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Modulation of Synaptic Transmission by Psychostimulants and Dopamine in the Nucleus Accumbens

Modulation of Synaptic Transmission by Psychostimulants and Dopamine in the Nucleus Accumbens
A Book

by Saleem M. Nicola

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New Concepts of Psychostimulants Induced Neurotoxicity

New Concepts of Psychostimulants Induced Neurotoxicity
A Book

by Hari Shanker Sharma

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-11-05
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 9780080922904
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Published since 1959, International Review of Neurobiology is a well-known series appealing to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Led by an internationally renowned editorial board, this important serial publishes both eclectic volumes made up of timely reviews and thematic volumes that focus on recent progress in a specific area of neurobiology research. With recent advancements in new knowledge, it has become evident that psychostimulants and related drugs of abuse are influencing our central nervous system (CNS) remarkably and could alter their function for a longtime. This volume is the first to focus on substance abuse induced brain pathology in the widest sense as it covers alterations in neuronal, glial and endothelial cell functions under the influence of acute or chronic usage of substance abuse.

Psychostimulants

Psychostimulants
A Book

by George F. Koob,Michael A. Arends,Mandy L. McCracken,Michel Le Moal

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-05-05
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 0128169915
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A current survey and synthesis of the most important findings in our understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction are detailed in our Neurobiology of Addiction series, each volume addressing a specific area of addiction. Psychostimulants, Volume 2 in the series, explores the molecular and cellular systems in the brain responsible for psychostimulant addiction, including both direct/indirect sympathomimetics and nonsympathomimetics. This volume introduces the readers to the history of psychostimulant use. The authors clearly differentiate the neurobiological effects into three distinct stages of the addiction cycle: binge/intoxication, withdrawal/negative affect, and preoccupation/anticipation. Highlights recent advances in psychostimulant addiction Includes neurocircuitry, cellular and molecular neurobiological mechanisms of psychostimulant addiction Defines the abuse and addiction potentials of both direct and indirect sympathomimetics and nonsympathomimetics

The Effect of Psychostimulants on the Reinforcing Properties of Drugs in Pre- and Postpubertal Rats

The Effect of Psychostimulants on the Reinforcing Properties of Drugs in Pre- and Postpubertal Rats
A Book

by Paul Martin Kunko

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 164
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dose-Dependent Effects of Psychostimulants on Affect Following Repeated Administration to Laboratory Rats

Dose-Dependent Effects of Psychostimulants on Affect Following Repeated Administration to Laboratory Rats
A Book

by Cristian Cervantes Aldana

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychostimulants produce strong pleasurable effects in users which are thought to play a role in the development of drug addiction. Two highly rewarding and abused psychostimulant drugs are methamphetamine and d-amphetamine. Although there has been extensive investigation of the rewarding effects of these drugs, we used a relatively new approach, drug-induced ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs), to examine the dose-dependent rewarding and aversive effects of these drugs following a single and repeated administration. The inverted-U shaped dose-response curve is seen across many drugs of abuse and behaviors, however this phenomenon has not been reported with USVs. Broadly, it was hypothesized that animals treated with methamphetamine or d-amphetamine would show inverted U dose-dependent responses with ambulations and 50 kHz USVs and that repeated administration of methamphetamine or d-amphetamine would lead to complex changes across doses and behaviors. We conducted two experiments, identical in methodology, with the only difference being the drug (methamphetamine and d-amphetamine). The four major results obtained from the present thesis were: 1) acute administration of methamphetamine and d-amphetamine produced an inverted U dose-response with locomotor activity and reward-related ultrasonic vocalizations (FM 50 kHz USVs); 2) acute administration of the highest dose of methamphetamine or d-amphetamine produced aversive effects and an interplay of reward (FM 50 kHz USVs) and aversion (22 kHz USVs) that helps to explain the inverted U shaped dose response; 3) repeated administration of methamphetamine and d- amphetamine produced sensitization to locomotor effects and USVs at low and moderate doses; and 4) sensitization persisted following a period without drug administration. These data provide a revealing picture of the complex relationship between dose and response, with particular attention to the affective component in drug addiction and abuse.

