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Self-Control in Animals and People

Self-Control in Animals and People
A Book

by Michael Beran

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-08-11
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 0128125098
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Self-Control in Animals and People takes an interdisciplinary look at what self-control is, how it works, and whether humans are alone as a species in their ability to demonstrate self-control. The book outlines historical and recent empirical approaches to understanding when self-control succeeds and fails, and which species may share with humans the ability to anticipate better future outcomes. It also provides readers with in-depth explorations of whether various species can delay gratification, the ways in which people and animals exhibit other forms of self-control, what influences the capacity and expression of self-control, and much more. In addition to its comprehensive coverage of self-control research, the book also describes self-control assessment tests that can be used with young children, adults, and a wide variety of nonhuman species, with the goal of making fair and clear comparisons among the groups. This combination makes Self-Control in Animals and People a valuable resource for cognitive, developmental, and clinical psychologists, philosophers, academic students and researchers in psychology and the social sciences, and animal behaviorists. Provides a comprehensive perspective of the evolutionary emergence of self-control across species Explores different "kinds" of self-control and their links to one another, and whether self-control can be improved or strengthened Offers insight on mental time travel (chronesthesia) and how it relates to self-control Demonstrates how to develop self-control tests for human and nonhuman animals, and how to make fair and clear comparisons among those groups

The Oxford Handbook of Human Motivation

The Oxford Handbook of Human Motivation
A Book

by Richard Ryan

  • Publisher : Oxford Library of Psychology
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 0190666455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Revised edition of The Oxford handbook of human motivation, c2012.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings
A Book

by Library of Congress

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Self-control; Or, Life Without a Master

Self-control; Or, Life Without a Master
A Short Treatise on the Rights and Wrongs of Men

by Jacob Wilson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1898
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Self-Reg

Self-Reg
How to Help Your Child (and You) Break the Stress Cycle and Successfully Engage with Life

by Dr. Stuart Shanker

  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release : 2016-06-21
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0143196251
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From internationally celebrated research professor Stuart Shanker, a revolutionary new understanding of stress as the key that unlocks kids'--and parents'--most troubling behaviour. There is no such thing as a bad kid. According to world-renowned researcher Stuart Shanker, even the most frustrating, annoying or troubling behaviour has an explanation. That means there is a way to make things better. Shanker's research has shown that for every child and every adult the ability to thrive--to complete tasks, form friendships, learn, and even love--depends on being able to self-regulate. In the past twenty years neurobiological research has been showing us a lot about brain states, and what is clear now is that the ability to self-regulate in response to stress is central. There are dramatic consequences to looking at a child's behaviour through the lens of self-regulation. Above all it discards the knee-jerk reaction that a child who is having trouble paying attention, controlling his impulses, or who gives up easily on a difficult task, is somehow weak or lacks self-discipline or is not making a great enough effort to apply himself. According to Shanker, the ability to deal effectively with stress is limited, though. Like a tank of gas, our energy reserves eventually dwindle, leaving a kid--or an adult--simply unable to control his or her impulses. That is, misbehaving kids aren't choosing to be difficult. They literally can't help themselves. And what draws down our reserves? Excessive stress. Stress of all kinds, from social anxiety to an uncomfortable chair. Reduce the stress loads, and problems quickly dissipate.

The Index

The Index
A Book

by Francis Ellingwood Abbot

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1870
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Self-Regulation of the Brain and Behavior

Self-Regulation of the Brain and Behavior
A Book

by T. Elbert,B. Rockstroh,W. Lutzenberger,N. Birbaumer

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 3642693792
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With contributions by numerous experts

Self-Regulation and Ego Control

Self-Regulation and Ego Control
A Book

by Edward R. Hirt,Joshua John Clarkson,Lile Jia

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-08-08
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 012801878X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Self-Regulation and Ego Control examines the physiological effects of depletion, the effects of psychological variables in self-control depletion effects, the role of motivational and goal states on self-control depletion effects, and a number of cognitive perspectives on self-control exertion. This insightful book begins with an introduction of self-control theories, ego depletion phenomena, and experimental examples of research in self-control, and concludes by delineating more inclusive and comprehensive models of self-regulation that can account for the full spectrum of findings from current research. In recent years, researchers have had difficulty identifying the underlying resources responsible for depletion effects. Moreover, further research has identified several psychological and motivational factors that can ameliorate depletion effects. These findings have led many to question assumptions of the dominant strength model and suggest that capacity limitations alone cannot account for the observed effects of depletion. Self-Regulation and Ego Control facilitates discourse across researchers from different ideological camps and advances more integrated views of self-regulation based on this research. Covers the neuropsychological evidence for depletion effects, highlighting the roles of reward, valuation, and control in self-regulation Reviews the roles of willpower, expectancies of mental energy change, and individual differences in the modulation of self-control exertion Highlights the effects of various states such as positive mood, power, implementation intentions, mindfulness, and social rejection as moderators of depletion Provides clarification of the distinctions between self-control in the context of goal-directed behavior versus related terms like self-regulation, executive control, and inhibition Details the overlap between mental and physical depletion, and the potential interplay and substitutability of resources Challenges the view that depletion reflects capacity limitations and includes newer models that take a more motivational account of resource allocation Facilitates discourse across researchers from different ideological camps within the field. Informs and enriches future research and advances more integrated views of self-regulation

Willpower

Willpower
Rediscovering the Greatest Human Strength

by Roy F. Baumeister,John Tierney

  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release : 2011-09-01
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1101543779
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the world's most esteemed and influential psychologists, Roy F. Baumeister, teams with New York Times science writer John Tierney to reveal the secrets of self-control and how to master it. Pioneering research psychologist Roy F. Baumeister collaborates with New York Times science writer John Tierney to revolutionize our understanding of the most coveted human virtue: self-control. Drawing on cutting-edge research and the wisdom of real-life experts, Willpower shares lessons on how to focus our strength, resist temptation, and redirect our lives. It shows readers how to be realistic when setting goals, monitor their progress, and how to keep faith when they falter. By blending practical wisdom with the best of recent research science, Willpower makes it clear that whatever we seek—from happiness to good health to financial security—we won’t reach our goals without first learning to harness self-control.

