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Safe Robot Navigation Among Moving and Steady Obstacles

Safe Robot Navigation Among Moving and Steady Obstacles
A Book

by Andrey V. Savkin,Alexey S. Matveev,Michael Hoy,Chao Wang

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2015-09-25
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 0128037571
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Safe Robot Navigation Among Moving and Steady Obstacles is the first book to focus on reactive navigation algorithms in unknown dynamic environments with moving and steady obstacles. The first three chapters provide introduction and background on sliding mode control theory, sensor models, and vehicle kinematics. Chapter 4 deals with the problem of optimal navigation in the presence of obstacles. Chapter 5 discusses the problem of reactively navigating. In Chapter 6, border patrolling algorithms are applied to a more general problem of reactively navigating. A method for guidance of a Dubins-like mobile robot is presented in Chapter 7. Chapter 8 introduces and studies a simple biologically-inspired strategy for navigation a Dubins-car. Chapter 9 deals with a hard scenario where the environment of operation is cluttered with obstacles that may undergo arbitrary motions, including rotations and deformations. Chapter 10 presents a novel reactive algorithm for collision free navigation of a nonholonomic robot in unknown complex dynamic environments with moving obstacles. Chapter 11 introduces and examines a novel purely reactive algorithm to navigate a planar mobile robot in densely cluttered environments with unpredictably moving and deforming obstacles. Chapter 12 considers a multiple robot scenario. For the Control and Automation Engineer, this book offers accessible and precise development of important mathematical models and results. All the presented results have mathematically rigorous proofs. On the other hand, the Engineer in Industry can benefit by the experiments with real robots such as Pioneer robots, autonomous wheelchairs and autonomous mobile hospital. First book on collision free reactive robot navigation in unknown dynamic environments Bridges the gap between mathematical model and practical algorithms Presents implementable and computationally efficient algorithms of robot navigation Includes mathematically rigorous proofs of their convergence A detailed review of existing reactive navigation algorithm for obstacle avoidance Describes fundamentals of sliding mode control

Decentralized Coverage Control Problems For Mobile Robotic Sensor and Actuator Networks

Decentralized Coverage Control Problems For Mobile Robotic Sensor and Actuator Networks
A Book

by Andrey V. Savkin,Teddy M. Cheng,Zhiyu Li,Faizan Javed,Zhiyu Xi,Alexey S. Matveev,Hung Nguyen

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-07-20
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1119025222
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book introduces various coverage control problems for mobile sensor networks including barrier, sweep and blanket. Unlike many existing algorithms, all of the robotic sensor and actuator motion algorithms developed in the book are fully decentralized or distributed, computationally efficient, easily implementable in engineering practice and based only on information on the closest neighbours of each mobile sensor and actuator and local information about the environment. Moreover, the mobile robotic sensors have no prior information about the environment in which they operation. These various types of coverage problems have never been covered before by a single book in a systematic way. Another topic of this book is the study of mobile robotic sensor and actuator networks. Many modern engineering applications include the use of sensor and actuator networks to provide efficient and effective monitoring and control of industrial and environmental processes. Such mobile sensor and actuator networks are able to achieve improved performance and efficient monitoring together with reduction in power consumption and production cost.

Designing Robot Behavior in Human-Robot Interactions

Designing Robot Behavior in Human-Robot Interactions
A Book

by Changliu Liu,Te Tang,Hsien-Chung Lin,Masayoshi Tomizuka

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-09-12
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 0429608373
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book, we have set up a unified analytical framework for various human-robot systems, which involve peer-peer interactions (either space-sharing or time-sharing) or hierarchical interactions. A methodology in designing the robot behavior through control, planning, decision and learning is proposed. In particular, the following topics are discussed in-depth: safety during human-robot interactions, efficiency in real-time robot motion planning, imitation of human behaviors from demonstration, dexterity of robots to adapt to different environments and tasks, cooperation among robots and humans with conflict resolution. These methods are applied in various scenarios, such as human-robot collaborative assembly, robot skill learning from human demonstration, interaction between autonomous and human-driven vehicles, etc. Key Features: Proposes a unified framework to model and analyze human-robot interactions under different modes of interactions. Systematically discusses the control, decision and learning algorithms to enable robots to interact safely with humans in a variety of applications. Presents numerous experimental studies with both industrial collaborative robot arms and autonomous vehicles.

