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Sirtuin Biology in Medicine

Sirtuin Biology in Medicine
Targeting New Avenues of Care in Development, Aging, and Disease

by Kenneth Maiese

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-03-04
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 0128141190
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sirtuin Biology in Medicine: Targeting New Avenues of Care in Development, Aging, and Disease provides a fascinating and in-depth analysis of sirtuins in the body during normal physiology as well during disease highlighting the targeting of sirtuin-controlled pathways for the development of innovative, efficacious, and safe therapeutic strategies for multiple disorders in the body that ultimately can affect lifespan extension. Sirtuins are expressed throughout the body, have broad biological effects, and can significantly impact both cellular survival and longevity during acute and long-term illnesses. These histone deacetylases play an intricate role in the pathology, progression, and treatment of several disease entities ranging from neurodegenerative disorders, cardiovascular disease, immune system dysfunction, reproductive dysfunction, endocrine disorders, gastrointestinal disease, drug dependency, and aging-related disorders. Implementing a translational medicine format, this unique reference highlights novel signaling pathways for sirtuins that promote stem cell proliferation, enhance cellular protection, modulate pathways of apoptosis and autophagy, and extend life span. Each chapter is presented with insightful detail that will be of interest and a comprehensive resource to audiences that include scientists, physicians, pharmaceutical industry experts, nutritionists, and students. Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts who discuss the broad role of sirtuins in health and disease Details the basic and clinical role of sirtuins for the development of new clinical treatments Summarizes the multidiscipline views and publications for the compelling discipline of sirtuins by covering systems throughout the body Serves as an important resource for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings

Exam Prep for: Sirtuin Biology in Medicine

Exam Prep for: Sirtuin Biology in Medicine
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease

Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease
Cellular Pathways for Clinical Discovery

by Kenneth Maiese

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-02-20
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 0128224843
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sirtuin Biology in Cancer and Metabolic Disease: Cellular Pathways for Clinical Discovery offers a compelling and thought-provoking perspective for the examination of the intriguing biology of sirtuins that ties cancer and metabolic disease together and provides a critical platform for the development of sirtuin-based novel therapeutic strategies to effectively treat cancer and metabolic disorders with precision in order to minimize any potentially detrimental clinical outcomes. An exciting prospect for the development of innovative therapeutics for cancer and metabolic disorders involves sirtuins. Sirtuins are histone deacetylases that have an intricate role in the onset and development of cancer and metabolic disease. Implementing a translational medicine format, this innovative reference highlights the ability of sirtuins to oversee critical pathways that involve stem cell maintenance, cellular proliferation, metabolic homeostasis, apoptosis, and autophagy that can impact cellular dysfunction and unchecked cellular growth that can occur during cancer and metabolic disease. Each chapter offers an intuitive perspective of advances on the application of sirtuin pathways for cancer and metabolic disease that will be become a "go-to" resource for a broad audience of scientists, physicians, pharmaceutical industry experts, nutritionists, and students. Chapters are authored by internationally recognized experts who elucidate the intimate relationship between cancer and metabolic disease that intersects with sirtuin pathways Presents the basic and clinical role of sirtuins in regard to cancer and metabolic disease Summarizes the multidiscipline views and publications for this exciting field of sirtuins for the development of new clinical treatments for cancer and metabolic disease Provides a vital foundation for a broad audience of healthcare providers, scientists, drug developers, and students in both clinical and research settings

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine
A Book

by Manel Esteller

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-09-17
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 9781420007077
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology, Aging, and Disease

Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology, Aging, and Disease
A Book

by Leonard Guarente,Raul Mostoslavsky,Aleksey Kazantsev

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-04-20
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 012813500X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Introductory Review on Sirtuins in Biology and Disease provides key insights for scientists and advanced students who need to understand sirtuins and the current research in this field. This book is ideal for pharmaceutical companies as they develop novel targets using sirtuins for metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative illnesses. Sirtuins are a diverse family of proteins, with several members in mammals. The functional diversity of sirtuins is rather broad, and they have been implicated in various central biological processes. Thus, they are also highly relevant in the context of various human diseases, from cancer to neurodegeneration. Covers both the general and specific aspects of sirtuin proteins and their role in biology, aging and disease Presents a top quality collection of leading experts who contribute on a wide range of sirtuin-related topics Ideal resource for pharmaceutical companies as they develop novel targets using sirtuins for metabolic diseases, cancer and neurodegenerative illnesses

Sirtuins

Sirtuins
A Book

by Riekelt H. Houtkooper

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-11-17
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9402409629
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The sirtuin family of proteins (SIRT1-7) received a lot of attention in recent years as they serve as metabolic sensors that control not only metabolism, but also aging and lifespan regulation. As such, sirtuins are strong targets for the treatment of age-related metabolic diseases, including obesity, diabetes, and cancer. Indeed, many research groups as well as pharmaceutical companies discovered food components and/or drugs that target the sirtuins and provide significant health benefits. This book focuses on various aspects of sirtuin biology, from basic biochemistry, via molecular function, to its role in (fighting) human disease.

