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Sensitivity Analysis in Earth Observation Modelling

Sensitivity Analysis in Earth Observation Modelling
A Book

by George Petropoulos,Prashant K. Srivastava

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-10-17
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 9780128030110
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sensitivity Analysis in Earth Observation Modeling highlights the state-of-the-art in ongoing research investigations and new applications of sensitivity analysis in earth observation modeling. In this framework, original works concerned with the development or exploitation of diverse methods applied to different types of earth observation data or earth observation-based modeling approaches are included. An overview of sensitivity analysis methods and principles is provided first, followed by examples of applications and case studies of different sensitivity/uncertainty analysis implementation methods, covering the full spectrum of sensitivity analysis techniques, including operational products. Finally, the book outlines challenges and future prospects for implementation in earth observation modeling. Information provided in this book is of practical value to readers looking to understand the principles of sensitivity analysis in earth observation modeling, the level of scientific maturity in the field, and where the main limitations or challenges are in terms of improving our ability to implement such approaches in a wide range of applications. Readers will also be informed on the implementation of sensitivity/uncertainty analysis on operational products available at present, on global and continental scales. All of this information is vital in the selection process of the most appropriate sensitivity analysis method to implement. Outlines challenges and future prospects of sensitivity analysis implementation in earth observation modeling Provides readers with a roadmap for directing future efforts Includes case studies with applications from different regions around the globe, helping readers to explore strengths and weaknesses of the different methods in earth observation modeling Presents a step-by-step guide, providing the principles of each method followed by the application of variants, making the reference easy to use and follow

Sensitivity Analysis in Earth Observation Modelling

Sensitivity Analysis in Earth Observation Modelling
A Book

by George Petropoulos,Prashant K Srivastava

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-10-07
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0128030313
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sensitivity Analysis in Earth Observation Modeling highlights the state-of-the-art in ongoing research investigations and new applications of sensitivity analysis in earth observation modeling. In this framework, original works concerned with the development or exploitation of diverse methods applied to different types of earth observation data or earth observation-based modeling approaches are included. An overview of sensitivity analysis methods and principles is provided first, followed by examples of applications and case studies of different sensitivity/uncertainty analysis implementation methods, covering the full spectrum of sensitivity analysis techniques, including operational products. Finally, the book outlines challenges and future prospects for implementation in earth observation modeling. Information provided in this book is of practical value to readers looking to understand the principles of sensitivity analysis in earth observation modeling, the level of scientific maturity in the field, and where the main limitations or challenges are in terms of improving our ability to implement such approaches in a wide range of applications. Readers will also be informed on the implementation of sensitivity/uncertainty analysis on operational products available at present, on global and continental scales. All of this information is vital in the selection process of the most appropriate sensitivity analysis method to implement. Outlines challenges and future prospects of sensitivity analysis implementation in earth observation modeling Provides readers with a roadmap for directing future efforts Includes case studies with applications from different regions around the globe, helping readers to explore strengths and weaknesses of the different methods in earth observation modeling Presents a step-by-step guide, providing the principles of each method followed by the application of variants, making the reference easy to use and follow

Radar Scattering and Imaging of Rough Surfaces

Radar Scattering and Imaging of Rough Surfaces
Modeling and Applications with MATLAB®

by Kun-Shan Chen

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-11-19
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 1351011561
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Radar scattering and imaging of rough surfaces is an active interdisciplinary area of research with many practical applications in fields such as mineral and resource exploration, ocean and physical oceanography, military and national defense, planetary exploration, city planning and land use, environmental science, and many more. By focusing on the most advanced analytical and numerical modeling and describing both forward and inverse modeling, Radar Scattering and Imaging of Rough Surfaces: Modeling and Applications with MATLAB® connects the scattering process to imaging techniques by vivid examples through numerical and experimental demonstrations and provides computer codes and practical uses. This book is unique in its simultaneous treatment of radar scattering and imaging. Key Features Bridges physical modeling with simulation for resolving radar imaging problems (the first comprehensive work to do so) Provides excellent basic and advanced information for microwave remote-sensing professionals in various fields of science and engineering Covers most advanced analytical and numerical modeling for both backscattering and bistatic scattering Includes MATLAB® codes useful not only for academics but also for radar engineers and scientists to develop tools applicable in different areas of earth studies Covering both the theoretical and the practical, Radar Scattering and Imaging of Rough Surfaces: Modeling and Applications with MATLAB® is an invaluable resource for professionals and students using remote sensing to study and explain the Earth and its processes. University and research institutes, electrical and radar engineers, remote-sensing image users, application software developers, students, and academics alike will benefit from this book. The author, Kun-Shan Chen, is an internationally known and respected engineer and scientist and an expert in the field of electromagnetic modeling.

