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Silicon Anode Systems for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Silicon Anode Systems for Lithium-Ion Batteries
A Book

by Prashant N. Kumta,Aloysius Hepp,Moni Datta,Oleg I Velikokhatnyi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-09-10
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 0323851819
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Silicon Anode Systems for Lithium-Ion Batteries is an introduction to silicon anodes as an alternative to traditional graphite-based anodes. The book provides a comprehensive overview including abundance, system voltage, and capacity. It provides key insights into the basic challenges faced by the materials system such as new configurations and concepts for overcoming the expansion and contraction related problems. This book has been written for the practitioner, researcher or developer of commercial technologies. Provides a thorough explanation of the advantages, challenge, materials science, and commercial prospects of silicon and related anode materials for lithium-ion batteries Provides insights into practical issues including processing and performance of advanced Si-based materials in battery-relevant materials systems Discusses suppressants in electrolytes to minimize adverse effects of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation and safety limitations associated with this technology

Surface Chemistry of Silicon Anodes for Next-generation Lithium-ion Batteries

Surface Chemistry of Silicon Anodes for Next-generation Lithium-ion Batteries
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Batteries play a critical role in modern society and will only increase in importance as electric vehicles and grid-scale storage applications continue to grow. Silicon is a material of great interest as an anode for future battery applications, as it offers the possibility of greatly increased battery capacities and reduced weights. This work investigates two methods in which silicon may find use in batteries. First, silicon was shown to be a viable anode in primary battery systems using carbon monofluoride as a high-energy cathode for extremely high-temperature environments such as deep mineshafts. The temperatures achieved in these studies were some of the highest ever observed for a functioning lithium battery. In addition, the fundamental surface chemistry of silicon as a rechargeable anode for safer lithium-ion batteries was also investigated. Organosilicon-based electrolytes offer much higher flash points than the current generation of electrolytes, but the surface chemistry of their solid-electrolyte interphase formation on the silicon anode surface remains relatively unexplored until now. Finally, this work also presents a method for creation and subsequent functionalization of graphitic nanopillars. These nanopillars may serve as a route to well-ordered graphene nanoplatelets of monodisperse size and controllable chemistry.

Porous Silicon: From Formation to Applications: Optoelectronics, Microelectronics, and Energy Technology Applications, Volume Three

Porous Silicon: From Formation to Applications: Optoelectronics, Microelectronics, and Energy Technology Applications, Volume Three
A Book

by Ghenadii Korotcenkov

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-01-06
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN : 1498782558
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Porous silicon is rapidly attracting increasing interest from various fields, including optoelectronics, microelectronics, photonics, medicine, sensor and energy technologies, chemistry, and biosensing. This nanostructured and biodegradable material has a range of unique properties that make it ideal for many applications. This book, the third of a

Nanotechnology for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Nanotechnology for Lithium-Ion Batteries
A Book

by Yaser Abu-Lebdeh,Isobel Davidson

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-10-17
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN : 146144604X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This unique combined analysis of two scientific success stories—lithium-ion batteries and nanotechnology—has contributions from leading international experts who analyze the positive interplay between them, as well as future developments in energy storage.

Silicon and Silicide Nanowires

Silicon and Silicide Nanowires
Applications, Fabrication, and Properties

by Yu Huang,King-Ning Tu

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-10-24
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 9814303461
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoscale materials are showing great promise in various electronic, optoelectronic, and energy applications. Silicon (Si) has especially captured great attention as the leading material for microelectronic and nanoscale device applications. Recently, various silicides have garnered special attention for their pivotal role in Si device engineering and for the vast potential they possess in fields such as thermoelectricity and magnetism. The fundamental understanding of Si and silicide material processes at nanoscale plays a key role in achieving device structures and performance that meet real-world requirements and, therefore, demands investigation and exploration of nanoscale device applications. This book comprises the theoretical and experimental analysis of various properties of silicon nanocrystals, research methods and techniques to prepare them, and some of their promising applications.

Batteries for Sustainability

Batteries for Sustainability
Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

by Ralph J. Brodd

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-12
  • Pages : 514
  • ISBN : 1461457912
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Batteries that can store electricity from solar and wind generation farms are a key component of a sustainable energy strategy. Featuring 15 peer-reviewed entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, this book presents a wide range of battery types and components, from nanocarbons for supercapacitors to lead acid battery systems and technology. Worldwide experts provides a snapshot-in-time of the state-of-the art in battery-related R&D, with a particular focus on rechargeable batteries. Such batteries can store electrical energy generated by renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydropower installations with high efficiency and release it on demand. They are efficient, non-polluting, self-contained devices, and their components can be recovered and used to recreate battery systems. Coverage also highlights the significant efforts currently underway to adapt battery technology to power cars, trucks and buses in order to eliminate pollution from petroleum combustion. Written for an audience of undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and industry experts, Batteries for Sustainability is an invaluable one-stop reference to this essential area of energy technology.

