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Rumination and Related Constructs

Rumination and Related Constructs
Causes, Consequences, and Treatment of Thinking Too Much

by Ashley Borders

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-04-11
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 0128126310
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rumination and Related Constructs: Causes, Consequences, and Treatment of Thinking Too Much synthesizes existing research relating to rumination. Integrating research and theories from clinical, social, cognitive, and health psychology, it features empirical findings related to why people ruminate, as well as treatments that decrease rumination. The book applies a transdiagnostic approach, looking beyond just depression to emphasize the wide range of clinical outcomes associated with repetitive thought. The book additionally describes research on physiological reactivity to rumination, the expression of rumination, potential benefits of rumination, and much more. Summarizes research on the emotional, behavioral, and physical consequences of rumination Discusses rumination in conjunction with different psychological disorders Integrates existing theories about rumination Identifies triggers and personality traits that influence whether people ruminate Explores cognitive and neural correlates of rumination Reviews established treatments for rumination

Encyclopedia of Adolescence

Encyclopedia of Adolescence
A Book

by Roger J.R. Levesque

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-09-05
  • Pages : 3112
  • ISBN : 1441916946
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Encyclopedia of Adolescence breaks new ground as an important central resource for the study of adolescence. Comprehensive in breath and textbook in depth, the Encyclopedia of Adolescence – with entries presented in easy-to-access A to Z format – serves as a reference repository of knowledge in the field as well as a frequently updated conduit of new knowledge long before such information trickles down from research to standard textbooks. By making full use of Springer’s print and online flexibility, the Encyclopedia is at the forefront of efforts to advance the field by pushing and creating new boundaries and areas of study that further our understanding of adolescents and their place in society. Substantively, the Encyclopedia draws from four major areas of research relating to adolescence. The first broad area includes research relating to "Self, Identity and Development in Adolescence". This area covers research relating to identity, from early adolescence through emerging adulthood; basic aspects of development (e.g., biological, cognitive, social); and foundational developmental theories. In addition, this area focuses on various types of identity: gender, sexual, civic, moral, political, racial, spiritual, religious, and so forth. The second broad area centers on "Adolescents’ Social and Personal Relationships". This area of research examines the nature and influence of a variety of important relationships, including family, peer, friends, sexual and romantic as well as significant nonparental adults. The third area examines "Adolescents in Social Institutions". This area of research centers on the influence and nature of important institutions that serve as the socializing contexts for adolescents. These major institutions include schools, religious groups, justice systems, medical fields, cultural contexts, media, legal systems, economic structures, and youth organizations. "Adolescent Mental Health" constitutes the last major area of research. This broad area of research focuses on the wide variety of human thoughts, actions, and behaviors relating to mental health, from psychopathology to thriving. Major topic examples include deviance, violence, crime, pathology (DSM), normalcy, risk, victimization, disabilities, flow, and positive youth development.

Neural Aspects of Ruminative Self-focus in Depression

Neural Aspects of Ruminative Self-focus in Depression
A Book

by Rebecca Cooney

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wahrhafft. ... Geschichts-Abtruck in gewaltsambden Spolien und Attentaten-Sachen des Abteylichen Gottes-Hauß Heisterbach, Spoliaten wider Anwaldt Preißlich-Chur-Cöllnischen Hoff-Cammer

Wahrhafft. ... Geschichts-Abtruck in gewaltsambden Spolien und Attentaten-Sachen des Abteylichen Gottes-Hauß Heisterbach, Spoliaten wider Anwaldt Preißlich-Chur-Cöllnischen Hoff-Cammer
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 16??
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Romantic Goal Preoccupation

Romantic Goal Preoccupation
Scale Validation and Experimental Evidence of Its Effects on the Processing of Social Information

by Jennifer Lynne Yanowitz

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Intrusive and Repetitive Thoughts: Investigating the Construct of Rumination

Intrusive and Repetitive Thoughts: Investigating the Construct of Rumination
A Book

by Sabrina Krys

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Measuring Emotional Intelligence and Related Constructs

Measuring Emotional Intelligence and Related Constructs
A Book

by Nicola Susanne Schutte,John M. Malouff

  • Publisher : Edwin Mellen Press
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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John Malouff is Associate Professor of Psychology at Nova Southeastern University in Florida.

