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Psychophysics

Psychophysics
A Practical Introduction

by Frederick A.A. Kingdom,Nicolaas Prins

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-01-04
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 0080993818
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychophysics: A Practical Introduction, Second Edition, is the primary scientific tool for understanding how the physical world of colors, sounds, odors, movements, and shapes translates into the sensory world of sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell; in other words, how matter translates into mind. This timely revision provides a unique introduction to the techniques for researching and understanding how the brain translates the external physical world to the internal world of sensation. The revision expands and refines coverage of the basic tools of psychophysics research and better integrates the theory with the supporting software. The new edition continues to be the only book to combine, in a single volume, the principles underlying the science of psychophysical measurement and the practical tools necessary to analyze data from psychophysical experiments. The book, written in a tutorial style, will appeal to new researchers as well as to seasoned veterans. This introduction to psychophysics research methods will be of interest to students, scholars and researchers within sensory neuroscience, vision research, behavioral neuroscience, and the cognitive sciences. Presents a large variety of analytical methods explained for the non-expert Provides a novel classification scheme for psychophysics experiments Includes a new software package for collecting and analyzing psychophysical data Disseminates the pros and cons of different psychophysical procedures Contains practical tips for designing psychophysical experiments

Psychophysics

Psychophysics
Method and Theory

by George A. Gescheider

  • Publisher : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 177
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Physics and Psychophysics of Music

The Physics and Psychophysics of Music
An Introduction

by Juan G. Roederer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book deals with the physical systems and physiological processes that intervene in music. It analyzes what objective, physical properties of sound are associated with what subjective psychological sensations of music, and it describes how these sound patterns are actually generated in musical instruments, how they propagate through the environment, and how they are detected by the ear and interpreted in the brain. Using the precise language of science, but without complicated mathematics, the author weaves a close mesh of the physics, psychophysics and physiology relevant to music. A prior knowledge of physics, mathematics, physiology or psychology is not required to understand most of the book; it is, however, assumed that the reader is familiar with music - in particular, with musical notation, musical scales and intervals, and some of the basics of musical instruments. --From publisher's description.

Psychophysics

Psychophysics
The Fundamentals

by George A. Gescheider

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2013-06-17
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN : 1134801297
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This third edition of a classic text which was first published in 1976 is the only comprehensive, up-to-date presentation of psychophysics currently available. It has been used by undergraduate and graduate students, and scholars throughout the world and is consistently thought of as the best single source for learning the basic principles of psychophysics. The coverage of the field is comprehensive, including topics ranging from the classical methods of threshold measurement, to the modern methods of detection theory, to psychophysical scaling of sensation magnitude. The approach is one in which methods, theories, and applications are described for each experimental procedure. New features found in this third edition include: * methodological and theoretical contributions made in the field during this time period, * descriptions of adaptive procedures for measuring thresholds, context effects in scaling, theory of quantal fluctuations, multidimensional scaling, nonmetric scaling of sensory differences, and the relationship between the size of the DL and the slope of the sensation magnitude function, * new methods for measuring the observer's sensitivity of criterion and an expanded discussion of category scaling including the range frequency model and verbally labeled categories, and * methods used to control the observer's nonlinear use of numbers in magnitude estimation such as line-length scaling, magnitude matching, master scaling, and category-ratio scaling.

