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Recent Trends in Biofilm Science and Technology

Recent Trends in Biofilm Science and Technology
A Book

by Manuel Simoes,Anabel Borges,Lucia Chaves Simoes

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-06-04
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0128194987
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recent Trends in Biofilm Science and Technology helps researchers working on fundamental aspects of biofilm formation and control conduct biofilm studies and interpret results. The book provides a remarkable amount of knowledge on the processes that regulate biofilm formation, the methods used, monitoring characterization and mathematical modeling, the problems/advantages caused by their presence in the food industry, environment and medical fields, and the current and emergent strategies for their control. Research on biofilms has progressed rapidly in the last decade due to the fact that biofilms have required the development of new analytical tools and new collaborations between biologists, engineers and mathematicians. Presents an overview of the process of biofilm formation and its implications Provides a clearer understanding of the role of biofilms in infections Creates a foundation for further research on novel control strategies Updates readers on the remarkable amount of knowledge on the processes that regulate biofilm formation

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biofilms

New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biofilms
Current Research and Future Trends in Microbial Biofilms

by Mukesh Kumar Yadav,Bhim Pratap Singh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-10-10
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 0444642803
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New and Future Developments in Microbial Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Microbial Biofilms is divided into three sections: microbial adhesion/biofilms in medical settings, microbial adhesion/biofilms in agriculture, and microbial adhesion/biofilm in the environment and industry. Chapters cover adhesion and biofilm formation by pathogenic microbes on tissue and on indwelling medical devices, including sections on human infections, microbial communication during biofilm mode of growth, host defense and antimicrobial resistance, and more. Other sections cover the biofilms of agriculturally important and environmental friendly microbes, including biofilm formation on plants, in soil, and in aquatic environments. Finally, the latest scientific research on microbial adhesion and biofilm formation in the environment and in industry is covered. Provides an overview on the growth, structure, cell-to-cell interactions, and control/dispersal of bacterial and fungal of in vitro and in vivo biofilms Presents an overview on the microbial adhesion, biofilm formation and structures of single-species and multi-species biofilms on human tissues/medical devices, agriculture, environment and chemical industries Includes chapters on microbial biofilms of pathogenic microbes on human tissues and in medical indwelling devices Covers factors affecting microbial biofilm, adhesion and formation

Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells

Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells
A Book

by Patit Paban Kundu,Kingshuk Dutta

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-06-07
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0444640185
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Progress and Recent Trends in Microbial Fuel Cells provides an in-depth analysis of the fundamentals, working principles, applications and advancements (including commercialization aspects) made in the field of Microbial Fuel Cells research, with critical analyses and opinions from experts around the world. Microbial Fuel cell, as a potential alternative energy harnessing device, has been progressing steadily towards fruitful commercialization. Involvements of electrolyte membranes and catalysts have been two of the most critical factors toward achieving this progress. Added applications of MFCs in areas of bio-hydrogen production and wastewater treatment have made this technology extremely attractive and important. . Reviews and compares MFCs with other alternative energy harnessing devices, particularly in comparison to other fuel cells. Analyses developments of electrolyte membranes, electrodes, catalysts and biocatalysts as critical components of MFCs, responsible for their present and future progress. Includes commercial aspects of MFCs in terms of (i) generation of electricity, (ii) microbial electrolysis cell, (iii) microbial desalination cell, and (iv) wastewater and sludge treatment.

Biofilms - Science and Technology

Biofilms - Science and Technology
A Book

by L. Melo,T.R. Bott,M. Fletcher,B. Capdeville

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 708
  • ISBN : 9401118248
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofilms -- Science and Technology covers the main topics of biofilm formation and activity, from basic science to applied aspects in engineering and medicine. The book presents a masterly discussion of microbial adhesion, the metabolism of microorganisms in biofilms, modelling of mass transfer and biological reaction within biofilms, as well as the behaviour of these microbial communities in industry (waste water treatment, heat exchanger biofouling, membranes, food processing) and in medicine (teeth, implants, prosthetic devices). Laboratory techniques and industrial monitoring methods are also presented. The book is directed at readers at the postgraduate level and is organised as a textbook, containing 11 chapters, a glossary, and a detailed subject index.

