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Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry

Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-09-30
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 0444641246
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry, Volume 175, addresses this important issue by viewing major neurological and psychiatric conditions through the lens of sexual dimorphism, providing an entirely novel approach to understanding vulnerability factors, as well as potential new treatment strategies in several common neuropsychiatric disorders. The handbook comprises four major sections: (1) Introduction to sex differences in neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, (2) Description of the impact of genetic, epigenetic, sex hormonal and other environmental effects on cerebral sex dimorphism, (3) Review of sex differences in neurologic disorders, and (4) Review of sex differences in psychiatric disorders. Explores sex differences in human neuroanatomy and neurophysiology Offers a pathway toward a gender-specific treatment of neurologic and psychiatric disorders Provides an overview of the genetics of sex hormones, human brain structure, and function, as well as the epigenetics, environment and social context

Neurology and Psychiatry of Women

Neurology and Psychiatry of Women
A Guide to Gender-based Issues in Evaluation, Diagnosis, and Treatment

by Mary Angela O’Neal

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-03-05
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN : 9783030042448
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive resource covers a range of women’s health issues and their intersection with neurologic and psychiatric disease. Chapters feature high quality, integrated information based on leading-edge research on gender-specific care and are grouped by reproductive years, pregnancy and health, and aging. Emerging science regarding sex differences in neurological and psychiatric illnesses, including anxiety, reproductive health, conversion disorders, depression and ethical issues in pregnancy, stroke risk factors, and successful aging strategies are covered along with clinical application of this knowledge to the delivery of care. In addition, in those medical problems that afflict both men and women, authors will point out the different risks, prevalence, presentations, and responses to treatments or outcomes in women. Written by renowned experts in the field, this textbook will thoroughly address the educational needs of physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants in the areas of neurology, psychiatry, internal medicine, and obstetrics and expanding their understanding of concerns unique to female patients.

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System
A Book

by Rebecca M. Shansky

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-09-14
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 0128021985
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System offers a comprehensive examination of the current state of sex differences research, from both the basic science and clinical research perspectives. Given the current NIH directive that funded preclinical research must consider both females and males, this topic is of interest to an increasing percentage of the neuroscience research population. The volume serves as an invaluable resource, offering coverage of a wide range of topics: sex differences in cognition, learning, and memory, sex hormone signaling mechanisms, neuroimmune interactions, epigenetics, social behavior, neurologic disease, psychological disorders, and stress. Discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations are included. Details how sex hormones have widespread effects on the nervous system and influence the way males and females function Assists readers in determining how sex impacts their research and practice, and assists in determining how to adjust research programs to incorporate sex influences Includes discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations, and at various developmental stages Features revised and updated chapters by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health

Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health
A Book

by Dora Kohen

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2010-03-18
  • Pages : 333
  • ISBN : 0199214360
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health presents a balanced understanding of different aspects of gender and mental health. Exploring issues covering psychological, social, and cultural aspects of mental health problems, this work looks at epidemiological data that shows the increased frequency of different clinical aspects of many psychiatric disorders in women, and helps readers to appreciate the societal, parental, and personal consequences of mental health problems. The online version of the Oxford Textbook of Women and Mental Health contains the full text of the print edition (which can be browsed by the contents list or searched), links from references in the text to external sources (via PubMed, ISI, and CrossRef), and all figures and illustrations from the print edition, downloadable into PowerPoint.