Essentials of Clinical Psychiatry

Essentials of Clinical Psychiatry
A Book

by Robert E. Hales,Stuart C. Yudofsky

  • Publisher : Amer Psychiatric Pub Incorporated
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 1008
  • ISBN : 9781585620333
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Today's busy trainees and practitioners can now turn to this economical new paperback-- Essentials of Clinical Psychiatry, which provides a unique synopsis of the most important material--20 of the original 40 chapters--included within the fourth edition of the classic The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Clinical Psychiatry. A condensed and efficient companion to the Textbook, this book provides essential updates to the clinical material in a size amenable to reading and referencing. A remarkable team of 51 distinguished experts have created a compelling reference reflecting a biopsychosocial approach to patient treatment that is at once exciting and accessible. Here, these contributors have distilled the essence of their work into 20 skillfully crafted chapters--including three new chapters on the clinical treatment of children and adolescents--updating key clinical information related to a variety of settings (e.g., inpatient, partial hospitalization, outpatient, and rehabilitation programs). Carefully organizing their chapters around three broad areas, from normal development and assessment methods to diagnostic information and finally to treatment, these authors update and summarize • Normal child and adolescent development, the psychiatric interview, psychiatric history, and mental status examination• A broad spectrum of psychiatric disorders that affect infants, children, adolescents, adults, and seniors (e.g., delirium and dementia disorders; substance abuse; schizophrenia; mood, anxiety, somatoform, factitious, dissociative, adjustment, sexual and gender identity, personality, sleep, eating, and impulse-control disorders)• The latest treatments, including psychopharmacology and electroconvulsive therapy; psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic psychotherapy, and supportive psychotherapy; and treatment of children and adolescents Combining the efforts of junior and senior authors has further enhanced the effectiveness of this new abridged version. The resulting blend of new research insights and fresh, expanded perspectives with considerable wisdom and vast research and clinical experience enriches the diversity and quality of the material and increases its appeal to readers at all levels of educational and clinical experience. A broad, integrated knowledge of both psychology and neuroscience is the essence of psychiatric practice and the ideal basis for treatment decisions. Essentials of Clinical Psychiatry delivers core knowledge to psychiatry residents and practitioners alike and will also prove useful to physicians in other fields (e.g., family practice, internal medicine, pediatrics, neurology) and interested laypersons.

Electroencephalography in Drug Research

Electroencephalography in Drug Research
A Book

by Werner M. Herrmann

  • Publisher : Lubrecht & Cramer, Limited
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology

Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology
A Book

by Vicky Phares

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 566
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Now in its second edition, this comprehensive book explores developmental psychopathology as a means for understanding and treating abnormal behavior in children. It covers the strengths and healthy outcomes as a means for designing effective therapies to help children and families, while also focusing on prevention as a cornerstone of managing child behavior. Special attention is also given to issues of diversity, inclusion, and understanding.

Psychostimulants As Antidepressants

Psychostimulants As Antidepressants
A Book

by Craig Russell

  • Publisher : Mason Crest Publishers
  • Release : 2007-09
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 9781422204160
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sometimes antidepressants aren't enough. In these cases, doctors often turn to drugs called psychostimulants. This book helps you'll learn what psychostimulants are and why they are used to help treat depression. It also informs about the possible risks and side effects of these drugs, as well as their potential for abuse.

Biobehavioral Aspects of Aggression

Biobehavioral Aspects of Aggression
A Book

by David A. Hamburg,Michelle B. Trudeau

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychopharmacology

Psychopharmacology
An Introduction

by René Spiegel

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2003-10-31
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0470869461
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Describes the latest advances in psychopharmacology - one of the most rapidly developing fields in modern science. This latest edition has been updated to cover new developments in drug therapy and research including newly introduced antipsychotics, antidepressants and antidementia drugs. Sections on the treatment of depression and dementia have been revised to include new developments in treatment strategies. It will be welcomed for its essentially clinical and psychological approach to modern pharmaceuticals, their therapeutic uses and limitations, adverse reactions and future directions for research.

Persecutory Delusions

Persecutory Delusions
Assessment, Theory, and Treatment

by Daniel Freeman,Richard P. Bentall,Philippa A. Garety

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 435
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Paranoia is the fear that others intend to cause you harm. It occurs most dramatically as delusions of persecution in conditions such as schizophrenia, but it is related to suspicious thoughts that occur in some 10-20% of the general population. Typical concerns might be that people are trying to harm you, saying bad things behind your back, deliberately irritating you, or conspiring against you. It is one of the most significant psychiatric problems, and increasingly, researchers and clinicians have begun to focus on understanding paranoid experience. In this landmark publication, the three major authorities in the field bring together the current knowledge about the assessment, understanding, and treatment of persecutory delusions. Leading experts in cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, psychiatry, social psychiatry, neuroimaging, and neuroscience explain their perspectives on paranoia. Pharmacological, cognitive, and family interventions are comprehensively reviewed, and personal accounts of paranoia are included.

