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Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain
Implantable Biomimetic Electronics as Neural Prostheses

by Theodore W. Berger,Dennis Glanzman

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN : 9780262025775
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The latest advances in research on intracranial implantation of hardware models of neural circuitry. The continuing development of implantable neural prostheses signals a new era in bioengineering and neuroscience research. This collection of essays outlines current advances in research on the intracranial implantation of devices that can communicate with the brain in order to restore sensory, motor, or cognitive functions. The contributors explore the creation of biologically realistic mathematical models of brain function, the production of microchips that incorporate those models, and the integration of microchip and brain function through neuron-silicon interfaces. Recent developments in understanding the computational and cognitive properties of the brain and rapid advances in biomedical and computer engineering both contribute to this cutting-edge research. The book first examines the development of sensory system prostheses--cochlear, retinal, and visual implants--as the best foundation for considering the extension of neural prostheses to the central brain region. The book then turns to the complexity of neural representations, offering, among other approaches to the topic, one of the few existing theoretical frameworks for modeling the hierarchical organization of neural systems. Next, it examines the challenges of designing and controlling the interface between neurons and silicon, considering the necessity for bidirectional communication and for multiyear duration of the implant. Finally, the book looks at hardware implementations and explores possible ways to achieve the complexity of neural function in hardware, including the use of VLSI and photonic technologies.

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1
Devices and Applications

by David Zhou,Elias Greenbaum

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-06-10
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 9780387772615
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Significant progress has been made in the development of neural prostheses to restore human functions and improve the quality of human life. Biomedical engineers and neuroscientists around the world are working to improve design and performance of existing devices and to develop novel devices for artificial vision, artificial limbs, and brain–machine interfaces. This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications,ispart one of a two-book series and describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices and their applications. Devices covered include sensory prosthetic devices, such as visual implants, cochlear implants, auditory midbrain implants, and spinal cord stimulators. Motor prosthetic devices, such as deep brain stimulators, Bion microstimu- tors, the brain control and sensing interface, and cardiac electro-stimulation devices are also included. Progress in magnetic stimulation that may offer a non-invasive approach to prosthetic devices is introduced. Regulatory approval of implantable medical devices in the United States and Europe is also discussed.

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain
Implantable Biomimetic Electronics as Neural Prostheses

by Theodore W. Berger,Dennis Glanzman

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN : 9780262025775
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The latest advances in research on intracranial implantation of hardware models of neural circuitry. The continuing development of implantable neural prostheses signals a new era in bioengineering and neuroscience research. This collection of essays outlines current advances in research on the intracranial implantation of devices that can communicate with the brain in order to restore sensory, motor, or cognitive functions. The contributors explore the creation of biologically realistic mathematical models of brain function, the production of microchips that incorporate those models, and the integration of microchip and brain function through neuron-silicon interfaces. Recent developments in understanding the computational and cognitive properties of the brain and rapid advances in biomedical and computer engineering both contribute to this cutting-edge research. The book first examines the development of sensory system prostheses--cochlear, retinal, and visual implants--as the best foundation for considering the extension of neural prostheses to the central brain region. The book then turns to the complexity of neural representations, offering, among other approaches to the topic, one of the few existing theoretical frameworks for modeling the hierarchical organization of neural systems. Next, it examines the challenges of designing and controlling the interface between neurons and silicon, considering the necessity for bidirectional communication and for multiyear duration of the implant. Finally, the book looks at hardware implementations and explores possible ways to achieve the complexity of neural function in hardware, including the use of VLSI and photonic technologies.

Bulletin of Prosthetics Research

Bulletin of Prosthetics Research
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neural Prostheses

Neural Prostheses
A Book

by Robert J. Maciunas

  • Publisher : Thieme
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 9781879284739
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neural prostheses have been used for centuries as structural replacements, in particular for injuries to the cranium. And today, neural prostheses are designed to restore a broad range of nervous system functions previously lost due to trauma or disease. While their complexity may vary from nerve conduits to prosthetic brain implants, neural devices have improved the lives of patients and broadened the scope of disabilities that can be treated. Neural Prostheses is the first comprehensive book to look at the history and recent, state-of-the-art developments of neural prostheses. Dr. Maciunas has gathered the country's leading experts in structural and functional protheses development to provide a look at the history, current use and the future of prostheses in the areas of: Spinal instrumentation as implanted neural prostheses Cranial reconstruction Angioplasty and stenting The use of indwelling of radioisotopes Chemodes Slow-release polymers for chemotherapy Cell transplantation for movement disorders Gene therapy for the treatment of CNS disease Microelectrode prostheses Cochlear implants -The use of robotics (Distributed by Thieme for the American Association of Neurological Surgeons)