Perspectives, Interrelationships of People and Animals in Society Today

Perspectives, Interrelationships of People and Animals in Society Today
Study Guide Appendices

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 195
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Self-control: Power to the Person

Self-control: Power to the Person
A Book

by Michael J. Mahoney,Carl E. Thoresen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1974
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Animals and Society

Animals and Society
An Introduction to Human-Animal Studies

by Margo DeMello

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2012-08-21
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 0231526768
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Considering that much of human society is structured through its interaction with non-human animals, and since human society relies heavily on the exploitation of animals to serve human needs, human–animal studies has become a rapidly expanding field of research, featuring a number of distinct positions, perspectives, and theories that require nuanced explanation and contextualization. The first book to provide a full overview of human–animal studies, this volume focuses on the conceptual construction of animals in American culture and the way in which it reinforces and perpetuates hierarchical human relationships rooted in racism, sexism, and class privilege. Margo DeMello considers interactions between humans and animals within the family, the law, the religious and political system, and other major social institutions, and she unpacks the different identities humans fashion for themselves and for others through animals. Essays also cover speciesism and evolutionary continuities; the role and preservation of animals in the wild; the debate over zoos and the use of animals in sports; domestication; agricultural practices such as factory farming; vivisection; animal cruelty; animal activism; the representation of animals in literature and film; and animal ethics. Sidebars highlight contemporary controversies and issues, with recommendations for additional reading, educational films, and related websites. DeMello concludes with an analysis of major philosophical positions on human social policy and the future of human–animal relations.

Self-Control and Self-Modification of Emotional Behavior

Self-Control and Self-Modification of Emotional Behavior
A Book

by Kirk R. Blankstein,Janet Polivy

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 1461592607
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Between the Species

Between the Species
Readings in Human-animal Relations

by Arnold Arluke,Clinton Sanders

  • Publisher : Allyn & Bacon
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 9780205594931
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This anthology, from the literature of sociology and other disciplines as well, examines the various roles that animals play in human societies. It covers a full spectrum of human-animal interaction: pets and companions; animals as sources of food, clothing and labor; animals in captivity; humans and wildlife; animals as research subjects; and animals as objects of recreation and sport. "Between the Species" represents many of the leading experts in this field, including the authors, who co-edit a scholarly series on animals, society, and culture.

Character Building

Character Building
Or, Principles, Precepts and Practices which Make Life a Success

by Henry Davenport Northrop

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1896
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lessons from Life (animal and Human)

Lessons from Life (animal and Human)
A Compendium of Moral Teachings Illustrated by Curious and Interesting Habits, Relations, Instincts, Peculiarities, and Ministries of Living Creatures

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1914
  • Pages : 529
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Willpower Instinct

The Willpower Instinct
How Self-Control Works, Why It Matters, and What You Can Do to Get More of It

by Kelly McGonigal

  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release : 2011-12-29
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1101553731
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on Stanford University psychologist Kelly McGonigal's wildly popular course "The Science of Willpower," The Willpower Instinct is the first book to explain the new science of self-control and how it can be harnessed to improve our health, happiness, and productivity. Informed by the latest research and combining cutting-edge insights from psychology, economics, neuroscience, and medicine, The Willpower Instinct explains exactly what willpower is, how it works, and why it matters. For example, readers will learn: Willpower is a mind-body response, not a virtue. It is a biological function that can be improved through mindfulness, exercise, nutrition, and sleep. Willpower is not an unlimited resource. Too much self-control can actually be bad for your health. Temptation and stress hijack the brain's systems of self-control, but the brain can be trained for greater willpower Guilt and shame over your setbacks lead to giving in again, but self-forgiveness and self-compassion boost self-control. Giving up control is sometimes the only way to gain self-control. Willpower failures are contagious—you can catch the desire to overspend or overeat from your friends­­—but you can also catch self-control from the right role models. In the groundbreaking tradition of Getting Things Done, The Willpower Instinct combines life-changing prescriptive advice and complementary exercises to help readers with goals ranging from losing weight to more patient parenting, less procrastination, better health, and greater productivity at work.

The Better Angels of Our Nature

The Better Angels of Our Nature
Why Violence Has Declined

by Steven Pinker

  • Publisher : Penguin Group USA
  • Release : 2012-09
  • Pages : 802
  • ISBN : 0143122010
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presents a controversial history of violence which argues that today's world is the most peaceful time in human existence, drawing on psychological insights into intrinsic values that are causing people to condemn violence as an acceptable measure.

Behavioral Medicine, Theory and Practice

Behavioral Medicine, Theory and Practice
A Book

by Ovide F. Pomerleau,John Paul Brady

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Animals as Persons

Animals as Persons
Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation

by Gary L. Francione

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2008-06-17
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0231511566
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A prominent and respected philosopher of animal rights law and ethical theory, Gary L. Francione is known for his criticism of animal welfare laws and regulations, his abolitionist theory of animal rights, and his promotion of veganism and nonviolence as the baseline principles of the abolitionist movement. In this collection, Francione advances the most radical theory of animal rights to date. Unlike Peter Singer, Francione maintains that we cannot morally justify using animals under any circumstances, and unlike Tom Regan, Francione's theory applies to all sentient beings, not only to those who have more sophisticated cognitive abilities.