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Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders
A Book

by Melissa Buelow

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-07
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 0128150025
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders provides readers with a detailed examination of how risky decision making is affected by a wide array of individual psychological disorders. The book starts by providing important background information on the construct of risky decision making, the assessment of risky decision making, and the neuroscience behind such decision making. The Iowa Gambling Task, Balloon Analogue Risk Task, and other behavioral measures are covered, as are topics such as test reliability and the pros and cons of utilizing tasks that have strong practice effects. The book then moves into how risky decision making is affected by specific psychological disorders, such as addictive behaviors, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia, sleep disorders, eating disorders, and more.

Behavioral and Dopaminergic Factors Associated with Risky Decision-making in Rats: Implications for Substance Abuse

Behavioral and Dopaminergic Factors Associated with Risky Decision-making in Rats: Implications for Substance Abuse
A Book

by Daniel Gabriel

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Excessive risky decision-making is common in multiple psychiatric disorders, including substance abuse disorder. The risky decision-making task (RDT) models addiction-relevant risk-taking in rats by measuring preference between a small reward and large reward associated with systematically increasing risk of shock. This Thesis examined the relationship between risk-taking in the RDT and multiple cognitive and neurobiological addiction-relevant phenotypes. Risk-taking was associated with elevated impulsive action, but not impulsive choice or habit formation. Furthermore, risk-taking predicted locomotor sensitivity to first-time nicotine exposure and resilience to nicotine-evoked anxiety. Finally, risk-taking was associated with elevated phasic dopamine release and sensitivity to the dopamine transporter inhibitor nomifensine in the nucleus accumbens. Collectively, these data demonstrate that risk preference in the RDT predicts a cluster of traits associated with substance abuse, and may have utility for identification of neurobiological and genetic biomarkers that engender addiction vulnerability.

Risk Tolerance in Financial Decision Making

Risk Tolerance in Financial Decision Making
A Book

by C. Lucarelli,G. Brighetti

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2010-12-03
  • Pages : 269
  • ISBN : 023030382X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book sheds light on the emotional side of risk taking behaviour using an innovative cross-disciplinary approach, mixing financial competences with psychology and affective neuroscience. In doing so, it shows the implications for market participants and regulators in terms of transparency and communication between intermediaries and customers.

Decision Making, Affect, and Learning

Decision Making, Affect, and Learning
Attention and Performance XXIII

by Mauricio R. Delgado,Elizabeth A. Phelps,Trevor W. Robbins

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2011-03-24
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 0191616737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This latest volume in the critically acclaimed and highly influential Attention and Performance series focuses on two of the fastest moving research areas in cognitive and affective neuroscience - decision making and emotional processing. Decision Making, Affect, and Learning investigates the psychological and neural systems underlying decision making, and the relationship with reward, affect, and learning. In addition, it considers neurodevelopmental and clinical aspects of these issues - for example the role of decision making and reward in drug addiction. It also looks at the applied aspects of this knowledge to other disciplines, including the growing field of Neuroeconomics. After an introductory chapter from the Volume editors, the book is then arranged according to the following themes: Psychological Processes underlying decision-making. Neural systems of decision-making Neural systems of emotion, reward and learning Neurodevelopmental and clinical aspects Superbly written and edited, the book highlights the complex interplay between emotional and decision-making processes and their relationship with learning.

Handbook of Assessing Variants and Complications in Anxiety Disorders

Handbook of Assessing Variants and Complications in Anxiety Disorders
A Book

by Dean McKay,Eric A. Storch

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-25
  • Pages : 255
  • ISBN : 1461464528
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of Assessing Variants and Complications in Anxiety Disorders assembles current findings on assessment methods and applies them to common complicating factors, including comorbid personality and behavioral problems. Chapters examine innovative approaches to assessment of anxiety in children and adults, provide leading insights into timely topics (e.g., school refusal, self-injurious behaviors), and analyze strengths and weaknesses of widely used assessment tools. In clarifying the assessment process, contributors give readers a clear perspective on choosing treatment options in keeping with the trend toward targeted, evidence-based practice, and pinpoint needs for further research. The Handbook's coverage spans the anxiety spectrum, including areas such as: Assessment of social and generalized anxiety disorder. Neuropsychological assessment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Intelligence testing and treatment planning with children. Assessment of substance abuse and dependence in anxiety disorders. Personality disorder assessment in clients with anxiety disorders. Functional assessment of comorbid and secondary disorders: identifying conditions for primary treatment. The Handbook of Assessing Variants and Complications in Anxiety Disorders is an essential reference for researchers, scientist-practitioners, and graduate students in clinical child, school, and developmental psychology; social work; psychiatry; psychotherapy; counseling; and pediatrics. And its companion volume, the Handbook of Treating Variants and Complications in Anxiety Disorders, translates these findings to the next stage of care.

Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2013 Edition

Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2013 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2013-05-01
  • Pages : 1187
  • ISBN : 1490106359
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Group Psychotherapy. The editors have built Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Group Psychotherapy in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Clinical Psychology, Psychiatry, and Counseling: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Inventing Ourselves

Inventing Ourselves
The Secret Life of the Teenage Brain

by Sarah-Jayne Blakemore

  • Publisher : Random House
  • Release : 2018-03-22
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 1473527252
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'You will understand your children better for reading it.' The Times 'Beautifully written with clarity, expertise and honesty about the most important subject for all of us. I couldn't put it down.' Professor Robert Winston An insightful and inspiring read from award-winning neuroscienist, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore Sarah-Jayne Blakemore explains: · What makes the adolescent brain different? · Why does an easy child become a challenging teenager? · What drives the excessive risk-taking and the need for intense friendships common to teenagers? · Why it is that many mental illnesses – depression, addiction, schizophrenia – begin during these formative years. And she shows that while adolescence is a period of vulnerability, it is also a time of enormous creativity and opportunity. What readers are saying: *****'An accessible, optimistic and illuminating book.' *****'Essential reading for parents and teachers of adolescents.' *****'Relevant, fascinating and captivating.'

Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal Psychology
The Science and Treatment of Psychological Disorders

by Ann M. Kring,Sheri L. Johnson

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-03-03
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1119705479
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The focus of this book has always been on the balancing and blending of research and clinical application and on the effort to involve the learner in the problem solving engaged in by clinicians and scientists. We continue to emphasize an integrated approach, showing how psychopathology is best understood by considering multiple perspectives and how these varying perspectives can provide us with the clearest accounting of the causes of these disorders as well as the best possible treatments. With the fifteenth edition, we have once again emphasized the recent and comprehensive research coverage that has been the hallmark of the book. Of equal importance, however, we have worked to make the prose ever more accessible to a variety of students"--

The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Psychology
A Book

by David H. Barlow

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press (UK)
  • Release : 2014-04-28
  • Pages : 945
  • ISBN : 0199328714
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The exponential growth of clinical psychology since the late 1960s can be measured in part by the extensive-perhaps exhaustive-literature on the subject. This proliferation of writing has continued into the new century, and the field has come to be defined as much by its many topics as its many voices. The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Psychology synthesizes these decades of literature in one extraordinary volume. Comprising chapters from the foremost scholars in clinical psychology, the handbook provides even and authoritative coverage of the research, practice, and policy factors that combine to form today's clinical psychology landscape. In addition to core sections on topics such as training, assessment, diagnosis, and intervention, the handbook includes valuable chapters devoted to new and emerging issues in the clinical field, including heath care reforms, cultural factors, and technological innovations and challenges. Each chapter offers a review of the most pertinent literature, outlining current issues and identifying possibilities for future research. Featuring two chapters by Editor David H. Barlow -- one on changes during his own 40-year odyssey in the field, the other projecting ten themes for the future of clinical psychology -- The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Psychology is a landmark publication that is sure to serve as the field's benchmark reference publication for years to come. It is an essential resource for students, clinicians, and researchers across the ever-growing clinical psychology community.

