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Properties of Polymers

Properties of Polymers
Their Correlation with Chemical Structure; their Numerical Estimation and Prediction from Additive Group Contributions

by D.W. van Krevelen,Klaas te Nijenhuis

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2009-02-09
  • Pages : 1030
  • ISBN : 9780080915104
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This authoritative, widely cited book has been used all over the world. Properties of Polymers, Fourth Edition incorporates the latest developments in the field while maintaining the core objectives of previous editions: to correlate properties with chemical structure and to describe methods that permit the estimation and prediction of numerical properties from chemical structure, i.e. nearly all properties of the solid, liquid, and dissolved states of polymers. Extends coverage of critical topics such as electrical and magnetic properties, rheological properties of polymer melts, and environmental behavior and failure Discusses liquid crystalline polymers across chapters 6, 15, and 16 for greater breadth and depth of coverage Increases the number of supporting illustrations from approximately 250 (in the previous edition) to more than 400 to further aid in visual understanding

Electrical Properties of Polymers

Electrical Properties of Polymers
A Book

by A. R. Blythe,Tony Blythe,David Bloor

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2005-06-10
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9780521552196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive update on the fundamentals and recent advancements of electrical properties of polymers.

Electrical Properties of Polymers

Electrical Properties of Polymers
A Book

by Evaristo Riande,Ricardo Diaz-Calleja

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2004-05-21
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 9781420030471
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrical Properties of Polymers describes the electric phenomena responsible for determining the chemical and supramolecular structure of polymers and polymeric materials. The authors explore the properties of quasi-static dipoles, reviewing Brownian motion, Debye theory, Langevin and Smoluchowski equations, and the Onsager model. This reference displays Maxwell and entropy equations, along with several others, that depict the thermodynamics of dielectric relaxation. Featuring end-of-chapter problems and useful appendices, the book reviews molecular dynamics simulations of dynamic dielectric properties and inspects mean-square dipole moments of gases, liquids, polymers, and fixed conformations.

Viscoelastic Properties of Polymers

Viscoelastic Properties of Polymers
A Book

by John D. Ferry

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1980-09-16
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 9780471048947
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Viscoelastic behavior reflects the combined viscous and elastic responses, under mechanical stress, of materials which are intermediate between liquids and solids in character. Polymers the basic materials of the rubber and plastic industries and important to the textile, petroleum, automobile, paper, and pharmaceutical industries as well exhibit viscoelasticity to a pronounced degree. Their viscoelastic properties determine the mechanical performance of the final products of these industries, and also the success of processing methods at intermediate stages of production. Viscoelastic Properties of Polymers examines, in detail, the effects of the many variables on which the basic viscoelastic properties depend. These include temperature, pressure, and time; polymer chemical composition, molecular weight and weight distribution, branching and crystallinity; dilution with solvents or plasticizers; and mixture with other materials to form composite systems. With guidance by molecular theory, the dependence of viscoelastic properties on these variables can be simplified by introducing certain ancillary concepts such as the fractional free volume, the monomeric friction coefficient, and the spacing between entanglement loci, to provide a qualitative understanding and in many cases a quantitative prediction of how to achieve desired results. The phenomenological theory of viscoelasticity which permits interrelation of the results of different types of experiments is presented first, with many useful approximation procedures for calculations given. A wide variety of experimental methods is then described, with critical evaluation of their applicability to polymeric materials of different consistencies and in different regions of the time scale (or, for oscillating deformations, the frequency scale). A review of the present state of molecular theory follows, so that viscoelasticity can be related to the motions of flexible polymer molecules and their entanglements and network junctions. The dependence of viscoestic properties on temperature and pressure, and its descriptions using reduced variables, are discussed in detail. Several chapters are then devoted to the dependence of viscoelastic properties on chemical composition, molecular weight, presence of diluents, and other features, for several characteristic classes of polymer materials. Finally, a few examples are given to illustrate the many potential applications of these principles to practical problems in the processing and use of rubbers, plastics, and fibers, and in the control of vibration and noise. The third edition has been brought up to date to reflect the important developments, in a decade of exceptionally active research, which have led to a wider use of polymers, and a wider recognition of the importance and range of application of viscoelastic properties. Additional data have been incorporated, and the book s chapters on dilute solutions, theory of undiluted polymers, plateau and terminal zones, cross-linked polymers, and concentrated solutions have been extensively rewritten to take into account new theories and new experimental results. Technical managers and research workers in the wide range of industries in which polymers play an important role will find that the book provides basic information for practical applications, and graduate students in chemistry and engineering will find, in its illustrations with real data and real numbers, an accessible introduction to the principles of viscoelasticity.