Pediatric Gender Assignment

Pediatric Gender Assignment
A Critical Reappraisal

by Stephen A. Zderic,Douglas A. Canning,Michael C. Carr,Howard McC. Snyder III

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003-01-31
  • Pages : 309
  • ISBN : 9780306467592
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book represents the proceedings from a conference that took place in Dallas in the spring of 1999 which was entitled "Pediatric Gender Assignment - A Critical Reappraisal". Some participants rightfully argued that the conference really focused on the issue of pediatric gender assignment, and that reassignment was not applied in most cases. Their comments were reflected in the title of this monograph. This multidisciplinary meeting was sponsored by a conference grant from the National Institutes of Health, and a broad inquiry into this complex topic took place from many points of view. Basic scientists offered insight into mechanisms of sexual differentiation of the gonads, physical phenotype and imprinting of the central nervous system. Endocrinologists reviewed their experience in diagnosis and management, surgeons described traditional as well as innovative approaches, and there was strong representation from the ethical and behavioral sciences. In putting together such a panel, it was essential that we identify a cast of speakers who could address their viewpoints with strong convictions, and yet not let their passions render the meeting counter productive. We were not disappointed. While many differing points of view were firmly expressed by the panelists and audience, all viewpoints were accorded the respect they deserved. The concept behind the meeting and this book really originated in 1997 shortly after Diamond and Sigmundson published their long term follow up study of the John/Joan case.

From Sex Differences in Neuroscience to a Neuroscience of Sex Differences: New Directions and Perspectives

From Sex Differences in Neuroscience to a Neuroscience of Sex Differences: New Directions and Perspectives

by Belinda Pletzer

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889196895
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This research topic aims to integrate scattered findings on sex differences in neuroscience into a broader theory of how the human brain is shaped by sex and sex hormones in order to cause the great variety of sex differences that are commonly observed. It can be assumed that these differences didn’t occur arbitrarily, but that they rather determined and still determine evolutionary success of individuals and were shaped by the processes of natural and in particular sexual selection. Therefore, sex differences are not negligible and sex difference research cannot be discriminating against one sex or the other. In fact a better understanding of the underlying causes of sex differences has great advantages for both men and women and society as a whole, not only in terms of health care, but in every aspect of life. Gender equality can only work out if it is equally well understood for men and women what their individual resources and needs are. Therefore, it is of great importance to pave the way for identifying the underlying principles of structural and functional brain organization that cause men and women to act, think and feel differently. To this end it is of particular interest to identify possible similarities and interrelations between sex differences that did so far stand separately, in order to investigate whether they share a common source. To understand, where a specific sex difference comes from and whether or not it is caused by the same principle as other sex differences, it is necessary to explicitly link sex differences in behavior to their neuronal correlates and vice versa link sex differences in brain structure and function to their behavioral outcomes. In particular a new understanding of male and female brain functioning may arise from findings on how sex hormones interact with various neurotransmitter systems. In the past few years several findings demonstrated that women’s behavior is influenced by the sex hormone fluctuations they experience naturally during their menstrual cycle to the extent that sex differences may only be detectable in one cycle phase but not another. The study of menstrual cycle dependent effects gives important hints about which sex differences are activational and which are organizational. Additionally it only recently came to attention, that hormonal contraception may alter a women’s mood, cognition and behavior as a consequence of changes in brain structure and function. The underlying mechanisms are so poorly understood that it is even hard to predict, whether hormonal contraception will mask or amplify sex differences in a given task. Since the oral hormonal contraceptive pill is meanwhile used by 100 million women worldwide and even by teenagers whose brains are not yet fully developed, the question of how the synthetic steroids contained in hormonal contraceptives act on the brain is to be studied hand in hand with naturally occurring sex differences. This topic summarizes the current state of the art in sex difference research and gives new perspectives in terms of hypothesis generation an methodology. Both are necessary to gain a complete picture of what it is that makes a brain male or female and move towards a neuroscience of sex differences.

Women's Neurology

Women's Neurology
A Book

by Mary Angela O' Neal MD

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017-05-04
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0190609923
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Part of the "What Do I Do Now?" series, Women's Neurology uses a case-based approach to cover common and important topics in the examination, investigation, and management of neurologic disorders in women. Each chapter provides a discussion of the diagnosis, key points to remember, and selected references for further reading. The book addresses a wide range of topics including reproductive health, pregnancy, and healthy aging, and is suited for physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants who practice in internal medicine, neurology, obstetrics, and gynecology. Women's Neurology is an engaging collection of thought-provoking cases which clinicians can utilize when they encounter difficult patients. The volume is also a self-assessment tool that tests the reader's ability to answer the question, "What do I do now?"

