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Recycling of Flexible Plastic Packaging

Recycling of Flexible Plastic Packaging
A Book

by Michael Niaounakis

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2019-12-04
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 0128166037
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recycling of Flexible Plastic Packaging presents thorough and detailed information on the management and recycling of flexible plastic packaging, focusing on the latest actual/potential methods and techniques and offering actionable solutions that minimize waste and increase product efficiency and sustainability. Sections cover flexible plastic packaging and its benefits, applications and challenges. This is followed by in-depth coverage of the materials, types and forms of flexible packaging. Other key discussions cover collection and pre-treatment, volume reduction, separation from other materials, chemical recycling, post-processing and reuse, current regulations and policies, economic aspects and immediate trends. This information will be highly valuable to engineers, scientists and R&D professionals across industry. In addition, it will also be of great interest to researchers in academia, those in government, or anyone with an interest in recycling who is looking to further advance and implement recycling methods for flexible plastic packaging. Presents state-of-the-art methods and technologies regarding the processing of flexible plastic packaging waste Addresses the challenges currently associated with both waste management and available recycling methods Opens the door to innovation, supporting improved recycling methods, manufacturing efficiency and industrial sustainability

Flexible Laminates Within the Circular Economy

Flexible Laminates Within the Circular Economy
A Book

by Ulphard Thoden van Velzen,Lisanne de Weert,Karin Molenveld

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 36
  • ISBN : 9789463953702
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report focusses on flexible laminated packages that are composed out of multiple polymer types and their impact on the recycling chains. Approximately 3-4% of the packaging products used in Europe is a laminated flexible packaging film. By nature, these films are either more difficult to recycle than mono-material packaging products, or even impossible to recycle. In the Netherlands roughly 65% of the laminated flexibles are discarded with the mixed municipal solid waste and 35% are collected in separate collection schemes for lightweight packaging wastes. After sorting the laminates are distributed over the various sorted products; roughly 60% ends up in the sorted product MIX, 25% in the sorted product FILM, 10% in the various sorting residues and 5% in valuable sorting products like PP and PE where they may hinder recycling of these valuable sorting products. Current and future options for the waste management of multi-material laminated flexible packaging films include mechanical-, chemical- and organic recycling. Next to technical feasibility and technical hurdles there are various practical and economical limitations and acceptance issues that presently limit recycling of flexible laminates. Most stakeholders involved in plastic packaging are committed to develop a more sustainable, circular plastics industry. Despite the willingness of industry to move to sustainable and recyclable packaging products there are numerous challenges with respect to flexible laminates for packaging applications. Strategies to improve the end-of-life options for flexible laminates can be categorised in four main categories; avoid the use of laminates, redesign the laminates, redesign the collection & recycling scheme or improve the sort-ability and recognisability. As a first step (agreement on) a precise definition of recyclability is needed to allow evaluation of the recyclability of laminated flexible packages. This implies that a test method is needed to verify if newly developed laminated flexibles are recyclable

Collection & recycling of plastic waste

Collection & recycling of plastic waste
Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems in the Nordic countries

by Anna Fråne,Åsa Stenmarck,Stefán Gíslason,Kari-Anne Lyng,Søren Løkke,Malin zu Castell-Rüdenhausen,Margareta Wahlström

  • Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Release : 2014-06-10
  • Pages : 135
  • ISBN : 9289328045
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first report from the project “Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems for plastic waste from households and other municipal waste sources” is focused on describing the existing situation when it comes to collection and recycling of plastic waste in the Nordic countries. The streams covered are (all from both households and other MSW sources): • Plastic packaging waste. • Non-packaging small plastic waste. • Plastic bulky waste. Similarities and differences among the Nordic countries are presented in the report. The findings provide input into the development of suggestions for improvements. The report is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers’ green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth.” Read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway. org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth The report for Part 2 will be published in December 2014.