Polymer Engineering Science and Viscoelasticity

Polymer Engineering Science and Viscoelasticity
An Introduction

by Hal F. Brinson,L. Catherine Brinson

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-01-24
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 1489974857
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a unified mechanics and materials perspective on polymers: both the mathematics of viscoelasticity theory as well as the physical mechanisms behind polymer deformation processes. Introductory material on fundamental mechanics is included to provide a continuous baseline for readers from all disciplines. Introductory material on the chemical and molecular basis of polymers is also included, which is essential to the understanding of the thermomechanical response. This self-contained text covers the viscoelastic characterization of polymers including constitutive modeling, experimental methods, thermal response, and stress and failure analysis. Example problems are provided within the text as well as at the end of each chapter. New to this edition: · One new chapter on the use of nano-material inclusions for structural polymer applications and applications such as fiber-reinforced polymers and adhesively bonded structures · Brings up-to-date polymer production and sales data and equipment and procedures for evaluating polymer characterization and classification · The work serves as a comprehensive reference for advanced seniors seeking graduate level courses, first and second year graduate students, and practicing engineers

Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites, Second Edition

Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites, Second Edition
A Book

by Robert F. Landel,Lawrence E. Nielsen

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1993-12-14
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN : 9780824789640
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text, now in its second edition, offers an up-to-date, expanded treatment of the behaviour of polymers with regard to material variables and test and use conditions. It highlights general principles, useful empirical rules and practical equations.;Detailing the specific behaviour of many common polymers, the text: places emphasis on time and frequency dependence over temperature dependence; uses contemporary molecular mechanisms to explain creep, stress relaxation, constant strain rate responses and crazing; provides explicit equations to predict responses; supplies a discussion of large deformation multiaxial responses; compares statistical and continuum theories on the same data set; and updates stress-strain behaviour and particulate filled systems.

Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook

Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook
A Book

by James E. Mark

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-03-21
  • Pages : 1076
  • ISBN : 0387690026
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers concise information on the properties of polymeric materials, particularly those most relevant to physical chemistry and chemical physics. Extensive updates and revisions to each chapter include eleven new chapters on novel polymeric structures, reinforcing phases in polymers, and experiments on single polymer chains. The study of complex materials is highly interdisciplinary, and new findings are scattered among a large selection of scientific and engineering journals. This book brings together data from experts in the different disciplines contributing to the rapidly growing area of polymers and complex materials.

Low-Temperature Properties of Polymers

Low-Temperature Properties of Polymers
A Book

by I. Perepechko

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN : 1483158004
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Low-Temperature Properties of Polymers systematizes the available materials on polymers. This book also describes the main trends in the investigation of interrelated properties of polymers, such as thermal (heat capacity, thermal conductivity, and thermal expansion), acoustical, dielectric, and viscoelastic, which maintain the physical properties of polymers at low temperatures. Comprised of nine chapters, this book first covers heat capacity of polymers at low temperature, and then tackles thermal conductivity of polymers at low temperatures. Chapter 3 discusses thermal expansion of polymers at low temperatures, and Chapter 4 tackles electrical properties of polymers at low temperatures. The fifth chapter covers nuclear magnetic resonance in polymers at low temperature, while the succeeding chapter encompasses dynamic mechanical properties of polymers at low temperatures. Chapter 7 concerns itself with the acoustical properties of polymers at low temperatures, while the succeeding chapter covers viscoelastic parameters of polymers at low temperatures. The closing chapter covers how to determine the thermophysical characteristics of polymers by acoustic measurement at helium temperature. This book will be of great interest to researchers or professionals whose line of work involves the manipulation and understanding of the properties of polymers.

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2020-09-09
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128197293
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers examines the effects of radiation on plastics and elastomers. Polymers are required in products or parts for a range of cutting-edge applications that are exposed to radiation, in areas such as space, medicine, and radiation processing. This book focuses on the effects of radiation exposure within that environment, providing in-depth data coverage organized by category of polymer. Aspects such as radiation impact on mechanical and thermal properties, including glass transition and heat deflection temperatures, are described, demonstrating how changes in these properties affect the performance of plastic or elastomer parts. The effect of radiation on electrical properties is also included. Supporting introductory chapters explain the key concepts of radiation, including the physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of plastics and elastomers. This is a vital resource for plastics engineers, product designers, and R&D professionals, working on products or parts for radioactive environments, as well as engineers and scientists in the medical, nuclear, and radiation processing industries. The book also supports researchers and scientists in plastics engineering, polymer processing and properties, polymer and coatings chemistry, materials science, and radiation. Brings together highly valuable data on the effect of radiation on the properties of polymers and elastomers Enables the reader to compare properties and to select the best possible materials for specific applications Supported by detailed explanations and analysis, ensuring that the reader understands how to interpret and utilize the data