Satellite-Based Earth Observation

Satellite-Based Earth Observation
Trends and Challenges for Economy and Society

by Christian Brünner,Georg Königsberger,Hannes Mayer,Anita Rinner

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-09-11
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 331974805X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book focuses on the topic of trends and challenges with regards to satellite-based earth observation. Contributors include legal experts in the field and representatives from institutions such as the European Space Agency, the European Space Policy Institute, academia and the private sector.

Artificial Neural Networks for Engineering Applications

Artificial Neural Networks for Engineering Applications
A Book

by Alma Y. Alanis,Nancy Arana-Daniel,Carlos Lopez-Franco

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-03-15
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0128182474
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Artificial Neural Networks for Engineering Applications presents current trends for the solution of complex engineering problems that cannot be solved through conventional methods. The proposed methodologies can be applied to modeling, pattern recognition, classification, forecasting, estimation, and more. Readers will find different methodologies to solve various problems, including complex nonlinear systems, cellular computational networks, waste water treatment, attack detection on cyber-physical systems, control of UAVs, biomechanical and biomedical systems, time series forecasting, biofuels, and more. Besides the real-time implementations, the book contains all the theory required to use the proposed methodologies for different applications. Presents the current trends for the solution of complex engineering problems that cannot be solved through conventional methods Includes real-life scenarios where a wide range of artificial neural network architectures can be used to solve the problems encountered in engineering Contains all the theory required to use the proposed methodologies for different applications

The Oxford Handbook of Food, Water and Society

The Oxford Handbook of Food, Water and Society
A Book

by Tony Allan,Brendan Bromwich,Martin Keulertz,Anthony Colman

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2019-09-27
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 0190881186
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Food, water and society: what is managed by whom, and with what impacts? Our food supply chains are at risk. Water resources--sometimes scarce, often damaged, and always under-valued--are among the major reasons why food and water security rank high every year in the World Economic Forum's major global risk analysis. A stable and sustainable food system is critical to society's survival. This Handbook shows that keeping the food system stable comes at the expense of the environment, especially of water resources and those who consume and manage them. The way the food system operates reflects hard political realities. Rather than pay for the environmental costs of sustainable production, society expects food at ever lower prices. Governments reflect their electorates in this regard. Given that farm production may account for as little as 10% of the food value chain in wealthy economies, it is striking that governments have been unwilling (or unable) to put in place the essential laws and accountability that would enable famers to ensure both production and stewardship. Corporate food traders, food manufacturers, and retailers on the other hand operate in markets that make profits and pay taxes. But these corporations are not contractually bound to utilize highly nutritious, sustainably produced food commodities. The articles in this Oxford Handbook have been written by water and food system scientists and professionals, including farmers, rarely heard voices who understand the problems of food producers, food manufacturers, and regulating markets and public policy. The articles address the blind spots of society and its public policymakers, demonstrating the importance of informing society about the consequences of its food preferences and the heroic challenges it is beginning to face. The damage we are doing to our water and soil ecosystems is as important as the damage we do to the atmosphere. Impressed by the technical and organizational advances of the past two centuries, the contributors featured in this book also take note of where economic inefficiencies and cultural deadlock in a 4,000 year old system are putting our critical food supply chains at risk.

Environmental Energy Sustainability at Universities

Environmental Energy Sustainability at Universities
A Book

by Alberto Jesús Perea Moreno,Francisco G. Montoya

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-01-06
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 3039437658
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of renewable energies and energy saving and efficiency are needs of global society and universities. Universities have a large responsibility and social impact, as they are an example and engine of social change. Universities, in the European context, must be at the forefront of ESA processes, seeking to be at the same level as, and preferably higher than, the rest of society, seeking a goal of 20% renewable energy for 2020 and, in the longer term, greater energy efficiency based on a diverse use of renewable energy and studying the feasibility of other energy processes (cogeneration, trigeneration, etc.). The application of renewable energies and energy efficiency allow universities to make significant savings in their costs and contribute to sustainable development and the fight against climate change. Actions in pursuit of these goals in addition to the objective of energy saving should promote research and form an example for the university community. This book aims to advance the contribution of energy saving and the use of renewable energies in order to achieve more sustainable universities.

