interactions is in some ways a mature field and in others in its infancy. High-resolution structures of protein-DNA complexes have been studied since the mid 1980s and a vast array of such structures has now been determined, but surprising and novel structures still appear quite frequently. High-resolution structures of protein-RNA complexes were relatively rare until the last decade. Propelled by advances in technology as well as the realization of RNA's importance to biology, the number of example structures has ballooned in recent years. New insights are now being gained from comparative studies only recently made possible due to the size of the database, as well as from careful biochemical and biophysical studies. As a result of the explosion of research in this area, it is no longer possible to write a comprehensive review. Instead, current review articles tend to focus on particular subtopics of interest. This makes it difficult for newcomers to the field to attain a solid understanding of the basics. One goal of this book is therefore to provide in-depth discussions of the fundamental principles of protein-nucleic acid interactions as well as to illustrate those fundamentals with up-to-date and fascinating examples for those who already possess some familiarity with the field. The book also aims to bridge the gap between the DNA- and the RNA- views of nucleic acid - protein recognition, which are often treated as separate fields. However, this is a false dichotomy because protein - DNA and protein - RNA interactions share many general principles. This book therefore includes relevant examples from both sides, and frames discussions of the fundamentals in terms that are relevant to both. The monograph approaches the study of protein-nucleic acid interactions in two distinctive ways. First, DNA-protein and RNA-protein interactions are presented together. Second, the first half of the book develops the principles of protein-nucleic acid recognition, whereas the second half applies these to more specialized topics. Both halves are illustrated with important real life examples. The first half of the book develops fundamental principles necessary to understand function. An introductory chapter by the editors reviews the basics of nucleic acid structure. Jen-Jacobsen and Jacobsen discuss how solvent interactions play an important role in recognition, illustrated with extensive thermodynamic data on restriction enzymes. Marmorstein and Hong introduce the zoology of the DNA binding domains found in transcription factors, and describe the combinational recognition strategies used by many multiprotein eukaryotic complexes. Two chapters discuss indirect readout of DNA sequence in detail: Berman and Lawson explain the basic principles and illustrate them with in-depth studies of CAP, while in their chapter on DNA bending and compaction Johnson, Stella and Heiss highlight the intrinsic connections between DNA bending and indirect readout. Horvath lays out the fundamentals of protein recognition of single stranded DNA and single stranded RNA, and describes how they apply in a detailed analysis of telomere end binding proteins. Nucleic acids adopt more complex structures - Lilley describes the conformational properties of helical junctions, and how proteins recognize and cleave them. Because RNA readily folds due to the stabilizing role of its 2'-hydroxyl groups, Li discusses how proteins recognize different RNA folds, which include duplex RNA. With the fundamentals laid out, discussion turns to more specialized examples taken from important aspects of nucleic acid metabolism. Schroeder discusses how proteins chaperone RNA by rearranging its structure into a functional form. Berger and Dong discuss how topoisomerases alter the topology of DNA and relieve the superhelical tension introduced by other processes such as replication and transcription. Dyda and Hickman show how DNA transposes mediate genetic mobility and Van Duyne discusses how site-specific recombinases "cut" and "paste" DNA. Horton presents a comprehensive review of the structural families and chemical mechanisms of DNA nucleases, whereas Li in her discussion of RNA-protein recognition also covers RNA nucleases. Lastly, FerrÚ-D'AmarÚ shows how proteins recognize and modify RNA transcripts at specific sites. The book also emphasises the impact of structural biology on understanding how proteins interact with nucleic acids and it is intended for advanced students and established scientists wishing to broaden their horizons.