Palliative Care Formulary

Palliative Care Formulary
A Book

by Robert G. Twycross

  • Publisher : Radcliffe Publishing
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Palliative Care Formulary is established as the comprehensive compendium of essential therapeutic information for palliative care specialists, pharmacists and oncologists. This expanded new edition incorporates numerous important updates and new data, bringing together a wealth of important information about drugs commonly used in palliative care and about drugs for use in special circumstances by, or in conjunction with, a specialist in palliative care. It highlights drugs given for unlicensed indications or by unlicensed routes and deals comprehensively with the administration of multipl.

Applied Behavior Analysis and School Psychology

Applied Behavior Analysis and School Psychology
A Research Guide to Principles and Procedures

by H. A. Chris Ninness,H. A. Ninness,Sigrid S. Glenn

  • Publisher : Greenwood
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Designed primarily for teachers and school psychologists, this text reviews the literature on behavioral processes used in school-specific techniques like contracting, self-management, and token economies. Much of the material applies to mainstream classrooms and activities, but there are also chapters dealing with hyperactivity, aggression, withdrawal, depression, and suicide. Studies of such specimen populations as autistic, delinquent, or retarded children are also cited. The authors' stated intent is to provide a balanced mix of theory and methods, so that skills can be developed with confidence in the underlying knowledge base. The heavy emphasis on research, however, makes it a valuable guide to the theoretical study of behavioral science. Readings: A Journal of Mental Health Reviews, Commentary Written for educators and school psychologists who regularly deal with children, this book provides detailed information about the procedures teachers have successfully used to obtain positive outcomes in their classrooms. The authors base their discussion on the growing body of experimental research conducted in the classroom designed to identify techniques that encourage productive, happy, caring, healthful, and skillful behavior from students. The procedures they represent are backed by solid scientific data and have achieved proven results in real world settings. The authors also provide a thorough grounding in the behavioral principles that underlie the procedures. They demonstrate the ways in which these principles, which have been formulated as a result of basic laboratory research, can be effectively applied to behavioral techniques in the classroom to better the lives of both students and teachers.

Fundamentals of Psychopharmacology

Fundamentals of Psychopharmacology
A Book

by Brian E. Leonard

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 1997-06-19
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 9780471961154
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Treatment with drugs is fundamental to modern therapy of psychiatric disorders. Since the publication of the first edition of this book, significant advances have been made in psychopharmacology. In this second edition the author has provided a thoroughly revised volume, which includes a list of key references and a glossary of terms, abbreviations and synonyms. New material has been added, including chapters on molecular genetics and functional neuroanatomy, as well as two intriguing chapters which give a flavour of the development of psychopharmacology in the 21st century.

The Mind and Its Discontents

The Mind and Its Discontents
A Book

by Grant Gillett

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2009-04-30
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The author argues that to understand mental illness fully requires more than a study of biological models of mental processes and pathologies. He stresses that the causes of human mental disorders are to be found in human interactions.

Clinical Psychopharmacology

Clinical Psychopharmacology
A Practical Reference for Nonmedical Psychotherapists

by Gary Lawson,Craig A. Cooperrider

  • Publisher : Aspen Pub
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 375
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This guide to drugs and drug abuse for nonmedical psychotherapists off ers all the facts about psychopharmacology. Readers learn how therapeu tic drugs work, how drugs affect the body, what danger signals to watc h for, psychological problems that respond to drug therapy, potential problems of drugs and how to prevent dangerous polydrug use, how to ga in more cooperation from medical specialists, and how to monitor compl iance with medical treatment and ensure that clients get the best poss ible care.

On the Mechanism Underlying Drug-evoked Gene Expression in Striatopallidal Neurons

On the Mechanism Underlying Drug-evoked Gene Expression in Striatopallidal Neurons
Implications for Psychomotor Sensitization

by Susan Marie Ferguson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Attention Deficit Disorders

Attention Deficit Disorders
Assessment and Teaching

by Janet W. Lerner,Barbara Lowenthal,Sue R. Lerner

  • Publisher : Thomson Brooks/Cole
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 257
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using a unique educational slant, this readable and up-to-date text provides practical strategies for making accommodations in regular classes and methods for special education teachers. Includes a thorough review of the latest legislation and up-to-date information from the DSM-IV.

Responding to Challenging Situations Related to the Use of Psychostimulants

Responding to Challenging Situations Related to the Use of Psychostimulants
A Practical Guide for Frontline Workers

by Department of Health and Ageing Staff

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 37
  • ISBN : 9781741866346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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