Volcanic Plumes

Volcanic Plumes
Impacts on the Atmosphere and Insights into Volcanic Processes

by Pasquale Sellitto,Giuseppe Salerno,Andrew McGonigle

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-03-21
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 3038976288
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volcanoes release plumes of gas and ash to the atmosphere during episodes of passive and explosive behavior. These ejecta have important implications for the chemistry and composition of the troposphere and stratosphere, with the capacity to alter Earth's radiation budget and climate system over a range of temporal and spatial scales. Volcanogenic sulphur dioxide reacts to form sulphate aerosols, which increase global albedo, e.g., by reducing surface temperatures, in addition to perturbing the formation processes and optical properties of clouds. Released halogen species can also deplete stratospheric and tropospheric ozone. Volcanic degassing, furthermore, played a key role in the formation of Earth’s atmosphere, and volcanic plumes can affect air quality, pose hazards to aviation and human health, as well as damage ecosystems. The chemical compositions and emission rates of volcanic plumes are also monitored via a range of direct-sampling and remote-sensing instrumentation, in order to gain insights into subterranean processes, in the respect of the magmatic bodies these volatiles exsolve from. Given the significant role these gases play in driving volcanic activity, e.g., via pressurisation, the study of volcanic plumes is proving to be an increasingly fruitful means of improving our understanding of volcanic systems, potentially in concert with observations from geophysics and contributions from fluid dynamical modelling of conduit dynamics. This Special Issue is aimed at presenting the state of the art of the multidisciplinary science concerning all aspects of volcanic plumes, of relevance to the volcanology, climatology, atmospheric science, and remote sensing communities.

Integrating Qualitative and Social Science Factors in Archaeological Modelling

Integrating Qualitative and Social Science Factors in Archaeological Modelling
A Book

by Mehdi Saqalli,Marc Vander Linden

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-04
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 3030127230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the methodological, epistemological and practical issues of integrating qualitative and socio-anthropological factors into archaeological modeling. This text fills the gap between conceptual modeling (which usually relies on narratives describing the life of a past community) and formalized/computer-based modeling which are usually environmentally-determined. Methods combining both environmental and social issues through niche and agent-based modeling are presented. These methods help to translate data from paleo-environmental and archaeological society life cycles (such as climate and landscape changes) into the local spatial scale. The epistemological discussions will appeal to readers as well as the resilience socio-anthropological factors provide facing climatic fluctuations. Integrating Qualitative and Social Science Factors in Archaeological Modelling will appeal to students and researchers in the field.

Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses, Volume 1

Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses, Volume 1
Proceedings of the 2018 European Rock Mechanics Symposium

by Vladimir Litvinenko

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-05-20
  • Pages : 960
  • ISBN : 0429867719
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is Volume 1 of the EUROCK 2018 proceedings. Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses contains contributions presented at EUROCK 2018, the 2018 International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM 2018, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 22-26 May 2018). Dedicated to recent advances and achievements in the fields of geomechanics and geotechnology, the main topics of the book include: - Physical and mechanical properties of fractured rock (laboratory testing and rock properties, field measurements and site investigations) - Geophysics in rock mechanics - Rock mass strength and failure - Nonlinear problems in rock mechanics - Effect of joint water on the behavior of rock foundation - Numerical modeling and back analysis - Mineral resources development: methods and rock mechanics problems - Rock mechanics and underground construction in mining, hydropower industry and civil engineering - Rock mechanics in petroleum engineering - Geodynamics and monitoring of rock mass behavior - Risks and hazards - Geomechanics of technogenic deposits Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses will be of interest to researchers and professionals involved in the various branches of rock mechanics and rock engineering. EUROCK 2018, organized by the Saint Petersburg Mining University, is a continuation of the successful series of ISRM symposia in Europe, which began in 1992 in Chester, UK.

