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Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications

Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by J.L. Coffer

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-06-15
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 9780128213513
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications reviews the fabrication, properties and biomedical applications of this key material. Sections review basics, growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification of semiconducting. Chapters go on to focus on silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery. Finally, the book highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing. These chapters explore the fabrication and use of semiconducting silicon nanowire arrays for high-throughput screening in the biosciences, neural cell pinning on surfaces, and probe-free platforms for biosensing. This book provides a comprehensive resource for biomaterials scientists who are focused on biosensors, drug delivery and tissue engineering, but it is also ideal for researchers and developers in industry and academia who are concerned with nanoscale biomaterials, in particular electronically-responsive biomaterials. Reviews the growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification of semiconducting silicon nanowires Describes silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery Highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing

Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications

Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Jeffery L. Coffer

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-09-14
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 0323851312
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Semiconducting Silicon Nanowires for Biomedical Applications reviews the fabrication, properties and biomedical applications of this key material. Sections review basics, growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification of semiconducting. Chapters go on to focus on silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery. Finally, the book highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing. These chapters explore the fabrication and use of semiconducting silicon nanowire arrays for high-throughput screening in the biosciences, neural cell pinning on surfaces, and probe-free platforms for biosensing. This book provides a comprehensive resource for biomaterials scientists who are focused on biosensors, drug delivery and tissue engineering, but it is also ideal for researchers and developers in industry and academia who are concerned with nanoscale biomaterials, in particular electronically-responsive biomaterials. Reviews the growth, characterization, biocompatibility, and surface modification of semiconducting silicon nanowires Describes silicon nanowires for tissue engineering and delivery applications, including cellular binding and internalization, orthopedic tissue scaffolds, mediated differentiation of stem cells, and silicon nanoneedles for drug delivery Highlights the use of silicon nanowires for detection and sensing

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications

Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Hélder A. Santos

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-02-14
  • Pages : 558
  • ISBN : 0857097156
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Porous silicon has a range of properties, making it ideal for drug delivery, cancer therapy, and tissue engineering. Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications provides a comprehensive review of this emerging nanostructured and biodegradable biomaterial. Chapters in part one focus on the fundamentals and properties of porous silicon for biomedical applications, including thermal properties and stabilization, photochemical and nonthermal chemical modification, protein-modified porous silicon films, and biocompatibility of porous silicon. Part two discusses applications in bioimaging and sensing, and explores the optical properties of porous silicon materials; in vivo imaging assessment and radiolabelling of porous silicon; and nanoporous silicon biosensors for DNA sensing and for bacteria detection. Finally, part three highlights drug loading and characterization of porous silicon materials, tumor targeting and imaging, and porous silicon scaffolds for functional tissue engineering, stem cell growth, and osteodifferentiation. With its acclaimed editor and international team of expert contributors, Porous Silicon for Biomedical Applications is a technical resource and indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development, and application of porous silicon and other biomaterials, while providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in the field. Comprehensive review of porous silicon focusing on the fabrication and properties of this emerging material Specifically discusses drug delivery and orthopedic applications of porous silicon Aimed at materials researchers and scientists in the biomaterials industry – particularly those concerned with drug delivery and orthopedics

Silicon Nanomaterials Sourcebook

Silicon Nanomaterials Sourcebook
Hybrid Materials, Arrays, Networks, and Devices, Volume Two