Future solutions for Nordic plastic recycling

Future solutions for Nordic plastic recycling

by Anna Fråne,Åsa Stenmarck,Stefán Gíslason,Søren Løkke,Malin zu Castell Rüdenhausen,Hanne L Raadal,Margareta Wahlström

  • Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Release : 2015-03-02
  • Pages : 46
  • ISBN : 9289339497
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Future solutions for Nordic plastic recycling contains suggestions on how to collect and recycle more of the generated plastic waste from households and other MSW sources in the Nordic region. The solutions suggested are focused on providing higher availability to collection systems, to focus less on packaging and more on plastic, to have flexible sorting and recycling systems,and to pave the way for a well-functioning, transparent market for recycled plastics that absorbs the collected material. More extensive Nordic cooperation, both on a basis of knowledge exchange and on a practical level, is believed to favour Nordic plastic collection and recycling. The report is part of the Nordic Prime Ministers' green growth initiative: “The Nordic Region – leading in green growth”. Read more in the web magazine “Green Growth the Nordic Way” at www.nordicway.org or at www.norden.org/greengrowth

Plastics in Packaging - Western Europe and North America

Plastics in Packaging - Western Europe and North America
A Book

by R. Hd Beswick,D. J. Dunn

  • Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
  • Release : 2002-01-01
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 1859573290
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report provides an overview of the plastic packaging supply chain from materials to disposal. Information is included on market sizes and trends relevant to this chain. It includes a review of key factors affecting the industry, such as the need for recycling, and new developments in plastics used in packaging. This report includes a description of plastic material types and properties relevant to packaging. Tables of comparative data are included.

Materials and Development of Plastics Packaging for the Consumer Market

Materials and Development of Plastics Packaging for the Consumer Market
A Book

by Geoff A. Giles,David R. Bain

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 9780849305078
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Plastics packaging plays an increasing role in marketing, conveying, and protecting products in the fast moving consumer goods market. Plastics packaging is lightweight and tough, can be manufactured, filled and packed at high speed - contributing to reduced costs and the minimization of packaging in the supply chain. Designed as a practical handbook Materials and Development of Plastics Packaging for the Consumer Market covers the materials and development of plastics packaging for food, beverages, household, and personal care products. The book takes you through the opportunities and performance elements related to the use of plastics materials in packaging. Topics range from environmental considerations and recycling, materials and development in this sector of the packaging industry, and barrier properties in relation to types of plastics. Dispensing and reclosing systems provide consumer convenience. Tamper-evident and child-resistant closures contribute to safety. At the end of their lifecycle, plastics pack can be disposed of safely by a number of environmentally acceptable options - mechanical recycling, chemical recycling or incineration with energy recovery. With the range of benefits available, it is not surprising that plastics are the materials of choice for many packaging applications. Materials and Development of Plastics Packaging for the Consumer Market gives you the information you need to make more informed choices in the selection and use of the available materials.

Economic Policy Instruments for Plastic Waste

Economic Policy Instruments for Plastic Waste
A review with Nordic perspectives

by Magnus Hennlock,Malin zu Castell-Rüdenhausen,Margareta Wahlström,Birgitte Kjær,Leonidas Milios,Eldbjørg Vea,David Watson,Ole Jørgen Hanssen,Anna Fråne,Åsa Stenmarc,Haben Tekie

  • Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Release : 2015-03-18
  • Pages : 115
  • ISBN : 9289338911
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Achieving a high quality of waste plastic materials and recycling processes is a key challenge in closing the resource loops for plastics. This report reviews the status and trends for plastic waste flows and treatment in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Furthermore, it gives an overview of existing policy instruments and the main challenges for designing policy instruments for improved recycling of plastic waste in these Nordic countries. The report identifies potential market failures associated with closing the resource loops for plastics. It reviews the economics research literature on policy instrument design for achieving optimal recycling rates and makes policy recommendations from the Nordic perspective. Finally, it presents results from a survey on market conditions to managers in the recycling and plastic manufacturing industry in Sweden.

