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Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data
Space-Time and Spacetime Data Considerations

by Jiaping Wu,Junyu He,George Christakos

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-12-01
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0128163429
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Applications for Spatial and Temporal Variation offers a systematic, quantitative analysis of multi-sourced data, including the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of natural attributes. It covers data handling techniques that may vary by space and/or time, and aims to improve understanding of physical laws of change underlying available numerical datasets, while also considering in-situ uncertainties and relevant measurement errors (conceptual, technical, computational). Featuring real-world practical applications and practice exercises, this book is a comprehensive step-by-step tutorial of data-driven techniques that will help students and researchers master data analysis in earth and environmental sciences. The notions and methods presented in the book cover a wide range of data in various forms and sources, including hard measurements, soft observations, secondary information and auxiliary variables (ground-level measurements, satellite observations, scientific instruments and records, protocols and surveys, empirical models and charts). Explores the analysis and processing data that varies spatially and/or temporally, which is the case with the majority of data in scientific and engineering disciplines Covers a wide range of data describing a variety of attributes characterizing physical phenomena and systems including earth, ocean and atmospheric variables, environmental and ecological parameters, population health states, disease indicators, and social and economic characteristics Includes case studies and practice exercises at the end of each chapter for both real-world applications and deeper understanding of the concepts presented

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists

Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists
A Book

by John H. Schuenemeyer,Lawrence J. Drew

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-04-12
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1118102215
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive treatment of statistical applications for solvingreal-world environmental problems A host of complex problems face today's earth science community,such as evaluating the supply of remaining non-renewable energyresources, assessing the impact of people on the environment,understanding climate change, and managing the use of water. Propercollection and analysis of data using statistical techniquescontributes significantly toward the solution of these problems.Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists presentsimportant statistical concepts through data analytic tools andshows readers how to apply them to real-world problems. The authors present several different statistical approaches tothe environmental sciences, including Bayesian and nonparametricmethodologies. The book begins with an introduction to types ofdata, evaluation of data, modeling and estimation, randomvariation, and sampling—all of which are explored throughcase studies that use real data from earth science applications.Subsequent chapters focus on principles of modeling and the keymethods and techniques for analyzing scientific data,including: Interval estimation and Methods for analyzinghypothesis testingof means time series data Spatial statistics Multivariate analysis Discrete distributions Experimental design Most statistical models are introduced by concept andapplication, given as equations, and then accompanied by heuristicjustification rather than a formal proof. Data analysis, modelbuilding, and statistical inference are stressed throughout, andreaders are encouraged to collect their own data to incorporateinto the exercises at the end of each chapter. Most data sets,graphs, and analyses are computed using R, but can be worked withusing any statistical computing software. A related websitefeatures additional data sets, answers to selected exercises, and Rcode for the book's examples. Statistics for Earth and Environmental Scientists is anexcellent book for courses on quantitative methods in geology,geography, natural resources, and environmental sciences at theupper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuablereference for earth scientists, geologists, hydrologists, andenvironmental statisticians who collect and analyze data in theireveryday work.

Hydroinformatics

Hydroinformatics
Data Integrative Approaches in Computation, Analysis, and Modeling

by Praveen Kumar,Mike Folk,Momcilo Markus,Jay C. Alameda

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2005-11-02
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 1000611582
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern hydrology is more interdisciplinary than ever. Staggering amounts and varieties of information pour in from GIS and remote sensing systems every day, and this information must be collected, interpreted, and shared efficiently. Hydroinformatics: Data Integrative Approaches in Computation, Analysis, and Modeling introduces the tools, approache

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences
A Book

by Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-01-18
  • Pages : 798
  • ISBN : 0128156953
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem-solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. The book is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes. It is an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear, interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields, including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment and geography Provides an overview, methods and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Random Field Models in Earth Sciences

Random Field Models in Earth Sciences
A Book

by George Christakos

  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Release : 2012-08-09
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0486160912
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text for graduate students examines problems related to earth and environmental sciences by means of theoretical models based on a purely random (stochastic) element. 103 figures. 16 tables.