The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment

The SAGE Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment
Personality Theories and Models (Volume 1)

by Gregory J Boyle,Gerald Matthews,Donald H Saklofske

  • Publisher : SAGE Publications Limited
  • Release : 2008-07-15
  • Pages : 783
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Handbook of Personality Theory and Assessment 2-Volume Set constitutes an essential resource for shaping the future of the scientific foundation of personality research, measurement, and practice. It reviews the major contemporary personality models (Volume 1) and associated psychometric measurement instruments (Volume 2) that underpin the scientific study of this important area of psychology. With contributions from internationally renowned academics, this work will be an important reference work for a host of researchers and practitioners in the fields of individual differences and personality assessment, clinical psychology, educational psychology, work and organizational psychology, health psychology and other applied fields as well. Volume 1: Personality Theories and Models. Deals with the major theoretical models underlying personality instruments and covers the following broad topics, listed by section heading: " Explanatory Models For Personality " Comprehensive Trait Models " Key Traits: Psychobiology " Key Traits: Self-Regulation And Stress " New Trait And Dynamic Trait Constructs " Applications

Cognitive and Affective Consequences of Rumination and Distraction in Response to a Depressed Mood

Cognitive and Affective Consequences of Rumination and Distraction in Response to a Depressed Mood
A Book

by Douglas John Needles

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Forgiveness Anxiety

Forgiveness Anxiety
Validation of a New Mediator of Forgiveness

by Ian Todd Williamson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cultural Influences on Expression and Coping

Cultural Influences on Expression and Coping
A Study of Asian American Men

by Joyce P. Chu

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Constructs of Empathy, Mindfulness, Self-compassion, and Self-rumination

The Constructs of Empathy, Mindfulness, Self-compassion, and Self-rumination
An Exploratory Factor Analysis

by Michael K. Ligocki

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Previous research has demonstrated correlation amongst empathy, mindfulness, self-compassion and self-rumination. The constructs of empathy and mindfulness, however, remain indeterminate; self-compassion is a relatively new construct; and self-rumination has only recently been shown to correlate negatively with each construct. Evaluation of construct validity is required to draw conclusions about group differences and justify particular interpretations of test scores through explanations of the behaviors the test scores summarize. The primary research objective in this study will be to examine the underlying factor structure of measures of empathy, mindfulness, self-compassion and self-rumination. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the constructs are discrete, overlapping, redundant, or indistinguishable. Three hundred forty-three participants were recruited from a large, ethnically diverse, Southwestern university (57 males and 286 females). The average age of the participants was 25 years of age (M = 24.94 years, SD = 9.193) with the youngest participant being 18 years old and the oldest participant being 62 years old. Participants' self-identified race was as follows: 38.2% White/Caucasian, 23.9% Asian/Pacific Islander, 16.9% African-American, 14.6% Hispanic, 3.2% biracial, 2.6% Middle Eastern, and .6% American-Indian. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire and one psychological measure that was constructed using all items from five existing measures: Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1983), the Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills (KIMS; Baer, Smith, Allen, 2004), the Rumination subscale of the Rumination-Reflection Questionnaire (RRQ; Trapnell and Campbell, 1999), the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS; Neff, 2003a), and the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (M-C) Short Form-C. A series of principal-axis factor analyses with promax rotation (k=4) resulted in a comparison between 4-, 7-, and 12-factor solutions. 4-factor solution aligned with 34.1% of the overall variance. 7-factor solution aligned with 41.1% of the overall variance. 12-factor solution aligned with 48.2% of the overall variance. Overall, the 12-factor model was found to be the most interpretable, but not the most parsimonious. Across all factor solutions, the 12-factor model produced more consistency and strength across item-factor loadings, yielded the highest percentage of hyperplane counts (4-factor = 35.4%; 7-factor = 56.6%; 12-factor = 67.8%), provided good congruence with conceptually-derived organization of the measures under investigation, and accounted for the largest amount of variance. However, the 4-factor model was more parsimonious, indicated potential overlap/redundancy between constructs under investigation, and revealed that a higher-order factor may account for the several of the later factors within the 12-factor solution. These results confirm the need for future and ongoing study of these constructs and will hopefully lead to a more comprehensive understanding of empathy and mindfulness, two of the constructs that are core to the effectiveness of therapeutic work.

