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Sampling and Analysis of Environmental Chemical Pollutants

Sampling and Analysis of Environmental Chemical Pollutants
A Complete Guide

by E. P. Popek

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2003-07-22
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 9780125615402
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An excellent introduction to the real world of environmental work, this book covers all phases of data collection, (planning, field sampling, laboratory analysis, and data quality assessment), and is a single source comprehensive reference for the resolution of the most common problems that environmental professionals face daily in their work. (Midwest).

Environmental Chemical Analysis

Environmental Chemical Analysis
A Book

by S. Mitra,B.B. Kebbekus

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1997-11-27
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9780751404562
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The study of the environment requires the reliable and accurate measurement of extremely small quantities of chemicals and the ability to determine if they are pollutants or naturally occurring species. Historically, a "dilute and disperse" method of waste disposal has been accepted; yet as we learn the long-term consequences of such an approach, it is clear that more rigorous waste management techniques are necessary to understand the sources and fates of contaminants and to regulate their discharge. This volume presents the details of the basic analytical science involved in making these measurements. It concentrates on the basic principles of sampling and sample preparation, followed by the chemical principles of the major instrumental methods used in chemical analysis, and detailed discussions of the major environmental matrices. This book also provides coverage of topics usually only partially discussed in textbooks, such as quality assurance plans and statistical data handling. Students majoring in environmental sciences need a foundation in measurement techniques used in the field. Environmental Chemical Analysis gives students a thorough grounding in this field and enough information to judge the quality and interpret the information produced in the analytical laboratory.

Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling and Analysis

Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling and Analysis
A Book

by Chunlong Zhang

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2007-02-26
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 0470120673
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An integrated approach to understanding the principles of sampling, chemical analysis, and instrumentation This unique reference focuses on the overall framework and why various methodologies are used in environmental sampling and analysis. An understanding of the underlying theories and principles empowers environmental professionals to select and adapt the proper sampling and analytical protocols for specific contaminants as well as for specific project applications. Covering both field sampling and laboratory analysis, Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling and Analysis includes: A review of the basic analytical and organic chemistry, statistics, hydrogeology, and environmental regulations relevant to sampling and analysis An overview of the fundamentals of environmental sampling design, sampling techniques, and quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) essential to acquire quality environmental data A detailed discussion of: the theories of absorption spectroscopy for qualitative and quantitative environmental analysis; metal analysis using various atomic absorption and emission spectrometric methods; and the instrumental principles of common chromatographic and electrochemical methods An introduction to advanced analytical techniques, including various hyphenated mass spectrometries and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy With real-life case studies that illustrate the principles plus problems and questions at the end of each chapter to solidify understanding, this is a practical, hands-on reference for practitioners and a great textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in environmental science and engineering.

Handbook of Environmental Analysis

Handbook of Environmental Analysis
Chemical Pollutants in Air, Water, Soil, and Solid Wastes, Third Edition

by Pradyot Patnaik

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-08-23
  • Pages : 628
  • ISBN : 1498745628
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook will cover all aspects of environmental analysis and will examine the emergence of many new classes of pollutants in recent years. It will provide information on an array of topics from instrumentation, analytical techniques, and sample preparations to statistical calculations, chemical structures, and equations. It will present the tools and techniques required to measure a wide range of toxic pollutants in our environment. It will be fully revised throughout, and will add four new chapters (Microbial Analysis, Chlorophyll, Chlorine, Chloramines and Chlorine Dioxide, and Derivatization Reactions in Environmental Analysis).

