Download Sexual Selection Ebook PDF

Sexual Selection

Sexual Selection
A Book

by Malte Andersson

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 1994-06-16
  • Pages : 599
  • ISBN : 9780691000572
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Bright colors, enlarged fins, feather plumes, song, horns, antlers, and tusks are often highly sex dimorphic. Why have males in many animals evolved more conspicuous ornaments, signals, and weapons than females? How can such traits evolve although they may reduce male survival? Such questions prompted Darwin's perhaps most scientifically controversial idea--the theory of sexual selection. It still challenges researchers today as they try to understand how competition for mates can favor the variety of sex-dimorphic traits. Reviewing theoretical and empirical work in this very active field, Malte Andersson, a leading contributor himself, provides a major up-to-date synthesis of sexual selection. The author describes the theory and its recent development; examines models, methods, and empirical tests; and identifies many unsolved problems. Among the topics discussed are the selection and evolution of mating preferences; relations between sexual selection and speciation; constraints on sexual selection; and sex differences in signals, body size, and weapons. The rapidly growing study of sexual selection in plants is also reviewed. This volume will interest students, teachers, and researchers in behavioral ecology and evolutionary biology.

Sexual Selection: A Very Short Introduction

Sexual Selection: A Very Short Introduction
A Book

by Marlene Zuk,Leigh W. Simmons

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2018-06-28
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 0191084409
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

What is responsible for the differences between the sexes in so many animals, from the brilliant plumage of birds of paradise to the antlers on deer? And why are the traits that distinguish the sexes sometimes apparently detrimental to survival? Even when they look more or less alike, why do males and females sometimes behave differently? Questions like these have intrigued scientists and the public alike for many years, and new discoveries are showing us both how wildly variable the natural world is, and how some basic principles can help explain much of that variation. Like natural selection, sexual selection is a process that results from differential representation of genes in successive generations. Under sexual selection, however, the crucial characteristics that determine whether an individual reproduces depend on sexual competition, rather than survival ability. This Very Short Introduction considers the history of our understanding of sexual selection, from Darwin's key insights to the modern day. Considering the investment animals place on reproduction, variation in mating systems, sexual conflict, and the origin of sexual dimorphism, Marlene Zuk and Leigh Simmons discuss questions such as whether females can really choose between males on aesthetic grounds, and how sexual conflict is resolved in different species. They conclude with a consideration of the thorny question of how, and even if, sexual selection theory applies to humans. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Sexual Selection and Reproductive Competition in Insects

Sexual Selection and Reproductive Competition in Insects
A Book

by Murray Blum

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 0323148956
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Sexual Selection and Reproductive Competition in Insects explores the biological mechanisms underlying intrasexual reproductive competition as a driving force in sexual selection in insects. The book contains papers presented at a symposium on reproductive behavior in insects, held at the 15th International Congress of Entomology in Washington, D.C., in 1976. Organized into 13 chapters, this volume begins with a historical background on sexual selection theory and some of the principal conceptual advances that have been made since Charles Darwin (1871) posited that a sexual character was a characteristic possessed by only one sex and not the other. It then introduces the reader to differences in patterns of sexual selection and how they affect the reproductive success of individuals, male-female mating relationships, and mate choice by females. The book also discusses the evolution of mating strategies in insects, touching on concepts such as parental investment, female choice, and sexual conflict. Later chapters focus on winglessness, fighting, and dimorphism in male fig wasps and other insects, along with agonistic behavior among males of Achias australis, the function of horns in beetles, and the evolution of alternative male reproductive strategies in field crickets. The book also looks into the courtship and mating behavior of insects, and then concludes with an analysis of insect life histories in order to elucidate the biological aspects of the male-female phenomenon. This book is an essential reading for biologists and chemists.