by Klaus D. Sattler

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-07-28
  • Pages : 664
  • ISBN : 1351649590
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive tutorial guide to silicon nanomaterials spans from fundamental properties, growth mechanisms, and processing of nanosilicon to electronic device, energy conversion and storage, biomedical, and environmental applications. It also presents core knowledge with basic mathematical equations, tables, and graphs in order to provide the reader with the tools necessary to understand the latest technology developments. From low-dimensional structures, quantum dots, and nanowires to hybrid materials, arrays, networks, and biomedical applications, this Sourcebook is a complete resource for anyone working with this materials: Covers fundamental concepts, properties, methods, and practical applications. Focuses on one important type of silicon nanomaterial in every chapter. Discusses formation, properties, and applications for each material. Written in a tutorial style with basic equations and fundamentals included in an extended introduction. Highlights materials that show exceptional properties as well as strong prospects for future applications. Klaus D. Sattler is professor physics at the University of Hawaii, Honolulu, having earned his PhD at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich. He was honored with the Walter Schottky Prize from the German Physical Society, and is the editor of the sister work also published by Taylor & Francis, Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook, as well as the acclaimed multi-volume Handbook of Nanophysics.

Hydroxyapatite (HAp) for Biomedical Applications

Hydroxyapatite (HAp) for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Michael Mucalo

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-03-06
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 178242041X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydroxyapatite in the form of hydroxycarbonate apatite is the principal mineral component of bone tissue in mammals. In Bioceramics, it is classed as a bioactive material, which means bone tissue grows directly on it when placed in apposition without intervening fibrous tissue. Hydroxyapatite is hence commonly used as bone grafts, fillers and as coatings for metal implants. This important book provides an overview of the most recent research and developments involving hydroxyapatite as a key material in medicine and its application. Reviews the important properties of hydroxyapatite as a biomaterial Considers a range of specific forms of the material and their advantages Reviews a range of specific medical applications for this important material

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Shape Memory Polymers for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by L Yahia

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-03-19
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 0857097059
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are an emerging class of smart polymers which give scientists the ability to process the material into a permanent state and predefine a second temporary state which can be triggered by different stimuli. The changing chemistries of SMPs allows scientists to tailor important properties such as strength, stiffness, elasticity and expansion rate. Consequently SMPs are being increasingly used and developed for minimally invasive applications where the material can expand and develop post insertion. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of shape memory polymer technologies. Part 1 will discuss the fundamentals and mechanical aspects of SMPs. Chapters in part 2 will look at the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation whilst the final set of chapters will review applications. Reviews the fundamentals of shape memory polymers with chapters focussing on the basic principles of the materials Comprehensive coverage of design and mechanical aspects of SMPs Expert analysis of the range of technologies and materials available for scientific manipulation

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications
A Book

by Niklaus Baltzer,Thierry Copponnex

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-05-07
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 0857099051
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Precious metals and semi-precious metals are used for an increasing number of medical applications due to the properties of these metals and their alloys. Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications reviews the properties of precious metals and their resulting applications in medicine. Part one outlines the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, discussing their useful properties, such as biocompatibility and corrosion resistance. Part two goes on to provide an overview of the applications of precious metals in biomedicine, including dental, therapeutic, tissue engineering, and bioimaging applications. It discusses the advantages of the structure and properties of precious metals for these applications. Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications is a key reference for material scientists and academics concerned with the properties and uses of these metals. Provides a useful review of this group of materials’ unique properties and applications Examines the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, before looking at a wide range of applications of precious metals in medicine

Biophotonics for Medical Applications

Biophotonics for Medical Applications
A Book

by Igor Meglinski

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-06-29
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 0857096745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biophotonics for Medical Applications presents information on the interface between laser optics and cell biology/medicine. The book discusses the development and application of photonic techniques that aid the diagnosis and therapeutics of biological tissues in both healthy and diseased states. Chapters cover the fundamental technologies used in biophotonics and a wide range of therapeutic and diagnostic applications. Presents information on the interface between laser optics and cell biology/medicine Discusses the development and application of photonic techniques which aid the diagnosis and therapeutics of biological tissues in both healthy and diseased states Presents the fundamental technologies used in biophotonics and a wide range of therapeutic and diagnostic applications