Modern Environmental Analysis Techniques for Pollutants

Modern Environmental Analysis Techniques for Pollutants
A Book

by Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Rustem Kecili

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-08-20
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0128169354
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern Environmental Analysis Techniques for Pollutants presents established environmental analysis methods, rapidly emerging technologies, and potential future research directions. As methods of environmental analysis move toward lower impact, lower cost, miniaturization, automation, and simplicity, new methods emerge and ultimately improve the accuracy of their analytical results. This book gives in-depth, step-by-step descriptions of a variety of techniques, including methods used in sampling, field sample handling, sample preparation, quantification, and statistical evaluation. Modern Environmental Analysis Techniques for Pollutants aims to deliver a comprehensive and easy-to-read text for students and researchers in the environmental analysis arena and to provide essential information to consultants and regulators about analytical and quality control procedures helpful in their evaluation and decision-making procedures. Bridges the gap in current literature on analytical chemistry techniques and their application to environmental analysis Covers the use of nanomaterials in environmental analysis, as well as the monitoring and analysis of nanomaterials in the environment Looks to the past, present and future of environmental analysis, with chapters on historical background, established and emerging techniques and instrumentation, and predictions

Monitoring of Air Pollutants

Monitoring of Air Pollutants
Sampling, Sample Preparation and Analytical Techniques

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-11-29
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 0444635564
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Monitoring of Air Pollutants: Sampling, Sample Preparation and Analytical Techniques provides a comprehensive reference on air pollutant monitoring, addressing experimental approaches to sampling and sample preparation, as well as analytical technologies (instrumental methods) which are applicable to a wide range of topics. The book's purpose is to provide an in-depth resource on the monitoring of ambient air pollutants that covers the basic principles, recent developments, and important applications in the field. Current trends and recent advances are discussed, both with respect to analytical techniques and target air pollutants. All aspects of air pollutant monitoring, from sampling, to sample preparation, and analysis, are covered, making this the book of choice for consultation by air monitoring practitioners. Contains all the information needed for air pollutant monitoring from sampling, to sample preparation, to analysis Provides guidance on the best analytical approach for a target pollutant Presents the pros and cons of included techniques to enable informed decisions Includes case studies based on published practical applications

Environmental Applications of Instrumental Chemical Analysis

Environmental Applications of Instrumental Chemical Analysis
A Book

by Mahmood Barbooti

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2015-04-15
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 1482262649
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a comprehensive review of the instrumental analytical methods and their use in environmental monitoring site assessment and remediation follow-up operations. The increased concern about environmental issues such as water pollution, air pollution, accumulation of pollutants in food, global climate change, and effective remediation processes necessitate the precise determination of various types of chemicals in environmental samples. In general, all stages of environmental work start with the evaluation of organic and inorganic environmental samples. This important book furnishes the fundamentals of instrumental chemical analysis methods to various environmental applications and also covers recent developments in instrumental chemical methods. Covering a wide variety of topics in the field, the book: • Presents an introduction to environmental chemistry • Presents the fundamentals of instrumental chemical analysis methods that are used mostly in the environmental work. • Examines instrumental methods of analysis including UV/Vis, FTIR, atomic absorption, induced coupled plasma emission, electrochemical methods like potentiometry, voltametry, coulometry, and chromatographic methods such as GC and HPLC • Presents newly introduced chromatographic methodologies such as ion electrophoresis, and combinations of chromatography with pyrolysis methods are given • Discusses selected methods for the determinations of various pollutants in water, air, and land Readers will gain a general review of modern instrumental method of chemical analysis that is useful in environmental work and will learn how to select methods for analyzing certain samples. Analytical instrumentation and its underlying principles are presented, along with the types of sample for which each instrument is best suited. Some noninstrumental techniques, such as colorimetric detection tubes for gases and immnosassays, are also discussed.

Air Pollution and Freshwater Ecosystems

Air Pollution and Freshwater Ecosystems
Sampling, Analysis, and Quality Assurance

by Timothy J Sullivan,Alan T. Herlihy,James R. Webb

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-11-20
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 1482227134
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A practical book for professionals who rely on water quality data for decision making, this book is based on three decades experience of three highly published water and watershed resource professionals. It focuses on the analysis of air pollution sensitive waters and the consequent effects associated with soil and water acidification, nutrient-N enrichment, or the effects of atmospherically deposited toxic substances. It also covers lake zooplankton and/or stream macroinvertebrate biomonitors. Explanations of the reasons behind various recommendations provide readers with the tools needed to alter recommended protocols to match particular study needs and budget.