Digest of Neurology and Psychiatry

Digest of Neurology and Psychiatry
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Abstracts and reviews of selected literature in psychiatry, neurology and their allied fields." (varies slightly)

Sex Differences in the Human Brain, their underpinnings and implications

Sex Differences in the Human Brain, their underpinnings and implications
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-12-03
  • Pages : 216
  • ISBN : 9780444536310
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume of Progress in Brain Research documents recent developments and research findings in relation to sex and how the brain’s function and behavior differs from men to women. Specific areas include cerebral function, morphology and organization, sexual dimorphism, neural origins,and genetics and epigenetics, as well as potential causes/affects of stress, pain, sexual orientation and identity and other social issues such as distribution of disorders across the sexes and autism. * Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field * Highlights areas for future research * Contributions from leading authorities and industry experts

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2010-04-16
  • Pages : 1816
  • ISBN : 0080914551
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders

Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders
A Book

by Frank I. Tarazi,John A. Schetz

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-11-17
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 1592598560
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive, systematic, and advanced review of the scientific, preclinical, and clinical aspects of several major mental illnesses. The illnesses covered range from neurological disorders including Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, and Parkinson's disease, to psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorders, Tourette's syndrome and tic disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, unipolar depression, bipolar disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. For each disorder, the authors uniformly discuss its incidence and prevalence, etiology, molecular targets and mechanisms of action, brain structures and pathways, animal models, signs and symptoms, genetics, treatments, and related medical terminology.

Sex Differences in Depression

Sex Differences in Depression
A Book

by Susan Nolen-Hoeksema

  • Publisher : Stanford University Press
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 9780804716406
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Women are twice as likely as men to experience protracted sadness, apathy, low self-esteem, and other symptoms of depression. How can we account for this sex difference? Several explanations have been proposed, some dating back many years. This book critically examines the evidence for each explanation in an attempt to discover what we do and do not know about sex differences in depression. It is a landmark review of the historical, theoretical and empirical approaches to sex differences in depression. Nolen-Hoeksema presents a fresh historical review, makes theoretical criticisms and offers clear and challenging avenues for future research and practical applications.

The Female Brain

The Female Brain
A Book

by Cynthia L. Darlington,Cynthia Darlington

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2002-04-11
  • Pages : 211
  • ISBN : 9780415277228
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ironically, the organ with the greatest reason to differ between the sexes, the brain, is often viewed as the most androgynous of all. Are there differences? Almost by convention, male animals are used in laboratory experiments in neuroscience. Even in clinical drug trials in humans, females are often excluded from the early phases of testing because of the risk of pregnancy and because females tend to be inconsistent in their responses due to the influence of their hormones and the menstrual cycle. The flaw in this reasoning is enormous: These very results are often applied to females. In The Female Brain, Cynthia Darlington examines the evidence for structural and functional differences between the male and female brain in an accessible, straightforward manner, while providing substantial scientific material for the academic reader.

Endocannabinoid Regulation of Monoamines in Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders

Endocannabinoid Regulation of Monoamines in Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders
A Book

by Elisabeth J. Van Bockstaele

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-07-07
  • Pages : 337
  • ISBN : 1461479401
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The past decade has seen tremendous growth in the study of cannabinoid receptor signaling in brain. The impact and consequences of cannabinoid modulation of monoaminergic (dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin) circuits is becoming more clear. Scientists have shown significant interaction between these two systems in a variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders such as affective disorders, multiple sclerosis, and pain or pain disorders. The overarching goal of Endocannabinoid Regulation of Monoamines in Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders is to provide current information on advances in the field of endocannabinoid signaling and potential therapeutic applications with a particular emphasis on monoaminergic circuits. ​

