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Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton

Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton
History, Methods, and Emerging Techniques

by Alexandra R. Klales

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-05-30
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0128157682
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a comprehensive work on the theory, methods, and current issues for sexing human skeletal remains. This work provides practitioners a starting point for research and practice on sex estimation to assist with the identification and analysis of human remains. It contains a collection of the latest scientific research, using metric and morphological methods, and contains case studies, where relevant, to highlight methodological application to real cases. This volume presents a truly comprehensive representation of the current state of sex estimation while also detailing the history and how we got to this point. Divided into three main sections, this reference text first provides an introduction to the book and to sex estimation overall, including a history, practitioner preferences, and a deeper understanding of biological sex. The second section addresses the main methodological areas used to estimate sex, including metric and morphological methods, statistical applications, and software. Each chapter topic provides a review of older techniques and emphasizes the latest research and methodological improvements. Chapters are written by practicing physical anthropologists and also include their latest research on the topics, as well as relevant case studies. The third section addresses current considerations and future directions for sex estimation in forensic and bioarchaeological contexts, including DNA, secular change, and medical imaging Sex Estimation of the Human Skeleton is a one-of-a-kind resource for those involved in estimating the sex of human skeletal remains. Provides the first comprehensive text reference on sex estimation, with historical perspectives and current best practices Contains real case studies to underscore key estimation concepts Demonstrates the changing role of technology in sex estimation

THE HUMAN SKELETON IN FORENSIC MEDICINE

THE HUMAN SKELETON IN FORENSIC MEDICINE
(3rd Ed.)

by Mehmet Yasar Iscan,Maryan Steyn

  • Publisher : Charles C Thomas Publisher
  • Release : 2013-09-01
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 0398088799
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This classic in forensic anthropology has been thoroughly updated and greatly expanded for the new Third Edition. The result presents the state of the medicolegal art of investigating human skeletal remains. The third edition follows more than 25 years after the second edition. During this time, considerable changes occurred in the field and Forensic Anthropology became a distinct specialty in its own right. Included in the book are detailed discussions on crime scene investigation, including excavation techniques, time interval since death, human or animal remains, mass graves, and preparation of remains. Existing chapters, all dramatically revised, bring readers in line with the current concepts of skeletal age; determination of sex; assessment of ancestry; calculation of stature; factors of individualization; superimposition and restoration of physiognomy. There is also a section on dental analysis examining such topics as dental anatomy, nomenclature, estimation of age in subadults and adults, determination of sex and ancestry, and pathological conditions. New additions are chapters on skeletal pathology and trauma assessment. A new chapter has also been added on “Forensic Anthropology of the Living.” Although all of the sections of the book have been updated significantly, the authors have retained some sense of history to recognize the many pioneers that have shaped the discipline. The text will assist forensic anthropologists and forensic pathologists who have to analyze skeletons found in forensic contexts. This book has a global perspective in order to make it usable to practitioners across the world. Where possible, short case studies have been added to illustrate the diverse aspects of the work.

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton
A Book

by M. Anne Katzenberg,Shelley R. Saunders

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-09-23
  • Pages : 680
  • ISBN : 1118211650
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This book is virtually required reading for biological anthropologists and will be a useful, up-to-date primer on osteological analyses for a wider audience." —The Quarterly Review of Biology, March 2009 "… a comprehensive guide to the ever-changing discipline of physical anthropology… provides an in depth introduction to human skeletal biology. The structure of the book makes it easy for the reader to follow the progression of the field of human skeletal biology." —PaleoAnthropology, 2009 Issue The First Edition of Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton is the market-leading reference and textbook on the scientific analysis of human skeletal remains recovered from archaeological sites. Now, featuring scores of new or thoroughly revised content, this Second Edition provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of the topic available. Like the previous edition, this Second Edition is organized into five parts with contributing chapters written by experts in the field of human skeletal biology: Part One covers theory and application; Part Two discusses morphological analyses of bone, teeth, and age changes; Part Three reviews prehistoric health and disease; Part Four examines chemical and genetic analysis of hard tissues; and Part Five closes with coverage of quantitative methods and population studies. Each chapter includes a review of recent studies, descriptions of analytical techniques and underlying assumptions, theory, methodological advances, and speculation about future research. New or thoroughly revised content includes: Techniques in the analysis of human skeletal and dental remains Extensive coverage of new technologies, including modern morphometric techniques Advances in the field of forensic anthropology Enhanced discussion of ethical terms regarding the study of aboriginal peoples' remains where those people are no longer the dominant culture This book serves as an indispensable research guide to biological anthropologists, osteologists, paleoanthropologists, and archaeologists. Now with a stronger focus on teaching complex material to students, this revised edition provides enhanced case studies and discussions for future directions, making it an invaluable textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in biological anthropology and forensic anthropology programs.