Biotechnology: Recent Trends and Emerging Dimensions

Biotechnology: Recent Trends and Emerging Dimensions
A Book

by Atul Bhargava,Shilpi Srivastava

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-11-22
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 1351359339
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biotechnology is a multidisciplinary field encompassing microbiology, bichemistry, genetics, molecular biology, chemistry, immunology, cell and tissue culture physiology. This book describes the recent developments in these areas. Current research topics such as Quorum sensing, Integrons, Phytomining are discussed, which would serve as an excellent reference work for both academicians and researchers in the field.

Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment

Microbial Biofilms in Bioremediation and Wastewater Treatment
A Book

by Y.V. Nancharaiah,Vayalam P. Venugopalan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-10-18
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 1351857320
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofilms represent the natural living style of microbial communities and play a pivotal role in biogeochemical cycles and natural attenuation. Biofilms can be engineered for biodegradation and biotransformation of organic and inorganic contaminants, for both in situ bioremediation and ex situ treatment in bioreactors. This book focuses on microbial biofilms and their potential technological applications for sustainable development. It covers recent advances in biofilm technologies for contaminant remediation coupled to recovery of resources and serves as a complete reference on the science and technology behind biofilm mediated bioremediation and wastewater treatment.

Biofilms - Science and Technology

Biofilms - Science and Technology
A Book

by Luis Melo,T.R. Bott,MADILYN FLETCHER,B. Capdeville

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1992-11-30
  • Pages : 708
  • ISBN : 9780792320227
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofilms -- Science and Technology covers the main topics of biofilm formation and activity, from basic science to applied aspects in engineering and medicine. The book presents a masterly discussion of microbial adhesion, the metabolism of microorganisms in biofilms, modelling of mass transfer and biological reaction within biofilms, as well as the behaviour of these microbial communities in industry (waste water treatment, heat exchanger biofouling, membranes, food processing) and in medicine (teeth, implants, prosthetic devices). Laboratory techniques and industrial monitoring methods are also presented. The book is directed at readers at the postgraduate level and is organised as a textbook, containing 11 chapters, a glossary, and a detailed subject index.

Emerging Trends in Disruptive Technology Management for Sustainable Development

Emerging Trends in Disruptive Technology Management for Sustainable Development
A Book

by Rik Das,Mahua Banerjee,Sourav De

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-11-05
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 1000711757
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Interdisciplinary approaches using Machine Learning and Deep Learning techniques are smartly addressing real life challenges and have emerged as an inseparable element of disruption in current times. Applications of Disruptive Technology in Management practices are an ever interesting domain for researchers and professionals. This volume entitled Emerging Trends in Disruptive Technology Management for Sustainable Development has attempted to collate five different interesting research approaches that have innovatively reflected diverse potential of disruptive trends in the era of 4th. Industrial Revolution. The uniqueness of the volume is going to cater the entrepreneurs and professionals in the domain of artificial intelligence, machine learning, deep learning etc. with its unique propositions in each of the chapters. The volume is surely going to be a significant source of knowledge and inspiration to those aspiring minds endeavouring to shape their futures in the area of applied research in machine learning and computer vision. The expertise and experiences of the contributing authors to this volume is encompassing different fields of proficiencies. This has set an excellent prelude to discover the correlation among multidisciplinary approaches of innovation. Covering a broad range of topics initiating from IoT based sustainable development to crowd sourcing concepts with a blend of applied machine learning approaches has made this volume a must read to inquisitive wits. Features Assorted approaches to interdisciplinary research using disruptive trends Focus on application of disruptive technology in technology management Focus on role of disruptive technology on sustainable development Promoting green IT with disruptive technology The book is meant to benefit several categories of students and researchers. At the students' level, this book can serve as a treatise/reference book for the special papers at the masters level aimed at inspiring possibly future researchers. Newly inducted PhD aspirants would also find the contents of this book useful as far as their compulsory course-works are concerned. At the researchers' level, those interested in interdisciplinary research would also be benefited from the book. After all, the enriched interdisciplinary contents of the book would always be a subject of interest to the faculties, existing research communities and new research aspirants from diverse disciplines of the concerned departments of premier institutes across the globe. This is expected to bring different research backgrounds (due to its cross platform characteristics) close to one another to form effective research groups all over the world. Above all, availability of the book should be ensured to as much universities and research institutes as possible through whatever graceful means it may be. Hope this volume will cater as a ready reference to your quest for diving deep into the ocean of technology management for 4th. Industrial Revolution.