Unmanned Aerial Systems

Unmanned Aerial Systems
Theoretical Foundation and Applications

by Anis Koubaa,Ahmad Taher Azar

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-01-21
  • Pages : 650
  • ISBN : 0128202777
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Unmanned Aerial Systems: Theoretical Foundation and Applications presents some of the latest innovative approaches to drones from the point-of-view of dynamic modeling, system analysis, optimization, control, communications, 3D-mapping, search and rescue, surveillance, farmland and construction monitoring, and more. With the emergence of low-cost UAS, a vast array of research works in academia and products in the industrial sectors have evolved. The book covers the safe operation of UAS, including, but not limited to, fundamental design, mission and path planning, control theory, computer vision, artificial intelligence, applications requirements, and more. This book provides a unique reference of the state-of-the-art research and development of unmanned aerial systems, making it an essential resource for researchers, instructors and practitioners. Covers some of the most innovative approaches to drones Provides the latest state-of-the-art research and development surrounding unmanned aerial systems Presents a comprehensive reference on unmanned aerial systems, with a focus on cutting-edge technologies and recent research trends in the area

Mobile Robots Navigation

Mobile Robots Navigation
A Book

by Alejandra Barrera

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2010-03-01
  • Pages : 682
  • ISBN : 9533070765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mobile robots navigation includes different interrelated activities: (i) perception, as obtaining and interpreting sensory information; (ii) exploration, as the strategy that guides the robot to select the next direction to go; (iii) mapping, involving the construction of a spatial representation by using the sensory information perceived; (iv) localization, as the strategy to estimate the robot position within the spatial map; (v) path planning, as the strategy to find a path towards a goal location being optimal or not; and (vi) path execution, where motor actions are determined and adapted to environmental changes. The book addresses those activities by integrating results from the research work of several authors all over the world. Research cases are documented in 32 chapters organized within 7 categories next described.

Pattern Recognition

Pattern Recognition
8th Mexican Conference, MCPR 2016, Guanajuato, Mexico, June 22-25, 2016. Proceedings

by José Francisco Martínez-Trinidad,Jesús Ariel Carrasco-Ochoa,Victor Ayala Ramírez,José Arturo Olvera-López,Xiaoyi Jiang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-06-15
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 3319393936
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th Mexican Conference on Pattern Recognition, MCPR 2016, held in Guanajuato, Mexico, in June 2016. The 34 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 60 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on computer vision and image analysis; pattern recognition and artificial intelligent techniques; signal processing and analysis; and applications of pattern recognition.

Mobile Robots Navigation

Mobile Robots Navigation
A Book

by Luis Payá,Reinoso Garcia

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-11-13
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 3039286706
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The presence of mobile robots in diverse scenarios is considerably increasing to perform a variety of tasks. Among them, many developments have occurred in the fields of ground, underwater, and flying robotics. Independent of the environment where they move, navigation is a fundamental ability of mobile robots so that they can autonomously complete high-level tasks. This problem can be efficiently addressed through the following actions: First, it is necessary to perceive the environment in which the robot has to move, and extract some relevant information (mapping problem). Second, the robot must be able to estimate its position and orientation within this environment (localization problem). With this information, a trajectory toward the target points must be planned (path planning), and the vehicle must be reactively guided along this trajectory considering either possible changes or interactions with the environment or with the user (control). Given this information, this book introduces current frameworks in these fields (mapping, localization, path planning, and control) and, in general, approaches to any problem related to the navigation of mobile robots, such as odometry, exploration, obstacle avoidance, and simulation.