Hyperspectral Remote Sensing

Hyperspectral Remote Sensing
Theory and Applications

by Prem Chandra Pandey,Prashant K. Srivastava,Heiko Balzter,Bimal Bhattacharya,George P. Petropoulos

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-08-05
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0081028954
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hyperspectral Remote Sensing: Theory and Applications offers the latest information on the techniques, advances and wide-ranging applications of hyperspectral remote sensing, such as forestry, agriculture, water resources, soil and geology, among others. The book also presents hyperspectral data integration with other sources, such as LiDAR, Multi-spectral data, and other remote sensing techniques. Researchers who use this resource will be able to understand and implement the technology and data in their respective fields. As such, it is a valuable reference for researchers and data analysts in remote sensing and Earth Observation fields and those in ecology, agriculture, hydrology and geology. Includes the theory of hyperspectral remote sensing, along with techniques and applications across a variety of disciplines Presents the processing, methods and techniques utilized for hyperspectral remote sensing and in-situ data collection Provides an overview of the state-of-the-art, including algorithms, techniques and case studies

Advanced Applications in Remote Sensing of Agricultural Crops and Natural Vegetation

Advanced Applications in Remote Sensing of Agricultural Crops and Natural Vegetation
A Book

by Prasad S. Thenkabail,John G. Lyon,Alfredo Huete

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-12-07
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN : 0429775164
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by leading global experts, including pioneers in the field, the four-volume set on Hyperspectral Remote Sensing of Vegetation, Second Edition, reviews existing state-of-the-art knowledge, highlights advances made in different areas, and provides guidance for the appropriate use of hyperspectral data in the study and management of agricultural crops and natural vegetation. Volume IV, Advanced Applications in Remote Sensing of Agricultural Crops and Natural Vegetation discusses the use of hyperspectral or imaging spectroscopy data in numerous specific and advanced applications, such as forest management, precision farming, managing invasive species, and local to global land cover change detection. It emphasizes the importance of hyperspectral remote sensing tools for studying vegetation processes and functions as well as the appropriate use of hyperspectral data for vegetation management practices. The concluding chapter provides readers with useful guidance on the highlights and essence of Volume IV through the editors’ perspective. Key Features of Volume IV: Guides readers to harness the capabilities of the most recent advances in applying hyperspectral remote sensing technology to the study of terrestrial vegetation. Includes specific applications on agriculture, crop management practices, study of crop stress and diseases, crop characteristics based on inputs (e.g., nitrogen, irrigation), study of vegetation impacted by heavy metals, gross and net primary productivity studies, light use efficiency studies, crop water use and actual evapotranspiration studies, phenology monitoring, land use and land cover studies, global change studies, plant species detection, wetland and forest characterization and mapping, crop productivity and crop water productivity mapping, and modeling. Encompasses hyperspectral or imaging spectroscopy data in narrow wavebands used across visible, red-edge, near-infrared, far-infrared, shortwave infrared, and thermal portions of the spectrum. Explains the implementation of hyperspectral remote sensing data processing mechanisms in a standard, fast, and efficient manner for their applications. Discusses cloud computing to overcome hyperspectral remote sensing massive big data challenges. Provides hyperspectral analysis of rocky surfaces on the earth and other planetary systems.

Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses

Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses
Proceedings of the 2018 European Rock Mechanics Symposium

by Vladimir Litvinenko

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-05-15
  • Pages : 1670
  • ISBN : 0429868596
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses contains contributions presented at EUROCK 2018, the 2018 International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM 2018, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 22-26 May 2018). Dedicated to recent advances and achievements in the fields of geomechanics and geotechnology, the main topics of the book include: - Physical and mechanical properties of fractured rock (laboratory testing and rock properties, field measurements and site investigations) - Geophysics in rock mechanics - Rock mass strength and failure - Nonlinear problems in rock mechanics - Effect of joint water on the behavior of rock foundation - Numerical modeling and back analysis - Mineral resources development: methods and rock mechanics problems - Rock mechanics and underground construction in mining, hydropower industry and civil engineering - Rock mechanics in petroleum engineering - Geodynamics and monitoring of rock mass behavior - Risks and hazards - Geomechanics of technogenic deposits Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses will be of interest to researchers and professionals involved in the various branches of rock mechanics and rock engineering. EUROCK 2018, organized by the Saint Petersburg Mining University, is a continuation of the successful series of ISRM symposia in Europe, which began in 1992 in Chester, UK.

Impact of Farmland Abandonment on Water Resources and Soil Conservation

Impact of Farmland Abandonment on Water Resources and Soil Conservation
A Book

by Noemí Lana-Renault,Estela Nadal Romero,Erik Cammeraat ,José Ángel Llorente

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-12-29
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 3039366114
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Farmland abandonment is one of the major land use changes occurring in many rural territories, especially in mountainous regions. Without intervention (passive land management), farmland abandonment leads to an expansion of shrubs and forest on formerly cultivated hillslopes and grazing areas. All these land use changes affect the hydrological and geomorphological dynamics of slopes and channels, having important implications for water resources and soil conservation. However, the heterogeneity of abandoned scenarios complicates the assessment of farmland abandonment on water resources and soil conservation. In this Special Issue, we will publish papers that examine the hydrological and geomorphological consequences of farmland abandonment in one (or several) of these abandoned scenarios. Our final purpose is to help water and land managers to select the most sustainable strategy (in terms of water resources and soil conservation) for the land management of marginal rural areas.