Extreme Eating Behaviours

Extreme Eating Behaviours
A Book

by Hubertus Himmerich,Ute Krügel,Ahmad Saedisomeolia

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-03-03
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889665348
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adolescent Substance Use Disorders, An Issue of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America - E-Book

Adolescent Substance Use Disorders, An Issue of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America - E-Book
A Book

by Yifrah Kaminer

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2010-06-29
  • Pages : 225
  • ISBN : 1455700207
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive issue on Substance Abuse in youth begins with articles on epidemiological trends, genetic risk factors, neurobiology of substance use disorders, and race and gender associations, and then provides detailed reviews on prevention and various treatment methodologies. Treatments discussed include individual and group interventions (motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral therapy), contingency reinforcement, multidimentional family therapy, pharmacotherapy, and post-treatment aftercare. Also reviewed in detail are substance use disorders and psychiatric comorbidity. The issue then takes a close look at two emerging areas of concern in youth: gambling and internet occupation, and energy drink use. By all accounts, a must-read issue for psychiatrists everywhere.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Adult Outcome and Its Predictors

by Lily Hechtman

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2016-10-03
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0190213582
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book provides a comprehensive summary of the best known and most highly respected well-controlled long-term prospective follow-up studies in ADHD. These studies followed children with ADHD and matched controls into young adulthood (mean age 20-25 years) and middle-age (mean age 41 years). They explore a wide variety of outcome areas, e.g. education, occupation, emotional and psychiatric functioning, substance use and abuse, sexual behavior, as well as legal problems. One chapter focuses particularly on the outcome of girls with ADHD. Outcome areas explored are thus comprehensive and clinically very relevant. The book also explores the possible predictors of adult outcome. A whole chapter is devoted to treatment (medication and psychosocial) as a predictor of outcome. In addition to treatment, predictors explored include characteristics of the child (e.g., IQ, severity of initial ADHD symptoms, initial comorbidity characteristics of the family, e.g., socioeconomic status, single parenthood, parental pathology, and family functioning. In a summary chapter, the impact and importance of these various predictors in different outcome areas, e.g. education, occupation, emotional/social functioning, antisocial behavior, substance use and abuse and risky sexual and driving behaviors are explored. In summary, the book provides a comprehensive view of the prognosis, e.g., long-term outcome of ADHD and key factors which can influence this outcome. Professionals and the general public will thus get a clear view of what can happen to children with ADHD as they proceed through adolescence and adulthood and address important prognostic and predictive factors in their treatment approaches to ensure better long-term outcome in patients with ADHD.

Ethical Decision Making in School Mental Health

Ethical Decision Making in School Mental Health
A Book

by James C. Raines,Nic T. Dibble

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2010-09-30
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780199780426
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ethical predicaments are endemic for mental health professionals working in a host setting like schools. New interventions, evolving technologies, and a patchwork of ethical guidelines and legal codes create a constant stream of new ethical dilemmas. Quick answers and simple solutions are rare, but with the seven-stage model presented here, readers will learn to apply an ethical decision-making process that minimizes their liability while better protecting their students. Beginning with an introduction to the moral, legal, and clinical foundations that undergird ethical practice, the authors outline an ethical decision-making process to handle conundrums that includes seven major steps: know yourself, analyze the dilemma, seek consultation, identify courses of action, manage the clinical concerns, enact the decision, and reflect on the process. Each chapter describes these steps in detail, provides case examples to illustrate their application, and presents exercises that encourage readers to integrate them into their everyday practice. This handy guide is written for the school social workers, school psychologists, school nurses, and school counselors who are responsible for acting in their students' best interests, as well as post-secondary students studying to enter one of these professions. It will be a trusted resource for school services professionals seeking clear but nuanced guidance in resolving thorny ethical issues.

Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition

Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition
ScholarlyBrief

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 1481687077
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about ZZZAdditional Research in a concise format. The editors have built Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology

The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology
A Book

by Nancy A. Pachana,Ken Laidlaw

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 1128
  • ISBN : 0199663173
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The Oxford Handbook of Geropsychology provides students and experienced clinicians and clinical researchers alike with a comprehensive and contemporary overview of developments in the field of geropsychology. Informed by an international perspective, the introductory section covers demographics, meta-analyses in geropsychology, social capital and gender, cognitive development, and ageing. Sections on assessment and formulation include chapters on interviewing older people, psychological assessment strategies, capacity and suicidal ideation, and understanding long term care environments. Psychological distress and their causes are reviewed with chapters focusing upon late-life depression and anxiety, psychosis, and personality disorders. In this section, neuropsychiatric approaches to working with older people and risk factors relating to cognitive health are reviewed. Intervention strategies covered include cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), and family therapy. Interprofessional teamwork and aspects of work with persons with dementia (PwD), caregivers, and care staff, are also covered. Chapters on interventions address specific populations such as lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender older persons, people with physical and psychological comorbidities, and those experiencing grief and bereavement. Finally, this Handbook explores new horizons, including positive ageing, exercise and health promotion, and the use of new media such as online and virtual reality interactive technologies in clinical research and practice with older adults." -- From the Amazon