Understanding Plastics Packaging Technology

Understanding Plastics Packaging Technology
A Book

by Susan E. M. Selke

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997-01-01
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 9783446186842
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Impact of Policy Interactions on the Recycling of Plastic Packaging Waste in Germany

The Impact of Policy Interactions on the Recycling of Plastic Packaging Waste in Germany
A Book

by Carsten Gandenberger,Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 44
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recycling of Polyurethane Foams

Recycling of Polyurethane Foams
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Ajay Vasudeo Rane,Krishnan Kanny,Abitha VK,Martin George Thomas

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2018-06-06
  • Pages : 146
  • ISBN : 0323511341
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Recycling of Polyurethane Foams introduces the main degradation/depolymerization processes and pathways of polyurethane foam materials, focusing on industrial case studies and academic reviews from recent research and development projects. The book can aid practitioners in understanding the basis of polymer degradation and its relationship with industrial processes, which can be of substantial value to industrial complexes the world over. The main pathways of polymer recycling via different routes and industrial schemes are detailed, covering all current techniques, including regrinding, rebinding, adhesive pressing and compression moulding of recovered PU materials that are then compared with depolymerization approaches. The book examines life cycle assessment and cost analysis associated with polyurethane foams waste management, showing the potential of various techniques. This book will help academics and researchers identify and improve on current depolymerization processes, and it will help industry sustainability professionals choose the appropriate approach for their own waste management systems, thus minimizing the costs and environmental impact of their PU-based end products. Offers a comprehensive review of all polyurethane foam recycling processes, including both chemical and mechanical approaches Assesses the potential of each recycling process Helps industry-based practitioners decide which approach to take to minimize the cost and environmental impact of their end product Enables academics and researchers to identify and improve upon current processes of degradation and depolymerization

Plastics Recycling

Plastics Recycling
Problems and Possibilities : Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Environment and Employment of the Committee on Small Business, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, Washington, DC, February 25, 1992

by United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Small Business. Subcommittee on Environment and Employment

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 195
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Packaging for Sustainability

Packaging for Sustainability
A Book

by Karli Verghese,Helen Lewis,Leanne Fitzpatrick

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-03-17
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0857299875
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The packaging industry is under pressure from regulators, customers and other stakeholders to improve packaging’s sustainability by reducing its environmental and societal impacts. This is a considerable challenge because of the complex interactions between products and their packaging, and the many roles that packaging plays in the supply chain. Packaging for Sustainability is a concise and readable handbook for practitioners who are trying to implement sustainability strategies for packaging. Industry case studies are used throughout the book to illustrate possible applications and scenarios. Packaging for Sustainability draws on the expertise of researchers and industry practitioners to provide information on business benefits, environmental issues and priorities, environmental evaluation tools, design for environment, marketing strategies, and challenges for the future.

Applications of Fluoropolymer Films

Applications of Fluoropolymer Films
Properties, Processing, and Products

by Jiri George Drobny

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2020-01-24
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 012816302X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applications of Fluoropolymer Films: Properties, Processing, and Products presents an overview of fluoropolymer films, manufacturing methods, typical properties, and commercial grades for each type of fluoropolymer film. The second part of the book is uniquely focused on the applications of fluoropolymer films, with detailed information on their use in cutting-edge items across major industries, including aerospace and automotive, architectural, chemical processing, construction, consumer products, electronics, food packaging, pharmaceuticals and solar energy. Presents a focused approach on the practical applications of fluoropolymer films, supporting their use in state-of-the-art products across a range of industries Contains detailed coverage of manufacturing methods, properties and commercial grades for fluoropolymer films Unlocks the potential of the advanced properties offered by fluoropolymer films