Nucleic Acid–Protein Recognition

Nucleic Acid–Protein Recognition
A Book

by Henry Vogel

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 614
  • ISBN : 0323144535
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nucleic Acid-Protein Recognition covers the proceedings of a symposium on ""Nucleic Acid-Protein Recognition"", held at Arden House, Harriman Campus of Columbia University on May 30-June 1, 1976. The symposium inaugurated the ""P & S Biomedical Sciences Symposia"" under the sponsorship of the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University. This book is organized into nine part encompassing 31 chapters. The opening parts describe the principles of DNA replication and the unique chromatin structure. These parts also examine the physical chemistry of the interactions of melting proteins with nucleic acids. The third part presents the different types of approaches that can be used to study the function of RNA polymerases and the development of a cell-free system that favors Pol II-catalyzed transcription from type 2 adenovirus DNA. Parts IV and V deal with the sequence determination of wild-type and mutant repressor and the restriction and modification of DNA endonucleases, while parts VI and VII focus of the recognition of tRNA. Part VIII discusses some significant studies on the assembly of ribosomes and the principles of ribosomal interactions. Lastly, Part IX considers the role of small RNA template in the reaction mechanism of RNA replicases and ribonucleases. This part also surveys the so-called RNase III cleavage of different types of RNA and the structure of nucleic acid-protein complexes.

Principles and Practice of Experiments with Nucleic Acids

Principles and Practice of Experiments with Nucleic Acids
A Book

by John Howard Parish

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 511
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nucleic acid components; Isolation; Fractionation; Identification; Degradation; Synthesis; Chemical reactions; Primary structure of DNA and RNA; Secondary structure; Hybridization; Size and shape; Interaction between nucleic acids and small molecules; Tertiary structure; Interaction between nucleic acids and proteins.

Basic Principles in Nucleic Acid Chemistry

Basic Principles in Nucleic Acid Chemistry
A Book

by Paul O.P. Ts'o

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 648
  • ISBN : 0323144004
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Basic Principles in Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Volume I provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of nucleic acids. This book discusses the development of the basic principles in nucleic acid research that will serve as a foundation for further advancement in nucleic acid research. Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the history of the scientific study of nucleic acid as a genetic material. This text then examines the utility of the analogs of the naturally occurring nucleic acid components as biochemical tools and as therapeutic agents. Other chapters consider mass spectrometry that deals with the production and chemistry of ions in the vapor phase. This book discusses as well the various aspects of the excited states of the nucleic acids. The final chapter deals with the systematic study of the physiochemical properties of the monomeric units of nucleic acid. This book is a valuable resource for molecular biologists, scientists, and research workers.

Nucleic Acids in Chemistry and Biology

Nucleic Acids in Chemistry and Biology
A Book

by G. Michael Blackburn

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2006-01-01
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 0854046542
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The structure, function and reactions of nucleic acids are central to molecular biology and are crucial for the understanding of complex biological processes involved. Revised and updated Nucleic Acids in Chemistry and Biology 3rd Edition discusses in detail, both the chemistry and biology of nucleic acids and brings RNA into parity with DNA. Written by leading experts, with extensive teaching experience, this new edition provides some updated and expanded coverage of nucleic acid chemistry, reactions and interactions with proteins and drugs. A brief history of the discovery of nucleic acids is followed by a molecularly based introduction to the structure and biological roles of DNA and RNA. Key chapters are devoted to the chemical synthesis of nucleosides and nucleotides, oligonucleotides and their analogues and to analytical techniques applied to nucleic acids. The text is supported by an extensive list of references, making it a definitive reference source. This authoritative book presents topics in an integrated manner and readable style. It is ideal for graduate and undergraduates students of chemistry and biochemistry, as well as new researchers to the field.

Nucleic Acid Structure and Recognition

Nucleic Acid Structure and Recognition
A Book

by Cancer Research Campaign Biomolecular Structure Unit Stephen Neidle,Stephen Neidle

