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Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security

Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security
A Book

by M. Dinesh Kumar,Yusuf Kabir,A. J. James

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-05-03
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN : 0128041382
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rural Water Systems for Multiple Uses and Livelihood Security covers the technological, institutional, and policy choices for building rural water supply systems that are sustainable from physical, economic, and ecological points-of-view in developing countries. While there is abundant theoretical discourse on designing village water supply schemes as multiple use systems, there is too little understanding of the type of water needs in rural households, how they vary across socio-economic and climatic settings, the extent to which these needs are met by the existing single use water supply schemes, and what mechanisms exist to take care of unmet demands. The case studies presented in the book from different agro ecological regions quantify these benefits under different agro ecological settings, also examining the economic and environmental trade-offs in maximizing benefits. This book demonstrates how various physical and socio-economic processes alter the hydrology of tanks in rural settings, thereby affecting their performance, also including quantitative criteria that can be used to select tanks suitable for rehabilitation. Covers interdisciplinary topics deftly interwoven in the rural context of varying geo-climatic and socioeconomic situations of people in developing areas Presents methodologies for quantifying the multiple water use benefits from wetlands and case studies from different agro ecologies using these methodologies to help frame appropriate policies Provides analysis of the climatic and socioeconomic factors responsible for changes in hydrology of multiple use wetlands in order to help target multiple use water bodies for rehabilitation Includes implementable models for converting single use water supply systems into multiple use systems

Management of Irrigation and Water Supply Under Climatic Extremes

Management of Irrigation and Water Supply Under Climatic Extremes
Empirical Analysis and Policy Lessons from India

by M. Dinesh Kumar,Yusuf Kabir,Rushabh Hemani,Nitin Bassi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-03-20
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN : 3030594599
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume provides a theoretical basis for the argument that available research that analyzes the impacts of climate on hydrology, water resources, and water systems, without factoring in the effect of climate variability, are inadequate and often misleading. Also, the book empirically shows that the impacts of climate variability on hydrology and water resources, and irrigation, water supply & sanitation systems are far more pronounced than the likely impacts of future change in climate. The book discusses technological, institutional and policy alternatives for reducing these impacts on various competitive use sectors, especially, irrigation, and water supply and sanitation through case studies of river basins in different hydrological setting. To set the context, the volume first presents the long term trends in precipitation and temperature in different regions of India, and compares them against inter-annual, inter-seasonal and intra-day variations in climatic parameters, to show how their differential impacts on water resources.

Water Productivity and Food Security

Water Productivity and Food Security
Global Trends and Regional Patterns

by M. Dinesh Kumar

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-08-21
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 0323914519
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water Productivity and Food Security: Global Trends and Regional Patterns, Volume Three reviews the need for water productivity improvements in agriculture, addressing three distinct questions pertaining to agricultural water productivity improvement in developing countries, including what are the regions where water is a limiting factor for raising agricultural outputs and water productivity improvements, what are the technological measures in irrigation that can raise agricultural water productivity and result in water saving at various scales, and what opportunities exist in the developing economies of South Asia and Africa for raising water productivity and improving water economy at basin scale. This book provides a framework to characterize river basins based on water availability, water supplies, water uses and water demands to ascertain the need and measures available for improving crop water productivity that would be effective at various scales, i.e., plant-level, plot-level, irrigation system level and basin level. This is an essential reference for anyone interested in water management and agriculture. Presents clear explanations of the physical and technical measures that can be adopted to improve productivity of water in agricultural production under different basin conditions Offers physical strategies for improving water productivity in agriculture in different agroecological regions, along with the institutional and policy measures that affect them Includes methodologies for assessing the food security challenges of individual nations using empirical analysis and global datasets

Global Water Resources

Global Water Resources
Festschrift in Honour of Asit K. Biswas

by Cecilia Tortajada,Eduardo Araral

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-09-26
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 1000455033
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a Festschrift in honour of Professor Asit K. Biswas, for his manifold contributions to water resources policy and management and his extensive efforts over six decades to generate, synthetize, apply, and disseminate knowledge at national and global levels. Global Water Resources: Festschrift in Honour of Asit K. Biswas includes invited contributions on global water issues from 23 globally renowned leaders in the public and private sectors, as well as academia, who have made significant contributions to the field of water resources policy, management, development and governance. The vision and expertise of this distinguished group of experts provides a unique focus on unfolding water issues and their bearing on world development This book will be of great value to scholars, students, and policymakers interested in water resource governance, sustainable development, and climate change. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Water Resources Development.