Brain Machine Interfaces

Brain Machine Interfaces
Implications for Science, Clinical Practice and Society

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-08-21
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 044453816X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume follows on from the symposium "Brain Machine Interfaces - Implications for science, clinical practice and society", held on August 26th-29th 2010 in Ystad, Sweden, and features contributions from pioneers and leading scientists in the field of BMI and motor systems physiology, including spinal cord, basal ganglia and motor cortex. The wide range of topics covered include implants for mind control of prostheses and in robotics, clinical and experimental research on Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, depression and Alzheimer’s disease, cochlear implants, retinal implants, novel flexible micro- and nano-electrode implants, safety aspects including acute and chronic tissue reactions to implants and on ethical issues in DBS. Program and abstracts from the individual contributors can be found on http://www.med.lu.se/nrc/bmi_symposium. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Implantable Neural Prostheses 2

Implantable Neural Prostheses 2
Techniques and Engineering Approaches

by David Zhou,Elias Greenbaum

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-07-10
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN : 0387981209
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Signi?cant progress has been made in the development of neural prostheses for restoration of human functions and improvement of the quality of life. Biomedical engineers and neuroscientists around the world are working to improve the design and performance of existing devices and to develop novel devices for arti?cial vision, arti?cial limbs, and brain-machine interfaces. This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 2: Techniques and Engineering Approaches, is part two of a two-volume sequence that describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices. The techniques covered include biocompatibility and biostability, hermetic packaging, electrochemical techniques for neural stimulation applications, novel electrode materials and testing, thin-?lm ?exible microelectrode arrays, in situ char- terization of microelectrode arrays, chip-size thin-?lm device encapsulation, microchip-embedded capacitors and microelectronics for recording, stimulation, and wireless telemetry. The design process in the development of medical devices is also discussed. Advances in biomedical engineering, microfabrication technology, and neu- science have led to improved medical-device designs and novel functions. However, many challenges remain. This book focuses on the engineering approaches, R&D advances, and technical challenges of medical implants from an engineering p- spective. We are grateful to leading researchers from academic institutes, national laboratories, as well as design engineers and professionals from the medical device industry who have contributed to the book. Part one of this series covers designs of implantable neural prosthetic devices and their clinical applications.

Top Brain, Bottom Brain

Top Brain, Bottom Brain
Harnessing the Power of the Four Cognitive Modes

by Stephen Kosslyn,G. Wayne Miller

  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release : 2015-03-31
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1451645112
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Revised edition of the authors' Top brain, bottom brain: surprising insights into how you think, published in 2013.

Brain-Computer Interfaces

Brain-Computer Interfaces
An international assessment of research and development trends

by Theodore W. Berger,John K. Chapin,Greg A. Gerhardt,Dennis J. McFarland,Jose C. Principe,Walid V. Soussou,Dawn M. Taylor,Patrick A. Tresco

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-09-18
  • Pages : 281
  • ISBN : 1402087055
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We have come to know that our ability to survive and grow as a nation to a very large degree depends upon our scientific progress. Moreover, it is not enough simply to keep 1 abreast of the rest of the world in scientific matters. We must maintain our leadership. President Harry Truman spoke those words in 1950, in the aftermath of World War II and in the midst of the Cold War. Indeed, the scientific and engineering leadership of the United States and its allies in the twentieth century played key roles in the successful outcomes of both World War II and the Cold War, sparing the world the twin horrors of fascism and totalitarian communism, and fueling the economic prosperity that followed. Today, as the United States and its allies once again find themselves at war, President Truman’s words ring as true as they did a half-century ago. The goal set out in the Truman Administration of maintaining leadership in science has remained the policy of the U. S. Government to this day: Dr. John Marburger, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology (OSTP) in the Executive Office of the President, made remarks to that effect during his 2 confirmation hearings in October 2001. The United States needs metrics for measuring its success in meeting this goal of maintaining leadership in science and technology. That is one of the reasons that the National Science Foundation (NSF) and many other agencies of the U. S.

Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function

Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function
A Book

by John K. Chapin,Karen A. Moxon

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2000-09-27
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 1420039059
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The prospect of interfacing the nervous system with electronic devices to stimulate or record from neural tissue suggests numerous possibilities in the field of neuroprosthetics. While the creation of a "six million dollar man" may still be far into the future, neural prostheses are rapidly becoming viable theories for a broad range of patients wit

3rd Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering 2006

3rd Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering 2006
Biomed 2006, 11-14 December 2006, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

by F. Ibrahim,N.A. Abu Osman,J. Usman,N.A. Kadri

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-04-28
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN : 9783540680178
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (BioMed 2006) was held in December 2006 at the Palace of the Golden Horses, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The papers presented at BioMed 2006, and published here, cover such topics as Artificial Intelligence, Biological effects of non-ionising electromagnetic fields, Biomaterials, Biomechanics, Biomedical Sensors, Biomedical Signal Analysis, Biotechnology, Clinical Engineering, Human performance engineering, Imaging, Medical Informatics, Medical Instruments and Devices, and many more.

