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Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers and Optoelectronic Devices

Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers and Optoelectronic Devices
A Book

by Robert Herrick,Osamu Ueda

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-03-06
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 0128192550
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reliability of Semiconductor Lasers and Optoelectronic Devices simplifies complex concepts of optoelectronics reliability with approachable introductory chapters and a focus on real-world applications. This book provides a brief look at the fundamentals of laser diodes, introduces reliability qualification, and then presents real-world case studies discussing the principles of reliability and what occurs when these rules are broken. Then this book comprehensively looks at optoelectronics devices and the defects that cause premature failure in them and how to control those defects. Key materials and devices are reviewed including silicon photonics, vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs), InGaN LEDs and lasers, and AlGaN LEDs, covering the majority of optoelectronic devices that we use in our everyday lives, powering the Internet, telecommunication, solid-state lighting, illuminators, and many other applications. This book features contributions from experts in industry and academia working in these areas and includes numerous practical examples and case studies. This book is suitable for new entrants to the field of optoelectronics working in R&D. • Includes case studies and numerous examples showing best practices and common mistakes affecting optoelectronics reliability written by experts working in the industry • Features the first wide-ranging and comprehensive overview of fiber optics reliability engineering, covering all elements of the practice from building a reliability laboratory, qualifying new products, to improving reliability on mature products. • Provides a look at the reliability issues and failure mechanisms for silicon photonics, VCSELs, InGaN LEDs and lasers, AIGaN LEDs, and more.

Reliability Characterisation of Electrical and Electronic Systems

Reliability Characterisation of Electrical and Electronic Systems
A Book

by Jonathan Swingler

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-12-24
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 1782422250
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book takes a holistic approach to reliability engineering for electrical and electronic systems by looking at the failure mechanisms, testing methods, failure analysis, characterisation techniques and prediction models that can be used to increase reliability for a range of devices. The text describes the reliability behavior of electrical and electronic systems. It takes an empirical scientific approach to reliability engineering to facilitate a greater understanding of operating conditions, failure mechanisms and the need for testing for a more realistic characterisation. After introducing the fundamentals and background to reliability theory, the text moves on to describe the methods of reliability analysis and charactersation across a wide range of applications. Takes a holistic approach to reliability engineering Looks at the failure mechanisms, testing methods, failure analysis, characterisation techniques and prediction models that can be used to increase reliability Facilitates a greater understanding of operating conditions, failure mechanisms and the need for testing for a more realistic characterisation

Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics

Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics
A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices

by Peter W. Epperlein

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-03-18
  • Pages : 522
  • ISBN : 1119990335
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This reference book provides a fully integrated novel approach to the development of high-power, single-transverse mode, edge-emitting diode lasers by addressing the complementary topics of device engineering, reliability engineering and device diagnostics in the same book, and thus closes the gap in the current book literature. Diode laser fundamentals are discussed, followed by an elaborate discussion of problem-oriented design guidelines and techniques, and by a systematic treatment of the origins of laser degradation and a thorough exploration of the engineering means to enhance the optical strength of the laser. Stability criteria of critical laser characteristics and key laser robustness factors are discussed along with clear design considerations in the context of reliability engineering approaches and models, and typical programs for reliability tests and laser product qualifications. Novel, advanced diagnostic methods are reviewed to discuss, for the first time in detail in book literature, performance- and reliability-impacting factors such as temperature, stress and material instabilities. Further key features include: practical design guidelines that consider also reliability related effects, key laser robustness factors, basic laser fabrication and packaging issues; detailed discussion of diagnostic investigations of diode lasers, the fundamentals of the applied approaches and techniques, many of them pioneered by the author to be fit-for-purpose and novel in the application; systematic insight into laser degradation modes such as catastrophic optical damage, and a wide range of technologies to increase the optical strength of diode lasers; coverage of basic concepts and techniques of laser reliability engineering with details on a standard commercial high power laser reliability test program. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics reflects the extensive expertise of the author in the diode laser field both as a top scientific researcher as well as a key developer of high-power highly reliable devices. With invaluable practical advice, this new reference book is suited to practising researchers in diode laser technologies, and to postgraduate engineering students. Dr. Peter W. Epperlein is Technology Consultant with his own semiconductor technology consulting business Pwe-PhotonicsElectronics-IssueResolution in the UK. He looks back at a thirty years career in cutting edge photonics and electronics industries with focus on emerging technologies, both in global and start-up companies, including IBM, Hewlett-Packard, Agilent Technologies, Philips/NXP, Essient Photonics and IBM/JDSU Laser Enterprise. He holds Pre-Dipl. (B.Sc.), Dipl. Phys. (M.Sc.) and Dr. rer. nat. (Ph.D.) degrees in physics, magna cum laude, from the University of Stuttgart, Germany. Dr. Epperlein is an internationally recognized expert in compound semiconductor and diode laser technologies. He has accomplished R&D in many device areas such as semiconductor lasers, LEDs, optical modulators, quantum well devices, resonant tunneling devices, FETs, and superconducting tunnel junctions and integrated circuits. His pioneering work on sophisticated diagnostic research has led to many world’s first reports and has been adopted by other researchers in academia and industry. He authored more than seventy peer-reviewed journal papers, published more than ten invention disclosures in the IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin, has served as reviewer of numerous proposals for publication in technical journals, and has won five IBM Research Division Awards. His key achievements include the design and fabrication of high-power, highly reliable, single mode diode lasers. Book Reviews “Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics: A Practical Approach to High Power and Single Mode Devices”. By Peter W. Epperlein Prof. em. Dr. Heinz Jäckel, High Speed Electronics and Photonics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zürich, Switzerland The book “Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics” by Dr. P.W. Epperlein is a landmark in the recent literature on semiconductor lasers because it fills a longstanding gap between many excellent books on laser theory and the complex and challenging endeavor to fabricate these devices reproducibly and reliably in an industrial, real world environment. Having worked myself in the early research and development of high power semiconductor lasers, I appreciate the competent, complete and skillful presentation of these three highly interrelated topics, where small effects have dramatic consequences on the success of a final product, on the ultimate performance and on the stringent reliability requirements, which are the name of the game. As the title suggests the author addresses three tightly interwoven and critical topics of state-of-the-art power laser research. The three parts are: device and mode stability engineering (chapter 1, 2), reliability mechanisms and reliability assessment strategies (chapter 3, 4, 5, 6) and finally material and device diagnostics (chapter 7, 8, 9) all treated with a strong focus on the implementation. This emphasis on the complex practical aspects for a large-scale power laser fabrication is a true highlight of the book. The subtle interplay between laser design, reliability strategies, advanced failure analysis and characterization techniques are elaborated in a very rigorous and scientific way using a very clear and easy to read representation of the complex interrelation of the three major topics. I will abstain from trying to provide a complete account of all the topics but mainly concentrate on the numerous highlights. The first part 1 “Laser Engineering” is divided in two chapters on basic electronic-optical, structural, material and resonator laser engineering on the one side, and on single mode control and stability at very high, still reliable power-levels with the trade-off between mirror damage, single mode stability on the other side. To round up the picture less well-known concepts and the state-of-the-art of large-area lasers, which can be forced into single-mode operation, are reviewed carefully. The subtle and complex interplay, which is challenging to optimize for a design for reliability and low stress as a major boundary condition is crucial for the design. The section gives a rather complete and well-referenced account of all relevant aspects, relations and trade-offs for understanding the rest of the book. The completeness of the presentation on power laser diode design based on basic physical and plausible arguments is mainly based on analytic mathematical relations as well as experiments providing a new and well-balanced addition for the power diode laser literature in particular. Modern 2D self-consistent electro-optical laser modeling including carrier hole burning and thermal effects – this is important because the weak optical guiding and gain-discrimination