Visual Psychophysics

Visual Psychophysics
From Laboratory to Theory

by Zhong-Lin Lu,Barbara Dosher

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2013-10-11
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0262019450
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive treatment of the skills and techniques needed for visual psychophysics, from basic tools to sophisticated data analysis. Vision is one of the most active areas in biomedical research, and visual psychophysical techniques are a foundational methodology for this research enterprise. Visual psychophysics, which studies the relationship between the physical world and human behavior, is a classical field of study that has widespread applications in modern vision science. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, this textbook provides a comprehensive treatment of visual psychophysics, teaching not only basic techniques but also sophisticated data analysis methodologies and theoretical approaches. It begins with practical information about setting up a vision lab and goes on to discuss the creation, manipulation, and display of visual images; timing and integration of displays with measurements of brain activities and other relevant techniques; experimental designs; estimation of behavioral functions; and examples of psychophysics in applied and clinical settings. The book's treatment of experimental designs presents the most commonly used psychophysical paradigms, theory-driven psychophysical experiments, and the analysis of these procedures in a signal-detection theory framework. The book discusses the theoretical underpinnings of data analysis and scientific interpretation, presenting data analysis techniques that include model fitting, model comparison, and a general framework for optimized adaptive testing methods. It includes many sample programs in Matlab with functions from Psychtoolbox, a free toolbox for real-time experimental control. Once students and researchers have mastered the material in this book, they will have the skills to apply visual psychophysics to cutting-edge vision science.

Visual Psychophysics

Visual Psychophysics
A Book

by Dorothea Jameson,L.M. Hurvich

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-07-01
  • Pages : 812
  • ISBN : 9783642886607
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume on Visual Psychophysics documents the current status of research aimed toward understanding the intricacies of the visual mechanism and its laws of operation in intact human perceivers. As can be seen from the list of contributors, the problems of vision engage the interest and experimental ingenuity of investi gators from a variety of disciplines. Thus we find authors affiliated with depart ments of biology, medical and physiological physics, ophthalmology, physics, physiology and anatomy, psychology, laboratories of neurophysiology, medical clinics, schools of optometry, visual and othcr types of research institutes. A continuing interplay between psychophysical studies and physiological work is everywhere evident. As more information about the physiological basis of vision accumulates, and new studies and analyses of receptor photochemistry and the neurophysiology of retina and brain appear, psychophysical studies of the intact organism become more sharply focused, sometimes more complex, and often more specialized. Technological advances have increased the variety and precision of the stimulus controls, and advances in measurement techniques have reopened old problems and stimulated the investigation of new ones. In some cases, new concepts are being drawn in to help further our under standing of the laws by which the visual mechanism operates; in other cases, ideas enunciated long ago have been reevaluated, developed more fully, and reified in terms of converging evidence from both psychophysical experiments and unit recordings from visual cells.

Elements of Psychophysics

Elements of Psychophysics
A Book

by Gustav Theodor Fechner

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1966
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Visual Psychophysics

Visual Psychophysics
A Book

by Dorothea Jameson,L.M. Hurvich

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 812
  • ISBN : 3642886582
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume on Visual Psychophysics documents the current status of research aimed toward understanding the intricacies of the visual mechanism and its laws of operation in intact human perceivers. As can be seen from the list of contributors, the problems of vision engage the interest and experimental ingenuity of investi gators from a variety of disciplines. Thus we find authors affiliated with depart ments of biology, medical and physiological physics, ophthalmology, physics, physiology and anatomy, psychology, laboratories of neurophysiology, medical clinics, schools of optometry, visual and othcr types of research institutes. A continuing interplay between psychophysical studies and physiological work is everywhere evident. As more information about the physiological basis of vision accumulates, and new studies and analyses of receptor photochemistry and the neurophysiology of retina and brain appear, psychophysical studies of the intact organism become more sharply focused, sometimes more complex, and often more specialized. Technological advances have increased the variety and precision of the stimulus controls, and advances in measurement techniques have reopened old problems and stimulated the investigation of new ones. In some cases, new concepts are being drawn in to help further our under standing of the laws by which the visual mechanism operates; in other cases, ideas enunciated long ago have been reevaluated, developed more fully, and reified in terms of converging evidence from both psychophysical experiments and unit recordings from visual cells.

