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Principles of the Magnetic Methods in Geophysics

Principles of the Magnetic Methods in Geophysics
A Book

by Alex A. Kaufman,Richard O. Hansen,Robert L. Kleinberg

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-11-21
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780080931852
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Magnetic methods are widely used in exploration, engineering, borehole and global geophysics, and the subjects of this book are the physical and mathematical principles of these methods regardless of the area of application. Beginning with Ampere's law, the force of interaction between currents is analyzed, and then the concept of the magnetic field is introduced and the fundamental features are discussed. Special attention is paid to measurements of relaxation processes, including topics as the spin echoes or refocusing. Also the special role of the magnetic method in the development of the plate tectonic theory is described. * covers all the physical and mathematical principles of magnetic methods regardless of the area of application. * presents thorough developments of magnetic methods.

Gravity and Magnetic Exploration

Gravity and Magnetic Exploration
Principles, Practices, and Applications

by William J. Hinze,Ralph R. B. von Frese,Afif H. Saad

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2013-03-14
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1107328195
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This combination of textbook and reference manual provides a comprehensive account of gravity and magnetic methods for exploring the subsurface using surface, marine, airborne and satellite measurements. It describes key current topics and techniques, physical properties of rocks and other earth materials, and digital data analysis methods used to process and interpret anomalies for subsurface information. Each chapter starts with an overview and concludes by listing key concepts to consolidate new learning. An accompanying website presents problem sets and interactive computer-based exercises, providing hands-on experience of processing, modeling and interpreting data. A comprehensive online suite of full-color case histories illustrates the practical utility of modern gravity and magnetic surveys. This is an ideal text for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses and reference text for research academics and professional geophysicists. It is a valuable resource for all those interested in petroleum, engineering, mineral, environmental, geological and archeological exploration of the lithosphere.

Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods

Geophysical Electromagnetic Theory and Methods
A Book

by Michael S. Zhdanov

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2009-06-12
  • Pages : 868
  • ISBN : 9780080931760
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book the author presents the state-of-the-art electromagnetic (EM) theories and methods employed in EM geophysical exploration. The book brings together the fundamental theory of EM fields and the practical aspects of EM exploration for mineral and energy resources. This text is unique in its breadth and completeness in providing an overview of EM geophysical exploration technology. The book is divided into four parts covering the foundations of EM field theory and its applications, and emerging geophysical methods. Part I is an introduction to the field theory required for baseline understanding. Part II is an overview of all the basic elements of geophysical EM theory, from Maxwell's fundamental equations to modern methods of modeling the EM field in complex 3-D geoelectrical formations. Part III deals with the regularized solution of ill-posed inverse electromagnetic problems, the multidimensional migration and imaging of electromagnetic data, and general interpretation techniques. Part IV describes major geophysical electromagnetic methods—direct current (DC), induced polarization (IP), magnetotelluric (MT), and controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) methods—and covers different applications of EM methods in exploration geophysics, including minerals and HC exploration, environmental study, and crustal study. * Presents theoretical and methodological findings, as well as examples of applications of recently developed algorithms and software in solving practical problems * Describes the practical importance of electromagnetic data through enabling discussions on a construction of a closed technological cycle, processing, analysis and three-dimensional interpretation * Updates current findings in the field, especially with MT, magnetovariational and seismo-electrical methods and the practice of 3D interpretations

Principles of Applied Geophysics

Principles of Applied Geophysics
A Book

by D. S. Parasnis

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 9400958145
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The welcome accorded to the first two editions of this book has been most encouraging. The object of the third edition continues to be to give a brief but "fairly comprehensive survey of the methods of applied geophysics including some of the modern interpretation techniques. The general approach and plan of the previous editions are preserved, but in bringing the book up to date some changes have been made to which I would like to draw the reader's special attention. SI units are strictly adhered to except in six illustrative figures reproduced from older literature and left intact to save some extensive redraughting. Following the recommendation of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, the magnetic field measured in geophysical work is labelled here as flux density (tesla). Consequently, the symbols H, Z and T commonly used in geomagnetic work should stand for flux density. In the Max wellian theory of electromagnetism the symbol H stands, by convention, for a magnetizing force (A m -1) and a discerning reader will at once sense a source of confusion. This source of confusion is avoided in the present edition by B , B and B instead of H, Z and T. The employing the symbols b z t latter ~et is employed for the corresponding magnetizing forces of the earth's field. I hope this notation will gain general acceptance because it so easily dispenses with an ambiguity that otherwise tends to lead to unnecessary confusion of units and dimensions in geomagnetism.