Earth Observation for Water Resource Management in Africa

Earth Observation for Water Resource Management in Africa
A Book

by Benjamin Koetz,Zoltán Vekerdy,Massimo Menenti,Diego Fernández-Prieto

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-10-02
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 3038421537
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Earth Observation for Water Resource Management in Africa" that was published in Remote Sensing

Agricultural Water Management

Agricultural Water Management
Theories and Practices

by Prashant K. Srivastava,Manika Gupta,George Tsakiris,Nevil Quinn

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-11-18
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN : 012812363X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agricultural Water Management: Theories and Practices advances the scientific understanding, development and application of agricultural water management through an integrated approach. This book presents a collection of recent developments and applications of agricultural water management from advanced sources, such as satellite, mesoscale and climate models that are integrated with conceptual modeling systems. Users will find sections on drought, irrigation scheduling, weather forecasting, climate change, precipitation forecasting, and more. By linking these systems, this book provides the first resource to promote the synergistic and multidisciplinary activities of scientists in hydro-meteorological and agricultural sciences. As agricultural water management has gained considerable momentum in recent decades among the earth and environmental science communities as they seek solutions and an understanding of the concepts integral to agricultural water management, this book is an ideal resource for study and reference. Presents translational insights into drought, irrigation scheduling, weather forecasting, climate change and precipitation forecasting Advances the scientific understanding, development and application of agricultural water management Integrates geo-spatial techniques, agriculture, remote sensing, sustainable water resource development, applications and other diverse areas within earth and environmental, meteorological and hydrological sciences

Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental Research

Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental Research
A Book

by Prashant K. Srivastava,Saumitra Mukherjee,Manika Gupta,Tanvir Islam

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-04-25
  • Pages : 212
  • ISBN : 3319059068
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Remote Sensing Applications in Environmental Research is the basis for advanced Earth Observation (EO) datasets used in environmental monitoring and research. Now that there are a number of satellites in orbit, EO has become imperative in today’s sciences, weather and natural disaster prediction. This highly interdisciplinary reference work brings together diverse studies on remote sensing and GIS, from a theoretical background to its applications, represented through various case studies and the findings of new models. The book offers a comprehensive range of contributions by well-known scientists from around the world and opens a new window for students in presenting interdisciplinary and methodological resources on the latest research. It explores various key aspects and offers state-of-the-art research in a simplified form, describing remote sensing and GIS studies for those who are new to the field, as well as for established researchers.

Advances in Land Remote Sensing

Advances in Land Remote Sensing
System, Modeling, Inversion and Application

by Shunlin Liang

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-03-11
  • Pages : 497
  • ISBN : 9781402064500
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It collects the review papers of the 9th International Symposium on Physical Measurements and Signatures in Remote Sensing (ISPMSRS). It systematically summarizes the past achievements and identifies the frontier issues as the research agenda for the near future. It covers all aspects of land remote sensing, from sensor systems, physical modeling, inversion algorithms, to various applications.

Earth Observations and Global Change Decision Making

Earth Observations and Global Change Decision Making
A Special Bibliography

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 93
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Principles of Soilscape and Landscape Evolution

Principles of Soilscape and Landscape Evolution
A Book

by Garry Willgoose

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2018-03-01
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 1108340571
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational models are invaluable in understanding the complex effects of physical processes and environmental factors which interact to influence landform evolution of geologic time scales. This book provides a holistic guide to the construction of numerical models to explain the co-evolution of landforms, soil, vegetation and tectonics, and describes how the geomorphology observable today has been formed. It explains the science of the physical processes and the mechanics of how to solve them, providing a useful resource for graduates studying geomorphology and sedimentary and erosion processes. It also emphasises the methods for assessing the relative importance of different factors at field sites, enabling researchers to select the appropriate processes to model. Integrating a discussion of the fundamental processes with mathematical formulations, it guides the reader in understanding which processes are important and why; and creates a framework through which to study the interaction of soils, vegetation and landforms over time.