Field and Service Robotics

Field and Service Robotics
A Book

by Alexander Zelinsky

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 547
  • ISBN : 1447112733
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Joe Engelberger, the pioneer of the robotics industry, wrote in his 1989 book Robotics in Service that the inspiration to write his book came as a reaction to an industry-sponsored forecast study of robot applications, which predicted that in 1995 applications of robotics outside factories - the traditional domain of industrial robots - would amount to less than 1% of total sales. Engelberger believed that this forecast was very wrong, and instead predicted that the non-industrial class of robot applications would become the largest class. Engelbergers prediction has yet to come to pass. However, he did correctly foresee the growth in non-traditional applications of robots. Robots are now beginning to march from the factories and into field and service applications. This book presents a selection of papers from the first major international conference dedicated to field and service applications of robotics. This selection includes papers from the leading research laboratories in the world together with papers from companies that are building and selling new and innovative robotic technology. It describes interesting aspects of robots in the field ranging from mining, agriculture, construction, cargo handling, subsea operations, removal of landmines, to terrestrial exploration. It also covers a diverse range of service applications, such as cleaning, propagating plants and aiding the elderly and handicapped, and gives considerable attention to the technology required to realise robust, reliable and safe robots.

Brain-Inspired Intelligence and Visual Perception

Brain-Inspired Intelligence and Visual Perception
The Brain and Machine Eyes

by Wenfeng Wang,Xiangyang Deng,Liang Ding,Limin Zhang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-02-14
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN : 9811335494
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the latest findings in the field of brain-inspired intelligence and visual perception (BIVP), and discusses novel research assumptions, including an introduction to brain science and the brain vision hypotheses. Moreover, it introduces readers to the theory and algorithms of BIVP – such as pheromone accumulation and iteration, neural cognitive computing mechanisms, the integration and scheduling of core modules, and brain-inspired perception, motion and control – in a step-by-step manner. Accordingly, it will appeal to university researchers, R&D engineers, undergraduate and graduate students; to anyone interested in robots, brain cognition or computer vision; and to all those wishing to learn about the core theory, principles, methods, algorithms, and applications of BIVP.

Intelligent Robotics and Applications

Intelligent Robotics and Applications
14th International Conference, ICIRA 2021, Yantai, China, October 22–25, 2021, Proceedings, Part III

by Xin-Jun Liu,Zhenguo Nie,Jingjun Yu,Fugui Xie,Rui Song

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-11-18
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN : 3030891348
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 4-volume set LNAI 13013 – 13016 constitutes the proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Applications, ICIRA 2021, which took place in Yantai, China, during October 22-25, 2021. The 299 papers included in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 386 submissions. They were organized in topical sections as follows: Robotics dexterous manipulation; sensors, actuators, and controllers for soft and hybrid robots; cable-driven parallel robot; human-centered wearable robotics; hybrid system modeling and human-machine interface; robot manipulation skills learning; micro_nano materials, devices, and systems for biomedical applications; actuating, sensing, control, and instrumentation for ultra-precision engineering; human-robot collaboration; robotic machining; medical robot; machine intelligence for human motion analytics; human-robot interaction for service robots; novel mechanisms, robots and applications; space robot and on-orbit service; neural learning enhanced motion planning and control for human robot interaction; medical engineering.

Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 5

Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 5
A Book

by H. Asama,T. Arai,T. Fukuda,T. Hasegawa

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 4431659412
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 6th International Symposium on Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems (DARS 2002) was held in June 2002 in Fukuoka, Japan, a decade after the first DARS symposium was convened. This book, containing the proceedings of the symposium, provides broad coverage of the technical issues in the current state of the art in distributed autonomous systems composed of multiple robots, robotic modules, or robotic agents. DARS 2002 dealt with new strategies for realizing complex, modular, robust, and fault-tolerant robotic systems, and this volume covers the technical areas of system design, modeling, simulation, operation, sensing, planning, and control. The papers that are included here were contributed by leading researchers from Asia, Oceania, Europe, and the Americas, and make up an invaluable resource for researchers and students in the field of distributed autonomous robotic systems.