Biofilms in the Food and Beverage Industries

Biofilms in the Food and Beverage Industries
A Book

by P M Fratamico,B A Annous,N W Guenther

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2009-09-22
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 1845697162
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When bacteria attach to and colonise the surfaces of food processing equipment and foods products themselves, there is a risk that biofilms may form. Human pathogens in biofilms can be harder to remove than free microorganisms and may therefore pose a more significant food safety risk. Biofilms in the food and beverage industries reviews the formation of biofilms in these sectors and best practices for their control. The first part of the book considers fundamental aspects such as molecular mechanisms of biofilm formation by food-associated bacteria and methods for biofilm imaging, quantification and monitoring. Part two then reviews biofilm formation by different microorganisms. Chapters in Part three focus on significant issues related to biofilm prevention and removal. Contributions on biofilms in particular food industry sectors, such as dairy and red meat processing and fresh produce, complete the collection. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Biofilms in the food and beverage industries is a highly beneficial reference for microbiologists and those in industry responsible for food safety. Considers fundamental aspects concerning the ecology and characteristics of biofilms and considers methods for their detection Examines biofilm formation by different micro-organisms such as samonella and food spoilage Discusses specific issues related to biofilm prevention and removal, such as cleaning and sanitation of food contact surfaces and food processing equipment

Recent Trends in Image Processing and Pattern Recognition

Recent Trends in Image Processing and Pattern Recognition
Third International Conference, RTIP2R 2020, Aurangabad, India, January 3–4, 2020, Revised Selected Papers, Part I

by K. C. Santosh

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811605076
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bacterial Biofilms and Their Control in Medicine and Industry

Bacterial Biofilms and Their Control in Medicine and Industry
Contributions Made at the Inaugural Meeting of the British Biofilms Club Held at Gregynog Hall, Powys, 31 March-2 April, 1993

by Julian W. T. Wimpenny,British Biofilms Club

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biofilm Systems IV

Biofilm Systems IV
A Book

by F. Rogalla,Mark C. M. van Loosdrecht

  • Publisher : International Water Assn
  • Release : 2000-05-31
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the last decade biofilm systems have made staggering progress. With adaptation of the process to nitrogen removal, trickling filters have become an economical alternative to activated sludge, enabling the upgrading of thousands of plants. Better understanding of rotating biological contractors has made them a preferred technology for small-scale plants, and there is growing use of biological aerated filters, especially in small-footprint nitrogen removal. High-rate fluidised bed or airlift reactors, both anaerobic and aerobic, with and without carriers, have shown their efficiency in several hundred industrial applications, leading to applications in municipal treatment. Moving bed biofilm reactors now compete with hybrid systems for upgrading existing activated sludge basins. The biofilm conference also brings together professionals studying clean water aspects of biofilms with those applying them to wastewater reactors. While the latter use the growth of fixed bacteria to optimise the efficiency of treatment systems, the former aim to combat formation of biofilms in distribution networks. But many tools for analysis and modelling can be shared, and the knowledge of what favours biofilm growth and performance can be used to inhibit their occurrence. These proceedings offer an unrivalled authoritative collection of current work worldwide on the research, development and application of biofilm systems.

Journal of Food Protection

Journal of Food Protection
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Understanding Stress Response in Desulfovibrio Vulgaris Hildenborough

Understanding Stress Response in Desulfovibrio Vulgaris Hildenborough
A Proteomics Approach