Physical Principles of Exploration Methods

Physical Principles of Exploration Methods
A Book

by A. E. Beck

  • Publisher : Macmillan International Higher Education
  • Release : 1981-10-01
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 1349166057
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Potential Theory in Gravity and Magnetic Applications

Potential Theory in Gravity and Magnetic Applications
A Book

by Richard J. Blakely

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 1996-09-13
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 9780521575478
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text bridges the gap between the classic texts on potential theory and modern books on applied geophysics. It opens with an introduction to potential theory, emphasising those aspects particularly important to earth scientists, such as Laplace's equation, Newtonian potential, magnetic and electrostatic fields, and conduction of heat. The theory is then applied to the interpretation of gravity and magnetic anomalies, drawing on examples from modern geophysical literature. Topics explored include regional and global fields, forward modeling, inverse methods, depth-to-source estimation, ideal bodies, analytical continuation, and spectral analysis. The book includes numerous exercises and a variety of computer subroutines written in FORTRAN. Graduate students and researchers in geophysics will find this book essential.

Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2012

Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA) 2012
Volume 5

by Zhicai Zhong

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-04-09
  • Pages : 825
  • ISBN : 1447148444
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Information engineering and applications is the field of study concerned with constructing information computing, intelligent systems, mathematical models, numerical solution techniques, and using computers and other electronic devices to analyze and solve natural scientific, social scientific and engineering problems. Information engineering is an important underpinning for techniques used in information and computational science and there are many unresolved problems worth studying. The Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications (IEA 2012), which was held in Chongqing, China, from October 26-28, 2012, discusses the most innovative research and developments including technical challenges and social, legal, political, and economic issues. A forum for engineers and scientists in academia, industry, and government, the Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Information Engineering and Applications presents ideas, results, works in progress, and experience in all aspects of information engineering and applications.

Gravity and Magnetic Methods for Geological Studies

Gravity and Magnetic Methods for Geological Studies
Principles, Integrated Exploration and Plate Tectonics

by Dinesh C. Mishra

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-11-28
  • Pages : 958
  • ISBN : 9780415684200
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gravity and magnetic methods can be directly related to physical properties of rocks, i.e. the density and the susceptibility, and are very useful to field geologists and geophysicists in the mapping and identification of various rock types. They are also used for the detection of minerals with large contrast in density and susceptibility compared to country rock. This reference volume consists of two parts: The first part describes the basic principles and methodology of the gravity and the magnetic methods of geophysical exploration with global examples. It deals with geological studies and gravity & magnetic methods; geodynamic studies (plate tectonics, crustal structures, plume tectonics); resource exploration (geological mapping, hydrocarbon, mineral and groundwater exploration); environmental studies (seismotectonics, engineering sites, climate changes, mining geophysics, volcanoes and volcanic activity, landslides, impact craters) and different modes of surveying. The second part is dedicated to the Indian Continent and deals with the application of geological data, integrated with other geophysical and geological information. It discusses geodynamics and seismotectonics with respect to the Indian Plate zone, including the Indian Ocean, Himalaya, Tibet and Archean- Proterozoic Cratons and Mobile Belts. It also presents ways for integrated exploration for hydrocarbons, minerals, groundwater and a number of environmental issues relevant in engineering and archaeology. The accessible style of this unique work will benefit researchers, professionals, advanced students and interested readers in Geophysics, Geology, Economic Geology, Geological Engigeering, Geography, Mineralogy and related disciplines.

Groundwater Geophysics

Groundwater Geophysics
A Tool for Hydrogeology

by Reinhard Kirsch

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-12-14
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN : 354088405X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Edited by Reinhard Kirsch, this book demonstrates the use of geophysics for the detection and delineation of groundwater resources. As well as being an excellent reference, it could also be used as a textbook. An addition to the bookshelf of any geophysicist.

Treatise on Geophysics

Treatise on Geophysics
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-04-17
  • Pages : 5604
  • ISBN : 0444538038
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Treatise on Geophysics, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and in-depth study of the physics of the Earth beyond what any geophysics text has provided previously. Thoroughly revised and updated, it provides fundamental and state-of-the-art discussion of all aspects of geophysics. A highlight of the second edition is a new volume on Near Surface Geophysics that discusses the role of geophysics in the exploitation and conservation of natural resources and the assessment of degradation of natural systems by pollution. Additional features include new material in the Planets and Moon, Mantle Dynamics, Core Dynamics, Crustal and Lithosphere Dynamics, Evolution of the Earth, and Geodesy volumes. New material is also presented on the uses of Earth gravity measurements. This title is essential for professionals, researchers, professors, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of Geophysics and Earth system science. Comprehensive and detailed coverage of all aspects of geophysics Fundamental and state-of-the-art discussions of all research topics Integration of topics into a coherent whole