Statistical Methods for Environmental Pollution Monitoring

Statistical Methods for Environmental Pollution Monitoring
A Book

by Richard O. Gilbert

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1987-02-15
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780471288787
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses a broad range of statistical design and analysis methods that are particularly well suited to pollution data. It explains key statistical techniques in easy-to-comprehend terms and uses practical examples, exercises, and case studies to illustrate procedures. Dr. Gilbert begins by discussing a space-time framework for sampling pollutants. He then shows how to use statistical sample survey methods to estimate average and total amounts of pollutants in the environment, and how to determine the number of field samples and measurements to collect for this purpose. Then a broad range of statistical analysis methods are described and illustrated. These include: * determining the number of samples needed to find hot spots * analyzing pollution data that are lognormally distributed * testing for trends over time or space * estimating the magnitude of trends * comparing pollution data from two or more populations New areas discussed in this sourcebook include statistical techniques for data that are correlated, reported as less than the measurement detection limit, or obtained from field-composited samples. Nonparametric statistical analysis methods are emphasized since parametric procedures are often not appropriate for pollution data. This book also provides an illustrated comprehensive computer code for nonparametric trend detection and estimation analyses as well as nineteen statistical tables to permit easy application of the discussed statistical techniques. In addition, many publications are cited that deal with the design of pollution studies and the statistical analysis of pollution data. This sourcebook will be a useful tool for applied statisticians, ecologists, radioecologists, hydrologists, biologists, environmental engineers, and other professionals who deal with the collection, analysis, and interpretation of pollution in air, water, and soil.

Sampling and Analysis of Airborne Pollutants

Sampling and Analysis of Airborne Pollutants
A Book

by Eric D. Winegar,Lawrence H. Keith

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1993-02-18
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 9780873716062
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sampling and Analysis of Airborne Pollutants is a compilation of recent work addressing air pollution and the measurement of airborne compounds conducted by leading environmental scientists. Themes ranging from electro-optical remote sensing to new directions in sampling techniques are represented, and topics covered include innovative sampling methods, visibility research in national parks, analysis of carbonyl compounds, artifacts in aerosol sampling, methods of volatile organic compound (VOC) sampling and analysis, data interpretation of ambient VOC data, and interpretation of data from environmental tobacco smoke. Sampling and Analysis of Airborne Pollutants presents topical reference material that will be valuable to air pollution scientists, statisticians in air pollution, consultants, and analytical chemists.

Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry
A Book

by Frank M. Dunnivant

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2004-11-26
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0471660272
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive set of real-world environmental laboratoryexperiments This complete summary of laboratory work presents a richlydetailed set of classroom-tested experiments along with backgroundinformation, safety and hazard notes, a list of chemicals andsolutions needed, data collection sheets, and blank pages forcompiling results and findings. This useful resource also: Focuses on environmental, i.e., "dirty" samples Stresses critical concepts like analysis techniques anddocumentation Includes water, air, and sediment experiments Includes an interactive software package for pollutant fate andtransport modeling exercises Functions as a student portfolio of documentationabilities Offers instructors actual samples of student work fortroubleshooting, notes on each procedure, and procedures forsolutions preparation.

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants

Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants
A Book

by Gwen O'Sullivan,Court Sandau

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-11-20
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0444594515
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants represents the state-of-the-art in environmental forensics in relation to persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The book is a complete reference for practitioners and students, covering a range of topics from new analytical techniques to regulatory and legal status in the global community. Through case studies from leading international experts, real-world issues — including the allocation of responsibility for release into the environment — are resolved through the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques. This book introduces and assesses the development of new techniques and technologies to trace the source and fate of newly emerging and classic POPs (perfluoroalkyl substances, brominated flame retardants, organochlorine pesticides, perfluorinated chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls) in environmental media, including atmospheric, marine, freshwater, and urban environments. Real-world case studies show the application of advanced analytical and scientific techniques Discussion of GC*GC provides an introduction and assessment of a novel technique from leaders in the field Introduces the development of new analytical techniques (such as 2-D GC*HC and LC*LC) to trace the source and fate Raises awareness about the health and environmental impact of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Outlines the development of international measures to control POPs so that chemists can understand the legal issues

