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Rethinking Autism

Rethinking Autism
Variation and Complexity

by Lynn Waterhouse

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 0124159613
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is a near hysteria over dramatic increases in autism prevalence at a time when we still don't know what causes the disorder and have no known cures. More and more money is being poured into autism research with conflicting research findings, none of which appear to be getting us closer to prevention or treatment. This book carefully examines the psychology, neuroscience, genetic, and medical research findings to date from autism research and provocatively suggests that what we've labeled "autism" is several different disorders, and the way forward for more effective research for prevention and treatment. Autism is a massive worldwide problem with increasing prevalence rates, now thought to be as high as 1 in 38 children (Korea) and 1 in 100 children (CDC- US) Autism is the 3rd most common developmental disability. 400,000 people in the US alone have autism Autism effects entire brain including communication, social behavior, reasoning and is lifelong There is no known cause and no cure Funding for Autism research quadrupled from 1995 to 2000 up to $45m, and the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee has recommended $1billion funding from 2010-2015

Re-Thinking Autism

Re-Thinking Autism
Diagnosis, Identity and Equality

by Sami Timimi,Rebecca Mallett,Katherine Runswick-Cole

  • Publisher : Jessica Kingsley Publishers
  • Release : 2016-05-05
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1784500275
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Challenging existing approaches to autism that limit, and sometimes damage, the individuals who attract and receive the label, this book questions the lazy prejudices and assumptions that can surround autism as a diagnosis in the 21st Century. Arguing that autism can only be understood through examining 'it' as a socially or culturally produced phenomenon, the authors offer a critique of the medical model that has produced a perpetually marginalising approach to autism, and explain the contradictions and difficulties inherent in existing attitudes. They examine and dispute the scientific validity of diagnosis and 'treatment', asking whether autism actually exists at the biological level, and question the value of diagnosis in the lives of those labelled with autism. The book recognises that there are no easy answers but encourages engagement with these essential questions, and looks towards service provision and practice that moves beyond a reliance on all-encompassing labels. This unique contribution to the growing field of critical autism studies brings together authors from clinical psychiatry, clinical and community psychology, social sciences, disability studies, education and cultural studies, as well as those with personal experiences of autism. It is essential and challenging reading for anyone with a personal, professional or academic interest in 'autism'.

College Success for Students on the Autism Spectrum

College Success for Students on the Autism Spectrum
A Neurodiversity Perspective

by S. Jay Kuder,Amy Accardo,John Woodruff

  • Publisher : Stylus Publishing, LLC
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 1642670278
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The book provides the practical guidance needed to help neurodivergent students succeed, with chapters that address a variety of key issues from the transition to college to career readiness after graduation. The authors address support services, faculty and staff roles, and enhancing academic success"--

Unmasking Autism

Unmasking Autism
Discovering the New Faces of Neurodiversity

by Devon Price

  • Publisher : Harmony
  • Release : 2022-04-05
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 059323524X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A deep dive into the spectrum of Autistic experience and the phenomenon of masked Autism, giving individuals the tools to safely uncover their true selves while broadening society’s narrow understanding of neurodiversity “A remarkable work that will stand at the forefront of the neurodiversity movement.”—Barry M. Prizant, PhD, CCC-SLP, author of Uniquely Human: A Different Way of Seeing Autism For every visibly Autistic person you meet, there are countless “masked” Autistic people who pass as neurotypical. Masking is a common coping mechanism in which Autistic people hide their identifiably Autistic traits in order to fit in with societal norms, adopting a superficial personality at the expense of their mental health. This can include suppressing harmless stims, papering over communication challenges by presenting as unassuming and mild-mannered, and forcing themselves into situations that cause severe anxiety, all so they aren’t seen as needy or “odd.” In Unmasking Autism, Dr. Devon Price shares his personal experience with masking and blends history, social science research, prescriptions, and personal profiles to tell a story of neurodivergence that has thus far been dominated by those on the outside looking in. For Dr. Price and many others, Autism is a deep source of uniqueness and beauty. Unfortunately, living in a neurotypical world means it can also be a source of incredible alienation and pain. Most masked Autistic individuals struggle for decades before discovering who they truly are. They are also more likely to be marginalized in terms of race, gender, sexual orientation, class, and other factors, which contributes to their suffering and invisibility. Dr. Price lays the groundwork for unmasking and offers exercises that encourage self-expression, including: • Celebrating special interests • Cultivating Autistic relationships • Reframing Autistic stereotypes • And rediscovering your values It’s time to honor the needs, diversity, and unique strengths of Autistic people so that they no longer have to mask—and it’s time for greater public acceptance and accommodation of difference. In embracing neurodiversity, we can all reap the rewards of nonconformity and learn to live authentically, Autistic and neurotypical people alike.