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2020-08-20
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128225998
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers examines the effects of radiation on plastics and elastomers. Polymers are required in products or parts for a range of cutting-edge applications that are exposed to radiation, in areas such as space, medicine, and radiation processing. This book focuses on the effects of radiation exposure within that environment, providing in-depth data coverage organized by category of polymer. Aspects such as radiation impact on mechanical and thermal properties, including glass transition and heat deflection temperatures, are described, demonstrating how changes in these properties affect the performance of plastic or elastomer parts. The effect of radiation on electrical properties is also included. Supporting introductory chapters explain the key concepts of radiation, including the physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of plastics and elastomers. This is a vital resource for plastics engineers, product designers, and R&D professionals, working on products or parts for radioactive environments, as well as engineers and scientists in the medical, nuclear, and radiation processing industries. The book also supports researchers and scientists in plastics engineering, polymer processing and properties, polymer and coatings chemistry, materials science, and radiation. Brings together highly valuable data on the effect of radiation on the properties of polymers and elastomers Enables the reader to compare properties and to select the best possible materials for specific applications Supported by detailed explanations and analysis, ensuring that the reader understands how to interpret and utilize the data

Service Life Prediction of Polymers and Coatings

Service Life Prediction of Polymers and Coatings
Enhanced Methods

by Christopher White,Mark Nichols,James Pickett

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2020-04-28
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128183683
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Service Life Prediction of Polymers and Coatings: Enhanced Methods focuses on the cutting-edge science behind how plastic and polymer materials are modified by the effects of weathering, offering the latest advances in service life prediction methods. The chapters have been developed by experts based on their contributions as part of the 7th Service Life Prediction Meeting. The volume begins with the premise that it is possible to produce and design life predictions, also looking at how these predictions can be used. Subsequent chapters present new developments in service life prediction, examining the most important considerations in SLP design, timescales, and other major issues. The book also considers the current state of the field in terms of both accomplishments and areas that require significant research going forward. This is a highly valuable reference for engineers, designers, technicians, scientists and R&D professionals who are looking to develop materials, components or products for outdoor applications across a range of industries. The book also supports academic researchers, scientists and advanced students with an interest in service life, the effects of weathering, material degradation, failure analysis, or sustainability across the fields of plastics engineering, polymer science and materials science. Presents novel prediction techniques for plastics and polymers exposed to outdoor weathering Provides a consensus roadmap on the scientific barriers related to a validated, predictive model for the response of polymer and plastics to outdoor exposure Enables the reader to assess and compare different methods and approaches to service life prediction

Automotive Plastics and Composites

Automotive Plastics and Composites
Materials and Processing

by Joseph P. Greene

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2021-06-23
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 0128182407
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Automotive Plastics and Composites: Materials and Processing is an essential guide to the use of plastic and polymer composites in automotive applications, whether in the exterior, interior, under-the-hood, or powertrain, with a focus on materials, properties, and processing. The book begins by introducing plastics and polymers for the automotive industry, discussing polymer materials and structures, mechanical, chemical, and physical properties, rheology, and flow analysis. In the second part of the book, each chapter is dedicated to a category of material, and considers the manufacture, processing, properties, shrinkage, and possible applications, in each case. Two chapters on polymer processing provide detailed information on both closed-mold and open-mold processing. The final chapters explain other key aspects, such as recycling and sustainability, design principles, tooling, and future trends. This book is an ideal reference for plastics engineers, product designers, technicians, scientists, and R&D professionals who are looking to develop materials, components, or products for automotive applications. The book also intends to guide researchers, scientists, and advanced students in plastics engineering, polymer processing, and materials science and engineering. Analyzes mechanical, chemical, physical, and thermal properties, enabling the reader to select the appropriate material for specific applications Explains polymer processing, with thorough coverage of operations across both closed-mold and open-mold processing Provides systematic coverage of materials, including commodity and engineering thermoplastics, bio-based plastics, thermosets, composites, elastomeric polymers, and 3D-printed plastics