Geophysical Abstracts

Geophysical Abstracts
A Book

by Geological Survey (U.S.)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geological Survey Bulletin

Geological Survey Bulletin
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1963
  • Pages : 151
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geophysical Abstracts, 156 January-March 1954

Geophysical Abstracts, 156 January-March 1954
A Book

by Mary C. Rabbitt

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1954
  • Pages : 70
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geophysical Abstracts

Geophysical Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1945
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geophysical Abstracts, 164 January-March 1956

Geophysical Abstracts, 164 January-March 1956
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1957
  • Pages : 92
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Electromagnetic Methods in Surface Geophysics

Principles of Electromagnetic Methods in Surface Geophysics
A Book

by Alex A. Kaufman,Dimitry Alekseev,Michael Oristaglio

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2014-06-27
  • Pages : 794
  • ISBN : 0444538305
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Electromagnetic Methods in Surface Geophysics contains information about the theory of electromagnetic fields in a conducting media. It describes the theoretical and physical principles of the main geophysical methods using electromagnetic fields, including frequency and transient soundings, electromagnetic profiling, and magnetotelluric soundings. Special attention is paid to models and signal processing methods used in modern exploration geophysics for groundwater, mineral and hydrocarbon exploration. Offers an integrated approach to the description of electromagnetic geophysical fields used for surface geophysical surveys Provides a clear introduction to the physical background of electromagnetic methods and their application Rounds off the treatment of the main geophysical methods: gravity, magnetic seismic, electric and electromagnetic methods

Handbook of Exploration Geophysics

Handbook of Exploration Geophysics
An encyclopedic and an algorythm source-book

by Paul A. Chapel

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1992-01-01
  • Pages : 427
  • ISBN : 9789054102069
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geophysics, the excellent exploration tool which traditionally uses the latest techniques has been in great demand, and has assisted by remarkable development of the methods which consist of gravimetry, electromagnetics and, the most important, seismic reflection. The book is presented like an encyclopedia. One may find an exact definition, illustrated with simple sketches, precise formulae & orders of magnitude & data which have so often been missing.

Forensic Geoscience

Forensic Geoscience
Principles, Techniques and Applications

by Geological Society of London

  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 9781862391611
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics
A Book

by Harsh Gupta

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-06-29
  • Pages : 1539
  • ISBN : 904818701X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The past few decades have witnessed the growth of the Earth Sciences in the pursuit of knowledge and understanding of the planet that we live on. This development addresses the challenging endeavor to enrich human lives with the bounties of Nature as well as to preserve the planet for the generations to come. Solid Earth Geophysics aspires to define and quantify the internal structure and processes of the Earth in terms of the principles of physics and forms the intrinsic framework, which other allied disciplines utilize for more specific investigations. The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics was published in 1989 by Van Nostrand Reinhold publishing company. More than two decades later, this new volume, edited by Prof. Harsh K. Gupta, represents a thoroughly revised and expanded reference work. It brings together more than 200 articles covering established and new concepts of Geophysics across the various sub-disciplines such as Gravity, Geodesy, Geomagnetism, Seismology, Seismics, Deep Earth Processes, Plate Tectonics, Thermal Domains, Computational Methods, etc. in a systematic and consistent format and standard. It is an authoritative and current reference source with extraordinary width of scope. It draws its unique strength from the expert contributions of editors and authors across the globe. It is designed to serve as a valuable and cherished source of information for current and future generations of professionals.

Palaeomagnetism

Palaeomagnetism
Principles and Applications in Geology, Geophysics and Archaeology

by Donald H. Tarling

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 9400959559
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Palaeomagnetism and archaeomagnetism are fascinating specialized studies because they are applicable to such a wide range of problems in geology, archaeology and geophysics. They can also be undertaken cheaply, when compared with most other geophysical techniques, and, at first sight, simply. In fact, real comprehension of the magnetic processes that have occurred in rocks and other types of material over several thousands or many millions of years is still extremely difficult to assess and measure. On this basis, this book cannot explain all such features, nor can it attempt to cover all the actual and potential applications of the method. All that can be attempted is to give an impression of the ways in which such techniques can be used in a wide variety of fields, and how these techniques are usually applied. The magnetization of rocks is, in fact, one of the earliest of the true sciences, but we are still not in a position to answer many of the problems posed. Consequently some of the examples given of applications are, essentially, state-of-the-art comments, rather than being a review as such. The changing position of the geomagnetic poles with time is still not adequately defined, for example, and some of the more recent conventional views are given, although the emphasis is placed on more subjective, probably more controversial, evaluations.