Water Quality Monitoring and Management

Water Quality Monitoring and Management
Basis, Technology and Case Studies

by Daoliang Li,Shuangyin Liu

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-10-11
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 0128113316
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water Quality Monitoring and Management: Basis, Technology and Case Studies presents recent innovations in operations management for water quality monitoring. It highlights the cost of using and choosing smart sensors with advanced engineering approaches that have been applied in water quality monitoring management, including area coverage planning and sequential scheduling. In parallel, the book covers newly introduced technologies like bulk data handling techniques, IoT of agriculture, and compliance with environmental considerations. Presented from a system engineering perspective, the book includes aspects on advanced optimization, system and platform, Wireless Sensor Network, selection of river water quality, groundwater quality detection, and more. It will be an ideal resource for students, researchers and those working daily in agriculture who must maintain acceptable water quality. Discusses field operations research and application in water science Includes detection methods and case analysis for water quality management Encompasses rivers, lakes, seas and groundwater Covers water for agriculture, aquaculture, drinking and industrial uses

Opportunities and Challenges in Development

Opportunities and Challenges in Development
Essays for Sarmila Banerjee

by Simanti Bandyopadhyay,Mousumi Dutta

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-09-28
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN : 9811399816
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a broad overview of the current research on various aspects of development, with a focus on India. The content and treatment of the subject of development in this volume is distinctive in many ways. It is a balanced mix of theory and practical elements, dealing with a number of issues at micro as well as macro levels. The analyses of the current socio-economic problems are attempted in an elegant yet simple manner which makes it equally useful for an aspiring researcher in economics or any inter disciplinary field. The methodologies of the articles include analytical verbal argumentative logic, theoretical constructs or different versions of statistical, econometric or programming techniques. It also contains well written survey articles, which are useful in grasping the fundamental research issues and in tracing the progress of research in an area. The general scope of the book is very wide as the readership can include researchers, scholars, graduate and undergraduate students, policy makers and practitioners. Though the contributors are primarily scholars in the field of Economics or Statistics, the book contains useful takeaways for those working in the area of Development. It will also be of interest to policy makers and practitioners interested in development issues, and to post graduate students in Economics or any field, in social science, management or development.

Water Management, Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Economies

Water Management, Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture in Developing Economies
A Book

by M. Dinesh Kumar,M. V. K. Sivamohan,Nitin Bassi

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-09-26
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN : 041562407X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses strategies for food security and sustainable agriculture in developing economies. The book focuses primarily on India, a fast developing economy, whose natural resource base comprising land and water supporting agricultural production is not only under enormous stress, but also complex and not amenable to a uniform strategy. It critically reviews issues which continue to dominate the debate on water management for agricultural and food production. The book examines the validity of the claim that large water resources projects cause serious social and environmental damages using global and national datasets. The authors examine claims that the future of Indian agriculture is in rain-fed farming supported by small water harvesting. They question whether water-abundant eastern India could become the granary of India, through a groundwater revolution with the right policy inputs. In the process, they look at the less researched aspect of the food security challenge, which is land scarcity in eastern India. The book analyzes the physical, economic and social impacts of large-scale adoption of micro irrigation systems, using a farming system approach for north Gujarat. Through an economic valuation of the multiple use benefits from tank systems in western Orissa, it shows how value of water from large public irrigation systems could be enhanced. The book also looks at the reasons for the limited success in bringing about the much needed institutional reforms in canal irrigation for securing higher productivity and equity using case studies of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Finally it addresses how other countries in the developing world, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa could learn from Indian experience.