Earth Resources

Earth Resources
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A selection of annotated references to unclassified reports and journal articles that were introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system and announced in Scientific and technical aerospace reports (STAR) and International Aerospace Abstracts (IAA)

Earth Observation Systems for Resource Management and Environmental Control

Earth Observation Systems for Resource Management and Environmental Control
A Book

by D. Clough

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-09
  • Pages : 475
  • ISBN : 1461588642
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The NATO Science Committee and its subsidiary Programme Panels provide support for Advanced Research Institutes (ARI) in various fields. The idea is to bring together scientists of a chosen field with the hope that they will achieve a consensus on research direc tions for the future, and make recommendations for the benefit of a wider scientific community. Attendance is therefore limited to those whose experience and expertise make the conclusions significant and acceptable to the wider community. Participants are selected on the basis of substantial track records in research or in the synthesis of research results to serve mankind. The proposal for a one-week ARIon Earth Observation and In formation Systems was initiated by the NATO Special Programme Panel on Systems Science (SPPOSS). In approving the ARI, the senior NATO Science Committee identified the subject as one of universal impor tance, requiring a broad perspective on the development of opera tional systems based on successful experimental systems. The general purpose of this ARI was to address the critical problems of integrating the relatively new science and technology of remote sensing into operational earth observation and manage ment information systems. The main problems of concern were those related to systems design, organization, development of infrastruc ture, and use of information in decision processes. The main empha sis was on problems of transferring technologies and methods from experimental to operational systems.

Mathematical Methods in the Earth and Environmental Sciences

Mathematical Methods in the Earth and Environmental Sciences
A Book

by Adrian Burd

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-04-18
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1108631266
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Earth and environmental sciences are becoming progressively more quantitative due to the increased use of mathematical models and new data analysis techniques. This accessible introduction presents an overview of the mathematical methods essential for understanding Earth processes, providing an invaluable resource for students and early career researchers who may have missed (or forgotten) the mathematics they need to succeed as scientists. Topics build gently from basic methods such as calculus to more advanced techniques including linear algebra and differential equations. The practical applications of the mathematical methods to a variety of topics are discussed, ranging from atmospheric science and oceanography to biogeochemistry and geophysics. Including over 530 exercises and end-of-chapter problems, as well as additional computer codes in Python and MATLAB®, this book supports readers in applying appropriate analytical or computational methods to solving real research questions.

Quantitative Analysis of Geopressure for Geoscientists and Engineers

Quantitative Analysis of Geopressure for Geoscientists and Engineers
A Book

by Nader C. Dutta,Ran Bachrach,Tapan Mukerji

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2021-02-28
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 1107194113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An overview of the processes related to geopressure development, prediction and detection using state-of-the-art tools and technologies.

Remote Sensing Techniques and GIS Applications in Earth and Environmental Studies

Remote Sensing Techniques and GIS Applications in Earth and Environmental Studies
A Book

by Santra, Abhisek,Mitra, Shreyashi Santra

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2016-11-29
  • Pages : 335
  • ISBN : 1522518150
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emerging technologies have enhanced the various uses of geographic information systems. This allows for more effective analysis of available data to optimize resources and promote sustainability. Remote Sensing Techniques and GIS Applications in Earth and Environmental Studies is a critical reference source for the latest research on innovative methods for analyzing geographic data and utilizing sensor technologies for environmental monitoring. Featuring extensive coverage across a range of relevant perspectives and topics, such as land use, geospatial analysis, image interpretation, and site-suitability analysis, this book is ideally designed for engineers, professionals, practitioners, upper-level students, and academics actively involved in the various areas of environmental sciences.

Encyclopedia of Geography

Encyclopedia of Geography
A Book

by Barney Warf

  • Publisher : SAGE Publications
  • Release : 2010-09-21
  • Pages : 3560
  • ISBN : 1452265178
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Simply stated, geography studies the locations of things and the explanations that underlie spatial distributions. Profound forces at work throughout the world have made geographical knowledge increasingly important for understanding numerous human dilemmas and our capacities to address them. With more than 1,200 entries, the Encyclopedia of Geography reflects how the growth of geography has propelled a demand for intermediaries between the abstract language of academia and the ordinary language of everyday life. The six volumes of this encyclopedia encapsulate a diverse array of topics to offer a comprehensive and useful summary of the state of the discipline in the early 21st century. Key Features Gives a concise historical sketch of geography's long, rich, and fascinating history, including human geography, physical geography, and GIS Provides succinct summaries of trends such as globalization, environmental destruction, new geospatial technologies, and cyberspace Decomposes geography into the six broad subject areas: physical geography; human geography; nature and society; methods, models, and GIS; history of geography; and geographer biographies, geographic organizations, and important social movements Provides hundreds of color illustrations and images that lend depth and realism to the text Includes a special map section Key Themes Physical Geography Human Geography Nature and Society Methods, Models, and GIS People, Organizations, and Movements History of Geography This encyclopedia strategically reflects the enormous diversity of the discipline, the multiple meanings of space itself, and the diverse views of geographers. It brings together the diversity of geographical knowledge, making it an invaluable resource for any academic library.

The Office of Environmental Management Technical Reports

The Office of Environmental Management Technical Reports
A Bibliography

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Value of Information in the Earth Sciences

Value of Information in the Earth Sciences
Integrating Spatial Modeling and Decision Analysis

by Jo Eidsvik,Tapan Mukerji,Debarun Bhattacharjya

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN : 9781316439227
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spatial Modeling Principles in Earth Sciences

Spatial Modeling Principles in Earth Sciences
A Book

by Zekai Sen

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-06-10
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN : 9781402096723
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spatial Modeling Principles in Earth Sciences presents fundamentals of spatial data analysis used in hydrology, geology, meteorology, atmospheric science and related fields. It examines methods for the quantitative determination of the spatial distribution patterns. This book brings together the material from the current literature in earth sciences and practical examples. It provides a sound background of philosophical, logical, rational and physical principles of spatial data and analysis, and explains how it can be modeled and applied in earth sciences projects and designs. It collects information not previously available in one source, and provides methodology for the treatment of spatial data to find the most rational and practical solution. The book is a valuable resource for students, researchers and practitioners of a broad range of disciplines including geology, geography, hydrology, meteorology, environment, image processing, spatial modeling and related topics.

Earth and Mind II

Earth and Mind II
A Synthesis of Research on Thinking and Learning in the Geosciences

by Kim A. Kastens,Cathryn A. Manduca

  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 0813724864
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Articles refer to teaching at various different levels from kindergarten to graduate school, with sections on teaching: geologic time, space, complex systems, and field-work. Each section includes an introduction, a thematic paper, and commentaries.

EDS. Environmental Data Service

EDS. Environmental Data Service
A Book

by United States. Environmental Data Service

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Earth Resources

Earth Resources
a continuing bibliography with indexes

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Value of Information in the Earth Sciences

Value of Information in the Earth Sciences
Integrating Spatial Modeling and Decision Analysis

by Jo Eidsvik,Tapan Mukerji,Debarun Bhattacharjya

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN : 9781316438510
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Student Projects in Environmental Science

Student Projects in Environmental Science
A Book

by Stuart Harrad,Lesley Batty,Miriam Diamond,George Arhonditsis

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2008-06-09
  • Pages : 163
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research projects are among the core components of many undergraduate and Masters degrees within environmental science and physical geography, and students increasingly undertake courses in quantitative research methodology before starting on their own assignment. This one-stop-shop text guides students through their research project from the initial stages of choosing a suitable topic, of conducting the relevant experiments and interpreting the data, through to effective presentation of the results. Takes a case-study approach to illustrate the range of environmental science topics, with cases supplied by specialists in the field. Practical worked examples and self-assessment tasks illustrate key statistical and mathematical points so as to keep heavy theory to a minimum Covers software such as Excel, SPSS and mathematical modelling, and includes statistical tables

Review of the Environmental Protection Agency's Draft IRIS Assessment of Formaldehyde

Review of the Environmental Protection Agency's Draft IRIS Assessment of Formaldehyde
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee to Review EPA's Draft IRIS Assessment of Formaldehyde

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2011-05-31
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 0309211964
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Formaldehyde is ubiquitous in indoor and outdoor air, and everyone is exposed to formaldehyde at some concentration daily. Formaldehyde is used to produce a wide array of products, particularly building materials; it is emitted from many sources, including power plants, cars, gas and wood stoves, and cigarettes; it is a natural product in come foods; and it is naturally present in the human body as a metabolic intermediate. Much research has been conducted on the health effects of exposure to formaldehyde, including effects on the upper airway, where formaldehyde is deposited when inhaled, and effects on tissues distant from the site of initial contact. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released noncancer and cancer assessments of formaldehyde for its Intergated Risk Information System (IRIS) in 1990 and 1991, respectively. The agency began reassessing formaldehyde in 1998 and released a draft IRIS assessment in June 2010. Given the complexity of the issues and the knowledge that the assessment will be used as the basis of regulatory decisions, EPA asked the National Research Council (NRC) to conduct an independent scientific review of the draft IRIS assessment. In this report, the Committee to Review EPA's Draft IRIS Assessment of Formaldehyde first addresses some general issues associated with the draft IRIS assessment. The committee next focuses on questions concerning specific aspects of the draft assessment, including derivation of the reference concentrations and the cancer unit risk estimates for formaldehyde. The committee closes with recommendations for improving the IRIS assessment of formaldehyde and provides some general comments on the IRIS development process.