Nonabusive Mothers of Sexually Abused Children

Nonabusive Mothers of Sexually Abused Children
The Role of Rumination in Maternal Outcomes

by Carol A. Plummer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International
The humanities and social sciences. A

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009-06
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Psychology of Gender

The Psychology of Gender
A Book

by Vicki S. Helgeson

  • Publisher : Prentice Hall
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 698
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Unlike other gender books, this one focuses equally on both men and women, drawing from the empirical research and conceptual discussions surrounding gender in the areas of psychology, sociology, anthropology, medicine, and public health. It reviews the research from multiple perspectives, but emphasizes the implications of social roles, status, and gender-related traits, particularly for relationships and health-areas that are central to readers' lives and that have a great impact on their day-to-day functioning. For individuals interested in the psychology of gender, gender roles, and women.

Road to Forgiveness

Road to Forgiveness
The Influence of Individual Differences, Apology and Perspective Taking

by Ruchi Sinha

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Behavior Therapist

The Behavior Therapist
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Career Development Quarterly

The Career Development Quarterly
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cognitive and Physiological Aspects of Attention to Personally Relevant Negative Information in Depression

Cognitive and Physiological Aspects of Attention to Personally Relevant Negative Information in Depression
A Book

by Greg Jeremy Siegle

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Evidence suggests depressed individuals pay excessive attention to negative information. The current research investigates the nature and clinical implications of such attention biases. A computational neural network, reflecting interacting brain systems that identify emotional and nonemotional aspects of information, is described in which depression is identified with strongly learning certain negative information. The model's behavior suggested that depressed people are reminded of, and attend to personally relevant negative information in response to many stimuli. Predictions for depressed and nondepressed individuals' reaction times, signal detection rates, and the time course of cognitive load in response to emotional stimuli were derived from the computational model. To evaluate these predictions, pupil dilations and reaction times were collected from 24 unmedicated depressed and 25 nondepressed adults in response to emotional lexical decision and valence identification tasks. Pupil dilation was used to index cognitive load. load. Mixed ANOVA planned contrasts were employed to evaluate predictions. In support of model derived predictions, depressed individuals rated many stimuli as negative more than nondepressed individuals. The network's behavior suggested that depressed individuals would be quicker to say that negative words were negative, than positive words were positive, and that this difference would be reduced in nondepressed. individuals. This prediction was supported empirically. Principal components analysis of pupil dilations revealed early attentional components (at or before reaction times) and late, possibly ruminative, components (peaking 2 and 4 seconds after reaction times). The computational model suggested cognitive load, indexed by pupil dilation, would be highest for nondepressed individuals during early stages of attention but highest for depressed individuals during later stages of attention. This prediction was supported. Contrary to predictions, differences in depressed individuals' dilations to positive and negative stimuli were not detected. These data suggest depressed individuals may. not initially attend to the content of presented information, but may quickly associate any incoming information with whatever made them depressed. Sustained attention to personally relevant negative information may characterize depressive attention biases. Targeting implicated cognitive and brain processes may improve interventions for depression.

After Years of Ruminating on the Events that Led Up to His Misfortune

After Years of Ruminating on the Events that Led Up to His Misfortune
Exhibition Projects and Proposals 1971-1978

by Alice Aycock

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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