The Autism Industrial Complex

The Autism Industrial Complex
How Branding, Marketing, and Capital Investment Turned Autism into Big Business

by Alicia A. Broderick

  • Publisher : Myers Education Press
  • Release : 2022-01-11
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 197550187X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Autism—a concept that barely existed 75 years ago—currently feeds multiple, multi-billion-dollar-a-year, global industries. In The Autism Industrial Complex: How Branding, Marketing, and Capital Investment Turned Autism into Big Business, Alicia A. Broderick analyzes how we got from the 11 children first identified by Leo Kanner in 1943 as “autistic” to the billion-dollar autism industries that are booming today. Broderick argues that, within the Autism Industrial Complex (AIC), almost anyone can capitalize on—and profit from—autism, and she also shows us how. The AIC has not always been there: it was built, conjured, created, manufactured, produced, not out of thin air, but out of ideologies, rhetorics, branding, business plans, policy lobbying, media saturation, capital investment, and the bodies of autistic people. Broderick excavates the 75-year-long history of the concept of autism, and shows us how the AIC—and indeed, autism today—can only be understood within capitalism itself. The Autism Industrial Complex is essential reading for a wide variety of audiences, from autistic activists, to professionals in the autism industries, to educators, to parents, to graduate students in public policy, (special) education, psychology, economics, and rhetoric. Perfect for courses such as: Introduction to Critical Autism Studies; Disability Studies--Theory, Policy, Practice; Disability & Rhetoric; Disability & Cultural Studies; Doctoral Seminar in Disability Studies; Cultural Foundations of Disability in Education

Communication Alternatives in Autism

Communication Alternatives in Autism
Perspectives on Typing and Spelling Approaches for the Nonspeaking

by Edlyn Vallejo Peña

  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Release : 2019-08-30
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN : 147663713X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ten autistic self-advocates share their experiences with alternative forms of communication such as rapid prompting method (RPM) and facilitated communication (FC), both highly controversial. Their narratives document the complexities that autistic individuals navigate--in both educational and community settings--when choosing to use approaches that utilize letter boards and keyboards. While the controversies remain--RPM requires further scientific study, and FC is subject to criticism about confirmation bias--these individuals share powerful stories in the context of aiming for disability rights. The book concludes with a chapter about best practices for educators, particularly for schools and colleges that have students who use these communication methods.

The Social, Cultural, and Political Discourses of Autism

The Social, Cultural, and Political Discourses of Autism
A Book

by Jessica Nina Lester

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9402421343
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Challenging Sociality

Challenging Sociality
An Anthropology of Robots, Autism, and Attachment

by Kathleen Richardson

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-06-30
  • Pages : 156
  • ISBN : 3319747541
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores the development of humanoid robots for helping children with autism develop social skills based on fieldwork in the UK and the USA. Robotic scientists propose that robots can therapeutically help children with autism because there is a “special” affinity between them and mechanical things. This idea is supported by autism experts that claim those with autism have a preference for things over other persons. Autism is also seen as a gendered condition, with men considered less social and therefore more likely to have the condition. The author explores how these experiments in cultivating social skills in children with autism using robots, while focused on a unique subsection, is the model for a new kind of human-thing relationship for wider society across the capitalist world where machines can take on the role of the “you” in the relational encounter. Moreover, underscoring this is a form of consciousness that arises out of specific forms of attachment styles.