A Model for Sex Estimation of Human Skeletal Remains Utilizing Tooth and Spacing Metrics from Canines and First Molars

A Model for Sex Estimation of Human Skeletal Remains Utilizing Tooth and Spacing Metrics from Canines and First Molars
A Book

by Tiffany B. Saul

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 49
  • ISBN : 9781303623288
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Physical anthropologists create biological profiles using skeletal remains to estimate age, sex, ancestry, and stature. Teeth are frequently present in complete and fragmentary skeletal remains and are known to display sexually dimorphic traits. The mandibular canines have been repeatedly shown to be the most sexually dimorphic teeth. This study explored combinations of dental metrics from mandibular canines, maxillary first molars, and mandibular first molars. In addition, novel measurements from canine-to-canine and molar-to-molar were incorporated into model development. Teeth from seventy-three known-sex individuals from the William M. Bass Donated Skeletal Collection were measured. Individual measurements were analyzed for symmetry and sex-related differences, and Fordisc 3.0 was used to determine the best model of combined metrics for estimating sex. These results confirmed that mandibular canines are highly sexually dimorphic. The optimum combined model used measurements of mandibular canines and identified sex of individuals as male or female with 86.2% accuracy.

FORENSIC OSTEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

FORENSIC OSTEOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
A Book of Case Studies

by Scott I. Fairgrieve

  • Publisher : Charles C Thomas Publisher
  • Release : 1999-01-01
  • Pages : 364
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This timely volume on case studies in forensic osteology with background information on how osteological analysis is applied to human/faunal remains found in legal contexts is primarily designed for students of forensic anthropology/osteology who have a background in human anatomy and/or osteology. It also will be of interest to those individuals lacking this background and who may very well want to read the book for its many case studies. Although many journals publish case reports, there are instances when a more detailed and full description of circumstances are warranted. Further, beginning students initially require a more thorough treatment of the thinking behind the application of analytical techniques; an important aspect that may not be covered in the professional literature. Based on the foregoing, the premise of this book is that each case has a unique quality and thus presents unique problems for the analyst to approach. It is important for the reader to understand the limits for forensic osteology by examining not only its successes but also its failures. This book presents this type of information. The chapters appear as follows: Forensic Osteological Analysis: An Introduction; Of Beasts and Humans: A Case of Recognition; Identification of Human Skeletal Remains: Was He a She or She a He?; Sex Determination: XX or XY from the Human Skeleton; Identification of a Missing Person Using Biomechanical and DNA Analysis: A Case Study; DISH Rats and a Rolex; Death on the Danforth; The Identification of the Remains of Don Francisco Pizarro; Clinkers on the Little Bighorn Battlefield: In Situ Investigation of Scattered Recent Cremains; The Wrong Urn: Commingling of Cremains in Mortuary Practices; Cremated Remains and Expert Testimony in a Homicide Case; An Anthropological Investigation of a Rural Homicide Scene; Forensic Osteology of Strangulation; Pathological Changes on Human Skeletal Remains: Before, During or After?; Unusual Skeletal Anomalies and Pathologies in Forensic Casework; Biker's Bones: An Avocational Syndrome; Identity Crisis: Two Case Studies -- Success and Failure in Personal Identification Determination; Mass Disasters: Comments and Discussion Regarding the Hinton Train Collision of 1986; The Role of Forensic Anthropology in Human Rights Issues; and Forensic Entomology: The Use of Insects in Death Investigations.

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton

Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton
A Book

by M. Anne Katzenberg,Shelley R. Saunders

  • Publisher : Wiley-Liss
  • Release : 2000-04-27
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fascinating changes have occurred in the analysis of human skeletal and dental remains over the past few years.

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology
An Introduction

by Natalie R. Langley,MariaTeresa A. Tersigni-Tarrant

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-09-19
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 1439898235
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The field of forensic anthropology has evolved dramatically in the past 40 years, as technological advances have led to new research initiatives and extended applications. This robust, dynamic, and international field has grown to include interdisciplinary research, continually improving methodology, and globalization of training. Reflecting the di

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology

Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology
A Book

by Elizabeth A. DiGangi,Megan K. Moore

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 0123851890
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Research Methods in Human Skeletal Biology serves as the one location readers can go to not only learn how to conduct research in general, but how research is specifically conducted within human skeletal biology. It outlines the current types of research being conducted within each sub-specialty of skeletal biology, and gives the reader the tools to set up a research project in skeletal biology. It also suggests several ideas for potential projects. Each chapter has an inclusive bibliography, which can serve as a good jumpstart for project references. Provides a step-by-step guide to conducting research in human skeletal biology Covers diverse topics (sexing, aging, stature and ancestry estimation) and new technologies (histology, medical imaging, and geometric morphometrics) Excellent accompaniment to existing forensic anthropology or osteology works