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 188
  • ISBN : 9780198506355
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a detailed view of the molecular structures of DNA and RNA and how they are recognised by small molecules and proteins. Extensive source material is provided, including information on relevant web sites and computer programmes. The major methods of structural investigationfor nucleic acids: X-ray crystallography, NMR, and molecular modelling are reviewed and their scope and limitations (in the context of nucleic acids) discussed. Also covered are the conformational features of nucleic acid building blocks, including a description of how base-pair morphologies areanalysed; the structures of DNA double helices and helical oligonucleotides, emphasising current ideas on sequence-dependent structure; and DNA-DNA interactions, including triplexes and quadruplexes. The principles of RNA folding, ribosome, and ribozyme structure are also surveyed. Both covalent andnon-covalent nucleic acid interactions with small molecules are described, with the emphasis on recognition principles and sequence specific gene recognition. The principles of protein - nucleic acid are covered, focussing on regulatory proteins.Nucleic Acid Structure and Recognition will therefore equip readers with a good understanding of all the important aspects of this major field.The Nucleic Acid Database (NDB) crystallographic and NMR structures for the nucleic acid structures described in the book are freely available through the Nucleic Acid Structure and Recognition website.

Protein-Nucleic Acid Interactions

Protein-Nucleic Acid Interactions
Structural Biology

by Phoebe A Rice,Carl C Correll

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2008-04-22
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1847558267
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The structural biology of protein-nucleic acid interactions is in some ways a mature field and in others in its infancy. High-resolution structures of protein-DNA complexes have been studied since the mid 1980s and a vast array of such structures has now been determined, but surprising and novel structures still appear quite frequently. High-resolution structures of protein-RNA complexes were relatively rare until the last decade. Propelled by advances in technology as well as the realization of RNA's importance to biology, the number of example structures has ballooned in recent years. New insights are now being gained from comparative studies only recently made possible due to the size of the database, as well as from careful biochemical and biophysical studies. As a result of the explosion of research in this area, it is no longer possible to write a comprehensive review. Instead, current review articles tend to focus on particular subtopics of interest. This makes it difficult for newcomers to the field to attain a solid understanding of the basics. One goal of this book is therefore to provide in-depth discussions of the fundamental principles of protein-nucleic acid interactions as well as to illustrate those fundamentals with up-to-date and fascinating examples for those who already possess some familiarity with the field. The book also aims to bridge the gap between the DNA- and the RNA- views of nucleic acid - protein recognition, which are often treated as separate fields. However, this is a false dichotomy because protein - DNA and protein - RNA interactions share many general principles. This book therefore includes relevant examples from both sides, and frames discussions of the fundamentals in terms that are relevant to both. The monograph approaches the study of protein-nucleic acid interactions in two distinctive ways. First, DNA-protein and RNA-protein interactions are presented together. Second, the first half of the book develops the principles of protein-nucleic acid recognition, whereas the second half applies these to more specialized topics. Both halves are illustrated with important real life examples. The first half of the book develops fundamental principles necessary to understand function. An introductory chapter by the editors reviews the basics of nucleic acid structure. Jen-Jacobsen and Jacobsen discuss how solvent interactions play an important role in recognition, illustrated with extensive thermodynamic data on restriction enzymes. Marmorstein and Hong introduce the zoology of the DNA binding domains found in transcription factors, and describe the combinational recognition strategies used by many multiprotein eukaryotic complexes. Two chapters discuss indirect readout of DNA sequence in detail: Berman and Lawson explain the basic principles and illustrate them with in-depth studies of CAP, while in their chapter on DNA bending and compaction Johnson, Stella and Heiss highlight the intrinsic connections between DNA bending and indirect readout. Horvath lays out the fundamentals of protein recognition of single stranded DNA and single stranded RNA, and describes how they apply in a detailed analysis of telomere end binding proteins. Nucleic acids adopt more complex structures - Lilley describes the conformational properties of helical junctions, and how proteins recognize and cleave them. Because RNA readily folds due to the stabilizing role of its 2'-hydroxyl groups, Li discusses how proteins recognize different RNA folds, which include duplex RNA. With the fundamentals laid out, discussion turns to more specialized examples taken from important aspects of nucleic acid metabolism. Schroeder discusses how proteins chaperone RNA by rearranging its structure into a functional form. Berger and Dong discuss how topoisomerases alter the topology of DNA and relieve the superhelical tension introduced by other processes such as replication and transcription. Dyda and Hickman show how DNA transposes mediate genetic mobility and Van Duyne discusses how site-specific recombinases "cut" and "paste" DNA. Horton presents a comprehensive review of the structural families and chemical mechanisms of DNA nucleases, whereas Li in her discussion of RNA-protein recognition also covers RNA nucleases. Lastly, FerrÚ-D'AmarÚ shows how proteins recognize and modify RNA transcripts at specific sites. The book also emphasises the impact of structural biology on understanding how proteins interact with nucleic acids and it is intended for advanced students and established scientists wishing to broaden their horizons.