Autism in Translation

Autism in Translation
An Intercultural Conversation on Autism Spectrum Conditions

by Elizabeth Fein,Clarice Rios

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-28
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 3319932934
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Autism is a complex phenomenon that is both individual and social. Showing both robust similarities and intriguing differences across cultural contexts, the autism spectrum raises innumerable questions about self, subjectivity, and society in a globalized world. Yet it is often misrepresented as a problem of broken bodies and disordered brains. So, in 2015, a group of interdisciplinary scholars gathered in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for an intellectual experiment: a workshop that joined approaches from psychological anthropology to the South American tradition of Collective Health in order to consider autism within social, historical, and political settings. This book is the product of the ongoing conversation emerging from this event. It contains a series of comparative histories of autism policy in Italy, Brazil, and the United States; focuses on issues of voice, narrative, and representation in autism; and examines how the concept of autism shapes both individual lives and broader social and economic systems. Featuring contributions from: Michael Bakan Benilton Bezerra Pamela Block M. Ariel Cascio Jurandir Freire Costa Bárbara Costa Andrada Cassandra Evans Elizabeth Fein Clara Feldman Roy Richard Grinker Rossano Lima Francisco Ortega Dawn Prince-Hughes Clarice Rios Laura Sterponi Thomas S. Weisner Enrico Valtellina

Autism in Code

Autism in Code
Extrapolating from Theory and Experience

by Pia Hämäläinen

  • Publisher : BoD - Books on Demand
  • Release : 2021-08-22
  • Pages : 72
  • ISBN : 9528092217
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pia Hämäläinen discusses various autism theories and sees the need for novel autistic schemas, making deductive thinking possible and supporting inductive thinking as a rule. It is a new theory of autistic language expressed as an imperative programming paradigm, focusing on the how, whereas the neurotypical, declarative programming paradigm language focuses on the what. The central conclusion of the book is that the autistic person functions like a bot. The chat function has predefined alternatives and the possibility of a live chat with a real person in case new alternatives or clarifications are needed. Contact for the autistic person should be based on kind contact or the nudge theory - their need is to avoid interference in interaction.

A Full Life with Autism

A Full Life with Autism
From Learning to Forming Relationships to Achieving Independence

by Chantal Sicile-Kira,Jeremy Sicile-Kira

  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Release : 2012-03-27
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0230393616
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide for helping our children lead meaningful and independent lives as they reach adulthood In the next five years, hundreds of thousands of children with autism spectrum disorder will reach adulthood. And while diagnosis and treatment for children has improved in recent years, parents want to know: What happens to my child when I am no longer able to care for or assist him? Autism expert Chantal Sicile-Kira and her son Jeremy offer real solutions to a host of difficult questions, including how young adults of different abilities and their parents can: *navigate this new economy where adult service resources are scarce *cope with the difficulties of living apart from the nuclear family *find, and keep a job that provides meaning, stability and an income *create and sustain fulfilling relationships

Performing Psychologies

Performing Psychologies
Imagination, Creativity and Dramas of the Mind

by Nicola Shaughnessy,Philip Barnard

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2019-02-07
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 1474260861
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Performing Psychologies offers new perspectives on arts and health, focussing on the different ways in which performance interacting with psychology can enhance understanding of the mind. The book challenges stereotypes of disability, madness and creativity, addressing a range of conditions (autism, dementia and schizophrenia) and performance practices including staged productions and applied work in custodial, health and community settings. Featuring case studies ranging from Hamlet to The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time, the pioneering work of companies such as Spare Tyre and Ridiculusmus, and embracing dance and music as well as theatre and drama, the volume offers new perspectives on the dynamic interactions between performance, psychology and states of mind. It contains contributions from psychologists, performance scholars, therapists and healthcare professionals, who offer multiple perspectives on working through performance-based media. Presenting a richly interdisciplinary and collaborative investigation of the arts in practice, this volume opens up new ways of thinking about the performance of psychologies, and about how psychologies perform.