Modification of Polymer Properties

Modification of Polymer Properties
A Book

by Carlos Federico Jasso-Gastinel,José M. Kenny

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2016-09-14
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 0323443982
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modification of Polymer Properties provides, for the first time, in one title, the latest information on gradient IPNs and gradient copolymers. The book covers the broad range of polymer modification routes in a fresh, current view representing a timely addition to the technical literature of this important area. Historically, blends, copolymers, or filled polymers have been developed to meet specific properties, or to optimize the cost/properties relationship. Using the gradient structure approach with conventional radical polymerization, it has been shown that it is possible to optimize properties if appropriate gradients in the composition of copolymer chains are obtained. An overview of the gradient structure approach for designing polymers has not appeared in the recent literature and this title covers the different methods used to modify properties, offering the whole range of ways to modify polymers in just one volume and making this an attractive option for a wide audience of practitioners. The approach for each chapter is to explain the fundamental principles of preparation, cover properties modification, describe future research and applications as examples of materials that may be prepared for specific applications, or that are already in use, in present day applications. The book is for readers that have a basic background in polymer science, as well as those interested in the different ways to combine or modify polymer properties. Provides an integrated view on how to modify polymer properties Presents the entire panorama of polymer properties modification in one reference, covering the essential information in each topic Includes the optimization of properties using gradients in polymers composition or structure

Prediction of Polymer Properties

Prediction of Polymer Properties
A Book

by Jozef Bicerano

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2002-08-01
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 0203910117
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Highlighting a broad range multiscale modeling and methods for anticipating the morphologies and the properties of interfaces and multiphase materials, this reference covers the methodology of predicting polymer properties and its potential application to a wider variety of polymer types than previously thought possible. A comprehensive source, the

Optical Properties of Polymers

Optical Properties of Polymers
A Book

by G.H. Meeten

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1986-10-31
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Properties of Polymers: Correlations with Chemical Structure

Properties of Polymers: Correlations with Chemical Structure
A Book

by Dirk Willem Krevelen,Pieter Jan Hoftyzer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 427
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanical Properties of Polymers based on Nanostructure and Morphology

Mechanical Properties of Polymers based on Nanostructure and Morphology
A Book

by G. H. Michler,F. J. Baltá-Calleja

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2005-05-27
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 9781574447712
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The improvement of strength and durability in polymers has implications relevant to industrial, medical, and household applications. Enhanced by the improved knowledge of the interactions between complex hierarchical structures and functional requirements, Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology focuses on new polymer materials that possess a combination of improved mechanical and other physical properties. This book specifies techniques used in structural and morphological characterization, discusses crazing and molecular variables of fracture behavior, and clarifies various modes of deformation mechanisms and orientation processes for semicrystalline polymers, block copolymers, and composites. The volume examines microindentation hardness studies and mechanisms of toughness enhancement for particle modified, amorphous and semicrystalline polymers and blends using model analysis. Experts in the field present innovations that illustrate new aspects of manufacturing, structure development, and properties of practical relevance in nanoparticle-filled thermoplastic polymers and the applications of carbon nanotube and nanofiber reinforced polymer systems. Other topics discussed in the book include alternative methods of polymer modification based on micro- and nanolayered polymers and hot compaction of oriented fibers and tapes. This book reflects the continuing research of mechanisms contributing to the structure-function relationship of nanostructured polymers and nanocomposites. Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology presents effective ways to combine improved mechanical and physical properties in polymers and form new, performance-enhanced composite materials.