Design and Manufacturing of Plastics Products

Design and Manufacturing of Plastics Products
Integrating Traditional Methods With Additive Manufacturing

by Antonio Pouzada

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2021-08-27
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 0128197765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Design and Manufacturing of Plastics Products: Integrating Conventional Methods and Innovative Technologies brings together detailed information on design, materials selection, properties, manufacturing, and the performance of plastic products, incorporating the utilization of the latest novel techniques and additive manufacturing technologies. The book integrates the design of molded products and conventional manufacturing and molding techniques with recent additive manufacturing techniques to produce performant products and cost-effective tools. Key areas of innovation are explained in detail, including hybrid molds, the integration of processing options with product properties and performance, and sustainability factors such as eco-design strategies, recycling, and lifecycle assessment. Other sections cover the development of plastics products, including design methodologies, design solutions specific to plastics, and design for re-use, as well as manufacturing and performance, with an emphasis on thermoplastic molding techniques, recent advances on plastics tooling, and the appraisal of the influence of processing options on product performance. This is a valuable resource to plastics engineers, design engineers, mold makers, and product or part designers across industries. It will also be of interest to researchers and advanced students in plastics engineering, polymer science, additive manufacturing and mechanical engineering. Offers a thorough grounding in plastics part design, thermoplastic material selection, properties, manufacture and performance of plastic parts Presents the latest advances, including the integration of additive manufacturing in the plastics product development cycle, hybrid molds, and lifecycle and recycling considerations Enables the reader to utilize traditional methods alongside cutting-edge technologies in the production of performant plastic products and parts

Plastic Films in Food Packaging

Plastic Films in Food Packaging
Materials, Technology and Applications

by Sina Ebnesajjad

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2012-12-31
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1455731153
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The value of the groceries purchases in the USA is over $500 billion annually, most of which is accounted for by packaged foods. Plastic packaging of foods is not only ubiquitous in developed economies, but increasingly commonplace in the developing world, where plastic packaging is instrumental in decreasing the proportion of the food supply lost to spoilage. This new handbook is a combination of new material and updated chapters, chosen by Dr. Sina Ebnesajjad, from recently published books on this subject. Plastic Films in Food Packaging offers a practical handbook for engineers, scientists and managers working in the food packaging industry, providing a tailor-made package of science and engineering fundamentals, best practice techniques and guidance on new and emerging technologies. By covering materials, design, packaging processes, machinery and waste management together in one book, the authors enable the reader to take a lifecycle approach to food packaging. The Handbook addresses questions related to film grades, types of packages for different types of foods, packaging technologies, machinery and waste management. Additionally the book provides a review of new and emerging technologies. Two chapters cover the development of barrier films for food packaging and the regulatory and safety aspects of food packaging. Essential information and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working at all stages of the food packaging lifecycle: from design through manufacture to recycling Includes key published material on plastic films in food packaging, updated specifically for this Handbook, and new material on the regulatory framework and safety aspects Coverage of materials and applications together in one handbook enables engineers and scientists to make informed design and manufacturing decisions

The Future of Packaging

The Future of Packaging
From Linear to Circular

by Tom Szaky

  • Publisher : Berrett-Koehler Publishers
  • Release : 2019-02-05
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1523095512
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Only 35 percent of the 240 million metric tons of waste generated in the United States alone gets recycled, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. This extraordinary collection shows how manufacturers can move from a one-way take-make-waste economy that is burying the world in waste to a circular, make-use-recycle economy. Steered by Tom Szaky, recycling pioneer, eco-capitalist, and founder and CEO of TerraCycle, each chapter is coauthored by an expert in his or her field. From the distinct perspectives of government leaders, consumer packaged goods companies, waste management firms, and more, the book explores current issues of production and consumption, practical steps for improving packaging and reducing waste today, and big ideas and concepts that can be carried forward. Intended to help every business from a small start-up to a large established consumer product company, this book serves as a source of knowledge and inspiration. The message from these pioneers is not to scale back but to innovate upward. They offer nothing less than a guide to designing ourselves out of waste and into abundance.

Contribution of Packaging to Solid Waste Crisis

Contribution of Packaging to Solid Waste Crisis
Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, May 16, 1991

by United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Transportation and Hazardous Materials

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 198
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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