by Alyssa Marie Redding

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Egg Science and Technology

Egg Science and Technology
A Book

by William J Stadelman,Debbie Newkirk,Lynne Newby

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-12-14
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN : 1351453718
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Here is the complete source of information on egg handling, processing, and utilization. Egg Science and Technology, Fourth Edition covers all aspects of grading, packaging, and merchandising of shell eggs. Full of the information necessary to stay current in the field, Egg Science and Technology remains the essential reference for everyone involved in the egg industry. In this updated guide, experts in the field review the egg industry and examine egg production practices, quality identification and control, egg and egg product chemistry, and specialized processes such as freezing, pasteurization, desugarization, and dehydration. This updated edition explores new and recent trends in the industry and new material on the microbiology of shell eggs, and it presents a brand-new chapter on value-added products. Readers can seek out the most current information available in all areas of egg handling and discover totally new material relative to fractionation of egg components for high value, nonfood uses. Contributing authors to Egg Science and Technology present chapters that cover myriad topics, ranging from egg production practices to nonfood uses of eggs. Some of these specific subjects include: handling shell eggs to maintain quality at a level for customer satisfaction trouble shooting problems during handling chemistry of the egg, emphasizing nutritional value and potential nonfood uses merchandising shell eggs to maximize sales in refrigerated dairy sales cases conversion of shell eggs to liquid, frozen, and dried products value added products and opportunities for merchandising egg products as consumers look for greater convenience Egg Science and Technology is a must-have reference for agricultural libraries. It is also an excellent text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in food science, animal science, and poultry departments and is an ideal guide for professionals in related food industries, regulatory agencies, and research groups.

Pulp and Paper Industry

Pulp and Paper Industry
Microbiological Issues in Papermaking

by Pratima Bajpai

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-04-09
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 0128034262
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pulp and Paper Industry: Microbiological Issues in Papermaking features in-depth and thorough coverage of microbiological issues in papermaking and their consequences and the current state of the different alternatives for prevention, treatment and control of biofilm/slime considering the impact of the actual technological changes in papermaking on the control programmes. The microbial issues in paper mill systems, chemistry of deposits on paper machines, the strategies for deposit control and methods used for the analysis of biofouling are all dealt in this book along with various growth prevention methods. The traditional use of biocides is discussed taken into account the new environmental regulations regarding their use. Finally, discusses the trends regarding the future of the microbiological control in papermaking systems. In-depth coverage of microbiological issues in papermaking and their consequences Discusses eco-efficient processes (green processes) for biofilm/slime control Offers a thorough review of the current literature with links to the primary literature Comprehensive indexing Author is an authority in the pulp and paper industry

Biotechnology: Recent Trends and Emerging Dimensions

Biotechnology: Recent Trends and Emerging Dimensions
A Book

by Atul Bhargava,Shilpi Srivastava

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-11-22
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 1351359347
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biotechnology is a multidisciplinary field encompassing microbiology, bichemistry, genetics, molecular biology, chemistry, immunology, cell and tissue culture physiology. This book describes the recent developments in these areas. Current research topics such as Quorum sensing, Integrons, Phytomining are discussed, which would serve as an excellent reference work for both academicians and researchers in the field.

Science and Technology Against Microbial Pathogens

Science and Technology Against Microbial Pathogens
Research, Development and Evaluation