Psychophysics

Psychophysics
Introduction to Its Perceptual, Neural and Social Prospects

by S.S. Stevens

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-09-29
  • Pages : 343
  • ISBN : 1351495887
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychophysics is a lively account by one of experimental psychology's seminal figures of his lifelong scientific quest for general laws governing human behavior. It is a landmark work that captures the fundamental themes of Stevens's experimental research and his vision of what psycho-physics and psychology are and can be. The context of this modern classic is detailed by Lawrence Marks's pungent and highly revealing introduction. The search for a general psychophysical law—a mathematical equation relating sensation to stimulus—pervades this work, first published in 1975. Stevens covers methods of measuring human psychophysical behavior: magnitude estimation, magnitude production, and cross-modality matching are used to examine sensory mechanisms, perceptual processes, and social consensus. The wisdom in this volume lies in its exposition of an approach that can apply generally to the study of human behavior

Psychophysics

Psychophysics
A Book

by Stanley Smith Stevens

  • Publisher : Transaction Publishers
  • Release : 1975
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1412832330
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychophysics

Psychophysics
Method, Theory, and Application

by George A. Gescheider,Professor of Psychology George A Gescheider

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 295
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The problems of psychophysics -- the scientific study of the relationship between stimulus and sensation -- constitute some of the most basic problems of modern psychology. This book introduces students to the fundamentals of classical and modern psychophysics.

Psychophysics in Action

Psychophysics in Action
A Book

by Gunilla Ljunggren,Stan Dornic

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 364274382X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gunnar A. V. Borg was born in Stockholm on 28. November 1927. Educated at Stockholm University, he obtained his Ph. D. from the University of Lund in 1962. Subsequently he held various teaching and research appointments at the University of Umea in northern Sweden, where he also served as President of the Graduate School of Social Work and Public Administration in 1966-1967. In 1971 he was appointed Professor at Stockholm University, where he headed the Institute of Applied Psychology for over a decade. Since 1980 he has been at Stockholm University's Department of Psychology, and in 1987 he received a Professorship in Perception and Psychophysics. Over the last 20 years he has held several visiting appointments abroad, particularly in the USA, and has lectured at many universi ties both in and outside Europe. From the beginning of Gunnar's research career, his thinking has been affected by Gestalt psychology as well as by some principles of theoretical philosophy. The former has not only influenced Gunnar's early unconventional works on "gestalt strength" but also one of his major areas of thinking, the notion of "total perceived effort," which can be seen as a "gestalt" underlain by a variety of sensory data. The philosophical influence is obvious: Gunnar's papers reveal an abiding concern with epistemological issues, issues that are linked to his persistent attempts at making interindividual comparisons.

The Psychophysics of Speech Perception

The Psychophysics of Speech Perception
A Book

by M.E. Schouten

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 940093629X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The following is a passage from our application for NATO sponsorship: "In the main, the participants in this workshop on the Psychophysics of Speech Perception come from two areas of research: - one area is that of speech perception researc,h, in which the perception of speech sounds is investigated; - the other area is that of psychoacoustics, or auditory psychophysics, in which the perception of simple non-speech sounds, such as pure tones or noise bursts, is investigated, in order to determine the properties of the hearing mechanism. Al though there is widespread agreement among both speech researchers and auditory psychophysicists that there should be a great deal of co-operation between them, the two areas have, generally speaking, remained separate, each with its own research questions, paradigms, and above all, traditions. Psychoacousticians have, so far, continued to investigate the peripheral hearing organ by means of simple sounds, regarding the preoccupations of speech researchers as too many near-empty theories in need of a more solid factual base. Speech perception researchers, on the other hand, have continued to investigate the way human listeners classify vowels and consonants, claiming that psychoacoustics is not concerned with normal, everyday, human perception.

Sensory Processes

Sensory Processes
The New Psychophysics

by Lawrence Marks

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-07-23
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 0323154921
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sensory Processes: The New Psychophysics describes, summarizes, and theorizes on the application of psychophysics to the study of sensory processes. This book deals with significant issues in sensory psychology, which is mainly by treating sensory dimensions and attributes as measurable quantities. Organized into seven chapters, this book starts with an overview of the fundamental methods for evaluating the magnitudes of sensation with emphasis direct scaling methods. This text then explains the advantages of direct scaling procedures in providing psychophysical and sensory-physical information. Other chapters consider the parameters of temporal and spatial distribution of the stimulus. This book discusses as well the other significant variables that determine sensitivity, particularly compositional variables that refer to wavelength and frequency of light and sound. The final chapter deals with several persistent issues and unresolved questions in the realm of sensory scaling. Sensory psychologists, sensory scientists, researchers, and graduate students will find this book useful.