Handbook of Juvenile Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry

Handbook of Juvenile Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry
A Book

by Elena L. Grigorenko

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-02-21
  • Pages : 596
  • ISBN : 1461409055
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Juvenile justice centers have a long tradition as an unfortunate stop for young offenders who need mental health care. Reports estimate that as many as 70% of the youth in detention centers meet criteria for mental health disorders. As juvenile justice systems once again turn their focus from confinement to rehabilitation, mental health providers have major opportunities to inform and improve both practice and policy. The Handbook of Juvenile Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry explores these opportunities by emphasizing a developmental perspective, multifaceted assessment, and evidence-based practice in working with juvenile offenders. This comprehensive volume provides insights at virtually every intersection of mental health practice and juvenile justice, covering areas as wide-ranging as special populations, sentencing issues, educational and pharmacological interventions, family involvement, ethical issues, staff training concerns, and emerging challenges. Together, its chapters contain guidelines not only for changing the culture of detention but also preventing detention facilities from being the venue of choice in placing troubled youth. Key issues addressed in the Handbook include: Developmental risks for delinquency. Race and sex disparities in juvenile justice processing. Establishing standards of practice in juvenile forensic mental health assessment. Serving dually diagnosed youth in the juvenile justice system. PTSD among court-involved youth. Female juvenile offenders. Juvenile sex offenders. The Handbook of Juvenile Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry is an essential reference for researchers, professors, allied clinicians and professionals, and policy makers across multiple fields, including child and school psychology, child and adolescent psychiatry, developmental psychology, criminology, juvenile justice, forensic psychology, neuropsychology, social work, and education.

Handbook of Psychology in Legal Contexts

Handbook of Psychology in Legal Contexts
A Book

by David Carson,Ray Bull

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2003-07-11
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN : 047086222X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The second edition of this popular international handbook highlights the developing relationship between psychology and the law. Consisting of all-new material and drawing on the work of practitioners and academics from the UK, Europe, North America and elsewhere, this volume looks not only at the more traditional elements of psychology and the law - the provision of psychological assessments about individuals to the courts - but also many of the recent developments, such as the interaction between psychologists and other professionals, decision-making by judges and juries, and the shaping of social policy and political debate. Contemporary and authoritative in its scope, the second edition of The Handbook of Psychology in Legal Contexts will again prove to be a valuable resource for scholars and students, as well as being a vital tool for all professionals working in the field. * Well known editors and an international list of authors, most of whom are leaders in their field * Focus on psychological concepts and knowledge that will enlighten best practice and research * The focus on process and issues ensures that the book is not limited in interest by specific legal codes or legislation, it is international * More than an updating of the old chapters, really a rethinking of the field and what is now important and emerging

Cyberpsychology and the Brain

Cyberpsychology and the Brain
The Interaction of Neuroscience and Affective Computing

by Thomas D. Parsons

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-04-07
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN : 1107094879
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book proposes a framework for integrating neuroscience and cyberpsychology for the study of social, cognitive, and affective processes.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
A Neuropsychological Approach

by Pritha Mukhopadhyay,Sreemoyee Tarafder

  • Publisher : SAGE Publishing India
  • Release : 2018-07-02
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN : 9352807332
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited book is a comprehensive presentation of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) through a neuropsychological framework and the various empirical researches carried out in this domain. The book evaluates whether the information from different research perspectives can form a strong basis for improving the available treatment options for OCD as well as devising newer and better therapy strategies. It thoroughly discusses the various neuropsychological assessment tools that can be used to study the different dimensions of OCD in terms of symptom severity, beliefs, personality and cognition, including executive functions. The book provides guidelines to enhance the skills necessary for developing clinical acumen. The distorted beliefs and functioning, familial factors and scope for inheriting the disorder and obsessive–compulsive spectrum are also described in detail. The book concludes with a discussion of obsessive–compulsive personality traits to help readers arrive at a holistic understanding of OCD, combining neuropsychological and psychoanalytical lenses.

Dictionary of Psychology

Dictionary of Psychology
A Book

by Mike Cardwell

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-01-27
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 1135926107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.