Sexual Selection

Sexual Selection
Perspectives and Models from the Neotropics

by Regina H. Macedo,Glauco Machado

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-09-25
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 0123914566
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Sexual Selection: Perspectives and Models from the Neotropics presents new sexual selection research based upon neotropical species. As neotropical regions are destroyed at an alarming rate, with an estimated 140 species of rainforest plants and animals going extinct every day, it is important to bring neotropical research to the fore now. Sexual selection occurs when the male or female of a species is attracted by certain characteristics such as form, color or behavior. When those features lead to a greater probability of successful mating, they become more prominent in the species. Although most theoretical concepts concerning sexual selection and reproductive strategies are based upon North American and European fauna, the Neotropical region encompasses much more biodiversity, with as many as 15,000 plant and animal species in a single acre of rain forest. This book illustrates concepts in sexual selection through themes ranging from female cryptic choice in insects, sexual conflict in fish, interaction between sexual selection and the immune system, nuptial gifts, visual and acoustic sexual signaling, parental investment, to alternative mating strategies, among others. These approaches distinguish Sexual Selection from current publications in sexual selection, mainly because of the latitudinal and taxonomic focus, so that readers will be introduced to systems mostly unknown outside the tropics, several of which bring into question some well-established patterns for temperate regions. Synthesizes sexual selection research on species from the Neotropics Combines different perspectives and levels of analysis using a broad taxonomic basis, introducing readers to systems mostly unknown outside the tropics and bringing into question well-established patterns for temperate regions Includes contributions exploring concepts and theory as well as discussions on a variety of Neotropical vertebrates and invertebrates, such as insects, fish, arthropods and birds

Physical Attractiveness and the Theory of Sexual Selection

Physical Attractiveness and the Theory of Sexual Selection
Results from Five Populations

by Doug Jones

  • Publisher : University of Michigan Museum
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 0915703408
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Evolution by Sexual Selection Theory

Evolution by Sexual Selection Theory
Prior to 1900

by Carl Jay Bajema

  • Publisher : Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Sexual Selection

Sexual Selection
Perspectives and Models from the Neotropics

by Regina H. Macedo,Glauco Machado

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013-10-21
  • Pages : 441
  • ISBN : 9780124160286
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book illustrates concepts in sexual selection through themes ranging from female cryptic choice in insects, sexual conflict in fish, interaction between sexual selection and the immune system, nuptial gifts, visual and acoustic sexual signaling, parental investment, to alternative mating strategies, among others.

Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, 1871-1971

Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, 1871-1971
A Book

by Bernard Grant Campbell

  • Publisher : Heinemann Educational Publishers
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Studies in the Psychology of Sex

Studies in the Psychology of Sex
Sexual Selection in Man

by Havelock Ellis

  • Publisher : The Minerva Group, Inc.
  • Release : 2001-09-01
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 0898755840
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Love springs up as a response to a number of stimuli to tumescence, the object that most adequately arouses tumescence being that which evokes love; the question of Esthetic beauty, although it develops on this basis, is not itself fundamental and need not even be consciously present at all. When we look at these phenomena in their broadest biological aspects, love is only to a limited extent a response to beauty; to a greater extent beauty is simply a name for the complexus of stimuli which most adequately arouses love. If we analyze these stimuli to tumescence as they proceed from a person of the opposite sex we find that they are all appeals which must come through the channels of four senses: touch, smell, hearing, and, above all, vision. When a man or a woman experiences sexual love for one particular person from among the multitude by which he or she is surrounded, this is due to the influences of a group of stimuli coming through the channels of one or more of these senses.

Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Birds, Part B: Sexual Selection, Behavior, Conservation, Embryology and Genetics

Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Birds, Part B: Sexual Selection, Behavior, Conservation, Embryology and Genetics
A Book

by Barrie G M Jamieson

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-01-02
  • Pages : 516
  • ISBN : 1482280515
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The second part of volume 6 discusses sexual selection of ultraviolet and structural signals; melanins and carotenoids as feather colorants and signals; sexual selection and auditory signaling; odors and chemical signaling; sexual dimorphism; sexual selection, signal selection and the handicap principle; courtship and copulation; sexual conflict an

Studies in the Psychology of Sex: Sexual selection in man: 1. Touch. 2. Smell. 3. Hearing. 4. Vision

Studies in the Psychology of Sex: Sexual selection in man: 1. Touch. 2. Smell. 3. Hearing. 4. Vision
A Book

by Havelock Ellis

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1905
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection

Darwin and the Making of Sexual Selection
A Book

by Evelleen Richards

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2017-04-27
  • Pages : 669
  • ISBN : 022643690X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Sexual selection, or the struggle for mates, was of considerable strategic importance to Darwin s theory of evolution as he first outlined it in the "Origin of Species," and later, in the "Descent of Man," it took on a much wider role. There, Darwin s exhaustive elaboration of sexual selection throughout the animal kingdom was directed to substantiating his view that human racial and sexual differences, not just physical differences but certain mental and moral differences, had evolved primarily through the action of sexual selection. It was the culmination of a lifetime of intellectual effort and commitment. Yet even though he argued its validity with a great array of critics, sexual selection went into abeyance with Darwin s death, not to be revived until late in the twentieth century, and even today it remains a controversial theory. In unfurling the history of sexual selection, Evelleen Richards brings to vivid life Darwin the man, not the myth, and the social and intellectual roots of his theory building."

Sexual Selection in Homo sapiens

Sexual Selection in Homo sapiens
Parental Control over Mating and the Opportunity Cost of Free Mate Choice

by Menelaos Apostolou

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-07-01
  • Pages : 189
  • ISBN : 3319589997
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The present book aims to examine how sexual selection works in the human species. Almost all scholarly effort focuses on sexual selection in non-human species and extrapolates the findings to the human one. However, human mating has a unique pattern not found in any other species, namely parental influence over mate choice. Across preindustrial societies, the typical pattern of long-term mating is arranged marriage, where parents choose spouses for their children. By doing so, parents effectively become a sexual selection force. Traits that enhance an individual’s chance to be selected as a son- or a daughter-in-law confer important reproductive advantages to those who are endowed with them, increasing in frequency in the population. The author has coined the term parental choice to describe the sexual selection force that arises from parental control over mating. He synthesizes extensive theoretical and empirical work in order to understand and model this force. The aim is to understand which factors give rise to parental choice and to combine these insights into constructing a more formal model. It also aims to further examine whether the predictions of the model fit the patterns of mating found across different types of human societies, and how the model can be used to understand the evolution of behavioral traits involved in mating. By synthesizing the various arguments put forward and published across the literature, the book offers a comprehensive argument and overview of an aspect of sexual selection unique to our species. Furthermore, the book revises and extends previously made arguments and models, while it provides useful insights on how the proposed revision of sexual selection theory can enable us to understand a wide range of human behavioral phenomena. It should be key reading for those interested in studying sexual selection in general and in the Homo sapiens species in particular.

The Tungara Frog

The Tungara Frog
A Study in Sexual Selection and Communication

by Michael J. Ryan

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 230
  • ISBN : 9780226732299
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

In a Panamanian pond, male túngara frogs (Physalaemus pustulosus) gather in choruses, giving their "advertisement" call to the females that move among them. If a female chooses to make physical contact with a male, he will clasp her and eventually fertilize her eggs. But in vying for the females, the males whose calls are most attractive may also attract the interest of another creature: the fringe-lipped bat, a frog eater. In the Túngara Frog, the most detailed and informative single study available of frogs and their reproductive behavior, Michael J. Ryan demonstrates the interplay of sexual and natural selection. Using techniques from ethology, behavioral ecology, sensory physiology, physiological ecology, and theoretical population genetics in his research, Ryan shows that large males with low-frequency calls mate most successfully. He examines in detail a number of explanations for the females' preferences, and he considers possible evolutionary forces leading to the males' success. Though certain vocalizations allow males to obtain mates and thus should be favored by sexual selection, this study highlights two important costs of such sexual displays: the frogs expand considerable energy in their mating calls, and they advertise their whereabouts to predators. Ryan considers in detail how predators, especially the frige-lipped bat (Trachops cirrhosus), affect the evolution of the túngara frog's calls.