Disability Alliances and Allies

Disability Alliances and Allies
Opportunities and Challenges

by Allison C. Carey,Joan M. Ostrove,Tara Fannon

  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release : 2020-11-09
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1839093218
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For its breadth and depth of research, Disability Alliances and Allies: Opportunities and Challenges is essential reading for researchers and students across the social sciences interested in disability, social movements, activism, and identity.

Autism

Autism
The Movement Sensing Perspective

by Elizabeth B. Torres,Caroline Whyatt

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-09-25
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 1482251663
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Autism: The Movement Sensing Perspective is the result of a collaborative effort by parents, therapists, clinicians, and researchers from all disciplines in science including physics, engineering, and applied mathematics. This book poses questions regarding the current conceptualization and approach to the study of autism, providing an alternative unifying data-driven framework grounded in physiological factors. This book reaches beyond subjective descriptions of autistic phenomena and embraces a new era of objective measurements, analyses, and statistical inferences. The authors harness activities from the nervous systems across the brain and body (often in tandem), and introduce a platform for the comprehensive personalized phenotyping of individuals with autism. The impact of this approach is discussed to advance the development of tailored treatments options, enhance the ability to longitudinally track symptomatology, and to fundamentally empower affected individuals and their families. This book encompasses a new era for autism research and treatments, and our continuous effort to collectively empower and embrace the autistic community.

Autism: The Movement Perspective

Autism: The Movement Perspective

by Elizabeth B Torres,Anne M Donnellan

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2015-05-19
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889195090
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is portrayed as cognitive and social disorders. Undoubtedly, impairments in communication and restricted-repetitive behaviors that now define the disorders have a profound impact on social interactions. But can we go beyond the descriptive, observational nature of this definition and objectively measure that amalgamate of motions and sensations that we call behavior? In this Research Topic we bring movement and its sensation to the forefront of autism research, diagnosis, and treatment. We gather researchers across disciplines with the unifying goal of recognizing movement and sensory disturbances as core symptoms of the disorder. We also hear confirmation from the perspective of autism self-advocates and parents. Those important sources of evidence along with the research presented in this topic demonstrate without a doubt that profound movement and sensory differences do exist in ASD and that they are quantifiable. The work presented in this Research Topic shows us that quantifiable differences in movements have a better chance than current observational techniques to help us uncover subtle solutions that the nervous system with autism has already spontaneously self-discovered and utilized in daily living. Where the naked eye would miss the unique subtleties that help each individual cope, instrumentation and fine kinematic analyses of motions help us uncover inherent capacities and predispositions of the person with autism. The work presented in this topic helps us better articulate through the voices of parents and self-advocates those sensory motor differences that current inventories could not possibly uncover. These differences are seldom perceived as they take place at timescales and frequencies that fall largely beneath our conscious awareness. To the person in the spectrum living with this disorder and to the caregiver creating accommodations to help the affected loved one, these subtleties are very familiar though. Indeed they are often used in clever ways to facilitate daily routines. We have waited much too long in science to listen to the very people that we are trying to define, understand and help. Being autism a social problem by definition, it is remarkable that not a single diagnosis inventory measures the dyadic social interaction that takes place between the examiner and the examinees. Indeed we have conceived the autistic person within a social context where we are incapable –by definition– of accepting those differences. The burden is rather placed on the affected person to whom much too often we refer to in the third person as “non-verbal, without intentionality, without empathy or emotions, without a theory of mind”, among other purely psychological guesses. It is then too easy and shockingly allowed to “reshape” that person, to mold that person to better conform to our social expectations and to extinguish “behaviors” that are socially unacceptable, even through the use of aversive punishing reinforcement techniques if need be. And yet none of those techniques have had a single shred of objective scientific evidence of their effectiveness. We have not objectively measured once, nor have we physiologically characterized once any of those perceived features that we so often use to observationally define what we may think the autistic phenotype may be. We have not properly quantified, beyond paper-and-pencil methods, the effectiveness of interventions in autism. Let us not forget when we do our science, that we are all part of the broad human spectrum.