Nanobiotechnology, Nanomedicine and Human Enhancement

Nanobiotechnology, Nanomedicine and Human Enhancement
A Book

by Johann S. Ach,Beate Lüttenberg

  • Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 3825808068
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Smart Prosthetics

Smart Prosthetics
Exploring Assistive Devices for the Body and Mind: Task Group Summaries

by The National Academies,Conference, Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center of the National Academies, Irvine, California, November 9-11, 2006

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2007-04-08
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN : 0309104661
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 2006 conference, “Smart Prosthetics: Exploring Assistive Devices for the Body and Mind,†attracted scientists, engineers and medical researchers to participate in a series of task groups to develop research plans to address various challenges within the prosthetics field. Eleven conference task groups gave the participants eight hours to develop new research approaches to various challenges, including: build a smart prosthesis that will grow with a child; develop a smart prosthetic that can learn better and/or faster; refine technologies to create active orthotic devices; and describe a framework for replacing damaged cortical tissue and fostering circuit integration to restore neurological function. Representatives from public and private funding organizations, government, industry, and the science media also participated in the task groups. This book provides a summary of the conference task groups. For more information about the conference, visit the Smart Prosthetics conference site. The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative was launched in 2003 to stimulate new modes of scientific inquiry and break down the conceptual and institutional barriers to interdisciplinary research. The National Academies and the W.M. Keck Foundation believe considerable scientific progress and social benefit will be achieved by providing a counterbalance to the tendency to isolate research within academic fields. The Futures Initiative is designed to enable researchers from different disciplines to focus on new questions upon which they can base entirely new research, and to encourage better communication between scientists as well as between the scientific community and the public. Funded by a $40 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation, the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative is a 15-year effort to catalyze interdisciplinary inquiry and to enhance communication among researchers, funding agencies, universities, and the general public with the object of stimulating interdisciplinary research at the most exciting frontiers. The Futures Initiative builds on three pillars of vital and sustained research: interdisciplinary encounters that counterbalance specialization and isolation; the identification and exploration of new research topics; and communication that bridges languages, cultures, habits of thought, and institutions. Toward these goals, the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative incorporates three core activities each year: Futures conferences, Futures grants, and National Academies Communication Awards. For more information about the Initiative, visit www.keckfutures.org.

Artificial Parts, Practical Lives

Artificial Parts, Practical Lives
Modern Histories of Prosthetics

by Katherine Ott,David Serlin,Stephen Mihm

  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Release : 2002-04-01
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN : 0814737951
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From the wooden teeth of George Washington to the Bly prosthesis, popular in the 1860s and boasting easy uniform motions of the limb, to today's lifelike approximations, prosthetic devices reveal the extent to which the evolution and design of technologies of the body are intertwined with both the practical and subjective needs of human beings. The peculiar history of prosthetic devices sheds light on the relationship between technological change and the civilizing process of modernity, and analyzes the concrete materials of prosthetics which carry with them ideologies of body, ideals, body politics, and culture. Simultaneously critiquing, historicizing, and theorizing prosthetics, Artificial Parts, Practical Lives lays out a balanced and complex picture of its subject, neither vilifying nor celebrating the merger of flesh and machine.

Intervening in the Brain

Intervening in the Brain
Changing Psyche and Society

by Reinhard Merkel,G. Boer,J. Fegert,T. Galert,D. Hartmann,B. Nuttin,S. Rosahl

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-07-28
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 3540464778
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The wealth of insights into the brain’s functioning gained by neuroscience in recent years led to the development of new possibilities for intervening in the brain such as neurotransplantation, neural prostheses and brain stimulation techniques. Moreover, new and safer classes of psychopharmaceutical drugs lend themselves to neuroenhancement applications, i.e. they could be used to enhance cognitive capacities or emotional well-being without therapeutic need. This book offers extensive state-of-the-art accounts for these novel kinds of intervention, indicates future developments, and discusses the relevant philosophical, ethical and legal issues.

