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Silicate Glasses and Melts

Silicate Glasses and Melts
Properties and Structure

by Bjorn O. Mysen,Pascal Richet

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2005-06-16
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 9780080457710
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the structure-property-composition relationships for silicate glasses and melts of industrial and geological interest. From Antiquity to the 20th century, an introductory chapter presents this subject in a historical perspective. Basic concepts are then discussed in three chapters where attention is paid to the glass transition and its various consequences on melt and glass properties, to the structural and physical differences between amorphous and crystalline silicates, and to the mutual relationships between local order, energetics and physical properties. With pure SiO2 as a starting point, compositions of increasing chemical complexity are successively dealt with in a dozen chapters. The effects of network-modifying cations on structure and properties are first exemplified by alkali and alkaline earth elements. The specific influence of aluminum, iron, titanium, and phosphorus are then reviewed. With water, volatiles in the system COHS, noble gases, and halogens, the effects of volatile components are also described. The last chapter explains how the results obtained on simpler melts can be applied to chemically complex systems. In each chapter, physical and chemical properties are described first and followed by a review of glass and melt structure. When possible, pressure effects are also considered. *From SiO2 to complex silicate compositions, the physical and chemical properties of melts and glasses of geological and industrial interest *Structural characterization of melts and glasses, from ambient to high pressure and temperature *From basic concepts to an advanced level, a consistent description of the structure-property-composition relationships in glasses and melts

Silicate Glasses and Melts

Silicate Glasses and Melts
A Book

by Bjorn O. Mysen,Pascal Richet

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-11-27
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN : 0444637095
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Silicate Glasses and Melts, Second Edition describes the structure-property-composition relationships for silicate glasses and melts from a geological and industrial perspective. Updated sections include (i) characterization of silicate melt and COHN fluid structure (with and without dissolved silicate components) with pressure, temperature, and redox conditions and responses of structural variables to chemical composition, (ii) determination of solubility and solution mechanisms of COHN volatiles in silicate melts and minerals and of solubility and solution mechanisms of silicate components in COHN fluids, and (iii) effects of very high pressure on structure and properties of melts and glasses. This new book is an essential resource for researchers in a number of fields, including geology, geophysics, geoscience, volcanology, material science, glass science, petrology and mineralogy. Brings together multidisciplinary research scattered across the scientific literature into one reference, with a focus on silicate melts and their application to natural systems Emphasizes linking melt properties to melt structure Includes a discussion of the pros and cons of the use of glass as a proxy for melt structure and properties Written by highly regarded experts in the field who, among other honors, were the 2006 recipients of the prestigious G.W. Morey award of the American Ceramic Society

Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses

Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 686
  • ISBN : 0444598960
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Physical Sciences Data, Volume 15: Handbook of Glass Data: Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses, Part A presents information on the systems capable of forming glasses by cooling melts. This book provides data on the crystallization rates of glasses. Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the melt properties for the glass-forming systems. This text then examines the notion of a component that is very significant for determining the number of components in each investigated glass. Other chapters consider the contents of several oxides of the same element but in different valent state as the reason to transfer a glass to the category of the increased number of components. This book discusses as well the analytical composition of glass. The final chapter deals with flotation method using tetrabromoethane and benzene mixture. This book is a valuable resource for glass specialists, chemists, engineers, scientists, and information science workers.

Silicate Melts

Silicate Melts
A Book

by Sharon Webb

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2006-04-11
  • Pages : 76
  • ISBN : 3540691529
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on the experimental determination of the physical properties of silicate melts and magmas close to glass transition. Abundant new data are presented. The same type of measurement is performed on a range of melts to test the effect of composition on physical properties; and a range of different techniques are used to determine the same physical properties to illustrate the relationships between the relaxation of the melt structure and the relaxation of its physical properties. This book is of interest to experimental researchers in the discussion of data obtained from both a materials science and a geoscientific point of view.

Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts

Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts
A Book

by Bjorn O. Mysen

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Characterization of the relationships between structure and properties of materials is based on the fundamental principle that the structure of the material be determined first, followed by assessments of which structural properties may govern their properties as a function of composition, pressure, temperature and other variables. Whereas this methodology has been successfully applied to further our understanding of crystalline materials, studies of silicate melt structure are often conducted on a somewhat different basis. Rather than from direct structural determination, structure models have been developed from assumed relationships between a specific melt property and its structure. As a result, a multitude of models has evolved - many of which are mutually exclusive. The overall scope of this book is to address properties and processes of magmatic systems from the vantage point of melt structure. To this end available data in chemically increasingly complex systems are reviewed and discussed with the ultimate goal being integration of the simple system data into a model that describes complex systems such as natural magmatic liquids. Thus the book evolves from the simplest possible system, SiO 2 , to complex systems such as natural magmatic liquids. From a petrologic point of view, sufficient data have been obtained so that a general framework of the structure of magmatic liquids is in place. This framework is based on the same principles as those of crystal chemistry, modulated by the absence of long range order in amorphous material, and systematic relationships between structure and properties can be discerned at least at atmospheric pressure.

Bioactive Glasses

Bioactive Glasses
Fundamentals, Technology and Applications

by Aldo R Boccaccini,Delia S Brauer,Leena Hupa

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2016-11-28
  • Pages : 530
  • ISBN : 1782622012
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The global ageing society has significantly increased the need for implant materials, which not only replace damaged or lost tissue but are also able to regenerate it. The field of bioactive glasses has been expanding continuously over recent years as they have been shown to bond with hard and soft tissue, release therapeutically active ions, and be capable of enhancing bone formation and regeneration. In addition, they are successfully being used to re-mineralise teeth, thereby making bioactive glasses highly attractive materials in both dentistry and medicine. Understanding the multidisciplinary requirements set by the human body’s environment and the special characteristics of the different families of bioactive glasses is a key in developing new compositions to novel clinical applications. Bioactive Glasses aims to bridge the different scientific communities associated with the field of bioactive glasses with focus on the materials science point of view. Emerging applications covered include soft tissue regeneration, wound healing, vascularisation, cancer treatment and drug delivery devices. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest applications of bioactive glasses for material scientists.

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses

Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses
A Book

by Arun K. Varshneya,John C. Mauro

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-05-09
  • Pages : 753
  • ISBN : 0128162260
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Inorganic Glasses, Third Edition, is a comprehensive reference on the field of glass science and engineering that covers numerous, significant advances. This new edition includes the most recent advances in glass physics and chemistry, also discussing groundbreaking applications of glassy materials. It is suitable for upper level glass science courses and professional glass scientists and engineers at industrial and government labs. Fundamental concepts, chapter-ending problem sets, an emphasis on key ideas, and timely notes on suggested readings are all included. The book provides the breadth required of a comprehensive reference, offering coverage of the composition, structure and properties of inorganic glasses. Clearly develops fundamental concepts and the basics of glass science and glass chemistry Provides a comprehensive discussion of the composition, structure and properties of inorganic glasses Features a discussion of the emerging applications of glass, including applications in energy, environment, pharmaceuticals, and more Concludes chapters with problem sets and suggested readings to facilitate self-study

Advances in Molten Slags, Fluxes, and Salts

Advances in Molten Slags, Fluxes, and Salts
Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Molten Slags, Fluxes, and Salts 2016

by Ramana Reddy,Pinakin Chaubal,P. Chris Pistorius,Uday Pal

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-01-10
  • Pages : 1373
  • ISBN : 3319487698
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This collection focuses on ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy where ionic melts, slags, fluxes, or salts play important roles in industrial growth and economy worldwide. Technical topics included are: thermodynamic properties and phase diagrams and kinetics of slags, fluxes, and salts; physical properties of slags, fluxes, and salts; structural studies of slags; interfacial and process phenomena involving foaming, bubble formation, and drainage; slag recycling, refractory erosion/corrosion, and freeze linings; and recycling and utilization of metallurgical slags and models and their applications in process improvement and optimization. These topics are of interest to not only traditional ferrous and non-ferrous metal industrial processes but also new and upcoming technologies.

Diffusion in Minerals and Melts

Diffusion in Minerals and Melts
A Book

by Youxue Zahng,Daniele J. Cherniak

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2018-12-17
  • Pages : 1054
  • ISBN : 1501508393
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume 72 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry represents an extensive compilation of the material presented by the invited speakers at a short course on Diffusion in Minerals and Melts held prior (December 11-12, 2010) to the Annual fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco, California. The short course was held at the Napa Valley Marriott Hotel and Spa in Napa, California and was sponsored by the Mineralogical Society of America and the Geochemical Society.