Optoelectronic Devices

Optoelectronic Devices
A Book

by Dutta Niloy K,Zhang Xiang

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 588
  • ISBN : 981323671X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive treatment of the design and applications of optoelectronic devices. Optoelectronic devices such as light emitting diodes (LEDs), semiconductor lasers, photodetectors, optical fibers, and solar cells, are important components for solid state lighting systems, optical communication systems, and power generation systems. Optical fiber amplifiers and fiber lasers are also important for high power industrial applications and sensors. The applications of optoelectronic devices were first studied in the 1970's. Since then, the diversity and scope of optoelectronic device research and applications have been steadily growing. Optoelectronic Devices is self-contained and unified in presentation. It can be used as an advanced textbook by graduate students and practicing engineers. It is also suitable for non-experts who wish to have an overview of optoelectronic devices and systems. The treatments in the book are detailed enough to capture the interest of the curious reader and complete enough to provide the necessary background to explore the subject further.

Packaging of High Power Semiconductor Lasers

Packaging of High Power Semiconductor Lasers
A Book

by Xingsheng Liu,Wei Zhao,Lingling Xiong,Hui Liu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-07-14
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 1461492637
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces high power semiconductor laser packaging design. The challenges of the design and various packaging and testing techniques are detailed by the authors. New technologies and current applications are described in detail.

Semiconductor Optoelectronic Device Manufacturing and Applications

Semiconductor Optoelectronic Device Manufacturing and Applications
7-9 November 2001, Nanjing, China

by David Chen,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers

  • Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Microelectronics Failure Analysis

Microelectronics Failure Analysis
Desk Reference

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ASM International
  • Release : 2004-01-01
  • Pages : 800
  • ISBN : 0871708043
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For newcomers cast into the waters to sink or swim as well as seasoned professionals who want authoritative guidance desk-side, this hefty volume updates the previous (1999) edition. It contains the work of expert contributors who rallied to the job in response to a committee's call for help (the committee was assigned to the update by the Electron

Two-dimensional Materials for Photodetector

Two-dimensional Materials for Photodetector
A Book

by Pramoda Kumar Nayak

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-04-04
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 9535139517
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Atomic thin two-dimensional (2D) materials are the thinnest forms of materials to ever occur in nature and have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our material world. Some of the unique properties of these materials including wide photoresponse wavelength, passivated surfaces, strong interaction with incident light, and high mobility have created tremendous interest in photodetector application. This book provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art knowledge about photodetector technology in the range visible to infrared region using various 2D materials including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, III-V semiconductor, and so on. It consists of 10 chapters contributed by a team of experts in this exciting field. We believe that this book will provide new opportunities and guidance for the development of next-generation 2D photodetector.

Fiber Optics Engineering

Fiber Optics Engineering
A Book

by Mohammad Azadeh

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-08-05
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 9781441903044
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Within the past few decades, information technologies have been evolving at a tremendous rate, causing profound changes to our world and our ways of life. In particular, fiber optics has been playing an increasingly crucial role within the telecommunication revolution. Not only most long-distance links are fiber based, but optical fibers are increasingly approaching the individual end users, providing wide bandwidth links to support all kinds of data-intensive applications such as video, voice, and data services. As an engineering discipline, fiber optics is both fascinating and challenging. Fiber optics is an area that incorporates elements from a wide range of techno- gies including optics, microelectronics, quantum electronics, semiconductors, and networking. As a result of rapid changes in almost all of these areas, fiber optics is a fast evolving field. Therefore, the need for up-to-date texts that address this growing field from an interdisciplinary perspective persists. This book presents an overview of fiber optics from a practical, engineering perspective. Therefore, in addition to topics such as lasers, detectors, and optical fibers, several topics related to electronic circuits that generate, detect, and process the optical signals are covered. In other words, this book attempts to present fiber optics not so much in terms of a field of “optics” but more from the perspective of an engineering field within “optoelectronics.

Microelectronics Failure Analysis

Microelectronics Failure Analysis
Desk Reference

by EDFAS Desk Reference Committee

  • Publisher : ASM International
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 660
  • ISBN : 1615037268
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Includes bibliographical references and index.

Reliability of Electronic Components

Reliability of Electronic Components
A Practical Guide to Electronic Systems Manufacturing

by Titu I. Bajenescu,Marius I. Bazu

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 509
  • ISBN : 3642585051
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This application-oriented professional book explains why components fail, addressing the needs of engineers who apply reliability principles in design, manufacture, testing and field service. A detailed index, a glossary, acronym lists, reliability dictionaries and a rich specific bibliography complete the book.