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications

Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications
A Book

by Laura Poole-Warren,Penny Martens,Rylie Green

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-11-23
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 1782421130
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biosynthetic Polymers for Medical Applications provides the latest information on biopolymers, the polymers that have been produced from living organisms and are biodegradable in nature. These advanced materials are becoming increasingly important for medical applications due to their favorable properties, such as degradability and biocompatibility. This important book provides readers with a thorough review of the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers and their applications. Part One covers the fundamentals of biosynthetic polymers for medical applications, while Part Two explores biosynthetic polymer coatings and surface modification. Subsequent sections discuss biosynthetic polymers for tissue engineering applications and how to conduct polymers for medical applications. Comprehensively covers all major medical applications of biosynthetic polymers Provides an overview of non-degradable and biodegradable biosynthetic polymers and their medical uses Presents a specific focus on coatings and surface modifications, biosynthetic hydrogels, particulate systems for gene and drug delivery, and conjugated conducting polymers

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications
A Book

by Lígia Rodrigues,Manuel Mota

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-24
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 0081007469
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians

Biomaterials and Medical Device - Associated Infections

Biomaterials and Medical Device - Associated Infections
A Book

by L Barnes,Ian Cooper

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-11-21
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 0857097229
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Despite advances in materials and sterilisation, patients who receive biomaterials of medical device implants are still at risk of developing an infection around the implantation site. This book reviews the fundamentals of biomaterials and medical device related infections and methods and materials for the treatment and prevention of infection. The first part of the book provides readers with an introduction to the topic including analyses of biofilms, diagnosis and treatment of infection, pathology and topography. The second part of the book discusses a range of established and novel technologies and materials which have been designed to prevent infection. Provides analysis of biofilms and their relevance to implant associated infections. Assesses technologies for controlling biofilms. Considers advantages and disadvantages of in vivo infection studies.

Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling
The Application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping Techniques in Medicine

by Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-12-13
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 1782423133
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers

Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers
Materials and Properties

by Xiang Cheng Zhang

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-22
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 0081003935
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry

Medical Devices

Medical Devices
Regulations, Standards and Practices

by Seeram Ramakrishna,Lingling Tian,Charlene Wang,Susan Liao,Wee Eong Teo

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-08-18
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0081002912
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Medical Devices and Regulations: Standards and Practices will shed light on the importance of regulations and standards among all stakeholders, bioengineering designers, biomaterial scientists and researchers to enable development of future medical devices. Based on the authors’ practical experience, this book provides a concise, practical guide on key issues and processes in developing new medical devices to meet international regulatory requirements and standards. Provides readers with a global perspective on medical device regulations Concise and comprehensive information on how to design medical devices to ensure they meet regulations and standards Includes a useful case study demonstrating the design and approval process

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices

Modelling Degradation of Bioresorbable Polymeric Medical Devices
A Book

by J Pan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-10-24
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1782420258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of bioresorbable polymers in stents, fixation devices and tissue engineering is revolutionising medicine. Both industry and academic researchers are interested in using computer modelling to replace some experiments which are costly and time consuming. This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of modelling polymers and polymeric medical devices as an alternative to practical experiments. Chapters in part one provide readers with an overview of the fundamentals of biodegradation. Part two looks at a wide range of degradation theories for bioresorbable polymers and devices. The final set of chapters look at advances in modelling biodegradation of bioresorbable polymers. This book is an essential guide to those concerned with replacing tests and experiments with modelling. Provides a comprehensive mathematical framework for computer modelling of polymers and polymeric medical devices that can significantly reduce the number of experiments needed. Reviews the fundamental methods of modelling degradation, and applies these to particular materials including amorphous bioresorbable polyesters, semicrystalline biodegradable polyesters, and composite materials made of biodegradable polyesters and triclcium phosphates