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains

Identification of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains
A Book

by Donald J. Ortner

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2003-01-06
  • Pages : 645
  • ISBN : 9780125286282
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Identicication of Pathological Conditions in Human Skeletal Remains provides an integrated and comprehensive overview of pathological conditions that affect the human skeleton. The primary objective is to assist those who conduct research on archeological skeletal remains in interpreting abnormal conditions that they might encounter in the course of their research. However, there is much that ancient skeletal remains can reveal to the modern orthopedist, pathologist, forensic anthropologist, and radiologist about the skeletal manifestations of diseases that are rarely encountered in modern medical practice. The medical historian will find information on the antiquity and early geographical distribution of many diseases. All of the major categories of disease that affect bone are reviewed on the basis of the literature on the radiology and pathology of these diseases. This review is followed by a discussion of the literature on the paleopathological cases thought to represent each of the morbid categories affecting bone. This book is based on extensive individual and collaborative research by the author and contributing authors on the known parameters of basic calcified tissue biology and modern skeletal diseases and their expression in antiquity. The monograph provides essential text and illustrative materials on bone pathology, which will improve the diagnostic ability of those interested in human dry bone pathology. It also provides time depth to our understanding of the effect of disease on past human populations. Key Features * Comprehensive review of skeletal diseases encountered in archeological human remains * More than 1100 photographs and line drawings illustrating skeletal diseases including both microscopic and gross features * Based on extensive research on skeletal paleopathology in many countries for over 35 years * Review of important theoretical issues in interpreting evidence of skeletal disease in archeological human populations

Scientific Evidence

Scientific Evidence
A Book

by Paul C. Giannelli

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Canadian Society of Forensic Science journal

Canadian Society of Forensic Science journal
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Changing Patterns of Social Organization

Changing Patterns of Social Organization
The Late and Terminal Classic Communities at San Lorenzo, Cayo District, Belize

by Jason Yaeger

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 2744
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human Skeletal Remains from Mahadaha

Human Skeletal Remains from Mahadaha
A Gangetic Mesolithic Site

by Kenneth A. R. Kennedy

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology

A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology
A Book

by Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-01-09
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 0128123303
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology approaches forensic anthropology as a modern and well-developed science, and includes consideration of forensic anthropology within the broader forensic science community, with extensive use of case studies and recent research, technology and challenges that are applied in field and lab contexts. This book covers all practical aspects of forensic anthropology, from field recoveries, to lab analyses, emphasizing hands-on activities. Topics include human osteology and odontology, examination methods, medicolegal significance, scene processing methods, forensic taphonomy, skeletal processing and sampling, sex estimation, ancestry estimation, age estimation, stature estimation, skeletal variation, trauma analysis, and personal identification. Although some aspects are specific to the United States, the vast majority of the material is internationally-relevant and therefore suitable for forensic anthropology courses in other countries. Provides a comprehensive lab manual that is applicable to coursework in forensic anthropology and archaeology Covers all practical aspects of forensic anthropology, from field recoveries, to lab analyses Includes discussions of human osteology and odontology, examination methods, medicolegal significance, scene processing methods, forensic taphonomy, skeletal processing and sampling, sex estimation, and more Emphasizes best practices in the field, providing an approach that is in line with today's professional forensic anthropology

The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine

The Human Skeleton in Forensic Medicine
A Book

by Wilton Marion Krogman,Mehmet Yasar Iscan,Maryna Steyn

  • Publisher : Charles C Thomas Pub Limited
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 9780398088781
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Revision of: The human skeleton in forensic medicine / by Wilton Marion Krogman and Mehmet Yasar Iscar. -- 2nd ed. -- Springfield, Ill., U.S.A.: C.C. Thomas, 1986.

The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine

The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Skeletal Remains from the Cemetery of St. Nicholas Shambles, City of London

Skeletal Remains from the Cemetery of St. Nicholas Shambles, City of London
A Book

by William J. White

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 80
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Canadian Journal of Anthropology

Canadian Journal of Anthropology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Osteoarchaeology

Osteoarchaeology
A Guide to the Macroscopic Study of Human Skeletal Remains

by Efthymia Nikita

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-12-22
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 0128040971
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Osteoarchaeology: A Guide to the Macroscopic Study of Human Skeletal Remains covers the identification of bones and teeth, taphonomy, sex, ancestry assessment, age estimation, the analysis of biodistances, growth patterns and activity markers, and paleopathology. The book aims to familiarize the reader with the main applications of osteoarchaeology and provide the necessary knowledge required for the implementation of a broad range of osteological methods. It is ideal as a complement to existing textbooks used in upper level undergraduate and graduate courses on osteoarchaeology, human osteology, and, to some extent, forensic anthropology. Pedagogical features include ample illustrations, case study material, revision exercises, and a glossary. Additional features comprise macros that facilitate data processing and analysis, as well as an extensive chapter on applied statistics. Contains coverage of nearly every aspect of human osteological macroscopic analysis Presents detailed descriptions of the application of different methods Includes a variety of online resources, including macros designed by the author for the calculation of the number of individuals in commingled assemblages, processing cranial landmarks and nonmetric traits, and more

Recent Progress of Natural Sciences in Japan

Recent Progress of Natural Sciences in Japan
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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