Principles and Applications of Narrowband Internet of Things (NBIoT)

Principles and Applications of Narrowband Internet of Things (NBIoT)
A Book

by Routray, Sudhir K.,Mohanty, Sasmita

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2021-01-08
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 1799847764
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The internet of things (IoT) has emerged as a trending technology that is continually being implemented into various practices within the field of engineering and science due to its versatility and various benefits. Despite the levels of innovation that IoT provides, researchers continue to search for networks that maintain levels of sustainability and require fewer resources. A network that measures up to these expectations is Narrowband IoT (NBIoT), which is a low power wide area version of IoT networks and is suitable for larger projects. Engineers and other industry professionals are in need of in-depth knowledge on this growing technology and its various applications. Principles and Applications of Narrowband Internet of Things (NBIoT) is an essential reference source that provides an in-depth understanding on the recent advancements of NBIoT as well as the crucial roles of emerging low power IoT networks in various regions of the world. Featuring research on topics such as security monitoring, sustainability, and cloud infrastructure, this book is ideally designed for developers, engineers, practitioners, researchers, students, managers, and policymakers seeking coverage on the large-scale deployment and modern applications of NBIoT.

Advanced Mobile Robotics

Advanced Mobile Robotics
Volume 3

by DaeEun Kim

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-03-06
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 3039219464
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mobile robotics is a challenging field with great potential. It covers disciplines including electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science, cognitive science, and social science. It is essential to the design of automated robots, in combination with artificial intelligence, vision, and sensor technologies. Mobile robots are widely used for surveillance, guidance, transportation and entertainment tasks, as well as medical applications. This Special Issue intends to concentrate on recent developments concerning mobile robots and the research surrounding them to enhance studies on the fundamental problems observed in the robots. Various multidisciplinary approaches and integrative contributions including navigation, learning and adaptation, networked system, biologically inspired robots and cognitive methods are welcome contributions to this Special Issue, both from a research and an application perspective.

Advances in Communication Systems and Networks

Advances in Communication Systems and Networks
Select Proceedings of ComNet 2019

by J. Jayakumari,George K. Karagiannidis,Maode Ma,Syed Akhter Hossain

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-06-13
  • Pages : 859
  • ISBN : 9811539928
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the selected peer-reviewed papers from the International Conference on Communication Systems and Networks (ComNet) 2019. Highlighting the latest findings, ideas, developments and applications in all areas of advanced communication systems and networking, it covers a variety of topics, including next-generation wireless technologies such as 5G, new hardware platforms, antenna design, applications of artificial intelligence (AI), signal processing and optimization techniques. Given its scope, this book can be useful for beginners, researchers and professionals working in wireless communication and networks, and other allied fields.

Robotics Research

Robotics Research
The 18th International Symposium ISRR

by Nancy M. Amato,Greg Hager,Shawna Thomas,Miguel Torres-Torriti

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-28
  • Pages : 1071
  • ISBN : 3030286193
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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ISRR, the "International Symposium on Robotics Research", is one of robotics pioneering Symposia, which has established over the past two decades some of the field's most fundamental and lasting contributions. This book presents the results of the eighteenth edition of "Robotics Research" ISRR17, offering a collection of a broad range of topics in robotics. This symposium took place in Puerto Varas, Chile from December 11th to December 14th, 2017. The content of the contributions provides a wide coverage of the current state of robotics research, the advances and challenges in its theoretical foundation and technology basis, and the developments in its traditional and new emerging areas of applications. The diversity, novelty, and span of the work unfolding in these areas reveal the field's increased maturity and expanded scope and define the state of the art of robotics and its future direction.

Intelligent Autonomous Systems

Intelligent Autonomous Systems
IAS-4 : Proceedings of the International Conference, Karlsruhe, Germany, March 27-30, 1995

by Ulrich Rembold

  • Publisher : IOS Press
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 730
  • ISBN : 9789051992137
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text presents the proceedings of a conference on intelligent autonomous systems. Papers contribute solutions to the task of designing autonomous systems that are capable of operating independently of a human in partially structured and unstructured environments. For specific application, these systems should also learn from their actions in order to improve and optimize planning and execution of new tasks.