by A Mendez-Vilas

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2011-07-06
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9814458694
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of this book is to disseminate the most recent research in science and technology against microbial pathogens presented at the first edition of the ICAR Conference Series (ICAR2010) held in Valladolid, Spain, in November 2010. This volume is a compilation of 86 chapters written by active researchers that offer information and experiences and afford critical insights into anti-microbe strategies in a general context marked by the threat posed by the increasing antimicrobial resistance of pathogenic microorganisms. “Anti” is here taken in a wide sense as “against cell cycle, adhesion, or communication”, and when harmful for the human health (infectious diseases, chemotherapy etc.) and industry or economy (food, agriculture, water systems etc.) The book examines this interesting subject area from antimicrobial resistance (superbugs, emerging and re-emerging pathogens etc.), to the use of natural products or microbes against microbial pathogens, not forgetting antimicrobial chemistry, physics and material science. Readers will find in a single volume, up-to-date information of the current knowledge in antimicrobial research. The book is recommended for researchers from a broad range of academic disciplines that are contributing in the battle against harmful microorganisms, not only those more traditionally involved in this research area (microbiologists, biochemists, geneticists, clinicians etc.), but also experimental and theoretical/computational chemists, physicists or engineers. Contents:Antimicrobial Peptides:A new class of Scots pine antimicrobial proteins, which act by binding β-glucan (Sanjeewani Sooriyaarachchi, Adrian Suárez Covarrubias, Wimal Ubhayasekera, Frederick O Asiegbu and Sherry L Mowbray)Antimicrobial aza-β3-peptides: Structure-activity relationship? (B Legrand, M Laurencin, C Zatylny-Gaudin, J Henry, A Bondon and M Baudy Floc'h)Differential antimicrobial activities of Human Beta-Defensins against Methicillin Resistant (MRSA) and Methicillin sensitive (MSSA) Staphylococcus aureus (N D S Herathge, J T George and D A Rowley)Non-antibiotics Biocides:Evaluation of biocidal activity of Evolyse, a disinfectant based on hydrogen peroxide and silver nitrate (M Barbara Pisano, V Altana, M Elisabetta Fadda, L Mura, M Deplano and S Cosentino)Increased resistance to detergent in Enterococcus faecalis (Jacqueline Keyhani and Ezzatollah Keyhani)Legionella pneumophila isolation rate in a Spanish hospital pre- and post-installation of an electrochemical activation system for potable water disinfection (Jose-Maria Rivera, Juan-Jose Granizo, Jose-Maria Aguiar, Ana Vos-Arenilla, Maria-Jose Giménez and Lorenzo Aguilar)Antimicrobial Evaluation: Clinical and Pre-clinical Trials:Adherence to ART and its associated factors among HIV Aids Patients in Addis Ababa (Ezra Muluneh)Effectiveness and safety of miconazole with hydrocortisone (Daktacort) feminine care cream in the treatment of vulvar candidiasis (J Perez-Peralta and G Balaccua)Natural Products: Terrestrial and Marine Organisms:Analysis of the 2-Phenylethyl isothiocyanate present in Brassica leaves and their potential application as antimicrobial agent against bacteria strains isolated from Human and Pig gastrointestinal tracts (A Aires, C Dias, R N Bennett, E A S Rosa and M J Saavedra)Antimicrobial effect of carvacrol on Escherichia coli K12 growth at different temperatures (C M Belda-Galbis, A Martínez and D Rodrigo)Bacteriostatic effect of cocoa powder rich in polyphenols to control Cronobacter sakazakii proliferation on infant milk formula (M C Pina-Pérez, D Rodrigo and A Martínez-López)Antimicrobial Surfaces. Biofilms. Quorum Sensing. Consumer Products:Antimicrobial active packaging films based on sorbic acid (C Hauser, J Wunderlich and G Ziegleder)Bacteriophages actions on Salmonella Enteritidis biofilm (A A Ferreira, R C S Mendonça, H M Hungaro, M M Carvalho and J A M Pereira)Biocompatibility and antibacterial property of cold sprayed ZnO/Titanium composite coating (Noppakun Sanpo, Chen Hailan, Kelvin Loke, Koh Pak Keng, Philip Cheang, C C Berndt and K A Khor)Methods and Techniques. Mechanisms of Action. Physics:A new approach for detection of bacterial contamination in cooling lubricants (D Oberschmidt, A Spielvogel, C Hein, J E Langbein, D Lorenz, U Stahl and E Uhlmann)Development of a liquid-medium assay for screening antimicrobial natural products against marine bacteria (M Geiger, J Dupont, O Grovel, Y F Pouchus and P Hess)Experimental planning can help to optimize the selective photoinactivation of microorganisms (J R Perussi, P L Fernandes, C Bernal and H Imasato)Resistance and Susceptibility:A 3-year review on the profile of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative in a tertiary teaching hospital inMalaysia (H Habsah, Z Z Deris, M Zeehaida, A R Zaidah, H Siti Asma' and I Nabilah)Antimicrobial susceptibility in clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus harbouring of mecA and lukFS-PV genes in Northern Portugal (N Silva, C Prudêncio, C Tomaz and R Fernandes)Antimicrobial susceptibility profile and effect of stem bark extracts of Curtisia dentata on multi-drug resistant verotoxic Escherichia coli and Acinetobacter spp. isolates obtained from water and wastewater samples (Hamuel James Doughari, Patrick Alois Ndakidemi, Izanne Susan Human and Spinney Benade)Chemistry:Antimicrobial cyclic pseudopeptides including Aza-β3-amino acids (M Laurencin, B Legrand, L Mouret, A Bondon, Y Fleury and M Baudy Floc'h)Effect of paracetamol on the pharmacokinetics of cephalexin in dogs (N A Afifi, M Atef, K Abo-El-Sooud and N El-Mokadem)Importance of the C9 absolute configuration for the antifungal activity of natural and semisynthetic sesquiterpenes (M Derita, M Di Liberto and S Zacchino)Antimicrobial Microbes and Viruses. Biosynthesis of Antibiotics:Antimicrobial properties of Lactobacillus plantarum Tensia (DSM 21380) and Inducia (DSM 21379) (M Rätsep, P Hütt, R Avi, M Utt and E Songisepp)Cell growth control by tRNase ribotoxins from bacteria and yeast (Eyemen Kheir, Christian Bär, Daniel Jablonowski and Raffael Schaffrath)Comparison of anti-listerial effect spectrum of bacteriocins (Selin Kalkan, Emel Ünal and Zerrin Erginkaya)and other papers Readership: Professionals - microbiologists, biochemists, geneticists, clinicians, chemists, physicists, engineers. Keywords:Antimicrobial Research;Antimicrobial Resistance;Antimicrobial in Natural Products;Antimicrobial Microbes;Antimicrobial Materials Science and Surface Chemistry;Microbial Pathogens;Antibacterial;Antifungal;ICAR2010 Conference Proceedings Book;Mendez-VilasKey Features:The book examines this interesting subject area from antimicrobial resistance (superbugs, emerging and re-emerging pathogens etc.), to the use of natural products or microbes against microbial pathogens, not forgetting the antimicrobial chemistry, physics and material scienceReaders will be able to find updated information of the current knowledge in antimicrobial research