Managing Water on China's Farms

Managing Water on China's Farms
Institutions, Policies and the Transformation of Irrigation under Scarcity

by Jinxia Wang,Qiuqiong Huang,Jikun Huang,Scott Rozelle

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-03-23
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 0128052945
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Managing Water on China's Farms: Institutions, Policies and the Transformation of Irrigation under Scarcity is a comprehensive and current look at the water shortage problems in China. While China has emerged as a major player in the world economy, water is the most critical factor that limits the country’s further growth. China’s growing water problems also have a large impact worldwide, with public health as well as economic impacts. If China were to rely heavily on food produced outside of China, the massive volume of food imports would raise food prices internationally. This book examines a series of water issues, beginning with a description of the water shortage problems in China, particularly in the northern part of the country. It then looks at the government and farmers' responses and whether past policies have been effective in resolving the water problems. Managing Water on China’s Farms documents the change of existing and new water management institutional forms over time and across provinces throughout northern China, and then assesses the impacts of these changes in the rural sector. Finally, it examines potential solutions that the research has uncovered, answering the question: Who can build the bridge over China’s troubled waters? Using analyses from information collected firsthand in China’s rural villages, the series of surveys covers diverse geographic regions that are representative of north China and includes perspectives from multiple stakeholders such as village leaders, water managers, and farmers. The policy-oriented research and rich analysis in this book make it of interest to both policy makers and researchers with a focus on China water problems. This book can also be used in a Master or Ph.D. level resource economics course. Uses case studies including problem, factors, proposed solutions, and pros and cons of each to facilitate translational learning and application Uses analyses of firsthand data collected from sources of irrigation water, irrigation systems, and water users Covers governance and operation and maintenance (O and M) practices Provides an informative, quantitative, and rigorous analysis of survey results Provides practical and valuable data, including the detailed micro-level data that enables estimating strategies

Planning and Evaluation of Irrigation Projects

Planning and Evaluation of Irrigation Projects
Methods and Implementation

by Raveendra Kumar Rai,Vijay P. Singh,Alka Upadhyay

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-04-06
  • Pages : 678
  • ISBN : 0128118563
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Planning and Evaluation of Irrigation Projects: Methods and Implementation presents the considerations, options and factors necessary for effective implementation of irrigation strategies, going further to provide methods for evaluating the efficiency of systems-in-place for remedial correction as needed. As the first book to take this lifecycle approach to agricultural irrigation, it includes real-world examples not only on natural resource availability concerns, but also on financial impacts and measurements. With 21 chapters divided into two sections, this book is a valuable resource for agricultural and hydrology engineers, conservation scientists and anyone seeking to implement and maintain irrigation systems. Uses real-world examples to present practical insights Incorporates both planning and evaluation for full-scope understanding and application Illustrates both potential benefits and limitations of irrigation solutions Provides potential means to increase crop productivity that can result in improved farm income

Routledge Handbook of Food and Nutrition Security

Routledge Handbook of Food and Nutrition Security
A Book

by Bill Pritchard,Rodomiro Ortiz,Meera Shekar

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-03-31
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN : 1317596250
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The concept of food and nutrition security has evolved and risen to the top of the international policy agenda over the last decade. Yet it is a complex and multi-faceted issue, requiring a broad and inter-disciplinary perspective for full understanding. This Handbook represents the most comprehensive compilation of our current knowledge of food and nutrition security from a global perspective. It is organized to reflect the wide scope of the contents, its four sections corresponding to the accepted current definitional frameworks prevailing in the work of multilateral agencies and mainstream scholarship. The first section addresses the struggles and progression of ideas and debates about the subject in recent years. The other sections focus on three key themes: how food has been, is and should be made available, including by improvements in agricultural productivity; the ways in which politico-economic and social arenas have shaped access to food; and the effects of food and nutrition systems in addressing human health, known as food utilisation. Overall, the volume synthesizes a vast field of information drawn from agriculture, soil science, climatology, economics, sociology, human and physical geography, the nutrition and health sciences, environmental science and development studies.