Transport Properties in Polymers

Transport Properties in Polymers
A Book

by Jiri Stastna

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1995-03-01
  • Pages : 303
  • ISBN : 9781566762823
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From the Authors Introduction Diffusion is one of the few manageable nonequilibrium pro- cesses during which matter is transported through a system. Traditionally, diffusion is studied in physical chemistry; however, the fundamental understanding of diffusion processes is not possible without involving statistical physics. Diffusion in disordered systems, such as in polymers, has sometimes unexpected features, the nature of which has not yet been determined. Since modern technology involves more and more complex materials which rely on a subtle balance of microscopic effects, the understanding of diffusion processes in these materials is of paramount importance from the practical point of view. A renewed interest in the basic principles of diffusion is a direct result of new experimental data. This was a contributing factor in the preparation of this text. In the first chapter, the phenomenological thermodynamic basics of diffusion is reviewed, and the diffusion equation is derived from the principles of irreversible thermodynamics. The basic mathematical apparatus for solving diffusion equations is reviewed in the second chapter. The third chapter deals mainly with the vast amount of experimental data dealing with diffusion in polymers. . . . A reader interested in particular polymeric systems can use the . . . material as a useful introduction. The last chapter contains basic information concerning random walks and their application to the diffusion in disordered systems. The theory of random walks is widely used in polymer physics where it is usually combined with statistical mechanics to formulate various models of polymeric systems. Finally, useful mathematical formulas and references to the original sources of some mathematical methods are [provided] in the appendices. Some physical constants associated with several polymer solvent systems are also presented.

Synthetic Polymers

Synthetic Polymers
Technology, Properties, Applications

by D. Feldman,A. Barbalata

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1996-05-31
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 9780412710407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Synthetic Polymers is a comprehensive introduction to the technologies involved in the synthesis of the main classes of engineering high polymers used in such materials as plastics, fibers, rubbers, foams, adhesives and coatings. Besides the basic processes, this volume includes information on physical, chemical and mechanical characteristics - key factors with respect to obtaining the right end products. It also focuses on the main application of synthetic polymers in different engineering areas and gives data on production and consumption. Over 60 technological flowcharts are presented in a clear and concise manner, to provide the reader with essential information on relevant operations.

Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology

Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology
A Book

by G H Michler,F. J. Balt-Calleja

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-08-30
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 9780367392727
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The improvement of strength and durability in polymers has implications relevant to industrial, medical, and household applications. Enhanced by the improved knowledge of the interactions between complex hierarchical structures and functional requirements, Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology focuses on new polymer materials that possess a combination of improved mechanical and other physical properties. This book specifies techniques used in structural and morphological characterization, discusses crazing and molecular variables of fracture behavior, and clarifies various modes of deformation mechanisms and orientation processes for semicrystalline polymers, block copolymers, and composites. The volume examines microindentation hardness studies and mechanisms of toughness enhancement for particle modified, amorphous and semicrystalline polymers and blends using model analysis. Experts in the field present innovations that illustrate new aspects of manufacturing, structure development, and properties of practical relevance in nanoparticle-filled thermoplastic polymers and the applications of carbon nanotube and nanofiber reinforced polymer systems. Other topics discussed in the book include alternative methods of polymer modification based on micro- and nanolayered polymers and hot compaction of oriented fibers and tapes. This book reflects the continuing research of mechanisms contributing to the structure-function relationship of nanostructured polymers and nanocomposites. Mechanical Properties of Polymers Based on Nanostructure and Morphology presents effective ways to combine improved mechanical and physical properties in polymers and form new, performance-enhanced composite materials.

Structure and Properties of Polymers

Structure and Properties of Polymers
A Book

by Herman V. Boenig

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 283
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanical Properties and Testing of Polymers

Mechanical Properties and Testing of Polymers
An A–Z Reference

by G.M. Swallowe

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-04-17
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 9401592314
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume represents a continuation of the Polymer Science and Technology series edited by Dr. D. M. Brewis and Professor D. Briggs. The theme of the series is the production of a number of stand alone volumes on various areas of polymer science and technology. Each volume contains short articles by a variety of expert contributors outlining a particular topic and these articles are extensively cross referenced. References to related topics included in the volume are indicated by bold text in the articles, the bold text being the title of the relevant article. At the end of each article there is a list of bibliographic references where interested readers can obtain further detailed information on the subject of the article. This volume was produced at the invitation of Derek Brewis who asked me to edit a text which concentrated on the mechanical properties of polymers. There are already many excellent books on the mechanical properties of polymers, and a somewhat lesser number of volumes dealing with methods of carrying out mechanical tests on polymers. Some of these books are listed in Appendix 1. In this volume I have attempted to cover basic mechanical properties and test methods as well as the theory of polymer mechanical deformation and hope that the reader will find the approach useful.

Structure and Properties of Multiphase Polymeric Materials

Structure and Properties of Multiphase Polymeric Materials
A Book

by Takeo Araki,Mitsuhiro Shibayama,Qui Tran-Cong

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1998-03-03
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9780824701420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Offers an overview of recent advances in multiphase polymeric materials, ranging from theoretical aspects of polymer miscibility and phase separation kinetics to bulk, surface and interface properties in polymeric materials. This work considers the possibility of a nondestructive methodology to investigative multiphase polymers based mainly on a scattering technique that is sensitive to changes in the phase behaviour of multicomponent polymer systems.