Autonomous Navigation in Dynamic Environments

Autonomous Navigation in Dynamic Environments
A Book

by Christian Laugier,Raja Chatila

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2007-10-14
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 3540734228
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a foundation for a broad class of mobile robot mapping and navigation methodologies for indoor, outdoor, and exploratory missions. It addresses the challenging problem of autonomous navigation in dynamic environments, presenting new ideas and approaches in this emerging technical domain. Coverage discusses in detail various related challenging technical aspects and addresses upcoming technologies in this field.

Collaborative Assistive Robot for Mobility Enhancement (CARMEN)

Collaborative Assistive Robot for Mobility Enhancement (CARMEN)
The bare necessities: assisted wheelchair navigation and beyond

by Cristina Urdiales

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-02-16
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 3642249027
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In nowadays aging society, many people require mobility assistance. Sometimes, assistive devices need a certain degree of autonomy when users' disabilities difficult manual control. However, clinicians report that excessive assistance may lead to loss of residual skills and frustration. Shared control focuses on deciding when users need help and providing it. Collaborative control aims at giving just the right amount of help in a transparent, seamless way. This book presents the collaborative control paradigm. User performance may be indicative of physical/cognitive condition, so it is used to decide how much help is needed. Besides, collaborative control integrates machine and user commands so that people contribute to self-motion at all times. Collaborative control was extensively tested for 3 years using a robotized wheelchair at a rehabilitation hospital in Rome with volunteer inpatients presenting different disabilities, ranging from mild to severe. We also present a taxonomy of common metrics for wheelchair navigation and tests are evaluated accordingly. Obtained results are coherent both from a quantitative and qualitative point of view.

Springer Handbook of Robotics

Springer Handbook of Robotics
A Book

by Bruno Siciliano,Oussama Khatib

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-07-27
  • Pages : 2227
  • ISBN : 3319325523
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The second edition of this handbook provides a state-of-the-art overview on the various aspects in the rapidly developing field of robotics. Reaching for the human frontier, robotics is vigorously engaged in the growing challenges of new emerging domains. Interacting, exploring, and working with humans, the new generation of robots will increasingly touch people and their lives. The credible prospect of practical robots among humans is the result of the scientific endeavour of a half a century of robotic developments that established robotics as a modern scientific discipline. The ongoing vibrant expansion and strong growth of the field during the last decade has fueled this second edition of the Springer Handbook of Robotics. The first edition of the handbook soon became a landmark in robotics publishing and won the American Association of Publishers PROSE Award for Excellence in Physical Sciences & Mathematics as well as the organization’s Award for Engineering & Technology. The second edition of the handbook, edited by two internationally renowned scientists with the support of an outstanding team of seven part editors and more than 200 authors, continues to be an authoritative reference for robotics researchers, newcomers to the field, and scholars from related disciplines. The contents have been restructured to achieve four main objectives: the enlargement of foundational topics for robotics, the enlightenment of design of various types of robotic systems, the extension of the treatment on robots moving in the environment, and the enrichment of advanced robotics applications. Further to an extensive update, fifteen new chapters have been introduced on emerging topics, and a new generation of authors have joined the handbook’s team. A novel addition to the second edition is a comprehensive collection of multimedia references to more than 700 videos, which bring valuable insight into the contents. The videos can be viewed directly augmented into the text with a smartphone or tablet using a unique and specially designed app. Springer Handbook of Robotics Multimedia Extension Portal: http://handbookofrobotics.org/

Systematic Complex Problem Solving in the Age of Digitalization and Open Innovation

Systematic Complex Problem Solving in the Age of Digitalization and Open Innovation
20th International TRIZ Future Conference, TFC 2020, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, October 14–16, 2020, Proceedings

by Denis Cavallucci,Stelian Brad,Pavel Livotov

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-10-09
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 3030612953
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 20th International TRIZ Future Conference on Automated Invention for Smart Industries, TFC 2020, held in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, in October 2020 and sponsored by IFIP WG 5.4. The conference was held virtually. The 34 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 91 submissions. They are organized in the following thematic sections: computing TRIZ; education and pedagogy; sustainable development; tools and techniques of TRIZ for enhancing design; TRIZ and system engineering; TRIZ and complexity; and cross-fertilization of TRIZ for innovation management.