Gender Issues in Water and Sanitation Programmes

Gender Issues in Water and Sanitation Programmes
Lessons from India

by Aidan A. Cronin,Pradeep K. Mehta,Anjal Prakash

  • Publisher : SAGE Publishing India
  • Release : 2015-01-13
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 9351504794
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Exclusion and inequitable access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services and opportunities are major concerns to development practitioners. The job of providing water for the household invariably falls on women, often at the expense of their education, income-earning opportunities and social, cultural and political involvement. This book aims to unpack the key elements of the WASH–gender nexus, examine these and recommend ways ahead for improved gender outcomes and WASH impact in India.

Water, Food and Poverty in River Basins

Water, Food and Poverty in River Basins
Defining the Limits

by Myles J. Fisher,Simon E. Cook

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-09-13
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 1135724202
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Conventional wisdom says that the world is heading for a major water crisis. By 2050, global population will increase from 7 billion to a staggering 9.5 billion and the demands this will place on food and water systems will inevitably push river basins over the edge. The findings from this book present a different picture. While it is convenient to visualize an inevitable global water and food crisis in which increasing demands result in increasing poverty, food insecurity and conflict, the reality is far more nuanced and revolves around the politics of equitable and sustainable development of resources. The first part of this book provides detailed insight into conditions of water flows within nine river basins. In the second part, authors summarize and re-analyze the outcome of the nine basins, providing a coherent global picture of water, water productivity and development. They assess the impacts of variations of these attributes on development and approaches for poverty alleviation, and explore the institutional factors that support or obstruct change. How people will manage river systems while protecting vital ecosystem functions will make the difference between catastrophe and survival. As Prof Asit Biswas points out, "... the world is facing a water crisis not because of physical scarcity of water but because of poor management practices in nearly all countries of the world." The book is based on the four years (2006-2010) of extensive research into the state of ten of the world’s major river basins carried out under the CGIAR Challenge Program for Water and Food’s Basin Focal Project. This book was published as a special issue of Water International.

Natural Resources Management and Livelihood Security

Natural Resources Management and Livelihood Security
Survival Strategies and Sustainable Policies

by Mrityunjay M. Jha

  • Publisher : Concept Publishing Company
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 575
  • ISBN : 9788180690969
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Edited Volume Deals With Earth-Its Conservation, Management Of Natural Resources, Agriculture, Livestock And Water Resources Development. It Is Divided Into Five Parts-Natural Resources-Sustaible Livestock Development-Sustainable Agriculture-Policies-Foundation Day Lectures. Advocates Strategies Needed To Save Mankind And Our Planet In The New Millennium.

The Human Face of Water Security

The Human Face of Water Security
A Book

by David Devlaeminck,Zafar Adeel,Robert Sandford

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-03-09
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 3319501615
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume collects essays from academics and practitioners from a diversity of areas and perspectives in order to discuss water security at various levels and to illuminate the central idea of water security: its focus on the individual. Beginning with the big picture, this book aims to illustrate the depth of the water security crisis and its interconnections with other aspects of societal development. It particularly draws a connection to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and discusses that challenges faced in meeting the 17 sustainability development goals (SDG) by the year 2030. Moving from international to domestic and community perspectives, this book provides a unique analysis of issues and solutions to the water issues we face today in light of the ever looming global changes brought on by climate change. Over the past few decades the recognition of our common need for water has increased, as policymakers have sought to place more focus on the individual within policy. After the recognition of water and sanitation as a fundamental human right by the United Nations General Assembly in 2010, there is increasing recognition of the individual as the building block for the struggle for water security. This reality also intersects with adverse impacts of global climate change, and the book responds to the broader question: will clean and safe water be available where we need it and when we need it in the future?