Experimental Biology and Medicine

Experimental Biology and Medicine
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sirtuins in Biology and Disease

Sirtuins in Biology and Disease
A Book

by Tiago F. Outeiro,Aleksey G. Kazantsev

  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9782889191178
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sirtuins comprise a family of NAD+-dependent enzymes that have been shown to impact longevity in a number of eukaryotic organisms. Sir2 (Silent Information Regulator 2) was the first sirtuin protein discovered. The discovery that Sir2 requires NAD+ for its activity suggested a link between Sir2 activity and the phenomenon of caloric restriction in prolonging longevity. This link was strengthened by the observation that lifespan extension by caloric restriction requires Sir2 protein. Under conditions of caloric restriction, NAD+ levels are high, Sir2 is activated, and the rate of aging is decreased. These effects have been replicated in invertebrate organisms, where a close structural and functional homologue of Sir2 was found in C. elegans and Drosophila. The sirtuin-dependent effects on metabolism and ageing, observed in lower organisms, have ignited intensive investigation of their biological and therapeutic roles in mammals. There are seven known mammalian sirtuins, SIRTs 1-7, the most studied of which is SIRT1, a close structural and functional homologue of yeast Sir2. Enhancement of organismal longevity and other health-promoting effects of mammalian SIRT1 have frequently been attributed to the regulation of metabolism. A recognized molecular link between metabolism and aging stimulated a firestorm of investigations, aiming to combat metabolic and age-dependent human diseases. It has become clear, however, that the sirtuin family of proteins regulates a diverse repertoire of cellular functions in mammals. Mounting evidence implicating SIRT1 in important clinical indications, such as diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular dysfunction and neurodegenerative disease, suggest that modality as attractive therapeutic target. Subsequently, drug discovery and development, targeting sirtuin activation, has been intensified in the recent years. Despite rapid progress and accumulation of new data, the biological roles of other mammalian sirtuins have been less studied and remain poorly understood. There are several important questions that remain to be addressed. What are the functions of sirtuins in different cell types and tissues? Are all sirtuins involved in the regulation of metabolism and aging? What is the functional relationship between different sirtuins? What are the mechanisms of regulation of sirtuin activities? What is the role of sirtuins in disease and therapy? This issue aims to address these and other critical questions, relevant to Research Topic on sirtuin biology and therapeutics. To that end the issue solicits expert opinions of sirtuin research on structural biology, biochemistry, cell biology, animal genetics, pharmacology, medicinal chemistry and drug discovery, and on areas of investigation studying human conditions, like diabetes, cancer, cardio-vascular, and neutodegeneration. Of particular interest are the new methods and assays to study sirtuins in various organisms and developing sirtuin-based therapeutics. Furthermore, we propose to encourage contributors to discuss new concepts and paradigms, and to express their perspectives on the future development of the sirtuin research field. Altogether, we believe this issue provides a unique opportunity for comprehensive and diverse coverage of the topic, and will be of broad interest for the journal’s readership.

Skeletal Biology and Medicine

Skeletal Biology and Medicine
A Book

by Mone Zaidi

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2010-05-03
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As part of the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences series, this volume examines mechanisms involved in bone development and restructuring, including cellular and mechanical triggers, receptors, and signalling pathways. This volume also examines other factors associated with bone and musculoskeletal health, including physiological systems and disease states such as the immune system, inflammation, diabetes, infection and cancer. This book is ideal for Graduate students, medical students, researchers and clinicians in with an interest in anatomy, physiology, developmental biology, immunology, and musculoskeletal health NOTE: Annals volumes are available for sale as individual books or as a journal. For information on institutional journal subscriptions, please visit www.blackwellpublishing.com/nyas. ACADEMY MEMBERS: Please contact the New York Academy of Sciences directly to place your order (www.nyas.org). Members of the New York Academy of Science receive full-text access to the Annals online and discounts on print volumes. Please visit http://www.nyas.org/MemberCenter/Join.aspx for more information about becoming a member.