Melt Chemistry, Relaxation, and Solidification Kinetics of Glasses

Melt Chemistry, Relaxation, and Solidification Kinetics of Glasses
Proceedings of the 106th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA 2004

by Hong Li,Chandra S. Ray,Denis M. Strachan,Richard Weber,Yuanzheng Yue

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-04-11
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN : 1118408071
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume will summarize the most recent development in experimentation, computation, and theory on chemistry of glass forming melt, including melt structure modeling and melt structure and characterizations. This volume provides a timely update on the advances in glass basic science research and development.

Mineralogy

Mineralogy
Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress, Beijing, China, 4-14 August 1996

by Huang Yunhui,Cao Yawen

  • Publisher : VSP
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 297
  • ISBN : 9789067642668
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a collection of papers presented in the 30th International Geological Congress, held in Beijing, on mineralogy. The papers deal with topics on fine structures and crystallographic orientations in biogenic magnetite and thermodynamic properties of minerals.

Silicate Science

Silicate Science
A Book

by Wilhelm Eitel

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 611
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermodynamic Data

Thermodynamic Data
Systematics and Estimation

by Surendra K. Saxena

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN : 1461228425
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the rapid development of fast processors, the power of a mini-super computer now exists in a lap-top box. Quite sophisticated techniques are be coming accessible to geoscientists, thus making disciplinary boundaries fade. Chemists and physicists are no longer shying away from computational mineral ogical and material science problems "too complicated to handle." Geoscientists are willing to delve into quantitative physico-chemical methods and open those "black boxes" they had shunned for several decades but with which had learned to live. I am proud to present yet another volume in this series which is designed to break the disciplinary boundaries and bring the geoscientists closer to their chemist and physicist colleagues in achieving a common goal. This volume is the result of an international collaboration among many physical geochemists (chemists, physicists, and geologists) aiming to understand the nature of material. The book has one common theme: namely, how to determine quantitatively through theory the physico-chemical parameters of the state of a solid or fluid.

Diffusion of Reactive Molecules in Solids and Melts

Diffusion of Reactive Molecules in Solids and Melts
A Book

by Robert H. Doremus

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2001-12-03
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9780471385455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Expert coverage of the physics and mathematics of diffusion-reactions in solids and melts This book presents a unified treatment of diffusion and reaction in a wide variety of oxides-with a special emphasis on the reactive molecules of water, hydrogen, and oxygen. The author proposes new ways of understanding diffusion and reaction in oxides and in silica glass, presents new mathematical treatments of diffusion-reaction, and offers a new discussion of the oxidation state. Helpful data tables cover the activation energies of water and oxygen diffusion in oxides; the diffusion of dopants in silicon; the ionic porosity of crystalline and amorphous oxides; and the diffusion of a large number of elements in silicon. The book features advanced discussions of: * Diffusion and reaction in solids and in relation to solid structure * Diffusion and reaction of water in silica glass, quartz, obsidian, and all oxides * Diffusion and reaction of hydrogen in oxides * Diffusion and reaction of oxygen in oxides * The oxidation state * Diffusion in silicon Diffusion of Reactive Molecules in Solids and Melts presents an up-to-date and comprehensive survey of the subject written for geologists, professionals working in fiber optics, graduate students, and researchers in materials science and solid-state physics.

Handbook of Glass Properties

Handbook of Glass Properties
A Book

by Narottam P. Bansal,Robert H. Doremus

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 680
  • ISBN : 0080523765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume is a compilation of data on the properties of glasses. The authors have critically examined and correlated the most reliable data on the properties of multicomponent commercial silicate glasses, vitreous silica, and binary and ternary laboratory glasses. Thermodynamic, thermal, mechanical, electrical, and transport properties are covered. Measurement methods and appropriate theories are also discussed.