Modern Psychophysical And Scaling Methods And Experimentation

Modern Psychophysical And Scaling Methods And Experimentation
A Book

by M. Rajamanickam

  • Publisher : Concept Publishing Company
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 9788170229162
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychophysics

Psychophysics
A Practical Introduction

by Frederick A.A. Kingdom,Nicolaas Prins

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-09-29
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9780080920221
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychophysics: A Practical Application is a single-volume text that covers the rudimentary principles of psychophysical methods and the practical tools that are important for processing data from psychophysical experiments and tests. It makes complicated concepts and procedures understandable for beginners and non-experts in psychophysics. The book includes a wide array of analytical techniques, such as novel classification schemes for psychophysics experiments; new software packages for collecting and processing psychophysical data; practical tips for designing psychophysical experiments; and the advantages and disadvantages of the different psychophysical methods. The first chapters of the book present the fundamental concepts and terminology of psychophysics, and they familiarize readers with available psychophysical techniques. The remaining chapters discuss a series of topics, such as psychometric functions, adaptive procedures, signal detection measures, scaling methods, and statistical model comparisons. The book serves as an invaluable source of information about psychophysics for researchers and optometrists, as well as for psychology and neuroscience students, on both the graduate and undergraduate level. Large variety of analytical methods explained for the non-expert Novel classification scheme for psychophysics experiments New software package for collecting and analyzing psychophysical data Pros and cons of different psychophysical procedures Practical tips for designing psychophysical experiments

Signal Detection Theory and Psychophysics

Signal Detection Theory and Psychophysics
A Book

by David Marvin Green,John A. Swets

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1974
  • Pages : 479
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Psychophysics of Learning

The Psychophysics of Learning
Implications for Learning Systems Design and Configuration

by John N. Moye Ph.D.

  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release : 2021-06-22
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1801171130
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Psychophysics of Learning presents a learning system design approach that is formulated by the strategies and techniques the brain uses to process external information and make sense of that information to the learning ecology of all learners.

Psychophysics, Physiology and Models of Hearing

Psychophysics, Physiology and Models of Hearing
A Book

by Torsten Dau,Volker Hohmann,Birger Kollmeier

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 289
  • ISBN : 9789810237417
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent advances in auditory neuroscience are characterized by a close interaction between neurophysiological findings, psychophysical effects and integrative models that attempt to bridge the gap between neuroscience and psychophysics. This volume introduces the latest developments in this quickly evolving interdisciplinary area. Tutorials by leading international scientists as well as more focused contributions by active researchers providing an invaluable summary of our current knowledge of psychophysics and auditory physiology and the main lines of research in this field. The book will be of interest to anyone involved in hearing research, including neuroscientists, behavioral scientists, acousticians and biophysicists.

Psychophysics

Psychophysics
The Fundamentals

by George A. Gescheider

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2013-06-17
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN : 113480122X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This third edition of a classic text which was first published in 1976 is the only comprehensive, up-to-date presentation of psychophysics currently available. It has been used by undergraduate and graduate students, and scholars throughout the world and is consistently thought of as the best single source for learning the basic principles of psychophysics. The coverage of the field is comprehensive, including topics ranging from the classical methods of threshold measurement, to the modern methods of detection theory, to psychophysical scaling of sensation magnitude. The approach is one in which methods, theories, and applications are described for each experimental procedure. New features found in this third edition include: * methodological and theoretical contributions made in the field during this time period, * descriptions of adaptive procedures for measuring thresholds, context effects in scaling, theory of quantal fluctuations, multidimensional scaling, nonmetric scaling of sensory differences, and the relationship between the size of the DL and the slope of the sensation magnitude function, * new methods for measuring the observer's sensitivity of criterion and an expanded discussion of category scaling including the range frequency model and verbally labeled categories, and * methods used to control the observer's nonlinear use of numbers in magnitude estimation such as line-length scaling, magnitude matching, master scaling, and category-ratio scaling.