The Founders of Child Neurology

The Founders of Child Neurology
A Book

by Stephen Ashwal

  • Publisher : Norman Publishing
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 935
  • ISBN : 9780930405267
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sex Differences in Schizophrenia

Sex Differences in Schizophrenia
A Review of the Literature

by A. Leung,Pierre Chue

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 38
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime
A Book

by Rosemary Gartner,Bill McCarthy

  • Publisher : Oxford Handbooks
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 723
  • ISBN : 0199838704
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The editors, Rosemary Gartner and Bill McCarthy, have assembled a diverse cast of criminologists, historians, legal scholars, psychologists, and sociologists from a number of countries to discuss key concepts and debates central to the field. The Handbook includes examinations of the historical and contemporary patterns of women's and men's involvement in crime; as well as biological, psychological, and social science perspectives on gender, sex, and criminal activity. Several essays discuss the ways in which sex and gender influence legal and popular reactions to crime. An important theme throughout The Handbook is the intersection of sex and gender with ethnicity, class, age, peer groups, and community as influences on crime and justice. Individual chapters investigate both conventional topics - such as domestic abuse and sexual violence - and topics that have only recently drawn the attention of scholars - such as human trafficking, honor killing, gender violence during war, state rape, and genocide.

Alcohol and the Nervous System

Alcohol and the Nervous System
A Book

by Edith V. Sullivan,Adolf Pfefferbaum

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-10-08
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 0444626220
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Alcohol is the most widely used drug in the world, yet alcoholism remains a serious addiction affecting nearly 20 million Americans. Our current understanding of alcohol's effect on brain structure and related functional damage is being revolutionized by genetic research, basic neuroscience, brain imaging science, and systematic study of cognitive, sensory, and motor abilities. Volume 125 of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology is a comprehensive, in-depth treatise of studies on alcohol and the brain covering the basic understanding of alcohol's effect on the central nervous system, the diagnosis and treatment of alcoholism, and prospect for recovery. The chapters within will be of interest to clinical neurologists, neuropsychologists, and researchers in all facets and levels of the neuroscience of alcohol and alcoholism. The first focused reference specifically on alcohol and the brain Details our current understanding of how alcohol impacts the central nervous system Covers clinical and social impact of alcohol abuse disorders and the biomedical consequences of alcohol abuse Includes section on neuroimaging of neurochemical markers and brain function

Readings in Abnormal Psychology

Readings in Abnormal Psychology
A Book

by Jill M. Hooley,John M. Neale,Gerald C. Davison

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1989-02-21
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 9780471631071
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A collection of forty-three primary sources, ranging from contributions to scholarly journals to newspaper articles and first person accounts. An indispensable supplement to any course in abnormal or clinical psychology. Articles represent current research findings in psychopathology and indicate the direction of new research. The editors provide introductory material for each article.

Lexicon of Psychiatry, Neurology, and the Neurosciences

Lexicon of Psychiatry, Neurology, and the Neurosciences
A Book

by Frank J. Ayd

  • Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 1104
  • ISBN : 9780781724685
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Now in its thoroughly updated Second Edition, Dr. Ayd's highly acclaimed Lexicon is an indispensable desk reference for anyone working in psychiatry, neurology, or the underlying basic neurosciences. It provides succinct, detailed, and easily accessible definitions for the entire range of terms currently used in these fields, including drug categories, receptors, and the sites and mechanisms affected by pharmacologic treatments. This edition reflects the most recent developments in genetics and in psychopharmacology, including new drugs and current concepts on drug-drug interactions. Dr. Ayd has added over 1,000 new terms and rewritten nearly half of the entries in the original edition. Compatibility: BlackBerry(R) OS 4.1 or Higher / iPhone/iPod Touch 2.0 or Higher /Palm OS 3.5 or higher / Palm Pre Classic / Symbian S60, 3rd edition (Nokia) / Windows Mobile(TM) Pocket PC (all versions) / Windows Mobile Smartphone / Windows 98SE/2000/ME/XP/Vista/Tablet PC