Developments in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Lithium Ion Batteries

Developments in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Lithium Ion Batteries
Proceedings of the 106th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA 2004

by Arumugam Manthiram,Prashant N. Kumta,S. K. Sundaram,Siu-Wai Chan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-04-11
  • Pages : 142
  • ISBN : 1118407199
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This proceedings focuses on both the scientific and technological aspects of fuel cells and high energy density batteries including solid oxide; proton exchange membrane; and direct methanol fuel cells; lithium-ion batteries; oxide-ion electrolytes; proton conductors; mixed ionic-electronic conductors; electrocatalysts; new materials development; and other related solid state and electrochemical aspects including supercapacitors and oxygen separation membranes.

Directly Deposited Silicon/graphene Hybrid Anodes for Li-ion Batteries

Directly Deposited Silicon/graphene Hybrid Anodes for Li-ion Batteries
A Book

by Leyan Wang

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 73
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lithium-ion batteries (LIB) are considered as the most essential energy storage systems due to high energy density. However, current graphite anodes severely hinder LIB from further supporting fast-growing electric vehicles markets for low theoretical capacity. Silicon attracts attentions as one of the most promising candidates for next-generation LIB anode materials because of its much higher theoretical capacity. Silicon anodes have not been commercialized because of the challenges caused by extreme volume expansions and following passive problems, including continuous solid electrolyte interface formation, contact loss between active materials and finally, cycle retention decays. In this thesis, we discuss how to overcome these technical issues by engineering Si/graphene hybrid anodes through aircontrolled electrospray, which include three parts: silicon/graphene hybrid additive to LIB anode with Modifications; directly deposited silicon/graphene oxide LIB anode and further study on their size ratio effect and finally Interconductivity from graphene nanoribbon (GNR) in directly deposited silicon/graphene LIB anode.

Nanoelectronic Device Applications Handbook

Nanoelectronic Device Applications Handbook
A Book

by James E. Morris,Krzysztof Iniewski

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-11-22
  • Pages : 940
  • ISBN : 1351831976
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoelectronic Device Applications Handbook gives a comprehensive snapshot of the state of the art in nanodevices for nanoelectronics applications. Combining breadth and depth, the book includes 68 chapters on topics that range from nano-scaled complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) devices through recent developments in nano capacitors and AlGaAs/GaAs devices. The contributors are world-renowned experts from academia and industry from around the globe. The handbook explores current research into potentially disruptive technologies for a post-CMOS world. These include: Nanoscale advances in current MOSFET/CMOS technology Nano capacitors for applications such as electronics packaging and humidity sensors Single electron transistors and other electron tunneling devices Quantum cellular automata and nanomagnetic logic Memristors as switching devices and for memory Graphene preparation, properties, and devices Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), both single CNT and random network Other CNT applications such as terahertz, sensors, interconnects, and capacitors Nano system architectures for reliability Nanowire device fabrication and applications Nanowire transistors Nanodevices for spintronics The book closes with a call for a new generation of simulation tools to handle nanoscale mechanisms in realistic nanodevice geometries. This timely handbook offers a wealth of insights into the application of nanoelectronics. It is an invaluable reference and source of ideas for anyone working in the rapidly expanding field of nanoelectronics.

Advanced Battery Materials

Advanced Battery Materials
A Book

by Chunwen Sun

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-03-26
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1119407702
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrochemical energy storage has played important roles in energy storage technologies for portable electronics and electric vehicle applications. During the past thirty years, great progress has been made in research and development of various batteries, in term of energy density increase and cost reduction. However, the energy density has to be further increased to achieve long endurance time. In this book, recent research and development in advanced electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage devices are presented, including lithium ion batteries, lithium-sulfur batteries and metal-air batteries, sodium ion batteries and supercapacitors. The materials involve transition metal oxides, sulfides, Si-based material as well as graphene and graphene composites.

Electrochemical Energy

Electrochemical Energy
Advanced Materials and Technologies

by Pei Kang Shen,Chao-Yang Wang,San Ping Jiang,Xueliang Sun,Jiujun Zhang

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-08
  • Pages : 640
  • ISBN : 1482227282
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies covers the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage. The book was created by participants of the International Conference on Electrochemical Materials and Technologies for Clean Sustainable Energy (ICES-2013) held in Guangzhou, China, and incorporates select papers presented at the conference. More than 300 attendees from across the globe participated in ICES-2013 and gave presentations in six major themes: Fuel cells and hydrogen energy Lithium batteries and advanced secondary batteries Green energy for a clean environment Photo-Electrocatalysis Supercapacitors Electrochemical clean energy applications and markets Comprised of eight sections, this book includes 25 chapters featuring highlights from the conference and covering every facet of synthesis, characterization, and performance evaluation of the advanced materials for electrochemical energy. It thoroughly describes electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, hydrogen generation, and their associated materials. The book contains a number of topics that include electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, and degradation mechanisms. It also addresses challenges related to cost and performance, provides varying perspectives, and emphasizes existing and emerging solutions. The result of a conference encouraging enhanced research collaboration among members of the electrochemical energy community, Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies is dedicated to the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage and details the technologies, current achievements, and future directions in the field.