Testing, Packaging, Reliability, and Applications of Semiconductor Lasers IV

Testing, Packaging, Reliability, and Applications of Semiconductor Lasers IV
28 January 1999, San Jose, California

by Mahmoud Fallahi,Kurt J. Linden,Shing Chung Wang

  • Publisher : Society of Photo Optical
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 9780819430960
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Semiconductor Laser Diode

Semiconductor Laser Diode
Technology and Applications

by Dnyaneshwar Patil

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2012-04-25
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 9535105493
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book represents a unique collection of the latest developments in the rapidly developing world of semiconductor laser diode technology and applications. An international group of distinguished contributors have covered particular aspects and the book includes optimization of semiconductor laser diode parameters for fascinating applications. This collection of chapters will be of considerable interest to engineers, scientists, technologists and physicists working in research and development in the field of semiconductor laser diode, as well as to young researchers who are at the beginning of their career.

Reliability and Radiation Effects in Compound Semiconductors

Reliability and Radiation Effects in Compound Semiconductors
A Book

by Allan Johnston

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 9814277118
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on reliability and radiation effects in compound semiconductors, which have evolved rapidly during the last 15 years. It starts with first principles, and shows how advances in device design and manufacturing have suppressed many of the older reliability mechanisms. It is the first book that comprehensively covers reliability and radiation effects in optoelectronic as well as microelectronic devices. It contrasts reliability mechanisms of compound semiconductors with those of silicon-based devices, and shows that the reliability of many compound semiconductors has improved to the level where they can be used for ten years or more with low failure rates.

Optical Semiconductor Devices

Optical Semiconductor Devices
A Book

by Mitsuo Fukuda

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1998-12-24
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 9780471149590
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is devoted to optical semiconductor devices and their numerous applications in telecommunications, optoelectronics, and consumer electronics-areas where signal processing or the transmission of signals across fiber optic cables is paramount. It introduces a new generation of devices that includes optical modulators, quantum well (QW) lasers, and photodiodes and explores new applications of more established devices such as semiconductor lasers, light-emitting diodes, and photodiodes. Mitsuo Fukuda examines the material properties, operation principles, fabrication, packaging, reliability, and applications of each device and offers a unique industrial perspective, discussing everything engineers and scientists need to know at different phases of research, development, and production. This guide to the state-of-the-art of optical semiconductor devices: * Helps you choose the right device for a given application. * Covers important performance data such as temperature and optical feedback noise in lasers. * Highlights epitaxial growth techniques and fabrication for each device. * Features one hundred figures and an extensive bibliography. * Provides a clear and concise treatment, unencumbered by excessive theory Optical Semiconductor Devices is an essential resource for engineers and researchers in telecommunications and optoelectronics, equipment designers and manufacturers, and graduate students and scholars interested in this rapidly evolving field.

Perspectives in Optoelectronics

Perspectives in Optoelectronics
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9814501395
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optoelectronic Integration: Physics, Technology and Applications

Optoelectronic Integration: Physics, Technology and Applications
A Book

by Osamu Wada

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-27
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 1461526868
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As we approach the end of the present century, the elementary particles of light (photons) are seen to be competing increasingly with the elementary particles of charge (electrons/holes) in the task of transmitting and processing the insatiable amounts of infonnation needed by society. The massive enhancements in electronic signal processing that have taken place since the discovery of the transistor, elegantly demonstrate how we have learned to make use of the strong interactions that exist between assemblages of electrons and holes, disposed in suitably designed geometries, and replicated on an increasingly fine scale. On the other hand, photons interact extremely weakly amongst themselves and all-photonic active circuit elements, where photons control photons, are presently very difficult to realise, particularly in small volumes. Fortunately rapid developments in the design and understanding of semiconductor injection lasers coupled with newly recognized quantum phenomena, that arise when device dimensions become comparable with electronic wavelengths, have clearly demonstrated how efficient and fast the interaction between electrons and photons can be. This latter situation has therefore provided a strong incentive to devise and study monolithic integrated circuits which involve both electrons and photons in their operation. As chapter I notes, it is barely fifteen years ago since the first demonstration of simple optoelectronic integrated circuits were realised using m-V compound semiconductors; these combined either a laser/driver or photodetector/preamplifier combination.