Key Concepts in Environmental Chemistry

Key Concepts in Environmental Chemistry
A Book

by Grady Hanrahan

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN : 012374993X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Key Concepts in Environmental Chemistry provides a modern and concise introduction to environmental chemistry principles and the dynamic nature of environmental systems. It offers an intense, one-semester examination of selected concepts encountered in this field of study and provides integrated tools in explaining complex chemical problems of environmental importance. Principles typically covered in more comprehensive textbooks are well integrated into general chapter topics and application areas. The goal of this textbook is to provide students with a valuable resource for learning the basic concepts of environmental chemistry from an easy to follow, condensed, application and inquiry-based perspective. Additional statistical, sampling, modeling and data analysis concepts and exercises will be introduced for greater understanding of the underlying processes of complex environmental systems and fundamental chemical principles. Each chapter will have problem-oriented exercises (with examples throughout the body of the chapter) that stress the important concepts covered and research applications/case studies from experts in the field. Research applications will be directly tied to theoretical concepts covered in the chapter. Overall, this text provides a condensed and integrated tool for student learning and covers key concepts in the rapidly developing field of environmental chemistry. Intense, one-semester approach to learning Application-based approach to learning theoretical concepts In depth analysis of field-based and in situ analytical techniques Introduction to environmental modeling

Environmental Pollution Analysis

Environmental Pollution Analysis
A Book

by P. D. Goulden

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 209
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental Geochemistry

Environmental Geochemistry
Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories

by Benedetto DeVivo,Harvey Belkin,Annamaria Lima

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-09-18
  • Pages : 644
  • ISBN : 044464007X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental Geochemistry: Site Characterization, Data Analysis and Case Histories, Second Edition, reviews the role of geochemistry in the environment and details state-of-the-art applications of these principles in the field, specifically in pollution and remediation situations. Chapters cover both philosophy and procedures, as well as applications, in an array of issues in environmental geochemistry including health problems related to environment pollution, waste disposal and data base management. This updated edition also includes illustrations of specific case histories of site characterization and remediation of brownfield sites. Covers numerous global case studies allowing readers to see principles in action Explores the environmental impacts on soils, water and air in terms of both inorganic and organic geochemistry Written by a well-respected author team, with over 100 years of experience combined Includes updated content on: urban geochemical mapping, chemical speciation, characterizing a brownsfield site and the relationship between heavy metal distributions and cancer mortality

Environmental Analytical Chemistry

Environmental Analytical Chemistry
A Book

by D. Pérez Bendito,S. Rubio

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 842
  • ISBN : 9780444822055
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Notwithstanding the vast amount of environmental analytical chemical literature available, publications dealing with environmental analytical chemistry in a general, integrated manner are rather scant. In fact, most literature on such a relevant topic appears to touch on individual aspects such as water or air pollution, applicable conventional or special equipment used with given matrices and specific pollutant groups. Most of these books are of interest to experts and only a few, if any, provide less experienced readers with a systematic, comprehensive description of environmental analytical issues. This book, which is intended to fill the gap, approaches the subject by focusing on the sample and its handling. The fourteen chapters that make up the book follow a logical sequence of sample matrices and analyte types. The first six are of paramount importance, as they lay the foundations for a basic, yet comprehensive coverage of the subject in the others. Following the required introduction to environmental chemistry, Chapters 2 to 6 deal sequentially with environmental quality assurance, quality control fundamentals and practical aspects of environmental sampling, the preconcentration of environmental samples and environmental control standards. Chapters 7 to 12 are concerned with the analytical control of inorganic and organic pollutants in air, water and soil. Finally, the last two chapters are devoted to speciation and chemometrics in environmental analysis. Each chapter presents the state-of-the-art of the environmental topic covered, and illustrates it with a wealth of practical examples. Overall, the book contains about one hundred tables, almost two hundred figures and more than 1700 references, all of which make it a pedagogical, current reference work. On the borderline between a textbook and a monograph, it is intended to be useful both as an academic text for the burgeoning number of undergraduate and postgraduate courses on the subject, as a reference book for those starting work in the environmental field and as a source of first-hand information on environmental science and its practical laboratory aspects.