Genetics of Mate Choice: From Sexual Selection to Sexual Isolation

Genetics of Mate Choice: From Sexual Selection to Sexual Isolation
A Book

by W.J. Etges,M.A. Noor

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003-01-31
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 9781402010224
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Genetic studies aimed at understanding the origin of species are dominating major scientific journals. In the past decade, genetic tools that were previously available only in model systems have become accessible to investigators working on nearly all species. Concurrent with these technical advances has been an increase in understanding of both the importance of considering the ecological context of speciation and testing hypotheses about causes for species formation. Many recent studies suggest a prominent role of sexual selection in species formation. These advances have produced a need for a synthesis of what we now understand about speciation, and perhaps more importantly, where we should go from here. In this volume, several leading investigators and rising stars have contributed reviews and/or novel primary research findings aimed at understanding the ultimate mystery on which Darwin named his most famous and influential book. Fundamental to the origin of species is the evolution of mate choice systems. This collection of papers discusses burgeoning genetic, evolutionary, and ecological approaches to understanding the origins of mating discrimination and causes of premating reproductive isolation both within and between species. The individual contributions span a wide spectrum of disciplines, taxa, and ideas (some controversial). This synthesis brings together several of the most recent ideas with supporting empirical data. This book will be of particular interest to both undergraduate and postgraduate researchers and students and researchers in the field of evolutionary biology, genetics and animal behaviour.

Subversive Seduction

Subversive Seduction
Darwin, Sexual Selection, and the Spanish Novel

by Travis Landry

  • Publisher : University of Washington Press
  • Release : 2013-01-10
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0295804424
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Male-male rivalry and female passive choice, the two principal tenets of Darwinian sexual selection, raise important ethical questions in The Descent of Man--and in the decades since--about the subjugation of women. If female choice is a key component of evolutionary success, what impact does the constraint of women's choices have on society? The elaborate courtship plots of 19th century Spanish novels, with their fixation on suitors and selectors, rivalry, and seduction, were attempts to grapple with the question of female agency in a patriarchal society. By reading Darwin through the lens of the Spanish realist novel and vice versa, Travis Landry brings new insights to our understanding of both: while Darwin's theories have often been seen as biologically deterministic, Landry asserts that Darwin's theory of sexual selection was characterized by an open ended dynamic whose oxymoronic emphasis on "passive" female choice carries the potential for revolutionary change in the status of women.

Evolution of the Human Brain Through Runaway Sexual Selection

Evolution of the Human Brain Through Runaway Sexual Selection
The Mind as a Protean Courtship Device

by Geoffrey Miller

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 1144
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Current Perspectives on Sexual Selection

Current Perspectives on Sexual Selection
What's left after Darwin?

by Thierry Hoquet

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-02-01
  • Pages : 307
  • ISBN : 9789401795869
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This root-and-branch re-evaluation of Darwin’s concept of sexual selection tackles the subject from historical, epistemological and theoretical perspectives. Contributions from a wealth of disciplines have been marshaled for this volume, with key figures in behavioural ecology, philosophy, and the history of science adding to its wide-ranging relevance. Updating the reader on the debate currently live in behavioural ecology itself on the centrality of sexual selection, and with coverage of developments in the field of animal aesthetics, the book details the current state of play, while other chapters trace the history of sexual selection from Darwin to today and inquire into the neurobiological bases for partner choices and the comparisons between the hedonic brain in human and non-human animals. Welcome space is given to the social aspects of sexual selection, particularly where Darwin drew distinctions between eager males and coy females and rationalized this as evolutionary strategy. Also explored are the current definition of sexual selection (as opposed to natural selection) and its importance in today’s biological research, and the impending critique of the theory from the nascent field of animal aesthetics. As a comprehensive assessment of the current health, or otherwise, of Darwin’s theory, 140 years after the publication of his Descent of Man, the book offers a uniquely rounded view that asks whether ‘sexual selection’ is in itself a progressive or reactionary notion, even as it explores its theoretical relevance in the technical biological study of the twenty-first century.

Male Choice, Female Competition, and Female Ornaments in Sexual Selection

Male Choice, Female Competition, and Female Ornaments in Sexual Selection
A Book

by Ingo Schlupp

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2021-05-31
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 0198818947
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This novel text reviews our current understanding of male mate choice and female competition, highlighting the important connections between them. It places both concepts in the context of related fields such as female choice, mating systems, and sexual selection theory more broadly.

Sexual Selection and Communication in a Neotropical Frog

Sexual Selection and Communication in a Neotropical Frog
A Book

by Michael Joseph Ryan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK