Download Risk Factors for Psychosis Ebook PDF

Risk Factors for Psychosis

Risk Factors for Psychosis
Paradigms, Mechanisms, and Prevention

by Andrew Thompson,Matthew Broome

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-02-22
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 0128132027
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Risk Factors for Psychosis: Paradigms, Mechanisms, and Prevention combines the related, but disparate research endeavors into a single text that considers all risk factors for psychosis, including biological, psychological and environmental factors. The book also introduces the ethics and current treatment evidence that attempts to ameliorate risk or reduce the number of individuals with risk factors developing a psychotic disorder. Finally, the book highlights new research paradigms that will further enhance the field in the future. Psychotic disorders affect more than 50 million people worldwide, creating a devastating effect on lives and causing major financial and emotional impact on families and on society as a whole. The search for risk factors for psychosis has developed rapidly over the past decades, invigorated by changes in the thinking about the malleability and treatability of psychotic disorders. The paradigms for investigating psychosis risk have developed, often in parallel, but there has been no book to date that has summarized and synthesized the current approaches. Integrates research from biological, psychological and environmental factors into a single resource Offers insight into at-risk paradigms, biomarkers, and the current state of research on treatment option for psychosis Presents a holistic and dynamic look at risk syndromes and how they can be measured through neuroimaging, neuropsychology and other methods

Risk Factors for Psychosis

Risk Factors for Psychosis
Paradigms, Mechanisms, and Prevention

by Andrew Thompson,Matthew Broome

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780128132012
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Psychotic disorders affect more than 50 million people worldwide, and they have a devastating effect on individuals' lives and functioning as well as a major financial and emotional impact on families and on society as a whole. The search for risk factors for psychosis has developed rapidly over the past decades, invigorated by changes in the thinking about the malleability and treatability of psychotic disorders. The paradigms for investigating psychosis risk have developed, often in parallel, but there has been no book to date that has summarized and synthesized the current approaches. Risk Factors for Psychosis combines the current related but disparate research endeavors into a single text that considers all risk factors for psychosis, including biological, psychological, and environmental factors. It also introduces the ethics and current treatment evidence that attempts to ameliorate risk or reduce the number of individuals with risk factors developing a psychotic disorder. The book additionally highlights new research paradigms that will further enhance the field in the future. Risk Factors for Psychosis will be required reading for students and researchers in the field of psychosis risk and treatment, and will offer valuable insight for clinicians working with at-risk groups.

First Episode Psychosis

First Episode Psychosis
A Book

by Katherine J. Aitchison,Robin M. Murray,Patrick J. R. Power,Eva M. Tsapakis

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1999-02-17
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 9781853174353
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The new edition of this popular handbook has been thoroughly updated to include the latest data concerning treatment of first-episode patients. Drawing from their experience, the authors discuss the presentation and assessment of the first psychotic episode and review the appropriate use of antipsychotic agents and psychosocial approaches in effective management.

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders
Frontiers for Preventive Intervention Research

by Institute of Medicine,Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1994-01-01
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN : 0309049393
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction. Highlighting opportunities for and barriers to interventions, the book draws on successful models for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, injuries, and smoking. In addition, it reviews the risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorders and evaluates current illustrative prevention programs. The models and examination provide a framework for the design, application, and evaluation of interventions intended to prevent mental disorders and the transfer of knowledge about prevention from research to clinical practice. The book presents a focused research agenda, with recommendations on how to develop effective intervention programs, create a cadre of prevention researchers, and improve coordination among federal agencies.

Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia

Risk and Protective Factors in Schizophrenia
Towards a Conceptual Model of the Disease Process

by Heinz Häfner

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN : 3642575161
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

H. HAFNER Schizophrenia Research Unit, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany The present volume contains the lectures and invited discussions of the sympo sium on "Risk and protective factors in schizophrenia - towards a conceptual model of the disease process", which was held at the International Science Forum of the University of Heidelberg from October 25 to 27, 200l. They are supple mented by a "Summary and outlook", in which Peter Jones gives a brief overview of the results and perspectives featured in the presentations and discussions. The contributions and discussions reflect the open-minded and creative atmosphere at the meeting. The systematically structured program of the symposium continued the tradition of the Search for the Causes of Schizophrenia symposia, which were th started in 1986 on the occasion of the 600 anniversary of the University of Hei delberg and which are co-organized with Prof. Wagner Farid Gattaz/Sao Paulo. The aim of these symposia and their proceedings volumes [6,8-10] has been to reflect the state of the art in schizophrenia research at their time, and they have successfully done so. In contrast, the present symposium pursued a more lim ited objective and was of a different type. It brought together, around a large table at the International Science Forum in Heidelberg, 22 invited speakers and dis cussants and an equal number of young scientists working in the research fields in question, who were thus given an opportunity to listen and to participate.

Psychosis

Psychosis
Biopsychosocial and Relational Perspectives

by Floriana Irtelli,Enrico Vincenti

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-10-17
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 1789840198
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book collects chapters from a number of scientists all over the world, giving their contribution to the comprehension and clinical management of psychosis. The book adopts a perspective that respects the complexity of the human person and his/her relationships. It devotes a space both to the deepening of the more strictly biological aspects, the psychological aspects and the social aspects. Each section of the book (biological, psychological, social) reveals a deep connection with the themes of the other sections, showing the strength of this biopsychosocial interweaving. The relationship and the interweaving between these different areas is certainly a foundation of our existence and constitutes a law to which we cannot escape, so it is necessary that the biopsyosocial model is always considered in the interventions for the psychotic patient. This book also focuses on some specific and very innovative topics such as the importance of psychosocial factors and family factors, complementary approaches to psychosis managment, subclinical psychosis and relational aspects of psychosis.

First Episode Psychosis

First Episode Psychosis
An Information Guide

by Camh,Donna Czuchta,Kathryn Ryan,Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

  • Publisher : Centre for Addiction & Mental
  • Release : 1999-01-01
  • Pages : 20
  • ISBN : 9780888683380
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Psychosis refers to a loss of contact with reality, in which people have trouble distinguishing between what is real and what is not. A first episode of psychosis is usually very frightening, confusing and distressing. This guide discusses: the causes, symptoms and different kinds of psychosis treatment and recovery, including information on psychotherapy, medication, vocational counselling and case management family involvement. This accessible and concise guide explains what psychosis is and how it can be managed and treated.

A Clinical Introduction to Psychosis

A Clinical Introduction to Psychosis
Foundations for Clinical Psychologists and Neuropsychologists

by Johanna C. Badcock,Georgie Paulik

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-10-19
  • Pages : 742
  • ISBN : 0128150130
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This practical guide outlines the latest advances in understanding and treating psychotic symptoms and disorders, articulating step-by-step the clinical skills and knowledge required to effectively treat this patient population. A Clinical Introduction to Psychosis takes an evidence-based approach that encourages a wider perspective on clinical practice, with chapters covering stigma and bias, cultural factors, the importance of social functioning, physical health, sleep, and more. A broad array of treatment modalities are discussed, including cognitive behavioral therapy, cognitive remediation, psychosocial interventions, trauma-informed therapies, and recovery-oriented practice. The book also provides a concise overview of the latest advances regarding cognitive profiles in people with psychotic disorders, the developmental progression of cognitive abilities, and the clinical relevance of cognitive dysfunction. The book additionally familiarizes readers with issues and controversies surrounding diagnostic classification, transdiagnostic expression, and dimensional assessment of symptoms in psychosis. Provides treatment and assessment methods for psychotic symptoms and disorders Looks at how psychosis develops and the impact of stigma on clinicians and clients Studies the links between trauma, PTSD, and psychosis, as well as sleep and psychosis Covers digital technologies for treating and assessing psychosis Outlines strategies for treating visual and auditory hallucinations Examines how to incorporate consumer and clinician perspectives in clinical practice

Clinical Handbook of Schizophrenia

Clinical Handbook of Schizophrenia
A Book

by Kim Tornvall Mueser,Dilip V. Jeste

  • Publisher : Guilford Press
  • Release : 2011-01-31
  • Pages : 650
  • ISBN : 1609182375
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Reviewing the breadth of current knowledge on schizophrenia, this handbook provides clear, practical guidelines for effective assessment and treatment in diverse contexts. Leading authorities have contributed 61 concise chapters on all aspects of the disorder and its clinical management. In lieu of exhaustive literature reviews, each chapter summarizes the state of the science; highlights key points the busy practitioner needs to know; and lists recommended resources, including seminal research studies, invaluable clinical tools, and more. Comprehensive, authoritative, and timely, the volume will enable professionals in any setting to better understand and help their patients or clients with severe mental illness.

The Epidemiology of Schizophrenia

The Epidemiology of Schizophrenia
A Book

by Robin M. Murray,Peter B. Jones,Ezra Susser,Jim Van Os,Mary Cannon

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2002-11-28
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9781139439480
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

An international team of leading researchers and clinicians here provide a comprehensive, epidemiological overview of this multi-faceted and still perplexing disorder, and address some of the key questions it raises. How important in the genetic contribution to schizophrenia? Do pregnancy and birth complications increase the risk for schizophrenia? Is the incidence of schizophrenia changing? Why is the rate higher among immigrants and in those born in cities? Controversial issues such as the validity of discrete or dimensional classifications of schizophrenia and the continuum between psychosis and 'normality' are explored in depth, and separate chapters are devoted to topics of particular relevance to schizophrenia such as suicide, violence and substance abuse. Finally, new prospects for treatment and prevention are considered. Drawing together the findings from social, genetic, developmental and classical epidemiology of schizophrenia, this text will prove an invaluable resource for clinicians and researchers.

The Recognition and Management of Early Psychosis

The Recognition and Management of Early Psychosis
A Preventive Approach

by Patrick D. McGorry,Henry J. Jackson

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 1999-07-28
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9781139429146
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The treatment of early psychosis has been bedevilled by an entrenched pessimism, stemming from the asylum era and the Kraepelinian model of schizophrenia. More recently, however, there has been a surge of interest in preventively oriented treatment of patients showing the first signs of psychotic illness, with the realization that these illnesses are frequently highly responsive to early treatment. This is the first text to focus on the potential of early detection of psychosis, and the practicalities of treatment. Based on the pioneering experience and research of a now well-established prevention and intervention centre, and with contributions from international authorities, the book outlines a framework for intervention, reviews the evidence available to guide clinical practice, and describes models of treatment. Incorporating many personal narratives and case histories, it is strong on theory, sensitive on practical issues, and will challenge, inform and guide clinicians.

Late Onset Schizophrenia

Late Onset Schizophrenia
A Book

by Robert Howard,Peter V. Rabins,David J. Castle

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Schizophrenia, which starts in middle age or late life, has been described as 'the darkest area of psychiatry.' It is certainly controversial, with much disagreement about cut-off ages, diagnostic criteria and nomenclature. The contributors to this unique and very important book represent views from Europe and North America as well as Australia, Japan, and Nepal; they come from backgrounds of clinical practice and research. The contributors and editors were motivated by common aims: to review current international knowledge about late onset schizophrenia, to debate issues of heterogenity, gender, brain maturation and aging, putative structural and functional cerebral substrates for psychosis, to reach consensus on diagnosis and terminology, and to future research directions. The resulting book is an unqualified success which as well as being invaluable in old age psychiatry, sheds light on all aspects of schizophrenia treatment and research.

Fast Facts: Psychosis in Parkinson's Disease

Fast Facts: Psychosis in Parkinson's Disease
Finding the right therapeutic balance

by Joseph H Friedman,Clive Ballard

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2019-05-07
  • Pages : 76
  • ISBN : 1912776278
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Psychosis affects nearly 50% of patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). It is a major therapeutic challenge, as a balance needs to be found between the PD medications that can exacerbate psychotic symptoms and the antipsychotics that may worsen motor function. Focusing on the most common side effects of PD medications, namely visual hallucinations and delusions, this highly readable handbook will increase readers’ awareness of: • the various presentations of psychosis in PD • modifiable risk factors • prescribing that balances the benefits and potential harms. Detailed case studies and evidence-based guidance for practical application make 'Fast Facts: Psychosis in Parkinson’s Disease' an invaluable resource for all healthcare professionals responsible for the outpatient care of patients with PD, including neurologists, psychiatrists, geriatricians, psychiatric nurse practitioners, specialist PD nurses and primar

Identifying Individuals at Clinical High Risk of Psychosis in Different Cultures and Countries

Identifying Individuals at Clinical High Risk of Psychosis in Different Cultures and Countries
A Book

by Tianhong Zhang,Jijun Wang,Kristen Woodberry

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-03-31
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889636526
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Complex Connection between Cannabis and Schizophrenia

The Complex Connection between Cannabis and Schizophrenia
A Book

by Michael T. Compton,Marc Manseau

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-08-25
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 0128051833
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Complex Connections between Cannabis and Schizophrenia provides an in-depth overview of the current state of research into the role that cannabis plays in schizophrenia, covering both the pathophysiological and the pharmacological implications. It addresses the epidemiology of cannabis use and the risks associated with its use, the biological aspects of the drug, its effects on the brain and the pharmacological possibilities of using cannabidiol to treat schizophrenia. It is the only book on the market devoted exclusively to examining the links between this very commonly used (and misused) drug and a specific set of devastating psychiatric illnesses, providing a comprehensive guide to our current understandings of this relationship. Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug globally, and is becoming increasingly decriminalized and even legalized worldwide. Among the numerous mental-health concerns related to the drug, there is mounting evidence of an intricate link between cannabis use and schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders. At the same time, there is promising evidence to suggest that cannabidiol, one of the many compounds found in cannabis that activates the brain’s cannabinoid receptors, could prove to be an effective antipsychotic to treat schizophrenia. Synthesizes existing knowledge about the confusing, but crucial, relationship between cannabis use and schizophrenia symptoms Provides a comprehensive overview of the neurobiological mechanisms of cannabis use and its effects on the brain, including an exploration of the endocannabinoid system Examines the promising evidence suggesting cannabidiol as an effective antipsychotic treatment for schizophrenia Aids readers studying the neurobiological underpinning of cannabis addiction and psychosis in determining directions for their own future research

Early Detection and Intervention in Psychosis

Early Detection and Intervention in Psychosis
State of the Art and Future Perspectives

by A. Riecher-Rössler,P.D. McGorry

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2016-01-08
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 3318056219
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This new volume reviews early detection approaches and possible subsequent interventions for psychosis. After introductory chapters, various methods for early detection not only in adults, but also adolescents are described. In this context, the validity of the psychosis high-risk state is debated along with whether early detection is indeed helpful, or actually stigmatizing, for the patient. Further contributions review neuroimaging, including structural and functional MRI, as well as pattern recognition methods and measurement of connectivity abnormalities. Neurocognitive and neurophysiological assessments are also discussed in detail. The last part focuses on early intervention for emerging psychosis, including psychological methods, non-pharmacological substances and pharmacological treatments. Overall conclusions and future perspectives are provided in a final chapter. This book is a state-of-the-art review of current options. It is important reading for researchers and clinicians faced with recognizing and treating psychosis in the most timely and effective manner possible.

Vulnerability to Psychosis

Vulnerability to Psychosis
From Neurosciences to Psychopathology

by Paolo Fusar-Poli,Stefan J. Borgwardt,Philip McGuire

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2013-06-17
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1136596380
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Early clinical intervention in psychosis is now a major objective of mental health services and the development of specialist intervention services has greatly facilitated research on the early phases of this disorder. In this book, contributors provide a review of the neurobiological research in people at high risk of psychosis, focusing on the transition from being at a high risk state to their first episode. Contributors consider unaffected family members and twin studies as well as the individual’s data before and after the onset of the illness. The environmental factors that contribute to a psychotic episode are also examined. Vulnerability to Psychosis presents neurobiological findings in the context of what is now known about the psychopathology and cognitive impairments that are evident in people at high risk of psychosis. It will be essential reading for clinicians working with this client group, and will interest academics looking for state of the art information in this field.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®)

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®)
A Book

by American Psychiatric Association

  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • Release : 2013-05-22
  • Pages : 991
  • ISBN : 0890425574
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This new edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®), used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders, is the product of more than 10 years of effort by hundreds of international experts in all aspects of mental health. Their dedication and hard work have yielded an authoritative volume that defines and classifies mental disorders in order to improve diagnoses, treatment, and research. The criteria are concise and explicit, intended to facilitate an objective assessment of symptom presentations in a variety of clinical settings -- inpatient, outpatient, partial hospital, consultation-liaison, clinical, private practice, and primary care. New features and enhancements make DSM-5® easier to use across all settings: The chapter organization reflects a lifespan approach, with disorders typically diagnosed in childhood (such as neurodevelopmental disorders) at the beginning of the manual, and those more typical of older adults (such as neurocognitive disorders) placed at the end. Also included are age-related factors specific to diagnosis. The latest findings in neuroimaging and genetics have been integrated into each disorder along with gender and cultural considerations. The revised organizational structure recognizes symptoms that span multiple diagnostic categories, providing new clinical insight in diagnosis. Specific criteria have been streamlined, consolidated, or clarified to be consistent with clinical practice (including the consolidation of autism disorder, Asperger's syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder into autism spectrum disorder; the streamlined classification of bipolar and depressive disorders; the restructuring of substance use disorders for consistency and clarity; and the enhanced specificity for major and mild neurocognitive disorders). Dimensional assessments for research and validation of clinical results have been provided. Both ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes are included for each disorder, and the organizational structure is consistent with the new ICD-11 in development. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, is the most comprehensive, current, and critical resource for clinical practice available to today's mental health clinicians and researchers of all orientations. The information contained in the manual is also valuable to other physicians and health professionals, including psychologists, counselors, nurses, and occupational and rehabilitation therapists, as well as social workers and forensic and legal specialists.

Cognition across the psychiatric disorder spectrum: From mental health to clinical diagnosis

Cognition across the psychiatric disorder spectrum: From mental health to clinical diagnosis

by Caroline Gurvich, Susan L. Rossell

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015-08-31
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889196534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Psychiatric symptoms are considered to be distributed along a continuum, from good mental health to a diagnosable psychiatric disorder. In the case of psychosis, subclinical psychotic experiences, which can include odd behaviors, strange speech, unusual perceptual experiences and social/emotional withdrawal, are often referred to as schizotypy. Research examining schizotypal traits in non-clinical populations is rapidly expanding. The exploration of schizotypy allows us to identify areas of overlap with psychiatric disorders (schizophrenia and related disorders) at genetic, biological, environmental and psychosocial levels, thus identifying putative risk factors, as well as exploring potentially protective factors. Schizotypy is also a valuable model for exploring cognition as performance is not confounded by issues often present in schizophrenia samples, such as long-term antipsychotic medication usage, social isolation, and recurrent hospitalizations. Investigating cognition is a particularly important area of research as cognitive symptoms in schizophrenia, such as impaired attention, reduced memory and difficulties with executive functions, are a core feature of schizophrenia and strongly related to quality of life and functional outcomes, yet generally respond poorly to current treatment options. The aim of this special Research Topic is to explore the relationship between cognition, schizotypy and the schizophrenia spectrum. The articles in this e-book draw on a variety of perspectives and represent an interesting array of opinions, reviews and empirical studies that begin to answer questions about the similarities and overlaps between schizotypy and schizophrenia spectrum disorders, contributing to our understanding of potential risk factors. Equally important is research that highlights differences between schizotypy and schizophrenia spectrum disorders that may enhance our understanding of potentially protective or adaptive features of schizotypy. Collectively, these articles highlight the exploratory potential of the study of schizotypy, particularly in relation to better understanding cognition across the schizophrenia spectrum.

Management of Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury

Management of Adults With Traumatic Brain Injury
A Book

by David B. Arciniegas,Nathan D. Zasler,Rodney D. Vanderploeg,Michael S. Jaffee

  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • Release : 2013-04-03
  • Pages : 587
  • ISBN : 158562988X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a public health issue of worldwide proportions, affecting motorists, victims of interpersonal violence, athletes, military service members, and Veterans, among others. Management of Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury provides evidence-informed guidance on the core topics in brain injury medicine, including the epidemiology and pathophysiology of TBI, the medical evaluation and neuropsychological assessment of persons with TBI, and the common cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and other neurological disturbances for which persons with TBI and their families seek clinical care. The volume offers many useful features to its readers, including: Chapters written by an internationally known group of editors and contributors offering cutting-edge, multidisciplinary perspectives in brain injury medicine. Guidance on the identification and management of early and late postinjury neuropsychiatric disturbances as well as their psychological and psychosocial consequences. Identification of special issues relevant to the evaluation and treatment of TBI and postconcussive symptoms among military service members, and Veterans. Discussion of the ethics and methods of forensic assessment of persons with TBI. Key Clinical Points that highlight concepts, assessment issues, and clinical management strategies in each chapter. A wealth of tables and figures to enhance the accessibility and clinical utility of the book, as well as appendices of additional readings and relevant websites for persons and families affected by TBI and the clinicians providing their care. Impressive breadth and depth of coverage, logical structure, clinically rich detail, and concise presentation make Management of Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury a must-read for every physician, nurse, and mental health practitioner working to improve the lives of persons with TBI.