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Production Processes of Renewable Aviation Fuel

Production Processes of Renewable Aviation Fuel
Present Technologies and Future Trends

by Claudia Gutiérrez-Antonio,Araceli Guadalupe Romero-Izquierdo,Fernando Israel Gómez Castro,Salvador Hernández

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-01-22
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 0128231718
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Production Processes of Renewable Aviation Fuel: Present Technologies and Future Trends presents the available production processes for renewable aviation fuel, including the application of intensification and energy integration strategies. Despite biofuels have gained a lot of interest in the last years, renewable aviation fuel is one of the less studied. In the last ten years, there has been an incredible growth in the number of patents and articles related with its production processes. Several transformation pathways have been proposed, and new ones have been outlined. The book contains the main information about the production processes of renewable aviation fuel, considering international standards, available technologies, and recent scientific contributions. It also outlines the motivation for the development of renewable aviation fuel, and its main processing pathways from the different renewable raw materials. In addition, the application of intensification and energy integration strategies is presented, along with the identified future trends in this area Includes the motivation for the development of renewable aviation fuel and applicable standards Describes the processing pathways from biomass to produce renewable aviation fuel Presents the application of intensification and energy integration strategies for the production of renewable aviation fuel The future trends in the production processes of renewable aviation fuel are discussed

Review of Biojet Fuel Conversion Technologies

Review of Biojet Fuel Conversion Technologies
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 106
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomass-derived jet (biojet) fuel has become a key element in the aviation industry's strategy to reduce operating costs and environmental impacts. Researchers from the oil-refining industry, the aviation industry, government, biofuel companies, agricultural organizations, and academia are working toward developing commercially viable and sustainable processes that produce long-lasting renewable jet fuels with low production costs and low greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, jet fuels must meet ASTM International specifications and potentially be a 100% drop-in replacement for the current petroleum jet fuel. The combustion characteristics and engine tests demonstrate the benefits of running the aviation gas turbine with biojet fuels. In this study, the current technologies for producing renewable jet fuels, categorized by alcohols-to-jet, oil-to-jet, syngas-to-jet, and sugar-to-jet pathways, are reviewed. The main challenges for each technology pathway, including feedstock availability, conceptual process design, process economics, life-cycle assessment of greenhouse gas emissions, and commercial readiness, are discussed. Although the feedstock price and availability and energy intensity of the process are significant barriers, biomass-derived jet fuel has the potential to replace a significant portion of conventional jet fuel required to meet commercial and military demand.

Federal Register

Federal Register
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013-03
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hitting the Ethanol Blend Wall

Hitting the Ethanol Blend Wall
Examining the Science on E15 : Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, Thursday, July 7, 2011

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science, Space, and Technology (2011). Subcommittee on Energy and Environment

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 217
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Code of Federal Regulations

Code of Federal Regulations
2000-

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Special edition of the Federal Register, containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect ... with ancillaries.

23 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

23 European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
Simulation and optimization of a biojet fuel production process

by Claudia Gutiérrez-Antonio,Fernando Israel Gómez-Castro,Juan Gabriel Segovia-Hernández,Abel Briones-Ramírez

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-06-10
  • Pages : 1088
  • ISBN : 0128085010
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Aviation sector contributes with 2% of the total CO2 emissions due to human activities. Moreover, predictions estimate that air traffic will duplicate in the next 20 years, with the corresponding increasing in CO2 emissions. The International Air Transport Association (IATA) has established four strategies to reduce CO2 emissions; one strategy is the development of aviation fuel from renewable feedstocks, known as biojet fuel. In 2009 UOP Honeywell received a patent for its process to produce aviation fuel from renewable feedstocks. The process considers the transformation of vegetable oil through hydrogenating, deoxygenating, isomerizing and selective hydrocracking to generate propane and hydrocarbons fuels. The resulting aviation fuel is very similar to the fossil one, with the only difference that the first one does not contain aromatic compounds. Due to this, the ASTM standard established the use of biojet fuel in mixtures with fossil jet fuel with up to 50% of the bio-fuel. Also, it is important to remark that in this moment the process of UOP Honeywell is the only one certified for the production of aviation fuel from renewable feedstocks. In this work we propose a model for the production of biojet fuel, obtaining an estimation of the conversion of the reactions of the process of UOP Honeywell. Also, the optimization of the purification stage is performed using a multiobjective genetic algorithm with constraints, which is coupled to Aspen Plus process simulator, in order to generate results considering the complete models of the process. Results show a high conversion of the vegetable oil (castor oil) to biofuels (biojet fuel and green diesel); also, energy can be generated in the process as result of the conditioning of the stream that is fed to the distillation train.