Nanotechnology for Energy Sustainability

Nanotechnology for Energy Sustainability
A Book

by Baldev Raj,Marcel Van de Voorde,Yashwant Mahajan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-01-30
  • Pages : 1316
  • ISBN : 3527696148
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In three handy volumes, this ready reference provides a detailed overview of nanotechnology as it is applied to energy sustainability. Clearly structured, following an introduction, the first part of the book is dedicated to energy production, renewable energy, energy storage, energy distribution, and energy conversion and harvesting. The second part then goes on to discuss nano-enabled materials, energy conservation and management, technological and intellectual property-related issues and markets and environmental remediation. The text concludes with a look at and recommendations for future technology advances. An essential handbook for all experts in the field - from academic researchers and engineers to developers in industry.

Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries

Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries
Trends and Progress in Electric Vehicles

by Thandavarayan Maiyalagan,Perumal Elumalai

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-12-18
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 1351052691
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lithium-ion batteries are the most promising among the secondary battery technologies, for providing high energy and high power required for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) and electric vehicles (EV). Lithium-ion batteries consist of conventional graphite or lithium titanate as anode and lithium transition metal-oxides as cathode. A lithium salt dissolved in an aprotic solvent such as ethylene carbonate and diethylene carbonate is used as electrolyte. This rechargeable battery operates based on the principle of electrochemical lithium insertion/re-insertion or intercalation/de-intercalation during charging/discharging of the battery. It is essential that both electrodes have layered structure which should accept and release the lithium-ion. In advanced lithium-ion battery technologies, other than layered anodes are also considered. High cell voltage, high capacity as well as energy density, high Columbic efficiency, long cycle life, and convenient to fabricate any size or shape of the battery, are the vital features of this battery technology. Lithium-ion batteries are already being used widely in most of the consumer electronics such as mobile phones, laptops, PDAs etc. and are in early stages of application in HEV and EV, which will have far and wide implications and benefits to society. The book contains ten chapters, each focusing on a specific topic pertaining to the application of lithium-ion batteries in Electric Vehicles. Basic principles, electrode materials, electrolytes, high voltage cathodes, recycling spent Li-ion batteries and battery charge controller are addressed. This book is unique among the countable books focusing on the lithium-ion battery technologies for vehicular applications. It provides fundamentals and practical knowledge on the lithium-ion battery for vehicular application. Students, scholars, academicians, and battery and automobile industries will find this volume useful.

Electronic Waste

Electronic Waste
Recycling Techniques

by Hugo Marcelo Veit,Andréa Moura Bernardes

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-02-20
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 3319157140
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents an overview of the characterization of electronic waste. In addition, processing techniques for the recovery of metals, polymers and ceramics are described. This book serves as a source of information and as an educational technical reference for practicing scientists and engineers, as well as for students.

Carbons for Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion Systems

Carbons for Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion Systems
A Book

by Francois Beguin,Elzbieta Frackowiak

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2009-11-18
  • Pages : 529
  • ISBN : 1420055402
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As carbons are widely used in energy storage and conversion systems, there is a rapidly growing need for an updated book that describes their physical, chemical, and electrochemical properties. Edited by those responsible for initiating the most progressive conference on Carbon for Energy Storage and Environment Protection (CESEP), this book undoub

Interfaces, Phenomena, and Nanostructures in Lithium Batteries

Interfaces, Phenomena, and Nanostructures in Lithium Batteries
Proceedings of the International Workshop on Electrochemical Systems

by Albert R. Landgrebe,Robert J. Klingler

  • Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 9781566773058
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications

Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications
Environment, Energy, Agriculture and Medicine

by Kajornsak Faungnawakij,Woei Jye Lau,Uracha Rungsardthong Ruktanonchai,Kuakoon Piyachomkwan

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-10-22
  • Pages : 796
  • ISBN : 0128215097
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Nanotechnology Applications: Environment, Energy, Agriculture and Medicine presents a comprehensive overview on recent developments and prospects surrounding nanotechnology use in water/wastewater separation and purification, energy storage and conversion, agricultural and food process, and effective diagnoses and treatments in medical fields. The book includes detailed overviews of nanotechnology, including nanofiltration membrane for water/wastewater treatment, nanomedicine and nanosensor development for medical implementation, advanced nanomaterials of different structural dimensions (0D, 1D, 2D and 3D) for energy applications, as well as food and agricultural utilization. Other sections discuss the challenges of lab-based research transitioning towards practical industrial use. Helps scientists and researchers quickly learn and understand the key role of nanotechnology in important industrial applications Takes an interdisciplinary approach, demonstrating how nanotechnology is being used in a wide range of industry sectors Outlines the role nanotechnology plays in creating safer, cheaper and more energy-efficient projects and devices