RNA Structure and Function

RNA Structure and Function
A Book

by Robert W. Simons 1945-.,Robert W. Simons,Marianne Grunberg-Manago

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 741
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The striking functional versatility of RNA is attributable to its remarkable capacity for conformational change. Current models of RNA synthesis, its maturation, translation and degradation are all based on specific structures and there is growing appreciation of the functional importance of interactions between RNA and RNA-binding proteins. This work identifies the major intellectual and technical advances in understanding the part played by structure in how RNA works. It encompasses the experimental approaches used to define RNA structure and its influence on RNA functions such as transcription termination, catalysis, recoding and translational control. Investigators with these interests and students of molecular biology should find this volume a provocative survey of a rapidly-advancing field and a valuable complement to the monograph, The RNA World.

Principles of Molecular Biology

Principles of Molecular Biology
A Book

by Burton E. Tropp

  • Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
  • Release : 2012-12-14
  • Pages : 752
  • ISBN : 144964791X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Includes access to the Student Companion Website with every print copy of the text. Written for the more concise course, Principles of Molecular Biology is modeled after Burton Tropp's successful Molecular Biology: Genes to Proteins and is appropriate for the sophomore level course. The author begins with an introduction to molecular biology, discussing what it is and how it relates to applications in "real life" with examples pulled from medicine and industry. An overview of protein structure and function follows, and from there the text covers the various roles of technology in elucidating the central concepts of molecular biology, from both a historical and contemporary perspective. Tropp then delves into the heart of the book with chapters focused on chromosomes, genetics, replication, DNA damage and repair, recombination, transposition, transcription, and wraps up with translation. Key Features: - Presents molecular biology from a biochemical perspective, utilizing model systems, as they best describe the processes being discussed -Special Topic boxes throughout focus on applications in medicine and technology -Presents "real world" applications of molecular biology that are necessary for students continuing on to medical school or the biotech industry -An end-of-chapter study guide includes questions for review and discussion -Difficult or complicated concepts are called-out in boxes to further explain and simplify

Photochemistry of Proteins and Nucleic Acids

Photochemistry of Proteins and Nucleic Acids
International Series of Monographs on Pure and Applied Biology

by A. D. McLaren,D. Shugar

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-06-06
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 1483136035
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Photochemistry of Proteins and Nucleic Acids focuses on the effects of ultraviolet and visible radiations on proteins and nucleic acids. The book first discusses some principles of photochemistry, including the laws of photochemistry and factors influencing photochemical reactions in solutions. The text describes absorption and luminescence spectra of nucleoproteins and their components, including principal absorbing groups in proteins, nucleic acids, and nucleoproteins. The selection also highlights the action of ultraviolet light on proteins; photochemical and photosensitized inactivation of enzymes; and the photochemistry of purine and pyrimidine derivatives. The text also discusses nucleic acids and oligo- and polynucleotides. Topics include photochemical degradation of nucleic acid; kinetics of biological inactivation of nucleic acids; nucleoproteins; and reversibility of nucleic acid photolysis. The book also encompasses the inactivation of viruses, including inactivation studies with a plant virus, bacteriophages, and photochemically produced vaccines. The text also presents some problems in photobiology and some techniques in photochemistry. The text is a good source of information for readers interested in the study of proteins and nucleic acids. Based on the standards and codes from Fo