Comparative Biology of Aging

Comparative Biology of Aging
A Book

by Norman S. Wolf

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-01-08
  • Pages : 391
  • ISBN : 9789048134656
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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determined by an inability to move in response to touch. C. elegans develop through four larval stages following hatching and prior to adulthood. Adult C. elegans are reproductive for about the rst week of adulthood followed by approximately two weeks of post-reproductive adulthood prior to death. Life span is most commonly measured in the laboratory by maintaining the worms on the surface of a nutrie- agar medium (Nematode Growth Medium, NGM) with E. coli OP50 as the bacterial food source (REF). Alternative culture conditions have been described in liquid media; however, these are not widely used for longevity studies. Longevity of the commonly used wild type C. elegans hermaphrodite (N2) varies ? from 16 to 23 days under standard laboratory conditions (20 C, NGM agar, E. coli OP50 food source). Life span can be increased by maintaining animals at lower ambient temperatures and shortened by raising the ambient temperature. Use of a killed bacterial food source, rather than live E. coli, increases lifespan by 2–4 days, and growth of adult animals in the absence of bacteria (axenic growth or bac- rial deprivation) increases median life span to 32–38 days [3, 23, 24]. Under both standard laboratory conditions and bacterial deprivation conditions, wild-derived C. elegans hermaphrodites exhibit longevity comparable to N2 animals [25].

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Molecular Biology of Aging

Molecular Biology of Aging
A Book

by Leonard Guarente,Linda Partridge,Douglas C. Wallace

  • Publisher : CSHL Press
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN : 0879698241
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume covers the major threads in the molecular genetics of aging, including genes that regulate aging, causes of aging, evolutionary theories of aging, and the relationship between diet and aging. Among specific topics covered are calorie restriction, mitochondria, sirtuins, telomeres, stem cells, and cancer.

Histone Deacetylases: the Biology and Clinical Implication

Histone Deacetylases: the Biology and Clinical Implication
A Book

by Tso-Pang Yao,Edward Seto

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-08-31
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 9783642216312
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book highlights work from many different labs that taught us abnormal HDACs potentially contribute to the development or progression of many human diseases including immune dysfunctions, heart disease, cancer, memory impairment, aging, and metabolic disorders.

Sirtuins in Health and Disease

Sirtuins in Health and Disease
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-02-03
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 0128122625
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sirtuins in Health and Disease, Volume 154 presents the reactions catalyzed by sirtuins in terms of their unique coenzyme NAD+-dependent catalytic mechanisms, the ways to elucidate these mechanisms, and the design of the inhibitory compounds against the sirtuin-catalyzed reactions as potential therapeutic agents for human diseases. Sections cover the concepts and chemical tools in sirtuin research, SIRT4 and SIRT7, the regulatory effects of NAD metabolic pathways on sirtuin activity, sirtuins as modifiers of Huntington’s Disease (HD) pathology, parasite sirtuins as targets for novel chemotherapeutic agents, targeting sirtuins – substrate specificity and inhibitor design, and chemical probes in sirtuin research. This book focuses on the outstanding issues in the sirtuin field and implications for future sirtuin research. Presents an excellent subject, excellent structural organization, and authoritative contributions from world-renowned scholars in the sirtuin field Provides the latest updates on sirtuins in health and disease

Structure

Structure
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of the Biology of Aging

Handbook of the Biology of Aging
A Book

by Edward J. Masoro,Steven N. Austad

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2010-12-13
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 9780123786395
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of the Biology of Aging, Seventh Edition, reviews and synthesizes recent findings and discoveries in the field. This volume is part of The Handbooks of Aging series, which also includes The Handbook of the Psychology of Aging and The Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences. The book is organized into two parts. Part 1 covers basic aging processes. It covers concepts relevant to clinical research, such as muscle, adipose tissue, and stem cells. It discusses research on how dietary restriction can slow down the aging process and extend life in a wide range of species. Part 2 deals with the medical physiology of aging. It contains several chapters on the aging of the human brain. These chapters deal not only with diseases but also with normal aging changes to cerebral vasculature and myelination as well as the clinical implications of those changes. Additional chapters cover how aging affects central features of human health such as insulin secretion, pulmonary and cardiac function, and the ability to maintain body weight and body temperature. The volume is primarily directed at basic researchers who wish to keep abreast of new research outside their own subdiscipline. It will also be useful to medical, behavioral, and social gerontologists who want to learn about the discoveries of basic scientists and clinicians. Contains basic aging processes as determined by animal research as well as medical physiology of aging as known in humans Covers hot areas of research, like stem cells, integrated with longstanding areas of interest in aging like telomeres, mitochondrial function, etc. Edited by one of the fathers of gerontology (Masoro) and contributors represent top scholars in gerintology

Technology Review

Technology Review
MIT's Magazine of Innovation

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Pharmacology

Advances in Pharmacology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Scientific American

Scientific American
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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