Advances in High-Pressure Techniques for Geophysical Applications

Advances in High-Pressure Techniques for Geophysical Applications
A Book

by J. Chen,Y. Wang,T. S. Duffy,Simon Duffy, MA, DMS, PhD,Simon Duffy,G. Shen,L.P. Dobrzhinetskaya,L. F. Dobrzhinetskaya

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2005-10-14
  • Pages : 515
  • ISBN : 9780444519795
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Direct measurements of the elastic properties of iron and cobalt to 120 GPa : implications for the composition of earth's core / Jonathan C. Crowhurst, Alexander F. Goncharov and Joseph M. Zaug -- A gigahertz ultrasonic interferometer for the diamond anvil cell and high-pressure elasticity of some iron-oxide minerals / Steven D. Jacobsen, Hans J. Reichmann, Anastasia Kantor and Hartmut A. Spetzler -- Simultaneous equation of state, pressure calibration and sound velocity measurements to lower mantle pressures using multi-anvil apparatus / Baosheng Li, Jennifer Kung, T. Uchida and Yanbin Wang -- Simultaneous determination of elastic and structural properties under simulated mantle conditions using multi-anvil device MAX80 / Hans J. Mueller, Christian Lathe and Frank R. Schilling -- Laboratory measurement of seismic wave dispersion and attenuation at high pressure and temperature / Ian Jackson -- High-temperature plasticity measurements using synchrotron X-rays / Donald J. Weidner, Li Li ...

Microstructuring of Glasses

Microstructuring of Glasses
A Book

by Dagmar Hülsenberg,Alf Harnisch,Alexander Bismarck

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-06-24
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 3540498885
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first book that explains how to structure glass for micro- and nanophotonic applications. It deals with various glass compositions and their properties, and the interactions between glass and the electromagnetic waves used to modify it. The book also explores methods for influencing the geometrical microstructure of glass as well as methods to produce actual microdevices. It also details methods for influencing the geometrical microstructure of glasses.

Devitrification of Vacuum-melted Glasses of the Lithium Metasilicate-silica Compositional Series

Devitrification of Vacuum-melted Glasses of the Lithium Metasilicate-silica Compositional Series
A Book

by Jack I. Paige,Henry M. Harris,Hal J. Kelly

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1965
  • Pages : 15
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Magmas Under Pressure

Magmas Under Pressure
Advances in High-Pressure Experiments on Structure and Properties of Melts

by Yoshio Kono,Chrystèle Sanloup

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2018-04-06
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN : 0128112743
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Magmas under Pressure: Advances in High-Pressure Experiments on Structure and Properties of Melts summarizes recent advances in experimental technologies for studying magmas at high pressures. In the past decade, new developments in high-pressure experiments, particularly with synchrotron X-ray techniques, have advanced the study of magmas under pressure. These new experiments have revealed significant changes of structure and physical properties of magmas under pressure, which significantly improves our understanding of the behavior of magmas in the earth’s interior. This book is an important reference, not only in the earth and planetary sciences, but also in other scientific fields, such as physics, chemistry, material sciences, engineering and in industrial applications, such as glass formation and metallurgical processing. Includes research and examples of high-pressure technologies for studying the structure and properties of magma Summarizes the current knowledge on the structure and properties of high-pressure magma Highlights the importance of magma in understanding the evolution of the earth’s interior

Ternary Non-silicate Glasses

Ternary Non-silicate Glasses
A Book

by Oleg Vsevolodovich Mazurin,Marina Vladimirovna Strelʹt︠s︡ina,Tatʹi︠a︡na Pavlovna Shvaĭko-Shvaĭkovskai︠a︡

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 991
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the fourth volume of a comprehensive reference work on the properties of one-component, binary and ternary oxide glass-forming melts and glasses. Part A Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses'' was published in 1983, and Part B Single-Component and Binary Non-Silicate Oxide Glasses'' in 1985. Part C, published in 1987, covered Ternary Silicate Glasses. The present volume covers ternary non-silicate glasses. All ternary systems are united into large groups according to the valency of the elements forming the corresponding oxides. Within each of these groups the data are classified by properties. The sequence is as follows: glass formation, crystallization, density, thermal expansion and other thermal properties, optical properties, viscosity, elastic properties and internal friction, strength, surface tension, chemical durability, electrical properties, diffusion, permeation and solubility of gases, ion diffusion, volatilization and magnetic properties. Extensive references are included, as are author, subject and formula indexes.This book is an essential aid for all those working in research laboratories of glass-making firms, university lecturers, and undergraduate/post-graduate students involved with materials science. Previous parts have already proved their usefulness to a great many people and have been described as follows: The Handbook of Glass Data cannot be recommended too strongly. It must be held in every library where there is a serious interest in glass, and it should be on the shelf of every glass researcher. (Glass Technology).