Extracellular Polymeric Substances - the Construction Material of Biofilms

Extracellular Polymeric Substances - the Construction Material of Biofilms
A Book

by Hans-Curt Flemming,A. Leis

  • Publisher : International Water Assn
  • Release : 2001-03-31
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microbial extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) provide the structural matrix for all microbial aggregates such as biofilms, flocs and sludge, and are of great technical and ecological importance. EPS provide and form the space between biofilm cells, mediating both cohesion and adhesion. They serve as a multipurpose functional matrix for microbial communities, which allows the establishment of stable microconsortia. The EPS matrix governs diffusional and convectional mass transport because it occurs in various densities, including void spaces such as pores and channels. This creates different types of physico-chemical gradients, providing habitats in which aerobic and anaerobic organisms can coexist in close proximity and largely independent of the conditions in the water phase. Major aspects of EPS include mechanical stability, as in the case of biofouling when unwanted biofilms have to be removed, and the stability of biofilms in bioreactors; interaction with substrata in bioleaching, biocorrosion, and biodeterioration; sorption capacity for dissolved and particulate substances (biosorption), representing both a sink and source of sorbed material; enhanced resistance of biofilm organisms to biocides. The 25 peer-reviewed articles selected for these proceedings provde both a starting point for newcomers to the field and a state-of-the-art survey for the more experienced. With a diversity of approaches, ranging from sophisticated microanalysis to industrial applications, these papers provide a broad understanding of EPS from the viewpoints of microbiologists, polymer scientists, chemists and engineers, and showing how EPS may be seen as the key to understanding and controlling all forms of microbial aggregates.

Microalgae

Microalgae
Cultivation, Recovery of Compounds and Applications

by Charis M. Galanakis

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-10-05
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN : 0128232145
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microalgae: Cultivation, Recovery of Compounds and Applications supports the scientific community, professionals and enterprises that aspire to develop industrial and commercialized applications of microalgae cultivation. Topics covered include conventional and emerging cultivation and harvesting techniques of microalgae, design, transport phenomena models of microalgae growth in photobioreactors, and the catalytic conversion of microalgae. A significant focus of the book illustrates how marine algae can increase sustainability in industries like food, agriculture, biofuel and bioprocessing, among others. This book is a complete reference for food scientists, technologists and engineers working in the bioresource technology field. It will be of particular interest to academics and professionals working in the food industry, food processing, chemical engineering and biotechnology. Explores emerging technologies for the clean recovery of antioxidants from microalgae Includes edible oil and biofuels production, functional food, cosmetics and animal feed applications Discusses microalgae use in sustainable agriculture and wastewater treatment Considers the techno-economic aspects of microalgae processing for biofuel, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and bioplastics