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs): Analytical Techniques, Environmental Fate and Biological Effects

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs): Analytical Techniques, Environmental Fate and Biological Effects
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-03-02
  • Pages : 684
  • ISBN : 0444633006
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on those organic chemicals that are regulated by the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). as well as organic chemical with the attributes of being persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic to ecosystem and human beings, criteria used by the Stockholm Convention for screening POP candidates. Because of the unfavourable properties of POPs, numerous research efforts have been directed toward investigating their input sources, fate, and effects, with the help of continuously improving analytical technologies. The contributors to this book provide an integrated assessment of existing data, which will benefit both the scientific and management communities in planning further research projects and/or pollution control measures. Comprehensive overview of recent advances in analyzing persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Covers input sources, fate and biological effects of POPs Contains essential information for environmental management

Analytical Techniques in Environmental Chemistry

Analytical Techniques in Environmental Chemistry
Proceedings of the International Congress, Barcelona, Spain, November 1978

by J. Albaiges,O. Hutzinger,S. Safe

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-02
  • Pages : 658
  • ISBN : 1483158837
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Analytical Techniques in Environmental Chemistry contains the Proceedings of the International Congress held at Barcelona, Spain in November 1978. Separating 60 papers of the Congress as chapters, this book begins with a description of the natural and pollutant organic compounds in contemporary aquatic environments; recognition of the sources of isoprenoid alkanes in recent environments; and patterns of hydrocarbon contamination in California coastal waters. Other topics discuss include determination of trace level hydrocarbons in marine biota; recent progress in polycyclic aromatic chemistry and its significance for environmental chemistry; profiles of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in suspended particles; and chemical carcinogenesis.

Emerging Pollutants

Emerging Pollutants
Origin, Structure, and Properties

by Francisco G. Calvo-Flores,Joaquin Isac-Garcia,José A. Dobado Jiménez,Jose A. Dobado

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-03-05
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 3527338764
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An excellent, concise, and interdisciplinary overview of different classes of emerging pollutants arising, for example, from pharmaceuticals, pesticides, personal care products, and industrial chemicals and their impact on water, soil, and air. Following an introduction to chemical pollutants, with special attention focused on organic compounds and their properties, the book goes on to describe major emerging pollutants grouped according to their applications in different sectors of industrial or economic activity. For each type of compound, the chemical structure, main properties, and source are presented, along with their fate in the environment as pollutants, the latest analytical methods for detection, possible health or ecology consequences, as well as current regulatory laws. New developments, such as nanotechnology as a pollution source, are also included. The book closes with a chapter devoted to conclusions and future perspectives.

CRC Handbook of Basic Tables for Chemical Analysis

CRC Handbook of Basic Tables for Chemical Analysis
Data-Driven Methods and Interpretation

by Thomas J. Bruno,Paris D.N. Svoronos

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-07-21
  • Pages : 900
  • ISBN : 1351613146
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Researchers in chemistry, chemical engineering, pharmaceutical science, forensics, and environmental science make routine use of chemical analysis, but the information these researchers need is often scattered in different sources and difficult to access. The CRC Handbook of Basic Tables for Chemical Analysis: Data-Driven Methods and Interpretation, Fourth Edition is a one-stop reference that presents updated data in a handy format specifically designed for use when reaching a decision point in designing an analysis or interpreting results. This new edition offers expanded coverage of calibration and uncertainty, and continues to include the critical information scientists rely on to perform accurate analysis. Enhancements to the Fourth Edition: Compiles a huge array of useful and important data into a single, convenient source Explanatory text provides context for data and guidelines on applications Coalesces information from several different fields Provides information on the most useful "wet" chemistry methods as well as instrumental techniques, with an expanded discussion of laboratory safety Contains information of historical importance necessary to interpret the literature and understand current methodology. Unmatched in its coverage of the range of information scientists need in the lab, this resource will be referred to again and again by practitioners who need quick, easy access to the data that forms the basis for experimentation and analysis.