Regenerative Engineering of Musculoskeletal Tissues and Interfaces

Regenerative Engineering of Musculoskeletal Tissues and Interfaces
A Book

by Syam Nukavarapu,Joseph Freeman,Cato Laurencin

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2015-04-24
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 1782423141
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues is generating substantial interest within the biomedical community. Consequently, these are the most researched tissues from the regeneration point of view. Regenerative Engineering of Musculoskeletal Tissues and Interfaces presents information on the fundamentals, progress and recent developments related to the repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal tissues and interfaces. This comprehensive review looks at individual tissues as well as tissue interfaces. Early chapters cover various fundamentals of biomaterials and scaffolds, types of cells, growth factors, and mechanical forces, moving on to discuss tissue-engineering strategies for bone, tendon, ligament, cartilage, meniscus, and muscle, as well as progress and advances in tissue vascularization and nerve innervation of the individual tissues. Final chapters present information on musculoskeletal tissue interfaces. Comprehensive review of the repair and regeneration of musculoskeletal individual tissues and tissue interfaces Presents recent developments, fundamentals and progress in the field of engineering tissues Reviews progress and advances in tissue vascularization and innervation

Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials

Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials
Techniques and Applications

by Rui Vilar

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-04-15
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 0081009429
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laser Surface Modification of Biomaterials: Techniques and Applications covers this expanding field, which has many potential applications, including biomaterials. Laser surface modification of biomaterials enables the production of hybrid materials with different functionality in the bulk as well as the thin, sub-micrometer surface layer. This book will provide readers with a comprehensive review of the technology and its applications. Chapters in Part 1 look at the techniques and considerations of laser surface modification, while Part 2 reviews laser surface modification techniques of the most important classes of biomaterials, with a final set of chapters discussing application specific laser surface modification. Offers a comprehensive review of laser surface modification techniques Presents recent developments, fundamentals, and progress in laser surface modification Reviews laser surface modification applications across a range of materials Emphasizes applications in biomaterials

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 1

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 1
Fundamentals

by Jessica Amber Jennings,Joel David Bumgardner

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-26
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0081002572
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chitosan Based Biomaterials: Fundamentals, Volume 1, provides the latest information on chitosan, a natural polymer derived from the marine material chitin. Chitosan displays unique properties, most notably biocompatibility and biodegradability. It can also be easily tuned to modify its structure or properties, making chitosan an excellent candidate as a biomaterial. Consequently, chitosan is being developed for many biomedical functions, ranging from tissue engineering and implant coatings to drug and gene delivery. This book looks at the fundamentals of chitosan-based biomaterials. Contains specific focus on the techniques and technologies needed to develop chitosan for biomedical applications Presents a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals Provides contributions from leading researchers with extensive experience in chitosan

Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials

Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials
A Book

by Stuart L. Cooper,Jianjun Guan

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-01-23
  • Pages : 718
  • ISBN : 0081006225
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials brings together a thorough review of advances in the properties and applications of polyurethanes for biomedical applications. The first set of chapters in the book provides an important overview of the fundamentals of this material with chapters on properties and processing methods for polyurethane. Further sections cover significant uses such as their tissue engineering and vascular and drug delivery applications Written by an international team of leading authors, the book is a comprehensive and essential reference on this important biomaterial. Brings together in-depth coverage of an important material, essential for many advanced biomedical applications Connects the fundamentals of polyurethanes with state-of-the-art analysis of significant new applications, including tissue engineering and drug delivery Written by a team of highly knowledgeable authors with a range of professional and academic experience, overseen by an editor who is a leading expert in the field

Nanocomposites for Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration

Nanocomposites for Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration
A Book

by Huinan Liu

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-02-23
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 178242475X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanocomposites for Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration discusses the advanced biomaterials scientists are exploring for use as tools to mimic the structure of musculoskeletal tissues. Bone and other musculoskeletal tissues naturally have a nanocomposite structure, therefore nanocomposites are ideally suited as a material for replacing and regenerating these natural tissues. In addition, biological properties such as biointegration and the ability to tailor and dope the materials make them highly desirable for musculoskeletal tissue regeneration. Provides a comprehensive discussion on the design and advancements made in the use of nanocomposites for musculoskeletal tissue regeneration Presents an In-depth coverage of material properties Includes discussions on polymers, ceramics, and glass