Transportation Energy Forecasts and Analyses for the 2011 Integrated Energy Policy Report

Transportation Energy Forecasts and Analyses for the 2011 Integrated Energy Policy Report
Draft Staff Report

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biokerosene

Biokerosene
Status and Prospects

by Martin Kaltschmitt,Ulf Neuling

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-08-09
  • Pages : 758
  • ISBN : 3662530651
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a detailed overview of aspects related to the overall provision chain for biokerosene as part of the global civil aviation business. Starting with a review of the current market situation for aviation fuels and airplanes and their demands, it then presents in-depth descriptions of classical and especially new types of non-edible biomass feedstock suitable for biokerosene provision. Subsequent chapters discuss those fuel provision processes that are already available and those still under development based on various biomass feedstock materials, and present e.g. an overview of the current state of the art in the production of a liquid biomass-based fuel fulfilling the specifications for kerosene. Further, given the growing interest of the aviation industry and airlines in biofuels for aviation, the experiences of an air-carrier are presented. In closing, the book provides a market outlook for biokerosene. Addressing a broad range of aspects related to the pros and cons of biokerosene as a renewable fuel for aviation, the book offers a unique resource.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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United States Code Congressional and Administrative News

United States Code Congressional and Administrative News
A Book

by United States

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transport, Energy and CO2

Transport, Energy and CO2
Moving Toward Sustainability

by International Energy Agency,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

  • Publisher : Organization for Economic
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Car ownership is set to triple by 2050, trucking activity will double and air travel could increase fourfold. This book examines how to enable mobility without accelerating climate change. it finds that if changes are made to the way people travel, adoption of technologies to improve vehicle efficiency and a shift to low-CO2 fuels, it is possible to move onto a different pathway where transport CO2 emissions by 2050 are far below current levels, at costs that are lower than many assume. the report discusses the prospects for shifting more travel to the most efficient modes and reducing travel growth rates, improving vehicle fuel efficiency by up to 50% using cost-effective, incremental technologies, and moving toward electricity, hydrogen, and advanced biofuels to achieve a more secure and sustainable transport future. If governments implement strong policies to achieve this scenario, transport can play its role and dramatically reduce CO2 emissions by 2050.

New Scientist

New Scientist
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Production of Soladiesel RD® from Cellulosic Feedstocks

Production of Soladiesel RD® from Cellulosic Feedstocks
Final Project Report

by Penelope R. Chua,Solazyme, Inc

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 36
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Development of Analytic Methodologies to Incorporate Renewable Energy in Domestic Energy and Economic Planning

Development of Analytic Methodologies to Incorporate Renewable Energy in Domestic Energy and Economic Planning
A Book

by Dūangc̆hai Z ZInthraprawit

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cities, Towns & Renewable Energy

Cities, Towns & Renewable Energy
Yes in My Front Yard

by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,International Energy Agency

  • Publisher : Organization for Economic
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book includes several case studies chosen to illustrate how enhanced deployment of renewable energy projects can result from local policy regardless of a community's size or location.

2011-2012 Investment Plan for the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program

2011-2012 Investment Plan for the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program
Committee Draft Report

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy

Energy
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A selection of annotated references to unclassified reports and journal articles that were introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system and announced in Scientific and technical aerospace reports (STAR) and International aerospace abstracts (IAA).

Energy: A Continuing Bibliography with Indexes

Energy: A Continuing Bibliography with Indexes
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Citation Study of the NIH Peer Review Process

A Citation Study of the NIH Peer Review Process
A Book

by Grace M. Carter

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 29
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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ICAO Journal

ICAO Journal
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Official magazine of international civil aviation.