Experiences and opportunities for promoting small-scale/micro irrigation and rainwater harvesting for food security in Ethiopia

Experiences and opportunities for promoting small-scale/micro irrigation and rainwater harvesting for food security in Ethiopia
A Book

by Awulachew, Seleshi Bekele,Merrey, Douglas,Kamara, Abdul,van Koppen, Barbara,Penning de Vries, Frits,Boelee, Eline

  • Publisher : IWMI
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 86
  • ISBN : 929090612X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water poverty in the northeastern hill region (India): potential alleviation through multiple-use water systems: cross-learnings from Nepal Hills

Water poverty in the northeastern hill region (India): potential alleviation through multiple-use water systems: cross-learnings from Nepal Hills
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : IWMI
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 31
  • ISBN : 9290907150
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water in a Changing World

Water in a Changing World
A Book

by World Water Assessment Programme (United Nations),UN-Water,Unesco

  • Publisher : UNESCO
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 9231040952
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The United Nations World Water Development Report", published every three years, is a comprehensive review providing an authoritative picture of the state of the world's freshwater resources. It offers best practices as well as in-depth theoretical analyses to help stimulate ideas and actions for better stewardship in the water sector. It is the only report of its kind, resulting from the collaboration and contributions of the 26 UN agencies, commissions, program, funds, secretariats and conventions that have a significant role in addressing global water concerns.

Water for Food Security, Nutrition and Social Justice

Water for Food Security, Nutrition and Social Justice
A Book

by Lyla Mehta,Theib Oweis,Claudia Ringler,Barbara Schreiner,Shiney Varghese

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-09-19
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN : 1315189941
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is the first comprehensive effort to bring together Water, Food Security and Nutrition (FSN) in a way that goes beyond the traditional focus on irrigated agriculture. Apart from looking at the role of water and sanitation for human well-being, it proposes alternative and more locally appropriate ways to address complex water management and governance challenges from the local to global levels against a backdrop of growing uncertainties. The authors challenge mainstream supply-oriented and neo-Malthusian visions that argue for the need to increase the land area under irrigation in order to feed the world’s growing population. Instead, they argue for a reframing of the debate concerning production processes, waste, food consumption and dietary patterns whilst proposing alternative strategies to improve water and land productivity, putting the interests of marginalized and disenfranchized groups upfront. The book highlights how accessing water for FSN can be challenging for small-holders, vulnerable and marginalized women and men, and how water allocation systems and reform processes can negatively affect local people’s informal rights. The book argues for the need to improve policy coherence across water, land and food and is original in making a case for strengthening the relationship between the human rights to water and food, especially for marginalized women and men. It will be of great interest to practitioners, students and researchers working on water and food issues.

The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus

The Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus
Lessons from India for Development

by M. Dinesh Kumar,Nitin Bassi,A. Narayanamoorthy,M.V.K. Sivamohan

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-02-05
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 1317907612
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It is becoming increasingly recognized that for the optimal sustainable development and use of natural resources, an integrated approach to water management, agriculture, food security and energy is required. This "nexus" is now the focus of major attention by researchers, policy-makers and practitioners. In this book, the authors show how these issues are being addressed in India as part of its economic development, and how these can provide lessons for other developing nations. They address the conflicting claims of water resources for irrigation and hydropower, where both are scarce at the national level for fostering water and energy security. They also consider the relationship between water for irrigated agriculture and household use and its impact on rural poverty. They identify weaknesses in the current hydropower development programme in India that are preventing it from being an ecologically sustainable, socially just and economically viable solution to meeting growing energy demand. The empirical analyses presented show the enormous scope for co-management of water, energy, agricultural growth and food security through appropriate technological interventions and market instruments.

Environmental livelihood security in Southeast Asia and Oceania: a water-energy-food-livelihoods nexus approach for spatially assessing change. White paper

Environmental livelihood security in Southeast Asia and Oceania: a water-energy-food-livelihoods nexus approach for spatially assessing change. White paper
A Book

by Biggs, E. M.,Boruff, B.,Bruce, E.,Duncan, J. M. A.,Haworth, B. J.,Duce, S.,Horsley, J.,Curnow, Jayne,Neef, A.,McNeill, K.,Pauli, N.,Van Ogtrop, F.,Imanari, Y.

  • Publisher : IWMI
  • Release : 2014-04-30
  • Pages : 114
  • ISBN : 9290908076
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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