Rational Materials Design Enabling High Energy Density Lithium-Ion Batteries

Rational Materials Design Enabling High Energy Density Lithium-Ion Batteries
A Book

by Wenyue Shi

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 161
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aggravated environmental issues and limited resources call for renewable substitutions for fossil energy. In order to enable the wide use of renewable energy resources such as wind power and solar power, energy storage devices and materials have to be developed accordingly. Among all the energy storage candidates, rechargeable batteries, especially lithium- ion batteries (LIBs) show great potential. The high energy and power density of LIBs benefitted from the light-weight of lithium metal is a great advantage over other energy storage devices such as lead-acid batteries. They are also relatively environmental-friendly as a result. LIBs have long cycling life, with little memory effect. The properties of LIBs including physical features and energy storage characteristics are adjustable and flexible with different designs and use of materials, endowing them with broad applications from portable consumer electronics to electric vehicles to grid-scale energy storage. Anode as one major component of LIBs, has been a research focus for years. In light of the strong need for LIBs with higher energy density, silicon anode materials and lithium metal anode have been especially popular because of their ultrahigh specific capacity that significantly boosts the energy density of the according cells. Given their favorable advantages, they have major drawbacks that decisively hinder their applications in the market. Silicon materials, decided by its alloying lithiation mechanism, have almost 300% volume expansion upon full lithiation, which can cause serious fractures on the electrode and eventual failure. On the other hand, despite the high capacity and low lithiation potential of Li metal, Li dendrite growth is a severe problem that directly leads to a cell failure and even unwanted safety concerns. In this dissertation, low-cost and durable silicon anode materials are developed. To overcome the major problems of Si anode materials, a covalently-bonded nanocomposite of silicon and poly(vinyl alcohol) (Si-PVA) by high-energy ball-milling of a mixture of micron- sized Si and PVA is designed. The obtained Si nanoparticles are wrapped by resilient PVA coatings that covalently bonds to the Si particles. In such nanostructure, the soft PVA coatings can accommodate the volume change of the Si particles during repeated lithiation and delithiation. Simultaneously, as formed covalent bonds enhance the mechanical strength of the coatings. Due to the significantly improved structural stability, the Si-PVA composite delivers a lifespan of 100 cycles with a high capacity of 1526 mAh g-1. In addition, a high initial Coulombic efficiency over 88% and an average value of 99.2% in subsequent cycles can be achieved. This reactive ball milling strategy provide a low-cost and scalable route to fabricate high performance anode materials. To take a further step, an electrolyte membrane is designed and developed to enable the use of Li metal anode. . Inspired by ion channels in biology systems, we constructed lithium-ionchannels by chemically modifying the nanoporous channels of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with negatively charged sulfonate groups. Analogous to the biological ion channels, such negatively charged moieties repel anions while allowing effective transport of cations through the pore channels. Implementing such MOFs as an electrolyte membrane dramatically improves the lithium-ion transference number, enhances the rate capability and durability of the batteries. With the MOF membrane, Li dendrite growth is much suppressed, leading to an improved Coulombic efficiency and a prolonged cycle life.

Nanomaterials in Advanced Batteries and Supercapacitors

Nanomaterials in Advanced Batteries and Supercapacitors
A Book

by Kenneth I. Ozoemena,Shaowei Chen

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-07-18
  • Pages : 567
  • ISBN : 3319260820
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an authoritative source of information on the use of nanomaterials to enhance the performance of existing electrochemical energy storage systems and the manners in which new such systems are being made possible. The book covers the state of the art of the design, preparation, and engineering of nanoscale functional materials as effective catalysts and as electrodes for electrochemical energy storage and mechanistic investigation of electrode reactions. It also provides perspectives and challenges for future research. A related book by the same editors is: Nanomaterials for Fuel Cell Catalysis.

Advanced Battery Materials

Advanced Battery Materials
A Book

by Chunwen Sun

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-03-26
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 1119407664
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrochemical energy storage has played important roles in energy storage technologies for portable electronics and electric vehicle applications. During the past thirty years, great progress has been made in research and development of various batteries, in term of energy density increase and cost reduction. However, the energy density has to be further increased to achieve long endurance time. In this book, recent research and development in advanced electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage devices are presented, including lithium ion batteries, lithium-sulfur batteries and metal-air batteries, sodium ion batteries and supercapacitors. The materials involve transition metal oxides, sulfides, Si-based material as well as graphene and graphene composites.