Download Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography Ebook PDF

Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography

Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography
A Book

by Valenti Rull

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03-05
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 0128204745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Quaternary Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography offers an introduction to the study of the ecological and evolutionary processes that have shaped our present biosphere under the influence of glacial-interglacial cycles. Written by an ecologist with paleoecological expertise, this book reviews the climactic changes that have occurred during the last 2.6 million years, along with the responses of organisms and ecosystems. It offers an understanding of the evolutionary origin of extant biodiversity, its biogeographical patterns, and the composition of modern ecological communities. In addition, it explores human evolution and the influence of our activities on the biosphere, especially in the last millennia. This book offers the latest information on how studying the past can contribute to our understanding of present climate issues for a better future, and is an ideal resource for researchers and students in the natural sciences. Includes the latest developments in genomics and their relevance within Quaternary evolution Offers a holistic view of the origin of biodiversity patterns and community assembly Discusses the role of climate on human evolution and the ecological consequences for natural systems

Paleoecological Research on Easter Island

Paleoecological Research on Easter Island
Insights on Settlement, Climate Changes, Deforestation and Cultural Shifts

by Valenti Rull

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-08-07
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 0128227478
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Paleocological Research on Easter Island: Insights on Settlement, Climate Changes, Deforestation and Cultural Shifts examines the area’s climatic and ecological history, a topic not usually addressed in other literature. The book provides a thorough and synthetic account of all paleoecological works developed to date, including the latest discoveries. Finally, it attempts to match paleoecological evidence with the results of other disciplines creating a multidisciplinary framework. This approach to the field is ideal for researchers, university professors and graduate students in a varied range of disciplines and subdisciplines, including ecology, paleoecology, paleoclimatology, biogeography, sedimentology, and paleontology. Users will find synthesized information on Easter Island from the last millennia that will help pave the way towards an integrated interdisciplinary vision of the island’s environmental-ecological-cultural system as a complex functional unit. Human and environmental deterministic views are avoided and the Easter Island enigmas are analyzed under a holistic perspective of continuous feedbacks and synergies among the different components of the system. Provides the first synthesis of the available paleoecological knowledge on Easter Island Furnishes clues on how to integrate paleoecological information with evidence from other disciplines Addresses the complexity of the environmental-ecological-cultural system by analyzing the interactions (feedbacks and synergies) among its components

The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography

The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography
A Book

by Andrew Millington,Mark Blumler,Udo Schickhoff

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2011-09-22
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 1446254453
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

"A superb resource for understanding the diversity of the modern discipline of biogeography, and its history and future, especially within geography departments. I expect to refer to it often." - Professor Sally Horn, University of Tennessee "As you browse through this fine book you will be struck by the diverse topics that biogeographers investigate and the many research methods they use.... Biogeography is interdisciplinary, and a commonly-voiced concern is that one biogeographer may not readily understand another's research findings. A handbook like this is important for synthesising, situating, explaining and evaluating a large literature, and pointing the reader to informative publications." - Geographical Research "A valuable contribution in both a research and teaching context. If you are biologically trained, it provides an extensive look into the geographical tradition of biogeography, covering some topics that may be less familiar to those with an evolution/ecology background. Alternatively, if you are a geography student, researcher, or lecturer, it will provide a useful reference and will be invaluable to the non-biogeographer who suddenly has the teaching of an introductory biogeography course thrust upon them." - Adam C. Algar, Frontiers of Biogeography The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography is a manual for scoping the past, present and future of biogeography that enable readers to consider, where relevant, how similar biogeographical issues are tackled by researchers in different 'schools'. In line with the concept of all SAGE Handbooks, this is a retrospective and prospective overview of biogeography that will: Consider the main areas of biogeography researched by geographers Detail a global perspective by incorporating the work of different schools of biogeographers Ecplore the divergent evolution of biogeography as a discipline and consider how this diversity can be harnessed Examine the interdisciplinary debates that biogeographers are contributing to within geography and the biological sciences. Aimed at an international audience of research students, academics, researchers and practitioners in biogeography, the text will attract interest from environmental scientists, ecologists, biologists and geographers alike.

Biodiversity

Biodiversity
A Beginner's Guide (revised and updated edition)

by John Spicer

  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release : 2021-05-06
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 0861540182
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Our future is closely tied to that of the variety of life on Earth, and yet there is no greater threat to it than us. From population explosions and habitat destruction to climate change and mass extinctions, John Spicer explores the causes and consequences of our biodiversity crisis. In this revised and updated edition, he examines how grave the situation has become over the past decade and outlines what we must do now to protect and preserve not just nature’s wonders but the essential services that biodiversity provides for us, seemingly for nothing.

Island Biogeography

Island Biogeography
Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation

by Robert J. Whittaker,School of Geography Robert J Whittaker

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 285
  • ISBN : 9780198500209
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Work on evolution on islands has a long-established biogeographical pedigree, stretching back to the work of Darwin and Wallace. Research generated ideas, theories, and models which have played a central role in the development of mainstream ecology, evolutionary biology, and biogeography. Island Biogeography is a new textbook, aimed at advanced undergraduates and graduate students. This is the first comprehensive book to be written on the topic since 1981. It provides a much needed synthesis of recent development across the discipline, linking current theoretical debates with applied island ecology. Some themes that the book covers include: the nature and formation of island environments, island ecological theories concerning species numbers, species assembly, and composition, and an assessment of the human impact on island biodiversity. Written by an author who has been researching and teaching biogeography for many years, Island Biogeography is wide-ranging, authoritative, and accessible to students from across geography and the life sciences. This is the first truly modern textbook on a fascinating and important subject in evolution and ecology.

The Balance of Nature and Human Impact

The Balance of Nature and Human Impact
A Book

by Klaus Rohde

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2013-02-14
  • Pages : 413
  • ISBN : 1107019613
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Explores equilibrium and non-equilibrium in undisturbed and disturbed ecological systems, examining how human activities affect the balance/imbalance of nature.

Tropical Rainforests

Tropical Rainforests
Past, Present, and Future

by Eldredge Bermingham,Christopher W. Dick,Craig Moritz

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2005-08
  • Pages : 745
  • ISBN : 0226044688
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Tropical Rainforests looks at the effects of evolutionary histories, past climate change, and ecological dynamics on the origin and maintenance of tropical rainforest communities.

Conservation Biogeography

Conservation Biogeography
A Book

by Richard Ladle,Robert J. Whittaker

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-06-09
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1444398113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Earth’s ecosystems are in the midst of an unprecedentedperiod of change as a result of human action. Many habitats havebeen completely destroyed or divided into tiny fragments, othershave been transformed through the introduction of new species, orthe extinction of native plants and animals, while anthropogenicclimate change now threatens to completely redraw the geographicmap of life on this planet. The urgent need to understand andprescribe solutions to this complicated and interlinked set ofpressing conservation issues has lead to the transformation of thevenerable academic discipline of biogeography – the study ofthe geographic distribution of animals and plants. The newlyemerged sub-discipline of conservation biogeography uses theconceptual tools and methods of biogeography to address real worldconservation problems and to provide predictions about the fate ofkey species and ecosystems over the next century. This bookprovides the first comprehensive review of the field in a series ofclosely interlinked chapters addressing the central issues withinthis exciting and important subject. View ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/ladle/biogeography"www.wiley.com/go/ladle/biogeography/a yoaccess the figures from the book.

Quaternary Extinctions

Quaternary Extinctions
A Prehistoric Revolution

by Paul S. Martin,Richard G. Klein

  • Publisher : University of Arizona Press
  • Release : 1989-01-01
  • Pages : 892
  • ISBN : 9780816511006
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

What caused the extinction of so many animals at or near the end of the Pleistocene? Was it overkill by human hunters, the result of a major climatic change or was it just a part of some massive evolutionary turnover? Questions such as these have plagued scientists for over one hundred years and are still being heatedly debated today. Quaternary Extinctions presents the latest and most comprehensive examination of these questions. ÑGeological Magazine "May be regarded as a kind of standard encyclopedia for Pleistocene vertebrate paleontology for years to come." ÑAmerican Scientist "Should be read by paleobiologists, biologists, wildlife managers, ecologists, archeologists, and anyone concerned about the ongoing extinction of plants and animals." ÑScience "Uncommonly readable and varied for watchers of paleontology and the rise of humankind." ÑScientific American "Represents a quantum leap in our knowledge of Pleistocene and Holocene palaeobiology. . . . Many volumes on our bookshelves are destined to gather dust rather than attention. But not this one." ÑNature "Two strong impressions prevail when first looking into this epic compendium. One is the judicious balance of views that range over the whole continuum between monocausal, cultural, or environmental explanations. The second is that both the data base and theoretical sophistication of the protagonists in the debate have improved by a quantum leap since 1967." ÑAmerican Anthropologist

Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus

Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus
A Book

by David M. Richardson

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2000-07-31
  • Pages : 548
  • ISBN : 9780521789103
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A comprehensive review essential for all involved in the management of natural and planted pine forests.

Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes

Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-06-26
  • Pages : 3500
  • ISBN : 0128160977
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Encyclopedia of the World’s Biomes is a unique, five volume reference that provides a global synthesis of biomes, including the latest science. All of the book's chapters follow a common thematic order that spans biodiversity importance, principal anthropogenic stressors and trends, changing climatic conditions, and conservation strategies for maintaining biomes in an increasingly human-dominated world. This work is a one-stop shop that gives users access to up-to-date, informative articles that go deeper in content than any currently available publication. Offers students and researchers a one-stop shop for information currently only available in scattered or non-technical sources Authored and edited by top scientists in the field Concisely written to guide the reader though the topic Includes meaningful illustrations and suggests further reading for those needing more specific information

Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change

Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2012-12-31
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 044453637X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Ostracod crustaceans, common microfossils in marine and freshwater sedimentary records, supply evidence of past climatic conditions via indicator species, transfer function and mutual climatic range approaches as well as the trace element and stable isotope geochemistry of their shells. As methods of using ostracods as Quaternary palaeoclimate proxies have developed, so too has a critical awareness of their complexities, potential and limitations. This book combines up-to-date reviews (covering previous work and summarising the state of the art) with presentations of new, cutting-edge science (data and interpretations as well as methodological developments) to form a major reference work that will constitute a durable bench-mark in the science of Ostracoda and Quaternary climate change. In-depth and focused treatment of palaeoclimate applications Provides durable benchmark and guide for all future work on ostracods Presents new, cutting-edge science

Biogeography and Ecology of Southern Africa

Biogeography and Ecology of Southern Africa
A Book

by Marinus J.A. Werger,A.C. van Bruggen

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 1444
  • ISBN : 9400999518
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Southern Africa is certainly not a naturally bounded area so that there are several possibilities for delineating it and concepts about its extent. Wellington* discussed the various possibilities for delineation and suggested that one line stands out more clearly and definitely as a physical boundary than any other, namely the South Equatorial Divide, the watershed between the ZaIre, Cuanza and Rufiji Rivers on the one hand and the Z ambezi, Cunene and Rovuma Rivers on the other. This South Equatorial Divide is indeed a major line of separation for some organisms and is also applicable in a certain geographical sense, though it does not possess the slightest significance for many other groups of organisms, ecosystems or geographical and physical features of Africa. The placing of the northern boundary of southern Africa differs in fact strongly per scientific dis cipline and is also influenced by practical considerations regarding the possibilities of scientific work as subordinate to certain political realities and historically grown traditions. This is illustrated, for example, in such works as the Flora of Southern Africa, where the northern boundary of the area is conceived as the northern and eastern political boundaries of South West Africa, South Africa and Swaziland. Botswana, traditionally included in the area covered by the Flora Zambesiaca, thus forms a large wedge in 'Southern Africa'.

Philosophical Transactions

Philosophical Transactions
Biological sciences

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Each issue of Transactions B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences, including clinical science. All papers are peer reviewed and edited to the highest standards. Published on the 29th of each month, Transactions B is essential reading for all biologists.

Advances in Quaternary Entomology

Advances in Quaternary Entomology
A Book

by Scott Elias

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2009-08-18
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 9780080958491
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Advances in Quaternary Entomology addresses the science of fossil insects by demonstrating their immense contribution to our knowledge of the paleoenvironmental and climatological record of the past 2.6 million years. In this comprehensive survey of the field, Scott A. Elias recounts development of scholarship, reviews the fossil insect record from Quaternary deposits throughout the world, and points to rewarding areas for future research. The study of Quaternary entomology is becoming an important tool in understanding past environmental changes. Most insects are quite specific as to habitat requirements, and those in non-island environments have undergone almost no evolutionary change in the Quaternary period. We therefore can use their modern ecological requirements as a basis for interpreting what past environments must have been like. Describes and identifies principal characteristics of fossil insect groups of the Quaternary period Ties Quaternary insect studies to the larger field of paleoecology Offers global coverage of the subject with specific regional examples Illustrates specific methods and procedures for conducting research in Quaternary Entomology Offers unique insight into overlying trends and broader implications of Quaternary climate change based on insect life of the period

Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity

Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity
A Book

by Carina Hoorn,Allison Perrigo,Alexandre Antonelli

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-04-30
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 1119159873
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity: A comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis for students and researchers Mountains are topographically complex formations that play a fundamental role in regional and continental-scale climates. They are also cradles to all major river systems and home to unique, and often highly biodiverse and threatened, ecosystems. But how do all these processes tie together to form the patterns of diversity we see today? Written by leading researchers in the fields of geology, biology, climate, and geography, this book explores the relationship between mountain building and climate change, and how these processes shape biodiversity through time and space. In the first two sections, you will learn about the processes, theory, and methods connecting mountain building and biodiversity In the third section, you will read compelling examples from around the world exploring the links between mountains, climate and biodiversity Throughout the 31 peer-reviewed chapters, a non-technical style and synthetic illustrations make this book accessible to a wide audience A comprehensive glossary summarises the main concepts and terminology Readership: Mountains, Climate and Biodiversity is intended for students and researchers in geosciences, biology and geography. It is specifically compiled for those who are interested in historical biogeography, biodiversity and conservation.

Methods in Quaternary Ecology

Methods in Quaternary Ecology
A Book

by Geological Association of Canada

  • Publisher : St. John's, Nfld. : Geological Association of Canada
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-03-25
  • Pages : 3888
  • ISBN : 0444536426
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The second revised edition of the Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, provides both students and professionals with an up-to-date reference work on this important and highly varied area of research. There are lots of new articles, and many of the articles that appeared in the first edition have been updated to reflect advances in knowledge since 2006, when the original articles were written. The second edition will contain about 375 articles, written by leading experts around the world. This major reference work is richly illustrated with more than 3,000 illustrations, most of them in colour. Research in the Quaternary sciences has advanced greatly in the last 10 years, especially since topics like global climate change, geologic hazards and soil erosion were put high on the political agenda. This second edition builds upon its award-winning predecessor to provide the reader assured quality along with essential updated coverage Contains 357 broad-ranging articles (4310 pages) written at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with a ready reference resource for information in the field. Facilitates teaching and learning The first edition was regarded by many as the most significant single overview of Quaternary science ever, yet Editor-in-Chief, Scott Elias, has managed to surpass that in this second edition by securing even more expert reviews whilst retaining his renowned editorial consistency that enables readers to navigates seamlessly from one unfamiliar topic to the next

Climate Change and Human Responses

Climate Change and Human Responses
A Zooarchaeological Perspective

by Gregory Monks

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-03-21
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 9402411062
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book contributes to the current discussion on climate change by presenting selected studies on the ways in which past human groups responded to climatic and environmental change. In particular, the chapters show how these responses are seen in the animal remains that people left behind in their occupation sites. Many of these bones represent food remains, so the environments in which these animals lived can be identified and human use of those environments can be understood. In the case of climatic change resulting in environmental change, these animal remains can indicate that a change has occurred, in climate, environment and human adaptation, and can also indicate the specific details of those changes.

Urumaco and Venezuelan Paleontology

Urumaco and Venezuelan Paleontology
The Fossil Record of the Northern Neotropics

by Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra,Orangel A. Aguilera,Alfredo A. Carlini

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 2010-07-16
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0253002001
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Urumaco and Venezuelan Paleontology offers a synthesis of the paleontological record of Venezuela, including new discoveries on stratigraphy, paleobotany, fossil invertebrates, and vertebrates. Besides providing a critical summary of the record of decapods, fishes, crocodiles, turtles, rodents, armadillos, and ungulates, several chapters introduce new information on the distribution and paleobiology of groups not previously studied in this part of the world. Given its position in the northern neotropics, close to the Panamanian land bridge, Venezuela is a key location for understanding faunal exchanges between the Americas in the recent geological past. The book reviews the recent paleobotanical and vertebrate fossil record of the region, provides an understanding of Pleistocene climatic change and biogeography for the last few thousand years, and integrates new information with summaries of Spanish language works on Venezuelan geology and paleontology.