We Are Our Brains

We Are Our Brains
A Neurobiography of the Brain, from the Womb to Alzheimer's

by D. F. Swaab

  • Publisher : Spiegel & Grau
  • Release : 2014-01-07
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0679644377
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A vivid account of what makes us human. Based groundbreaking new research, We Are Our Brains is a sweeping biography of the human brain, from infancy to adulthood to old age. Renowned neuroscientist D. F. Swaab takes us on a guided tour of the intricate inner workings that determine our potential, our limitations, and our desires, with each chapter serving as an eye-opening window on a different stage of brain development: the gender differences that develop in the embryonic brain, what goes on in the heads of adolescents, how parenthood permanently changes the brain. Moving beyond pure biological understanding, Swaab presents a controversial and multilayered ethical argument surrounding the brain. Far from possessing true free will, Swaab argues, we have very little control over our everyday decisions, or who we will become, because our brains predetermine everything about us, long before we are born, from our moral character to our religious leanings to whom we fall in love with. And he challenges many of our prevailing assumptions about what makes us human, decoding the intricate “moral networks” that allow us to experience emotion, revealing maternal instinct to be the result of hormonal changes in the pregnant brain, and exploring the way that religious “imprinting” shapes the brain during childhood. Rife with memorable case studies, We Are Our Brains is already a bestselling international phenomenon. It aims to demystify the chemical and genetic workings of our most mysterious organ, in the process helping us to see who we are through an entirely new lens. Did you know? • The father’s brain is affected in pregnancy as well as the mother’s. • The withdrawal symptoms we experience at the end of a love affair mirror chemical addiction. • Growing up bilingual reduces the likelihood of Alzheimer’s. • Parental religion is imprinted on our brains during early development, much as our native language is. Praise for We Are Our Brains “Swaab’s ‘neurobiography’ is witty, opinionated, passionate, and, above all, cerebral.”—Booklist (starred review) “A fascinating survey . . . Swaab employs both personal and scientific observation in near-equal measure.”—Publishers Weekly (starred review) “A cogent, provocative account of how twenty-first-century ‘neuroculture’ has the potential to effect profound medical and social change.”—Kirkus Reviews

The Illustrated Guide to Assistive Technology & Devices

The Illustrated Guide to Assistive Technology & Devices
Tools And Gadgets For Living Independently

by Suzanne Robitaille

  • Publisher : Demos Medical Publishing
  • Release : 2009-12-08
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9781935281719
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Doody's Core Title 2012 This new illustrated guide to assistive technologies and devices chronicles the use of AT/AD - technology used by individuals with disabilities to perform functions that might otherwise be difficult or impossible. This book empowers people to use assistive technologies to overcome some of their physical or mental limitations and have a more equal playing field. It includes real-life examples about how people with disabilities are using assistive technology (AT) to assist them in daily tasks, and discusses emotional issues related to AT/AD.

Textbook of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery

Textbook of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
A Book

by Andres M. Lozano,Philip L. Gildenberg,Ronald R. Tasker

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-06-22
  • Pages : 3288
  • ISBN : 3540699597
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers stereotactic principles as well as functional stereotaxis, covering the history and uses of the techniques, treatments for specific conditions, and future developments. Includes a DVD demonstrating surgical procedures.

Neural Computation, Neural Devices, and Neural Prosthesis

Neural Computation, Neural Devices, and Neural Prosthesis
A Book

by Zhi Yang

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2014-04-15
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN : 1461481511
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the past decades, interdisciplinary investigations overlapping biology, medicine, information science, and engineering have formed a very exciting and active field that attracts scientists, medical doctors, and engineers with knowledge in different domains. A few examples of such investigations include neural prosthetic implants that aim to improve the quality of life for patients suffering from neurologic disease and injury; brain machine interfaces that sense, analyze, and translate electrical signals from the brain to build closed-loop, biofeedback systems; and fundamental studies of intelligence, cognitive functions, and psychological behaviors correlated to their neurological basis. Although this interdisciplinary area is still in its infancy, it can potentially create some of the most significant impact: treating diseases that are considered untreatable, interpretation and communication of neuron ensembles, or even a revolutionary perception and understanding of life different from philosophical or immaterial approaches. Fortunately, several academic societies recognize the value and impact of this growing field, firmly supporting related research. Such support will drive a booming future in the next twenty or thirty years. Research in this area is frequently project-driven, and the generated knowledge has been scattered in different fields of neuroscience, computation, material and technology, circuits and system, clinical reports, and psychology—the scope considerably across the boundary of traditionally defined disciplines. Neural Computation, Neural Devices, and Neural Prosthesis is intended to assemble such knowledge, from there suggesting a systematic approach guiding future educational and research activities. The targeted audience includes both students and researchers.

Neuroprosthetics

Neuroprosthetics
Theory and Practice

by Kenneth W. Horch,Gurpreet S. Dhillon

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 1261
  • ISBN : 9789812380227
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A study of neuroprosthetics. It is broadly divided into three sections which address: neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, biomaterials and biocompatibility, stimulation and recording techniques; clinical applications of neuroprosthetics; and future developments.