Kinship in the Household of God

Kinship in the Household of God
Towards a Practical Theology of Belonging and Spiritual Care of People with Profound Autism

by Cynthia Tam

  • Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
  • Release : 2021-10-07
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN : 1725274418
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This unique volume contributes a profound-autism perspective to the ongoing discussion of belonging in the church. By taking readers into two church communities, the author explores the issues of belonging from those least welcomed by the church and consider what the church should do differently. Adopting a “we” approach, she emphasizes the unity of different members in Christ. As one body in Christ, all believers share Christ’s sonship and become children of God. The household concept invites readers to reconceptualize Christian relationships as covenantal kinship. The kinship relationship is established by God’s covenantal commitment fulfilled in Christ. With or without autism, any person who obeys God’s summons is incorporated into Christ’s body by the Spirit to become God’s child. Believers are thus siblings to one another. Viewing each person this way enables us to see beyond human differences and welcome one another as God’s gifts and indispensable members of the community.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Characteristics, Causes and Practical Issues

by Jill M. Boucher

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2017-02-15
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1473986990
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Following on from the popular and provocative First Edition, the Second Edition offers the latest research on autistic spectrum disorders, exploring theories at the psychological, neurobiological and 'first cause' levels to methods of assessment, intervention, education and support.

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders
Characteristics, Causes and Practical Issues

by Jill Boucher

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2022-03-26
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1529744695
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This fully up to date Third Edition offers the latest research on autistic spectrum disorders, exploring theories at the psychological, neurobiological and ′first cause′ levels as well as methods of assessment, intervention, education and support.

Communication, Gaze and Autism

Communication, Gaze and Autism
A Multimodal Interaction Perspective

by Terhi Korkiakangas

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-05-30
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 1317221257
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this innovative book on autism and gaze from a multimodal interaction perspective, Terhi Korkiakangas examines the role of gaze in everyday situations, asking why eye contact matters, and considering the implications of this crucial question for autism. Since persons on the autism spectrum tend to use it differently and might not engage in eye contact in social situations, gaze is a crucial topic for understanding autism, yet we know surprisingly little about this topic in a real-world context, beyond psychological experiments and the research lab. Drawing on her research on authentic video-recorded social interactions, Korkiakangas shows how a multimodal interaction perspective can shed new light on gaze: what an instance of gaze does, and when, why, and for whom gaze ‘matters’, from both children on the autism spectrum and their social partners’ perspective, including teachers and parents. Grounded in the interactional tradition of conversation analysis, the multimodal interaction perspective offers a major contribution to our understanding of autism by examining communication beyond talk and linguistic resources. Communication, Gaze and Autism considers both mutual gaze and gaze aversion during talk or silence, alongside facial expressions, gestures, and other body movements, to understand what gaze is used for, and to rethink ‘eye contact’. The book includes a methodological introduction, practical tools for doing multimodal interaction research, and empirical findings. It also considers the voices of those people on the autism spectrum from the blogosphere, who suggest that eye contact has less significance for them and represents a communication difference, rather than a deficit. This book is designed for anyone with an academic, professional or personal interest in autism. It will particularly appeal to senior undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practitioners in the fields of communication, social interaction and autism.

Autism: Exploring the benefits of a gluten and casein free diet

Autism: Exploring the benefits of a gluten and casein free diet
A practical guide for families and professionals

by Paul Whiteley,Mark Earnden,Elouise Robinson

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-04-24
  • Pages : 157
  • ISBN : 1317694902
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Autism represents one of the biggest health challenges facing children today. Whilst experts around the globe strive to unravel and truly understand how autism develops and presents itself, relatively little is still known about the condition. Meanwhile, strong evidence has emerged that the diet in children on the autistic spectrum can have a significant role to play in the management of their symptoms. A growing body of research reveals that some challenging characteristics present in autism may be positively affected by the introduction of a gluten- and casein-free (GFCF) diet. Autism: Exploring the benefits of a gluten and casein free diet offers an easy-to-read alternative to sifting through the science. Written by experts in autism research, food, nutrition and dietetics, the book cuts through the science-speak to offer readers a no-nonsense overview of diet and autism together with a range of useful recipes and handy hints for making mealtimes fun for children with autism and related conditions.