Noise in Physical Systems and 1/f Fluctuations

Noise in Physical Systems and 1/f Fluctuations
ICNF 2001 : Proceedings of the 16th International Conference : Gainesville, Florida, USA, 22-25 October, 2001

by Gijs Bosman

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 848
  • ISBN : 9812811168
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The International Conference on Noise in Physical Systems and 1/f Fluctuations brings together physicists and engineers interested in all aspects of noise and fluctuations in materials, devices, circuits, and physical and biological systems. The experimental research on novel devices and systems and the theoretical studies included in this volume provide the reader with a comprehensive, in-depth treatment of present noise research activities worldwide. Contents: Noise in Nanoscale Devices (S Bandyopadhyay et al.); 1/f Voltage Noise Induced by Magnetic Flux Flow in Granular Superconductors (O V Gerashchenko); Low Frequency Noise Analysis of Different Types of Polysilicon Resistors (A Penarier et al.); Low Frequency Noise in CMOS Transistors: An Experimental and Comparative Study on Different Technologies (P Fantini et al.); Modeling of Current Transport and 1/f Noise in GaN Based HBTs (H Unlu); Low Frequency Noise in CdSe Thin Film Transistors (M J Deen & S Rumyanstsev); NIST Program on Relative Intensity Noise Standards for Optical Fiber Sources Near 1550 nm (G Obarski); Physical Model of the Current Noise Spectral Density Versus Dark Current in CdTe Detectors (A Imad et al.); Time and Frequency Study of RTS in Bipolar Transistors (A Penarier et al.); Neural Network Based Adaptive Processing of Electrogastrogram (S Selvan); Shot Noise as a Test of Entanglement and Nonlocality of Electrons in Mesoscopic Systems (E V Sukhorukov et al.); The Readout of Time, Continued Fractions and 1/f Noise (M Planat & J Cresson); Longitudinal and Transverse Noise of Hot Electrons in 2DEG Channels (J Liberis et al.); 1/f Noise, Intermittency and Clustering Poisson Process (F Gruneis); Noise Modeling for PDE Based Device Simulations (F Bonani & G Ghione); Methods of Slope Estimation of Noise Power Spectral Density (J Smulko); and other papers. Readership: Researchers, academics and graduate students in electrical and electronic engineering, biophysics, nanoscience, applied physics, statistical physics and semiconductor science.

Papers on Optical Components, Fibres and Cables

Papers on Optical Components, Fibres and Cables
Proceedings

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Information Gatekeepers Inc
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 9783905084290
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lasers and Optoelectronics

Lasers and Optoelectronics
Fundamentals, Devices and Applications

by Anil K. Maini

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-08-05
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 1118688961
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With emphasis on the physical and engineering principles, thisbook provides a comprehensive and highly accessible treatment ofmodern lasers and optoelectronics. Divided into four parts, itexplains laser fundamentals, types of lasers, laser electronics& optoelectronics, and laser applications, covering each of thetopics in their entirety, from basic fundamentals to advancedconcepts. Key features include: exploration of technological and application-related aspects oflasers and optoelectronics, detailing both existing and emergingapplications in industry, medical diagnostics and therapeutics,scientific studies and Defence. simple explanation of the concepts and essential information onelectronics and circuitry related to laser systems illustration of numerous solved and unsolved problems,practical examples, chapter summaries, self-evaluation exercises,and a comprehensive list of references for furtherreading This volume is a valuable design guide for R&D engineers andscientists engaged in design and development of lasers andoptoelectronics systems, and technicians in their operation andmaintenance. The tutorial approach serves as a useful reference forunder-graduate and graduate students of lasers and optoelectronics,also PhD students in electronics, optoelectronics and physics.